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3/26/2019 Major Crops - Agriculture - Everonn - CBSE Class 10th Course and NCERT Solutions

Major Crops

Major Crops
A variety of food and cash crops are grown in India due to the
presence of
Different varities of soil

Different climatic conditions as the country is vast

Rice, wheat, millets, pulses, tea, coffee, sugarcane, oilseeds,


cotton, jute etc. Are the main crops grown in our country.
 
Crop Characteristic Soil Climatic Distribution
features condition
Rice Staple food crop Alluvial Kharif crop. Plains of North,
of India. Temp. - anove North-eastern
India is the 250 c and the coastal
second largest Rainfall - above areas.
producer after 100cms Rice producing
China. Also grown in the states.
areas of less West Bengal,
  rainfall with the Andhra Pradesh,
help of irrigation Tamil Nadu,
Uttar Pradesh,
Punjab, Haryana,
Assam etc.
Wheat Second main Loamy Rabi crop Punjab, Haryana,
food crop and Alluvial Requires cool Uttar Pradesh,
staple growing season Bihar, Rajasthan,
Food crop of and bright and Madhya
North India. sunshine during Pradesh.
harvest.
Rainfall - 50 - 75
cms

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3/26/2019 Major Crops - Agriculture - Everonn - CBSE Class 10th Course and NCERT Solutions
Millets Jowar, Bajra and Sandy Jowar - Rain fed Jowar -
Ragi are the and crop Rainfall - 60 Karnataka,
important Black -70 cms. Bajra Andhra Pradesh,
millets grown in Ragi - Temp - 250 c Madhya
India. Red, and 350c. Pradesh.
Millets have black & Rainfall - 35 to Bajra -
high nutrition lateritic 50cm Rajasthan,
value. soils Ragi uttat Pradesh, 
Temp - 270 C Maharashtra,
Raimfall - 50 Gujarat and
cms Haryana
Ragi -
Karnataka,
Tamil Nadu, 
Himachal
Pradesh,
Uttaranchal, 
Sikkim and
Jharkhand.
         
Maize Food and fodder Old Kharif crop Karnataka, Uttar
crop. Alluvial 0 0
Temp. - 21 - 27 c Pradesh, Bihar 
Production of Rainfall - 50 - 75 and Andhra
this crop has cms Pradesh
increased in
India due to the
use HYV seeds,
fertilizers and
irrigation.
Pulses India ia the Loamy Kharif and Rabi Madhya
largest producer Need less Pradesh, Uttar
and consumer moisture and Pradesh,
Major source of Can survive in dry Rajasthan,
protien condition Maharashtra
Tur, Urad, and  Karnataka.
Moong, Masur,
Peas and Gram
are the major
pulses grown
in India.

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10th Course
SugarcaneTropical as well Alluvial Temp - 21 - 27 c Uttar Pradesh,
as sub-tropical Black Rainfall - 75 - Maharashtra,
crop. Laterite 100cms. Karnataka, Tamil
India is the Nadu, Andhra
second largest Pradesh, Punjab
producer of and Haryana.
sugarcane in
the world.
Needs manual
labour for all
the processes
involved in the
cultivation.
Groundnut Accounts for Loamy Temp. - 21- 270c Andhra Pradesh,
more than 50% Rainfall - 50 cms. Tamil Nadu,
of the Oilseeds Karnataka,
produced in the Gujarat,
country. Maharashtra.
 
Tea This beverage Mountain Requires warm Darjeeling and
crop was soil and moist free Jalpaiguri,
introduced by climate. Frequent districts of West
the British showers evenly Bengal, Assam,
Grows well in Distributed Tamil Nadu and
tropical and throughout the Kerala.
subtropical year
climates.
Tea cultivation
requires
abundant,
cheap and
skilled labour.
Coffee India produces MountainTemp. - 15-24ºC Nilgiris in
anout 4% of the Rainfall - 150 - Karnataka,
worlds coffee 250 cms Kerala and Tamil
production. Nadu.
It is known for
its quality.
Arabica variety
of coffee is
produced here.

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Rubber An equatorial Laterite Temp. - anove Kerala, Tamil
0
crop grown in 25 c Nadu, Karnataka
tropical and sub Rainfall - above and Andaman &
tropical regions 200 cms. Nicobar islands.
also.
It is an
important
industrial raw
material.
Cotton Origin of this Black Kahrif crop Maharashtra,
crop is from 210 frost free Gujarat, Madhya
India. days with bright Pradesh,
India is the 3rd sunshine. karnataka,
largest Rainfall - 45 - 50 Andhra
producer of cms. Pradesh, Tamil
cotton in the   Nadu etc.
world.
         
Jute Jute is kwon as Alluvial Temp. - Above West Bengal,
the golden fibre. 270c. Bihar, Assam,
Used for a Rainfall - 170 to Orissa and
making gunny 250 cms. Meghalaya.
bags, mats,
ropes, yarn,
carpets etc.
Jute is getting
replaced by
synthetic fibres
due to the low
cost and
Durablity of
these artificial
fibres.
 

 
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