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Carbon Fiber , Advanced Composite Explained.

Carbon fiber can be described as very thin, strong fibres and is generally used to reinforce composite materials,
particularly the category of materials known as carbon fibre or graphite reinforced polymers. It is also known as
reinforced plastic or carbon fibre composites. As a compound, it's admired for being stronger and lighter than
fiberglass. It is of much importance to designers and engineers due to its sturdiness. It's a kind of material that is
lighter than aluminum and stronger than steel. It's amazing.

Carbon Fiber is composed of carbon atoms that are bonded together to form a long chain. These carbon fibers are
extremely stiff, strong, light and are the top choice for many processes to create excellent building materials. Carbon
Fibre material comes in a wide variety of raw building blocks such as yarns, weaves, uni-directional, braids and many
others which are used to manufacture advanced composite products.

Carbon Fiber Reinforced Plastic (CFRP) is an extremely strong and lightweight material that is gaining increasing
popularity with engineers and manufacturers. In tension strength, for a given weight of material, it's at least 4.5 times
stronger and stiffer than any steel, aluminum or titanium in the industry. Carbon fibres are very thin strands of carbon
which are much thinner even than a human hair. Individual fibers are corralled together in what is known as a carbon
fiber towline.

A towline can have between 1,000 and 50,000 individual fibers in the bunch. This towline material is then woven
and/or stitched together to become different carbon fiber woven cloth materials. The towline can also be used by itself
(filament winding) to manufacture certain parts. The step between these dry towlines, fabric woven cloth materials
and a finished solid material is the introduction and curing of a resin to turn the carbon fiber into a CFRP.

The Benefits Of Carbon Fiber , Advanced Composites.

These specific properties of a CFRP are a direct comparison to those of popular high performance metals in the
figures chart below.
 High stiffness to weight ratio
 High strength
 Corrosion resistant
 Fatigue resistant
 Energy Absorption on Impact
 Tailored material properties

Generally a carbon fiber and/or advanced composite part design has its own unique schedule of layers and
orientations of carbon fibers to form the desired ratio of stiffness, weight, and strength. These are just some of the
highlight benefits of the futuristic material known as carbon fiber and/or advanced composites. Another outstanding
benefit to carbon fiber is it's thermal soak properties. In other mediums, such as metals, the choices are much more
limited. With carbon fiber advanced composites, they are limitless. As we keep moving forward with reseach and
development, we are finding that by hybriding other reinforcement materials along with other resin base systems
there are no limits to achieving the perfect manufacturing materials.

The advantages of carbon fiber materials are significant. First of all, carbon fibers are very light fibers which results in
lightweight structures. Furthermore, one can chose between stiff or strong fibers depending on the composite part
being produced and the type of carbon fiber material required. The exceptional impact properties make carbon fiber
advantageous in various industry segments. During an impact, carbon fibers disintegrates (metal instead would
simply deform) which can make it is a very efficient energy dissipation mechanism. Although carbon fiber is fairly
expensive compared to other more common fibers like fiberglass, the price is steadily decreasing due to the progress
of production technology. Another major advantage is that it's thermal expansion is basically zero. An example would
be that metal expands when heated while carbon fiber remains in its basic form. For specific projects where thermal
stability is required, carbon fiber can be a tremendous benefit. The material can resist very high temperatures (1000
Celsius). Carbon fiber composite structures do not suffer any fatigue issues if designed and engineered properly.
Finally, carbon fiber is permeable to X-ray and does not corrode, which is a huge issue with metals

Fatigue

When it comes to aluminum and other metal products, usually these products are not going to fail because of a single
catastrophic load due to the property values of aluminum or metals. But because of small, repeated stresses each
stress load cycle on an aluminum or metal product, however small, puts that material that much closer to a fatigue
failure status. Designers and engineers realize these limitations and therefore over build their products for a lifetime
of use. When properly designed and manufactured carbon fiber , advanced composite materials have an almost
infinite fatigue life. These property values mean that designers and engineers now no longer have to "over build"
parts to deal with fatigue as is done with aluminum components leading to even lighter products. Carbonline Wheels
practice all of the necessary steps to assure that we build a perfect carbon fiber wheel by performing Finite Elemente
Analysis (FEA) for reassurance the integrity of carbon fiber orientation lay-up schedules. CLW also performs White
Light Scanning for actual physical measurement data.

Corrosion

Metals are highly affected and degrade due to corrosion. Another advantage of carbon fiber reinforcement materials
is that it is not affected by corrosion which is why Carbonline Wheels llc.are not subject to the adverse affects of
corrosion like metals are. The fact that they do not degrade via these mechanisms means that designers and
engineers do not have to account for degradation caused by corrosion throughout the products life. This again
provides further opportunities for weight saving and efficiency gains in vehicles and reduced through life costs. When
manufactured with the appropriate resin systems, carbon fiber is one of the most corrosion-resistant