You are on page 1of 9

(~patent/CN201682346U)

Back to results
~patent/CN201682346U;
Double flowing ring sealing oil system of hydrogen cooling turbogenerator
Abstract
The utility model relates to a double flowing ring sealing oil system of a hydrogen cooling
turbogenerator, comprising a hydrogen side sealing oil path and an air side sealing oil path,
wherein a difference pressure valve is connected on an oil path between an oil filter on the
hydrogen side sealing oil path and a sealing tile; an oil supplying pipeline is branched on the air
side sealing oil path, is connected with a throttling orifice and a hydrogen side oil tank oil
supplying valve in series and in sequence and then is communicated with the hydrogen side oil
return tank; and the oil supplying pipeline between the throttling orifice and the hydrogen side oil
tank oil supplying valve is provided with a vacuum oil purifier in parallel. The double flowing ring
sealing oil system can greatly reduce intake amount of gas and water which are dissolved in oil
and enter the generator, thus ensuring the long-term operation of the generator under the state
with very high hydrogen purity.
CN201682346U
China

Download PDF Find Prior Art Similar


Other languages Chinese Inventor 王彦军
Worldwide applications
2010 CN
Application CN201020202358XU events
2010-05-25
Application filed by 王彦军
2010-05-25
Priority to CN201020202358XU
2010-12-22
Application granted
2010-12-22
Publication of CN201682346U
Info Cited by (6) Legal events Similar documents Priority and Related Applications External links
EspacenetGlobal DossierDiscuss
Description
translated from Chinese
For Turbogenerator double ring seal oil system

[0001] Technical Field:


[0002] The present invention relates to a sealing oil system, in particular a hydrogen-cooled
Turbogenerator double ring seal oil system.

Background technique

[0003] At present, most domestic 300MW, 600MW hydrogen-cooled generator uses a double
ring seal oil system, using a double ring seal oil system common unit run fast drop of hydrogen
purity, purified hydrogen amount and operating parameters can only maintain the hydrogen
purity problems running under low state, had frequent rows using hydrogen - hydrogen mode
supplement to improve the purity of the hydrogen gas to run generators, which not only waste a
lot of manpower, material resources, but also seriously affect the safety of the crew and
economy, and therefore double ring seal oil system should be further improved.

[0004] The seal oil system principle:

[0005] The hydrogen-cooled generator, the generator in order to prevent internal leakage of
hydrogen through the gap between the rotor and the end cap at the outside, a special sealing
means is provided at the generator end cap; currently mostly used double ring seal oil system,
this system consists of two air-side oil and the hydrogen side oil supply system is relatively
independent of composition, the hydrogen side and air-side oil two principle shown in FIG. 1, is
supplied on two annular shaft seal with each tile tank, forming two sealing rings to prevent
escape of oil inside the hydrogen generator, and then the oil through the gap between the seal
and the inner diameter W flowing axially along the rotor shaft. If the hydraulic oil in both the oil
passages exactly equal the sealing shoe, the oil will not flow in the gap between the channeling
with the two oil sump; usually just above the inner seal machine oil kept the gas pressure, it
hydrogen is prevented from escaping from the generator. Hydrogen-side oil passage will be
supplied along the gap between the shaft and the seal to the hydrogen side of the tile and into
the defoaming tank. And the oil passage will be supplied along the side of the air gap between
the shaft and the sealing shoe to the air flow back to the tank side of the air side.

[0006] The function of the seal oil system and characteristics:

[0007] (a), to provide two separate loop seal watts seal oil source, the pressure within the
generator to prevent gas leakage along the shaft.

[0008] (b), to ensure the hydraulic seal oil is always higher than the gas pressure inside the
machine 0.084Mpa, and to ensure that the hydrogen side seal tile empty Viterbi equal hydraulic
pressure, which pressure difference is defined within an allowable range.

[0009] (C) cooled by the cooler seal oil to remove heat losses due to friction between the shoe
and the shaft seal is generated, and oil temperature control to ensure that tile within a desired
range.
[0010] (d) through the oil filter, the oil removing impurities, to ensure the cleanliness of the seal
oil.

[0011] The air side seal oil path:

[0012] The AC motor drive from the air side seal oil pump, air from the back side of the tank to
obtain the oil source, which part of the pump into the oil cooler, the oil filter side air seal tile, the
other part of the oil flow through the primary differential pressure valve into the oil to the oil
pump side. By adjusting the main pressure valve of the air side seal oil hydraulic pressure at the
sealing shoe is always maintained at a level higher than the inner pressure of the gas generator
of 0. 084Mpa. Further air side DC backup pump cycle in the same manner.

[0013] The hydrogen side seal oil path:

[0014] The hydrogen side seal oil path from the oil pump back to the tank side of the hydrogen
source to obtain an oil, which part of the oil through the oil cooler, an oil filter, to balance valve
seal watts hydrogen pump side. Beside the pump with bypass conduit, rough adjustment of the
hydrogen-side hydraulic pressure through the bypass valve. Hydrogen-side passage is
performed by balancing the hydraulic pressure fine tuning, and automatic tracking of hydraulic
pressure air, in order to achieve substantially the same level. Further hydrogen-side DC pump is
connected in parallel AC pump, a DC-side of the hydrogen pump cycle in the same manner.

[0015] The low hydrogen purity hazards:

[0016] (1), if the hydrogen purity decreases to within the range of explosive (4% --74%), under
certain conditions hydrogen gas may cause an explosion within the generator; Hydrogen Purity
failure also cause reduction in the cooling efficiency, caused by local overheating of the
machine member; harmful gases will cause insulation aging, corrosion and metal core member.

[0017] (2), if the drop of hydrogen purity, the gas density increases, which increases ventilation
losses of the generator, reduces the operating efficiency of the generator (generally 1 percent
reduction in hydrogen purity, ventilation loss of the generator increases from about 11%); at the
same time in order to improve the purity of the hydrogen generator, a hydrogen discharge had
up hydrogen to increase the amount of purified hydrogen, affecting the operating economy of
generators, power plants to cause large economic losses;

[0018] Analysis drop of hydrogen purity reasons:

[0019] Since the balancing valve is in the form of mechanical adjustment, in operation, a small
gap between the balancing piston and the cylinder, only 0. 03mm, the impurities may cause a
slight movement of the piston resistance increases, even stuck, resulting in adjustment of the
throttle deterioration in accuracy, can not be effectively maintained empty, the equilibrium
hydrogen side seal oil pressure causes air, the hydrogen side seal oil channeling oil increases,
the hydrogen purity of generator drop;

[0020] The air side seal oil and the hydrogen side seal oil pressure imbalance inevitably lead to
air-side oil with hydrogen in the presence of an oil-side oil channeling between them, which two
switching point back to the tank side of the sealing shoe and hydrogen exchange as follows:
when the air side seal oil pressure above the hydrogen side seal oil pressure, air side seal oil to
the hydrogen side of the sealing shoe channeling oil, gas such as air and moisture contained in
the air side seal oil into the generator will eliminate inside the bubble, the expansion of the
defoaming tank and escape into the reduced purity hydrogen generator, since the air-side oil
side oil Cuanxiang hydrogen, so hydrogen-side return oil tank will be raised to open the drain
valve, hydrogen-side oil discharge side of the pump to the air inlet; when the hydrogen side seal
oil pressure is higher than the air side seal oil pressure, the hydrogen side seal oil darted at the
airside of the sealing shoe, which causes hydrogen-side oil level drops back to the tank, after
the hydrogen side of the oil back to the tank fill valve automatically opens up the oil, air and
water containing air side seal oil into the hydrogen-side back to the tank, the hydrogen side seal
oil pump booster into tiles, and then defoamed generator expansion tank escape into the
reduced purity hydrogen generator. Thus, regardless of the air side seal oil pressure is higher
than the hydrogen side seal oil pressure, or a pressure above the hydrogen side seal oil air side
seal oil pressure, will result in channeling each air side seal oil and the hydrogen side seal oil to
make air side seal oil channeling al hydrogen side seal oil and the air containing the moisture
and reduce the purity of the hydrogen inside the generator.

SUMMARY

[0021] The object of the present invention to overcome the deficiencies of the prior art, to
provide a reducing gas dissolved in oil, the amount of moisture from entering into the generator,
the generator in ensuring a very high state of purity hydrogen for Turbogenerator double ring
seal oil system in the long run.

[0022] To achieve the above object, the present invention adopts the following technical
scheme:

[0023] A hydrogen cooled turbogenerator double ring seal oil system, including the hydrogen
side seal oil and the air side seal oil, the hydrogen side seal oil path between the oil filter and
the oil passage is connected to the sealing shoe difference pressure valve; branched oil
passage in the air side seal oil line a fill, fill pipe of sequentially connected in series and the
hydrogen side of the rear orifice tank back up valve in communication with the hydrogen tank
side, with the orifice hydrogen-side oil tank fill valve fill pipe of a vacuum between the parallel oil
purifier.

[0024] The oil purifier comprising a vacuum inlet line, vacuum tank, an oil line and a gas conduit,
the inlet pipe of sequentially connected into the oil shut-off valve, the solenoid valve into the oil,
the electric heater from the vacuum tank a lower portion extending into the inner side, and then
turn the in-line vacuum tank and vacuum tank float valve, rotary atomization nozzles in series,
the vacuum tank atomizing nozzle is provided with a lower plate rain; lead bottom of the vacuum
tank there the oil line, a pipe of sequentially connected with a feed pump, oil filter, the check
valve and the valve is turned off after the oil and oil line up; spill valve connected between the
supply pump and the vacuum tank outlet; upper vacuum tank side photoelectric switches are
mounted and the intake solenoid valve, the vacuum level switch is provided on one side of the
tank; vacuum solenoid vacuum drawn at the top of the tank with an air line, the air line are
sequentially connected in series with a condenser, and a vacuum pump equipped with a drain
valve at the bottom of the condenser.

[0025] The present invention uses the differential pressure valve to balance valve, the
differential pressure valve to adjust the hydraulic pressure of the hydrogen side oil pressure is
always higher than a slight air pressure difference value, so that the hydrogen side oil seal watts
airside Cuanxiang , eliminate the possibility of air-side air dissolved in the oil, the water enters
the generator; Further, since the air side of the hydrogen side oil Cuanxiang cause
hydrogen-side return oil tank decreases, up valve opened to empty the hydrogen side oil always
side up the oil back to the tank, and then the fill pipe of a vacuum oil purifier (and then take the
way of the reason is that when the oil purifier out of operation, the generator can maintain
operation without downtime), in advance of the fill the hydrogen tank side return oil side space
vacuum purge to remove the oil gas, water, through the above improvements can greatly
reduce the gas dissolved in the oil, the amount of water enters into the generator, the generator
in order to ensure a high under the long-running state of purity hydrogen.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0026] BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of the prior art;

[0027] FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of the structure of the present invention;

[0028] FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram of the structure of a vacuum oil purifier;

[0029] 1. wherein the orifice, 2 into the oil stop valve, 3. Inlet solenoid valve, 4 electric heater, 5
vacuum tank float valve 6. The rotary atomizing nozzle 7. Rain disc, 8. the fuel-feed pump 9. oil
strainer, 10 check valve, 11 an oil shut-off valve, 12 vacuum tank 13 condenser 14 vacuum
solenoid valve, 15 a vacuum pump 16 overflow valve, 17. the oil line up, 18 of hydrogen side oil
tank fill valve 19 back to the hydrogen tank side, 20. airside supply line, 21 level switch 22
in-line, 23 of the oil line, 24 . outlet pipe, 25 discharge valve, 26. photoelectric switch, 27 an
intake valve, 28 rotor, 29 seal watts, 30. defoaming tank, the oil pump 31. The hydrogen-side
AC, 32 pump the hydrogen side DC , 33. The hydrogen-side bypass valve 34 of the hydrogen
side of the oil cooler 35. hydrogen-side oil filter 36. The pressure valve 37. airside to tank 38.
airside AC pump, 39 air-side DC an oil pump, 40 main pressure valve, 41. The air-side oil cooler
42. airside oil filter 43 the high-pressure backup source of oil, 44 low pressure standby oil
source, 45. standby pressure valve, 46 hydrogen-side tank drain valve, 47 vacuum oil purifier
48. balancing valve.

Detailed ways

[0030] Next, the present invention is further illustrated in conjunction with the accompanying
drawings and embodiments:

[0031] FIG. 2 and FIG. A hydrogen cooled turbogenerator double ring seal oil system 3,
comprising a hydrogen side seal oil and the air side seal oil, the hydrogen side seal oil path oil
filter 35 in the hydrogen-side after the air side seal oil passage branches off oil line 17 a
complement, the complement oil line 1 and the orifice connected in series sequentially hydrogen
tank side 18 make up valve 17; 29 and the oil path between the differential pressure valve 36
connected to the sealing shoe with the hydrogen-side return oil tank 19, the orifice 1 and the
hydrogen tank side oil line fill up the oil 18 between the valve 17 in parallel with a vacuum oil
purifier 47, and 22, and net vacuum vacuum oil purifier inlet line 47 an oil machine oil line 47 is
connected to the hydrogen side 23 are the oil tank fill valve 18 and an oil line up close to the
orifice 17.

[0032] Oil Purifier Vacuum 47 on inlet line 22 connected in series successively into the oil stop
valve 2, the oil feed solenoid valve 3, the electric heater 4 from the lower side 12 projecting into
the vacuum tank, in turn connected in series and a vacuum tank float ball valve 5, the rotary
atomizing nozzle 6, the vacuum tank 12 equipped with rain disc 7; purification device 23 from an
oil line 12 leads lower vacuum tank, in turn connected in series with a supply pump 8, an oil filter
9, check valve 10 , the oil shut-off valve 11, and then turned up oil line 17; the connection
between the supply pump 12 and the vacuum tank outlet 8 spill valve 16; the upper side of the
vacuum tank 12 mounted with the photoelectric switches 26 and the intake solenoid valve 27,
the vacuum tank 12-- level switch 21 is provided on the side of the vacuum tank outlet line 12
from the upper portion 24 of the vacuum tank 12 leads, in turn connected in series with a
condenser 13, the vacuum solenoid valve 14, the vacuum pump 15, the condenser 13 25 with
bottom drain valve.

Its working principle [0033] Vacuum Oil Purifier 47 is:

[0034] The air supply line side orifice 17 on the empty side of the oil flows through the oil line 20
is the complement to 1, due to the suction action of the vacuum pump 15, the air-side oil first
enters the inlet pipe 47 Oil Purifier Vacuum the passage 22, flows through a shut-off valve 2 into
the oil, the oil feed solenoid valve 3, an electric heater 4, the float valve vacuum tank 5, and
then rotating atomizing spray nozzle 6, so that the vacuum state inside the vacuum acting in the
tank 12 the oil gas and water are extrusion, to achieve the purpose of purification, rain disc 7
may increase the area of ​degassing the oil, so that oil is further purified.
[0035] The oil coming out of the gas (vapor) passes through the body of the condenser 13, the
vacuum solenoid valve 14, the pump 15 is discharged; the condensed liquid stream to the
bottom of the dirty condenser 13, is discharged through the drain valve 25, the oil will produce a
large number of bubbles under vacuum, when the bubble in the vacuum tank 12 height than the
photoelectric switch mounting height 26, the photoelectric switch 26 controls the intake solenoid
valve 27 is opened, so that a small portion of air into the 12 vacuum tank, eliminating bubbles in
the vacuum tank 12, the vacuum pump 15 to prevent the fluid being discharged.

[0036] The purified oil pump 8 is fed out, sequentially through the oil filter 9, check valve 10, the
oil shut-off valve 11, oil line 17 and then flows up, since the flow rate of the supply pump outlet 8
is designed is greater than the hydrogen-side back to the tank fuel required to fill 19, flowing into
the oil line 17 make the purified fluid back to the tank 19 through a portion of the hydrogen tank
side up valve 18 into the hydrogen-side up, and the other part through the throttle air-side oil fill
hole merges into a vacuum tank 1 again subjected to vacuum purification 12; This ensures that
the oil in the patch 19 into the hydrogen-side back to the tank is degassed (steam) after the
clean oil, thus ensuring generation machine hydrogen purity can be maintained long-term
operation at high state, improve the safety and economy of the generator is running.

[0037] 1 can be reduced orifice passage flow area fill tubing 17 and prevent fluid mixture inflow
has been purified air side supply line 20, and reduce the efficiency of the purification device.

[0038] Oil Purifier Vacuum 47 when put into operation, if the oil level in the vacuum tank 12 is
too high, then the level switch 21 is operated to vacuum oil purifier off outage 47, vacuum
solenoid valve 14 and the oil inlet solenoid valve 3 are closed, prevents leakage of oil, the check
valve 10 prevents oil from flowing backward into the vacuum tank 12, a relief valve 16 acts to
protect the supply pump 8, preventing the pump overpressure operation; when the vacuum oil
purifier 47 outage due to some reason, the side air-side air supply line 20 also directly in the oil
through the orifice 1, a hydrogen tank side of the valve 18 make up the oil back to the tank 19
into the hydrogen-side, continue to operate the generator , and will not cause downtime.

[0039] Hydrogen partial side air cooled generator seal oil system and a double ring two
hydrogen side oil passage, oil is supplied respectively two annular sealing shoe on with the oil
groove 29 is formed and the air side seal oil hydrogen-side two ring to prevent the escape of the
hydrogen generator, the oil axially through the gap 28 between the seal and the inner diameter
of the rotor 29 watts outflow.

[0040] The air side seal oil path:

[0041] 38 back to the blank side AC pump 37 from the tank-side air source to obtain an oil,
which pumps it into the empty part of the oil cooler 41 side, air side seal oil filter injection side 29
of the blank tile 42, the other part of the oil differential pressure valve through the main flow into
the oil pump 40 side. The differential pressure valve 40 through the main air side seal oil
pressure at the oil seal 29 is always held on the shoe above the level of the gas pressure within
the generator of 0.084Mpa. Further air pump 39 side of the DC loop in the same manner. 43
and the low pressure oil source 44 alternate, alternate high pressure oil source 43 and the low
pressure oil source 44 is connected to spare the oil passage in the air pump 38 is connected to
the AC side in parallel with the oil path between the oil cooler 41 air-side high-pressure backup
source oil pressure valve 45 is provided at the standby.

[0042] The hydrogen side seal oil path:

[0043] The hydrogen side seal oil path back to the tank from the oil pump 19 to obtain the
hydrogen side oil supply, which the side portion of the oil through the oil cooler 34 of hydrogen,
the hydrogen side of the oil filter 35, the differential pressure valve 36 to the pump seal watts
hydrogen-side 29. Beside the pump with bypass conduit, coarse adjustment valve 33 through
the hydraulic pressure hydrogen-side bypass hydrogen thereon. The hydrogen-side oil passage
of the hydraulic pressure to fine tune the differential pressure valve 36, and hydraulic pressure
of the automatic tracking air, hydraulic pressure is always higher than the hydrogen side oil
pressure at a slight air pressure difference value. Further both ends of the hydrogen pump 32 in
parallel to the DC side of the AC side of the hydrogen pump 31, the oil pump 32 so that the
hydrogen side of the DC loop in the same manner. Hydrogen-side back to the tank bottom 19 is
provided with a hydrogen tank side drain valve 46, is connected to the hydrogen tank side drain
valve 46 communicate through the oil passage 38 and the oil pump inlet side air passage, but a
hydrogen-side return oil tank 19 is too high, hydrogen side tank drain valve 46 is opened
automatically, to discharge the oil to the air inlet of the oil pump 38 side AC.

[0044] The present invention uses the differential pressure valve 36 balancing valve 48 to adjust
the differential pressure valve 36 is always higher than the hydraulic pressure of the hydrogen
side oil pressure at a slight air pressure difference value, so that the oil in the hydrogen-side
seal 29 watts cuanxiang air side, air side to eliminate the possibility of air dissolved in the oil, the
water enters the generator; air and water to avoid the air side seal oil contained in the sealing
shoe 29 channeling oil to the hydrogen side and air side seal oil the inner parts of the generator
and other gases into the defoaming tank 30, the expansion in the defoaming tank 30 decreases
Yi purity hydrogen into the generator. Further, since the hydrogen side oil Cuanxiang cause
hydrogen-side air-side oil back to the tank 19 decreases, the hydrogen side of the oil tank fill
valve 18 is opened and the air side oil back to the tank 19 is always up to the hydrogen side of
the oil in the oil line 17 and complement then a vacuum oil purifier 47 (and then to take the way
because, when the vacuum oil purifier 47 out of operation, the generator may also maintain run,
will not stop), the hydrogen-side up in advance of the back side of the tank 19 is empty vacuum
purge oil, remove the oil gas, water, through the above improvements can greatly reduce the
gas dissolved in the oil, the amount of water enters into the generator, the generator so as to
ensure long-term operation at a high state of purity hydrogen .

Claims (2)
Hide Dependent
translated from Chinese
One of a hydrogen cooled turbogenerator double ring seal oil system, including the hydrogen
side seal oil and the air side seal oil passage, wherein: the oil passage connected between a
hydrogen side seal oil passage and the oil filter sealing shoe differential pressure valve; points
air side seal oil passage spending a fill pipe road, connected in series sequentially fill pipe of the
orifice and after the hydrogen tank side return back up valve in communication with the
hydrogen tank side, with the orifice hydrogen-side return tank between the fill pipe of a vacuum
suction valves parallel oil purifier.
The hydrogen-cooled Turbogenerator double ring seal oil system according to claim 1, wherein:
said vacuum oil purifier comprising inlet line, vacuum tank, an oil line and a gas line, the feed
the intake pipe of the oil shut-off valve are sequentially connected in series, the solenoid valve
into the oil, which projects into the electric heater from the lower side of the vacuum tank, and
then turn the in-line vacuum tank and vacuum tank float valve, rotary atomizing a nozzle
connected in series, the lower portion of the vacuum tank is provided with an atomizing nozzle
plate rain; bottom of the vacuum tank oil line is drawn out, the pipe of sequentially connected
with a feed pump, oil filter, the check valve and the oil shut-off valve and turned up oil line; spill
valve connected between the supply pump and the vacuum tank outlet; upper vacuum tank side
mounted photoelectric switch respectively and the intake solenoid valve, the vacuum level
switch is provided on one side of the tank; vacuo top oil outlet line is drawn, the air line are
sequentially connected in series with a condenser, a vacuum pump and a solenoid valve,
provided with drain valve at the bottom of the condenser.