You are on page 1of 44

Engineering Consulting:

Environmental Investigation.

Matthew Mayry

1
Service Opportunities

Engineers Without Borders


Helping build sustainable infrastructure and improve the
lives of people in developing communities around the
world, while training future engineers to be socially
responsible and culturally aware.

Water For People


International development organization
committed to increased access to safe
drinking water and improved sanitation.

Engineers Week
Educational outreach program to increase public
understanding of engineering as a career and its
contributions to society.
Professional Services

Consulting firms provide professional services that are billable to clients.

 Employees work actively on client projects to reach billable goals.


 Entry-level consultants are encouraged to be 100% billable.

Overhead work not billable to clients include:


 Internal training and OSHA training,
 Internal management such as operations and staffing coordination, and
 Proposal writing and preparation
Diverse Business Portfolio

Full-service consulting, design,


Energy
design-build, operations, and program management services,
may include the following business groups. Environmental
Facilities
Resources
Transportation
Water
Typical Environmental Services Business Group

Hazardous Waste Air Pollution Control Environmental Sustainability

Nuclear Liabilities Management Environmental Management Land

Environmental Science Laboratory Analysis Mining


Consulting Solution Services

Engineers, Planners, Architects, Biologists, Archaeologists, Geologists,


Geographers, Hydrogeologists, Paleontologists, Physicists, Chemists,
Project Managers, Risk Assessors, and Environmental Scientists.

Applied Sciences Engineer-Procure-Construct Procurement


Laboratory (EPC) and Design-Build
Program &
Architecture & Planning Environmental Management Construction
& Planning Management
Decontamination
& Decommissioning Industrial Safety Security & Emergency
Management
Energy Management Lean Enterprise Solutions
& Planning Site/Infrastructure
O&M and Facilities Planning
Management
Sustainable Solutions
Basic Career Path in Consulting

Management 2 Technologist 2

Management 1 Technologist 1

Consultant 3 & 4

Consultant 1 & 2
Expected Workload of a Consultant

Entry-Level Consultant Hours

Data Manage
Analysis Subcontractors
Project Health & Safety
Field
Preparation
Work
Field
Report Data
Writing Collection

Report Writing Data Analysis


Manage Subcontractors Field Data Collection
Paleontology Consulting

Paleontologists support client projects through Siting and Licensing Biological


Assessment, Biological Monitoring for Construction Compliance, and
habitat/ecosystem characterization.

 California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA)


 Federal Land Policy and Management Act (FLPMA)
 National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA)
 Paleontological Resource Management Plan
 Environmental Impact Statement
 Paleontological Monitoring and Treatment Plan

http://www.tarpits.org/page-museum/exhibits
Biology Consulting

Biologists support client projects through Siting and Licensing Biological


Assessment, Habitat Conservation Plans, Biological Monitoring for
Construction Compliance, and habitat/ecosystem characterization.

 Federal Endangered Species Act (ESA)


 California Endangered Species Act (CESA)
 National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), EISs and ESAs
 Habitat Conservation Plan and Incidental Take Permits
 Ecological Risk Assessments for Natural Resource Liability and Asset Management
Projects (NRLAM)
 Habitat delineation, restoration, and mitigation.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Gopherus_agassizii.jpg http://ca.audubon.org/burrowing-owl http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Kangaroo-rat.jpg
Hydrogeology Consulting

Hydrogeologists support client projects through subsurface site


characterization, groundwater assessment and monitoring reports. Well and
extraction system designs, and groundwater treatment.

 Porter-Cologne Water Quality Control Act of 1967 (California Water Quality Control
Board)
 Water Quality Act of 1972 (Federal)
 EPA, RCRA, CERCLA (Superfund)
 National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), EISs and ESAs
 Characterization of production aquifers and supply wells.
 Impacted groundwater delineation, restoration, and mitigation.
Project Highlights
Hanford Central Plateau Remediation Site

Client: U.S. Department of Energy


Location: Hanford, Washington, USA

Project Scope Our Role


 Disposition of SNM,  Prime contractor for
remediation, exhuming, and the cleanup of hundreds
disposing of buried waste of buildings and
1,200 waste sites
 Decommissioning and
demolition of more than  Decommissioning the site
800 facilities and structures to less than 75 square miles

 586-square mile site is the  In 2009, the DOE entrusted


U.S.’s largest environmental CHPRC with an additional
cleanup effort $1.359 billion in American
Recovery and Reinvestment
 Remediation of contaminated
Act (Recovery Act) funds to
environmental sites
accelerate decommissioning
and groundwater
and cleanup work across
 Project estimated completion the site
by 2015
13
BP Exploration Alaska Arctic Oil Fields

Client: British Petroleum (BP)


Location: Prudhoe Bay, Alaska, USA

Project Scope Result


 US$1 billion Arctic site  Provided engineering,
development drilling support,
 Engineering, operations fabrication, and
& maintenance, drilling, construction services
fabrication, and construction  More than 1 million field
services from the conceptual
man-hours without a
phase through startup
lost-time incident
 Largest modules assembled
in Alaska; over 13,000 tons  Provided 1,700
total and a single module operations &
over 3,500 tons maintenance personnel
and 1,200-piece
 Less than 1% transfer work
from assembly yard equipment fleet
Subsurface Characterization and Remediation Site

Site History and Background


• Petroleum facility
• With numerous above ground
storage tanks (AST)s and several
loading racks
• Facility services many clients that
store and use tanks and racks for
product.
• Various product releases into the
subsurface.
• Impacted perched GW unit and
water table aquifer. Irrigation and
Production Wells Downgradient.
• Regulator issues cleanup order.
Subsurface Characterization and Remediation Site

Objective
• Characterize the subsurface.
• Determine extent and transport of contaminant.
• Reduce the potential risk of facility releases to municipal
water sources through remediation.
 Remediation Onsite
• Total Fluids Extraction (TFE)
– Objective: hydraulic containment
• Soil Vapor Extraction
– Objective: mass removal from vadose zone
• LNAPL recovery
– Objective: recovery of mobile LNAPL
 Remediation Offsite
• Interim Pump and Treat
– Objective: mass removal (political)
Silt and Clay.
Subsurface Characterization and Remediation Site
Silty Sand and Fine to Semi-confining
Medium Sand Aquitard.
Alluvium.
Perched Water Table

Fine to Coarse sand


and Gravel Water
Table Aquifer below
the Perching Aquitard.
Residual LNAPL
Subsurface Characterization
(non-aqueous and Remediation Site
phase gasoline Dissolved-phase
product) groundwater
plume. MTBE,
TBA, Benzene,
regulatory
drivers.
Residual LNAPL
(non-aqueous
phase gasoline
product)

Dissolved-phase
groundwater
plume. MTBE,
TBA, Benzene,
regulatory
drivers.
Air Rotary drilling.
No access.
More expensive,
Subsurface Characterization and Remediation Site Insect
Drill through
Habitat.
multiple aquifers
with casing.

Hollow stem
auger drilling.
Less expensive,
not ideal to drill
through confining
units. Hole depth
limitations also.
Subsurface Characterization and Remediation Site

MTBE MCL 13 ug/L


TBA Action Level (DHS) 12 ug/L
Benzene MCL 1 ug/L
Subsurface Characterization and Remediation Site
Subsurface Characterization and Remediation Site

Aquifer Transmissivity Aquifer Hydraulic Average Average Flow Vertical Hydraulic


Thickness Conductivity Horizontal Velocity Gradients
Hydraulic (ft/yr)
Gradient

(ft2/d) (ft) (ft/d) (ft/ft) (ft/yr) (ft/ft)


Perching Aquitard Unknown 5-15 0.0039 Downward
Southwest 0.714

Water Table Aquifer 11,000 – 27,000 150 75 – 180 0.0026 405


Southwest
Upward
(-0.005) to (-0.006)
Intermediate Horizon 100 Kv
3.5 x 10-3 Downward
0.05 to 0.03
Principal Production 30,000 300 100 0.0035 426
Aquifer Southwest
Subsurface Characterization and Remediation Site

Free product migrates downgradient.


The longitudinal dispersivity of the MTBE and TBA plumes are greater
than the lateral dispersivity as apparent from the plume shapes.
Biodegradation is evident in the benzene plume due to the decrease in
the extent, and does not increase in length, appearing to have stabilized.
Biodegradation of MTBE and TBA is not as apparent, as the plumes are
much longer than benzene, they continue to increase in length, and the
concentrations have gradual changes towards the edge of the plume.
Subsurface Characterization and Remediation Site

Plume Characterization
• Over several years, wells were drilled to delineate the
vertical and lateral extent of the MTBE/TBA plume
onsite.
• The plume was migrating offsite, an array of extraction
wells were installed to minimize offsite migration.
• Plume axis shifted according to extraction and lithology,
reducing some of the mass migrating offsite.
• Multiple offsite wells were then advanced to further
delineate the plume and plan for offsite remediation.
• The remaining mass is presented in the following slides,
showing progressive remediation and attenuation,
reducing the overall extent of the plume offsite.
Subsurface Characterization and Remediation Site

Local Issues
 Perceived risk to municipal production wells
located downgradient from the Facility is the
remedial driver
– Regulator reacts to concerns from municipal water
purveyor and questions from the press
– Well X is used for peak demand, well Y has not
been equipped for pumping
Subsurface Characterization and Remediation Site

Biological Issues
A target area for remediation LNAPL mass is
protected as an insect habitat. No access is granted
for remediation of groundwater in this area.
Any future work will continue to occur upgradient of
the protected habitat.
Subsurface Characterization and Remediation Site

Regulatory Issues
State Regulator issued a Cleanup Order
Contain and remove contaminants in the subsurface
NPDES discharge
Currently discharging treated groundwater from the
onsite TFE system
No confirmed NPDES exceedances since AG
settlement
Subsurface Characterization and Remediation Site

Management Issues
 Cost recovery from other PRPs
 Reduce long term operating costs
 Improve regulatory perception
Subsurface Characterization and Remediation Site

Summary of Remedial Approach


 Onsite
– Hydraulic containment (ongoing) in the
southwest portion of the Facility to contain
impacts to the water table aquifer from
 Offsite
– Implement plume management downgradient of
the Facility to control further plume migration
Subsurface Characterization and Remediation Site

 Facility currently operates an onsite hydraulic


containment system
– ~ 400 gpm capacity
– Several extraction wells
– LGAC/BioGAC/IX treatment
– NPDES discharge
 The system is currently operating at reduced
capacity because of treatment issues
Subsurface Characterization and Remediation Site

Onsite Treatment
 Several extraction wells
 LGAC+BioGAC+IX treatment train
– Peroxide feed to maintain DO for BioGAC
– BioGAC seeded with an MTBE/TBA degraders
• ERI provides culture (PM-1 Strain) and seeds beds
• BioRemedy is no longer available
– IX treatment for perchlorate
 Design capacity: 400 gpm
 Extraction rate required for containment: 300 gpm
 Currently pumping ~200 gpm from lower concentration
wells
Subsurface Characterization and Remediation Site

Past Onsite Remediation Status


 Currently only achieving partial hydraulic containment onsite
because of treatment issues (treatment costs)
 MTBE/TBA plume (~1000 µg/L) extends at least 3,500
downgradient of the Facility
 MTBE/TBA plume appears to be migrating toward an active
irrigation well
 Significant regulatory pressure to implement offsite corrective
action
 Regulator may issue a revised cleanup order
Subsurface Characterization and Remediation Site
Subsurface Characterization and Remediation Site

LGAC/BioGAC Current System


 Current Conditions
– 200 gpm to ~500 ug/L MTBE
 Full containment
– 300 gpm to ~4000 ug/L MTBE
Flowrate MTBE GAC Usage Change Annual Operating
(gpm) (ug/L) (lbs/day) Outs/yr Costs

200 500 425 8 $219, 000


300 4000 1644 20 $792,000
Assumes that BioGAC is effective for TBA, and MTBE drives GAC consumption
Subsurface Characterization and Remediation Site
Subsurface Characterization and Remediation Site

Cost Summary for Alternative Onsite Treatment

HiPOx ERI FBR


Full Full LGAC/BioGAC LGAC/BioGAC
Cost Items Containment Containment Partial Containment Full Containment

Capital Costs $1,916,000 $857,000 $0 $0

Annual Costs $520,000 $218,000 $219,000 $792,000

Total Accumulative Costs


(10 yr) $7,109,000 $3,037,000 $2,187,000 $7,915,000
Subsurface Characterization and Remediation Site

Pump Treatment Alternatives


 Pump, Treat, Reinject or Discharge
– 200 gpm extraction offsite, capture SW plume
– Treat at private property offsite, 1200 ft away
– Treatment, FBR (+ IX/FB)
– Four options for discharge
 In Situ Biological Barrier
 In Situ, In-Well ChemOx, with Recirculation
Subsurface Characterization and Remediation Site
Subsurface Characterization and Remediation Site

Conceptual
pre-2007
Subsurface Characterization and Remediation Site
Subsurface Characterization and Remediation Site
Subsurface Characterization and Remediation Site
Subsurface Characterization and Remediation Site
Closing