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6th Grade Numbers and Operations Chapter Problems

Integers

Classwork

1. Name 5 integers.

2. Name 5 numbers that are not integers.

3. What is the opposite of 20?

4. What is the opposite of -13?

5. Write an integer to represent each situation:

a. The temperature falls 5 degrees.

b. The team gains 25 yards.

c. You deposit $100 in your savings account.

d. You withdraw $75 dollars from your savings account.

e. The mountain is 1,500 feet above sea level.

f. A company loses $200,000.

g. You owe your dad $15.

h. The scuba diver is 35 feet below sea level.

6. Using the scoring system in the game of Jeopardy (you earn points for correct responses and lose points for incorrect

responses) what would be the final score after the following 5 responses:

a. Player 1 answers a 200 point question correct, a 150 point question wrong, a 50 point question correct, a 150

point question wrong, and 100 point question correct.

b. Player 2 answers a 100 point question wrong, a 50 point question correct, a 100 point question correct, a 150

point question correct and 200 point question wrong.

c. Player 3 gets a 200 point question correct, a 200 point question wrong, a 50 point question wrong, a 150 point

question correct and a 200 point question correct.

7. Use the Jeopardy scoring system and create a sequence of 5 answers that would give you a score of:
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a. 300 points

b. -50 points

c. 0 points

Homework

8. What is the opposite of -50?

9. What is the opposite of 11?

10. What is the opposite of 2?

11. What is the opposite of -7?

12. Write an integer to represent each situation:

a. The temperature rises 11 degrees.

b. The submarine dives 125 feet below sea level.

c. The team loses 15 yards.

d. You earn $35 babysitting.

e. A company loses $12,000 in a month.

f. A fee of $2.50 is charged.

g. You deposit $100 in your bank account.

h. Sea level.

13. Using the scoring system in the game of Jeopardy (you earn points for correct responses and lose points for incorrect

responses) what would be the final score after the following 5 responses:

a. Player 1 answers a 200 point question correct, a 50 point question wrong, a 250 point question correct, a 50

point question wrong, and 150 point question correct.

b. Player 2 answers a 200 point question wrong, a 100 point question correct, a 100 point question wrong, a 100

point question wrong and 50 point question correct.

c. Player 3 gets a 150 point question correct, a 100 point question wrong, a 50 point question wrong, a 100 point

question correct and a 250 point question correct.

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14. Use the Jeopardy scoring system and create a sequence of 5 answers that would give you a score of:

a. -150 points

b. 400 points

c. 0 points

Absolute Value

Classwork

15. Find:

a. │-12│

b. │25│

c. │-47│

d. │13│

16. Which numbers have the number given as their absolute value?

a. 150

b. 75

c. 14

d. 1250

17. How would you explain to a new student how to find the absolute value of -10 and +10?

Homework

18. Find:

a. │32│

b. │-35│

c. │-55│

d. │3│

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19. Which numbers have the number given as their absolute value?

a. 72

b. 28

c. 155

d. 2500

20. How would you explain to a new student how to find the absolute value of 27 and -27?

Comparing and Ordering Integers

Classwork

21. Place the appropriate inequality symbol between the following pairs of integers:

a. 3 -7

b. -8 -10

c. 12 -11

d. 7 7

e. -4 0

f. 0 5

22. Draw a number line and mark and label points for these numbers: 4, -7, 5, 0, -2, 1, -4

23. Draw a number line and mark and label points for these numbers: -15, 0, 7, 4, -3, -1, 9

24. If the temperature reading on a thermometer is 12°C, what will the new reading be if the temperature:

a. Falls 15°

b. Rises 3°

c. Falls 12°

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25. If the temperature reading on a thermometer is -7°C, what will the new reading be if the temperature:

a. Falls 3°

b. Rises 5°

c. Rises 9°

Homework

26. Place the appropriate inequality symbol between the following pairs of integers:

a. 25 -25

b. -30 -30

c. -17 -15

d. -99 -100

e. -5 0

f. 0 -1

27. Draw a number line and mark and label points for these numbers: 15, -3, 0, 5, -9, 7, 11

28. Draw a number line and mark and label points for these numbers: -9, 1, 0, -3, 9, -1, -8

29. If the temperature reading on a thermometer is 5°C, what will the new reading be if the temperature:

a. Falls 15°

b. Rises 3°

c. Falls 12°

30. If the temperature reading on a thermometer is -10°C, what will the new reading be if the temperature:

a. Falls 3°

b. Rises 5°

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c. Rises 9°

Comparing and Ordering Rational Numbers

Classwork

31. Place the appropriate inequality symbol between the following pairs of integers:
2
a. 0.3
7

5
b. - -0.42
12

1
c. 0.2
4

2
d. -0.3
5

7
e. - -0.8
8

3
f. -0.5
5

3 3
32. Draw a number line and mark and label points for these numbers: 0, , -0.25, 1 , -2.5
4 4

2 2 7
33. Draw a number line and mark and label points for these numbers: 0.26, - , -3.1,1 , −2
7 3 8

Homework

34. Place the appropriate inequality symbol between the following pairs of integers:
5
a. -0.6
8

1
b. -0.12 -
9

2
c. -0.15
7

1
d. 0.55
2

3
e. -0.75 -
4

f. 0 0.36

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1 2
35. Draw a number line and mark and label points for these numbers: 2 , -5, 2.26, 0, -3 , 8.1, -3.5
2 7

36. Draw a number line and mark and label points for these numbers: -0.73, 0, 2.53, 4.3, -0.39, -0.85

Exponents

Classwork

37. What is the base and exponent in the following expressions?

a. 53

b. 89

c. 112

38. 62 = 36, what does this have to do with a square?

39. 63 = 216, what does this have to do with a cube?

40. 32 =

41. 42 =

42. 52 =

43. 33 =

44. 43 =

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45. 53 =

46. 74 =

47. 34 =

48. 54 =

49. 45 =

50. 25 =

51. 15 =

Homework

52. What is the base and exponent in the following expressions?

a. 35

b. 58

c. 153

53. 72 = 49, what does this have to do with a square?

54. 73 = 343, what does this have to do with a cube?

55. 62 =

56. 72 =

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57. 82 =

58. 73 =

59. 63 =

60. 83 =

61. 44 =

62. 24 =

63. 84 =

64. 105 =

65. 55 =

66. 35 =

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Numbers and Operations Unit Review Problems

1. What is the opposite of -15?

a. 15

b. -15

c. 0

2. What is I-36I?

a. 36

b. -36

c. 0

3. What is I27I?

a. 27

b. -27

c. 0

4. -3 0

a. >

b. =

c. <

5. -5 -7

a. >

b. =

c. <

5
6. – − 0.45
7

a. >

b. =

c. <

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7. A sunken ship is 150 feet below sea level. Which statement is expressed correctly?

a. 150 feet below sea level can be represented by the integer -150.

b. The depth of the sunken ship is -150 feet below sea level.

c. Both A & B

8. The temperature dropped by 10° F when the sun went down. Which statement is expressed correctly?

a. The integer -10 represents the change in temperature in degrees Fahrenheit.

b. The temperature decreased by 10° F.

c. Both A & B

9. Which numbers have 23 as their absolute value?

1 7
10. Put the following numbers in order on a number line: -3 , 4.7, 0, -2.58, , -5.2
3 8

11. It is well known that Antarctica has freezing temperatures. The chart below shows the average monthly

temperature from 1958 at Vostok Station in Antarctica.

Month Jan Feb Mar April May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec

Average Temp F

(rounded to nearest -26 -48 -72 -85 -86 -85 -88 -90 -87 -71 -45 -25

½ number.)

a. Plot these temperatures on a number line.

b. Hannah wrote the inequality -72 > -85 to compare the average temperatures for March and April. Explain

what this comparison means about the temperatures for these two dates.

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12. A scuba diver is on an expedition to view whales in their natural habitat. The diver begins his journey on a boat, at

10 feet above the surface of the water. He spots his first whale at 100 feet below the surface.

a. Write an integer to represent the diver’s depth.

b. Draw and plot these points on a number line to show the distance from the diver’s position on the boat to

the location where he spots his first whale.

c. The diver views a school of fish on his way back to the surface, 30 feet above the spot where he viewed

his first whale. What integer represents the diver’s depth during this sighting? Add this location to the

number line.

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Answer Key: 6th Grade Numbers and Operations Chapter Problems

1. For example: 3, 4, 5, -2, -2

2. For example: ½, -3/4, 0.4, √5, π

3. -20

4. 13

5.

a. -5

b. +25

c. +100

d. -75

e. +1,500

f. -200,000

g. -15

h. -35

6.

a. +50

b. 0

c. +300

7. Answers will vary.

8. 50

9. -11

10. -2

11. 7

12.

a. +11

b. -125

c. -15

d. +35

e. -12,000

f. -2.50

g. +100
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h. 0

13.

a. +500

b. -250

c. +350

14. Answers will vary.

15.

a. 12

b. 25

c. 47

d. 13

16.

a. -150, 150

b. -75, 75

c. -14, 14

d. -1250, 1250

17. Absolute value is the distance from zero on the number line, regardless of direction. -10 and 10 are both 10 units

from zero, so │-10│=10 and │10│=10.

18.

a. 32

b. 35

c. 55

d. 3

19.

a. -72, 72

b. -28, 28

c. -155, 155

d. -2500, 2500

20. Absolute value is the distance from zero on the number line, regardless of direction. -27 and 27 are both 27 units

from zero, so │-27│=27 and │27│=27.

21.
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a. 3 > -7

b. -8 > -10

c. 12 > -11

d. 7 = 7

e. -4 < 0

f. 0 < 5

22. Order on number line: -7, -4, -2, 0, 1, 4, 5

23. Order on number line: -15, -3, -1, 0, 4, 7, 9

24.

a. -3°C

b. 15°C

c. 0°C

25.

a. -10°C

b. -2°C

c. 2°C

26.

a. 25 > -25

b. -30 = -30

c. -17 < -15

d. -99 > -100

e. -5 < 0

f. 0 > -1

27. Order on number line: -9, -3, 0, 5, 7, 11, 15

28. Order on number line: -9, -8, -3, -1, 0, 1, 9

29.

a. -10°C

b. 8°C

c. -7°C

30.

a. -13°C
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b. -5°C

c. -1°C

31.
2
a. < 0.3
7

5
b. - > -0.42
12

1
c. 0.2 <
4

2
d. > -0.3
5

7
e. - < -0.8
8

3
f. -0.5 <
5

3 3
32. Order on number line: -2.5, -0.25, 0, , 1
4 4

7 2 2
33. Order on number line: -3.1, - 2 , - , 0.26, 1
8 7 3

34.
5
a. > -0.6
8

1
b. -0.12 < -
9

2
c. > -0.15
7

1
d. < 0.55
2

3
e. -0.75 = -
4

f. 0 < 0.36
2 1
35. Order on number line: -5, -3.5, -3 , 0, 2.26, 2 , 8.1
7 2

36. Order on number line: -0.85, -0.73, -0.39, 0, 2.53, 4.3

37.

a. base = 5, exponent = 3

b. base = 8, exponent = 9

c. base = 11, exponent = 2

38. 36 is the area of a square with side lengths of 6.

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39. 216 is the volume of a cube with side lengths of 6.

40. 9

41. 16

42. 25

43. 27

44. 64

45. 125

46. 2401

47. 81

48. 625

49. 1024

50. 32

51. 1

52.

a. base = 3, exponent = 5

b. base = 5, exponent = 8

c. base = 15, exponent = 3

53. 49 is the area of a square with side lengths of 7.

54. 343 is the volume of a cube with side lengths of 7.

55. 36

56. 49

57. 64

58. 343

59. 216

60. 512

61. 256

62. 16

63. 4096

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64. 100,000

65. 3125

66. 243

Number and Operations Unit Review Questions

1. a 4. c 7. a

2. a 5. a 8. c

3. a 6. c

9. 23, -23
1 7
10. Order on the number line: -5.2, -3 , -2.58, 0, , 4.7
3 8

11.a.

b. It means that the average temperature for March (-72) is warmer than the average

temperature for April (-85).

12.

a. -100

b and c.

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c. -70

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