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Aircraft :-

An aircraft is a machine that is able to fly by gaining support from the air. It counters the
force of gravity by using either static lift or by using the dynamic lift of an airfoil, or in a
few cases the downward thrust from jet engines. Common examples of aircraft
include airplanes, helicopters, airships, gliders, paramotors and hot air balloons.

Types of aircraft :-
Aircraft are produced in several different types optimized for various uses; military
aircraft, which includes not just combat types but many types of supporting aircraft,
and civil aircraft, which include all non-military types, experimental and model.
 Military :-
A military aircraft is any aircraft that is operated by a legal or insurrectionary
armed service of any type. Military aircraft can be either combat or non-combat:

1. Combat aircraft are aircraft designed to destroy enemy equipment using its
own armament. Combat aircraft divide broadly into fighters and bombers.

2. Non-combat aircraft are not designed for combat as their primary function, but
may carry weapons for self-defense. Non-combat roles include search and
rescue, reconnaissance, observation, transport, training, and aerial refueling.

 Civil :-
Civil aircraft divide into commercial and general types, however there are some
overlaps.

Commercial aircraft include types designed for scheduled and charter airline
flights, carrying passengers, mail and other cargo. The larger passenger-carrying
types are the airliners, the largest of which are wide-body aircraft. Some of the
smaller types are also used in general aviation, and some of the larger types are
used as VIP aircraft.

General aviation is a catch-all covering other kinds of private (where the pilot is
not paid for time or expenses) and commercial use, and involving a wide range of
aircraft types such as business jets
(bizjets), trainers, homebuilt, gliders, warbirds and hot air balloons to name a few.
The vast majority of aircraft today are general aviation types.
 Experimental :-
An experimental aircraft is one that has not been fully proven in flight, or that
carries an FAA Special Airworthiness Certificate called an Experimental
Certificate. Often, this implies that the aircraft is testing new aerospace
technologies, though the term also refers to amateur and kit-built aircraft, many
of which are based on proven designs.

 Model :-
A model aircraft is a small unmanned type made to fly for fun, for static display,
for aerodynamic research or for other purposes. A scale model is a replica of
some larger design.