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SS STF DIGITL GROUP

S.S.L.C.
SOCIAL SCIENCE

According to Revised Syllabus of 2018-19

3 & 4 Marks
Questions and Answers*

In Kannada
Mahadevappa Kundaragi
Chikkamagaluru

To English
Manjunatha S. Prashantha T.K.
Kolar Chikkamagaluru

*These chapters/questions are not final


3 and 4 mark Questions and Answers 2018-19

3 Marks questions & Answers New thinking process was created


among the Indians.
Indians could understand and
HISTORY appreciate their rich tradition
The impact of British Rule in India
4. What are the main features of 1833
1. What are the differences between charter act?
Permanent zamindar system and The Governor General of Bengal was
Ryotwari system. OR How was become the GovernorGeneral of India.
Zamindar system different from The Governor General was vested
Ryotwari system OR Permanent with powers to direct, controland
Zamindar system made the Indian supervising all trades in India.
farmers born in debt, lived in debt and The Central Government of Bengal
died in debt. How? OR What were the had the final right to decideon issues
main aspects of Ryotwari system? like war, peace
The Act barred any discrimination
Permanent Ryotwari system based on religion, birth andskin
Zamindar system colour.
Lord Cornwallis Alexander Reed & A law professional was appointed to
introduced Thomas Monroe Governor General’s executive
implemented committee.
Implemented in implemented in All British Companies were allowed to
Bengal and Bihar Bara mahal, have trade relationship inIndia.
regions Madras & Mysore
regions 5. What were the major features of
Zamindar became Farmer became Regulating act?
the owner of the the owner of the The Bengal Presidency gained control
land land over the other two presidencies.
Zamindar was the There was a direct The Governor of Bengal became the
middle between contact between Governor General
the government & the government & The Governor General was authorized
farmer farmer control over the other two
Zamindars Heavy tax was presidencies.
collected tax more fixed annually The other two presidencies could not
than fixed declare war or peace
Tax collected even Tax was refund agreementswithoutprior approvalof
during floods during flood and the Bengal Presidency on anyone.
famine Supreme court was established at
The farmers were The farmers lose Calcutta.
exploited in many their lands due to To control the private trade of the
manner loans. company officials.

2. What are impacts of British land tax 6. What are the main features of 1919
system act?
New zamindar class was created formation of bi-Cameral legislative
Farmers were exploited body at central.
Land became a commodity Diarchy was allowed at regional
Many Zamindars mortgaged their governments.
land A high commissioner was appointed
Agriculture sector became for India
commercialized A separate budget for regions
The Money lenders became strong. ‘Separate Electoral College’ was
3. Explain the effects of British extended
education on Indians.
Nationalistic ideals were developed 7. “Indian Government act of 1935
Local languages and literature were was considered as the foundation of
encouraged. Indian Constitution” Justify. OR What
Periodicals started emerging. were the main features Indian
Government act 0f 1935?

Mahadevappa Kundaragi Manjunatha S. Prashantha T K


3 and 4 mark Questions and Answers 2018-19

All India federation was formed Exploring solutions to various


Diarchy was established at the centre problems with international
Reserve Bank of India was established cooperation.
Diarchy was cancelled at the regional Providing recognition to international
level agreements and conditions
Autonomy was granted to provinces Striving to build mutual trust and
The federal court was established cooperation among the countries.

8.Analyse the judicial system 2.What are the affiliated bodies of


organized by the British under the UNO.
company rule. OR what are the General Assembly
differences between civil and criminal Security Council
courts during the British rule? Social and economic committee
Two types of courts in every district. Trusteeship committee
Civil courts Criminal courts International court of justice
Secretariat
Diwani Adalat Fouzadari Adalat
Hindus were Justice was 3. Name the various organizations
dispensed justice dispenced as per under UNO
as per the Hindu Islam laws. Food and Agriculture Organization
scriptures and Slowly British World Health Organization
the Muslims as legal procedures World Trade Organization
per the Shariyat were introduced International Labour Organization
Though they were UNESCO
under the control UNICEF
came under the of ‘Qajis’,
administration of functioning under 4. Mention the formation and
European officers. the supervision functions of General Assembly.
of European Formation:
officers It is consisting of representatives from
all the member states.
8.What are the reformations brought Every country sends five
during British rule in the police representatives
system? But, every country has only one vote
Implemented the efficient Police Functions:
System General budget is approved in this
Created the new post of SP body
Divided every district into many A special session can be convened if
stations there are any emergency issues.
Put every station under a ‘Kotwal’and It acts like a global parliament to
every village under the care of discuss world issues.
‘Chowkidhar’
‘Kotwal’ was made accountable for 5. Mention the formation and
crimes at village level functions of Security Council.
The Police law was implemented Formation:
Allowed the appointment of suitable It has 5 permanent member nations
educational qualification for the post 10 members are elected for 2 years.
of the police officers. Permanent members have veto power
***** Functions:
Strives to solve global problems
POLITICAL SCIENCE peacefully.
International Institutions It deploys UN peace keeping force to
maintain peace and order.
1. List out the aims of UNO / What are Itselects the Judge of International
the aims of UNO Court of Justice
Safeguarding international peace and It suggests the nomination of
security. Secretary General for UN.
Fostering cooperation among nations.
Improving the faith in human rights
Mahadevappa Kundaragi Manjunatha S. Prashantha T K
3 and 4 mark Questions and Answers 2018-19

6. Explain the economic and social 3. Untouchability is a social evil.


achievements of UNO. How?
Establishment of economic The lowest position in the social
institutions like world Bank strata
GATT agreement They were kept out of the education
The United Development Programme Denial of property rights
Declaration of Human Rights Denial of political participation rights
Control of Apartheid Policy Denial of human rights
Abolition of colonialism They were subjected to exploitations

7. What are the functions of Economic 4. What are the differences between
and social committee? organized and unorganized labourers?
Conducting studies on international Organized Unorganized
issues and sharing the reports. labourers labourers
Solving the problems like Enrolled under No legal frame
refugeeproblems, women status, the laws work
residence Fixed area No fixed area
This committee recommends on Fixed time No fixed time
issues of human rights and basic Fixed wages and No fixed wages
freedoms. allowances and allowances
Organizing Global conferences Medical facilities No Medical
Coordinating the functions of facilities
specialised bodies specialized in Not skilled in
***** work particular area.
*****
SOCIOLOGY
Social Stratification GEOGRAPHY
Indian Industries
1. What are the constitutional and
legal measures to eradicate 1. Explain the importance of
untouchability? industries in the economic
The Article 17 of the Indian development of India.
Constitution prohibits Untouchability Reduces the reliance on primary
Implemented ‘Untouchability Crime products, imported goods
Act’in 1955. Helps to increase the national income
‘Civil Rights Protection Act’ was Increase percapita income
implemented in 1976. Also create job opportunities
Provided Equality right Raise GDP and the living standard of
Universal rights to vote the people.
reservations in various fields They help to reduce the pressure on
agriculture.
2. What are the measures undertaken
by the government to achieve 2. Mention the factors influenced the
educational equality? location of industries.
Article 21- Defined Right to live in the Raw materials
education perspective Power resources
Article 29- providesProtection of Transport and Communication
Cultural rights of the minorities Market
provides for the establishment of Capital
Minority educational institutions Suitable climate
Article-45 – Free and Compulsory
education for children under 14 3. Mention the major regions of India.
Article-46- support the education The Hooghly - Kolkata region.
interest of Scheduled Caste and The Mumbai - Pune region
Tribes The Ahmedabad -Vadodara region,
86th amendment made education as The Madurai - Coimbatore region
fundamental rights of the children The Delhi - Meerut region,
Visakhapatnam _ Guntur region
Mahadevappa Kundaragi Manjunatha S. Prashantha T K
3 and 4 mark Questions and Answers 2018-19

The Kolkata - Thiruvananthapuram Plastic money – credit/debit cards


region.
2. Explain the functions of Money.
4. Mention the important iron and Medium of exchange
steel industries of India. Measure of value
Indian Iron and Steel Co. (IISCO) at Standard of differed payment
Burnpur in West Bengal. Store of value
Vishweshwaraiah Iron and Steel Ltd. Transfer of value
(VISL) at Bhadravathi in Karnataka.
Hindustan Steel Ltd at Bhilai, 3. What are the functions of RBI?
Durgdistict in Chhattisgarh Monopoly of note issue
Hindustan Steel Ltd at Rourkela, Banker to Government
Sundargarhdistict in Odisha. Banker’s bank
Hindustan Steel Ltd. at Durgapur in National clearing House
West Bengal. Controller of credit
Bokaro Steel Plant at Bokaro in Custodian of Foreign Exchange
Jharkhand. Reserves
Promotion of banking habits
5. Mention the uses of Aluminum. 4. RBI works as a Government Bank.
Manufacture of Aeroplanes Justify.
Manufacture of Ships Accepts the deposits of the
Manufacture of paints Government
Manufacture of household appliances provide loan to the Governments
Manufacture of electrical cables collect money behalf of the
Used for packing also. government
Issues Government bonds and
6. What are the raw materials used in securities
paper industry? Issues Treasury bills
Bamboo Acts as financial adviser to
Soft wood Government
Sabhai grass
Babhar grass 5. Explain the credit control measures
straw of paddy used by RBI.
bagasse Bank Rate policy
cotton lint Open Market Operations
rags varying reserve requirements
Change in lending margins
7. Explain the importance of Ceiling on credit/ credit rationing
knowledge -based industries in India. Moral Suasion
Increase of national income Direct action
Job opportunities increase
Basic facilities increase 6. Explain the various measures of
increase of standard of living money supply.
foreign exchange also gains M1 = currency notes and coins + net
It helps to growth of science and demand deposits held in commercial
technology banks;
***** M2 = M1 + Savings deposits with
Post Office savings banks;
ECONOMICS M3 = M1 + Net time deposits of
Money and credit commercial banks; and
M4 = M3 + Total deposits with Post
Office savings banks.
1. Mention the states of evolution of M1 & M2 = Narrow money
money. M3 & M4 = Broad money
Barter system- goods for goods
Commodity money – teeth in China *****
Metallic money- Gold, Silver, Copper
Paper Money – Rupee in India
Bank money- Cheques

Mahadevappa Kundaragi Manjunatha S. Prashantha T K


3 and 4 mark Questions and Answers 2018-19

BUSINESS STUDIES 4 Marks Questions


Banking Transactions
THE INITIAL PROTESTS OF GANDHIJI
1. What are the functions/ services/ Gandhiji guided by Gokhale
advantages of opening bank account/ Toured entire India to understand
Characteristics of banks. real India
Accepting deposits He understood the problems of
Lending loans farmers, Daliths, workers, labourers
Transferring money Established Sabarmathi
Collect money Launched Champaranya movement
Discounting bills Started movement in support of the
Hiring safe deposit lockers mill workers
Gandhiji protested for the farmers in
2. What are the services offered by Kheda
post offices/ The Post offices Gandhiji used truth, Satyagraha and
providing various financial services. non- violence
Justify.
Post Office Savings Bank, CIVIL DISOBEDIENCE MOVEMENT OR SALT
Issue of National Savings Certificate, SATYAGRAHA
Kissan Vikas Patra, Authorized Gandhiji to hold ‘’Civil
Monthly Recurring deposits, Disobedience Protest Marches
Postal Life Insurance, The congress met at Sabarmathi
Pension payment, Ashram and passed resolution
Money transfer Gandhi wrote a letter to the Viceroy
demanding eleven points
3. Describe the procedures to open a Gandhiji declared that the
bank account. government does not accept this
Decide the type of account which you demand he would start Civil
want to open disobedience movement
Approach the bank of your choice and When demands were rejected
meet its office movement was started from
Fill up the Bank account form or Sabarmathi Ashram
proposal form Gandhiji broke the law of salt at
Give reference for opening your Bank Dandi
account The British arrested many leaders
Submit the Bank account form duly including Gandhiji.
filled In order to facilitate the leaders to
The officer will verify all the participate in the round table
particulars submitted conference they were released.
The initialamount is deposited in the
bank through challan
NON-COOPERATIVE MOVEMENT
Gandhiji gave a call to the non-
4. Mention the differences between
cooperative movement in 1920
saving account and current account.
Many Indians supported this
movement
Savings bank Current
Many Lawyers sacrificed their law
account accounts
career
Encourages savings Encourages Boycotting schools,colleges and
trade courts
Advantages to Advantages to Boycotting elections
students, traders Started National Schools
employees & Boycotting all foreign goods
pensioners The violence of Chowri-Chowra
Give interest on Collect service Gandhiji withdrew the movement.
deposits charges

*****

Mahadevappa Kundaragi Manjunatha S. Prashantha T K


3 and 4 mark Questions and Answers 2018-19

QUIT INDIA MOVEMENT MODERATES


Gandhiji called for “Quit India” Moderate age – the first 20 years of
movement in 1942 the beginning of INC
Quit India movement declared Ranade, Gokhale, Navaroji were
“British, Quit India” prominent
Gandhiji gave call to the fellow Trusted in British administration
Indians “Do or Die” Placed their requests before govt
The British arrested national leaders Taught people about political
Jayaprakash Narayan took leadership situations
of the movement Their demands were:
Many native rulers worked infavour of Development of industries
the British. Reduction of military expenses
Muslim League did not support the Improvement of education
movement. Forced to study about poverty
The British suppressed the movement
EXTREMISTS
DR. B. R AMBEDKAR (BALAGANGADHARA TILAK)
Advocate social and economic Tilak was prominent extreemist leader
freedom Unhappy with the moderates
He fought against the caste system Opposed the partition of Bengal
He organized Mahar &Kalaram Started the Swadeshi movement
Movement. Started religious functions
He established independent labour Started ‘Kesari’ and ‘Maratha’
party newspaper
He started journals such as Janata, Encouraged to use Indian goods
Mookanayaka Declared: “Swaraj is my birthright
He presided over the drafting and I will get it at any cost”
committee of the Constitution Imprisoned for his revolutionary
He provided reservation for the writings
exploits.
He was awarded “BharathaRathna” FARMERS AND LABOURS PROTESTS
Played a prominent role
JAWAHAR LAL NEHRU Revolted against landlords and
First Prime minister of India Europeans
He helped to merge princely states Refused to grow indigo crop
with Indian union Opposed the land tax
He designed Indian foreign policy Revolted against low wages
He implemented Five Year Plan Revolted against Razaks
He implemented irrigation projects Merged their problems with other
He followed mixed economy movements
He implemented rural development The Congress supported them
programs
He established many industries
THE TRIBAL MOVEMENT
Revolted against the Tax and Forest
SUBHAS CHANDRA BOSE Act
The most prominent revolutionary Santalas revolt and Munda
Established ‘The Congress Socialist movements are prominent
Party’ with Nehru The Halagalihunter’s rebellion in
Established ‘Forward Block Party’ Karnataka
Became the leader of INA Opposed permanent landlord system
Elected as the president of the Many communities became destitute
Congress The company exploited secret
Joined hands with Hitler meetings
Joined hands with Ras Bihari Bose The rioters killed their enemies
Gave call to ‘Delhi Chalo’ Many landlords ran away
Urged the Indians ‘Give me blood, I Many riots were arrested
will give you freedom’

Mahadevappa Kundaragi Manjunatha S. Prashantha T K