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Product Fact Sheet

PRAEPAGEN® HY

Special surfactant for the detergent industry

1. General Description CLARIANT INTERNATIONAL LTD

Rothausstrasse 61
4132 Muttenz
Chemical name Alkyl dimethyl hydroxyethyl ammonium Switzerland
chloride
BUSINESS UNIT INDUSTRIAL &
INCI name Hydroxyethyl laurdimonium chloride CONSUMER SPECIALTIES
CAS number 85736-63-6 www.ics.clariant.com
www.clariant.com

CH3
_

R - N+ - (CH2)2OH Cl-
_

CH3

R=C12/14

Storage
Praepagen HY can be stored for at least 12 months in original sealed containers
at room temperature under the recommended conditions.

Protect from exposure to cold during transport and storage. The properties of
Praepagen HY are reversibly altered by exposure to cold. If Praepagen HY
becomes turbid, thickens or freezes through exposure to cold, thaw slowly at
room temperature and afterwards stir briefly.

Physical-chemical data*
Appearance liquid
Concentration [%] approx. 40
pH value (as is) 5.5 – 8.5

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Characteristics
Praepagen HY could be classified as a typical cationic surfactant whose
solubility or hydrophilic characteris-tics are improved by the presence of a
hydroxyl group in its structure. This characteristic allow its use in typical anionic
formulations, and shows particular benefits of synergistic action on removal of
difficult stains like oily and fatty ones from fabrics or other surfaces, even after
ageing.
CLARIANT INTERNATIONAL LTD
Praepagen HY presents a synergistic effect when incorporated with anionic,
Rothausstrasse 61
amphoteric and/or non-ionic surfactants preferably in manual dishwashing 4132 Muttenz
detergents (see section 4). Switzerland

BUSINESS UNIT INDUSTRIAL &


2. Use of Praepagen HY in laundry powder detergents CONSUMER SPECIALTIES

www.ics.clariant.com
Praepagen HY is a detergency booster for use in all laundry detergent powders www.clariant.com
and liquids for clothes washing in household, industrial and institutional areas.

Praepagen HY can be added in the slurry stage or can be adsorbed in zeolite,


layered silicate or other inorganic material for post-dosage. Praepagen HY is
recommended to be used at a dosage of 0.5 – 1.5 % (active material) in the
powder detergent formulation. The washing tests were carried out with different
soils (tomato sauce, raw palm oil, curry and chocolate) and different fabrics, 100
% cotton and miscellaneous CO/PES (poplin, knitting, gabardine, sheet and
tergal).

To reproduce difficult spots, one chose those frequently found in day-to-day


soils, mainly the ones found in children’s clothes and kitchen towels. The exact
time of aging that the soil has in practice (the time the dirt remains in the fabric
until it is washed) was also simulated.

The tests were carried out in three types of washing equipment: Linitest, Jar test
modified and top loader washing machine – Brastemp.

Certain washing conditions, such as type and concentration of detergent,


washing ratio, temperature and water hardness were found to affect the washing
result.

In this work, the positive influence of Praepagen HY when added to HDP can be
easily observed. The results of spot removal were observed visually, which is
important bearing in mind that this is the evaluation parameter used by the
consumer, in final analysis when making his choice.

3. Use of Praepagen HY in hard surface cleaners

Main characteristics
Compatible in non-ionic and anionic liquid systems, even in the presence of
builders.
Can be used as detergency booster.

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Advantages
Detergency increase in presence of anionic surfactants (including LAS).
Benefits observed in low concentration.
Disadvantages
Relatively high cloud point.
Usage limited by LAS concentration (narrow compatibility range) and
electrolytes.
In association with non-ionic surfactants no significant benefits have been CLARIANT INTERNATIONAL LTD

observed. Rothausstrasse 61
4132 Muttenz
3.1 Methodology Switzerland

BUSINESS UNIT INDUSTRIAL &


3.1.1 – Test conditions CONSUMER SPECIALTIES

Detergent concentration as is www.ics.clariant.com


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Ratio detergent / soil 20 g: 1 g (approx.)
Surface white linoleum plaque
Soil quantity 0.5 g per plaque
Number of cycles 20
Washing equipment Gardner washability mashine
Measuring equipment Spectraflash 500
Data Color International
Light source D 65 Flash Xenon
Measuring geometry D/10°
Determination Reflectance (L axis)

3.1.2 L axis concept (L, a, b Solid)

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3.1.3 Test fluxogramm

Functional Chemicals Division - Detergents

Praepagen HY

Hard surface cleaning performance test (fluxogram)

Soil: Linoleum plaques


57.7 % Naphthta 60/110 (three per product)
26.1 % Canola oil
7.7 % Soya bean oil
Reflectance A
8.5 % Black carbon Soil application
(0.5g per plaque)
CLARIANT INTERNATIONAL LTD
Plaques set aside
for 24 hours
Rothausstrasse 61
Reflectance B 4132 Muttenz
Cleaning process of plaques Switzerland
5 ml of product in middle of plaque
5 ml of product in a piece of sponge Reflectance C BUSINESS UNIT INDUSTRIAL &
Clean plaque CONSUMER SPECIALTIES

Cleaning performance [%] = [(C-B]/[A-B)] x 100 www.ics.clariant.com


1 www.clariant.com

3.1.4 Pictures

4. Use of Praepagen HY in dishwashing detergents

Main characteristics

High water solubility.


Good compatibility with anionic, non-ionic and amphoteric surfactants.
High stability at low and high temperatures.
Good degreasing effect.

Advantages

Detergency increase in presence of anionic surfactants (including LAS).


High viscosity increment using small quantity of electrolyte (NaCl).
Foam improvement, sometimes with stabilization effect.

Disadvantages

Narrow compatibility range with LAS.


Can cause skin irritation when used at higher concentrations.

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5.1 Formulations

Formulations (% a.s.) 3 4
SLES 2.70 2.20
CAPB 0.64 0.64
HY 1.16 1.16
Total … 0.50 CLARIANT INTERNATIONAL LTD

4.50 4.50 Rothausstrasse 61


4132 Muttenz
Citric acid sol. 15 % pH = 6.8 pH = 6.8
Switzerland
q.s.
BUSINESS UNIT INDUSTRIAL &
% NaCl 4.54 1.12 CONSUMER SPECIALTIES
Viscosity [mPas] 650 925 www.ics.clariant.com
(Brookfield RVT, 20 www.clariant.com
rpm, 25 °C, spindle
2)
Appearance Clear clear
(Instant)
Cloud point [°C] <-2 (gel ± 10°C) <-2 (gel ± 15°C)
Stability test clear after clear after
(at 2 °C, 45 °C, 30 days 30 days
room temp.)
Skin irritability test Irritation Irritation
(rabbits)
Irritation Index Classification Index Index
0.0 – 0.99 Non-irritating (average) (average)
1.0 – 1.99 Slightly irritating 2.33 3.33
2.0 – 4.99 Moderately
irritating
5.0 – 8.0 Strongly irritating

For further formulation know-how please ask for the presentation “DOING
YOUR DISHES” from Clariant BU ICS, Industrial & Home Care.

5.2 Washing efficiency test – Miniplate test (standard soil)

Standard soil composition [% w/w]

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Fatty components Vegetable margarine 5.40
Soya oil 5.40
Butter 5.40
Starch Wheat flour 2.00
Rice stew 5.00
Bean stew 10.40
Bean broth 14.70
Protein Milk powder 8.80 CLARIANT INTERNATIONAL LTD

Tomato sauce 5.40 Rothausstrasse 61


4132 Muttenz
Water Tap water 37.50
Switzerland
Functional Chemicals Division - Detergents BUSINESS UNIT INDUSTRIAL &
Praepagen HY
CONSUMER SPECIALTIES
Ross Miles foam
Test conditions: detergent concentration = 1.0 ± 0.1%,
www.ics.clariant.com
room temperature (approx. 20°C), distilled water www.clariant.com

135
2.70% a.s. SLES + 1.16% a.s. SAS
130
+ 0.64% a.s. CAPB
128

130
2.20% a.m. SLES + 1.16% SAS
+ 0.64% a.s. CAPB + 0.50% a.m. HY 130
130

2.20% a.m. SLES + 1.16% SAS 125


+ 0.64% a.s. CAPB + 0.50% a.m. CTAC 125

122

2.20% a.m. SLES + 1.16% SAS 128 instant


+ 0.64% a.s. CAPB + 0.50% a.m. C 070 after 1 min
128
after 3 min
123

100 110 120 130 140


Foam height [mm]
6

5.3 Washing efficiency test – Miniplate test (fatty soil)

Fatty soil composition [% w/w]

Fatty components Hydrogenated 4.125


vegetable fat
Butter 4.12
Whipping cream 4.12
Pig fat 4.12
Vegetable margarine 4.12
Soya oil 12.375
Starch Wheat flour 17.000
Protein Milk powder 5.000
Water Tap water 45.000
Dye q.s.

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Functional Chemicals Division - Detergents
Praepagen HY

Cleansing efficiency test - Miniplate test (fatty soil)


Test conditions: detergent concentration = 5 g/l, room temperature (approx. 20°C),
fatty soil = 1.0 ± 0.1 g / plate, distilled water

4.89% a.s. SLES + 3.69% a.s. SAS


+ 1.42% a.s. CAPB 20

4.89% a.s. SLES + 3.69% a.s. SAS


+ 1.42% a.s. CAPB + 0.5% a.s. HY 22
CLARIANT INTERNATIONAL LTD

4.89% a.s. SLES + 2.58% a.s. SAS Rothausstrasse 61


+ 1.42% a.s. CAPB + 1.11% a.s. HY 24
4132 Muttenz
0 5 10 15 20 25
Switzerland
Number of plates
4 BUSINESS UNIT INDUSTRIAL &
CONSUMER SPECIALTIES

www.ics.clariant.com
Storage www.clariant.com
Praepagen HY can be stored for at least 2 years in original sealed containers at
room temperature under the recommended conditions. Protect from exposure to
cold during transport and storage. The properties of Praepagen HY are reversibly
altered by exposure to cold. If Praepagen HY becomes turbid, thickens or freezes
through exposure to cold, thaw slowly at room temperature and afterwards stir
briefly

This information corresponds to the present state of our knowledge For sales to customers located within the United States and Canada
and is intended as a general description of our products and their the following applies in addition:
possible applications. Clariant makes no warranties, express or NO EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTY IS MADE OF THE
implied, as to the information’s accuracy, adequacy, sufficiency or MERCHANTABILITY, SUITABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
freedom from defect and assumes no liability in connection with any PURPOSE OR OTHERWISE OF ANY PRODUCT OR SERVICE.
use of this information. Any user of this product is responsible for
determining the suitability of Clariant’s products for its particula
application. * Nothing included in this information waives any of ® Trademark of Clariant registered in many countries
Clariant’s General Terms and Conditions of Sale, which control © 2012 Clariant International Ltd
unless it agrees otherwise in writing. Any existing
intellectual/industrial property rights must be observed. Due to
possible changes in our products and applicable national and
international regulations and laws, the status of our products could
change. Material Safety Data Sheets providing safety precautions,
that should be observed when handling or storing Clariant products,
are available upon request and are provided in compliance with
applicable law. You should obtain and review the applicable Material
Safety Data Sheet information before handling any of these products.
For additional information, please contact Clariant.

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