You are on page 1of 16

# DESIGN FOR ADEQUACY OF PROVISION OF SINGLE LIFTING HOOKS

## Precast component : Precast Aircon Ledge Project : Jurong West

N3C30A
Component's properties

Using the most critical piece of component for design, Item code: AL-Type 1a

Length, L = 1620 mm
Width, b = 720 mm
Height, h = 165 mm
Concrete area, A = m^2
Concrete volume, V = 0.17 m^3
Concrete density, D = 25 kN/m^3

## 1) At component's demoulding stage

Factor of safety, FS = 3
Design load, DL = W * FS = 12.75 kN
Strength during demoulding, Fcu = 10 N/mm^2

a) Tensile check

## No. of lifting hooks provided, n = 4

Lifting hook material = Mild Steel Bar

## Utilmate tensile stress, Fpu = 250 N/mm^2

Diameter of bar used, Dia = 10 mm
Area of tensile bar, As' = ( * Dia^2) / 4 = 78.54 mm^2
Yield strength of bar, Fy = n * Fpu * As = 78.54 kN > DL (12.75 kN)

## According to BS8110 Part 1 Clause 3.12.8.4 Table 3.26,

Bond coefficient, = 0.4

## Design ultimate anchorage bond stress, Fbu = Fcu

= 1.26 N/mm^2

Page 1 of 16
JWN3C30A
Precast Aircon Ledge (AL - Type 1a)

Assume 90 degree bend, min. Anchorage length either 4*(internal dia. of bend) or
actual length of bar,

## Minimum anchorage length provided, Le (assume 90 0 bend) = 250 mm

Diameter used, Dia' = 10 mm
Anchorage length required, L' of each bar = DL / [ * Dia' * Fbu]
= 40.10 mm < Le (250 mm)

## Strength during erection stage, Fcu = 40 N/mm^2

a) Assuming the number of lifting hooks used are similar to that as in demoulding stage,
result for tensile check is similar to that in the calculation as in demoulding stage.

## According to BS8110 Part 1 Clause 3.12.8.4 Table 3.26,

Bond coefficient, = 0.40

## Design ultimate anchorage bond stress, Fbu = Fcu

= 2.53 N/mm^2

Assume 90 degree bend, min. Anchorage length either 4*(internal dia. of bend) or
actual length of bar,

## Minimum anchorage length provided, Le (assume 90 0 bend) = 250 mm

Diameter used, Dia' = 10 mm
Anchorage length required, L' of each bar = DL / [ * Dia' * Fbu]
= 20.05 mm < Le (250mm)

Page 2 of 16
DESIGN FOR ADEQUACY OF PROVISION OF SINGLE LIFTING HOOKS

## Precast component : Precast Household Shelter Project : Jurong West

N3C30A
Component's properties

Using the most critical piece of component for design, Item code: 1PHS1L

Length, L = 1800 mm
Width, b = 2700 mm
Height, h = 2630 mm
Concrete area, A = m^2
Concrete volume, V = 3.34 m^3
Concrete density, D = 25 kN/m^3

## 1) At component's demoulding stage

Factor of safety, FS = 3
Design load, DL = W * FS = 250.50 kN
Strength during demoulding, Fcu = 10 N/mm^2

a) Tensile check

## No. of lifting hooks provided, n = 4

Lifting hook material = Prestressing strands

## Ultimate tensile stress, Fpu = 1860 N/mm^2

Diameter of strand, Dia = 9.53 mm
Area of prestressing strand, As = 54.84 mm^2
Yield strength of strand, Fy = n * Fpu * As = 408.01 kN > DL (250.50 kN)

## According to BS8110 Part 1 Clause 3.12.8.4 Table 3.26,

Bond coefficient, = 0.4

## Design ultimate anchorage bond stress, Fbu = Fcu

= 1.26 N/mm^2

Page 3 of 16
JWN3C30A
Precast Household Shelter (1PHS-1L)

Assume 90 degree bend, min. Anchorage length either 4*(internal dia. of bend) or
actual length of bar,

## Minimum anchorage length provided, Le (assume 90 0 bend) = 1000 mm

Diameter used, Dia' = 9.53 mm
Anchorage length required, L' of each bar = DL / [ * Dia' * Fbu]
= 826.72 mm < Le (1000 mm)

## Strength during erection stage, Fcu = 40 N/mm^2

a) Assuming the number of lifting hooks used are similar to that as in demoulding stage,
result for tensile check is similar to that in the calculation as in demoulding stage.

## According to BS8110 Part 1 Clause 3.12.8.4 Table 3.26,

Bond coefficient, = 0.40

## Design ultimate anchorage bond stress, Fbu = Fcu

= 2.53 N/mm^2

Assume 90 degree bend, min. Anchorage length either 4*(internal dia. of bend) or
actual length of bar,

## Minimum anchorage length provided, Le (assume 90 0 bend) = 1000 mm

Diameter used, Dia' = 9.53 mm
Anchorage length required, L' of each bar = DL / [ * Dia' * Fbu]
= 413.36 mm < Le (1000 mm)

Page 4 of 16
DESIGN FOR ADEQUACY OF PROVISION OF SINGLE LIFTING HOOKS

## Precast component : Precast Roof Panel Feature Project : Jurong West

N3C30A
Component's properties

Using the most critical piece of component for design, Item code: PRP - C2

Length, L = 7343 mm
Width, b = 1300 mm
Height, h = 400 mm
Concrete area, A = m^2
Concrete volume, V = 3.38 m^3
Concrete density, D = 25 kN/m^3

## 1) At component's demoulding stage

Factor of safety, FS = 3
Design load, DL = W * FS = 253.50 kN
Strength during demoulding, Fcu = 10 N/mm^2

a) Tensile check

## No. of lifting hooks provided, n = 4

Lifting hook material = Prestressing strands

## Ultimate tensile stress, Fpu = 1860 N/mm^2

Diameter of strand, Dia = 9.53 mm
Area of prestressing strand, As = 54.84 mm^2
Yield strength of strand, Fy = n * Fpu * As = 408.01 kN > DL (253.50 kN)

## According to BS8110 Part 1 Clause 3.12.8.4 Table 3.26,

Bond coefficient, = 0.4

## Design ultimate anchorage bond stress, Fbu = Fcu

= 1.26 N/mm^2

Page 5 of 16
JWN3C30A
Precast Roof Panel Feature ( PRP-C2)

Assume 90 degree bend, min. Anchorage length either 4*(internal dia. of bend) or
actual length of bar,

## Minimum anchorage length provided, Le (assume 90 0 bend) = 1000 mm

Diameter used, Dia' = 9.53 mm
Anchorage length required, L' of each bar = DL / [ * Dia' * Fbu]
= 836.62 mm < Le (1000 mm)

## Strength during erection stage, Fcu = 40 N/mm^2

a) Assuming the number of lifting hooks used are similar to that as in demoulding stage,
result for tensile check is similar to that in the calculation as in demoulding stage.

## According to BS8110 Part 1 Clause 3.12.8.4 Table 3.26,

Bond coefficient, = 0.40

## Design ultimate anchorage bond stress, Fbu = Fcu

= 2.53 N/mm^2

Assume 90 degree bend, min. Anchorage length either 4*(internal dia. of bend) or
actual length of bar,

## Minimum anchorage length provided, Le (assume 90 0 bend) = 1000 mm

Diameter used, Dia' = 9.53 mm
Anchorage length required, L' of each bar = DL / [ * Dia' * Fbu]
= 418.31 mm < Le (1000 mm)

Page 6 of 16
DESIGN FOR ADEQUACY OF PROVISION OF SINGLE LIFTING HOOKS

## Precast component : Precast Screen Wall Project : Jurong West

N3C30A
Component's properties

Using the most critical piece of component for design, Item code: Type - 1SW2

Length, L = 5386 mm
Width, b = 300 mm
Height, h = 3000 mm
Concrete area, A = m^2
Concrete volume, V = 1.70 m^3
Concrete density, D = 25 kN/m^3

## 1) At component's demoulding stage

Factor of safety, FS = 3
Design load, DL = W * FS = 127.20 kN
Strength during demoulding, Fcu = 10 N/mm^2

a) Tensile check

## No. of lifting hooks provided, n = 2

Lifting hook material = Prestressing strands

## Ultimate tensile stress, Fpu = 1860 N/mm^2

Diameter of strand, Dia = 9.53 mm
Area of prestressing strand, As = 54.84 mm^2
Yield strength of strand, Fy = n * Fpu * As = 204.00 kN > DL (127.20 kN)

## According to BS8110 Part 1 Clause 3.12.8.4 Table 3.26,

Bond coefficient, = 0.4

## Design ultimate anchorage bond stress, Fbu = Fcu

= 1.26 N/mm^2

Page 7 of 16
JWN3C30A
Precast Screen Wall (Type - 1SW2)

Assume 90 degree bend, min. Anchorage length either 4*(internal dia. of bend) or
actual length of bar,

## Minimum anchorage length provided, Le (assume 90 0 bend) = 1000 mm

Diameter used, Dia' = 9.53 mm
Anchorage length required, L' of each bar = DL / [ * Dia' * Fbu]
= 839.59 mm < Le (1000 mm)

## Strength during erection stage, Fcu = 40 N/mm^2

a) Assuming the number of lifting hooks used are similar to that as in demoulding stage,
result for tensile check is similar to that in the calculation as in demoulding stage.

## According to BS8110 Part 1 Clause 3.12.8.4 Table 3.26,

Bond coefficient, = 0.40

## Design ultimate anchorage bond stress, Fbu = Fcu

= 2.53 N/mm^2

Assume 90 degree bend, min. Anchorage length either 4*(internal dia. of bend) or
actual length of bar,

## Minimum anchorage length provided, Le (assume 90 0 bend) = 1000 mm

Diameter used, Dia' = 9.53 mm
Anchorage length required, L' of each bar = DL / [ * Dia' * Fbu]
= 419.80 mm < Le (1000 mm)

Page 8 of 16
DESIGN FOR ADEQUACY OF PROVISION OF SINGLE LIFTING HOOKS

## Precast component : Precast Non-Prestressed Planks Project : SKN2C36

(Drain Cover)
Component's properties

Using the most critical piece of component for design, Item code: NPS5

Length, L = 2200 mm
Width, b = 490 mm
Height, h = 70 mm
Concrete area, A = 1.08 m^2
Concrete volume, V = 0.08 m^3
Concrete density, D = 24 kN/m^3

## At component's demoulding stage

Factor of safety, FS = 3
Design load, DL = W * FS = 5.43 kN
Strength during demoulding, Fcu = 10 N/mm^2

Tensile check

## No. of lifting hooks provided, n = 2

Lifting hook material = Mild Bars

When prestressing strands are used, complete section A. Else if mild steel bars are used,
complete section B. Else if tensile bars are used, complete section C.

Section A
Ultimate tensile stress, Fpu = 1860 N/mm^2
Diameter of strand, Dia = 9.53 mm
Area of prestressing strand, As = 0 mm^2
Yield strength of strand, Fy = n * Fpu * As = 0.00 kN > DL

Section B
Utilmate tensile stress, Fpu = 250 N/mm^2
Diameter of bar used, Dia = 8 mm
Area of tensile bar, As' = ( * Dia^2) / 4 = 50.27 mm^2
Yield strength of bar, Fy = n * Fpu * As = 25.13 kN > DL

Section C
Utilmate tensile stress, Fpu = 460 N/mm^2
Diameter of bar used, Dia = 0 mm
Area of tensile bar, As' = ( * Dia^2) / 4 = 0.00 mm^2
Yield strength of bar, Fy = n * Fpu * As = 0.00 kN > DL
Page 9 of 16
Anchorage length check

## According to BS8110 Part 1 Clause 3.12.8.4 Table 3.26,

Bond coefficient, = 0.4

## Design ultimate anchorage bond stress, Fbu = Fcu

= 1.26 N/mm^2

Assume 90 degree bend, min. Anchorage length either 4*(internal dia. of bend) or
actual length of bar,

## Minimum anchorage length provided, Le (assume 90 0 bend) = 250 mm

Diameter used, Dia' = 8 mm
Anchorage length required, L' = DL / [ * Dia' * Fbu]
= 170.88 mm < Le

Note: For prestressing strand the Dia' used = area of prestressing bar used.
Else for single bar, used the bar diameter

## Strength during erection stage, Fcu = 25 N/mm^2

Assuming the number of lifting hooks used are similar to that as in demoulding stage,
result for tensile check is similar to that in the calculation as in demoulding stage.

## According to BS8110 Part 1 Clause 3.12.8.4 Table 3.26,

Bond coefficient, = 0.40

## Design ultimate anchorage bond stress, Fbu = Fcu

= 2.00 N/mm^2

Assume 90 degree bend, min. Anchorage length either 4*(internal dia. of bend) or
actual length of bar,

## Minimum anchorage length provided, Le (assume 90 0 bend) = 250 mm

Diameter used, Dia' = 10 mm
Anchorage length required, L' = DL / [ * Dia' * Fbu]
= 86.46 mm < Le

Note: For prestressing strand the Dia' used = area of prestressing bar used.
Else for single bar, used the bar diameter

Page 10 of 16
DESIGN FOR ADEQUACY OF PROVISION OF SINGLE LIFTING HOOKS

## Precast component : Precast Non-Prestressed Planks Project : KWRC24

Component's properties

Using the most critical piece of component for design, Item code: NPS-HSB3X-R

Length, L = 2700 mm
Width, b = 1800 mm 0.34 m3
Height, h = 70 mm
Concrete area, A = 4.86 m^2
Concrete volume, V = 0.22 m^3
Concrete density, D = 24 kN/m^3

## At component's demoulding stage

Factor of safety, FS = 3
Design load, DL = W * FS = 15.84 kN
Strength during demoulding, Fcu = 10 N/mm^2

Tensile check

## No. of lifting hooks provided, n = 4

Lifting hook material = Mild Bars

When prestressing strands are used, complete section A. Else if mild steel bars are used,
complete section B. Else if tensile bars are used, complete section C.

Section A
Ultimate tensile stress, Fpu = 1860 N/mm^2
Diameter of strand, Dia = 9.53 mm
Area of prestressing strand, As = 0 mm^2
Yield strength of strand, Fy = n * Fpu * As = 0.00 kN > DL

Section B
Utilmate tensile stress, Fpu = 250 N/mm^2
Diameter of bar used, Dia = 10 mm
Area of tensile bar, As' = ( * Dia^2) / 4 = 78.54 mm^2
Yield strength of bar, Fy = n * Fpu * As = 78.54 kN > DL

Section C
Utilmate tensile stress, Fpu = 460 N/mm^2
Diameter of bar used, Dia = 0 mm
Area of tensile bar, As' = ( * Dia^2) / 4 = 0.00 mm^2
Yield strength of bar, Fy = n * Fpu * As = 0.00 kN > DL
Page 11 of 16
Anchorage length check

## According to BS8110 Part 1 Clause 3.12.8.4 Table 3.26,

Bond coefficient, = 0.4

## Design ultimate anchorage bond stress, Fbu = Fcu

= 1.26 N/mm^2

Assume 90 degree bend, min. Anchorage length either 4*(internal dia. of bend) or
actual length of bar,

## Minimum anchorage length provided, Le (assume 90 0 bend) = 300 mm

Diameter used, Dia' = 10 mm
Anchorage length required, L' = DL / [ * Dia' * Fbu]
= 398.56 mm < Le

Note: For prestressing strand the Dia' used = area of prestressing bar used.
Else for single bar, used the bar diameter

## Strength during erection stage, Fcu = 50 N/mm^2

Assuming the number of lifting hooks used are similar to that as in demoulding stage,
result for tensile check is similar to that in the calculation as in demoulding stage.

## According to BS8110 Part 1 Clause 3.12.8.4 Table 3.26,

Bond coefficient, = 0.40

## Design ultimate anchorage bond stress, Fbu = Fcu

= 2.83 N/mm^2

Assume 90 degree bend, min. Anchorage length either 4*(internal dia. of bend) or
actual length of bar,

## Minimum anchorage length provided, Le (assume 90 0 bend) = 300 mm

Diameter used, Dia' = 10 mm
Anchorage length required, L' = DL / [ * Dia' * Fbu]
= 178.24 mm < Le

Note: For prestressing strand the Dia' used = area of prestressing bar used.
Else for single bar, used the bar diameter

Page 12 of 16
DESIGN FOR ADEQUACY OF PROVISION OF SINGLE LIFTING HOOKS

## Precast component : Precast Prestressed Planks Project : Jurong West

N3C30A
Component's properties

Using the most critical piece of component for design, Item code: 1PS14d-6390

Length, L = 6390 mm
Width, b = 2400 mm
Height, h = 90 mm
Concrete area, A = 15.34 m^2
Concrete volume, V = 1.38 m^3
Concrete density, D = 25 kN/m^3

## 1) At component's demoulding stage

Factor of safety, FS = 3
Design load, DL = W * FS = 103.52 kN
Strength during demoulding, Fcu = 25 N/mm^2

a) Tensile check

## No. of lifting hooks provided, n = 4

Lifting hook material = Prestressing strands

## Ultimate tensile stress, Fpu = 1860 N/mm^2

Diameter of strand, Dia = 9.53 mm
Area of prestressing strand, As = 54.84 mm^2
Yield strength of strand, Fy = n * Fpu * As = 408.01 kN > DL (103.52 kN)

## According to BS8110 Part 1 Clause 3.12.8.4 Table 3.26,

Bond coefficient, = 0.4

## Design ultimate anchorage bond stress, Fbu = Fcu

= 2.00 N/mm^2

Page 13 of 16
JWN3C30A
Precast Prestressed Planks (1PS14d - 6390)

Assume 90 degree bend, min. Anchorage length either 4*(internal dia. of bend) or
actual length of bar,

## Minimum anchorage length provided, Le (assume 90 0 bend) = 500 mm

Diameter used, Dia' = 9.53 mm
Anchorage length required, L' of each bar = DL / [ * Dia' * Fbu]
= 216.07 mm < Le (500 mm)

## Strength during erection stage, Fcu = 40 N/mm^2

a) Assuming the number of lifting hooks used are similar to that as in demoulding stage,
result for tensile check is similar to that in the calculation as in demoulding stage.

## According to BS8110 Part 1 Clause 3.12.8.4 Table 3.26,

Bond coefficient, = 0.40

## Design ultimate anchorage bond stress, Fbu = Fcu

= 2.53 N/mm^2

Assume 90 degree bend, min. Anchorage length either 4*(internal dia. of bend) or
actual length of bar,

## Minimum anchorage length provided, Le (assume 90 0 bend) = 500 mm

Diameter used, Dia' = 9.53 mm
Anchorage length required, L' of each bar = DL / [ * Dia' * Fbu]
= 170.82 mm < Le (500mm)

Page 14 of 16
DESIGN FOR ADEQUACY OF PROVISION OF SINGLE LIFTING HOOKS

## Precast component : Precast Fin Type FN Project : SKN2C36

Component's properties

Using the most critical piece of component for design, Item code: FN 3

Length, L = 2140 mm
Width, b = 2400 mm
Height, h = 70 mm
Concrete area, A = 5.14 m^2
Concrete volume, V = 0.36 m^3
Concrete density, D = 24 kN/m^3

## At component's demoulding stage

Factor of safety, FS = 3
Design load, DL = W * FS = 25.89 kN
Strength during demoulding, Fcu = 25 N/mm^2

Tensile check

## No. of lifting hooks provided, n = 4

Lifting hook material = Prestressing strands

When prestressing strands are used, complete section A. Else if mild steel bars are used,
complete section B. Else if tensile bars are used, complete section C.

Section A
Ultimate tensile stress, Fpu = 1860 N/mm^2
Diameter of strand, Dia = 9.53 mm
Area of prestressing strand, As = 54.84 mm^2
Yield strength of strand, Fy = n * Fpu * As = 408.01 kN > DL

Section B
Utilmate tensile stress, Fpu = 250 N/mm^2
Diameter of bar used, Dia = 0 mm
Area of tensile bar, As' = ( * Dia^2) / 4 = 0.00 mm^2
Yield strength of bar, Fy = n * Fpu * As = 0.00 kN > DL

Section C
Utilmate tensile stress, Fpu = 460 N/mm^2
Diameter of bar used, Dia = 0 mm
Area of tensile bar, As' = ( * Dia^2) / 4 = 0.00 mm^2
Yield strength of bar, Fy = n * Fpu * As = 0.00 kN > DL
Page 15 of 16
Anchorage length check

## According to BS8110 Part 1 Clause 3.12.8.4 Table 3.26,

Bond coefficient, = 0.4

## Design ultimate anchorage bond stress, Fbu = Fcu

= 2.00 N/mm^2

Assume 90 degree bend, min. Anchorage length either 4*(internal dia. of bend) or
actual length of bar,

## Minimum anchorage length provided, Le (assume 90 0 bend) = 300 mm

Diameter used, Dia' = 100 mm
Anchorage length required, L' = DL / [ * Dia' * Fbu]
= 41.19 mm < Le

Note: For prestressing strand the Dia' used = area of prestressing bar used.
Else for single bar, used the bar diameter

## Strength during erection stage, Fcu = 40 N/mm^2

Assuming the number of lifting hooks used are similar to that as in demoulding stage,
result for tensile check is similar to that in the calculation as in demoulding stage.

## According to BS8110 Part 1 Clause 3.12.8.4 Table 3.26,

Bond coefficient, = 0.40

## Design ultimate anchorage bond stress, Fbu = Fcu

= 2.53 N/mm^2

Assume 90 degree bend, min. Anchorage length either 4*(internal dia. of bend) or
actual length of bar,

## Minimum anchorage length provided, Le (assume 90 0 bend) = 500 mm

Diameter used, Dia' = 100 mm
Anchorage length required, L' = DL / [ * Dia' * Fbu]
= 32.57 mm < Le

Note: For prestressing strand the Dia' used = area of prestressing bar used.
Else for single bar, used the bar diameter

Page 16 of 16