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THE LIVED EXPERIENCE OF CRIMINOLOGY STUDENTS DURING THEIR

ROTC

A Research Study Presented


To the Faculty of the Basic Education Department
Colegio de San Antonio de Padua
Guinsay, Danao City

In Partial fulfillment of the Requirements


Of the Practical Research 1

By:

Bardago, Jan Jay


Ceniza, Jannine D.
Gaco, Jaymart

Fatima Lhyn Mandolado


Research Mentor

May 2019
TABLE OF CONTENTS

COVER PAGE

APPROVAL SHEETA i

APPROVAL SHEET B ii

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT iii

DEDICATION iv

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Chapter I: BACKGROUN AND ITS SETTINGS

Introduction 1

Statement of the Problem 3

Review of Related Literature 4

Review of Related Studies 7

Statement of Objectives 10

Significance of the Study 10

Scope and Limitation of the Study 10

Chapter II: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

Research Design 12
Research Environment 12

Participants 12

Data Collection and Procedures

Self-awareness 13

Bracketing 14

Informed Consent 14

Member Checking 14

Triangulation Method 15

Ethical Consideration 16

Rigor of the Study 16

Method of Data Analysis 16

Extraction of Significant Statements 18

Formulation of Core Meanings 20

Development of Cluster Themes 24

Formulation of Emergent Themes 29

Integration of Result into Exhaustive Description of Phenomenon 31

BIBLIOGRAPHY 32
APPENDIX

Appendix A: Transmittal Letter 35

Appendix B: Informed Consent 36

Appendix C: Guide Question 38

Appendix D: Sample Transcript 40

CURRICULUM VITAE 47
APPROVAL SHEET A
The research study entitled “THE LIVEDEXPERIENCE OF
CRIMINOLOGY STUDENTS DURING THEIR ROTC” prepared by Bardago,
Jan Jay, Ceniza, Jannine D., Gaco, Jaymart, is hereby submitted to the Research
Committee for Pre-oral as partial fulfillment of the requirements of the course
Practical Research 1 – Qualitative Research.

Fatima LhynMandolado
Research Mentor
APPROVAL SHEET B
This research study entitled prepared “THE LIVEDEXPERIENCE OF
STUDENTS IN CRIMINOLOGY DURING THEIR ROTC” by Bardago, Jan Jay,
Ceniza, Jannine D., Gaco, Jaymart, Medio, Jona May is hereby submitted to the
Research Committe for the evaluation as partial fulfillment of the requirements of
the course Practical Research 1 and is recommended for acceptance and
approval or oral examination.

RESEARCH COMMITTE

FATIMA LHYN MANDOLADO


Research Mentor

Mrs. Jenny M. Perez Mr. AljandeForzado

Mr. Richard Ramos

The research Committee has accepted this Research study in partial fulfillment of
the requirements of the course Practical Research 1: Qualitative Research with
grade of PASSED, during the Pre-Oral and Final Defense.

MAY 20, 2019 NERISSA S. REMARCA, M.A. Ed.

Date of Examination Principal, SHS Department


ACKNOWLEDEGEMNET
The effort would have come to naught the loving guidance and steadfast from
God Almighty, and it would not have come into reality without the constant
encouragement and support of the following persons:

To Ms. Fatima Lhyn Mandolado, Adviser, who has heartedly exhibited the
faculties of a mentor through expertise in improving the quality of this research,
and the kindred spirit to motivate us to finish this work;

To the assistant principals of each school, for giving all the data that we
need in our study;

To our friends, Daot, Lyn, for their encouragements, unparallel support,


and funny thoughts;

To our family, for their undying love, care and support;

To everyone who in one way or another helped us make this possible.

We are so grateful to one and all.

RESEARCHERS
DEDICATION

To our ever dearest family

for our source of strength and unconditional love,

Our spring of happiness and consolation,

Our friends

Fountain our laughter and comfort,

our crushes and other halves

Students with depression

this work is sincerely for you!

RESEARCHERS
Chapter 1
BACKGROUND AND ITS SETTING

Introduction

This study Reserves Officers’ Training Corps (ROTC) provides an

understanding the individual participants identity, and how participants describe

their cadet experience, which can inform educators and cadet in all

organizational.

The ROTC provides a unique opportunity for students that are interested

in serving their country as well as college degree. Students that attend college

through ROTC programs learn the leadership and team-building skills necessary

to conduct missions and take command as officers in their respective military

branches. Students can enroll in the ROTC Basic Course for the first two years of

college to discern whether or not ROTC is the right path. However, the ROTC

Basic Course does not come with a scholarship. If at the end of those two years,

students decide that they want to continue with ROTC and serve in a military

branch after graduation, a scholarship may be available.

Students can enroll in the ROTC Basic Course for the first two years of

college to discern whether or not ROTC is the right path. However, the ROTC

Basic Course does not come with a scholarship. If at the end of those two years,

students decide that they want to continue with ROTC and serve in a military

branch after graduation, a scholarship may be available.


First, they say that in ROTC they will stand up under the heat of the sun

for a long time, yes they will stand under the heat of the sun, but that is part of

the training however, they will not stand up that long that will be too hazardous

for their will being.

Secondly, they say that hazing is rampant and were being conducted to

cadets in ROTC, but hazing is clearly not tolerable in the organization, how a

Cadet, a youth will empower peace and progress if they will exposed to unlawful

violence such as hazing? Third, ROTC is full of burden and hardships. These

people consider Physical Training as burden and hardships; these are only part

and parcel of their training Cadets and to be a future defender of the state.

The cadets are casted to be future leaders of our country and to be the

hope of our nature, here where some of our finest warriors are products of

ROTC. They are equipped mentally, physically, socially, and the emotionally.

They are trained to be disciplined, to build a better personality, and to overcome

weaknesses. ROTC is one good way of keeping the youth away from harmful

vices.

Lastly, ROTC cadets as part of youth sector are the hope of the nation

and one of the primary movers on empowering peace and progress of the

nation. As they come back to civilian life they are prepared to be a soldier, a

leader, and a better civilian or member in the society. They are deployed as

civilians to contribute in the development and progress of the society and nation.
Disciplined and cooperative members of the society are one of the ingredients for

the peace and progress of the nation.

This study is to generate a greater descriptive understanding how college

ROTC cadets interpret their experiences. The purpose of this study was to

describe and understand the perception of criminology students in Colegio de

San Antonio de Padua with established ROTC program.

Statement of the Problem

This researchers observe that criminology students encountered problem

during their ROTC. Thus, this study entitled: “The lived experience of

criminology students during their ROTC” aims to describe and understand

the experience of criminology students during their ROTC. The researchers seek

to understand their difficulties they encountered during their ROTC training

especially during hot weather. The researchers are also interested to know and

understand the conflict they had encountered with their commandant and with

the other cadets. Lastly, the researcher wants to know what motivate to continue

ROTC training despite the difficulties they encountered.


REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

Review of Related Literature contained studies that are similar with our

study that entitled.” The Lived Experience of Criminology Students During their

ROTC”

The research leads this author to conclude that there are differences in the

personality scales between Rare and non-ROTC students in the areas of

Autonomy, Impulse Expression, Personal Integration, Practical Outlook, and

Social Extroversion.

According to the research found, the typical ROTC cadet is from a lower

socioeconomic group than non-ROTC students, is from the South, and is not

from a large city or suburb of a city. His/her father is likely to be a business or

professional man. Minorities more than not will be cadets and if parents were

career military people there would be a good chance that the student would be a

member of a ROTC Corps. If a college student was a member of ROTC in high

school, he would be a member of ROTC in college. The ROTC member will have

also been a member of more clubs and athletic teams in· high school and will

have been elected as an officer in more associations in high school. The GPA's of

ROTC and non-ROTC students in high school and college will be the same.

On the Qmnibus Personality Inventory (OPI) the ROTC student will score

significantly higher than the non-ROTC student on the following scales: Practical

Outlook, Social Extroversion, and Practical Integration and significantly lower


than the non-ROTC students on the Autonomy and Impulse Expression scales.

In looking at the University of Richmond students as a whole (not

independent of ROTC and non-ROTC students) they are white, 52.7% consider

themselves middle of the road in political orientation, while 21. 7% feel that they

are liberal and 27% feel that they are conservative. Sixty-eight percent of the

students had a "B" average in high school while 22% were "A1' students in high

school. Eighteen percent of the students' parents make $20,000 a year or less,

20% make between $20,000- $30,000 a year, 23% make $30,000-$40,000 a

year, 12% make $40, 000-$50, 000 a year, and 27. 4 of the parents make in

excess of $50,000 a year. Forty-seven percent of the students' fathers are

businessmen, 10% are doctors, 7% Engineers, and 6% are lawyers, while the

other 30% have other means of employment. Thirty-three percent of the

beginning freshmen expect to join a fraternity or sorority while 46% of them

expect to maintain at least a "B" average at the University of Richmond. Fifty-

three percent of the total freshman classes are out of state students

(Cooperative Institute Research Program Surveys of 1977,1978,1979).

As new members join an organization, they bring with them previously-

developed skills and talents, which allow them to quickly contribute to the group.

These skills provide a social starting point, which then helps them navigate the

group entrance process, despite the normal apprehension associated with novel

social settings. Henshaw (2003) notes that newcomers gain self-confidence as

they better understand unwritten group rules and that the efforts by newcomers
to master tasks and new skill sets associated with their responsibilities moves

them from passive social recipients to active participants that gain further

confidence in their own abilities. This acquisition of technical requirements

promotes confidence through competence and provides the individual the ability

to develop referent power. With expanded social capital, individuals are more

capable of engaging within the group’s social framework and contributing to the

person-environment fit, “a state of consistency among various elements, often

between individuals and various levels of their work environment, and therefore

emphasizes the actor in interaction with the context rather than the actor or the

context independently in influencing individual behavior”

REVIEW OF RELATED STUDIES


Statement of Objectives

This study entitled “The lived experience of Criminology

Students during their ROTC” aims to describe and understand the experience

of criminology students. This study will give more information to the society and

government on how difficult being a member of ROTC training. It can also give

information to the students are aware of what is happening in our country.

Scope and Limitation of the Study

The purpose of this phenomenological qualitative study was to examine

cadet development within the college Reserve Officer Training Corps (ROTC) in

order to understand from the participating cadets’ perspectives, the cadet

development experience. This study helps to inform education administrators,

faculty, and fellow students about the importance of leadership experience,

character, and personal leader identification throughout the leader development

process. On a broader scale, the study provides insightful information to leader

developers in all fields about formal and informal cultural transmission aspects

within leader development.

Significance of the Study

This study aims to understand the live experience of criminology students

during their ROTC in Colegio de San Antonio de Padua. The result of this study

will beneficial to the following:


School Administration. It can be used by the authorities to provide further

information about the criminology students who are subject to the ROTC

program will be informed of the issues if the students are ready to undergo the

program and if the students are informed regarding ROTC.

ROTC Implementer. An Army commissioning program that trains a cadet

during his or her four years of college and then commissions him or her a 2d

lieutenant in the Philippines. Currently, all scholarship cadets must serve their

first three or four years on active duty.

Readers. This study can help to open the reader’s awareness of government

initiatives and gain knowledge about the about the Mandatory Reserve Officer

Training Corps.

Teachers. Teachers may translate the information derive from the results of this

study into effective planning and implementation of administration and

management of their classes. The result of this study are also hoped to provide

information. Also, teachers may integrate that will be used in the study in the

methodology and strategy apply especially teachers who handled ROTC (NSTP)

subject.

Researchers. This will also serve as a way for other researchers to contribute

significantly to the development of our knowledge to possess these features of

the work and to improve the reader’s understanding of how to interpret the

reader about the topic of ROTC.


Chapter 2

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

Research Design

This study utilized the qualitative method especially phenomenological

approach since it is a way of describing lived experiences as a phenomenon has

been clearly described and explained. This study comprised of the criminology

students are involved in Reserve Officers’ Training Corps at Colegio de San

Antonio de Padua. This transcendental study focused on a Husserlian emphasis

to better understand each cadets’ own description of the leader development

experience. The process helped to “bring out the essential components of the

lived experiences” of each cadet. The design of this research centered on

capturing data related to the experience that ROTC cadets have as college

students on traditional campuses. This was done through a consistent, principled,

rigorous phenomenological process that followed descriptive approach to

deriving meaning and knowledge. Within the study of the human experience,

Husserl was concerned with the discovery of meanings and essences in

knowledge. He believed that a sharp contrast exists between facts and essences,

between the real and non-real. He asserted that, “essence provides on the one

side knowledge of the essential nature of the real, on the other, in respect of the

domain left over, knowledge of the essential nature.”


Research Environment

Colegio de San Antonio de Padua is one of the private institution school in

Danao City that offers Different courses which is Bachelor of Science Criminology

The school is supervision of Ramon Durano Foundation. Even though it is a

private institution, there are some of the students choose to study in Colegio de

San Antonio de Padua De La Salle Supervised School, for them to be trained will

and to have a better future.

Participants

The study population comprised of The lived Experienced Criminology

students during their ROTC. One occurring fact across all of the participants,

despite their varied lives, was that they were deeply engaged individuals. They

were not just attending college and happened to be in ROTC, rather they were

motivated self-starters and had personal goals in which they saw ROTC as either

part of their personal plan or a way to effectively achieve their ambitions. In

order to keep the privacy of the individuals, pseudonyms have been used. Often

within qualitative studies researchers will attribute such pseudonyms based on

aspects related to the culture of the study. In keeping with that tradition and

also to reflect the nature of the study.


Data Collection and Procedure

A. Self-Awareness

Is the capacity for introspection and the ability to recognize one-self as an

individual separate from the environment and other individuals? Might quickly

assume that we are self-aware, but it is helpful to have a relative scale for

awareness. If you have ever been in an auto accident you may have experienced

everything happening in slow motion and noticed details of your thought process

and the event. This is a state of heightened awareness with practice we can

learn to engage these types of heightened states and see new opportunities for

interpretation in our thought, emotions and conversations. Having awareness

creates the opportunity to make changes in behavior and beliefs.

B. Bracketing

It is a method used in qualitative research process However, the process

through which bracketing takes place is poorly understood, in part as a result of

a shift away from its phenomenological origins The current article examines the

historical and philosophical roots of bracketing, and analyzes and tensions that

have arisen since the inception of bracketing in terms of its definition, who

brackets methods of bracketing, and its timing in the research process. It’s is

presented as two forms of researcher engagement with data and evolving

findings. The first form is the well-known identification and temporary setting

aside of the researchers assumption.


C. Informed Consent

To give informed consent, the individual concerned must have adequate

reasoning faculties and be in possession of all relevant facts. Adequate informed

consent is rooted in respecting a person’s dignity. Obtained informed consent for

a research study requires open and honest communication between the

researcher and the study participant. It is essential that the participant

understand that participating in a research study is completely voluntary they

can withdraw from the study at any time or choose not to participate.

D. Member Checking

This is when data analytic categories, interpretation and conclusions are

tested with members of those groups from whom the data were originally

obtained. This can be done both formally and informally as opportunities for

members check may arise during the normal course of observation and

conversation. Typically, member checking is viewed as a technique for

establishing to the validity of an account. Lincoln and Guba posit that is the most

crucial techniques for establishing credibility. However, this technique is

controversial.

E. Triangulation Method

In the social sciences, triangle is often used to indicate that the two (or

more) methods are used in a study in order to check the results of one and the

same subject. “The concept of triangulation is borrowed from navigational and


land surveying techniques that one can be more confident with a result if

different methods lead to the same result. Triangulation is a powerful technique

that facilitates validation of data through cross verification from the two or more

sources. In particular, it refers to the application and combinations of several

research methods in the study of the same phenomenon. Triangulation method

is used in qualitative research that involves cross-checking multiple data sources

and collection, procedures to evaluate the extent to which all evidence

converges. Qualitative analysis of text is often supplemented with other sources

of information to satisfy the principle of triangulation and increase trust in the

validity of the study’s conclusions. It would not be uncommon, for example, to

analyze transcribe interviews along with observational field notes and documents

authored by the respondents themselves.

F. Ethical Consideration

Ethical Considerations in research are critical. Ethics are the norms or

standards for conduct that distinguish between right and wrong. They help to

determine the difference between acceptable and unacceptable behaviors on the

part of the researcher. Why are ethical considerations so important in research?

The integrity reliability and validity of the research findings rely heavily on

adherence to ethical principles.

G. Rigor of the Study

Rigor in qualitative research is defined by quite the opposite set of the


criteria and is associated with being open to the data, scrupulously adhering to a

specific philosophical perspective, and thoroughness in collecting data.

Examining the data for reliability and validity assesses both the objectively and

credibility of the research.

Method of Data Analysis

Prior to describe the analytical procedure of data set, a brief description of

data collection and transcripts formation are summarized as follow. Semi-

structured, Face-to-face interviews were conducted using a prepared interview

guide. Participants were encouraged to talk freely and to tell stories using their

own words. Each interview lasted from 45 minutes to one-hour and all of them

were conducted by the main researcher. At the end of speech interview, the

researcher reminded the participants about her need for a second contact with

them via telephone calls to discuss the study findings and to make sure that the

study findings reflect their own experiences. The level of data saturation was

determined by the main researcher and by another independent researcher in a

process carried out in parallel with data collection. Then, saturation was based

on consensus between both researchers. Twenty-two participants engaged the

study. In eventual, the transcript was double-checked by the independent

researcher who has experience in qualitative research.

The following steps represent Colaizzi process for phenomenological data

analysis (cited in Sanders,2003 Specialist Carpenter,2007)


Each transcript should be read and re-read in order to obtain a general

sense about the whole content. For each transcript, significant statements that

pertain to the phenomenon under study should be extracted. These statements

must be recorded on a separate sheet noting their pages and lines numbers.

Meanings should be formulated from these significant statements. The

formulated meanings should be sorted into categories, cluster of themes and

themes. The findings of the study should be integrated into an exhaustive

description of the phenomenon under the study. The fundamental structure of

the phenomenon should be described. Finally, validation of the findings should

be sought from the research participants to compare the researches descriptive

results with their experiences.

Extraction of Significant Theme

Thematic analysis is one of the most common forms of the analysis in

qualitative research. It emphasizes pinpointing, examining and recording

patterns (or themes) within data. Themes are pattern across data sets that are

important to the description of a phenomenon and are associated to a specific

research question. The themes become the categories for analysis. Thematic

analysis is performed through the process of coding in six phases to create

established, meaningful patterns. These are familiarization with data, generating

initial code, searching for themes among codes, reviewing themes, defining and

naming themes, and producing the final report.


There are 3 significant statement extracted coming from the participant’s

answers.

Table 1: Significant Statement

Ang kalisud nga nasinati namo kay ang kainit, ang ka suwaw uguhaw. I handle

this difficulties, ge agwanta lang jud namo ang kainit, ang ka suwaw u gang

kauhaw.

(The hard thing we've experienced is that heat, the one who is swollen

and thirsty).

I don’t have any conflict because as a cadet, I obey and follow th command

came from the commandant. Para wala nay daghang yaw-yaw ug walay

daghang storya pa.

Ang akung motivates paramo continue kay ang kung pamilya and to reach my

goals.

(I'm motivates to continue with my family and to reach my goals).

Akung nakat-unan sa panahon nga panagbangi namo sa komandante kay ang

pagka disciplinadong pagkatawo.

(What I learned was that I was a disciplined person).


Formulation of Core Meanings

Systematically obtained from social research. Every chapter deals with the

beginning formulation of some a highly empirical study which at is conclusion

has a tacked-on explanation taken from the author tries to give his data a more

general sociological meaning. Then core criteria are formed for the evaluation of

qualitative research together with way sociological procedures in this area are in

contradiction with the idea of formulating a universal and systematic analysis of

the process with aim of logical formulation of methods.

Table 2: Formulated Meaning

SIGNIFICANT MEANINGS FORMULATED

MEANINGS

The hard thing we've experienced is that heat, the one It requires patience and

who is swollen and thirsty.1P1 acceptance to face the

Ang akung nasugatan nga kalisod during ROTC training difficulties in life. FM1

kay ang kainit jud sa panahon, perting sakita sa panit

kay lagi wala ka naanad ug labi na sa nawng.(The only

injured during ROTC training is the heat of the day, it is

a skin problem that you have never encountered).1P2

Ako rang ge mind set nga this is part of the

training.2P3
I don’t have any conflict because as a cadet, I obey and Following the rules and

follow the command came from the commandant.3P1 regulation can avoid

I don’t have any conflict between officers and cadets conflicts and can bring

because I follow the command of the officers.3P2 peace to people.FM2

I have no conflict with other cadets and our commander

because they have obeyed the rules and regulations of

training.3P3

I'm motivates to continue with my family and to reach Family and ambition

my goals.4P1 motivates people to

My wish is motivating me because I want to finish my keep going despite the

career.4P3 problems and obstacles

they encounter in

life.FM3

What I learned was that I was a disciplined person.5P1 ROTC training can

What I learned during my training was as a disciplined make you a responsible

person.5P3 and self-control.FM4


Development of Cluster Theme

A theme is a cluster linked categories conveying similar meanings and

usually emerge through the inductive analytical process which characterizes the

qualitative paradigm. The exploratory power of this popular technique can be

enhanced by the analyst looking previous knowledge of the research topic as

they are not guided by any preconceptions. Thus, the analyst does not have to

be an expert in the research topic. However, in order to begin analysis a

researcher must have at least some conceptual understanding to guide the

insight process.

Table 3: Clustered Themes

FORMULATED MEANINGS CLUSTER THEMES

It requires patience and acceptance to face Patience

the difficulties in life. FM1

Family and ambition motivates people to Family and obstacles

keep going despite the problems and

obstacles they encounter in life.FM3

ROTC training can make you a responsible Responsible and self-control

and self-control. FM4


Formulation of Emergent Theme

Explicit descriptions of theme discovery are rarely described in articles and

reports and if so are often regulated to appendices or footnotes. Techniques are

shared among small groups of social scientists and are often impeded by

disciplinary or epistemological boundaries. During the proposal writing phase of a

project, investigations struggle to clearly explain and justify plans for discovering

themes. This issue is particularly cogent when funding reviewers are unfamiliar

with qualitative traditions.

Table 4: Emergent Themes

FORMULATED CLUSTER THEMES EMERGENT THEMES

MEANINGS

It requires patience and Patience and Patience is the key to solve all

acceptance to face the acceptance problems. Acceptance is the

difficulties in life. FM1 lesson life teaches and the one

most important to learn.

Family and ambition Family and obstacles Family is the most important of

motivates people to anyone’s life and I want to

keep going despite the make you my most important

problems and obstacles part in this life. Obstacles is the

they encounter in key to be grateful for all in your


life.FM3 life. Because you have

strengthened to continue with

your journey.

ROTC training can Responsible Person is always try to become

make you a responsible a responsible. Because only a

and self-control. FM4 responsible person can make a

great mark in his life. And

others will follow him.

Integration of Result into Exhaustive Description of Phenomenon

The purpose of phenomenological method is to uncover the genuine

experience of the phenomenon under investigation; Colaizzi’s method consists of

seven steps. First informant’s descriptions of the experiences and read in order

to acquire a sense of the whole. After that significant statements are extracted.

Meanings are formulated from the significant statements. Formulated meanings

are organized into themes. Themes are integrated into an exhaustive description.

The essential structure of the phenomenon is formulated. And finally for

validation the informants will evaluate the result of the analysis, if it means the

same as their original experience were.


BIBLIOGRAPHY
https://www.scribd.com/document/357021617/thesis-3-3

https://www.academia.edu/37538367/THE_IMPRESSION_ON_ROTC_IMPLEMEN
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https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/83112388.pdf?fbclid=IwAR0495WLAqhjf-
MUZslonWDGNhMAiY5WIBJCEbZWjPyQXeNChVIOkwIv3PY

https://tayconnected.com/content/reserve-officers-training-corps-rotc-and-
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https://scholarship.richmond.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1872&context=mas
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APPENDICES
APPENDIX A

TRANSMITTAL LETTER TO THE PRINCIPAL

April 3, 2019
Mrs. Nerissa Remarca
Principal, Senior High School Department
Colegio de San Antonio de Padua
Ramon M. Durano Foundation Compound, Guinsay, Danao City

Dear Mrs. Remarca,

Good day!

We, the Grade 11 General Academic Strand in Colegio De San Antonio De Padua
would like to ask permission in your good office to conduct an interview on April
10,2019 in Colegio De San Antonio De Padua of our research titled: “The Lived
Experience of Criminology Students during their ROTC”. The study aims to
explore and understand the life of criminology during their ROTC.

We are looking forward for your kind consideration and favorable response.

Respectfully yours, Noted by:

Bardago, Jan Jay FATIMA LHYN MANDOLADO


Ceniza, Jannine D. Research Mentor
Gaco, Jaymart
Approved by:

NERISSA S. REMARCA
SHS, Principal
APPENDIX B.1

Informed Consent (English)

Upon signing this documents, I hereby give my consent to


voluntarily participate in the research study entitled: “The Lived Experience of
Students in Criminology during their ROTC”, to be conducted by a group of
Grade 11 General Academic Strand Students of Colegio De San Antonio De
Padua.

I am giving my consent after explained the purpose and


procedures of the study. I fully understand that:

1. I will be interviewed by the researchers for them to gather information


about my situation.
2. I will be participating a study about the life of Criminology voluntarily.
3. I can refuse my participation whenever I feel uncomfortable without
penalty.
4. I will informed about the result of the study.
5. I have right for privacy and confidentiality throughout the study.

___________________ _______________

Signature of participants Date

________________ ______________

Witness Signature Date


APPENDIX C.1

GUIDE QUESTIONS (English)

1. What difficulties had you encountered during ROTC training especially hot weather?

How did you handle those difficulties?

2. What are the worst experiences you have encountered during ROTC training? How

did you handle.

3. What are the conflict you experience between your commandant and cadets? How

did you handle to settle those conflicts?

4. What are the values that you’ve learned during your conflict with your commandants

and cadets?

5. What motivates you to continue ROTC training?


APPENDIX B.2
Informed Consent (Bisaya)

Sa pagpirma ko niining dokumento,ako naghatag sa akung kabubut-ong


pagtugot sa pagtuon na adunay utohan nga“The Lived Experience of
Students of Criminology during their ROTC”, nga pagkahimuon sa mga
estudyante sa Grade 11 nga nagkuha ug General Academic Strand sa Colegio De
San Antonio De Padua.

Ako mitugot nga human gisultian ug gi pa hibalo sa tanang detalye ug pamaagi


sa pagtuon. Ako nahibalo usab nga:

1. Kabubut-on ko ang akong pag apil sa niining pagtuon bahin sa kinabuhi sa


mga criminology.

2. Ako gapangutan-on kabahin sa akung mga kaagi aron makakuha sila ug


impormasyon kabahin sa akong sitwasyon.

3. Ako mahimong mo bawi sa akong partisipasyon ug pagtugot sa pagapil bisan


kanus-a nga walay danyos igahatag.

4. Ako angay nga pahibaluon sa resulta sa pagtuon.

5. Ako adunay katungod sa pribisya ug dili pagbutyag sa uban sa bisan unsang


impormasyon nga atong mahatag para sa pagtuon.

_________________ _______________

Pirma sa Partisipante Petsa

_________________ _______________

Pirma sa Saksi Petsa


APPENDIX C.2

GUIDE QUESTIONS (Bisaya)

1. Unsang kalisud ang imong nasinati sa panahon sa pagbansay sa ROTC ilabi


na sa mainit nga panahon? Giunsa nimo pagdumala kadtong mga kalisud?

2. Unsa ang pinakagrabe nga mga kasinatian nga imong nasinati panahon sa
pagbansay sa ROTC? Giunsa nimo pagdumala.

3. Unsa ang panagbangi nga imong nasinati tali sa imong komandante ug mga
kadete? Giunsa nimo pagdumala aron masulbad ang mga panagbangi?

4. Unsa ang mga hiyas nga imong nakat-unan sa panahon sa imong panagbangi
sa imong mga komandante ug mga kadete?

5. Unsay nag-aghat kanimo sa pagpadayon sa pagbansay sa ROTC?


APPENDIX D

Participant 1

Date: April 29, 2019

Time Started: 11:28

Time Ended: 11:40

Duration: 12:00

Interviewed by:Jannine Ceniza

Transcribed by:Jannine Ceniza

Location:Guinsay, Danao City

Transcription No. 1

Line Responses Cod

Numbe e

1 Ang kalisud nga nasinati nako kay ang kainit, ang ka suwaw ug

ang kauhaw.

2 I handle this difficulties, ge agwanta lang nako ang kainit, ang

ka suwaw ug kauhaw.
3 For me, I don’t have any conflict because as a cadet, I obey and

follow the command came from the commandant.

4 Akung motivates to continue kay ang akung pamilya and to

reach my goals.

5 Ang akung nakat-unan kay ang mahimung usa ka disciplinado

nga tawo.
APPENDIX D

Participant 2

Date: April 29, 2019

Time Started: 11:15

Time Ended: 11:20

Duration: 5:00

Interviewed by:Jaymart Gaco

Transcribed by: Jannine Ceniza

Location: Guinsay, Danao City

Transcription No. 2

Line Number Responses Code

1 Ang akung nasugatan nga kalisud during

ROTC training kay ang kainit jud sa

panahon, perting sakita sa panit kay lag

wala ka naanad ug labina sa nawng.

2 Sa sige ug training ge kaya nalang nako ang

kalisud kay ginusto baya n inako, never jud

I give up.
3 No, wala ko ka suway nga naa koy conflict

between officers and cadets, mutuman

nalang ko sa command sa officers.

4 Ang akung rason para ipadayon ni nako ang

ROTC kay para daghan kog makat-unan.


APPENDIX D

Participant 3

Date: April 30, 2019

Time Started: 3:09

Time Ended: 3:15

Duration: 6:00

Interviewed by: Jannine Ceniza

Transcribed by:Jaymart Gaco

Location: Guinsay, Danao City

Transcription No. 3

Line Number Responses Code

1 Katong ge punishan 50 bomber in must done into 4

counts.

2 Ako rang ge mind set nga this is part of the training.

3 Wala ko ka suway anang panagbangi sa ubang

cadete ug sa among commandant kay nisunod rako

unsay rules and regulations sa training.


4 Ang akung pangandoy maoy naka motivate nako kay

gusto kung makahuman ug skwela.

5 Ang akung nakat-unan during training kay mahimo

kung us aka disciplinado nga tao.


CURRUCULUM VITAE
PERSONAL DATA

Name : Jannine D. Ceniza


Age : 17 years old
Sex : Female
Address : Guinsay, Danao City
Date of Birth : August 15, 2001
Place of Birth : Cebu Provincial Hospital
Civil Status : Single
Religion : Roman Catholic
Citizenship : Filipino
Contact Number : 09224291364

FAMILY BACKGROUND

Mother : Manuela D. Ceniza


Occupation : Factory Worker
Father :Pepe R. Ceniza
Occupation : Barangay Tanod

EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT

Elementary :Guinsay Elementary School


Year 2014

Junior High :Guinsay National High School


Year 2018

Senior High :Colegio de San Antonio de Padua


PERSONAL DATA

Name :JaymartGaco
Age : 17 years old
Sex : Male
Address :Guinsay, Danao City
Date of Birth : July 24.2001
Place of Birth : Vicente Sotto Memorial Hospital
Civil Status : Single
Religion : Roman Catholic
Citizenship : Filipino
Contact Number : 09776729372

FAMILY BACKGROUND

Mother :Marites P. Gaco


Occupation : Housewife
Father : Lord Caputolan
Occupation : Barber

EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT

Elementary :Guinsay Elementary School


Year 2014

Junior High :Guinsay National High School


Year 2018

Senior High :Colegio de San Antonio de Padua


PERSONAL DATA

Name : Jan Jay Bardago


Age : 19 years old
Sex : Male
Address :Malbago, Luyang, Carmen Cebu
Date of Birth : May 12, 1999
Place of Birth :Malbago, Carmen Cebu
Civil Status : Single
Religion : Roman Catholic
Citizenship : Filipino
Contact Number : 09296476936

FAMILY BACKGROUND

Mother : Jocelyn Bardago


Occupation : Housewife
Father : Jose Bardago Jr.
Occupation : Buy and Sell

EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT

Elementary :Luyang Elementary School


Year 2013

Junior High : Carmen National High School


Year 2017

Senior High :Colegio de San Antonio de Padua