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INDIAN INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY KHARAGPUR

Department of Civil Engineering (2nd Year B. Tech.)


Mid Semester Examination
Water Resources Engineering (CE20006)
Time: 2 Hrs. Full Marks: 40 No. of Students: 71
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Notes: Answer all the questions. Make suitable assumptions wherever necessary and write it clearly
in your answer sheet. Start the answer of each question on a new page.

1. A catchment has ten raingauge stations. In a year, the annual rainfall recorded by the gauges are as
follows:

Station A B c D E F G H I J
Rainfall (em) 90.6 110.9 188.3 118.3 106.8 144.7 124.6 112.6 130.4 106.4

For a 5% error in the estimation of the mean rainfall, calculate the optimum number of stations in the
catchment.
(10 marks)

2. An auxiliary gauge was used downstream of a main gauge in a river to provide corrections to the
gauge-discharge relationship due to backwater effects. The following data were noted at a certain main
gauge reading.

Main gauge (m above datum) Auxiliary gauge (m above datum)


85.0 84.4 270
85.0 83.6 500

If the main gauge reading is 85 m and the auxiliary gauge reading is 84.2 m, estimate the discharge in
the river.
(10 marks)

3. A storm with 10 em of precipitation produced a direct runoff of 5.8 em. The duration of the rainfall
was 16 hours and time distribution of cumulative rainfall is given below. Estimate the ql index (in
em/h) of the storm.
Time from start (h) 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16
Cumulative rainfall (em) 0 0.4 1.3 2.8 5.1 6.9 8.5 9.5 10
(10 marks)

4. Ordinates of 2 hr unit hydrograph are shown in Table 1. Compute the peak discharge for the rainfall
hyetograph with 1 hr interval as shown in Table 2. Assume a constant loss of 0.15 em I hr.

Table 1:
Time (hr) 0 2 4 6 8 10 12
Discharge ( m3 Is ) 0 540 1750 1270 580 250 0

Table 2:
Time interval (hr) 0-1 1-2 2-3
Rainfall intensi!Y_ (em I hr ) 1.25 4.15 0.65
(10 marks)
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