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Development of design methodologies for the improvement of wind and thermal comfort in the
urban environment

Jianlei Niu · Cheuk Ming Mak · K.T. Tse · Show all 13 collaborators

Goal: The widespread use of air-conditioning in indoor built environment is the major culprit of
many environmental problems in today’s world. Therefore a city that encourages outdoor
activities has to accommodate both sustainability and livability.

Furthermore, it is believed that the urban heat island (UHI) phenomenon will persist and “out-last”
urban air pollution, which will be mitigated in the foreseeable future via source control such as
the employment of electric vehicles and development of public transportation already deployed
in many European cities. While UHI phenomenon is not new, its adverse impacts and scale are
becoming unprecedented due to rapid urbanization,
particularly in Asia. This forces people to stay longer indoors, encourages urban planners and
property developers to provide more air-conditioned indoor facilities, further aggravating the
problems in a vicious cycle.

The contributions to science and engineering knowledge are :

1. systematic understanding of the local wind and thermal comfort conditions in real life and
their in uential factors via onsite measurements of environmental parameters and questionnaire
surveys of city residents;
2. insight into the generic air ow and turbulence structures of several typical building forms, the
lift-up design in particular, using wind tunnel modeling techniques;
3. an evaluation of the detached eddy simulation (DES) turbulence model, which is a hybrid of
the Reynolds-average based Navier-Stokes (RANS) and large eddy-simulation (LES) models;
4. a practical numerical scheme to include solar radiation and long wave surface thermal
radiation in computational uid dynamics (CFD) air ow modelling;
5. a human-body thermo-physiology based thermal comfort model integrated with CFD and
thermal analysis which is capable of simulating the transient, asymmetric effects on a human
body and the resident activity and clothing levels

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Jianlin Liu Mar 19

added a research item

Outdoor thermal sensation and logistic regression analysis of comfort

range of meteorological parameters in Hong Kong
May 2019
Yongxin Xie · Jianlin Liu · Huang Taiyang · [...] · Tsz-cheung Lee
Warm and hot days account for most of the time in Hong Kong. Outdoor
thermal comfort studies in Hong Kong should give its rst consideration to
warm and hot days. This study presents investigations about thermal…

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Jianlin Liu Mar 13

added a research item

Pedestrian-level wind and gust around buildings with a ‘lift-up’ design:

Assessment of in uence from surrounding buildings by adopting LES
May 2019
Jianlin Liu · Xuelin Zhang · Jianlei Niu · K.T. Tse
An architectural feature, ‘lift-up’ (or elevated) design, has been reported as an
effective design to improve weak pedestrian-level wind (PLW) conditions in a
subtropical high-density city. This design provides a semi-outdoor space…

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Jianlin Liu Feb 7
added a research item

Delayed detached eddy simulation of pedestrian-level wind around a

building array – The potential to save computing resources
Apr 2019
Jianlin Liu · Jianlei Niu
The appropriate selection of a turbulence model directly affects the
prediction of pedestrian-level wind (PLW) around buildings. Delayed
detached eddy simulation (DDES) model, has been reported to be able to…

Request full-text Follow 7 Recommendations · 89 Reads · 3 Citations

Jianlin Liu Oct 27, 2018

added a research item

LES for pedestrian level wind around an idealized building array—

Assessment of sensitivity to in uencing parameters
Oct 2018
Jianlin Liu · Jianlei Niu · Yaxing Du · [...] · Yufeng Zhang
Large eddy simulation (LES) is increasingly recognized as an important
approach in the assessment of pedestrian level wind (PLW) conditions, while
its numerical performance is sensitive to a few key parameter settings. Thi…

4 Recommendations · 108 Reads · 3 Citations

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Cheuk Ming Mak Oct 21, 2018

added an update
Published papers:

Yaxing Du, Cheuk Ming Mak, Bo-sin Tang, “Effects of building height and porosity on
pedestrian level wind comfort in a high-density built environment”, (2018), Building
Simulation, published online.

Yaxing Du Cheuk Ming Mak, “Improving pedestrian level low wind velocity environment
in high-density cities: A general framework and case study”, (2018), pp.314-324, 42,
Sustainable Cities and Society.

Yaxing Du, Cheuk Ming Mak, Zhengtao Ai, “Modelling of pedestrian level wind
environment on a high-quality mesh: A case study for the HKPolyU campus”, (2018),
pp.105-119, 103, Environmental Modelling & Software.

Yaxing Du, Cheuk Ming Mak, Yantong Li, “Application of a multi-variable optimization
method to determine lift-up design for optimum wind comfort”, (2018), pp.242-254,
131, Building and Environment.

Yaxing Du, Cheuk Ming Mak, Taiyang Huang, Jianlei Niu “Towards an integrated
method to assess effects of lift-up design on outdoor thermal comfort in Hong Kong”,
(2017), pp. 261–272, 125, Building and Environment.
… Read more

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