You are on page 1of 7

GEOGRAPHY

PAPER 1
(THEORY)
(Maximum Marks:70)
(Time allowed: Three howrs)
(Candidates are allowed additional I5 minutes
for only reading the paper.
They must NOT stqrt writing during this time.)

Answer sections A and B from part I which are compulsory.


Answer anyfour questionsfrom port II.
Sketch mops and diagrams should be drawn u,herever they serve to illustrate your
answer
The intended marksfor questions or parts of questions are given in brackets
I J.

PART I (30 Marks)


Answer all questions.
SECTION A
Questionl [t0x2l
(i) Why is the location of India in the Indian Ocean considered to be significant?
Give t wo reasons.
(ii) With reference to the extent of India, write the angular values of the points
marked as (a), (b), (c) and (d) in the map given below:

L.'r
i
l ( ("
I

I
\l- * ,'..-> 1" 1.
?.
! 'c.
I
) (d) (,T,

This Paper consists of 6 printed pages and a map.


l2r9-853.4 Turn over
@ copyright reservecl.
order'
(iii) Name the-four Indian geological eras in their cluonological
explain any h\,o factors responsible fbr the depletion
of forests in
(iv) Briefly
India.
the Tarai regions'
(v) Mention any two diff'erences between the Bhabar and
(ri) Briefly explain the following terms:
(a) PsYchologicalDensitY
(b) Conurbation

(vii) State n,o problems affecting the fishing industry


in Bangladesh'

(viii) Name one miningcentre for each of the following:


(a) Mica in Andhra Pradesh
(b) Iron ore in Odisha
(ix)NamethetwoterminalsoftheEast-Westcorridor.
agro-based indqstry in
(x) what is an agro-based industry? which is the largest
lndia?

SECTION B

t10l
Question 2
On the outline map of India provided:
(a)MarkandnamethenorthernmostpointofthelndianUnion'
(b) Mark and label the Nilgiri Hills'
(c) Shade and label the Gulf of Khambat'
(d) Trace the course and label the river Mahanadi'
Show with a single arrow ancl name the wind
that brings rain over the coast of
(e)
Tamil Nadu, during r'vinters'
(0 Locate with a dot and name the capital city of Rajasthan'
(g) Mark and name the Nathula Pass'
(h) Mark and name the oldest oil-field of India'
Pradesh'
(i) Mark with a dot and name the major port of Andhra

0) Mark and label the hinterland of Chennai'


should be done on the map sheet only'
Note: All the map u;ork, inclut)ing legerul (lndex)

1219-853A
PART II (40 Marks)
Answer any four questions.
Question 3
(a) Briefly explain the geological evolution of the Himalayas.
13I
(b) Explain giving any two reasons why the deltas of the river Mahanadi suffer from
I2t
occasional floods.
(c) Study the temperature and rainfall graph of station X given below and answer the
t3t
questions that follow:
7ocr

600

r) 2r:t soo su
F.
[l
,JJ
fr^ 400 f,
3'"
!- *
s 4
s. 15 300 --r
I.lJ {tr
J

Z
1CI1 tao fi
I

,:
)1l
!

100
i

,..Y o

MONTHS

(i) Is the location of station X inland or coastal?


(ii) What is the cause of sudden fall of temperature in July, even though it is a
summer month?
(iii) Mention one main feature of the climate experienced by the station X.
(d) what is Agro-forestry? Mention any two benefits of Agro-forestry. Izl

Question 4
(a) (i) Define index of concentration.
IU
(ii) How is it useful in the study of population?
IU

1219-853A Turn over


(b) Differentiate between natural growth of population and migratory growth of tzt
population.
(c) Explain why sex composition is an important demographic attribute of, the t2t
population in India.
(d) Figures A
and B given below show two types of settlement patterns that have t2l
developed in India:

i/
l,I
-
illt,' .,"'
g"l:,-
.,
' iir
"ttt?-.--
"*'l' \.

-*jiitp -
,?,.,.r,r)
-?t"?iJr{i*
-l
I
icr I Jt..;ao
l3 ?/
i'---].rtiru.rr rurl

Figure A Figure B
(i) Name the settlement patterns in Figures A and B.

(ii) State one characteristic feature of each of the settlement patterns.

(e) (i) What is urbanisation? tu


(ii) What are the two main components of urbanisation? tll
Question 5
t
(a) Briefly explain any two adverse effects of small and fragmented holdings on I2t
agricultural productivity.
(b) State rwo ways in which forest area in our country can be increased. l2l
(c) Mention three constraints explaining why cultivable wqste land is not being t3l
used for cultivation at present.
(d) In which two ways are tube-wells better than ordinary wells as a form of I2l
inigation?

4
1219-853A
(e) With reference to canal irrigation, name one canal in each of the following IU
states:
(D Uttar Pradesh
(ii) Punjab

Question 6
(a) (i) What is crop rotation?
(ii) Mention nro reasons why crop rotation is necessary in India.
(b) What is the importance of animal husbandry in Indian agriculture? t2t
(c) Differentiate betweenpelagic fish and demersal Jish. tzt
(d) Name the following: 13I
(i) A geothermal energy plant in Himachal Pradesh.
(ii) An offshore oilfield in the country.
(iii) The nuclear power station in Tamil Nadu.

Question 7
(a) Explain fwo factors that affect inland waterways in India. 12l,
(b) Give reasons for the following: t3l
(i) There is a dense network of railways over the North Indian Plains.
(ii) Peninsular Plateau has a high proportion of metalled roads.
(iii) A good transport network promotes industrial development.
(c) Mention one advantage and one disadvantage of air transport.
(d) Differentiate between T e I e c o mmuni c at i o n and Ma s s C o mmuni c at io n.
(e) State any two ways in which radio can still be considered as a powerful means of
mass comrnunication in remote areas.

Question 8
(a) Mention rwo reasons for the development of the Bengaluru - Tamil Nadu I2t
lndustrial Region.
(b) Give three reasons to explain the development of sugar industry in Maharashtra. t3l
(c) State rwo advantages that mini steel plants have over large integrated steel plants. t2t
(d) (i) Define tourism. tu
(ii) State any two advantages of tourism in India. t2t

1219-853A Turn over


-1
I

Question 9
(a) (i) What is a planning Region?
(ii) Mention any two characteristics of a planning region. I2t

(b) Explain giving fito reasons why there is a needfor


planned development for a
country like India. I2t
(c) Mention any two factors which have
influenced the development
Electronic City of Bengaluru. of the I2t
(d) (i) what is sericulture?
(ii) Name tuo maindistricts of silk production in I2t
Chhattisgarh.
(e) with reference to Hardia port, answer the fo,owing:
(i) Where is rhe porr located? I2t

(ii) State the need for the development of this port.

6
l2I9-853.4
hki a

- ,,'vr
,a- t.
\I
--L
Z \ S?3....
?Z
6 a
I
J.l
a2. O

z G0r
i)=
EA €
a

I
0)
q)
U)

q)
t,-,a.-a
a) (\l
'l''.-!
CO
LZ
z 3o ,.
z tril ..,_.-.,f \.r.\.
2 \. \
Eb
\..
U
-A
r#
\-\
i
tu .' . .j
F a
Ff
(.' - .'1
'\.-r.- \.
z
Iia

4
iV
\r
z

?n
ta
6I
o\
rc Gl 3 N

Related Interests