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Traces of Vit, Rod and

Chrodo Joannes Richter

Abstract
This essay checks the correlations between the keyword “Crodo” or “Rod” in the Futhark Alphabet,
the Saxon god "Krodo", the deity Rod in the Chronica Slavorum and a number of correlating names
in the aristocratic Merovingian dynasty such as Chrodechilde, Radegund, Chrodoald,
Chrodoswintha, Chrodoberga, Chrodield and Chrodobert.
“Crodo” or “Rod” is one of the four keywords “Wit”, “Tiw”, “Thor” and “(C)Rod”, which may be
decoded from the leading runic words “ᚠᚢᚦ” , “ᚦᚩᚱᚳ“ and “ᚠᚢᚦᚩᚱᚳ” in the Futhark Alphabet and also
is found in Slavic mythology. Rod is cognate to the English word and the Latin word “Rad” for
“root” and the origin of mankind.
Runes were called vitha by the West Slavs, which is a genitive of *vid or *vit meaning "image" or
"side", "facet". This may also support the translation “Vith” for “ᚠᚢᚦ”, “Vitha” (for “ᚠᚢᚦᚩ”) and
“Vithark” for “ᚠᚢᚦᚩᚱᚳ”. Probably the Slavic language seems to have been a champion in preserving
the symbolism of the “vitha” (runic symbols).
"Krodo" seems to be represented in the names of the aristocratic Merovingian dynasty. The List of
Frankish kings specifies a few “Chrod”-names such as Chrodechilde (474 AD), Radegund (520
AD), Chrodoald (555 AD), Chrodoswintha (567 AD), Chrodoberga (567 AD), Chrodield (~590),
Chrodinus (†582 AD), and Chrodobert (631 AD). Therefore aristocratic Merovingian dynasty may
have been based on a deity named “Chrodo” as an equivalent for the planet Saturn.
Introduction
This essay checks the correlations between the keyword “Crodo” or “Rod” in the Futhark Alphabet,
the Saxon god "Krodo", the deity Rod in the Chronica Slavorum and a number of names of the
aristocratic Merovingian dynasty such as Chrodechilde, Radegund, Chrodoald, Chrodoswintha,
Chrodoberga, Chrodield, Chrodinus and Chrodobert.

The keywords in the Futhark Alphabet


“Crodo” or “Rod” is of the four keywords “Wit”, “Tiw”, “Thor” and “(C)Rod”, which may be
decoded from the runic words “ᚠᚢᚦ” , “ᚦᚩᚱᚳ“ and “ᚠᚢᚦᚩᚱᚳ” of the Futhark Alphabet and also is
found in Slavic mythology.

Slavic mythology
Rod is cognate to the English word “root”:
In the earliest Slavic religion the supreme God of Heaven was called Deivos,[3] but this
name was soon abandoned[5] to be replaced by the concept of Rod.

Both Rad and Rod are derived from the Proto-Slavic *rodъ and Proto-Balto-Slavic
*radas, from Proto-Indo-European *wréh₂ds (“root”). Cognate with Latvian rads
(“birth, kin, sex, sort”) and English root.

Rod is a conception of supreme God of the universe. As attested by Helmold (c. 1120–1177) in his
Chronica Slavorum, the Slavs believed in a single God Rod. Rod has been compared to the Latin
time god, Saturn [14] 1.
The name "Rod" is attested in Old Church Slavonic and Old East Slavic sources (as Rodu) about
pre-Christian religion, where it refers to divinity, ancestrality and procreativity.[8] 2
Michel Mathieu-Colas (2017) defines it as the "primordial God", but the term also literally means
the generative power of the family and "kin", "birth", "origin" and "fate" as well.[2]
The negative form, that is urod, means anything wretched, deformed, degenerated, monstrous.[9]
Perun and/or Svarog replaced Rod as the supreme Slavic god during the ninth century.[12]3[13]4 5

"Krodo" as a deity in the Saxon pantheon


In some old writings the name Rod appears as Hrodo, Chrodo, Krodo, or the Latinised form
Crodone.[6]6 "Krodo" was worshipped also by Saxon tribes, who inhabited modern-day northern
and eastern Germany together with West Slavic tribes.[7] 7

1 Hanuš, Ignác Jan (1842). Die Wissenschaft des Slawischen Mythus im weitesten, den altpreussisch-lithauischen
Mythus mitumfassenden Sinne. Nach Quellen bearbeitet, sammt der Literatur der slawisch-preussisch-lithauischen
Archäologie und Mythologie (in German). J. Millikowski.
2 Aitamurto 2006, p. 188; Pilkington & Popov 2009, p. 288; Rudy 1985, p. 31.
3 "The Ukrainians: Unexpected Nation, Fourth Edition - Andrew Wilson - Google Książki".
4 "Russian Folk Belief - Linda J. Ivanits - Google Książki".
5 Etymology: Rod and Deivos
6 Hanuš 1842, p. 116. (quoted in Rod)
7 Delius 1827. (quoted in Rod)
"Chrodo" in the names of the aristocratic Merovingian dynasty
"Chrodo" also seems to be represented in the names of the aristocratic Merovingian dynasty. The
List of Frankish kings lists a few “Chrod”-names such as Chrodechilde (474 AD), Radegund (520
AD), Chrodoald (555 AD), Chrodoswintha (567 AD), Chrodoberga (567 AD), Chrodield (~590),
Chrodinus (†582 AD) and Chrodobert (631 AD). In this context “Futhark” may be related to “Rad”
and “Futhorc” may be related to “Rod”.
The pantheon of the 4 pagan Merovingian gods Saturn, Jove, Mars, Mercury is described by the
Queen of All the Franks Clotilda (Latin: Chrodechildis, Chlodechildis) (c. 474–545) as (1) Saturn ,
(2) Jove , (3) Mars and (4) Mercury.
Gregory of Tours describes the names of the Merovingian gods in Latin and does not use the
original Germanic names, which for (1) Saturn → (2) Jove → (3) Mars → (4) Mercury may have
been (1) Crodo → (2) Thor → (3) Tiw → (4) Wotan.
Gregory of Tours also describes the four letters which Chilperic I proposed to improve the Latin
alphabet. Chilperic's additional letters Θ as a letter ō, Ψ as ae, Ζ as th, en Δ as w largely seem to
represent the vowels ō, ae, u & i (as /wi/) and the consonant ᚦ (th), which may be identified in “ᚠᚢᚦ”
and “Vithark” for “ᚠᚢᚦᚩᚱᚳ”. The initial letters “ᚠᚢᚦ” may be composed by “Δ Ζ” (“with”),
respectively “Ζ Δ” (“Tiw”).
Therefore aristocratic Merovingian dynasty may have been based on a deity named “Chrodo” as an
equivalent for the planet Saturn.
The elements for this thesis are documented in the following chapters.
Saturn, Jove, Mars, Mercury as the Merovingian Deities
Clovis8 is significant due to his conversion to Catholicism in 496, largely at the behest of his wife,
Clotilde, who would later be venerated as a saint for this act.
The pantheon of the 4 pagan Merovingian gods Saturn, Jove, Mars, Mercury is described by the
Queen of All the Franks Clotilda (Latin: Chrodechildis, Chlodechildis) (c. 474–545) as follows:
He had a first-born son by queen Clotilda, and as his wife wished to consecrate him in
baptism, she tried unceasingly to persuade her husband, saying: "The gods you worship
are nothing, and they will be unable to help themselves or any one else. For they are
graven out of stone or wood or some metal. And the names you have given them are
names of men and not of gods, as Saturn, who is declared to have fled in fear of being
banished from his kingdom by his son; as Jove himself, the foul perpetrator of all
shameful crimes, committing incest with men, mocking at his kinswomen, not able to
refrain from intercourse with his own sister as she herself says: Jovisque et soror et
conjunx. What could Mars or Mercury do? They are endowed rather with the magic arts
than with the power of the divine name. But he ought rather to be worshipped who
created by his word heaven and earth, the sea and all that in them is out of a state of
nothingness, who made the sun shine, and adorned the heavens with stars, who filled the
waters with creeping things, the earth with living things and the air with creatures that
fly, at whose nod the earth is decked with growing crops, the trees with fruit, the vines
with grapes, by whose hand mankind was created, by whose generosity all that creation
serves and helps man whom he created as his own." But though the queen said this the
spirit of the king was by no means moved to belief, and he said: "It was at the command
of our gods that all things were created and came forth, and it is plain that your God has
no power and, what is more, he is proven not to belong to the family of the gods."
Meantime the faithful queen made her son ready for baptism; she gave command to
adorn the church with hangings and curtains, in order that he who could not moved by
persuasion might be urged to belief by this mystery. The boy, whom they named
Ingomer, died after being baptized, still wearing the white garments in which he became
regenerate. At this the king was violently angry, and reproached the queen harshly,
saying: " If the boy had been dedicated in the name of my gods he would certainly have
lived; but as it is, since he was baptized in the name of your God, he could not live at
all." To this the queen said: "I give thanks to the omnipotent God, creator of all, who has
judged me not wholly unworthy, that he should deign to take to his kingdom one born
from my womb. My soul is not stricken with grief for his sake, because I know that,
summoned from this world as he was in his baptismal garments, he will be fed by the
vision of God." After this she bore another son, whom she named Chlodomer at
baptism; and when he fell sick, the king said: "It is impossible that anything else should
happen to him than happened to his brother, namely, that being baptized in the name of
your Christ, should die at once." But through the prayers of his mother, and the Lord's
command, he became well. 9

Gregory of Tours describes the names of the Merovingian gods in Latin and does not use the
original Germanic names, which for (1) Saturn → (2) Jove → (3) Mars → (4) Mercury may have
been (1) Crodo → (2) Thor → (3) Tiw → (4) Wotan.

8 His name (“Chlodwig I”, 466-511) is Germanic, composed of the elements hlod ("fame") and wig ("combat"), and is
the origin of the later French given name Louis, borne by 18 kings of France.
9 Gregory of Tours (539-594): History of the Franks (Book I-chapter 30) -The text presented here is the abridged
translation of Gregory of Tour's History of the Franks made by Earnest Brehaut in 1916. The etext gives the full text
of the Brehaut edition, pp. 1-248, apart from the Selections from The Eight Books of Miracles [pp. 249-62] which
has been made available separately.
The planets are arranged according to their velocity. Of all these planets Saturn (Crodo) may be the
slowest and “oldest” ancestor god whereas Mercury (Wotan) might be the quickest and “youngest”
ancestor god.

The Interpretatio Germanica


In most of the Romance languages, which derive from Latin, days of the week still preserve the
names of the original Roman deities, such as the Italian for Tuesday, martedì (from the Latin Martis
dies).
This is also the case with Saturn in some West Germanic languages; such as the English "Saturday",
the West Frisian Saterdei, the Low German Saterdag and the Dutch zaterdag all meaning Saturn's
day.[10] 10

10 Interpretatio Germanica
The correlations Woda(n) o-o Vid (Svetovid) o-o Vitha (Runes)
The Wends, including those who dwelt in modern-day northern and eastern Germany and were later
Germanised, or other never-Germanised West Slavs, also worshipped deities adopted from
Germanic religion, as documented by Bernhard Severin Ingemann. However, Germanic gods never
rose to prominence over Slavic ones in Wendish religion.[24]

Rod, Hrodo, Chrodo, Crodo, Krodo


The Hypothetical Primordial God was Rod respectively Deivos (–Dievas(Lithuanian),
Rid(Ukrainian), Rodu (Old East Slavic)[13], Hrodo, Chrodo, Crodo, Krodo[14], Crodone
(Latinisation)[15], Sud (South Slavic)[16], Prabog, Praboh (Slovak)[16])11.

Rod—Rozanica
The Supreme polarity was Rod—Rozanica. Literally "God and the Goddess", it is a
conceptualisation of the supreme polarity as male–female, formed by the masculine form
plus the feminine form of the root *rod; it implies the union of the supreme God with matter
to shape reality12.
Fulda had been the location of the Harzburg where “Rod” (“Crodo” → Saturn) had been honored13,
whose sculpture had been interpreted as a Roman statue of Saturn. 14

Vid–Vida as the male–female polarity


The supreme polarity as male–female is documented among South Slavs also as Vid–Vida.
[35] The root *vid or *vit refers to "sight", "vision".[36] Vid, as highlighted by the name
variant Sutvid, may be identified as Svetovid.[35]

Viᚦa (“Runes”)
Additionally the West Slavs (Wends) worshiped their supreme God Vid (Svetovid) and named the
runes “vitha”. Therefore this deity may have been derived from the runic word ““ᚠᚢᚦᚩ” (“futha” or
“wutha”, respectively “witha).
Runes were called vitha by the West Slavs, which is a genetive of *vid or *vit meaning "image" or
"side", "facet" (referring to the multifaceted essence of the supreme God). This may also support the
itranslation “Vit” for “ᚠᚢᚦ” and “Vithark” for “ᚠᚢᚦᚩᚱᚳ”. Probably the Slavic language seems to have
been a champion in preserving the symbolism of the “vitha” (runic symbols).

The Slavic version of Wotan


Woda (the Germanic Wotan-Odin) was worshipped as a god of war and leadership, in
relation to the Slavic verb *voditi, "to lead". He was also associated with rune wisdom and
with Vid (Svetovid), as the supreme God, the "moving force behind all things";[39] runes
were called vitha by the West Slavs, which is a genetive of *vid or *vit meaning "image" or
"side", "facet" (referring to the multifaceted essence of the supreme God).[168] 15
11 Supreme polarity
12 Supreme polarity
13 Ueber den vermeinten Götzen Krodo zur Harzburg - Christian Heinrich Delius (1778–1840) (1827)
“Untersuchungen über die Geschichte der Harzburg und den vermeinten Götzen Krodo”, Halberstadt 1826
14 Fulda also had been the location of the Harzburg where “Rod” (“Crodo” → Saturn) had been honored, whose
sculpture had been interpreted as a Roman statue of Saturn.
15 Deities of Slavic religion - Germanic deities and others
The shortcut “Vut” for “Wotan”
According to Jacob Grimm the names “Vut” in the Canton of Grisons (Graubünden) and “Vidvut”
(in Letland) seemed to have been valid shortcuts for “Vodan” 16. The “Viden" (Lettons) may be
interpreted as the “people of Wodan”:

Rask, Afh. 1, 377-8, takes the Lettish Vidvut for the Vodan of the Viden (Lettons), while
Vogt 1, 141 makes Widewud, Waidewud a Prussian king. With Vut in the Canton of
Grisons (Graubünden), conf. Vuodan in the Valais, of whom M. C. Vulliemin17 relates in
his La Reine Berthe et son temps, Lausanne. 1843, p. 3 18:

“un jour on avait vu Wuodan descendre le Rhône, telle était du moins la croyance
populaire, l'épée nue dans une main, un globe d'or dans l'autre, et criant: rigou
haiouassou! fleuve soulève toi! et le fleuve s'élevant avait détruit une partie de la ville.
19

Translation: “According to the popular legend one day Wodan was observed to descend from the river
Rhone, carrying the uncovered sword in one and a golden ball in his other hand as he summoned:
«rigou haiouassou!” “Rise up, you river!» and the river did rise, which partially caused the devastation
of the city”.

On my inquiring (through Troyon) if the name in the story was really Wuodan, the
answer was distinctly Yes, and the town destroyed was Martigny.

Vutt (idol)
Carisch 182b has vutt idol, which some derive from vultus, voult, face, or portrait,
others from votum ; conf. magliavutts (Sup. to 35 o.).20

16 Source: Full text of "Grimm-Jacob-Deutsche-Mythologie-III-Band" – (German: Deutsche Mythologie: III. Band)


17 Louis Vulliemin - 1843
18 Rask afh. 1, 377. 378 sieht im lettischen Vidvut den Vodan der Viden (Letten), aber nach Vogt 1, 141 ist Widewud,
Waidewud ein preussischer könig. zum Vut in Graubünden (kl. sclir. 5, 427 ff.) halte man den Vuodan in Wallis, von
dem M. G. Vulliemin in der abhandlung La Reine Berthe et son temps. Lausanne 1843. s. 3 erzählt:
19 La Reine Berthe et son temps: “Un jour on avait vu Wuodan descendre le Rhône, telle était du moins la croyance
populaire, l'épée nue dans une main, un globe d'or dans l'autre, et criant : « rigou haiouassou ! fleuve, soulève-toi! »
et le fleuve, s'élevant, avait détruit une partie de la ville. La nature, adorée par les païens avant leur conversion,
n'avait pas ...”
Translation: “According to the popular legend one day Wodan was observed to descend from the river Rhone, carrying
the uncovered sword in one and a golden ball in his other hand as he summoned: «rigou haiouassou!” “Rise up,
you river!» and the river did rise, which partially caused the devastation of the city”.
20 “Vutt, m. 1. Götze, m. Götzenblld, n. magliavutts, bigott, Frömmler, m.” quoted in German language by Otto
Carisch - 1848 - Source: Taschen-Wörterbuch der rhaetoromanischen Sprache in Graubünden, ...
Chrodo in Hruodtac and Hrôddag
In Teutonic Mythology Jacob Grimm decribes his search for correlations between Rod, the Roydag,
Rodag (for a Germanic version of “Saturday”) and the name of the Dutch village “Roysel”, which is
located in an originally Frankish territory:
To Hrodo might now be referred those names Roysel (later spelling Reusel21) and Roydach
in Gramaye, who understands them of Mars; ancient documents must first place it beyond
doubt, which day of the week is meant.
There is an actual Hruodtac, a man's name in OHG. (Graff 5, 362), and an OS.
Hrôddag is found in Trad. corb. § 424, ed. Wigand; these may be related to Hruodo, Hrôdo
as Baldag to Balder, and the contraction Roydag, Rodag would be like Roswith for
Hrôdsuith.
If Roydag should turn out to be the seventh day of the week, it would be a strong testimony
to the worship of Chrodo: if it remain the third, we have to add, that the third month also
was sacred to Mars, and was called Hredemonad by the Anglo-Saxons22.

21 Reusel is a village and former municipality in the south of the Dutch province of North Brabant. It is one of the
villages of the municipality Reusel-De Mierden.
22 Teutonic Mythology (Jacob Grimm)- Page 248 – (quoted in The Gods in the Days of the Week and inside the Futhor
...)
Chrodo in the Merovingian aristocracy
In the Saxon Chronicle (Middle Saxon: Cronecken der Sassen)—an incunable dated 1492, written
by the goldsmith Conrad Bothe (c. 1475–1501) from Brunswick and printed in the studio of Peter
Schöffer in Mainz—, it is attested that the Saxons knew and worshiped "Krodo".[7] Nineteenth-
century German studies clearly identified Krodo as "the God of the Slavs, the great God".[32]
Though his annals are obviously based on earlier chronicles like the Sächsische Weltchronik, Bothe
provides no references to his sources. Serious objections have been published against Krodo as
described in the Saxon Chronicle23.
In the Merovingian empire a number of names Chrodechilde (474 AD), Radegund (520 AD),
Chrodoald (555 AD), Chrodoswintha (567 AD), Chrodoberga (567 AD), Chrodinus 24 (†582 AD),
Chrodield25 (~590) and Chrodobert (631 AD) also seem to correlate to Hrodo, Chrodo, Crodo,
Krodo or “Rod” or “Rad” ( → Saturn). In this context “Futhark” may be related to “Rad” and
“Futhorc” may be related to “Rod”.

Period Name Variants Notes


260–306 AD Chrocus Chrocus and the shrine in Auvergne26 king of the Alemanni
c. 474–545 Chrodechilde Chrodechilde (oder Chrodichilde) Lyon, Burgundy
Clotilde Rotilde etc. (Latin: Chrodechildis House of Burgundian. 27
*Hrōþihildi or perhaps *Hlōdihildi, second wife of the
both "famous in battle"; Frankish king Clovis I
(r. 481–509.
c. 520-587 Radegund Rhadegund, Radegonde, Thuringian princess and
or Radigund Frankish queen
555-624 Chrodoald King Of the Lombards
567 Chrodoswintha Chrodoswintha Twins of Ultrogotha
567 Chrodoberga Chrodoberga (or Vultrogotha)

†582 Chrodinus
~590 Chrodield Chrodield 28 Daughter of king
Charibert.
631/632 Chrodobert Chrodobert, Aleman dux of the early
Crodobert, seventh century (fl.)
or Choadebert It is possible that
(Crodobertus Chrodobert was the
or Chrodobertus) same person as the
Hruodi Hruodi mentioned in
the passio of Saint
Killian.
Table 1 (Chronological) Overview of the Chrodo-names in the Merovingian aristocracy

23 Ueber den vermeinten Götzen Krodo zur Harzburg - Christian Heinrich Delius (1778–1840) (1827)
“Untersuchungen über die Geschichte der Harzburg und den vermeinten Götzen Krodo”, Halberstadt 1826
24 Gregory of Tours (539-594): History of the Franks (Book 6-chapter 20) - 20. Death of duke Chrodinus.
25 Gregory of Tours (539-594): History of the Franks (Book 10-chapter 16) - 16. The judgment on Chrodield & Basina.
26 Gregory of Tours (539-594): History of the Franks (Book 1-chapter 32) - 32. Chrocus and the shrine in Auvergne.
27 (siehe: Stammtafel der Merowinger 1 Stammtafel der Merowinger 2 und Stammtafel der Merowinger 3).
28 Gregory of Tours (539-594): History of the Franks (Book 10-chapter 16) - 16. The judgment on Chrodield & Basina.
The additional letters of king Chilperic I
At the same time king Chilperic wrote a little treatise to the effect that the holy Trinity
should not be so called with reference to distinct persons but should merely have the
meaning of Gaod, saying that it was unseemly that god should be called a person like a
man of flesh; affirming also that the Father is the same as Son and that the Holy Spirit
also is the same as the Father and the Son. "Such," said he, "was the view of the
prophets and patriarchs and such is the teaching the law itself has given." When he had
had this read to me he said: "I want you and the other teachers of the church to hold this
view." But I answered him: "Good king, abandon this belief; it is your duty to follow the
doctrine which the other teachers of the church left to us after the time of the apostles,
the teachings of Hilarius and Eusebius which you professed at baptism." Then the king
was angry and said: "It is plain that in this case Hilarius and Eusebius are my bitter
enemies." And I answered him: " It is better for you to be careful and not make enemies
either of God or his saints. Now let me tell you that as persons the Father, the Son and
the Holy Spirit are distinct. It was not the Father who took on flesh, nor the Holy Spirit,
but the Son, so that he who was Son of God became the son of a virgin also for the
redemption of man. It was not the Father who suffered, nor the Holy Spirit, but the Son,
so that he who had taken on flesh in the world, was himself offered for the world. And
what you say about persons must be understood not in a material but in a spiritual sense.
In these three persons, then, there is one glory, one eternity, one power." But he became
excited and said: "I will explain these matters to wiser men than you and they will agree
with me." I replied: "No wise man will he be but a fool, who will consent to follow your
proposals." At this he ground his teeth and said no more. A few days later bishop
Salvius of Albi visited him and he had this treatise read to him, begging him to accept
his views. But upon hearing them Salvius was so revolted that if he could have laid
hands on the paper containing the writing he would have torn it into bits. And so the
king gave up the project. The king wrote also other books in verse following Sedulius as
a model. But those poor verses have no relation of any sort with meter.

He also added letters to our alphabet, namely [omega] as the Greeks have it, ae, the,
[upsilon, upsilon iota], which are written by the following characters: [omega] as
[theta], a/e as [ psi], the as [Zeta], [upsilon, upsilon iota] as [delta]. And he wrote to all
the cities of his kingdom that boys should be taught these letters and that books written
in previous times should be erased with pumice and rewritten.

Chilperic's additional letters Θ as a letter ō, Ψ as ae, Ζ as th, en Δ as w.


He also added letters to our alphabet, namely [omega] as the Greeks have it, ae, the, [upsilon,
upsilon iota], which are written by the following characters:
▪ [omega] as [theta], Θ
▪ a/e as [ psi], Ψ
▪ the as [Zeta], Ζ
▪ [upsilon, upsilon iota] as [delta]. Δ
And he wrote to all the cities of his kingdom that boys should be taught these letters and that
books written in previous times should be erased with pumice and rewritten. 29

29 Gregory of Tours (539-594): History of the Franks (Book 5-chapter 44)


Conclusion
Vid (respectively Wotan) and Rod respectively Crodo (representing Saturn) have been identified in
the Germanic as well as in the Slavic pantheon.
The Slavic pantheon also uses a male–female polarity in Rod—Rozanica and Vid-Vida.
In the Slavic pantheon Rod represents a root. In Roman tradition Saturn seems to represent the
oldest planetary deity in the pedigree Saturn → Jupiter → Mars (and ultimately probably also →
Mercury).
In the Merovingian empire a number of names Chrodechilde (474 AD), Radegund (520 AD),
Chrodoald (555 AD), Chrodoswintha (567 AD), Chrodoberga (567 AD), Chrodield (~590),
Chrodinus 30 (†582 AD), and Chrodobert (631 AD) also seem to correlate to Hrodo, Chrodo, Crodo,
Krodo or “Rod” or “Rad” ( → Saturn). In this context “Futhark” may be related to “Rad” and
“Futhorc” may be related to “Rod”.
Chilperic's additional letters Θ as a letter ō, Ψ as ae, Ζ as th, en Δ as w largely seem to represent the
vowels ō, ae, u & i (as /wi/) and the consonant ᚦ (th), which may be identified in “ᚠᚢᚦ” and
“Vithark” for “ᚠᚢᚦᚩᚱᚳ”. The initial letters “ᚠᚢᚦ” may be composed by “Δ Ζ” (“with”), respectively
“Ζ Δ” (“Tiw”).
Runes were called vitha by the West Slavs, which is a genitive of *vid or *vit meaning "image" or
"side", "facet". This may also support the translation “Vit” for “ᚠᚢᚦ” and “Vithark” for “ᚠᚢᚦᚩᚱᚳ”.
Probably the Slavic language seems to have been a champion in preserving the symbolism of the
“vitha” (runic symbols).

30 Gregory of Tours (539-594): History of the Franks (Book 6-chapter 20) - 20. Death of duke Chrodinus.
Contents
Abstract.................................................................................................................................................1
Introduction..........................................................................................................................................2
The keywords in the Futhark Alphabet............................................................................................2
Slavic mythology.............................................................................................................................2
"Krodo" as a deity in the Saxon pantheon.......................................................................................2
"Chrodo" in the names of the aristocratic Merovingian dynasty.....................................................3
Saturn, Jove, Mars, Mercury as the Merovingian Deities....................................................................4
The Interpretatio Germanica ...........................................................................................................5
The correlations Woda(n) o-o Vid (Svetovid) o-o Vitha (Runes).........................................................6
Rod, Hrodo, Chrodo, Crodo, Krodo................................................................................................6
Rod—Rozanica................................................................................................................................6
Vid–Vida as the male–female polarity.............................................................................................6
Viᚦa (“Runes”).................................................................................................................................6
The Slavic version of Wotan............................................................................................................6
The shortcut “Vut” for “Wotan”......................................................................................................7
Vutt (idol)...................................................................................................................................7
Chrodo in Hruodtac and Hrôddag........................................................................................................8
Chrodo in the Merovingian aristocracy................................................................................................9
The additional letters of king Chilperic I...........................................................................................10
Chilperic's additional letters Θ as a letter ō, Ψ as ae, Ζ as th, en Δ as w........................................10
Conclusion..........................................................................................................................................11
Appendix – Overview of the Publications of Joannes Richter at Academia & Scribd......................13
Appendix – Overview of the Publications of Joannes Richter at Academia & Scribd

Title Storage
sector
Traces of Vit, Rod and Chrodo JR
De sleutelwoorden van het Futhark alfabet jwr47
The Keywords of the Futhark Alphabet JR
Het runenboek met het unieke woord Tiw JR
A short Essay about the Evolution of European Personal Pronouns JR
The Evolution of the European Personal Pronouns JR
De miraculeuze transformatie van de Europese samenleving JR
The Miraculous Transformation of European Civilization JR
The Duality in Greek and Germanic Philosophy JR
Bericht van de altaarschellist over de Lof der Zotheid jwr47
De bronnen van Brabant (de Helleputten aan de Brabantse breuklijnen) JR
De fundamenten van de samenleving JR
De rol van de waterbronnen bij de kerstening van Nederland JR
De etymologie van "wijst" en "wijstgrond" JR
The Antipodes Miᚦ and Wiᚦ jwr47
The Role of the Dual Form in the Evolution of European Languages JR
De rol van de dualis in de ontwikkeling der Europese talen JR
The Search for Traces of a Dual Form in Quebec French JR
Synthese van de Germanistische & Griekse mythologie en etymologie JR
De restanten van de dualis in het Nederlands, Engels en Duits -
Notes to the Corner Wedge in the Ugaritic Alphabet JR
The Origin of the long IJ-symbol in the Dutch alphabet JR
Over de oorsprong van de „lange IJ“ in het Nederlandse alfabet JR
The Backbones of the Alphabets JR
The Alphabet and and the Symbolic Structure of Europe JR
The Unseen Words in the Runic Alphabet JR
De ongelezen woorden in het runenalfabet JR
The Role of the Vowels in Personal Pronouns of the 1st Person Singular JR
Over de volgorde van de klinkers in woorden en in godennamen JR
The Creation Legends of Hesiod and Ovid JR
De taal van Adam en Eva (published: ca. 2.2.2019) JR
King Chilperic's 4 Letters and the Alphabet's Adaptation JR
De 4 letters van koning Chilperik I en de aanpassing van het Frankenalfabet JR
The Symbolism of Hair Braids and Bonnets in Magical Powers JR
The Antipodes in PIE-Languages JR
In het Nederlands, Duits en Engels is de dualis nog lang niet uitgestorven JR
In English, Dutch and German the dual form is still alive JR
The Descendants of the Dual Form " Wit " JR
A Structured Etymology for Germanic, Slavic and Romance Languages JR
The “Rod”-Core in Slavic Etymology (published: ca. 27.11.2018) JR
Encoding and decoding the runic alphabet JR
Über die Evolution der Sprachen JR
Over het ontwerpen van talen JR
The Art of Designing Languages JR
Notes to the usage of the Spanish words Nos and Vos, Nosotros and Vosotros JR
Notes to the Dual Form and the Nous-Concept in the Inari Sami language JR
Over het filosofische Nous-concept JR
Notes to the Philosophical Nous-Concept JR
The Common Root for European Religions (published: ca. 27.10.2018) JR
A Scenario for the Medieval Christianization of a Pagan Culture JR
Een scenario voor de middeleeuwse kerstening van een heidens volk JR
The Role of the Slavic gods Rod and Vid in the Futhorc-alphabet JR
The Unification of Medieval Europe JR
The Divergence of Germanic Religions JR
De correlatie tussen de dualis, Vut, Svantevit en de Sint-Vituskerken JR
The Correlation between Dual Forms, Vut, Svantevit and the Saint Vitus Churches JR
Die Rekonstruktion der Lage des Drususkanals (published: ca. 27.9.2018) JR
Die Entzifferung der Symbolik einer Runenreihe JR
Deciphering the Symbolism in Runic Alphabets JR
The Sky-God, Adam and the Personal Pronouns JR
Notities rond het boek Tiw (Published ca. 6.2.2018) JR
Notes to the book TIW JR
Von den Völkern, die nach dem Futhark benannt worden sind JR
Designing an Alphabet for the Runes JR
Die Wörter innerhalb der „Futhark“-Reihe JR
The hidden Symbolism of European Alphabets JR
Etymology, Religions and Myths JR

The Symbolism of the Yampoos and Wampoos in Poe's “Narrative of Arthur Gordon Jr
Pym from Nantucket”
Notizen zu " Über den Dualis " und " Gesammelte sprachwissenschaftliche Schriften " Jr
Ϝut - Het Nederlandse sleutelwoord Jr
Concepts for the Dual Forms Jr
The etymology of the Greek dual form νώ (νῶϊ) Jr
Proceedings in the Ego-pronouns' Etymology Jr
Notities bij „De godsdiensten der volken“ Jr
The Role of *Teiwaz and *Dyeus in Filosofy Jr
A Linguistic Control of Egotism Jr
The Design of the Futhark Alphabet Jr
An Architecture for the Runic Alphabets Jr
The Celtic Hair Bonnets (Published Jun 24, 2018) Jr
Die keltische Haarhauben Jr
De sculpturen van de Walterich-kapel te Murrhardt Jr
The rediscovery of a lost symbolism Jr
Het herontdekken van een vergeten symbolisme Jr
De god met de twee gezichten Jr
The 3-faced sculpture at Michael's Church in Forchtenberg Jr
Over de woorden en namen, die eeuwenlang bewaard gebleven zijn Jr
De zeven Planeten in zeven Brabantse plaatsnamen Jr
Analysis of the Futhorc-Header Jr
The Gods in the Days of the Week and inside the Futhor-alphabet Jr
Een reconstructie van de Nederlandse scheppingslegende Jr
The Symbolism in Roman Numerals Jr
The Keywords in the Alphabets Notes to the Futharc's Symbolism Jr
The Mechanisms for Depositing Loess in the Netherlands Jr
Over het ontstaan van de Halserug, de Heelwegen en Heilwegen in de windschaduw Jr
van de Veluwe
Investigations of the Rue d'Enfer-Markers in France Jr
Die Entwicklung des französischen Hellwegs ( " Rue d'Enfer " Jr
De oorsprong van de Heelwegen op de Halserug, bij Dinxperlo en Beltrum Jr
The Reconstruction of the Gothic Alphabet's Design Jr
Von der Entstehungsphase eines Hellwegs in Dinxperlo-Bocholt Jr
Over de etymologie van de Hel-namen (Heelweg, Hellweg, Helle..) in Nederland Jr
Recapitulatie van de projecten Ego-Pronomina, Futhark en Hellweg Jr
Over het ontstaan en de ondergang van het Futhark-alfabet Jr
Die Etymologie der Wörter Hellweg, Heelweg, Rue d'Enfer, Rue de l'Enfer und Jr
Santerre
The Etymology of the Words Hellweg, Rue d'Enfer and Santerre Jr
The Decoding of the Kylver Stone' Runes Jr
The Digamma-Joker of the Futhark Jr
The Kernel of the Futhorc Languages Jr
De kern van de Futhark-talen Jr
Der Kern der Futhark-Sprachen Jr
De symboolkern IE van het Nederlands Jr
Notes to Guy Deutscher's "Through the Language Glass" Jr
Another Sight on the Unfolding of Language (Published 1 maart, 2018) Jr
Notes to the Finnish linguistic symbolism of the sky-god's name and the days of the Jr
week
A modified Swadesh List (Published 12 / 17 / 2017) Jr
A Paradise Made of Words Jr
The Sky-God Names and the Correlating Personal Pronouns Jr
The Nuclear Pillars of Symbolism (Published 10 / 28 / 2017) Jr
The Role of the Dual Form in Symbolism and Linguistics (Oct 17, 2017) Jr
The Correlation between the Central European Loess Belt, the Hellweg-Markers and Jr
the Main Isoglosses
The Central Symbolic Core of Provencal Language (Oct 7, 2017) Jr
Table 2: Overview of the Publications of Joannes Richter at Academia & Scribd