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Trisha Mae L.

Jaspe 12-Newton

ESPANYA Y FILIPINAS
Juan Luna

Espanya Y Filipinas presents the relationship between Spain and the Philippines. In this figure,
Spain is represented by the female figure pointing towards a radiant dawn while the Philippines
is represented by the female figure in the left. It showcases the progress that will be benefited
by the Philippines with the guidance of Spain.

In the painting we can see parallel lines illustrated by the stairs. Parallel lines show movement
or going forward. This means that the Philippines will go forward or progress as they go beyond
with Spanish colonialism. This is also illustrated by the stairs which is a form or a 3-dimensional
figure in the elements of art. Lastly, there are various colors in the painting. As you can see, the
color is vague, not so bright and not so dark. This illustrates the innocence and neutral feeling of
the Filipinos who knew nothing about the Spanish Colonialism. Moreover, we can observe that
the skin tone of the two females is different. The female wearing a blue dress has a darker
complexion than the female wearing a red dress which means that the female with the blue
dress is a Filipina while the other one is Spanish. Also, we can see that the female at the left
side is pointing towards a radiant light which is the brightest part in the background. This shows
the bright future waiting for the Philippines if they will follow the Spanish footsteps.

References:
https://www.nationalgallery.sg/artworks/artwork-detail/2014-00293/espa%C3%B1a-y-filipinas-
spain-and-the-philippines
https://artsandculture.google.com/exhibit/juan-luna-spain-and-the-philippines/YwISJZ8y-uKSIw
Trisha Mae L. Jaspe 12-Newton

PISTA SA OBANDO
Aris Bagtas

This painting represents the Feast in Obando. Bagtas is part of the Filipinism art movement. He
aims to show the identity of the Philippines with neo realism style in painting showcasing the
culture and tradition of the different places here in the Philippines.

There many shapes that can be seen in the picture. This shows festivity and happiness. This
clearly illustrates how Filipinos celebrate their culture and tradition. Also, forms or 3-dimensional
figures can be observed in the painting. This makes the painting more realistic and creative. We
can be able to understand and visualize the happenings in the picture just by looking at it
without any words accompanying it.

References:
http://www.macuha-artgallery.com/blog/aris-bagtas-collection/
http://www.choosephilippines.com/do/history-and-culture/1538/obando-bulacan-fertility-rites

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