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I.

OBJECTIVES
*Power Supply
 To be able to design a Power Supply
 To be able to develop a Power Supply that is compatible to our Power
Amplifier
*Amplifier
 To be able to design a Power amplifier
 To be able to create a Power amplifier that will increase the value of
voltage, current or even the power of our circuit

*Tone Control
 To be able to design a Tone Control
 To be able to integrate a tone control to the amplifier

II. PROJECT OVERVIEW

A. Block Diagram

INPUT AMPLIFIER TONE SPEAKERS


SIGNAL CONTROL

INPUT
POWER
SUPPLY

B. Functional Description

B.1. Input Signal


Without input signal, there will be no output signal or audio signal
that is to be produced. This signal will come from an outside source like a
phone that will be connected to the circuit using an audio jack.

B.2. Input Power Supply


Input power supply converts electric current from a source to the
correct voltage, current and frequency to power the load. In our circuit, the
220-V AC from the outlet will be converted to a 12-V AC usable by the
amplifier as designed using the transformer incorporated in the power
supply.
B.3. Amplifier
An amplifier is an electronic device that increases the voltage, or
the current, or the power of the signal depending on the reference
electronic device. It is used in wireless communications and broadcasting
and in audio equipment of all kinds. They can be categorized either weak-
signal amplifiers or power amplifiers. A power amplifier is an electronic
amplifier designed to increase the magnitude of power of a given input
signal. The power of the input signal is increased to a level high enough to
drive loads of output devices like speakers, headphones, RF transmitters
etc. Unlike voltage/current amplifiers, a power amplifier is designed to
drive loads directly and is used as a final block in an amplifier chain. Since
our project is a tone control circuit, audio amplifier is use. This type of
power amplifiers are used for increasing the magnitude of power of a
weaker audio Signal. The amplifiers used in speaker driving circuitries of
televisions, mobile phones etc. come under this category. The output of an
audio power amplifier ranges from a few milliwatts (like in headphone
amplifiers) to thousands of watts (like power amplifiers in Hi-Fi/Home
theatre systems).

B.4. Tone Control


One of the type of equalization is the tone control. Tone Control is
used to make specific pitches or frequencies in an audio signal whether
softer or louder. Bass, treble and volume control. It allows us, listeners to
adjust the pitch of the sound produced by an audio system like radio or
cellphone. A tone control circuit is an electronic circuit consisting of a
network of filters which modify the signal before it is fed to speakers and
headphones or recording devices by way of an amplifier.
We can find tone controls in any and many devices that we are using
every single day. This devices includes radios, computers, portable music
player, portable DVD player, musical instrument amplifiers and
cellphones.
In our circuit, the tone control serves as an equalizer that will
manipulate the amplified sound as preferred by the listener. The pitch,
frequency and volume of the audio signal can be adjusted using the tone
control.

B.5. Speakers
In our project, speaker is the device that enables us to know if our
project is functioning or not. It is one of the most common output devices
used with computer devices. Speakers are transducers that convert
electromagnetic waves into sound waves. The speakers receive audio
input from a device. This input may be in the form of Analog or Digital.
Analog speakers simply amplify the analog electromagnetic waves into
sound waves. Since sound waves are produced in analog form, digital
speakers must first convert the digital input to an analog signal, then
generate the sound waves.
If the speaker emits a sound louder than the sound emitted by our
input signal source, it means that the circuit of our amplifier is functioning
successfully.

III. PROJECT DETAILS


*POWER SUPPLY
A. Circuit Diagram

B. Foil Pattern
C. Parts Placement

D. Actual Pictures
*AMPLIFIER
A. Circuit Diagram

B. Foil Pattern
C. Parts Placement
D. Actual Pictures
*TONE CONTROL
A. Circuit Diagram

B. Foil Pattern
C. Parts Placement
D. Actual Pictures
IV. BILL OF MATERIALS

*POWER SUPPLY
Quantity Description Unit Price Total Price (Php)
1 PCB WITH DEVELOPER 165 165
1 FERRIC CHLORIDE 40 40
1 VOLTAGE REGULATOR 30 30
4 IN4001 DIODE 2 8
1 1000uF CAPACITOR 12 12
1 1uF CAPACITOR 3 3
1 TRANSFORMER 195 195
2 PIN HEADER 1 2
TOTAL EXPENSES 455

*AMPLIFIER
Quantity Description Unit Price Total Price (Php)
3 POTENTIOMETER 25 75
1 U1 TDA7279 IC 280 280
1 2200uF 8 8
2 1uF/50V CAPACITOR 3 6
1 10uF/25V CAPACITOR 3 3
2 47kΩ 1 2
1 2A104J CAPACITOR 6 6
6 PIN HEADER 1 6
TOTAL EXPENSES 386
*TONE CONTROL
Quantity Description Unit Price Total Price (Php)
1 20mF CAPACITOR 4 4
2 39K RESISTOR 1 2
2 4.7nF CAPACITOR 3 6
1 1Mohms RESISTOR 1 1
1 10kohms RESISTOR 1 1
1 2nF CAPACITOR 3 3
1 Lm741 50 50
1 250kohms RESISTOR 1 1
1 100kohms RESISTOR 1 1
1 20mF CAPACITOR 4 4
2 100kohms RESISTOR 1 2
1 600ohms RESISTOR 1 1
1 100nF CAPACITOR 5 5
1 10mF CAPACITOR 3 3
TOTAL EXPENSES 249
I. DESIGN PROCEDURE

A. Project Requirements

The requirement of this project is to design and to make a power supply


that can supply the power amplifier voltage up 12 volts. Also, we would be able
to produce an audio output that is to be heard in the speaker.

B. Initial Design

The initial circuit design of our power supply is composed of a diode


bridge, an arrangement of four diodes in a bridge circuit configuration that
provides the same polarity of output for either polarity of input, a transformer,
two capacitors (1000uF and 1uF) parallel with each other and a voltage
regulator.
Under amplifier, it is composed of Integrated Circuit, a diode, 3
potentiometer one for the bass, one for the treble and one for the volume, 6
capacitors with different values and two resistor with the same value. For the
tone control, it is composed of 3 potentiometer, 3 capacitors and 3 resistors.

C. Troubleshooting and Adjustments

After testing it in the breadboard, assembling and soldering in the PCB,


we tested our power supply and it successfully produced a measurement of
almost 12 volts.
For our tone control with amplifier; before we printed the layout on the
acetate, we checked all the measurements of the pinholes and their distances
with each other to make sure the component pins are compatible with the
layout pinholes.

D. Final Outcome
Every component was soldered in the PCB and the power supply
successfully produced an output power of 12 volts. As for tone control and
amplifier we also soldered every component in the PCB.
II. RECOMMENDATIONS

The circuit that we chose has a lot of components especially capacitor and
next is the resistor. The integrated circuit that was used in our circuit is MB3730
wherein this type of IC is almost obsolete so we have to test it on the breadboard
plenty of times to ensure the functionality and the correct connection of all the
components.
With this, our group recommend that it is better to design a simpler circuit
with fewer components to avoid misconnections of the components and the cost of
the project will be lessened. With a simpler circuit, much time will be conserved in
finding the components in one electronic to the other and especially in testing.
We also recommend to check first the availability of the IC. (In our case, we
submitted immediately the circuit diagram/ circuit design without checking if the IC
that we needed is available which is a big mistake in our part.).Our overall
recommendation is that check first the circuit and see if there are a lot of reviews
and comments that it is working or not so that you will not waste money, effort and
especially time because we change our circuit in the very last minute.