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ACTION & LINKING VERB

PRESENTED BY : Ghina Faadhilah, Laila Arifin Badar, Nadhira Felicia Ariesgo, Rozydendi Almelio
DEFINITION OF VERBS

A verb is one of the main parts of a sentence or question in


English. In fact, you can’t have a sentence or a question
without a verb. That’s how important these “action” parts of
speech are. there are several other types of verbs. In fact,
there are more than ten different types of verbs that are
grouped by function.
VERBS CLASSIFIED IN TWO
PARTS

ACTION VERBS LINKING VERBS


DEFINITION OF ACTION
VERBS

Action verbs are verbs that specifically describe what the


subject of the sentence is doing. These types of verbs carry
a great deal of information in a sentence and can convey
emotion and a sense of purpose that extends beyond the
literal meanings of the words.
A sentence like "The band appeared on the scene" sounds
much more less impressive than the sentence "The band
erupted onto the scene." The power of the action verb lies
in the meaning and intention that they contain and how
they bring direction and force to the sentence.
Understanding the types of action verbs will make students
better writers and communicators.
An action verb is a verb that describes an action, like run,
jump, kick, eat, break, cry, smile, or think.
THE STRUCTURE OF
ACTION VERBS

Subjec Actio The rest of


t n the sentence
verb
(noun) (verb) (adjective, adverb,
noun, complement, or
nothing)
Here are some examples of
action verbs in sentence :
Greg is Kicking the ball now. The action verb is
kicking. It
describes what
Greg is doing.
The wind blows constanly in The action verb is
Chicago. blows. It describes
what the wind does.
He accepted my apology. The action verb is
accepted. It
describes what ‘he’
did.
DEFINITION OF LINKING
VERBS

A linking verb is a verb that links (connects) the subject of


the sentence to information about that subject. Linking
verbs do not describe action
Because linking verbs also referred as
copulas or copular verbs, don't function
them in the same way as typical verbs in
showing action. Sometimes it can be tricky
to recognize them. So, you have to
recognize them by knowing their
characteristics :

 Show a relationship between the


subject and the sentence complement,
the part of the sentence following the
verb.
 Connect or link the subject with more
information – words that further identify
or describe the subject.
 Identify a relationship or existing
These types of verbs are sometimes described as
performing the function of an equal sign because they
provide the connection between a subject and a certain
state.
THE STRUCTURE
OF LINKING VERBS

Subje Linkin Information


ct g verb about the
subject
(noun) (verb) (adjective, noun, or
complement)
WORDS THAT ARE IDENTIFIED
AS LINKING VERBS

Some words are absolutely linking verbs. These are


considered "true." They do not describe the action, but
always connect the subject to additional information. The
most common true linking verbs are forms of "to be," "to
become" and "to seem."
PARTS OF “TO BE” :

o Am
o Is
o Is being
o Are
o Are being
o Was
o Was being
o Were
o Has
o Has been
o Have been
o Will have been
o Had been
o Are being
o Might have been
PARTS OF “TO BECOME” :

o Become
o Becomes
o Became
o Has become
o Have become
o Had become
o Will become
o Will have become
PARTS OF “ TO SEEM “ :

o Seemed
o Seeming
o Seems
o Has seems
o Have seemed
o Had seemed
o Will seem
Anytime you see these words in a sentence, you know they
are performing a linking or connective function in showing a
relationship or describing a state.
Here are some examples of
linking verb in sentence :
“The ball is red.” ‘Is” is a linking verb that connects the
subjects, ball, to information about that
subject (that it is red).

“The children are smart.” ‘Are’ is a linking verb that connects the
subject, children, to information about
that subject (that they are smart)

“The child will be tall five years ‘Will be’ is the linking verb connecting
from now.” ‘child’ to the fact that he will be ‘tall five
years from now.’

“The cat seems fine.” ‘seems’ links the subject, cat, with
information about the cat (that it is fine)

“The dog became thin after his ‘Become’ links the subject, the dog, with
surgery.” information about him (that he become
thin)
DETERMINING OTHER LINKING
VERBS

In addition to the absolute linking verbs, there are also


many verbs that can exist either as action verbs or linking
verbs. These are also called resultative verbs.
Common verbs that can exist as either action verbs or
linking verbs include:

o Grow
o Look
o Prove
o Remain
o Smell
o Sound
o Taste
o Turn
o Stay
o Get
o Appear
o Feel
DETERMINE LINKING OR
ACTION VERBS
There are verbs that can be linking verbs in some
sentences, but are action verbs in other sentences. One
way to determine if the verb is functioned as an action verb
or a linking verb is to substitute the word “is” for the verb in
question. If the sentence still makes sense, then it is
probably a linking verb. If the sentence would not make
sense with the word “is,” then it is probably an action verb
in the sentence.
KEYWORD

If it makes sense, it is linking.


If it isn't logical with the substitution, it's an
action verb.
Here are some sample sentences of verbs
used as linking verbs and actions verbs :
Used as Linking Verbs Explanation

You could substitute the word 'is,'


Jane appeared uninjured after the for the word 'appears,' and the
accident. sentence would still make sense:
"Jane is uninjured after the
accident." This lets you know that
appeared is a linking verb in this
sentence.

This sentence describes the cake.


The cake smells good! “Smells” is a linking verb in this
sentence. It connects the subject,
cake, with information about that
subject—it smells good.

This sentence may seem


The woman grew silent. confusing. Remember that the
word “grow” has more than one
meaning! In this sentence, “grew”
Used as Action Verbs Explanation

Before I could leave, Jane appeared. In this sentence, appeared is not


linking anything. It is telling the
action that Jane did. She appeared,
or showed up.

The word, smells is not linking


Ellen smells the cake. anything. If you replaced smells
with 'is' the sentence would not
make sense. That means smells
must be an action verb in this
sentence. Ellen performed the
action of smelling the cake.

The word, grew, is not linking two


things together here. If you tried to
The gardener grew some flowers. replace grew with 'is' the sentence
would not make sense. This means
that grew must be an action verb.
THANKS FOR YOUR ATTENTION