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Mexico in the city of Tenochtitlan.
In 1915 Cortes went off in search of treasure along the coast of Mexico with a small army. when Montezuma heard of this he sent spies to see about this strange boat that was spotted when they reported back it was said that “we must tell you that we saw a house in the water , out or which came white men, with white hands and faces and very long, bushy beards , clothes of every color : white , yellow , red , green , blue, and purple , and on their heads they wore round hats “. Which the Aztec weren’t use to this they had never seen this before. The Aztecs were dislike by many groups because the demanded heavy tribute, so they decided to make an agreement with Cortes. The Aztec had never seen horses before so when they saw Cortes and his 500 soldiers and 16 horses they described them as “supernatural creatures riding on hornless deer, armed in iron, fearless as gods”. After deciding to surrender to Spain with several months of peace that didn’t last long the Spanish killed some Aztecs. The Aztecs started to fight back against the Spanish Montezuma was killed and Cortes and his army barely escaped. Along with the Aztecs enemies Cortes surrounded and attacked Tenochtitlan. In 1521 the Aztecs surrendered but 240,000 Aztecs had died and 30,000 of Cortes allies were also killed. “Montezuma, believing the Spanish to be descendants of the god Quetzalcoatl, tried to persuade them to leave by offering rich gifts. That failing, he received them in his splendid court at Tenochtitlan in Nov., 1519. Cortes later seized him as a hostage and attempted to govern through him. In June, 1520, the Aztec rose against the Spanish. Montezuma was killed, although whether by the Spanish or the Aztec is not certain. His successor died a few months later and was replaced by Cuauhtémoc. Montezuma's name is linked by a legend to fabulous treasures that the Spanish appropriated and
presumably lost at sea. Bibliography”
The Spanish brought technology that the Aztec were not use to and they came on boats and had armor and guns and some rode on horses. They also could better educate them because they had better writing skills. They gained allies because they were starting to take over and they were making large amounts of money so the Montezuma started to tax heavily. People wanted to join powerful looking army Cortes promised them rank. “The Spanish landed upon the shores of Meso-America in February of the year 1519, in the area of Vera Cruz. By November of that year, the Spanish fleet, commanded by Hernando Cortez, entered into Tenochtitlan and simply arrested the Emperor of the Aztec, Montezuma. Within the time span of two years, Cortez dismantled the Aztec monarchy and gained control of all of Tenochtitlan, and many of its surrounding territories.”
The Spanish brought diseases that the Aztec never encounters before such as small pox, the measles, and the chicken pox. The small pox kills 2 thirds of the Native American population.” Another major effect of European expansion was the transmittance of new diseases all over the globe killing populations of people. Europe had a very densely populated society where crowding diseases were prevalent. Also, Europe was one of the first areas where animals, carrying a slew of different diseases, were domesticated (Ponting 225-226). People that lived in the European societies may have built up the immunity necessary for survival; however, people on the opposite side of the world, such as the Aztecs, did not have resistance to these diseases and when exposed died at a frighteningly rapid pace. Mesoamerican civilizations, such as the Aztecs, and European nations, such as Cortes and Spain, had very different exploration and expansion mentalities that were directly related to their own environment and culture. The Aztecs mostly conquered territories and resided there, making them as prosperous and rich as possible.”
Bibliography: websites/ Google, Spanish conquest, The Aztec culture