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# Fuel and Combustion CHE-322

Class solved problem #1
Calculate the ultimate analysis of the VM from the following analysis of a coal. Both analysis are on “air
dried” coal.
Component Ultimate Analysis Proximate Analysis
% %
C 79.9
H 4.85
O 6.76
S 0.69
N 1.30
Ash 6.5
Moisture 3.2
Fixed Carbon 69.3
VM 21

Class solved problem # 2
A furnace is fired with coal containing: Moisture = 6%, VM = 18%, FC = 67% and Ash = 9%.
The refuse analysis shows:
VM = 5%
FC = 23%
Ash = 62%
HHV of coal = 33260 KJ/Kg
Heating value of FC = 33840 KJ/Kg
Calculate the percentage of the heating value of the coal that is lost in the refuse.

Fuel and Combustion CHE-322
Class solved problem # 3
A gas of following composition by volume is burned with air
CH4 H2 CO2 CO O2 C2H4 N2
25% 45% 3% 10% 1% 1% 15%
Calculate:
1. Theoretical air required
2. Composition of the dry flue gas produced when the gas is burned with
a. Theoretical air
b. 50% excess air
3. Composition and mass of the wet flue gas produced when the gas is burned with 50% excess air

Fuel and Combustion CHE-322

Fuel and Combustion CHE-322

Fuel and Combustion CHE-322
Class solved problem # 4
An oil fuel containing carbon and hydrogen only is burned to produce the following flue gas (dry basis)
CO2 O2 N2
10.5% 7.5% 82%
Estimate the gravimetric analysis of the fuel and excess air supplied.

Fuel and Combustion CHE-322

Fuel and Combustion CHE-322
Problem # 5
A coal containing 84% C is burned is to produce a flue gas of the following composition (dry basis)
CO2 CO O2 N2
12.5% 1.5% 5.5% 80.5%
Calorific value of C = 33.96 MJ/kg
Calorific value of CO = 10.23 MJ/Kg
1. Estimate the mass of C converted to CO per Kg of coal burned
2. Estimate the heat lost by the incomplete combustion due to formation of CO.
Fuel and Combustion CHE-322
Fuel and Combustion CHE-322

Fuel and Combustion CHE-322
Problem # 6
A coal of following composition is burned in a furnace leaving an ash which contain 25% Carbon.
C = 84%
Ash = 10%
Calorific value of C = 33.96 MJ/Kg
Calorific value of Coal = 31.4 MJ/Kg
Estimate:
1. Mass of carbon lost in the ash per Kg of coal burned
2. The %age of Carbon burned
3. The heat lost due to the loss of carbon in ash

Fuel and Combustion CHE-322
Problem # 7
If the product of combustion of an engine shows following composition by volume in dry basis, solve the air
to fuel ratio by weight used.
CO2 = 6.0%
CO = 13.4%
CH4 = 0.5%
O2 = 0.2%
H2 = 8%

Fuel and Combustion CHE-322
Problem # 8
A fuel gas having the following analysis is burned with air
CO2 O2 N2 CO H2 CH4 C2H6
2% 1% 12% 7% 46% 30% 2%
The flue gas issuing from the combustion chamber contained
H2 CO N2 CO2 H 2O
18% 10% 63% 3% 6%
Compute:
1. The volume of the flue gas produced per m3 fuel gas burned
2. The percentage of air deficiency.

Fuel and Combustion CHE-322

Fuel and Combustion CHE-322
Problem # 9
Compute the composition of the exhaust gases resulting from combustion of C8H18 with 85% theoretical air.

Fuel and Combustion CHE-322