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Republic of the Philippines

AKLAN STATE UNIVERSITY


College of Hospitality and Rural Resource Management
Teacher Education Program
Ibajay, Aklan

Student Teacher: Mariel O. Bangcaya


Cooperating Teacher: Mrs. Roda A. Aldea
Cooperating School: Toledo National High School
Subject: English
Year & Section: Grade 10-Amethyst
Date: February 1, 2017, Wednesday
Time: 1:30-2:30 P.M.

A Detailed Lesson Plan in English 10

I. OBJECTIVES
At the end of the lesson, the students are expected to:
1. Identify the characters, setting, theme and the message of the story;
2. Differentiate simile and metaphor;
3. Perform varied activities that express insights or views about the selection.

II. SUBJECT MATTER


Selection: A Grain as big as a Hen’s Egg by Leo Tolstoy
Language Focus: Simile and Metaphor
Reference: Grade 10 English Learner’s Material, pp. 363
Materials: LCD Projector, laptop, speakers, PowerPoint Presentation, visual Aids,
handkerchief, artificial eggs, baskets, envelopes, copies of reading text, nametags, happy cards,
banners and other instructional materials
Value Focus: Humility and content with one’s life
Skill Focus: Listening, Reading, Writing, and Speaking

III. TEACHING PROCEDURES/ LEARNING ACTIVITIES


Teacher’s Activity Students’ Activity
A. Preliminary Activities
1. Prayer
(Existential and Spiritual Intelligences)
Let us all stand and ask for the Lord’s guidance. Lord our God, Father of light, with Your
Lead the prayer, __________. assistance, I will study patiently and perform my
duties conscientiously with Your greater honor
and glory. Grant me a bright, intellect, a sound
judgment, and a retentive memory. Amen.
2. Greetings
(Interpersonal Intelligence)
Good afternoon, class! Good afternoon, Ma’am! God bless you po.
Do you agree that we are all blessed in God’s Yes, Ma’am!
unique way?
Let us rejoice that we are blessed today and tell (Students will tell their seatmate “You are
your seatmate “You are blessed, be grateful.” blessed, be grateful”)

3. Review
(Intrapersonal, Bodily Kinesthetic and Verbal-
Linguistic Intelligences)
I bet you are all excited to learn new things
today? Am I correct? But before we travel and Yes, Ma’am!
explore into a new world full of knowledge, let
us first refresh our memory of what our previous
lesson was all about by playing the game called
“Human Wave.” In this game, you will stand up
one by one as the music plays. When the music
stops, the last person standing will answer the
question.

Understood? Yes, Ma’am.

1. What was the title of the story we 1. We discussed about the story “The Voice of
discussed last meeting? the Mountain.”
2. Who was the author of the story “The 2. The author of the story is Stephen Crane.
Voice of the Mountain”?
3. Who were the characters in the story? 3. The characters in the story are
Popocatepelt, the little eagle, and the little
animal with two arms, two legs, a head, and
a very brave air.
4. What was the story all about? 4. The story was about the betrayal of the little
animal to Popocatepetl.
5. What was the moral lesson of the story? 5. Do not trust too much especially on
strangers.

Any other questions for clarification? None, Ma’am.


Great! It’s wonderful to know that you
understand our last discussion.

Are you now ready for our new lesson? Yes, Ma’am!
Let us do the “Oh, Yeah!” cheer. Make arms like (Students will do the “Oh, Yeah” cheer)
an “O” above your head then extend arm like
“Y” over your head while actively saying “Oh
Yeah!”

B. Lesson Proper
1. Motivation
(Interpersonal, Logical-Mathematical, and Bodily
Kinesthetic Intelligences)
To lighten up our mood, let us play the game
called “Egg Pass.” Group yourselves according
to the color of your nametags. There will be four
groups. Choose the best players in your group.
In this game, one person each group will be the
“Source,” four persons will be the “Passers,”
and one person will be the “Catcher.” The game
will begin with the “Source” putting the egg on
the Passer’s handkerchief. The “Passers” will be
on pairs, they will hold a handkerchief where the
egg will be passing on and shot it to the basket
the “Cather” is holding. The goal of this game is
to be the first group to shot three (3) eggs in the
basket.

Am I understood? Yes, Ma’am.


(Students will do the activity)

2. Lesson Presentation
(Logical-Mathematical and Verbal-Linguistic
Intelligences)
Did you enjoy the activity?
Let me see your “Oh, Yeah” cheer. (Students will do the “Oh, Yeah” cheer)
Based from the activity a while ago, who can
now guess what will be our lesson for today? About eggs, Ma’am.

Good prediction, _____!

What else? Yes, _____? A story related about eggs.

You are on the right track! Our lesson today will


be about the story “A Grain as big as a Hen’s
Egg” written by Leo Tolstoy. Russian author Leo
Tolstoy wrote the acclaimed novels “War and
Peace,” “Anna Karenina,” and “The Death of
Ivan Ilyich”, and still ranks among the world's
top writers. Be guided of our objectives for
today, you are expected to: identify the
characters, setting, theme and the message of
the story; differentiate simile and metaphor; and
perform varied activities that express insights or
views about the selection.

3. Vocabulary Development
(Verbal-Linguistic, Visual- Spatial and
Intrapersonal Intelligences)
I put an envelope under some selected
armchairs. Take a look if you have one. Inside
that envelope is the definition of the vocabulary
words that will appear on the screen. Analyze
the picture as a clue. If you think you have the
definition of the word, go in front and cite the
definition and construct your own sentence
using the vocabulary word.

Understood? Yes, Ma’am!

1. Ravine 1. A small, deep narrow steep-sided valley


(especially one formed by running water.)
(Student will construct a sentence using the
vocabulary word)

2. Ponder 2. To think deeply about or consider


something carefully.
(Student will construct a sentence using the
vocabulary word)

3. Peasants 3. An uneducated person or farm worker who


has low social status.
(Student will construct a sentence using the
vocabulary word)

4. Crutch 4. A wooden or metal staff that fits under the


armpit and reaches to the ground; used by
disabled person while walking.
(Student will construct a sentence using the
vocabulary word)
5. Totter 5. To move or walk in a slow or unsteady way.
(Student will construct a sentence using the
vocabulary word)

6. Cease 6. To stop happening.


(Student will construct a sentence using the
vocabulary word)

7. Thresh 7. Separate grain from (a plant), typically with


a flail or by the action of a revolving
mechanism.
(Student will construct a sentence using the
vocabulary word)

Excellent work everyone! Let us give ourselves (Students will do the “excellent mark”)
an “excellent mark” for a job well done!

4. Developmental Reading/Listening
(Reading and Listening skills)
Everyone will have a copy of the reading
selection. Listen and follow the recorded (Students will read the story silently while
reading of the story. Take note of the important listening to the recorded reading)
details.

Did you enjoy listening and reading the story? Yes, Ma’am!

Let us check if you understand the story.

C. Discussion/Comprehension Check
(Intrapersonal, Verbal-Linguistic, Logical-
Mathematical, Bodily Kinesthetic, and
Naturalistic Intelligences)
1. Describe the object that the children 1. A thing shaped like a grain of corn, with
picked up from the ravine. groove down the middle, but as large as a
hen’s egg.
2. How did the wise men come to know that 2. When a hen flew in and pecked at it till she
the object was a grain of corn? made a hole in it, and then everyone saw it
was a grain of corn.
3. Describe the first peasant. What did the 3. Old and bent, ashy pale and toothless, he
peasant say about the grain? just managed with the help of two crutches.
He said he never sowed nor reaped any like
it in his fields, nor bought any such.
4. Describe the peasant’s father. What did 4. Unlike his son, the peasant’s father had
he say about the grain? only one crutch. He was still able to see and
hear better than his son. The same with his
son, he never sowed nor reaped any like it
in his fields.
5. How did the peasant’s grandfather 5. He answered in his time, no one ever
respond when asked if he ever bought thought of such a sin as buying or selling
such a grain? bread and they knew nothing of money.
Each man had corn enough of his own.
6. Why was the grandfather healthier than 6. (Varied answers)
both his son and his grandson?
7. Why do you think the earth ceased to 7. (Varied answers)
grow grains of that size?
8. Did this story remind you of anything that 8. (Varied answers)
has happened to these days?
9. Is the title a good one or a poor one and 9. Varied answers)
why?
10. Have you ever realized that nature has its 10. Varied answers)
own limits? How do you deal with this?
D. Language Focus
Notice the title of the story.
“A Grain as Big as a Hen’s Egg.” Can anyone
tell me what figure of speech is used in the title Simile, Ma’am.
of the story?

Very good!

Who can give me the definition of simile? A simile is a comparison between two different
things using the word “like” or “as” to make the
comparison.
Excellent!

I have here some examples of simile:


 As big as an elephant
 As black as coal
 As cold as ice
 Soar like an eagle
 Eat like a pig

Anyone who can give another example of


simile?

Yes, _______? (Varied answers)

Good job!

What do you call a comparison between two


different things without using the word “like” or
“as” to make the comparison? A metaphor.

Brilliant!
I have here some examples of metaphor:
 The promise between us was a delicate
flower.
 He is a rolling stone.
 Her hope was a fragile seed.
 Scars are the road map to the soul.
 My words are chains of lead.

Anyone who can give another example of


metaphor?
(Varied answers)
Yes, _______?

Very good!

E. Application
(Interpersonal, Verbal-Linguistic, Logical-
Mathematical, Bodily Kinesthetic, Musical and
Naturalistic Intelligences)
You are cordially invited to the king’s fest for a
prosperous harvest! But first, you need to finish
the task prepared by the king for official
admission.
Group yourselves according to the symbol on
the upper left of your nametags. There will be
five (5) groups. Choose a leader, a secretary
and the rest will be the garbage collector. Each
group will have these different emoticons that
you will raise after each group’s performance as
your reaction.
We have here: like, wow, sad, haha,
and angry. Each group can only raise
maximum of three reactions. Each group will
have their group banner that they will raise once
the task is already finished. I will give you three
minutes to prepare and two minutes to perform
your task. When I say “mac and cheese” you
will respond “everybody freeze!” and you will
going to freeze, that will be the signal to start
the presentation.

Is everything clear? Yes, Ma’am!


(Students will perform their tasks)

Group

Facebook Wall Post


You are now logged in your Facebook account.
“What’s on your mind” is on your FB wall. As a
youth, write your thoughts on the FB wall
provided about a program/project on proper
utilization of natural resources that you want to
implement. Use hash tags (#) to emphasize
your points. Share it to the class.

Group

Twitter Wall Post


Welcome to Twitter! Tweet and share your
thoughts. Write a two stanza poem related with
the theme of the story by using simile and
metaphor. Write it on the twitter wall provided.
Use hash tags (#) to highlight your points.
Share it to the class.

Group

Instagram Wall Post


Now you can share your best picture! Draw a
“before and after” situation of the natural
resources as the time pass by. Use the bond
paper inside the envelope and post it on the
Instagram wall provided. Use hash tags (#) to
highlight your points Share it to the class.
Group

Musically
Express your thoughts through music! Sing the
chorus of a song that is related with the theme
of the story. Perform it to the class.

Group

Youtube Sensation
Perform and upload it! Act out the scene where
the king asked the three old peasants about the
grain. Record it with your video recorder on your
android phones. Perform it to the class.

F. Generalization
(Intrapersonal, Verbal-Linguistic, Logical-
Mathematical, Bodily Kinesthetic, and
Naturalistic Intelligences)
1. What is the title of the story? 1. The title of the story is “A Grain as Big as a
Hen’s Egg.”
2. Who is the author of the story, “A Grain 2. The author of the story is Leo Tolstoy.
as Big as a Hen’s Egg”?
3. Where is the setting of the story? 3. In a ravine.
4. Who are the characters in the story? 4. The characters in the story are the wise
men, the king, the children, and the three
old peasants.
5. What is the theme of the story? 5. It was a story of how the men before lived
independently and not depending on others.
6. What is the message of the story? 6. The message is one of humility and content
with one’s life, an attempt by the author to
make people realize how greed can
overcome a person, affecting not only
mental health, but physical health as well.
7. As a youth, how can you utilize and 7. (Varied answers)
sustain our natural resources?
8. What is simile? 8. Simile is a comparison of two unlike things
9. What is metaphor? with the use of “as” or “like.”
9. Metaphor is a comparison of two unlike
things without the use of “as” or “like.”

IV. EVALUATION
A. Identify the characters, setting, theme and the message of the story “A Grain as
Big as a Hen’s Egg” using the graphic organizer.
B. Below are sentences that contain a metaphor or a simile. In the blank provided,
identify which is used in each sentence by writing metaphor or simile.

________1. The sky was the color of the calm Pacific thousands of miles from land.
________2. I am as hungry as a bear recently awakened from hibernation.
________3. She was a kite, floating above the confusion around her.
________4. Like a silent thief, the dog crept into the kitchen.
________5. My thoughts fluttered from subject to subject like a butterfly visiting flowers in a field.

V. ASSIGNMENT
Make an eight section comic strip with captions showing the main events of the story. Put it on a
short bond paper that will be passed next meeting.
Prepared by:

MARIEL O. BANGCAYA
Pre-Service Teacher
BSED English

Noted:

RODA A. ALDEA
Cooperating Mentor
Toledo National High School

NORMA L. CANDOLETA
Principal I
Toledo National High School

JERBY J. PADERES
Adviser, BSED IV- Major in English
Practice Teaching Supervisor

Approved by:

EMILY M. ARANGOTE, Ph.D.


OIC, Teacher Education Department/Campus Director