You are on page 1of 6

Fourth Form Chemistry Revision

Checklist 2019

1. Atomic Structure
 know definitions of all terms: atomic #, mass #, isotopes, relative atomic mass, atom,
molecule, ion, cation, anion
 know the properties of the sub-atomic particles (includes location, relative mass and relative
charge)
 be able to give the electronic configuration of an atom/ion (you may or may not be given the
atomic number)
 be able to give the uses of radioactive isotopes and know the isotope responsible for the use
 be able to draw a diagram of an atom
 be able to give the charge of an ion knowing the number of protons and electrons or vice
versa
 know that the term valence electron means outermost electron
 be able to calculate the relative atomic mass of an element given appropriate data

2. Periodic Table
 know the first 20 elements in the correct order
 know elements are arranged in the periodic table in terms of increasing atomic number
 know what constitutes a group and a period
 know the common names of groups I, II, VII and VIII
 be able to determine the location and identity of an element given its period # and group #
 know that the last digit in the electronic configuration indicates the group #, and the number
of digits in the electronic configuration represents the period #
 know that elements are divided into metals and non-metals, know which elements are semi-
metals
 know the definition of a metal and a non-metal
 know the block of elements called transition metals
 know the physical and chemical properties of metals and nonmetals
Page 2

3. Chemical Bonding

 know why elements undergo chemical bonding


 be able to state what type of bonding elements would undergo when placed together
 know all the types of chemical bonds:- ionic/electrovalent, covalent, dative and
metallic
 be able to draw dot and cross diagrams for ionic compounds (e.g. sodium chloride,
magnesium chloride, magnesium oxide, aluminium oxide, magnesium nitride,
calcium chloride, calcium fluoride), covalent compounds (water, ammonia, silicon
tetrachloride, carbon tetrachloride, methane, carbon dioxide, oxygen, fluorine,
nitrogen), metals
 be able to list properties of ionic and covalent compounds and explain as well
 be able to list and explain properties of metals
 be able to give examples of species formed by dative bonding and show via equations
as well

4. Types of substances
 be able to list the different types of substances (ionic, giant molecular/covalent, simple
molecular/covalent and metallic)
 be able to give examples of ionic, giant covalent, simple covalent and metallic
solids/substances
 be able to draw structures of sodium chloride, diamond, graphite , iodine and any metal
 be able to define the term allotrope and know that allotropes have the same chemical
properties but different physical properties
 know the properties of diamond and graphite, and be able to explain their properties
 remember that simple covalent substance have weak van der Waals' forces between the
molecules which are responsible for their physical properties

5. Writing Formulae and Naming Compounds


 know the symbols and charge of common ions (including radicals)
 know how to interchange the valencies and with the correct use of brackets for radicals to
write the chemical formula of a compound
 be able to name compounds when given their chemical formulae
6. Balancing Equations

 know how to write a chemical equation (including appropriate state symbols)


 know the difference between a balanced and an unbalanced chemical equation
 be able to balance an equation using the lowest terms of the coefficients
Page 3

7. Redox
 Know the definitions of oxidation and reduction in terms of electrons and change in
oxidation numbers.
 Know the term OILRIG.
 be able to determine the oxidation states of atoms in elements or compounds or ions
 Know the term disproportionation.
 Be able to determine the oxidising and reducing agents in a redox reaction by determining
the changes in oxidation states.
 Be able to list common oxidising and reducing agents.
 Be able to give the colour changes that the common oxidising and reducing agents undergo
in a chemical reaction.
 Be able to list the substances that can be both an oxidising and reducing agent depending on
the other substance with which it is reacting.

8. Electrolysis
 be able to define the terms electrolysis and electrolyte
 be able to draw AND label an electrolytic cell/apparatus
 be able to define the terms strong electrolyte and weak electrolyte and give examples of such
 know that electrolytic conduction depends on IONS while metallic conduction depends
on ELECTRONS
 know the products of electrolysis of molten lead (II) bromide and to be able to write the
equations for the reactions at each electrode
 understand that electrolysis can only occur if ions are MOBILE and thus electrolysis can
only occur in aqueous solutions or molten substances
 know the factors that influence the products of electrolysis (electrochemical series,
concentration of the electrolyte and type of electrode)
 know that when the gases hydrogen and oxygen are produced in electrolysis, their volumes
are always produced in a 2:1 ratio
 be able to deduce the products of electrolysis of various substances using inert electrodes or
active electrodes AND be able to give the half equations for the reactions at the electrodes
 know the differences in observations for the electrolysis of dilute copper (II) sulphate
solution using graphite electrodes and using copper electrodes
 know that when the electrolyte is dilute, that hydroxide ions will be preferentially discharged
at the anode as they are the anions in the greater concentration, HOWEVER if the electrolyte
is concentrated, then the anion from the SALT would be preferentially discharged at the
anode.
 know the change in pH of an electrolyte during the electrolysis process
Page 4

9. The Mole

- know the definition of the mole


- know that Avogadro's constant is approximately 6 x 1023
- be able to perform conversions of mass, moles and # of particles (atoms, molecules or ions)

10. States of matter


- know the definition of matter
- know the different states of matter
- be able to use the kinetic theory of matter to explain the different properties of each state of matter
(FOR EACH STATE OF MATTER:- be able to draw arrangements of particles, state the order and
arrangement of particles, energy levels and degree of motion of particles, compressibility, different
shapes and volumes, relative strength of the inter-particles forces)
- be able to draw and label both cooling and heating curves (also know what states of matter exist for
each stage of the cooling and heating curves
- be able to list the different transitions between states (know which transitions require energy and
which release energy)
- be able to define the term sublimation and give three examples of substances that sublime
- be able to explain the process of melting or boiling using kinetic theory
- be able to give the definition of boiling and give differences between evaporation and boiling
- be able to define the terms diffusion, osmosis and Brownian motion
- using the kinetic theory to explain the processes of diffusion, osmosis and Brownian motion
- be able to give examples of processes which can illustrate diffusion, osmosis and Brownian motion
(for example the white ring experiment for diffusion, visking tubing filled with sugar solution placed
in pure water and dust particles in a dark room with a beam of light showing through NB you are
expected to be able to apply this knowledge to other examples which you may not have been
exposed to during class)
- be able to give and explain the conditions which effect the rate of diffusion

11. Pure and impure matter

- be able to define the terms pure matter and impure matter


- know the characteristics or properties of pure and impure matter
Page 5

- know that pure matter can be divided into elements and compounds and impure matter can be
called mixtures
- be able to define the terms element and compound
- understand the concepts of physical change and chemical change
- know the differences between physical change and chemical change
- be able to give examples of physical change and chemical change
- be able to draw and interpret diagrams of atoms illustrating elements, compounds and mixtures
- be able to define the broad categories of mixtures i.e. homogeneous and heterogeneous mixtures
and give examples
- be able to give examples of terms solutions, suspensions and colloids
- be able to give the differences between solutions, suspensions and colloids
- be able to list the different types of solutions and the components of each
- be able to understand the terms solute and solvent for solutions
- be able to list the different separation techniques for mixtures (filtration, simple distillation,
fractional distillation, separating funnel, chromatography, sublimation and centrifugation)
- be able to draw and label all the apparatus used in the separation techniques
- be able to explain how each separation technique works and why it is suitable for a particular type
of mixture

12. Acids and bases

- be able to define the terms:- acid, base, alkali, salt


- know that salts are compounds formed from reactions of acids
- be able to list the physical and chemical properties of acids and bases
- be able to give the different categories of acids:- strong vs weak; mineral vs organic; monobasic,
dibasic and tribasic
- be able to give examples of acids in each category
- be able to define the terms strong acid, weak acid, mineral acid, organic acid, monobasic acid,
dibasic acid and tribasic acid
- know the formulae of the examples of the acids given in each category
- know the pH scale and the associated colours of universal indicator with each pH range
- be able to write equations of reactions of acids with either metals, bases, alkalis or carbonates
Page 6

- be able to list the methods of preparation of salts, and uses of different salts and acids

13. Practical Work


- know the redox practicals done during the term2
- be able to explain the reactions of the electrolysis demonstrations