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Juvenile Schizophrenia CURE SCHIZO 2019

What is it? Juvenile


schizophrenia is a chronic
psychotic disorder that is
characterized by symptoms
such as: hallucinations,
delusions and anhedonia
(Bartlett, 2014). This disorder
results in deregulation of a
child’s emotions and behaviour
(Bartlett, 2014).

Pathophysiology Manifestations Management

Juvenile schizophrenia is caused by The symptoms can be categorized The best prognosis for juvenile
genetic and environmental factors. into positive or negative schizophrenia occurs with early
Genetic factors refer to hereditary symptoms (Bartlett, 2014). detection and treatment
traits that are taken from the Positive symptoms are those (Canadian Mental Health
parents, which are uncontrollable symptoms that are additive, Association, 2019). Those with
(Bartlett, 2014). Environmental meaning they are found in those known risk factors should look
factors refer to the circumstances with the disorder, but not within out for early manifestations of
we live through, which is the normal population. Negative schizophrenia, which include:
controllable. Examples of genetic symptoms are those symptoms confused thoughts, sudden bizarre
factors that contribute to that are deductive, meaning they changes in emotion, suspicion
schizophrenia include: chemical are taken away in those with the that is not warranted, withdrawal
imbalances or brain structure disorder in comparison to the from others and difficulty
changes. Examples of environmental normal population. An example speaking (Canadian Mental Health
factors include: childhood neglect of a positive symptom is a Association, 2019).
(Bartlett, 2014). hallucination, whereas a negative
symptom is a lack of emotion Possible options surrounding
Risk factors (Schizophrenia Society of schizophrenia treatment can be
Ontario, 2019). used in combination: second
• Prenatal infections generation antipsychotic drugs,
(Bartlett, 2014) Key Terms family therapy, individual therapy
• Paternal age of 30 or over Hallucinations – perception of and specialized programs
at the time of conception something that is not present (Bartlett, 2014). Resources
(Bartlett, 2014) (Bartlett, 2014) regarding these programs can be
• Too many or too few neural Delusions – fixed belief found through referrals from
regardless of contradicting health care providers, online
connections (Bartlett,
2014) evidence (Bartlett, 2014) websites or local community
Anhedonia – lack of pleasure services.
(Bartlett, 2014)
Additional Resources
1. Schizophrenia Society of Ontario (SSO) at https://www.schizophrenia.on.ca/

2. Canadian Mental Health Association (CMHA)


at https://toronto.cmha.ca/documents/schizophrenia/