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International Journal of Computer Science Trends and Technology (IJCST) – Volume 7 Issue 3, May - Jun 2019

RESEARCH ARTICLE OPEN ACCESS

Analysis of Emotion Mining using Data Mining Techniques


Harsimranjit Singh [1], Jatinder Singh Bal [2], Vijay Rana [3]
Research Scholar [1]
.Department of Computer Science and Application,
Sant Baba Bagh Singh University
Jalandhar,Punjab – India

ABSTRACT
As common network site are trendy, so they turn into main part of person’s societal interaction. These communal network sites
are rich in emotions where people share their feelings, opinions, emotions. Extracting emotions from these social networking
sites play an important role in various fields. Many techniques are proposed by various authors to remove emotion from these
common network sites. This paper reviews various techniques of emotion mining.
Keywords:- Emotion Mining, Data Mining, Opinions, Social Media.

I. INTRODUCTION marketing research, General marketing, Idea generation & new


Emotions are a obligatory element of being nature that can be product development, Co-advance, Customer service, civic
consider as hereditary. Also it have be establish that relations, worker communications and in Reputation
appearance of a exacting emotion by dissimilar human being is organization [7].
the same. Several persistent emotions that last a great deal Emotion mining from text comprises of following phases:
longer result in mood. Mood can be a outcome of a mixture of
certain emotions of a person. On the complete emotions can be  Raw Data Collection
categorised into two: fundamental and difficult. Basic  Data pre-processing utilizing natural language
emotions are delight, unhappiness, irritation, horror, repulsion processing methods
and revelation as discussed by Ekman [1]. The complex  Feature Selection
emotions are a grouping of two or more basic emotions that  Identification of Emotions
are experienced by a person at an instance [2].  Classification of Emotions
The civilization, the world we live in, our relatives had once  Evaluation stage
seen an period when people converse through letter posts,
telegram etc. A very recent method people use is telephone, II. EMOTIONS
wired and regularly become wireless. Nowadays for interact The categorization of emotions has often been studied from
with friends, relatives, social contacts and among people of two principal techniques: basic emotions and core influence
dissimilar community, section and countries.Common [15].
Networking becomes a very dominant and essential tool. This
technique affect and transformed the mode people relate with 1. Basic Emotions:
each other. Certainly, this becomes a very essential part of
Basic emotion theorists suppose that persons have a small set
everyday life. Common networking websites like Facebook,
of average emotions, that are discrete. More than a few
LinkedIn, Twitter provide a very authoritative medium and a
researchers have tried to establish a number of normal feelings
platform for communication amongst individuals leading to
which might be common amongst every person and range one
common learning and contribution of knowledge. Societal
from another in most important methods. A state-of-the-art
Web based application also provide opportunity to individuals
illustration is a go-cultural be taught of 1972 by means of Paul
or to a grouping of individuals for contribution of information
Ekman and his colleagues, where they concluded that the six
in form of Wall posts, comments, chat and discussions. This
long-established emotions are anger, disgust, worry, happy,
provide an emotionally rich environment to the subjects to
sad, and shock.
Interact [5].
2. Core Affect Model:
Data mining is a authoritative tool that can assist to find
patterns and relationships within our data. Data mining Core influence model of emotion characterizes human feelings
discover unseen information from huge database. The overall with the aid of defining their positions along two or three
objective of the data mining process is to remove information dimensions. That's, most dimensional units contain valence
from a data set and convert it into an reasonable structure for and arousal dimensions.
extra use. Common networks can be used in numerous
a)Emotion Analysis in Text:
business activities like increasing word-of-mouth marketing,

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International Journal of Computer Science Trends and Technology (IJCST) – Volume 7 Issue 3, May - Jun 2019

Effort for emotion evaluation on Twitter talents entire via A targeted occasion or obstacle is examined. The emotions
Bollen and his colleagues. They tried to find a relationship invoked with the aid of this unique occasion helps to verify
between total public mood and social, fiscal and different emotional intensity in the text. This approach provides
major targets. They extracted six dimensions of temper accurate prediction of emotion from over elaborate sentence. It
(anxiety, depression, anger, power, fatigue, confusion) using is dependent upon specified dataset used which contains of
an increased variant of POMS (pro- file of temper States), a actual world advantage.
psychometric instrument. They placed that social, political,
cultural and monetary ambitions have a huge, and immediate IV. RELATED WORK
outcomes on the quite a lot of dimensions of public mood.
As internet becomes universal mean to communicate, world
has changed at a very fast pace. Social networking sites are a
III. EMOTION MINING APPROACHES
common means to interact with each other. These networking
Emotion Mining may also be divided into three classes. The sites are most searched pages on the internet.
primary class ambitions to extract valence of the text. It shows
Jain et al. [17] provided an advanced framework for detection
polarity of emotions related to it. Second class ambitions to
of emotions of users in Multilanguage text data making use of
check whether text is subjective or factual. It determines if the
emotion theories, which offers with linguistics and psychology.
textual content includes feelings or now not. The third
The emotion extraction approach is developed established on a
category pursuits to comprehend intensity of emotions in the
couple of facets companies for thebetter working out of
text [16].
emotion lexicons. Empirical studies of three actual-time
A. Keyword Spotting hobbies in domains like aPolitical election, healthcare, and
sporting activities are carried out making use of the proposed
It's headquartered on a lexicon or a dictionary grouping
framework. The system used for dynamic keywords collection
phrases which have emotional associations. It predict the
is headquartered on RSS (rich web site summary) feeds of
emotions of the creator by way of determining affective
headlines of news articles and trending hashtags from Twitter.
phrases from the textual content. Phrases are unambiguous and
A clever information assortment model has been developed
reflect evidently a exact emotion. It's easy to kind word-
using dynamic keywords. Each word of emotion contained in a
emotion association and predict feelings from textual content
tweet is principal in decision making and as a consequence to
using these associations. If sentence may be very intricate then
retainthe importance of multilingual emotional words,
feelings are envisioned poorly as this strategy is situated on
effective pre-processing manner has been used. NaiveBayes
person words. It fails to uncover underlying feelings and
algorithm and support Vector machine (SVM) is used for high-
intensity from the text. It is incapable of recognizing sentences
quality-grained feelings classification of tweets. Experiments
without key terms. Syntax structures and semantics raise
conducted on accumulated information units, exhibit that the
influences on emotions expressed. Accordingly, linguistic
proposed method performs better in assessment to a corpus-
know-how is needed to discover emotion more effectively.
pushed strategy which assigns affective orientation or rankings
B. Lexical Affinity to words. Theproposed emotion extraction framework
performs better on the accumulated dataset through combining
A probabilistic affinity is assigned to each word for a unique featuresets inclusive of phrases from publicly to be had lexical
emotion. This process is a little more sophisticated than
resources. Additionally, the presented work for the extraction
keyword spotting. Like key phrase spotting, this process also of emotion from tweets performs better in comparisons of
performs poorly when sentence is over intricate. different standard sentiment analysis techniques which might
C. Natural Language Processing be stylish of the designated present have an impact on lexicons.
In this process, machine studying algorithms are used to be Dhawan et al. [2] review feeling mining techniques in
trained lexical affinities and word co-occurence frequencies. A common networking sites. He stated that latest research shows
gigantic textual content corpus is used as training the that it is advisable to deal with various kinds of sentences by
classifier. Accuracy of expected emotion is dependent upon various strategies. Also author describe the requirement of
trained classifier and corpus used for coaching. A poorly some tools to mine certain emotions from different sources of
knowledgeable classifier will obviously leads to incorrect data that gives accurate outcomes.
prediction of feelings. For the reason that social media Mohamed et al. [3] surveyed enhancement done in the field of
network's area, it's rough to set statistical ideas as language
emotion mining along with comparative study for various
used lacks right constitution. techniques. Also, this paper presented investigation on the
D. Handcrafted Models technology utilized in this area and also on the implementation
of these techniques. These techniques are categorized into two
To mine feelings from text, a mannequin uses deep working areas: lexical based techniques and ML based techniques. A
out of the certain textual content. They are tricky methods and descriptive process cycle to build such type of systems is also
their findings are complicated to generalize to different texts. presented in this paper.

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International Journal of Computer Science Trends and Technology (IJCST) – Volume 7 Issue 3, May - Jun 2019

A novel technique to study friendship emotions and relations is quantity of blog posts from one of the biggest online blogging
presented byYassine et al. [4]. The main aim of this work is to communities Livejournal. The author took the advantage of the
extract information about emotions from social networking Livejournal that allows writers to update their current mood
sites. Author shows interest to depict if writer shows his/her from the 132 given categories. Yahoo API was utilised to
emotions through their writings. This study considers a case obtain a list of 1000 web pages contain a Livejournal blog post
study called Lebanese Facebook users. It is based on k-means with each kind of mood.
clustering technique and is unsupervised technique.
Roberts et al. [13] presented in public available quantity of
Kumari et al. [5] discuss dissimilar methods and technique to tweets annotate with seven different kinds of emotions
mine emotion from text. Emotion study algorithms are utilize comprising Ekman’s six emotions and love. The main goal of
to approximate the public emotion on dissimilar exertion this research is to present emotion distributions in different
discuss in the common network. Based on text comments emotion evoking topics. Tweets were collected from twitter
author categorized friendship type. using Twitter API on 14 different topics that evoke emotions.
Moreover, they describe a baseline scheme for mechanically
Dhawan et al. [6] presented a novel perspective to study
annotating of emotions for tweets in which they used
expressions of emotions’ in online common networks. This
previously annotated tweets by professional annotators for
paper adopts unsupervised technique; mainly it utilizes the
training the data. They used series of binary SVM classifiers to
nearest neighbor algorithm and k-means clustering algorithm.
detect each of the seven emotions annotated in the corpus they
Results demonstrate enhanced accuracy for model in
created. Additionally, linguistic style features are also
predicting emotions and determining subjectivity of texts.
presented in this paper for topic “U.S Elections 2012”.
Sharma et al. [7] discuss regarding data mining techniques.
Wang et al. [14] exploit a technique to automatically annotate
This paper offered a survey of the work perform in the region
a large amount of data. They extracted large amount of tweets
of common network investigation and also focus on the future
(2.5 million) from twitter instead of using already annotated
span in study on common network analysis. This paper
corpus which consists of just thousands of tweets. The main
presented study related to social networks utilizing Web
focus of this research is to think about the viability of different
mining methods.
element mixes and in addition the impact of the measure of the
Qamar et al. [8] proposed to utilize fuzzy logic to detect preparation information on the feeling analysis work.
emotional content from text. Fuzzy logic was developed to
handle ill-defined concepts. The transfer from one V. CONCLUSION
physiological state of emotion to another is gradual and it is
easy to model by fuzzy logic technique. This paper presents review on numerous emotion mining
techniques. The growth in fame of online social networks has
Dutta et al. [9] presented the charge base on fuzzy logic enormously affected the way humans have interaction with
implementation to recognize emotions from text. This pals and acquaintances this present day. Indeed, interacting by
technique is based on execution of fuzzy logic to recognize means of online social networks and on-line chatting systems
emotions from text in MATLAB environment. has turn out to be ubiquitous, and a fundamental element of a
Colneric et al. [10] explore the utilise of deep learning for man or woman’s lifestyles. Friendships and social
emotion recognition and produced three large collection of relationships can be deduced and located on these web sites for
tweets labelled with Ekman’s, Plutchik’s and POMS’s the reason that they mirror the steady interplay between the
classifications of emotions. Persistent neural networks indeed subjects and are certainly emotionally wealthy environments.
better the baseline set by the common bag-of-words model.
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