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Scholarly Research Journal for Interdisciplinary Studies,

Online ISSN 2278-8808, SJIF 2018 = 6.371, www.srjis.com


PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL, MAR-APR, 2019, VOL- 6/50
ljxqtk ftys ds mjkWo efgykvksa rFkk cPpksa esa dqiks"k.k ,oa LokLF; dk fo'ys"k.kkRed
v/;;u

rIpk ;kno, Ph. D. & 'kckuk ijohu

funsZf'kdk foHkkx lektdk;Z foHkkx] MkW- lh- oh- jeu fo'ofo|ky;] djxh jksM+ dksVk fcykliqj
¼N-x-½
'kks/kkFkhZ ih,pMh LdkWyj] MkW- lh- oh- jeu fo'ofo|ky;] djxh jksM+ dksVk fcykliqj ¼N-x-½

Abstract

dqiks"k.k dh leL;k vkt vUrjkZ"Vªh; Lrj dh leL;k gS tks fodkl'khy Hkkjr ds xzkeh.k ifjos'k eas vkSj Hkh
vf/kd xaHkhj rFkk O;kid gS ftlds cpko ds fy, vUrjkZ"Vªh; rFkk jk"Vªh; Lrjks ij ljdkjh] xSj ljdkjh
LoSfPNd vfHkdj.kksa }kjk fofHkUu ;kstukvksa ifj;kstukvksa ,oa dk;ZØeksa ds fØ;kUo;u }kjk leL;k lek/kku
ds fy, lrr~ iz;kl fd;s tk jgs gS rkfd bl leL;k ls NqVdkjk ik;k tk ldsaA

Scholarly Research Journal is licensed Based on a work at www.srjis.com

izLrkouk %&
Hkkjr dh tula[;k dk dqN Hkkx ?kus taxyksa igkfM+;ksa rFkk ?kfV;ksa eas fuokljr~ gS
budh lkekftd] vkfFkZd] 'kS{kf.kd rFkk LokLF; laca/kh fodkl dh fLFkfr vU; lektksa dh rqyuk esa
dkQh detksj gS tulkekU; bUgsa vkfnoklh tutkfr] ouoklh vkfne tkfr] oU; tkfr vkfn ukeks

fd;k gS vr% tutkrh; lekt ds dqIkks"k.k ,oa LokLF; leL;kvksa ij v/;;u dj fujkdj.k djuk
vfr vko';d gS mjkao efgykvksa rFkk cPpksa ds dqiks"k.k o LokLF; dh fLFkfr vkSj Hkh n;uh; gSA
v/;;u {ks+ = %&
mjkWo efgykvksa ,oa cPpksa esa dqiks"k.k ,oa LokLF; leL;k,¡ rFkk muls lacaf/kr fodkl
;kstukvksa ds izHkko dk ewY;kadu lkekftd vuqla/kku dk egRoiw.kZ pj.k gS 'kks/kkFkhZ ds }kjk leL;k,¡
rFkk muls lacaf/kr fodkl ;kstukvksa ds izHkko dk v/;;u fujkdj.k fd, x, gS ljxqtk ftys ds
pkj fodkl[k.M yq.Mªk] y[kuiqj] lhrkiqj] /kkSjiqj] ds vUrxZr 16 xzke iapk;r dk v/;;u fd;k
tk,xk bl fodkl[k.M es v/;;u ds fy, funsZ'ku] voyksdu] lk{kkRdkj] vuqlwph] O;fDRkxr
v/;;u rFkk vU; i/nfr;ksa ls fd;k tkosxkA
efgyk lwpuknkf=;ksa ds O;fDrxr xgu iwNrkN rFkk lk{kkRdkjksa ls izkIr izkFkfed tkudkjh ij
rkfydk ua- ¼1½ laf{kIr izdkl Mkyrh gSA
Copyright © 2017, Scholarly Research Journal for Interdisciplinary Studies
MkW- rIpk ;kno & 'kckuk ijohu 12097
(Pg. 12096-12100)

rkfydk Ø- 01
loZsf{kr ifjokjksa esa jksxksa ds mipkj gsrq nh tkus okyh izkFkfedrk

ifjokj
Øekad mipkj
la[;k izfr'kr
1 mipkj ugha 20 9%
2 ?kjsyq mipkj 15 7%
3 >kM+Qqd 70 33%
4 vk/kqfud fpfdRlk 53 25%
5 nsoh nsork 15 7%
6 ijEijkxr oS?k 20 9%
8 vk/kqfud oS?k 20 9%

;ksx 213 100

35% 33%
mipkj
30%
25%
25%

20%
15%
9% 9% 9%
10% 7% 7%
5% izfr'kr
0%

mi;qZDr rkfydk ls Li"V gS fd losZf{kr ifjokj esa 33 izfr'kr ifjokj mipkj gsrq >kM+Qwd djrs gS
25 izfr'kr ifjokj vk/kqfud fpfdRlk }kjk mipkj djrs gS rFkk 7 izfr'kr ifjokj nsoh nsork o
?kjsyq mipkj djkrs gS ,oa 9 izfr'kr ifjokj ijEijkxr oS?k] vk/kqufd oS?k vkSj 9 izfr'kr ifjokj
mipkj ugha djk ikrs gSA

Copyright © 2017, Scholarly Research Journal for Interdisciplinary Studies


MkW- rIpk ;kno & 'kckuk ijohu 12098
(Pg. 12096-12100)

rkfydk Ø- 02
loZsf{kr ifjokjksa esa efgykvksa ls lacaf/kr jksxksa dh fLFkfr

L=h
Øekad chekjh dk uke
la[;k izfr'kr
1 ekgokjh dh leL;k 25 5%
2 osr iznj 22 4%
3 izlo ds ckn dej nnZ 22 4%
4 ;ksx tuukaxksa 26 5%
5 is'kkc tyu 50 10%
6 efgyk laca/kh jksx 145 30%
7 fujksxh 200 41%

;ksx 490 100

45%
chekjh 41%
40%
35%
30%
30%
25%
20%
15%
10% izfr'kr
10%
5% 4% 4% 5%
5%
0%

ekgokjh 'osr iznj izlo ds ;ksx is'kkc efgyk fujksxh


dh ckn dej tuukaxksa tyu lac/a kh
leL;k nnZ jksx

mi;ZqDr rkfydk ls Li"V gS fd losZf{kr efgykvksa esa ls 30 izfr'kr efgykvksa dks efgykvksa ls
lacaf/kr jksx gS tcfd 41 izfr'kr efgyk,¡ fujksxh gS jksxh xzLr efgykvksa esa lokZf/kr 10 izfr'kr
efgyk,¡ is'kkc ls tyu ds jksx ls rFkk U;wure 4 izfr'kr efgyk,¡ 'osr iznj ,oa izlo ls dej nnZ
ds jksx ls ihfM+r ik;h xbZA

Copyright © 2017, Scholarly Research Journal for Interdisciplinary Studies


MkW- rIpk ;kno & 'kckuk ijohu 12099
(Pg. 12096-12100)

rkfydk Ø- 03
loZsf{kr ifjokjksa ds LokLF; dh fLFkfr
ifjokj
Øekad LoLF; dh fLFkfr
la[;k izfr'kr
1 iw.kZ LoLF; 16 5%
2 70% LoLF; 70% vLoLF; 35 11%
3 50% LoLF; 50% vLoLF; 45 14%
4 40% LoLF; 60% vLoLF; 61 19%
5 30% LoLF; 70% vLoLF; 135 42%
6 iw.kZ vLoLF; 28 9%
;ksx 320 100

45%
LoLF; dh fLFkfr 42%
40%
35%
30%
25%
19%
20%
14%
15%
11% izfr'kr
9%
10%
5%
5%
0%

iw.kZ LoLF; 70% LoLF; 50% LoLF; 40% LoLF; 30% LoLF; iw.kZ
70% 50% 60% 70% vLoLF;
vLoLF; vLoLF; vLoLF; vLoLF;

mi;ZqDr rkfydk ls Li"V gS fd losZf'kr mjkao ifjokj esa 5 izfr'kr ifjokj iwoZ
LoLFk ik;s x;s 11 izfr'kr ifjokj esa 70 izfr'kr LokLF; 30 izfr'kr vLokLF; ik;s x;s rRi'pkr~
14 izfr'kr ifjokjksa esa 50 LoLFk rFkk 50 vLoLFk rFkk 19 izfr'kr ifjokjksa esa 40 izfr'kr LoLFk 60
izfr'kr vLoLFk ik;s x;s 42 izfr'kr ifjokjksa esa 30 izfr'kr LokLF; ,oa 70 izfr'kr vLokLF; ik;s
x;s rFkk 9 izfr'kr ifjokj ds lnL; iw.kZ vLokLF; ik;s x;sA
Copyright © 2017, Scholarly Research Journal for Interdisciplinary Studies
MkW- rIpk ;kno & 'kckuk ijohu 12100
(Pg. 12096-12100)

'kks/k v/;;u ls izkIr izkFkfed rF;ksa ds vuqlkj ijh{k.k gsrq fufeZr dh x;h
ifjdYiukvksa ds laca/k esa lR;rk rFkk lkFkZdrk lac/a kh fu"d"kZ bl izdkj gS %&
1- ;g ifjdYiuk lR; rFkk lkFkZd ikbZ x;h fd xzkeh.k tula[;k esa dqiks"k.k dh leL;k ds
fy, fu/kZurk rFkk leqfpr Kku dk vHkko gksuk ewy dkj.k gSA
2- ;g ifjdYiuk Hkh lR; ,oa lkFkZd ik;h x;h fd cPpksa esa dqiks"k.k ds fy, ,dek=
jnk;h dkj.k xHkZorh ekrkvksa dks ikSf"Vd iwjd rFkk lUrqfyr vkgkj u feyuk gSA
3- ;g ifjdYiuk Hkh lR; rFkk lkFkZd fl) gqbZ gS fd cPpksa ds 'kkjhfjd ,oa ekufld fodkl
ij dqiks"k.k dk izR;{k rFkk xgjk nq"izHkko iM+rk gSA
4- ;g ifjdYiuk Hkh lR; rFkk lkFkZd ik;h x;h gS fd dqiks"k.k ds fy, fuEu Lrj dk thou
;kiu dqiks"k.k ds fy;s fTkEesnkj dkj.k gSA
lanHkZ xzaFk %&
vkR;Z lsu ¼2000½ Hkkjr esa xjhch ifjn`"; vkWDlQksMZ ;wfuoflZVh
iszl yanuA
vjksjk lUrks"k ¼2014½ ikiqys'ku ,.M ,stqds'ku izkWCkYkEl bu bafM;k
bdksukWfde ohdsyh fnYYkh fnlEcj 2014A
bUnkSfy;k j?kqohj ¼2010½ xzkeh.k Hkkjr esa dqiks"k.k leL;k ,oa lek/kku
fjlpZ ifCYkdslUlA
tQ:y bLyke ¼2015½ vyhx<+ uxj dh efyu cfLr;ksa esa dqiks"k.k dh
leL;k dk lekt'kkL=h; v/;;uA
'kekZ lanhi igkM+h dksjok tutkfr;ksa dk lkekftd thouA
'kqDyk ,l
ifCYkdslUl gkml ubZ fnYyhA

Copyright © 2017, Scholarly Research Journal for Interdisciplinary Studies