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A. COURSE DESCRIPTION: Public International Law – This course primarily

deals with the study of basic principles of international law; principles and rules
governing relations between and among countries including international bodies
and individuals; and laws and jurisprudence relative to the application these


At the end of the course, the students shall be able:

1. to fully understand the concept and principles of public international law;

2. to relate principles of international law with the Constitution and other
applicable laws of the Philippines;
3. to fully understand relationships between and among countries,
international organizations, and individuals; and
4. to understand the dynamics of international relations.


I. General Principles

a. The Concept of International Law

b. Functions and Importance of International Law
c. Theoretical Basis of International Law
d. Scope of International Law
e. Public and Private International Law
f. International Economic Law
1. International Trade Law
2. National Treatment
3. Most Favoured Nation
g. Enforcement of International Law
h. International Law and Municipal Law
1. Dualism
2. Monism
3. Conflicts between International Law and Domestic Law

II. Sources of International Law

a. Treaties and International Agreements

b. Customs
c. General Principles of Law
d. Judicial decisions
e. Teachings of Experts/Writings of Publicists

f. Principle of Equity
g. United Nations Resolutions
h. Soft Law
i. Unilateral Acts of States

III. Subjects of International Law

a. International Community
b. States
1. Elements
2. Fundamental Rights of States
i. Self-Preservation
ii. Sovereignty and Independence
iii. Equality
iv. Jurisdiction
v. Right of Legation
3. Recognition of States
4. Recognition of Government
5. Continuity of States
c. The Holy See and Vatican City
d. Colonies and Dependencies
e. Mandated and Trust Territories
f. Belligerent Communities
g. International Organizations
1. United Nations
2. Regional Organizations
h. Insurgents
i. National Liberations Movement
j. Individuals
1. Human Rights
2. Civil and Political Rights
3. Economic and Social Cultural Rights
4. Nationality
5. Statelessness
6. Treatment of Aliens

IV. Territory

a. Mode of Acquisition
b. Land
c. Air
d. Outer Space
e. Sea
1. Convention on the Law of the Sea
2. Territorial Sea
3. Internal/National Waters
4. Archipelagic Waters

5. Bays
6. Contiguous Zone
7. Exclusive Economic Zone
8. Islands
9. High Seas
10. Settlement of Disputes

V. Jurisdiction of States

a. Personal and Territorial Jurisdiction

b. Territoriality Principle
c. Nationality Principle
d. Protective Principle
e. Universality Principle
f. Passive Personality Principle
g. Conflicts of Jurisdiction
h. Extradition
i. Military Cooperation Agreement
j. Transnational Law
k. Immunity from Jurisdiction
1. Immunity of Heads of State
2. State Immunity
3. Diplomatic and Consular Immunities
4. Immunity of International Organizations

VI. State Responsibility

a. Protection of Aliens
b. Extradition
c. Doctrine of State Responsibility
d. Attribution to the State
e. Reparation

IX. Treaties, International Agreements, and Executive Agreements

a. Concepts and Definition

b. Elements of a Valid Treaty
c. Distinctions of Treaty, International Agreement and Executive
d. Multilateral, Plurilateral, and Bilateral Agreements
e. Treaty Making Process
1. Authority
2. Negotiation Process
3. Conclusion
4. Ratification
5. Effectivity

f. Interpretation of Treaties and International Agreements
1. United Nations Charter
2. Conflicts with other International Agreements
3. Conflicts with National Laws
g. Effectivity and Termination of Treaties
h. Amendments and Modification of Treaties
i. Settlement of Disputes

X. Settlement of International Disputes

a. Peaceful Methods
b. Diplomatic Methods
c. Quasi Judicial Method
d. Judicial Method
e. The International Court of Justice

XI. The Use of Force Short of War

a. Use and Threat of Force

b. Individual and Collective Self Defense
c. Coercive Measures
d. Protection of National Abroad
e. Humanitarian Intervention

XII. Laws of War

a. Definition of Aggression
b. Commencement of War
c. Legal Effects of War
d. International Humanitarian Law
e. The Hague Law
f. The Geneva Conventions of 1949
g. Customary and Conventional Law
h. Methods of Warfare
i. Non-International Conflicts
j. Terrorism
k. Neutrality
1. General Principles of Neutrality
2. Laws Governing Neutrality

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