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CURRICULUM – 2014 (C – 14)

Under Multi Point Entry & Credit (MPEC) System

C-14 SYLLABUS

I SEMESTER
(Common to all Branches)
ENGLISH - I
(Common to BM/CP/CN/ES/EV/IE Branches)
Subject Title : English-I

Subject code : 1X01

Periods/week : 2

Total Periods

/Semester : 75

Speaking
1 Need for English
2 Classroom English
3 Expressing Feelings
4 Expressing Likes and Dislikes
5 Making Requests
Listening
6 Describing Words
Reading
7 Building the Brooklyn Bridge –
8 Adventures of Toto
9 An Anecdote
Tiller turns Engineer – An
Grammar
10 Innovation
Tenses
11 Basic sentence structures
12 Voice
13 Questioning
Writing
14 Paragraph Writing - 1
15 Paragraph Writing - 2
16 Data Interpretation - 1
17 Data Interpretation - 2
18 Data Interpretation - 3
19 Letter writing - 1
20 Letter Writing - 2

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ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS - I
(Common to BM/CP/CN/ES/EV/IE Branches)

Subject Title : Engineering Mathematics-I


Subject code : 1X02
Periods/week : 5
Total Periods /Semester : 75

Time Schedule with BLUEPRINT

S. Weightage
Major Topic No of Periods Short Type Essay Type
No of Marks
Unit - I Algebra Theory Practice R U App R U App

1 Logarithms 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

2 Partial Fractions 5 0 3 0 1 0 0 0 0
Matrices and
3 10 6 16 2 0 0 0 0 1
Determinants
Unit - II Trigonometry
4 Trigonometric Ratios 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

5 Compound Angles 3 2 13 1 0 0 1 0 0
Multiple and Submultiple
6 4 4 13 1 0 0 0 1 0
angles
7 Transformations 4 4 10 0 0 0 0 0 1
Inverse Trigonometric
8 3 2 13 1 0 0 0 1 0
Functions
9 Trigonometric Equations 3 2 13 1 0 0 0 1 0
Properties and solutions
10 6 4 13 0 0 1 0 0 1
of triangles
11 Hyperbolic Functions 2 0 3 0 1 0 0 0 0

12 Complex Numbers 4 2 13 1 0 0 1 0 0

Total 49 26 110 7 2 1 2 3 3

Marks 21 6 3 20 30 30

R-Remembering U- Understanding A- Application

Objectives
After completion of the subject the student shall be able to –

UNIT – I

1.0 Use Logarithms in engineering calculations


1.1 Define logarithm and list its properties.

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1.2 Distinguish natural logarithms and common logarithms;
1.3 Explain the meaning of e and exponential function
1.4 State logarithm as a function and its graphical representation.
1.5 Use the logarithms in engineering calculations.

2.0 Resolve Rational Fraction into sum of Partial Fractions in engineering


problems
2.1 Define rational, proper and improper fractions of polynomials.
2.2 Explain the procedure of resolving rational fractions of the type mentioned below into
partial fractions
f ( x) f ( x)
i) ii )
( x  a)( x  b)( x  c) ( x  a ) ( x  b)( x  c)
2

f ( x) f ( x)
iii ) iv)
( x  a )( x  b)
2
( x  a )( x 2  b) 2

3.0 Use Matrices for solving engineering problems


3.1 Define a matrix and order of a matrix
3.2 State various types of matrices with examples (emphasis on 3rd order square
matrices).
3.3 Compute sum, scalar multiplication and product of matrices.
3.4 Illustrate the properties of these operations such as associative, distributive,
commutative properties with examples and counter examples.
3.5 Define the transpose of a matrix and write its properties;
3.6 Define symmetric and skew-symmetric matrices;
3.7 Resolve a square matrix in to a sum of a symmetric and skew- symmetric matrices-
Examples in all cases.
3.8 Define minor, co-factor of an element of a 3x3 square matrix with examples.
3.9 Expand the determinant of a 3 x 3 matrix using Laplace expansion formula.
3.10 Distinguish singular and non-singular matrices.
3.11 Apply the properties of determinants to solve problems.
3.12 Solve system of 3 linear equations in 3 unknowns using Cramer’s rule.
3.13 Define multiplicative inverse of a matrix and list properties of adjoint and inverse.
3.14 Compute adjoint and multiplicative inverse of a square matrix.
3.15 Solve system of 3 linear equations in 3 unknowns by matrix inversion method
3.16 State elementary row operations.
3.17 Solve a system of 3 linear equations in 3 unknowns by Gauss- Jordan method

UNIT – II
4.0 Understanding Trigonometric Ratios
4.1 Define trigonometric ratios of any angle.
4.2 List the values of trigonometric ratios at specified angles.
4.3 Draw graphs of trigonometric functions
4.4 Explain periodicity of trigonometric functions.

5.0 Solve simple problems on Compound Angles


5.1 Define compound angles and state the formulae of sin(A±B), cos(A±B), tan(A±B) and
cot(A±B)
5.2 Give simple examples on compound angles to derive the values of sin150,
cos150 , sin750 , cos750 , tan 150 , tan750 etc.
5.3 Derive identities like sin(A+B) sin(A-B) = sin 2 A –sin2 B etc.,
5.4 Solve simple problems on compound angles.

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6.0 Solve problems using the formulae for Multiple and Sub- multiple Angles
6.1 Derive the formulae of multiple angles 2A, 3A etc and sub multiple angles A/2 in
terms of angle A of trigonometric functions.
6.2 Derive useful allied formulas like sinA= (1- cos2A)/2 etc.,
6.3 Solve simple problems using the above formulae

7.0 Apply Transformations for solving the problems in Trigonometry


7.1 Derive the formulae on transforming sum or difference of two trigonometric ratios in
to a product and vice versa- examples on these formulae.
7.2 Solve problems by applying these formulae to sum or difference or product of three
or more terms.

8.0 Use Inverse Trigonometric Functions for solving engineering problems


8.1 Explain the concept of the inverse of a trigonometric function by selecting an
appropriate domain and range.
8.2 Define inverses of six trigonometric functions along with their domains and ranges.
8.3 Derive relations between inverse trigonometric functions so that given A= sin-1x,
express angle A in terms of other inverse trigonometric functions - with examples.
8.4 State various properties of inverse trigonometric functions and identities like

sin-1x+cos-1 x = etc.
2

8.5 Derive formulae like tan


1
x  tan
1
y  tan
1

 
x y

1  xy
, where x  0, y  0, xy  1 etc., and solve

simple problems

9.0 Solve Trigonometric Equations in engineering applications


9.1 Explain what is meant by solutions of trigonometric equations and find the general
solutions of sin x=k, cos x =k and tan x=k with appropriate examples.
9.2 Solve models of the type a sin2 x + b sin x +c=0, a cos x + b sin x=c etc., and
problems using simple transformations.

10.0 Appreciate Properties of triangles and their solutions


10.1 State sine rule, cosine rule, tangent rule and projection rule.
10.2 Explain the formulae for sin A/2, cos A/2, tan A/2 and cot A/2 in terms of semi-
perimeter and sides a,b,c and solve problems.
10.3 List various formulae for the area of a triangle.
10.4 Solve problems using the above formulae.
10.5 Solve a triangle when (i) three sides, (ii) two sides and an included angle, (iii) two
sides and an opposite angle-case of two solutions and (iv) one side and two angles
are given.

11.0 Represent the Hyperbolic Functions in terms of logarithm functions


11.1 Define Sinh x, cosh x and tanh x and list the hyperbolic identities.
11.2 Represent inverse hyperbolic functions in terms of logarithms.

12.0 Represent Complex numbers in various forms


12.1 Define complex number, its modulus , conjugate and list their properties.
12.2 Define the operations on complex numbers with examples.
12.3 Define amplitude of a complex number
12.4 Represent the complex number in various forms like modulus-amplitude (polar) form
, Exponential (Euler) form – illustrate with examples.
12.5 State DeMoivre’s theorem and its applications to complex numbers e.g., finding the
roots, powers, simplifications of a complex number with illustrative examples

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COURSE CONTENT
Unit-I
1. Logarithms :
Definition of logarithm and its properties, natural and common logarithms; the meaning of e
and exponential function, logarithm as a function and its graphical representation.
2. Partial Fractions :
Rational, proper and improper fractions of polynomials. Resolving rational fractions in to
their
partial fractions covering the types mentioned below .

f ( x) f ( x)
i) ii )
( x  a)( x  b)( x  c) ( x  a ) 2 ( x  b)( x  c)
f ( x) f ( x)
iii ) iv)
( x  a )( x  b)
2
( x  a )( x 2  b) 2
Matrices:
3. Definition of matrix, types of matrices-examples, algebra of matrices-equality of two
matrices, sum, scalar multiplication and product of matrices. Transpose of a matrix-
Symmetric, skew symmetric matrices-Minor, cofactor of an element-Determinant of a square
matrix-Laplace’s expansion, properties of determinants. Singular and non singular matrices-
Adjoint and multiplicative inverse of a square matrix- examples-System of linear equations in
3 variables-Solutions by Cramers’s rule, Matrix inversion method-examples-Elementary row
operations on matrices -Gauss-Jordan method to solve a system of equations.

Unit-II

Trigonometry :
4.Trigonometric ratios: definition of trigonometric ratios of any angle, values of trigonometric
ratios at specified angles, draw graphs of trigonometric functions, periodicity of trigonometric
functions.
5. Compound angles: Formulas of sin(A±B), cos(A±B), tan(A±B),cot(A±B),and related
identities with problems.
6. Multiple and sub multiple angles: trigonometric ratios of multiple angles 2A,3A and
submultiple angle A/2 with problems.
7.Transformations of products into sums or differences and vice versa simple problems
8. Inverse trigonometric functions : definition, domains and ranges-basic properties-
problems.
9. Trigonometric equations: concept of a solution, principal value and general solution of
trigonometric equations : sin x =k , cos x= k, tan x =k. Solutions of simple quadratic
equations, equations involving usage of transformations- problems.
10.Properties and solutions of triangles: relation between sides and angles of a triangle- sine
rule, cosine rule,tangent rule and projection rule-area of a triangle- solving a triangle-
problems.
11. Hyperbolic functions: Definitions of hyperbolic functions, identities of hyperbolic
functions, inverse hyperbolic functions and expression of inverse hyperbolic functions in
terms of logarithms.
12. Complex Numbers : Definition of a complex number, Modulus and conjugate of a
complex number, Arithmetic operations on complex numbers, Modulus- Amplitue (polar)
form , Exponential form(Euler) form of a complex number- Problems.DeMoivre’s Theorem
and its applications in complex numbers- Simple problems.

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Reference Books :

1. A text book of matrices by Shanti Narayan,


2. Plane Triogonometry, by S.L Loney

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ENGINEERING PHYSICS-I

(Common to BM/CP/CN/ES/EV/IE Branches)


Subject Title : Engineering Physics-I
Subject Code : 1X03
Periods/ week : 04
Total periods / Semester : 60

TIME SCHEDULE WITH BLUE PRINT

S.N Major Topics No. of Weightag Reme Underst Appl Analyz Short Essay
o Periods e of mberin anding ying ing Answe Type
Marks g r Type

1. Units and 08 06 2 4 2 -
Dimensions

2. Elements of 10 26 2 20 2 2 2 2
Vectors

3. Kinematics 13 23 2 18 2 1 1 2

4. Friction 08 06 3 0 3 2 -

5. Work, Power and 09 23 3 14 3 3 1 2


Energy

6. Heat & 12 26 6 14 3 3 2 2
Thermodynamics

Total: 60 110 18 66 17 9 10 8

OBJECTIVES:
On completion of the study of the subject a student should be able to comprehend the
following:

1.0 UNITS AND DIMENSIONS


1.1 To understand the importance of units
1.2 To define Physical quantity, fundamental physical quantities and derived physical
quantities
1.3 To define unit
1.4 To define fundamental units and derived units
1.5 To state SI units with symbols
1.6 To state Multiples and submultiples in SI system
1.7 To state advantages of SI units
1.8 To define Dimensions and Dimensional formulae
1.9 To derive dimensional formulae of physical quantities
1.10 To list dimensional constants and dimensionless quantities
1.11 To state the principle of Homogeneity of Dimensions
1.12 To know the applications of dimensional analysis with examples
1.13 To list the limitations of dimensional analysis

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1.14 To solve problems
2.0 ELEMENTS OF VECTORS
2.1 To understand the importance of Vectors
2.2 To define Scalar and Vector quantities
2.3 To know the examples for scalar and vector quantities
2.4 To represent vectors graphically
2.5 To know the types of Vectors (Proper Vector, Null Vector, Unit Vector, Equal
Vectors, Negative Vector, Like Vectors, Co-Initial Vectors, Co-planar Vectors and
Position Vector).
2.6 To explain addition and subtraction of vectors
2.7 To represent a vector in space using unit vectors ( I, j, k )
2.8 To explain resolution of vectors
2.9 To find resultant of the vectors by component method
2.10 To state parallelogram law of vectors with examples
2.11 To derive formula for resultant ( Magnitude and direction )
2.12 To state and Explain triangle law of vectors
2.13 To state and Explain polygon law of vectors
2.14 To define Dot product of two vectors with examples ( Work done, power and
Gravitational P.E )
2.15 To list out the properties of Dot product
2.16 To define Cross products of two vectors with example (Torque ,Linear velocity)
2.17 To list out the properties of Cross product.
2.18 To solve problems

3.0 KINEMATICS
3.1 To recapitulate of equations of motion in a straight line
3.2 To define acceleration due to gravity
3.3 To derive expressions for Maximum Height, time of ascent, time of descent, time of
flight in the case of vertical projection.
3.4 To derive for height of a tower when a body projected vertically upwards from the
top
3.5 To define projectile motion with examples
3.6 To explain Horizontal projection
3.7 To derive the expression for path of a horizontal projectile
3.8 To explain oblique projection
3.9 To derive equation for the path of a oblique projectile
3.10 To derive formulae for maximum height, time of flight and Horizontal Range of a
projectile, maximum range in oblique projection
3.11 To solve problems

4.0 FRICTION
4.1 To understand concept of friction
4.2 To know the examples of friction in daily life
4.3 To define friction
4.4 To list the types of friction
4.5 To understand the concept of Normal reaction
4.6 To state the laws of static friction
4.7 To state the laws of kinetic friction
4.8 To define coefficients of friction
4.9 To understand the angle of friction w.r.t. rough horizontal surface
4.10 To derive the expression for the acceleration of a body moving on a rough horizontal
surface
4.11 To define Angle of repose
4.12 To derive expressions for acceleration of a body on a rough inclined Plane (UP &DOWN)
4.13 To derive expressions for acceleration of a body on a smooth inclined Plane (UP &DOWN)

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4.14 To list the Advantages and Disadvantages of friction
4.15 To know the methods of minimizing friction
4.16 To solve problems

5.0. WORK ,POWER AND ENERGY


5.1 To define work
5.2 To explain types of work with examples.
5.3 To state SI units, dimensional formula for work
5.4 To define power
5.5 To state SI units, dimensional formula for power
5.6 To define energy
5.7 To state SI units, dimensional formula for energy
5.8 To define potential energy
5.9 To derive the expression for Potential energy, with examples
5.10 To define kinetic energy
5.11 To derive the expression for kinetic energy, with examples
5.12 To state and prove Work Energy theorem
5.13 To explain work Energy theorem with examples
5.14 To draw the relation between Kinetic energy and momentum
5.15 To explain transformation of energy with examples
5.16 To state the law of conservation of energy and verify in the case of freely falling body
5.15 To solve problems

6.0 HEAT AND THERMODYNAMICS


6.1 To understand the concept of expansion of gases
6.2 To state Boyles law
6.3 To define absolute zero
6.4 To explain absolute scale of temperature
6.5 To state Charles laws
6.6 To derive ideal gas equation
6.7 To define gas constant and Universal gas constant
6.8 To understand why universal gas constant is same for all gases
6.9 To know the SI unit and value of universal gas constant
6.10 To derive the gas equation in terms of density
6.11 To explain internal energy of a gas
6.12 To explain external work done
6.13 To derive expression for external work done by a gas
6.14 To understand Isothermal process and Adiabatic process
6.15 To state laws of thermodynamics
6.16 To define specific heats & molar specific heats of a gas
6.17 To solve problems

COURSE CONTENTS

1. UNITS AND DIMENSIONS:


Introduction – Physical quantity – Fundamental and Derived quantities –
Fundamental and Derived units- SI units – Multiples and Sub multiples – Advantages of SI
units – Dimensions and Dimensional formulae- Dimensional constants and Dimensionless
quantities- Principle of Homogeneity- Advantages and limitations of Dimensional analysis- -
Problems.

2. ELEMENTS OF VECTORS:
Scalars and Vectors –Types of vectors- Addition and subtraction of vectors-
Representation of vectors- Resolution of vectors - Parallelogram, Triangle and Polygon laws
of vectors– Dot and Cross products of vectors-Problems

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3. KINEMATICS:
Introduction- Concept of acceleration due to gravity- Equations of motion for a freely
falling body and for a body thrown up vertically- Projectiles- Horizontal and Oblique
projections- Expressions for maximum height, time of flight, range and maximum range -
problems

4. FRICTION:
Introduction to friction- Causes- Types of friction- Laws of friction -Angle of friction-
Angle of repose - Motion of a body on a rough horizontal surface- smooth inclined plane-
rough inclined plane- Advantages and disadvantages of friction- Methods of reducing friction
– Problems

5. WORK, POWER AND ENERGY:


Work, types of work ,Power and Energy- Definitions and examples - potential energy-
kinetic energy-Derivations of Potential and Kinetic energies-K.E and Momentum relation -
Work-Energy theorem- Law of conservation of energy- Problems

6. HEAT AND THERMODYNAMICS:


Expansion of Gases- Boyle’s law- Absolute zero and Absolute scale of temperature-
Charles laws- Ideal gas equation- Universal gas constant-External work done by a gas-
Isothermal and adiabatic processes- Laws of thermodynamics- Two specific heats of a gas-
Problems

Recommended Books

1. Intermediate Physics Volume 1 and 2 Telugu academy.


2. Intermediate Physics Volume 1 and 2 Deepthi Publications
3. Unified Physics Volume 1,2,3 and 4 Dr. S.L. Gupta and Sanjeev Gupta
4. Text book of Physics Volume 1 and 2 Resnik and Halliday
5. Text book of applied physics Dhanpath Roy

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ENGINEERING CHEMISTRY & ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES-I
(Common to BM/CP/CN/ES/EV/IE Branches)

Subject Title : Engg. Chemistry & Environmental Studies-I


Subject Code : 1X04
No. of periods/week : 04
Total periods/ semester : 60
TIME SCHEDULE

S.No Major topic No of Weight Short type Essay type (10 remarks
Periods age of (3marks) marks)
marks R U A R U A
1 Fundamentals of
16 26 1 0 1 1/2 1 1/2
Chemistry
2 Solutions 8 16 0 1 1 1/2 0 1/2
3 Acids and bases 10 23 1 0 0 1 1/2 1/2
4 Principles of
12 23 0 0 1 1 1 0
Metallurgy
5 Fuels
6 6 1 1 0 0 0 0
6 ENVIRONMENTAL
8 16 1 0 1 0 1 0
STUDIES
Total 3 1
60 110 4 2 4 3
1/2 1/2
Marks 12 6 12 30 35 15

Remembering: 42 Understanding: 41 Application: 27

OBJECTIVES: After the completion of the study of these units the student
should be able to comprehend the following

1.0 Fundamentals of Chemistry


Atomic Structure:
1.1 Fundamental particles of an atom
1.2 Understand the concept of atomic number and mass number
1.3 Postulates of Bohr’s atomic theory and its limitations
1.4 Explain Quantum numbers
1.5 Define and explain Aufbau’s principle, Hund’s rule and Pauli’s exclusion principle.
1.6 Define Orbital
1.7 Draw the shapes of s, p and d Orbitals
1.8 Distinguish between Orbit and Orbital
1.9 Understanding electronic configuration of elements up to atomic number 30
Chemical bonding
1.10 Introduction
1.11 Postulates of Electronic theory of valency
1.12 Types of Chemical bonds
1.13 Define ionic bond and explain ionic bond formation in NaCl and MgO
1.14 Properties of Ionic compounds
1.15 Define covalent bond and explain covalent bond in Hydrogen molecule, Oxygen
molecule, and Nitrogen molecule Lewis dot method
1.16 Properties of Covalent compounds
1.17 Explain Metallic bond with Electron sea model theory
Oxidation-Reduction:
1.18 Definition of Oxidation and Reduction

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1.19 Definition of Oxidation Number and its calculations
1.20 Difference between Oxidation Number and Valency

2.0 Solutions
2.1 Define Solution, solute and solvent
2.2 Classify solutions based on physical state and solubility
2.3 Define mole and understand Mole concept
2.4 Define and explain Molarity
2.5 Define and explain Normality
2.6 Define and explain equivalent weight of acids, bases and salts
2.7 Numerical problems on Mole, Molarity and Normality

3.0 Acids and bases


3.1 Explain Arrhenius theory of Acids and Bases and its limitations
3.2 Explain Bronsted – Lowry theory of acids bases and its limitations
3.3 Explain Lewis theory of acids and bases and its limitations
3.4 Explain Ionic product of water
3.5 Define pH and explain Sorenson scale
3.6 Numerical problems on pH (Strong Acids and Bases)
3.7 Define buffer solution with examples
3.8 Applications of buffer solution

4. 0 Principles of Metallurgy
4.1 Characteristics of Metals
4.2 Distinction between Metals and Non Metals
4.3 Definitions of Metallurgy, Mineral, Ore, Gangue, Flux and Slag
4.4 Methods of concentration of ore –Hand picking, Levigation, Froth Floatation
4.5 Methods involved in extraction of crude metal- Roasting, Calcination and Smelting.
4.6 Purification of Metals – Electrolytic Refining
4.7 Define an Alloy
4.8 Composition and uses of following Alloys: Brass, German silver, Nichrome

5.0 Fuels
5.1 Define the term fuel
5.2 Classification of fuels based on physical state – solid , liquid and gaseous fuels, and
based on occurrence- primary and secondary fuels
5.3 Understand characteristics of good fuel
5.4 State the composition and uses of gaseous fuels:
a) water gas b) producer gas c) natural gas d) coal gas
e) Bio gas f) acetylene

6.0 ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES


6.1 Define environment - scope and importance of environmental studies
6.2 Understand the terms – lithosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere, biosphere,
pollutant, pollution, contaminant receptor - sink, particulates, dissolved oxygen,
Threshold limit value, BOD, COD
6.3 Understanding growing energy needs- differences between renewable and non
renewable energy sources-alternative energy sources.
6.4 Define an Ecosystem- biotic component, abiotic component and energy component,
6.5 Define producers, consumers and decomposers with examples.
6.6 Define biodiversity and threats to biodiversity

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COURESE CONTENT

1. Fundamentals of Chemistry
Atomic Structure: Introduction - Fundamental particles – Bohr’s theory – Quantum
numbers - Aufbau principle - Hand’s rule - Pauli’s exclusion Principle- Orbitals,
shapes of s, p and d orbitals - Electronic configurations of elements
Chemical Bonding: Introduction – types of chemical bonds – Ionic and covalent bond
with examples – Properties of Ionic and Covalent compounds
– Metallic bond
Oxidation-Reduction: Concepts of Oxidation-Reduction, Oxidation Number-
calculations, differences between Oxidation Number and Valency

2. Solutions
Introduction-concentration methods – Mole concept, Molarity, Normality, Equivalent
weights, Numerical problems on Mole, Molarity and Normality

3. Acids and Bases


Introduction – theories of acids and bases and limitations – Arrhenius theory-
Bronsted –Lowry theory – Lewis acid base theory – Ionic product of water – pH and
related numerical problems – buffer solutions –Applications.

4. Principles of Metallurgy
Characteristics of Metals and distinctions between Metals and Non Metals, Metallurgy,
ore, Gangue, Flux, Slag - Concentration of Ore –Hand picking, Levigation, Froth
floatation – Methods of Extraction of crude Metal – Roasting, Calcination, Smelting
– Alloys – Composition and uses of Brass, German silver and Nichrome.

5. Fuels
Definition and classification of fuels – characteristics of good fuel - composition and
uses of gaseous fuels.

6. ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES
Introduction – environment –scope and importance of environmental studies -
important terms – renewable and non renewable energy sources – Concept of
ecosystem, producers, consumers and decomposers – Biodiversity, definition and
threats to Biodiversity

REFERENCE BOOKS

1. Intermediate Chemistry Vol 1& 2 Telugu Academy


2. Intermediate Chemistry Vol 1& 2 Vikram Publishers
3. Intermediate Chemistry Vol 1 & 2 Vignan Publishers & Deepthi publishers

4. Engineering Chemistry Jain and Jain


5. Engineering Chemistry O.P.Agarwal, Hi-Tech.
6. Engineering Chemistry M.S.N.Raju, etc, Hi-Tech.
7. Applied Chemistry V.Subrahmanyam
8. Engineering Chemistry Sharma
9. Environmental chemistry A.K. De

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BASIC ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING
(Common to BM/CP/CN/ES/EV/IE Branches)

Subject Title : Basic Electrical Engineering.


Subject Code : 1X05
Periods / week : 04
Periods / semester : 60

TIME SHEDULE WITH BLUE PRINT

S. Weightag
No. of Short Essay Remem Underst Appl Analyz
N Major Topics e of
Periods type type bering anding ying ing
o Marks
Basic principles of
1 15 29 3 2 6 13 10 -
electricity

2 D.C. Networks 15 26 2 2 3 13 10 -
Magnetism and
3 12 26 2 2 3 13 10 -
Electromagnetism
Electromagnetic
4 10 16 2 1 3 3 10 -
Induction
Heating effects of
5 8 13 1 1 3 10 -- --
Electric current
Total 60 110 10 8 18 52 40

OBJECTIVES:
Up on the completion of the course student shall be able to:

1.0 Comprehend the Basic principles of electricity


1.1 Explain structure of atom , electron configuration of elements.
1.2 Define valence electron; distinguish between conductors, insulators and
semiconductors with reference to valence electrons.
1.3 Explain the concept of electric charge, state SI unit for charge.
1.4 Explain the concept of potential, potential difference and E.M.F Mention their S.I.
Units.
1.5 Explain the concept of electric current and differentiate between conventional electric
current and electron current.
1.6 State and explain Ohm’s law.
1.7 Explain the concept of electrical resistance and conductance and their S.I. Units
1.8 State parameters affecting the resistance
1.9 Define specific resistance and state its S.I. Unit.
1.10 Explain temperature Coefficient of resistance and solve simple problems on variation
of resistance with temperature.
1.11 Explain the concepts of work done, energy expended and power dissipated in electric
circuit and shall be able to state S.I. Units of work, power and energy
1.12 Solve simple domestic electricity bill.
1.13 Derive the formula for equivalent resistance when resistances are connected in
series, parallel and series-parallel.
1.14 Solve problems on series, parallel and series parallel circuits for total current, branch
current, power, and p.d. across and in part of the circuit.

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2.0 Comprehend the D.C. Networks
2.1 Explain the concept of electrical network.
2.2 Define the terms
(i) electric circuit, (ii) branch, (iii) node, (iv) loop, (v) active element and (vi) passive
element.
2.3 State and explain Kirchhoff’s laws.
2.4 Solve problems on D.C. Networks using Kirchhoff’s laws.
2.5 Apply Kirchhoff’s laws to Wheatstone bridge Network.
2.6 Explain star and Delta configurations of resistances.
2.7 Give transformation formulas from Star to Delta & Delta to Star (no derivation).
2.8 Solve simple problems on Star/Delta and Delta/Star transformation.

3.0 Explain the Concept of Magnetism and Electromagnetism


3.1 Explain the magnetism and magnetic fields. Sketch field pattern of Bar magnet.
3.2 State coulombs laws of magnetism.
3.3 Define the terms Absolute and relative permeability of medium.
3.4 Explain the concept of lines of force & magnetic Field.
3.5 Define field intensity, Magnetic potential, Flux , Flux density .
3.6 Explain the concept of Electromagnetic effect
3.7 Draw and explain the field patterns due to Straight current carrying conductor .
3.8 Explain Work law and its applications.
3.9 State Laplace law (Biot-Savart’s Law).
3.10 Give expressions for field strength due to long current carrying conductor,
3.11 Develop the expression for magnitude of the force on a current currying conductor in
a
magnetic field.
3.12 State the Fleming’s left hand rule.
3.13 Give the expression for the force between two parallel current carrying conductors
3.14 Develop the concept of the Magnetic circuits
3.15 Define magneto motive force (mmf), permeability, flux and Reluctance
3.16 Solve problems on simple magnetic circuits
3.17 Compare magnetic circuit with electric circuit
3.18 Explain the terms leakage flux and leakage co-efficient
3.19 Sketch the general shape of magnetization curve for magnetic material.
3.20 Explain hysteresis loop and hysteresis loss.
3.21 Explain Eddy current loss.

4.0 Explain the Concept of Electromagnetic Induction:


4.1 Define and explain Faraday’s law of electromagnetic induction ,
4.2 Illustrate the types of induced EMFs and differentiate them.
4.3 Define Lenz’s law.
4.4 Derive the expression for dynamically induced e.m.f and solve related problems.
4.5 Explain the terms self inductance and mutual inductance and distinguish them.
4.6 Derive expressions for self and mutual inductance in terms of physical parameters and
solve related problems.
4.7 Define the coefficient of coupling for a given circuit.
4.8 Find the equivalent inductance when inductances in series and solve related problems.
4.9 Derive the formula for energy stored in a magnetic field.

5.0 Appreciate the Heating effects of Electric current


5.1 Explain heating effect of electric current.
5.2 State and explain Joule’s law.
5.3 Explain the working of electrical appliances like
i. Incandescent bulb
ii. Electric kettle

16 | P a g e
iii. Electric Iron
iv. Geyser and etc.
5.4 Derive the relationship between KWH & K Cal
5.5 Define thermal efficiency.
5.6 Solve simple problems on thermal efficiency.

COURSE CONTENT:

1. Comprehend the Basic principles of electricity:


Atomic Structure, Differences conductors, Insulators and semi – conductors, Concept
of Electric charge, Concept of Potential, Concept of Electric Current. Ohms law, Concept
of Electrical resistance, parameters affecting resistance, specific resistance, temperature
coefficient, work power and energy, Series, parallel and series parallel circuits.

2. Comprehend the D.C. Networks:


Net work terminology-Networks solution by Kirchhoff’s laws, Wheat stone’s bridge
network- its applications Star/delta transformation- problems.

3. Explain the Concept of Magnetism and Electromagnetism:


Electromagnetic Effect , Magnetic fields, field patterns, permeability, flux, flux density,
susceptibility, comparison between electro static and magnetic lines of force and Eddy
current losses. Work law, Biot-savarts’ law, Fleming’s left hand rule, MMF, Reluctance,
Hysteresis loss.

4. Explain the Concept of Electromagnetic Induction:


Faraday’s law, Lenz’s Law, dynamically induced EMF, statically induced EMF, Self
and Mutual Inductance, Co-efficient of coupling, Series connection of inductances,
Energy stored in magnetic field.

5. Appreciate the Heating effects of Electric current:


Define mechanical equivalent of heat. Define Joule’s Law, latent heat, specific heat
and efficiency, simple problems.

REFERENCE BOOKS

1. Electrical Technology by H. Cotton


2. A Text Book of Electrical Technology, Vol.-I – B.L.Theraja & A.K. Teraja
3. Introduction to Basic Elec. Engg. By V.K. Mehta
4. Basic Electrical Engineering by J.B. Gupta.
5. Electrical Technology by P.S. Duggal

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BASIC ELECTRONICS
(Common to BM/CP/CN/ES/EV/IE Branches)

Subject Title : BASIC ELECTRONICS


Subject Code : 1x06
Periods / week : 04
Periods /Semester : 60

Time Schedule with Blue Print

Weight Reme Under Appl Analy No. of No. of


No. of
S.No Major Topic age of mberin standi ying zing Short Essay
Periods
Marks g ng Qns Qns
1. Electronic passive
Components 12 26 16 10 - - 2 2
2 Switches, relays
and PCB’s 8 13 3 10 1 1
3 Semiconductor
Physics 10 16 03 13 - 2 1
4 Semiconductor
Diodes 15 29 03 10 13 - 3 2
5 Rectifiers
15 26 3 10 03 10 2 2

Total 60 110 28 43 26 13 10 08

OBJECTIVES:
On completion of the study of the subject a student should be able to comprehend the following:

1.0 Know different types of Electronic Passive Components.


1.1 Define different types of materials. Give examples for - conductors, semiconductors,
insulators
1.2 Define passive and Active elements
1.3 Define Resistance and Resistivity of a material
1.4 Classify the Resistors –fixed, variable, carbon, metal film and wire wound resistor
1.5 List the ratings of a Resistor.
1.6 Explain Resistor colour-coding for carbon and Metal Film Resistors.
1.7 Explain the features of above resistors with respect to size,power rating and tolerance
1.8 List the applications of the above Resistors.
1.9 Mention special purpose Resistors LDR, VDR,Thermistor , Sensistor
1.10 Explain the principle of LDR (Photo conductivity)
1.12 Explain the construction of LDR
1.13 Draw and Explain LDR Characteristics
1.14 List any 3 applications of LDR like Twilight switch ,optical counter
1.15 Draw and Explain VDR characteristics
1.16 Define capacitor and capacitance.
1.17 Explain charging and discharging of a capacitor.
1.18 List the factors affecting capacitance and voltage rating.
1.19 Define dielectric constant and dielectric strength of capacitor
1.20 Classify the capacitors
1.21 List their applications and ranges
1.22 Give the colour code for Tubular ceramic capacitor and Disc capacitor.
1. 23 Mention the losses in a capacitor

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1.24 Define inductor and Self Inductance, mutual Inductance .
1.25 Define Transformer.
1.26 Explain the principle of Transformer
1.27 Classify the Transformers based on the applications.(Power, AF&RF- Iron core &
Ferrite)
1.28 List any 3 applications for the above

2.0 Familiarize different types of switches, relays and PCB’s


2.1 Explain the working of switch
2.2 Classify Switches according to poles and throws-SPST, SPDT, DPST, DPDT and
multi pole multi throw
2.3 Explain the working of toggle, push button, rotary, slide, keyboard and thumb wheel
switches
2.4 Define relay and Classify relays
2.5 Explain construction and working of Electromagnetic Relay.
2.6 Explain the differences between Conventional circuits and printed circuit Boards.
2.7 Classify the PCBs.
2.8 List types of laminates used in PCB’s
2.9 Mention the methods of lay out preparation of PCB
2.10 List the steps involved in PCB manufacturing processes
2.11 State the advantages of PCBs.

3.0 Understand Semiconductor Physics.


3.1. Describe the atomic structure of Germanium, and Silicon semi conductor materials.
3.2. Explain energy levels and energy bands in solids.
3.3. Explain the difference between Conductor, Semi conductor and Insulator on the
basis of Energy band structure with illustration.
3.4. List the properties of Semi Conductors and effect of Temperature on Semi
conductors.
3.5. Define doping.
3.6. Differentiate between Intrinsic and Extrinsic Semi conductors.
3.7. Describe the formation of n – type and p – type materials.
3.8. Explain hole Current, majority carriers and minority carriers
3.9. Explain drift current and diffusion current
3.10. Compare between drift and diffusion currents

4.0 Understand the properties of PN Diode and Zener Diode.


4.1 Explain the formation of P – N junction and its properties.
4.2 Explain the concept of potential barrier
4.3 Describe the operation of P – N Junction diode with forward bias and Reverse bias.
4.4 Draw the Symbol of P – N Junction diode and give its specifications.
4.5 Draw the Volt – Amp characteristic of a P – N Junction diode and explain each
region.
4.6 Estimate the Forward/ Reverse resistance of the Diode from the characteristic curve.
4.7 State the effect of temperature on the Forward and Reverse Characteristics of P – N
junction diode.
4.8 Give the Symbol of Zener diode and also give its applications.
4.9 Draw the Volt – Amp characteristics of Zener diode and explain them.
4.10 Distinguish between Zener breakdown and avalanche breakdown
4.11 Explain the working principle of LED.and LCD.
4.12 Differentiate between LED and LCD.
4.13 Explain the working principle of varactor diode, Photo diode and solar cell

19 | P a g e
5.0 Describe the working principle of Rectifiers.
5.1 Differentiate between DC power supplies and Battery
5.2 Define Rectifier. Classify rectifiers
5.3 Explain the working of HWR.
5.4 Derive expressions for Vdc, Idc, Vrms, Irms, efficiency ,ripple factor and regulation.
5.5 Define the PIV rating of the Rectifier diode and state its importance
5.6 Explain the working of FWR using center tapped transformer.
5.7 Derive expression for Vdc, Idc, Vrms, Irms, efficiency and ripple factor for FWR.
5.8 Explain the working of FW Bridge rectifier
5.9 Explain the regulation characteristics of FWR
5.10 Identify the reasons for poor regulation in rectifier circuits.
5.11 Compare the performance parameters of HWR & FWR.
5.12 Explain the need for a filter circuit in rectifier .
5.13 Explain C, LC & CLC type filter circuits
5.14 Explain simple Zener Voltage Regulator.
5.15 Draw the block diagram and explain regulated power supply.

COURSE CONTENTS

1.0 Electronic passive Components.


Conductor, Semiconductors, Insulators and dielectric materials. Resistance
and Resistivity, ratings of a Resistor, Classification of the Resistors..NTC,PTC,LDR &
VDR characteristics, color-coding of Resistors, Capacitor and Capacitance, charging
and discharging of a capacitor. Factors affecting capacitance and voltage rating.
Classification of capacitors-applications of various Capacitors..Inductors and
Transformers- Self Inductance, mutual Inductance. Applications of various
transformers.
2.0 Switches, relays and PCB’s
Switches characteristics and their applications. SPST,SPDT,DPST,DPDT
and multi pole multi throw Switches, Electromagnetic Relays, Conventional circuits
and printed circuit Boards-advantages of PCBs.Steps involved in PCB
manufacturing Processes.
3.0 Semiconductor Physics.
Atomic structure of semi conductor materials. Energy levels and energy
bands in solids.Effect of Temperature on Semi conductors, Doping, Intrinsic and
Extrinsic Semi conductors.Formation of n – type and p – type materials.Drift and
Diffusion currents
4.0 Semiconductor Diodes.
Formation of P- N junction and its properties. concept of potential barrier,
operation of P - N Junction diode with Forward bias and Reverse bias. Effect of
temperature on the Forward and Reverse Characteristics of P – N junction diode.
Zener diode Volt – Amp characteristics and its applications. Zener breakdown and
avalanche breakdown, Zener Voltage Regulator. LED, LCD, Varactor diodes, Photo
diode and solar cell.
5.0 Rectifiers and power supplies
Semiconductor diode as a rectifier, Half wave, full wave and bridge rectifiers.
Definitions of PIV, ripple factor, regulation and rectification efficiency. Type of filter
circuits L section and II section filter, Regulated power supply, zener diode voltage
regulator.

REFERENCE BOOKS
1. Electronic Components and materials by D.V.Prasad.
2. Fundamentals of Electronic Devices by David A. Bell.
3. Electronic circuits by Malvino.
4. Basic Electronics and Linear circuits by N.N. Bhargava, D.C. Kulshreshtha, S.C.

20 | P a g e
Gupta (T.T.T.I) Chandigarh
5. Electronic Components and materials by Madhuri A. Joshi.
6. Integrated Electronics – Milliman & Halkias
7. Electronic Devices and Circuits - Milliman & Halkias.
8 Solid State Electronic Devices – Streetman
9. Introduction to Basic Elec. Engg. By V.K. Mehta
10. A Text Book of Electrical Technology, Vol.I – B.L.Thereja
11 Basic Electrical Engineering by J.B. Gupta.

21 | P a g e
ENGINEERING DRAWING-I
(Common to BM/CP/CN/ES/EV/IE Branches)

Subject Title : Engineering Drawing-I


Subject Code : 1X07
Periods/Week : 06
Periods Per Year : 90

TIME SCHEDULE

Short Essay Und


Weight Anal
S. Major Topics Perio Answer type Remem ersta Appl
ageof ysin
No ds Questi Questi bering ndin ying
marks g
ons ons g
Importance of Engineering
1 06 - - -
Drawing
2 Drawing instruments 06 - - -
Free hand lettering &
3 09 5 1 - 5
Numbering
4 Dimensioning Practice 15 5 1 - 5
5 Geometrical construction 30 35 1 3 5 30
Projection of points, Lines,
6 24 25 1 2 5 10 10
Planes
Total 90 70 04 05 15 45 10

OBJECTIVES:
On completion of the study of this subject the student should be able to Understand the
Importance of Engineering Drawing

1.0 Understand the importance of Engineering Drawing


1.1 State the importance of drawing as engineering communication medium.
1.2 State the necessity of I.S. Code of practice for Engineering Drawing.
1.3 Appreciate the linkages between Engineering drawing and other subjects of study in
Diploma course.

2.0 Use of Engineering Drawing Instruments


2.1 Select the correct instruments and draw lines of different orientation.
2.2 Select the correct instruments and draw small and large Circles.
2.3 Select the correct instruments for measuring distances on the drawing.
2.4 Use correct grade of pencil for different types of lines, thickness and given function.
2.5 Select and use appropriate scales for a given application.
2.6 Identify different drawing sheet sizes as per I.S. and Standard Lay-outs.
2.7 Prepare Title block as per I.S. Specifications.
2.8 Identify the steps to be taken to keep the drawing clean and tidy.

22 | P a g e
3.0 Write Free Hand Lettering and Numbering
3.1 Write titles using sloping lettering and numerals as per B.I.S (Bureau of Indian
standards)
3.2 Write titles using vertical lettering and numerals as per B.I.S.
3.3 Select suitable sizes of lettering for different layouts and applications.

4.0 Understand Dimensioning Practice


4.1 State the need of dimensioning of the drawing according to accepted standard.
4.2 Define “Dimensioning”.
4.3 Identify notations of Dimensioning used in dimensioned drawing.
4.4 Identify the system of placement of dimensions in the given dimensioned drawing.
4.5 Dimension a given drawing using standard notations and desired system of
dimensioning.
4.6 Dimension standard features applying necessary rules.
4.7 Arrange dimensions in a desired method given in a drawing.
4.8 Identify the departures if any made in the given dimensioned drawing with reference
to SP-46-1988 and dimension the same correctly.

5.0 Apply Principles of Geometric Constructions


5.1 Divide a given straight line into desired number of equal parts.
5.2 Draw tangent lines and arcs.
5.3 Construction of any Polygon when one side of a Polygon is given.
5.4 Inscribing a Polygon of any number of sides in a circle of given diameter.
5.5 Construction of a Hexagon by different methods.
5.6 Circumscribing a Hexagon on a circle of given diameter.
5.8 Define ellipse, parabola hyperbola, involute, cycloid, and helix.
5.9 Construction of Parabola, Ellipse and Hyperbola by general method (i.e.,when
eccentricity and distance of the focus from the directrix are given)
5.10 Construction of ellipse by concentric circles method and paper trammel method.
5.11 Construction of parabola by rectangle method.
5.12 Construction of rectangular hyperbola when a point on it is given and when the
angle between the asymptotes is i) 900 and ii) an acute angle.
5.13 Construction of Involute, cycloid and helix from the given data.
5.14 State the applications of the above constructions in Engineering practice.

6.0 Apply Principles of Projection of points, lines & planes


6.1 Explain the projection of a point with respect to reference planes (HP & VP)
6.2 Explain the projections of straight lines with respect to two reference planes.
6.3 Explain the projections of planes.

COURSE CONTENTS

NOTE:
1. I.S. / B.S Latest Specification should invariably be followed in all the
topics.
2. A-2 Size Drawing Sheets are to be used for all Drawing Practice
Exercises.

1. Understand the importance of Engineering Drawing


Explanation of the scope and objectives of the subject of Engineering Drawing its
importance as a graphic communication. Need for preparing drawing as per standards
– SP-46 –1988. Mention of I.S.O and B.I.S-Role of drawing in -engineering education
Link between Engineering drawing and other subjects of study.

23 | P a g e
2. Engineering drawing Instruments
Classifications: Basic Tools, tools for drawing straight lines, tools for curved lines, tools
for measuring distances and special tools like mini drafter & drafting machine,
Mentioning of names under each classification and their brief description -Scales:
Recommended scales reduced & enlarged Lines: Types of lines, selection of line
thickness - Selection of Pencils
Sheet Sizes: A0, A1, A2, A3, A4, A5, Layout of drawing sheets in respect of A0, A1, A3
sizes,
Sizes of the Title block and its contents - Care and maintenance of Drawing Sheet,
To draw “Lay out of sheet “ – and as per SP-46-1988 to a suitable scale.
Simple Exercises on the use of Drawing Instruments.
Importance of Title Block.
Drawing Plate 1: (Consisting of 01 to 08 exercises)
To draw geometric shapes (standard) using drawing instruments –To draw layout of
sheet and title block.

3. Free hand lettering & numbering


Importance of lettering – Types of lettering
Guide Lines for Lettering
Recommended sizes of letters & numbers –
Advantages of single stroke or simple style of lettering –
Drawing plate 2: (Consisting of 8 to 10 exercises)
To print the table of Types of lines as per latest ISI Standards.
To print the table of “Recommended sizes of letters and numerals” – as per Standards.
Selection of suitable size of letters and numbers and draw the given titles, phrases
using both vertical and sloping styles.

4. Dimensioning practice
Purpose of engineering Drawing, need of I.S.I code in dimensioning –
Shape description of an Engineering object - Definition of Dimensioning
size description - Location of features, fully dimensioned Drawing - Notations or tools
of dimensioning, dimension line extension line, leader line, arrows, symbols, number
and notes, rules to be observed in the use of above tools – Systems of dimensioning:
Aligned system and unidirectional system (SP-46-1988). Methods of dimensioning:
Chain, parallel, combined Chain and Parallel dimensioning and progressive
dimensioning. The rules for dimensioning standard, features “Circles (holes) arcs,
angles, tapers, chamfers, and dimension of narrow spaces.

Drawing Plate 3: (Consisting of 12 to 15 exercises)


Dimensioning a given drawing using the above tools, rules and systems of
dimensioning. Dimensioning practice in various methods of dimensioning stated
above. Dimensioning given common features listed. Exercise in identifying the
departures made in a given dimensioned drawing from I.S.I. Code of practice.

5. Geometric Construction
Division of a straight line: to divide a straight line into given number of equal parts.
Construction of tangent lines: to draw tangent lines touching two circles
Internally and externally.
Construction of tangent arcs
i) To draw tangent arc of given radius to touch two lines which are inclined at a
given angle (acute, right and obtuse angles).
ii) Tangent arc of given radius touching a circle or an arc and a
given line.
iii) Tangent arcs of radius R touching two given circles internally and externally.

24 | P a g e
Drawing Plate 4: (Consisting of 10 to 12 exercises)
Polygons: Construction of any Polygon when one side of the Polygon is given,
Inscribing a polygon of any number of sides in a circle of given diameter.
Circumscribing a Hexagon on a circle of given diameter.
Hexagon: Construction of a hexagon by i) Set squares method ii) Compass method
when the side of a hexagon is given.

Drawing Plate 5: (Consisting of 12 to 15 exercises)


Conical Curves: Explanation of Ellipse, Parabola, Hyperbola as sections of a double
cone and a loci of a moving point, Eccentricity of above curves –Their Engg.
Applications viz. Bolts and Nuts, Projectiles, reflectors and P.V. Diagram of a
Hyperbolic process,
Construction of Parabola, Ellipse and Hyperbola by general method.
Construction of Ellipse using.
i) Concentric circles method.
ii) Paper trammel method.
iii) Construction of parabola by rectangle method.
iv) Construction of rectangular hyperbola when a point on it is given and when the
angle between the asymptotes is i) 900 and ii) an acute angle.

Drawing Plate 6: (Consisting of 12 to 15 exercises)


General Curves: Construction of Involute, Cycloid and Helix from the given data.
Drawing Plate: 7 (Consisting of 12 to 15 exercises)
Exercises mentioned above at the rate of at least one problem on each “construction”.

6. Projection of points, lines and planes.


Projecting a point on two planes of projection
Projecting a point on three planes of projection
Drawing Plate 8: (Consisting of 12 to 15 exercises)
Projection of straight lines.
(a) Parallel to one or both the planes.
(b) Contained by one or both the planes.
(c) Perpendicular to one of the planes.
(d) inclined to one plane and parallel to other plane
Drawing Plate 9: (Consisting of 12 to 15 exercises)
Projection of planes
(a) Plane perpendicular to both HP and VP
(b) Plane perpendicular to HP and parallel to VP and vice versa.
(c) Plane perpendicular to HP and inclined to VP and vice versa.
Drawing Plate10: (Consisting of 12 to 15 exercises)

REFERENCE BOOKS

1. First Year Engineering Drawing – B.R. Gupta.


2. Engineering Drawing by N.D.Bhatt.
3. “A First Year Engineering Drawing” – A.C. Parkinson (Metric Edition).
4. T.S.M. & S.S.M on “ Technical Drawing” prepared by T.T.T.I., Madras.
5. SP-46-1998 – Bureau of Indian Standards.
6. Introduction to Engineering Drawing R.C.Mouli – V.Rama Rao – M. Venkateswarlu.

25 | P a g e
PHYSICS & CHEMISTRY LAB PRACTICE
(Common to CN / IE Branches only)

Subject title : Physics & Chemistry Lab Practice


Subject code : 1X08
Periods / week : 06
Total periods / Year : 90

Part-I : Physics Lab Practice – 45 Periods (3 periods per week )

List of Experiments No. of Periods

1. Vernier calipers 3
2. Screw gauge 3
3. Parallelogram law of forces and
Triangle law of forces (verification) 3
4. Simple pendulum 3
5. Velocity of sound in air (Resonance method) 3
6. Focal length and focal power of convex lens 3
7. Refractive index of solid using traveling microscope 3
8. Meter bridge 3
9. Mapping of magnetic lines of force 3
10. Sensing and observing the radio frequency on RF oscillator 3
11. CRO Demonstration 3
Revision 9
Test 3
---------
Total 45
----------

S.no Name of the experiment Objectives Key competencies

1. Vernier Calipers To determine the volumes of given The student is able to find
cylinder and sphere. the dimensions of objects.
2. Screw Gauge To determine the thickness of The student is able to find
glass plate and area of cross the dimensions of smaller
section of wire. objects.
3. Parallelogram & Triangle law To verify parallelogram law & The student is able to find
of forces Triangle law of forces. mass of objects by applying
these laws.
4. Simple Pendulum To find acceleration due to gravity The student is able to find
at a place. acceleration due to gravity at
any place.
5. Velocity of Sound To determine the Velocity of sound The student is able to
in air at room temperature. identify resonance.
6. Focal length & Power of To determine the Focal length & The student is able to find
Convex Lens Power of convex lens. the Focal length & power of
any convex lens.
7. Refractive Index of Solid To determine the Refractive index The student is able to find
of glass slab using travelling micro the Refractive index of any
scope. transparent solid material.

26 | P a g e
8. Meter Bridge To determine the resistance & The student is able to find
specific resistance of wire. the resistance & specific
resistance of any wire.
9. Mapping of Magnetic lines of To draw the magnetic lines of force The student is able to draw
Force & to locate neutral points. magnetic lines of force &
able to give the direction of
magnetic lines.
10. Sensing & observing the To generate & detect electro- The student is able to
radio frequency magnetic wave at radio understand how electro-
(Demonstration) frequencies using RF oscillator. magnetic waves are
generated.
11. CRO (Demonstration) To Demonstrate CRO & to find The student is able to
wave length & time period of sine understand sine wave & its
wave. properties.

27 | P a g e
Part-II : Chemistry Lab Practice – 45 Periods (3 periods per week )

List of Experiments

1. Introduction to volumetric analysis


2. Preparation of Std Na2 CO3 and making different diluted solution.
3. Estimation of HCl solution using Std. Na2 CO3 solution
4. Estimation of NaOH using Std. HCl solution
5. Estimation of H 2 SO 4 using Std. NaOH solution
6. Determination of acidity of water sample
7. Determination of alkalinity of water sample

DEMONSTRATION EXPERIMENTS

1. Determination of pH using pH meter


2. Determination of conductivity of water and adjusting ionic strength to required level.

List of experiments

1 Introduction to volumetric analysis 6

2 Preparation of Std Na2 CO3 and making different diluted solutions. 3

3 Estimation of HCl solution using Std. Na2 CO3 solution 3

4 Estimation of NaOH using Std. HCl solution 3

5 Estimation of H 2 SO 4 using Std. NaOH solution 3

6 Estimation of Mohr’s Salt using Std. KMnO4 3

7 Determination of acidity of water sample 3

8 Determination of alkalinity of water sample 3

9 Determination of total hardness of water using Std. EDTA solution 3

10 Estimation of Chlorides present in water sample 3

DEMONSTRATION EXPERIMENTS

11 Determination of pH using pH meter 3

12 Determination of conductivity of water and adjusting ionic strength to required 3


level.

13 Determination of turbidity of water 3

14 Estimation of total solids present in water sample 3


Total periods 45

OBJECTIVES

28 | P a g e
Upon the completion of the practice the student shall be able to
1) a) Different types of analysis.
b) Identify the apparatus used in Chemistry lab
c) Identify of chemicals used in lab

2) To prepare 250ml of 0.05M Na2 CO3 solution.


3) To find the Molarity and to estimate the Hydrochloric acid present in 1 litre of
solution by using 0.05M Sodium carbonate solution.
4) To find the Molarity and to estimate the amount of sodium hydroxide present
in 1 litre of solution by using 0.05M Hydrochloric acid solution.
5) To find the Molarity and to estimate the amount of sulphuric acid present in
250ml of solution by using 0.05M sodium hydroxide solution.
6) To find the Molarity and to estimate the amount of Ferrous Ammonium
Sulphate (Mohr`s salt) present in 1 litre of solution by using 0.02M Potasium
permanganate solution.
7) To determine the partial and total acidity of given water sample by using 0.02M
Sodium hydroxide solution.
8) To determine the partial and total alkalinity of given water sample by using
0.02M sulphuric acid solution.
9) To determine the total hardness of water sample by EDTA method.
10) To determine the chloride content present in water sample using Argentometry
method.
11) To determine the pH value of a solution using universal indicator and pH colour
chart compare with pH meter.
12) To determine the conductivity of the water sample
13) To measure the turbidity in NTU of the water sample.
14) To estimate the total dissolved solids present in the given water sample.

s.no Objective Competency Key competency

1 Introduction to 1.Identification of Identify and handling of


volumetric analysis apparatus burette, pipette, beaker,
2. Know different types of conical flask, burette stand,
analysis. glazed tile
3. Should be able know
about titrations.
2 Preparation of Std Na2 Making a solution of Student is able to
CO3 and making known concentration. 1.dilution of standard solution
different diluted 2.weighing of compound
solutions. 3.solubility of a compound

3 Estimation of HCl 1.Identify the chemicals 1.write reaction between acid


solution using Std. and base
Na2 CO3 solution 2.observe the colour change
3.substitution of values in
formula finding the amount of
HCl

29 | P a g e
4 Estimation of NaOH 1.Identify the chemicals 1.reaction between acid and
using Std. HCl solution HCl, NaOH base
2.observe the end point
3.substitution of values in
formula
5 Estimation of H 2 SO 4 1.Identify the chemicals 1.reaction between acid and
using Std. NaOH H 2 SO 4, . NaOH base
solution 2.observe the colour change
3.substitution of values in
formula
6 Estimation of Mohr’s 1.Identify the chemicals 1.Know about redox process
Salt using Std. KMnO4 Mohr’s Salt KMnO4 2.concept of self indicator

7 Determination of acidity Identify the causes of 1.reaction between acid and


of water sample acidity base
2.observe the colour change
3.substitution of values in
formula
8 Determination of 1.Identify the causes of 1.reaction between base and
alkalinity of water alkalinity acid
sample 2.observe the colour change
3.substitution of values in
formula
9 Determination of total 1.Identify the salts present 1.understanding the formula
hardness of water using in hard water and structure of EDTA
Std. EDTA solution 2.Different types of 2.Indicator used in titration
hardness 3.complex formation

10 Estimation of Chlorides Identify the different types 1.reaction between chlorides


present in water sample of chlorides. and silver nitrate
2.Identify the end point

DEMONSTRATION EXPERIMENTS

11 Determination of pH Identify electrode Calibration of pH meter


using pH meter Identify the pH meter Taking the reading

12 Determination of Identify electrode Calibration of conductometer


conductivity of water and Identify the condoctometer Taking the reading
adjusting ionic strength
to required level.

13 Determination of turbidity Identify the turbidity meter Find the turbidity of water
of water

14 Estimation of total solids Identify the process of Find the solids in water
present in water sample evaporation sample

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Electrical Workshop Practice
(Common to BM/CP/ES/EV Branches only )

Subject title : Electrical Workshop Practice


Subject code : 1X08
Periods per week : 6
Periods / Semester : 90
TIME SCHEDULE

Sl Major Topics Periods


NO
1 Identification of different Tools and Materials and their working 30
2 Identification of different wires, cables and House wiring 30
3 Soldering practice & Preparation of PCB 30
Total Periods 90

List of the Experiments


Exp Name of the Experiment Objectives Key competencies
No
1 Know the safety precautions and a) Precautions to be followed a) Take precautions to
first aid in the laboratory ,(starting and prevent accidents in
Stopping of equipment / the laboratory b)
Machinery) b) symbols and Alerting under
their meaning c) Clear emergency situations
understanding of emergencies c) Basic first aid.
, b) Sequence of actions to be
carried out c) basic first aid
procedure
2 Cleaning the equipment and Work Keeping work area clean Should be able to
Tables including Visual inspection - Familiarization with equipment clean the equipment
reporting any physical damage (3) Procedure for cleaning with appropriate
Use of Detergents, Shampoos cleaning agent.
and solvents. Precautions to Report any damage to
be taken (use of masks, the power cords ,
Gloves etc) missing fuses , Low
Precautions to be taken a) battery in DMMS etc.
Handling the equipment b)
Personal (Washing hands with
soda after cleaning the
equipment)
3 Identifying and practicing with 1Measuring Tape 2. Steel
Measuring and Marking Tools (3) rule 3.Trysquare 4. Center
Punch 5. Plumb
A) Handling the equipment
B)Use the measuring tape to
measure a distance of 6 feet
and above accurately and
mark.
B) Use the steel rule to
measure an odd length
given in inches and in
millimeters accurately and
mark.
c) Use the Try square to mark

31 | P a g e
perpendicular lines by
selecting a finished edge.
d) Use the centre punch to
mark centre points as per the
drawing
e) Use the plumb to observe
1) inclination of wall ii) mark
two horizontal points on a
wall at a given height and at
a given distance.
4 Working with different type of screw
Drivers . (3) a)
Identifying 1. Screw Driver a) b) Flat
Head Screwdrivers c) Ratcheting
Screwdrivers
b) Use the Screw Driver to Remove
and Fix wooden Screws
C) Fixing and Removing screws of
Metal cabinets using correct screw
Driver
5 Working With Basic tools Select Right tool for a
(6) a) Identify 1.Hacksaw particular situation b)
frame/Blade 2. Ball peen hammers a) to identify and know the Use the above tool
3. Sledge hammer. 4 Claw hammer usage b) To develop skills in with skill
5 Anvil 6 Chisels 7. Bench vice using the above instruments
b) Fix the Hacksaw blade in the
frame and use it to cut a) Conduit
pipe b) Cut the Wooden piece with
hacksaw frame by fixing it in the
bench vice.
c) Use a cold chisel to cut the 6mm
Rod to required length.
d) Use the sledge hammer to bend
a 6mm Rod into a ring by striking
it on the Anvil
e) Drive nails in to a wooden piece
with ball peen hammer.
f) Remove the Nails using claw
hammer

6 Working with Tools used in Identification of above tools, identifying the tools by
Electrical Wiring (3) A ) know their purpose and usage their shape and size
Identifying 1. wire stripper . 2. b) Identifying the tool
Insulation remover 3. Pocket knife by their name . Select
5.Electrical Tester 4.Phillips Head correct tool for a
Screwdrivers 5. Mallet 6. Rawl particular operation c)
plug jumper 7.Standard wire Gauge measure the wire
b) Use the above tools to remove Gauge d) Fix a screw
the insulation. in the wall.
c) Use the mallet to straighten the
cable/ Conductor
d) Measure the gauge of wire using
Standard Wire Gauge.
e) Make a hole in the wall for fixing

32 | P a g e
a Screw/ Nail using Raw plug
Jumper and ball peen Hammer.
7 Working with different fastening To identify various fastening Use the fastening
devices, spanners, wrenches and devices by their name and devices
Allen/ Hex keys (3) shape Use the tools.
1. Identification of different types of Know the usage and selection
fastening devices like Screws, Bolts of the tools
and Nuts, Rivets, and know their
specifications
b) Tightening the bolts and nuts
using correct type and number of
spanner a) Normal b) Ring type ,
c) Use the Monkey Wrench and
Pie wrench to Tighten GI pipe
coupling
8 Identifying and Working with Pliers To identify various types of Use the suitable
(3) {Pliers by their name and pliers
a) Identify and Know the various shape For a given job
functions of cutting pliers, Nose Know the usage and selection
pliers, Pipe pliers, Flush cutter, top of the tools
cutting pliers, Electronics pliers,
Insulated cutting pliers
b) perform the following operations
1. Holding 2. Wire cutting 3.
Component bending 4. Twisting the
wire
9 Working with Drilling Machine . (3) Know the purpose and types Use the drilling
1. Identify the parts of Drilling of drilling machines machine to make
Machine and drill bits used with Fix the drilling bit in the chuck holes
hand drilling machine Safety precautions to be
b) Use the Hand drill to make holes taken
in the wood
c) use Electrical hand held hammer
drill to make holes in the wall.
C . Identify Electrical drilling
machine and observe how holes
are made in Mild steel Plates
10 Identification of Grinding machine Identification of different5 Identify the machine
3.Lathe machine 4. Milling machine machines and their use in the and its function.
5. Blower. (3) workshop
a) Identify Grinding machines and
observe its usage to sharpen cutting
tools and Drill bits and for cutting
operation on metals.
b) Identify Lathe machine and
observe various operations like
turning , taper turning , Knurling ,
Boring Etc
c) Identify the milling machine and
Know its usage.
d) identify the Electric Blower and
use it for Removing dust and
cleaning
11 Working with Adhesives (3) To know and practice joining Join the parts using

33 | P a g e
a) Practice the use of adhesives using different adhesives Araldite, Mseal etc.
like Araldite , Feviquick, Fevicol,
Mseal, to join Non metals Know the use of adhesives in
b) Using PVC cement to join PVC Fixing components on PCBs
Pipes
12 Identifying conductors insulating Identify the Copper , To identify conductors
materials semiconductors and aluminum , iron and other and Insulators
magnetic materials like metals by physical
(1 ½) observation
1. Copper , Aluminum , Tin ,Solder Identify the Insulating
Metal . materials by their name and
2. Plastics, Teflon, PVC, glass, physical observation
porcelain, ceramic Bakelite, Mica,
Paper, Cotton sleeves, Prespahn
sheet, Transformer Oil. Etc
3. Carbon rods
4. Iron , Steel, Ferrites
13 . Identification of different wires and Knowing the technical names Identifying the type of
cables (1 of the wires wire and its current
½) Knowing the gauge of the wire carrying capacity
a) Identifying different wires and Knowing the insulation used
cables used in the industry and its purpose
1.Hookup wires a. PVC wire b. Identifying the difference
Teflon wires c.single strand d. multi between single strand and
strand Multistrand wire
B) Wires used for electrical wiring Selecting a wire for a
a) Service wire b.. TRS wires /PVC particular application
Wires (Al and Cu) Finding the current carrying
c .single strand d. Multi strand e. capacity from the gauge of
twisted Flexible pair wires f. wire (refer to the standard
Enameled copper wire tables)
B) 1. Power cord. 2. UTP cables
4.Co axial cables 5. Flat ribbon
cable for antennas 6. 9.Telephone
cable 10.Ethernet cable 11. Ribbon
cables 12 . Optical fiber
14 Practice of wire joints To know the types of joints Make the joint
6 and their purpose. professionally and
To perform the following wire joints Removing the insulation tape
operations a) Twisting b) Splicing Taping the joint
c) Insulating d) Western union joint
e) Married joint f) Britania (straight
Joint) g) Tee joint h) Joining running
cables ,Pigtail or rat tail joint
15 .Practice Termination of wires Know the usage of terminal Use the terminal Block
3 blocks
a) Using lugs Using screws , nuts Making connections
Terminal blocks Fixing Fuse wire

16 Identifying the Electrical Know the names of different Connect the Electrical
accessories electrical accessories accessories.
a) SPST Switch ,SPDT switch , Identify the item by its shape
Two pin and 3pin Sockets and plugs Know the purpose of electrical
,Power Socket and Power plugs accessories

34 | P a g e
Lamp holders, Ceiling rose, Mains
Switch,MCB ,Kitkat Fuse – Fuse
wire ratings

17 . Know the mains supply Knowledge of mains supply- Identifying phase and
Phase ,Neutral ,Ground Precautions to be taken Neutral terminals in
Voltage and frequency Identification Phase and mains supply with
specifications, Precautions Neutral terminals in mains tester
Identification of socket phase and supply Identifying Earth
neutral by observation (standard connections with Test
Practices) Know the purpose of earthing lamp
Standard wire colours Testing
phase, neutral and ground with 2pin and 3pin Plug
Electrical tester &Test lamp connections
b) Repairing /preparing 2pin and
3pin power cords

18 Understand the difference between To understand the behavoiur Distinguish between


AC and DC by demonstration of Direct Current AC and DC
1. Experiment with 12 V battery To Check the polarity of DC
2. Demonstrate unidirectional voltage source Know the importance
current flow Know the importance of of polarity in DC
3. Importance of polarity polarity in DC circuits circuits
4. Determination of polarity using a
Voltmeter /LED Observing the AC signal on
5. Demonstrate reversal of current CRO
using battery and DPDT switch
6. Demonstrate AC using a Low
voltage Transformer
7. Show AC waveform on CRO

19 . Know the electrical symbols Identify the physical Identify the physical
And identify the corresponding component from the symbol component from the
component /item symbol

20 Make simple switch connections To understand Switch Know the switch


using low voltage transformer connections connections
1. Connecting a 6V lamp to a switch To know the use of two way Make stair case wiring
(toggle) switch for stair case wiring
2. 2 way switch connections Series and parallel connection
3. Series and parallel connection of of lamps
lamps

21 ..Making either of a lamp glow by To understand Switch Know the usage of


two way switch connections two way switch
5. Bright and Dim light arrangement To know the use of two way
(using a series lamp / using a switch for controlling lamps.
Diode)
6.either two lamps bright or two
lamps dim

22 Tube light connections (To be done Make tube light

35 | P a g e
in the presence of Instructor) Identifying the parts of tube connections
Make the tube light connections as light set
per the circuit and Test To understand tube light
a) Investigate the reason for the connections
flickering in tube light Know the purpose of Choke
b) Effect of Low Voltage On tube and starter
light ( Instructor applies low voltage Observe the behavior of
With an auto Transformer) tubelight under low voltage
c) Observe whether tubelight goes conditions
off when starter is removed. Study the construction of
d) check whether the tube light will choke
light up without starter
e) Short the terminals of starter and Know the purpose of starter
insert in the starter holder and check Observe the CFL lamp
whether the tube light will work
f) Remove the starter and
repeatedly open and short the
starter terminals with a short wire
and check whether you can make
the tube light glow.
Open the choke cover and observe
the construction .
Know the type of laminations b)
observe the small airgap c) Observe
the Winding
h) connect a CFL Lamp and draw
comparision

23 Troubleshooting/wiring electrical / Identify the problem in Identifying and


a) Electric Iron b) heating coil c) Electrical gadgets by testing it rectifying the problem
Electric Heater d) Air cooler with in Electrical Gadgets
a) physical observation
b) Using tester
c) Using test Lamp
24 Winding coils using winding To use Coil winding Machine Wind the coil and Test
machine and wind a coil of required it
.a) Making an Electromagnet and number of turns
testing it on a DC power supply. Making an electromagnet
Observing the relation
between Current , Number of
turns and Power of magnet
25 Black box testing Identifying a given component Test the given
a) identify the given component only by testing component using
concealed in a box with two Develop cognitive and Motor Multimeter
terminals available for testing using skills
multimeter
26 Identifying different switches Identifying different types of Identify the type of
a) Identify different types of switches switches by observation , By switch and its name
and their symbols name and symbol
b) Toggle switches Rotary switches,
Push button switches, DIP switches Using DPDT switch to reverse Use DPDT switch
b). Controlling a small Tape - the Direction Tape recorder
recorder motor with a DPDT switch motor
to run in forward and Reverse Observing the constructional

36 | P a g e
Directions. details and ratings of tape
recorder motor
27 . Connect a Fan regulator to ceiling Identifying and Using the Know the Fan
fan and observe the rotary witch Rotary switch Regulator connections
connections and power Resistors Know the Fan Regulator
connections
Understand the working of
Fan Regulator
Identify the type of Resistors
used in the Fan Regulator
28 Testing the relay Know the constructional Testing and using
a) Use of NO and NC Contacts details of Relay the relay
b) Using the relay to control a lamp Testing/identifying the coil
load connections with Multimeter
c) Using the double pole relay to Understand the purpose of
control a fan motor Relay experimentally
d) Making a simple relay motor Use the relay in practical
control using double pole relay and circuits
push button switches

29 Identify the Bimetallic strip (used in Identification of Bimetallic Identifying Bimetallic


Iron box) ande observe its Strip strips
construction Use the Bimetallic
a) Open the tube light starter and Understanding the behavior of strips in applications.
observe its construction. Bimetallic strip
b) Connect a tubelight starter in Know the constructional
series with an incandescent lamp details of tube light starter
and observe the operation of Application of bimetallic strip
bimetallic strip in practical circuits
30 . Soldering practice Know the metals which can be Practicing soldering
a. Making wire tips soldered and Desoldering
b. joining wires Know the solder specifications Populating PCBs
c. joining components Know the use of Flux in
d. populating simple circuits like, soldering Practice the
Audio amplifier ) on a breadboard soldering
e. testing the soldered connections Practice Desoldering using
using multimeter Desoldering Wick and
Desoldering Pump
31 Practice Desoldering using
Desoldering Wick and Desoldering
Pump
32 Using General purpose PCB Bending the components Solder the circuit on a
a) Populating the circuits Designing the component lay general purpose PCB
b) Making necessary cuts and joints out and Testing
c) Use of jumper wires Use of common Ground Using solderless
d) Terminating all end connections Populating the circuit Bread board
near an edge. Cutting and joining the tracks
e) Following the colour code for wherever necessary
connecting wires. Knowing the colour code foor
f) Using solderless bread board wires
Using solderless bread board
33 Identifying different types of Identifying different types of Identifying different
connectors connectors used in electronic types of connectors
a) Identifying power connectors circuits by their name used in electronic

37 | P a g e
b) Molex connectors Know the choice of connector circuits by their name
c)Edge connectors based on the requirements and use them in the
d)Terminal blocks circuits
e) Wire to Board, Board to Board ,
Flat cable connectors Keyed
connectors for microphone Male
and Female types
f) Lugs , Blade connectors, Ring and
spade terminals etc
34 Amplifier- Speaker and microphone To know the amplifier an d Connect the amplifier ,
connections speaker connections microphone and
Impedance matching speakers
Knowing the various front
panel and back panel controls
35 Connecting audio video equipment Connecting LCD Connect Audio video
and LCD projector Tuning TV Projector/TV monitor to the Equipment
a) Identifying user controls on the DVD player
equipment Identifying audio video cable
b) Setting up the projector using Tuning the TV receiver/ settop
menu control/ Remote control box
c)Identifying audio video sockets on
LCD projector /TV monitor/DVD
player
d)Connecting audio video cable to
the Monitor/ Projector to the DVD /
Settop box and testing
36 Connecting computer keyboard Know the basic computer Connect external
mouse etc Hardware and their hardware to the CPU
a) Identifying Computer Power connections
switch CPU , Keyboard , Mouse etc
b) Identifying various ports on CPU Know the names of the ports
c) Identifying computer cables on CPU
Connecting mouse Connect Speakers to the
d) Connecting keyboard computer
e)Connecting
headphones/speakers/ Microphone
f) Identifying the volume Control
g)Connecting the monitor/ LCD
Projector using VGA /HDMI cable
37 Group Project: To reinforce the skills of Complete the project
Assemble and test a small a. Reading the circuit diagram and Test it
0 to 12V , 500mA DC Power supply b. Using the Electronic
using Multi tapped transformer and components
a Rotary switch with enclosure c. Populating on General
purpose PCB
d. Reinforce mechanical skills
e. Learn testing skills
f. Building creativity

38 | P a g e
Basic Electronics lab Practice
(Common to BM/CP/CN/ES/EV/IE Branches)

Subject title : Basic Electronics lab Practice


Subject code : 1X09
Periods per week : 3
Periods / Semester : 45
TIME SCHEDULE

Sl Major Topics Periods


NO
1 Study and use of Electronic equipment 15
2 Testing of Electronic components & characteristics 15
3 Semiconductor Diodes and Rectifiers 15

Total Periods 45

List of the Experiments

1. To study and use of Electronic equipment


a. Voltmeter , Ammeter, DMM , Analog Multi meter and regulated power supply
b. Measurement of DC Voltage and DC current

2. Testing of Electronic components & characteristics


a. Measurement of Resistance
b. Measurement of capacitance
c. Measurement of inductance
d. Test the given transformer

3. Soldering practice and Desoldering practice

4. To draw the forward & reverse characteristics of Silicon diode and a)


determine
Knee voltage, b) identify Cutoff , and Linear regions
a) Connect a 6V lamp in series with diode and test it on DC power supply
b ) Using the CRO & Curve tracer to observe the Characteristics.
c) Heat the diode with a soldering Iron and observe the effect on reverse current

5. . To draw the forward & reverse characteristics of Zener diode and determine
Breakdown Voltage
Connect resistance ladder circuit(3 resistors) and measure the voltages at the
output by varying input voltage while Zener is reverse biased

6. To implement Rectifier circuits using Diodes and observe the effect of


Filtering
a) Implementing Half wave rectifier with and without filter
b) Implementing Full wave rectifier with and without filter
c) Implementing Bridge rectifier with and without filter
d) Implementing Voltage Doubler circuit
e) Connect a diode IN4007 in series with a 60W 230V Lamp and test it .(Record
your observations)

39 | P a g e
Exp Name of the Experiment Objectives Key competencies
No
1 Identifying and drawing To know the symbols used To know the symbols
Electronic circuit Symbols in Electronic Circuits used in Electronic
Identification of meters and Circuits
equipment Identifying the meters and
1. DMM 2. Analog Multimetr equipment Identifying the meters
3.DC Voltmeters/Ammeters Know their purpose and equipment
4. DC Power supply
5. DRB 6. DCB 7. DIB
8. CRO 9.Function Generator etc
2 Working with Multimeter Identifying analog and Use the Multimeter
a) Measuring the resistance Digital multimeters
using multimeter
b)Testing the wire continuity with Selecting the correct Range
multimeter Measuring Voltage ,
c) Measurement of Battery Current and Resistance
Voltage using Voltmeter and with Multimeter
Multimeter
3 Connecting batteries in series To practice of DMM Make sries and parallel
and parallel and observing the To practice Series and connection of batteries
output voltage using DMM Parallel connection of Cells Use DMM to measure
Observe the polarity Voltage
To observe the effect on
Terminal Voltage
4 Working with Resistors Identify different types of Identifying resistance
Identify different types of resistors type by observation
resistors Find the value of Resistance Finding the value of
Resistance colour code from colour code of CFR Resistance from colour
Connecting resistors in series ang MFR types code of CFR ang MFR
and parallel and measuring the Identifying the terminals on types
resistance using multimeter Rheostat Setting the
Rheostat connections Rhrostat to Minimum and Setting the Rhrostat to
Naximum positions Minimum and Naximum
Observing Resistance positions
change using DMM
5 Measurement of DC Voltage Connecting Voltmeter and measure DC Voltage and
and DC current Ammeter to measure DC Current using Voltmeter
Voltage and Current using and Ammeter
Voltmeter and Ammeter
6 Verification of Ohms Law To verify ohms law and Perform experiment as
establish relation between per procedure and draw
Voltage current and inference
Resistance
7 Measurement of Resistance Learn to Use the DRB Measure the Resistance
using Voltmeter and DRB Applying Ohms law in using Voltmeter and DRB
practical situations
8 To Verify the laws of Resistance To understand the laws of Use the multimeter to
using a nichrome wire and Resistance by experimental measure Resistance
Multimeter verification
Reinforce the skills of using
Multimeter
9 Verify the effect of temperature Observing the difference Measuring Voltage
on Resistance Using electric between Cold Resistance current and resistance

40 | P a g e
lamp and Multimeter, Voltmeter and Hot Resistance
and Ammeter
10 Investigate voltage and current Observing branch currents Measuring currents and
relationship in series and parallel in series Parallel circuits Voltages and drawing
resistive circuits Verifying current division in inferences
parallel circuits with
calculated values
11 Experimenting with transformer a)Identify the transformer Identifying the type of
a)Identify the transformer type type based on tappings transformer
based on tappings i. Center tapped ii. Multi Testing the transformer
i. Center tapped ii. Multi tapped tapped iii. Normal
iii. Normal b) Test the given transformer
b) Test the given transformer using a multimeter identify
using a multimeter identify the the windings
windings c) Find the Transformation
c) Find the Transformation ratio ratio
d) Demonstrate that transformer d) Demonstrate that
can step up or step down the transformer can step up or
voltage step down the voltage
12 . Identify different types of Identifying different types
capacitors of capacitors by their name
a) Find the value/specifications Know the specifications
of capacitor from Value printed and Ratings
,and from Color code Find the value of capacitor
from the colour code
13 Demonstrate that capacitor can Learn the behavior of Understand the behavior
hold charge ,charging and capacitor by of capacitors
discharging require a specific experimentation
time using an LED Connecting Capacitors in
a) Investigate the effect of series and parallel and
connecting capacitors in series observing the effect on total
and parallel capacitance
b) Testing the capacitor Using Testing the capacitor using Testing the capacitors
multimeter, AC source multimeter and other
(Transfomer / Function methods
generator) and headphones
14 Identifying different switches Identifying different types of Identify the type of switch
a) Identify different types of switches by observation , and its name
switches and their symbols By name and symbol
b) Toggle switches Rotary Using DPDT switch to
switches, Push button switches, reverse the Direction Tape Use DPDT switch
DIP switches recorder motor
b). Controlling a small Tape - Observing the
recorder motor with a DPDT constructional details and
switch to run in forward and ratings of tape recorder
Reverse Directions. motor
15 Testing the relay Know the constructional Testing and using the
a) Use of NO and NC Contacts details of Relay relay
b) Using the relay to control a Testing/identifying the coil
lamp load connections with Multimeter
c) Using the double pole relay to Understand the purpose of
control a fan motor Relay experimentally
d) Making a simple relay motor Use the relay in practical
control using double pole relay circuits

41 | P a g e
and push button switches
16 . Soldering practice Know the metals which can Practicing soldering and
a. Making wire tips be soldered Desoldering
b. joining wires Know the solder Populating PCBs
c. joining components specifications
d. populating simple circuits like, Know the use of Flux in
Audio amplifier ) on a soldering Practice the
breadboard soldering
e. testing the soldered Practice Desoldering using
connections using multimeter Desoldering Wick and
Desoldering Pump

17 Practice Desoldering using


Desoldering Wick and
Desoldering Pump
18 To draw the forward & reverse 1.Identification of meters 1. assembling the circuit
characteristics of Silicon diode and equipment as per the circuit diagram
and a) determine Knee voltage, 2.Using DRB, DIB, DCB 2. Identification of Diode
b) identify Cutoff , and Linear and measuring Voltage and terminals by observation
regions a) Connect a 6V lamp in current and also with DMM
series with diode and test it on DC 3.Interpreting diode & Analogue Multimeter
power supply b ) Using the CRO datasheets and finding the 3. Drawing inference
& Curve tracer to observe the specifications of and writing the report
Characteristics. c) Heat the diode components used in the
with a soldering Iron and observe experiment
the effect on reverse current
19 a)To draw the forward & 1.Identification of meters 1. Assembling the circuit
reverse characteristics of Zener and equipment as per the circuit
diode and determine Breakdown 2.Using DRB, DIB ,DCB diagram
Voltage and measuring Voltage and 2. Identification of Zener
b) Connect resistance ladder current Diode terminals by
circuit(3 resistors) and measure 3.Interpreting Zener diode observation and with
the voltages at the output by datasheets and finding the DMM &Analogue
varying input voltage while Zener specifications of Multimeter
is reverse biased components used in the 3.Drawing inference and
experiment writing the report
20 To implement Rectifier circuits 1. Drawing the symbols of 1. Assembling the circuit
using Diodes and observe the Transformer, Diode, Inductor as per the circuit diagram
effect of Filtering and Capacitor 2.Reading the 2. Using the CRO to
a) Implementing Half wave circuit Diagram observe the waveforms
rectifier with and without filter 3.Identification of Diode 3. Assess the Power
b) Implementing Full wave terminals supply performance in
rectifier with and without filter 4. Identification of meters terms of ripple and %
c) Implementing Bridge rectifier and equipment 5.Using Regulation
with and without filter DRB, DIB ,DCB and 4. Drawing inference and
d) Implementing Voltage Doubler measuring Voltage and writing the report
circuit current. 6. Observing the
e) Connect a diode IN4007 in polarity of capacitors. 7
series with a 60W 230V Lamp Interpreting diode
and test it .(Record your datasheets and finding the
observations) specifications of
components used in the
experiment

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COMPUTER FUNDAMENTALS LAB PRACTICE
(Common to BM/CP/CN/ES/EV/IE Branches)

Subject Title : Computer Fundamentals Lab Practice


Subject Code : 1X10
Periods/Week : 03
Periods/Semester : 45

OBJECTIVES

1) Identify the various components of a Computer system


2) Differentiate between hardware and software
3) State the functions of each component of a computer a system
4) State the configuration of a computer system
5) Identify the various peripherals
6) Exercise on creation of Text Files using Notepad,Wordpad
7) Exercise on creation of .jpeg, .bmp Files using MS Paint
8) Exercise on creation of folders and organizing files in different folders
9) Exercise on use of Recycle Bin
a. Deletion of files
b. Restoring of deleted files
10) Exercise on use of My Computer
a.Accessing of files and folders in C: Drive
b.Accessing of files and folders in other drives
11) Exercise on use of My Documents
a. Organizing and Accessing of files and folders
b. Organizing files in My Music, My Pictures, My Videos
12) Exercise on creation of shortcut to files and folders (in other folders) on Desktop
13) Exercise on arranging of icons – name wise, size, type, Modified
14) Exercise on searching of files and folders
15) Exercise on using of explorer for accessing of files and folders
16) Exercise on organizing files / folders using copy and paste of files and folders
17) Exercise using Calculator : in Standard and Scientific mode
18) Exercise on using Control Panel
a.Installation / Uninstallation of Software
b. Installation of Hardware
c. Changing Date and Time
19) Exercise on installation of Anti Virus software
20) Exercise on shutdown of computer system
21) Exercise on understanding the use of Taskbar
22) Exercise on using of Internet Explorer or any other browser
23) Exercise on installation of Printer
24) Exercise on using of Run from Start button – accessing Calculator, MS-Word
25) Exercise on Setup in BIOS – changing the boot sequence

43 | P a g e
S Experiment Name Objectives  Key Competencies

No

1. Identify the various Identify various  Check whether components are


components of a Computer Components of a identified correctly
system System  Identify all components inside
computer
 Identify all Peripherals
connected
 Observe the functionality of all
components like CPU, RAM,
HDD, FDD, Motherboard
2. Differentiate between To Differentiate  Observe differences between
hardware and software between hardware hardware and software
and software
3. State the configuration of a Able to observe  Use System icon in control
computer system configuration of given panel
system  Use system information in
Accessories
4. Creation of Text Files Able to Create text  Check whether able to create a
using Notepad, Wordpad file using Notepad text file using Notepad
Able to create text file  Check whether able to create a
using wordpad text file using wordpad
 Check Whether able to use
cut/copy/paste the text file using
wordpad
 Check whether able to use
cut/copy/paste the text file using
notepad
5. Exercise on creation of Able to create picture  Check whether able to create
.jpeg, .bmp Files using MS file in .jpeg format picture file .jpeg format properly
Paint Able to create picture  Check whether able to create
file in .bmp format picture file in .bmp format
properly
6. Practice on Internal & To use internal  Check whether able to use all
External commands. commands internal commands using DOS
To use External  Check whether able to use all
commands external commands using DOS
7. Create and use Batch Able to create Batch  Check whether able to create
Files. files by taking set files in creating
Able to create batch file
Autoexe.bat file  Check whether able to create
AUtoexe.bat file properly
8. Know the usage of Edline Able to use edline  Check whether able to use
Editor command to create a edline command in DOS
file environment
Able to edit a file  Check whether able to edit a file
using edline using edline command
command
9. Exercise on creation of Able to create folder  Check whether able to create
folders and organizing files Able to organize file folder using right click on
in different folders desktop

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in different folders  Check whether able to create
folder using windows explorer
 Observer in organizing files in
different folders using windows
explorer
 Observer in organizing files in
different folders using
Mycomputer
10. Exercise on using Recycle Able to Use Recycle  Check Recycle bin whether
Bin Bin able to use delete files
 Observe files were properly
restored files

11. Exercise on use of My Able to Access files  Check whether able to access
Computer and folders in C: files in C: Drive using
Drive Mycomputer correctly or not
 Check whether able to access
files in other drives using
Able Access files and Mycomputer correctly or not
folders in other drives  Check whether able use
CD/DVD drive using
Mycomputer
12. Exercise on use of My i)Able to use My  Check Whether able to
Documents documents so that organize files and folders in
organize and access Mydocuments
files and folders in it  Check Whether able to
ii)Able to use organize files in
Mydocuments so that Mymusic,Mypictures, Myvideos
Organizing files in My in Mydocuments
Music, My Pictures,  Check able to create short cut
My Videos for mydocument on desktop
iii) Able to create properly
short cut for
Mydocument on
desktop properly
13. Exercise on creation of Able to create  Check whether can able to
shortcut to files and folders shortcut of files and create shortcut for any files
(in other folders) on folders on desktop created on desktop
 Check whether can able to
Desktop
create shortcut for any folder
created on desktop
14. Exercise on arranging of Able to arranging of  Observe whether able to
icons – name wise, size, icons – name wise, arrange of icons – name wise,
type, Modified size, type, Modified size, type, Modified
on desktop

15. Exercise on searching of Able to search of files  Check searching of files and
files and folders and folders folders

16. Exercise on using of Able to use of  Check use of explorer for


explorer for accessing of explorer for accessing accessing of files and folders
files and folders of files and folder

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17. Exercise on organizing i)Able to organizing  Check organizing files / folders
files / folders using copy files / folders using using copy and paste of files
and paste of files and copy and paste of and folders
files and folders using
folders
explorer
ii) Able to organizing  Check organizing files / folders
files / folders using using copy and paste of files
copy and paste of and folders using my computer
files and folders using
My Computer
18. Exercise using Calculator i)Able to use  Check calculator in Standard
calculator in Standard mode
mode
ii)Able to use
calculator in Scientific  Check calculator in scientific
mode mode
19. Exercise on using Control Able to Installation /  Check Installation /
Panel Uninstallation of Uninstallation of Software using
Software using control panel
control panel  Check Installation of Hardware
Able to Installation of using control panel
Hardware using  Check Changing Date and Time
control panel using control panel
Able to Changing
Date and Time using
control panel
20. Exercise on shutdown of Able to shutdown of  Check shutdown of computer
computer system computer system system

21. Exercise on understanding Able to understand  Check the use of Taskbar by


the use of Taskbar the use of Taskbar by opening some applications
opening some
applications
22. Exercise on using of Run Able to use of Run  Check use of Run from Start
from Start button – from Start button – button – accessing Calculator,
accessing Calculator, MS- accessing Calculator, MS-Word
MS-Word
Word

23. Change resolution, colour, Able to change  Check resolution, color,


appearance, screen server resolution, color, appearance, screen server
options of Display appearance, screen options of Display
server options of
Display
24. Change the system date Able to change  Check change system date and
and time system date and time time

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