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FRANCISCO L.

ADLAON HIGH SCHOOL


Nueva Vida Este, Carmen, Bohol

MIDTERM EXAMINATION IN EARTH AND LIFE SCIENCE

General Instructions: Read and analyze each item carefully. Answer independently. God bless and do your best! 

MULTIPLE CHOICE TEST. On your answer sheet, shade the circle which corresponds to the correct answer. If your
answer is not among the choices, choose “E”.
1. Which of the following theories suggests that the universe originated from a singularity that expanded
continuously?
A) Big Bang Theory C) Oscillating Universe Theory
B) Steady State Theory D) Nebular Theory
2. Arrange the following events to show the evolution of the universe as proposed by the Big Bang Theory.
I. cosmic explosion
II. our universe was once extremely compact, dense, and hot
III. formation of hydrogen and helium leading to the formation of stars and galaxies
IV. the universe started to expand and cool down
A) I,II,III,IV C) II,I,III,IV
B) I,III,II,IV D) II,I,IV,III
3. Which of the following theories suggests that the solar system formed after a star passed near the Sun?
A) Nebular Theory C) Protoplanet Theory
B) Encounter Theory D) Capture Theory
4. According to the Nebular Theory, which of the following comprises the nebula?
A) a gas cloud made up of hydrogen particles C) mass of gas in space
B) a dust of particles of a diffuse appearance D) None of these
5. How does Earth’s atmosphere protect us from the Sun’s radiation?
A) By reflecting away the radiation to the Earth’s surface
B) By absorbing the ultraviolet wavelengths through ozone in the form of ozone layer
C) By providing as oxygen necessary for respiration and for our cells to function
D) By absorbing the radiation through clouds
6. Which of the following is true about the earth?
A) It has the right distance from the Sun.
B) It has moon that produces significant tides and stabilized Earth’s spin axis.
C) It has atmosphere that protects Earth from the sun’s radiation.
D) All of these
7. Which of the following observations led to the assumptions of astronomers that Mars has water in the past?
A) They seen microorganisms. C) Plants exist long time ago.
B) They observed sedimentary rocks. D) There are fossilized evidence of ancient life.
8. All of the following sentences are true about Pluto except ________________.
A) Pluto was discovered by Clyde Tombaugh in 1930.
B) It dwells in the Kuiper Belt.
C) Pluto revolves around the sun once in 247.9 Earth years.
D) It is larger than the Earth’s moon.
9. Which of the following earth systems makes up all the gases on Earth?
A) Atmosphere B) Geosphere C) Hydrosphere D) Biosphere
10. What will happen if water vapor does not fall back to the Earth as rain?
A) Heavier clouds will form.
B) Places will become warmer and hot.
C) Bodies of water will be drained, and no life on earth will exist.
D) Both A and C
11. Which of the following is the third phase of Vernadsky’s theory of Earth development?
A) biosphere or biological life C) noosphere
B) geosphere D) sustainability
12. Which of the following is the purpose of NASA’s Earth Science Program?
A) Understand the earth system by using satellites for long-term observations.
B) Study how the planet is changing in response to human influences.
C) Study the components of the Earth system, their linkages, dependencies, and fluxes.
D) All of these
13. Arrange the following layers of the earth from the innermost layer.
I. Mantle II. Core III. Crust
A. I,II,III B. II,I,III C) III,I,II
14. Which of the following is true about Earth’s crust?
A) It is thicker under the continents than under the ocean.
B) It is denser than other layers.
C) It is the only layer where gravity exists.
D) It is the origin of the earth’s magnetic field.
15. It is a solid, inorganic, naturally occurring substance with a fixed structure and a definite composition.
A) Rock B) Mineral C) Element D) Lava
16. Hank, together with his colleagues, is in search for a mineral that is typically black in color. Its crystal form is short and
thick, with two cleavages that are nearly a right angle. What rock-forming mineral are they looking for?
A) Pyroxene B) Olivine C) Mica D) Amphibole
17. Which of the following rocks are formed from preexisting rocks exposed to extreme heat and pressure in the Earth’s
interior?
A) Igneous rock B) Sedimentary rock C) Metamorphic rock D) Volcanic rock
18. How can a metamorphic rock transform into an intrusive rock?
A) If these rocks are exposed to heat and pressure.
B) If these rocks are compacted and cemented.
C) If these rocks will melt into magma and solidify beneath the earth’s surface.
D) If these rocks will solidify outside the earth’s surface.
19. Which of the following is not an activity of weathering?
A) When water expands as it freezes in cracks and then thaws
B) Water dissolving minerals in the rocks and then washing them away
C) When roots of plants break up the earth
D) When sediments are transported through wind
20. This type of erosion happens when light materials, such as small rocks and pebbles, are carried by the wind to different
places.
A) water erosion B) wind erosion C) glacial erosion D) soil erosion
21. It is the movement of large amounts of material downhill under gravity.
A) erosion B) deposition C) mass wasting D) soil creep
22. Which of the following are controlling factors in mass wasting?
I. slope angle II. Role of water III. Shocks and vibrations IV. Presence of troublesome earth materials
A) I and II only C) I, II, and IV only
B) I, II, and III only D) I, II, III, IV
23. Where does the internal heat of the Earth come from?
A) crust C) core
B) mantle D) sun
24. The following are primary contributors to the heat of the core except _______.
A) decay of radioactive elements
B) primordial heat
C) solar radiation
D) heat of the molten outer core which solidifies near the inner core
25. How do intrusive igneous rocks reach the Earth’s surface?
A) through the process of magmatism C) through convection currents
B) through the process of uplifting D) through metamorphism
26. What is the difference between the magma and the lava?
A) Magma is a molten rock beneath the earth’s surface while lava is a magma that reaches the earth’s surface.
B) Magma is a molten rock that reaches the earth’s surface while lava is a molten rock beneath the earth’s surface.
C) Magma will form into volcanic rocks while lava will form into plutonic rocks.
D) Magma that solidifies outside the earth’s surface is called intrusive rocks while magma that solidifies beneath the
earth’s surface is called extrusive rocks.
27. It is the process of change in the structure and form of rocks due to intense heat and pressure.
A) magmatism C) volcanism
B) plutonism D) metamorphism
28. Which of the following does not describes plutonic or intrusive rocks?
A) from solidified magma underneath the earth C) has a phaneritic texture
B) slow cooling/crystallization D) fine-grained texture
29. Which of the following are true about the different stresses on the Earth’s crust?
I. it causes the rocks to push or to collide each other III. it pushes the crust up and down
II. it pulls rock away from each other IV. it pushes the crust in different directions
A) I, III, IV C) I,II, III
B) I, II, IV D) I, II, III, IV
30. Which of the following diagram illustrates a subducting plate boundary?

A) B) C) D)
31. The hypothesis that continents have moved slowly to their current locations is called______
A) continental drift. B) continental slope. C) seafloor spreading. D) convection.
32. The presence of the same ______ on several continents supports the idea of continental drift.
A) fossils B) rocks C) neither a nor b D) both a and b
33. The lack of an explanation for continental drift prevented many scientists from believing a single supercontinent
called ______ once existed.
A) Glomar B) Glossopteris C) Pangaea D) Mesosaurus
34. Who proposed the continental drift theory?
A) Alfred Wegener B) Harry Hess C) Abraham Ortelius D) Matthew and Vines
35. Which of the following will form a reverse fault?
A) involves a horizontal movement of blocks of rock and is caused by shear stress
B) caused by tensional stress
C) characterized by the hanging wall moving downward with respect to the footwall
D) formed by compressional stress wherein the hanging wall moves upward
36. In your class, you were shown a “before-and-after” picture of a wall of rock. The wall of rock became folded and
thicker in the “after” picture. Which of the following best describes the condition that made the wall of rock folded
and thicker?
A) the wall of rock is compressed C) the wall of rock slide past each other
B) the wall of rock is pulled apart D) the wall of rock tends to converge with other wall
37. The seafloor spreading theory was proposed by ______
A) Alfred Wegener. B) Harry Hess. C) Abraham Ortelius. D) Matthew and Vines
38. Seafloor spreading occurs because ______
A) new material is being added to the asthenosphere.
B) earthquakes break apart the ocean floor.
C) sediments accumulate on the ocean floor.
D) hot, less-dense material below Earth’s crust is forced upward toward the surface.
39. Scientists aboard the Glomar Challenger added to the evidence for the theory of seafloor spreading by providing
A) high altitude photos of existing continents. C) samples of rock from different locations.
B) samples of plant life from different locations. D) direct measurements of the movement of continents.
40. The cycle of heating, rising, cooling, and sinking is called a ______
A) subduction zone. B) convergent boundary. C) convection current. D) conduction current
41. Which of the following statements about the principles of relative dating is false?
A) The relative age of rocks can be determined using the rock sequence.
B) Based on the law of original horizontality, the rocks that were tilted may be due to later events such as tilting
episodes of mountain building.
C) The age of rocks can be determined by measuring its radioactive decay.
D) Both B and C
42. It is a method of dating rocks that gives an actual time.
A) relative dating C) sequence of layered rocks
B) absolute dating D) layering or bedding
43. Which of the following is not an example of absolute dating?
A) Radiocarbon dating C) Krypton-Argon dating
B) Potassium-Argon dating D) Uranium-Lead dating
44. Which of the following statements are true about Nicholas Steno's contributions?
A) He studied the relative positions of sedimentary rocks.
B) He discovered that sedimentary rocks settled based on their relative weight or size in a fluid.
C) He predicted that rate of decay to determine the age of rocks.
D) Both A and B
45. Which is not true about the geologic time scale?
A) it is a record of the geologic history of the Earth
B) it is made up of time units that divide the Earth’s history
C) helps us to study and interpret the history of the Earth
D) sequence of events based on relative age of rocks
46. Trilobites were abundant during this era and then became extinct.
A) Proterozoic C) Mesozoic
B) Paleozoic D) Cenozoic
47. What period during the Mesozoic Era when Pangaea divided into two: Laurasia and Gondwanaland?
A) Permian C) Jurassic
B) Triassic D) Cretaceous
48. How old is our planet Earth?
A) 4.5 billion years C) 4.5 million years
_____________________________
B) 4.6 billion years D) 4.6 million years MARVIN P. PLAZA
Special Science Teacher I
marvinpplaza@gmail.com
09306778815
FRANCISCO L. ADLAON HIGH SCHOOL
Nueva Vida Este, Carmen, Bohol

MIDTERM EXAMINATION IN EARTH AND LIFE SCIENCE

General Instructions: Read and analyze each item carefully. Answer independently. God bless and do your best! 

MULTIPLE CHOICE TEST. On your answer sheet, shade the circle which corresponds to the correct answer. If your
answer is not among the choices, choose “E”.
1. Which of the following theories suggests that the universe originated from a singularity that expanded
continuously?
A) Big Bang Theory C) Oscillating Universe Theory
B) Steady State Theory D) Nebular Theory
2. Arrange the following events to show the evolution of the universe as proposed by the Big Bang Theory.
I. cosmic explosion
II. our universe was once extremely compact, dense, and hot
III. formation of hydrogen and helium leading to the formation of stars and galaxies
IV. the universe started to expand and cool down
A) I,II,III,IV C) II,I,III,IV
B) I,III,II,IV D) II,I,IV,III
3. Which of the following theories suggests that the solar system formed after a star passed near the Sun?
A) Nebular Theory C) Protoplanet Theory
B) Encounter Theory D) Capture Theory
4. According to the Nebular Theory, which of the following comprises the nebula?
A) a gas cloud made up of hydrogen particles C) mass of gas in space
B) a dust of particles of a diffuse appearance D) None of these
5. How does Earth’s atmosphere protect us from the Sun’s radiation?
A) By reflecting away the radiation to the Earth’s surface
B) By absorbing the ultraviolet wavelengths through ozone in the form of ozone layer
C) By providing as oxygen necessary for respiration and for our cells to function
D) By absorbing the radiation through clouds
6. Which of the following is true about the earth?
A) It has the right distance from the Sun.
B) It has moon that produces significant tides and stabilized Earth’s spin axis.
C) It has atmosphere that protects Earth from the sun’s radiation.
D) All of these
7. Which of the following observations led to the assumptions of astronomers that Mars has water in the past?
A) They seen microorganisms. C) Plants exist long time ago.
B) They observed sedimentary rocks. D) There are fossilized evidence of ancient life.
8. All of the following sentences are true about Pluto except ________________.
A) Pluto was discovered by Clyde Tombaugh in 1930.
B) It dwells in the Kuiper Belt.
C) Pluto revolves around the sun once in 247.9 Earth years.
D) It is larger than the Earth’s moon.
9. Which of the following earth systems makes up all the gases on Earth?
A) Atmosphere B) Geosphere C) Hydrosphere D) Biosphere
10. What will happen if water vapor does not fall back to the Earth as rain?
A) Heavier clouds will form.
B) Places will become warmer and hot.
C) Bodies of water will be drained, and no life on earth will exist.
D) Both A and C
11. Which of the following is the third phase of Vernadsky’s theory of Earth development?
A) biosphere or biological life C) noosphere
B) geosphere D) sustainability
12. Which of the following is the purpose of NASA’s Earth Science Program?
A) Understand the earth system by using satellites for long-term observations.
B) Study how the planet is changing in response to human influences.
C) Study the components of the Earth system, their linkages, dependencies, and fluxes.
D) All of these
13. Arrange the following layers of the earth from the innermost layer.
I. Mantle II. Core III. Crust
A. I,II,III B. II,I,III C) III,I,II
14. Which of the following is true about Earth’s crust?
A) It is thicker under the continents than under the ocean.
B) It is denser than other layers.
C) It is the only layer where gravity exists.
D) It is the origin of the earth’s magnetic field.
15. It is a solid, inorganic, naturally occurring substance with a fixed structure and a definite composition.
A) Rock B) Mineral C) Element D) Lava
16. Hank, together with his colleagues, is in search for a mineral that is typically black in color. Its crystal form is short and
thick, with two cleavages that are nearly a right angle. What rock-forming mineral are they looking for?
A) Pyroxene B) Olivine C) Mica D) Amphibole
17. Which of the following rocks are formed from preexisting rocks exposed to extreme heat and pressure in the Earth’s
interior?
A) Igneous rock B) Sedimentary rock C) Metamorphic rock D) Volcanic rock
18. How can a metamorphic rock transform into an intrusive rock?
A) If these rocks are exposed to heat and pressure.
B) If these rocks are compacted and cemented.
C) If these rocks will melt into magma and solidify beneath the earth’s surface.
D) If these rocks will solidify outside the earth’s surface.
19. Which of the following is not an activity of weathering?
A) When water expands as it freezes in cracks and then thaws
B) Water dissolving minerals in the rocks and then washing them away
C) When roots of plants break up the earth
D) When sediments are transported through wind
20. This type of erosion happens when light materials, such as small rocks and pebbles, are carried by the wind to different
places.
A) water erosion B) wind erosion C) glacial erosion D) soil erosion
21. It is the movement of large amounts of material downhill under gravity.
A) erosion B) deposition C) mass wasting D) soil creep
22. Which of the following are controlling factors in mass wasting?
I. slope angle II. Role of water III. Shocks and vibrations IV. Presence of troublesome earth materials
A) I and II only C) I, II, and IV only
B) I, II, and III only D) I, II, III, IV
23. Where does the internal heat of the Earth come from?
A) crust C) core
B) mantle D) sun
24. The following are primary contributors to the heat of the core except _______.
A) decay of radioactive elements
B) primordial heat
C) solar radiation
D) heat of the molten outer core which solidifies near the inner core
25. How do intrusive igneous rocks reach the Earth’s surface?
A) through the process of magmatism C) through convection currents
B) through the process of uplifting D) through metamorphism
26. What is the difference between the magma and the lava?
A) Magma is a molten rock beneath the earth’s surface while lava is a magma that reaches the earth’s surface.
B) Magma is a molten rock that reaches the earth’s surface while lava is a molten rock beneath the earth’s surface.
C) Magma will form into volcanic rocks while lava will form into plutonic rocks.
D) Magma that solidifies outside the earth’s surface is called intrusive rocks while magma that solidifies beneath the
earth’s surface is called extrusive rocks.
27. It is the process of change in the structure and form of rocks due to intense heat and pressure.
A) magmatism C) volcanism
B) plutonism D) metamorphism
28. Which of the following does not describes plutonic or intrusive rocks?
A) from solidified magma underneath the earth C) has a phaneritic texture
B) slow cooling/crystallization D) fine-grained texture
29. Which of the following are true about the different stresses on the Earth’s crust?
I. it causes the rocks to push or to collide each other III. it pushes the crust up and down
II. it pulls rock away from each other IV. it pushes the crust in different directions
A) I, III, IV C) I,II, III
B) I, II, IV D) I, II, III, IV
30. Which of the following diagram illustrates a subducting plate boundary?

A) B) C) D)
31. The hypothesis that continents have moved slowly to their current locations is called______
A) continental drift. B) continental slope. C) seafloor spreading. D) convection.
32. The presence of the same ______ on several continents supports the idea of continental drift.
A) fossils B) rocks C) neither a nor b D) both a and b
33. The lack of an explanation for continental drift prevented many scientists from believing a single supercontinent
called ______ once existed.
A) Glomar B) Glossopteris C) Pangaea D) Mesosaurus
34. Who proposed the continental drift theory?
A) Alfred Wegener B) Harry Hess C) Abraham Ortelius D) Matthew and Vines
35. Which of the following will form a reverse fault?
A) involves a horizontal movement of blocks of rock and is caused by shear stress
B) caused by tensional stress
C) characterized by the hanging wall moving downward with respect to the footwall
D) formed by compressional stress wherein the hanging wall moves upward
36. In your class, you were shown a “before-and-after” picture of a wall of rock. The wall of rock became folded and
thicker in the “after” picture. Which of the following best describes the condition that made the wall of rock folded
and thicker?
A) the wall of rock is compressed C) the wall of rock slide past each other
B) the wall of rock is pulled apart D) the wall of rock tends to converge with other wall
37. The seafloor spreading theory was proposed by ______
A) Alfred Wegener. B) Harry Hess. C) Abraham Ortelius. D) Matthew and Vines
38. Seafloor spreading occurs because ______
A) new material is being added to the asthenosphere.
B) earthquakes break apart the ocean floor.
C) sediments accumulate on the ocean floor.
D) hot, less-dense material below Earth’s crust is forced upward toward the surface.
39. Scientists aboard the Glomar Challenger added to the evidence for the theory of seafloor spreading by providing
A) high altitude photos of existing continents. C) samples of rock from different locations.
B) samples of plant life from different locations. D) direct measurements of the movement of continents.
40. The cycle of heating, rising, cooling, and sinking is called a ______
A) subduction zone. B) convergent boundary. C) convection current. D) conduction current
41. Which of the following statements about the principles of relative dating is false?
A) The relative age of rocks can be determined using the rock sequence.
B) Based on the law of original horizontality, the rocks that were tilted may be due to later events such as tilting
episodes of mountain building.
C) The age of rocks can be determined by measuring its radioactive decay.
D) Both B and C
42. It is a method of dating rocks that gives an actual time.
A) relative dating C) sequence of layered rocks
B) absolute dating D) layering or bedding
43. Which of the following is not an example of absolute dating?
A) Radiocarbon dating C) Krypton-Argon dating
B) Potassium-Argon dating D) Uranium-Lead dating
44. Which of the following statements are true about Nicholas Steno's contributions?
A) He studied the relative positions of sedimentary rocks.
B) He discovered that sedimentary rocks settled based on their relative weight or size in a fluid.
C) He predicted that rate of decay to determine the age of rocks.
D) Both A and B
45. Which is not true about the geologic time scale?
A) it is a record of the geologic history of the Earth
B) it is made up of time units that divide the Earth’s history
C) helps us to study and interpret the history of the Earth
D) sequence of events based on relative age of rocks
46. Trilobites were abundant during this era and then became extinct.
A) Proterozoic C) Mesozoic
B) Paleozoic D) Cenozoic
47. What period during the Mesozoic Era when Pangaea divided into two: Laurasia and Gondwanaland?
A) Permian C) Jurassic
B) Triassic D) Cretaceous
48. How old is our planet Earth?
A) 4.5 billion years C) 4.5 million years
_____________________________
B) 4.6 billion years D) 4.6 million years MARVIN P. PLAZA
Special Science Teacher I
marvinpplaza@gmail.com
09306778815