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Part II

Prof.T.JEYAPOOVAN

Department of Mechanical Engineering

Hindustan Institute of Technology and Science

Chennai-603103, India

www.jeyapoovan.com

Projections of a Line kept inclined to

both HP and VP

view (FV) are smaller than true length (TL), so

one of the following methods is used to draw the

projections.

– Rotating Line Method

– Rotating Trapezoidal Plane Method

– Auxiliary Plane Method

www.jeyapoovan.com

Rotating Line Method

• STEP 1: Assume the line is

kept inclined to HP and

parallel to VP, Draw the FV

and project the TV as shown

in fig.

– Note: Normally any two values

of TL, θ or TV will be given,

draw either the FV or TV and get

the other view projected.

www.jeyapoovan.com

Rotating Line Method

kept inclined to VP and

parallel to HP, Draw the TV

and project the FV as shown

in fig.

– Note: Normally any two values

of TL, Φ or FV size will be

given, draw either the TV or FV

and get the other view

projected.

www.jeyapoovan.com

Rotating Line Method

other end of the line in FV

and TV as shown in fig.

– Note: The figures of STEP 1 and

STEP 2 are shown together with

the locus drawn parallel to XY

line.

www.jeyapoovan.com

Rotating Line Method

required position with the centre

as shown in fig. Complete the TV

and FV by drawing dark lines.

– Also show the projector of the other

end of the line which is at 90º to the

XY line for correct answer.

www.jeyapoovan.com

Example 1: A line AB 80mm long has its end A 20mm above HP

and 25mm in front of VP. The line is inclined at 45º to HP and 35º

to VP. Draw its projections.

• Draw the XY line and mark the

projections of end A of the line.

• Step 1: Draw FV using TL and

θ. Project the TV.

• Step 2: Draw TV using TL and

Φ . Project the FV.

• Step 3: Draw locus of b’ and b.

• Step 4: Rotate the TV and FV to

the required position on locus.

– Note: These 4 steps are used to

solve a given problem in any

sequence as per the given data.

www.jeyapoovan.com

Rotating Trapezoidal Plane Method

• This method assumes

trapezoidal planes to

draw the projections of

the straight line.

• Consider a trapezoidal

plane which contains the

straight line in space and

top view of the line as

shown in Fig.

www.jeyapoovan.com

Rotating Trapezoidal Plane Method

• Rotate this trapezoidal plane

and put it on HP.

• Note that the true shape of

this plane is seen in top view

which can be constructed by

using measurements from

the front view of the ends of

the line from XY line as

shown in fig.

www.jeyapoovan.com

Rotating Trapezoidal Plane Method

• Consider another

trapezoidal plane which

contains the straight line

in space and front view

of the line as shown in

Fig.

www.jeyapoovan.com

Rotating Trapezoidal Plane Method

• Rotate this trapezoidal

plane and put it on VP.

• Note that the true shape of

this plane is seen in front

view which can be

constructed by using

measurements from the top

view of the ends of the line

from XY line as shown in

fig.

www.jeyapoovan.com

Example 2: A line AB has its end A 20mm above HP and 25mm in

front of VP. The other end B is 45mm above HP and 40mm in front

of VP. The distance between end projectors is 60mm. Draw its

projections. Also find the true length, true inclinations of the line

with HP and VP and mark the traces.

end A of the line. Also draw the projections of

the other end B of the line.

• Construct the trapezoidal plane in top view using

measurements from the front view of the ends of

the line from XY line as shown in fig.

• Extend the TL and TV to get HT and θ.

www.jeyapoovan.com

• Construct another trapezoidal plane in front view using

measurements from the top view of the ends of the line from

XY line as shown in fig.

• Extend the TL and FV to get VT and Φ.

www.jeyapoovan.com

Important special Case Problems

• The straight line is placed

such a way that the sum of

its inclinations with HP

and VP is equal to 90º (i.e.

θ + Φ = 90º)

• Note: Use the 4 steps of

rotating line method.

• Also note that the final

projections (TV & FV) are

obtained perpendicular to

HP and VP.

www.jeyapoovan.com

Important special Case Problems

• The straight line is placed

such a way that one end of

the line is in HP and another

end in VP.

• Note: Use the 4 steps of

rotating line method but

drawn separately.

• Also note that the final

projections are obtained

using the top and front view

sizes from step 1 and step 2.

www.jeyapoovan.com

Tips to solve problems

• Use your notebook in

open position as VP and

HP and pencil as straight

line to understand the

given position and its

projections.

www.jeyapoovan.com

Tips to solve problems

• Have thorough knowledge of problems when a

line is kept inclined to one plane and parallel to

other plane.

• Familiarize with the 4 steps of Rotating line

method.

• Steps (1) to (4) can be done in any order to draw

projections of the line.

www.jeyapoovan.com

REFERENCE BOOKS

1. Jeyapoovan T, “Lesson Plans for Engineering

Graphics”, 2010, Vikas Publishing House Pvt

Ltd, New Delhi.

2. Jeyapoovan T, “Engineering Drawing and

Graphics”, 2011, Vikas Publishing House Pvt

Ltd, New Delhi.

www.jeyapoovan.com

End of Lesson 2

Thank You

www.jeyapoovan.com

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