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May 30, 2019

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How to Calculate Beam Connection

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How to Calculate Beam Connection

© All Rights Reserved

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1. General

-100% shear and 100% axial (static)

If the connection capacity carry the design load, then PASSED.

Step 2. CLASSIFY whether “Baem” or “Bracing system elements”

N M1 M2 N

Using + + = r < 1 and > 0.3r

Na M 1a M 2a Na

As commented by S/R, the beam members that attach guide post are connected using “full

tension capacity”

check the connection capacity using following design load,

75% shear and 75% axial (static + modal)

check the connection capacity using follwing design load,

75% shear and 75% axial (static + 2.5modal)

Cilp Angle Type : check the connection with 3.98 ton(Double Angle Capacity)

(Ref. “Calculation of Clip Angle(L100X100X10) capacity with prying effect”)

Shear Connection type : check the connection with 4.54 ton(Bolt Shear Capacity)

check the connection capacity using follwing design load,

the Load Capacity coming form Guide Poster

2. Reinforcement

For Type 2, 20, 200, 2000, 50, 500 : the design load is Max force from analysis

(including 2.5 times modal load)

For Type 3 : angle capacity increased 4ton / bolt(Refer to Angle Capacity of Type 3)

For Type 30 : angle capacity increase 6.5ton/bolt (Refer to Angle Capacity of Type 30)

For Type Special : the design load is Max force form analysis

(including 2.5 times modal load)

(Ref. “REINFORCEMENT OF BEAM CONNECTION”,

Consider the interference with others(Brace, Handrail and grating etc.) and choose the

Proper reinforcement plate type in the sketch “REINFORCEMENT OF BEAM

CONNECTION”. )

Step 1. Calculate Design force using the Load Capacity coming form Guide Poster

Step 2. Calcuate the required minimum strength of reinforcement connection

Step 3. Select Reinforcement Type

Step 4. Check plate and weld capacity reinforced

Calculation of Clip Angle(L100X100X10) capacity with prying effect

(AISC 13th Edition)

t = 10mm (Angle Thickness)

a = 45mm

b = 50mm

a’ = 56mm

b’ = 39mm

d’ = 24mm

d = 22mm

Ω =2

FuA325 = 120ksi

0.75 * FuA325 * Ab

1) B = = 118kN

Ω

d' 24

2) δ = 1 − = 1− = 0.68

p 75

b'

ρ= = 0.696

a'

6.66 ⋅ B ⋅ b'

3) t c = = 32mm

P ⋅ Fu

1 ⎡⎛ t c ⎞ 2 ⎤

4) α ' = ⎢⎜ ⎟ − 1⎥ = 7.91

δ (1 + ρ ) ⎢⎣⎝ t ⎠ ⎥⎦

⎡⎛ t ⎞

2

⎤

6) Q = ⎢⎜⎜ ⎟⎟ ⎥ (1 + δ ) = 0.17

⎢⎣⎝ t c ⎠ ⎥⎦

Angle Capacity of Type 3

LINE

a

PATTERN

Yield Line

P THE Pattern

MIDDLE b

1

<ANGLE TYPE 2

3>

SEGMENTS 1

Mp

Mp b

α M p ×b − M p × × cos α × 2 = 0 EQUILIBRIOM Æ

2 cos α

OK

Mp

Virtual Works

b 1

×

2 cos α

a b

δ 2δ

θ1 = = 2δ

θ1

a a θ1 =

θ2 b

δ 2 δ

Mp Mp

SEGMENTS 1 SEGMENTS 2

2δ 2δ 2δ 2δ

δwint = ( M p × b × + M p × b × ) + (M p × a × + M p ×a× )

a a b b

b a

p × δ = 4 M pδ ( + ) (δ ≠ 0)

a b

b a b = 75mm

pv = 4 M p × ( + ) ∴ p = 8.13( M p )

a b a = 90mm

YIELD STRESS FY = 250 MPa Ω = 1.67

10 2 1

Pa = 8.13 × 250 × × = 30.4 KN ≈ 3ton

4 1.67

STRESS

10 2 1

Pa = 8.13 × 400 × × = 40.6 KN ≈ 4ton

4 2.0

Angle Capacity of Type 30

LINE

b

PATTERN

Yield Line

P THE a Pattern

a 2

MIDDLE

THREE

1 3

a SEGMENTS

<ANGLE TYPE 2 2

30>

b b

2 2

SEGMENTS 1&3

Mp

b θ

δ a δ a δ

2 Mp δwint = ( M p × a × ) + ( M p × × cos θ × ) + ( M p × × )

b b 2 cos θ b 2 b

Mp 2 sin θ 2 2 2

θ

SEGMENTS 2

Mp

δ b δ

δwint = ( M p × b × ) + ( M p × × cos θ × ) × 2

b θ a 2 cos θ a

Mp 2 2 2

Mp

⎧ 2δ a 2δ a 2δ ⎫ ⎧ 2δ b 2δ ⎫

∑ δw int = 2 × ⎨( M p × a × ) + ( M p × × ) + ( M p × × )⎬ + ⎨( M p × b × ) + ( M p × ×

⎩ b 2 b 2 b ⎭ ⎩ a 2 a

× 2)⎬

⎭

a 4b

= δM p ( + )

b a

δwint = δwext

4 M p 2a b 4 × 400 ×10 2 2 × 90 75

Pa = ( + )= ( + )

Ω b a 2.0 × 4 75 90

= 64.7 KN ≈ 6.5ton

bolt.

Yield Lines Procedure to Determine Connection Capacity per Bolt

SOLUTION TYPE

BENDING IN REO

STIFFENER / FLANGE

BEAM

VERIFIED TO CARRY

WEB

THE SHEAR FORCE

Reo Plate

Stiffener

STIFFENER / FLANGE

IF REQUIRED

b

1 L

2

2 θ

b δ

3 2

δ

KINEMATIC ∴θ =

L

a a

2 2

SECTION 1 &

3 α

Mp

INTERNAL WORK SECTION 1 & 3

b α

2 Mp δ a a

b δwint = 2 × × (M p × a + M p × + M p cos α )

b 2 2 cos α

Mp 2 sin α 2

a a

2 2

Mp INTERNAL WORK SECTION 2

β a b

Mp δwint = δ × ( M p × b + 2 × M p cos β )

2 2 cos β

Mp

EXTENAL δwext = p × δ

WORK

4a 2a 2a 2b 2b

FINALLY δwint = δwint(sec1&3) + δwint(sec 2 ) = M pδ ( + + + + )

b b b a a

2a b

= 4 M pδ ( + )

b a

2a b

∴ δwint = δwext 4 M pδ ( + ) = pδ

b a

2a b

p = 4M p ( + )

b a

APPYING SAFETY

FACTOR

p 4 M p 2a b

× ( + ) > pD (NO REDUCED BY

Ω Ω b a

1.33)

IN TERMS OF “t”

2

4 Fy t 2a b p D = panalysis

× ×( + ) >

Ω 4 b a

Ω × panalysis

t= REQUIRED THICKNESS OF PLATE

2a b

Fy ( + )

b a

p p p p

STIFFENER DESIGN

P p P P p P

2 2 2 2

GOVERN

STIFFENE S

4 M p 2a b

p= ( + ) R

> WELD (0.3Fexx × 0.707 × s × Lw × 2)

Ω b a

STRENGTH

L

(BOTH SIDES)

S

s t s

2

d =t + ×s (LEVER ARM)

3

m

Mp Fy t 2

M= = (ALLOWABLE BENDING MOMENT)

Ω 4Ω

d

p p

2

M Fy t 1

p= = ×

d 4Ω (t + 2 δ )

3

R2

R2 R1

R1

θ θ

p p

∑F =0

∑ FH = 0

V

R1 sin θ − R2 sin θ = P

R1 cos θ − R2 cos θ = P 2 × R × sin θ = P

R1 = R2 = R P

2×R = P R1 = R2 = R =

2

R1 R2

σ= z=

0.707 s 0.707 s

f = σ 2 + z2 ≤ 0.3F exx

R R ≤ 0.3F exx

( )2 + ( )2

0.707 s 0.707 s

p p

( )2 + ( )2 ≤ 0.3F exx

2 × 0.707 s 2 × 0.707 s

2× p

≤ 0.3F exx

s

2× p

2

2 Fy t 1 ≤ 0.3F exx

= × ×

s s 4Ω (t + 2 s )

3

2 × Fy × t 2 1 2× s2

× ≤ + st

4× Ω 0.3Fexx 3

2× s2 2 × Fy × t 2

+ st − =0 (*)

3 4 × Ω × 0.3Fexx

− b ± b 2 − 4ac

ax + bx + c = 0

2

x=

2a

2

2 2 Fy t

− t + t2 + 4× × ×

3 4 Ω0.3Fexx

∴s =

2

2×

3

2

2 2 Fy t

−t + t + ×2

×

3 Ω Ω0.3Fexx

=

4

3

3t 2 2 Fy

2 2 Fy s= ( 1+ − 1)

− t + t 1+ 4 0.9ΩFexx

0.9ΩFexx

=

4 (Ω = 1.67)

3

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