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Nervous System

Central nervous system (CNS) Peripheral nervous system (PNS)


● It includes the brain and the spinal chord ● It includes the nerves that emerge from
contained within the vertebral column and enter into the brain & spinal chord

Brain Spinal chord Somatic nervous system(SNS) Autonomic nervous system


● It receives information ● It controls reflexes below the neck ● It conveys information to skeletal (ANS)
carrying impulses ● It conducts sensory impulses or voluntary muscles ● It includes a pair of chains of
● It correlates the stimuli & from the skin & muscles to ganglia and nerves which
produces appropiate response the brain control the involuntary actions
● It stores information ● It conducts motor response Cranial Nerves Spinal Nerves of many internal organs
from the brain to muscle ● They emerge from ● They emerge from
of the trunk and limbs the brain the spinal chord

Fore Mid brain Hind brain ● There are 12 pairs ● There are 31 pairs
brain of cranial nerves of spinal nerves
A small tubular Sympathetic Para- sympathetic
part reflexes
involving eyes & Cerebelum Pons Medulla oblongata
ears

● Coordinates ● Located in the ● Nerves betw ● Nerves above


Cerebrum Diencephalon muscular centre ● Controls activities neck and waist neck and below secrum
activity, of the brain of internal organs heart ● Stimulatory ● Calming
● Seat of balance of below the beat, breathing etc ● Accln heartbeat, ● Retards heartbeat,
intelligence the body cerebelum dilates pupil, constricts constricts pupil,
memory, ● It carries blood vessels dilates blood
concsiouness impulses from ● Inhabits secretion vessels
will power, one hemisphere of saliva ● Stimulates secretion
voluntary actions. & coordinates of saliva
muscular movements on both
the sides of the body
Thalamus Hypothalamus
● relays pain ● controls the
& pressure body temp.
impulses to pituitary
cerebrum
rum