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ENGLISH PHONETICS AND PHONOLOGY I

ENGLISH PHONEMIC ALPHABET

2019

Equipo de Cátedra
Titular: Prof. Mgter. María Verónica Segura

Colaboradoras: Prof. Mgter. Liliana Pérez

Prof. Marcela Meyebovsky

Jefas de Trabajos Prácticos: Prof. Carolina Ríos

Prof. Celeste Luna

Prof. Belén Traetta

Adscripta: Prof. Mercedes Romero Day


Standard Lexical Sets
Wells, J. C. (1982) Accents of English, ch. 2.2

Consonants Vowels

p pen, copy, happen ɪ KIT, bid, hymn, minute

b back, baby, job e DRESS, bed, head, many

t tea, tight, button æ TRAP, bad

d day, ladder, odd ɒ LOT, odd, wash

k key, clock, school ʌ STRUT, mud, love, blood

g get, giggle, ghost ʊ FOOT, good, put

tʃ church, match, nature iː FLEECE, sea, machine

dʒ judge, age, soldier eɪ FACE, day, break

f fat, coffee, rough, photo aɪ PRICE, high, try

v view, heavy, move ɔɪ CHOICE, boy

θ thing, author, path uː GOOSE, two, blue, group

ð this, other, smooth əʊ GOAT, show, no

s soon, cease, sister aʊ MOUTH, now

z zero, music, roses, buzz ɪə NEAR, here, weary

ʃ ship, sure, national eə SQUARE. fair, various

ʒ pleasure, vision ɑː PALM, start, father

h hot, whole, ahead ɔː THOUGHT, law, north, war

m more, hammer, sum ʊə CURE, poor, jury, cure

n nice, know, funny, sun ɜː NURSE, stir, learn, refer

ŋ ring, anger, thanks, sung ə (SCHWA), about, common, standard

l light, valley, feel i (WEAK FLEECE), happy, radiate. glorious


right, wrong, sorry, (WEAK GOOSE), thank you, influence,
r u
arrange situation
j yet, use, beauty, few n̩ suddenly, cotton

w wet, one, when, queen l̩ middle, metal


English Phonemic Alphabet with key words

VOWELS

VOWEL SOUND WORD WORD WORD


CLASSIFICATION INITIAL MEDIAL FINAL

FRONT VOWEL  eat feed knee

FRONT VOWEL  inch live city

pretty

(In this context,


the KIT is old-
fashioned)
FRONT VOWEL /e/ egg leg

FRONT VOWEL  apple mad

CENTRAL VOWEL  earth bird prefer

CENTRAL VOWEL // away family better

CENTRAL VOWEL  other love

BACK VOWEL  office dog

BACK VOWEL  almost brought door

BACK VOWEL  umlaut book

BACK VOWEL  ooze food zoo

BACK VOWEL  ask card far


DIPHTHONGS

CLASSIFICATION SOUND WI WM WF

FRONT  ice write sky

FRONT  able make day

FRONT  oil voice boy

CENTRING  ear fear dear

CENTRING  air stairs dare

CENTRING  surely poor

BACK  out house cow

BACK  oak boat know

1
Nowadays, this diphthong is pronounced as a monophthong //.
CONSONANTS

Plosives

Sound WI WM WF Initial Final


cluster cluster
 pain simply cheap play kept


 big husband club brain table


 ten after rat try little


 day ready mad dry middle


 car baker rock skin milk


 go bigger leg glass eagle

Affricates

Sound WI WM WF Initial Final


cluster cluster
 church nature bench watched


 jar urgent large judged


Fricatives

Sound WI WM WF Initial Final


cluster cluster
 fish coffee enough fly left


 voice never have view loved


 think author mouth three length


 this father with rhythm


 sand passive race scream cats


 zero easy noise legs


 shoe mission wash shrink patient


 genre pleasure beige illusions


 hot behind


Nasals

Sound WI WM WF Initial Final


cluster cluster
 my summer name smell films


 nose dinner nine snow listen


 singer thing link

Approximants

Sound WI WM WF Initial Final


cluster cluster
Median red sorry It doesn’t occur in price
non-rhotic
accents



Median word away twelve




Median yes acute music




Lateral lip yellow full slow cold
