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D.A.V. C.

PUBLIC SCHOOL
NARELA , DELHI
HOLIDAYS HOMEWORK
CLASS -X
MATHEMATICS
1. Revise chapters POLYNOMIALS ,LINEAR EQUATIONS IN TWO VARIABLES,QUADRATIC
EQUATIONS and INTRODUCTION TO TRIGONOMETRY .
2. Do 20 questions each from these chapters other than NCERT BOOK .
3. Learn tables upto 25 .
4. PROJECT WORK.
(a) ACTIVITY to obtain consistency of the system of LINEAR EQUATIONS in two variables by
graphical method .
(b) ACTIVITY to draw graph of quadratic polynomial.
(c) Hands on activity to find T-ratios of specific angles.
5. Do these assignments.

ASSIGNMENT 1
QUADRATIC EQUATIONS
1. Find the value of k for which x = a is solution of 𝑥 2 - (a + b) + k = 0
2. Find the roots of 4𝑥 2 + 3x + 5 = 0 by the method of completing square.
3. Solve the following equations:
1
(a) x - = 3, x ≠ 0
𝑥
1 1 11
(b) - = , x ≠ -4 ,7
𝑥+4 𝑥−7 30
1 1 1 1
(c) = + + , x ≠ 0, -(a+b )
𝑎+𝑏+𝑥 𝑎 𝑏 𝑥

(d) 10 a𝑥 2 - 6x + 15 ax - 9 = 0
4. Comment on nature of roots of the following
4 𝑥2 + 7 x + 2 = 0
2𝑥 2 - 3 x + 5 = 0
2𝑥 2 - 5 x -3 = 0
5. Divide 51 into two parts whose product is 378.
122
6. The sum of a number and its reciprocal is .Find the number.
11

7. A two digit number is four times the sum and three times the product of its
digits. Find the number.
8. The sum of the ages of a father and his son is 45 years.Five years ago,the product of their ages
was 124.Find their present ages.
9. A train covers a distance of 90 km at a uniform speed. Had the speed been 15 km/hr more it
would have taken 30 min less for the journey.Find the original speed of the train.
10. Find p for which equation px(x -2) + 6 = 0 has two equal roots ?
𝑥+1 𝑥−1 5
11. Solve - = ; x ≠ 1,-1.
𝑥−1 𝑥+1 6

12. The quadratic equation, whose roots are 2 + √3, 2 – √3 , will be _____
a) 𝑥 2 + 4x + 1 = 0
(b) 𝑥 2 – 4x + 1 = 0
(c) 𝑥 2 + 4x – 1 = 0
(d) 𝑥 2 – 4x – 1 = 0

13. Find the quadratic equation having roots (1 + √2) and (1 – √2).
14. Is x = −3 a solution of the equation 𝑥 2 – 3x + 7 = 0 ?
15. Show that x = –2 is a solution of the equation 2𝑥 2 – 4x – 16 = 0
16. If 2 is a root of the equation a𝑥 2 + ax + 2 = 0 and 𝑥 2 – x – b = 0 then find a/b.
17. If x = 1/3 is a solution to the equation 3𝑥 2 – 2kx + 5 = 0 find k.
18. Check whether the following are quadratic equations or not .
x3–2x2+ 1 = 0
x2-2x = (-2) ( 3-x)
(x-7) (x) = 3x2 – 5
(x-2) ( x+1) = ( x-1) ( x+3)
19. Is x = 2 a solution of the equation x2-2x+8 = 0 ?
20. Represent in the form of quadratic equation
(x-5) ( x +4) = ( x+ 1) ( x+2) -2x2
21. Find the discriminant of the quadratic equation x2 + x+1 =0

22. Write the nature of the quadratic equation 9x2 -6x -2 =0

23. Find the value of k for which the quadratic equation 9x2 -3x – 2 =0

24. Find the roots of the quadratic equation by factorisation

a) x2 -9x + 20 =0
b) √3x2 + 10 x + 7√3 = 0
c) 2x2 – x + 1/8 = 0
d) 2x2-7x+3= 0

25. Solve the following equation by the method of completing the equation 2x2 + x -4 =0

26. Solve the equation : 9x2 – 12x + 4 = 0 by using quadratic formula.

27. Find the roots of the following equation


1 1 9
- = , x ≠ -3 ,6
𝑥+3 𝑥−6 20

28. A fast train takes 3hours less than a slow train for a journey of 600km .If the speed of slow
train is 10 km/hr less than that of the fast train , find the speeds of two trains.

29. If the price of a book is reduced by rupees 5 ,a person can buy 5 more books for rupees 300
. Find the original list price of a book.
ASSIGNMENT 2
LINEAR EQUATIONS IN TWO VARIABLES
1. On comparing the ratios a /a , b /b and c /c , find out whether the lines representing the following
1 2 1 2 1 2

pair of linear equations have unique solution ,no solution or infinitely many solutions.

a. 9x + 3y + 12 = 0 ; 18x + 6y + 24 = 0

b. 6x – 3y + 10 = 0 ; 2x – y + 9 = 0

2. On comparing the ratios a /a , b /b and c /c , find out whether the pair of linear equations
1 2 1 2 1 2

represent intersecting lines, parallel lines or coincident lines.

a. 2x + 3y + 8 = 0 ; 4x + 6y + 9 = 0

b. 3x – 2y + 5 = 0 ; 2x –3 y + 7 = 0

3. Solve the linear equations by substitution method

2x + 3y = 11 ; 2x -4y = - 24

4. Solve the linear equations by elimination method

3x – 5y - 4 = 0 ; 9x = 2y + 7

5. Solve the linear equations by cross multiplication method

5x + 3y = 35 ; 2x + 4y = 28

6. Check graphically, whether the pair of linear equations

x + 3y = 6 ; 2x – 3y = 12

is consistent ,If so ,solve it graphically.

7. Draw the graphs of equations x – y +1 = 0 and 3x + 2y – 12 = 0 . Determine the coordinates of


the vertices of triangle formed by these lines and x – axis. Also, shade the triangular region and
find its area.

8. Solve the following pair of equation

6x + 3y = 6xy ; 2x + 4y = 5xy

9. Solve the following pair of linear equation

152 x – 378 y = -74


-378 x + 152y = -604

10. 10.A boat goes 30 km upstream and 44 km downstream in 10 hrs. It can go 40 km upstream
and 55 km downstream in 13 hrs. Find the speed of stream and that of boat in still water.
11. Find the value of k for which the equations kx - y = 2, 6 x - 2 y = 3 have (a) a unique
solution (b) no solution.
12. Find the values of a and b for which the following equation have infinitely many solutions
.
13. A fraction becomes 9 /11 if 2 is added to both the numerator and the denominator .If 3
is added to both the numerator and denominator it becomes 5/6 .Find the fraction .
14. A father's age is thrice the sum of ages of his 2 children. After five years, his age will be
twice the sum of their ages . How old is the father?
15. Solve ax + by = a - b , bx - ay = a + b .
𝑥+1 𝑦−1 𝑥−1 𝑦 +1
16. Solve + = 8, + = 9.
2 3 3 2
17. Solve 1/x + 1/y = 2 ; 1/y - 1/ x = 6.
18. If x + y = 80 , x - y = 30,find x and y.
19. Find graphically the coordinates of triangle formed by the lines :
x + 2y =3 ; 3x - 2y= -7 and y + 1 = 0
20 Solve
1 1 1 1
+ =3; - = 5; x,y ≠0.
7𝑥 6𝑦 2𝑥 3𝑦
ASSIGNMENT 3

POLYNOMIALS

1. Find the quadratic polynomial whose zeroes are -3 and -2.


2. Check whether g(x) is a factor of p(x) by dividing first polynomial by second polynomial
3. p(x)=𝑥 2 -5x+6, g(x)=2-2x+𝑥 2
4. If the sum of the zeroes of the quadratic polynomial f(x)=k𝑥 2 +2x+3k is equal to the product of
zeroes . Find the value of k.
5. If α and β are the zeroes of p(x)=𝑥 2 +x-1,then find α β+ αβ
2 2.

6. On dividing the polynomial f(x) = 𝑥 3 + 5𝑥 2 +6x -4 by a polynomial g(x), the quotient and remainder
are x – 3 and -3x + 5 resp. Find g(x).
7. What must be subtracted from 𝑥 3 - 6𝑥 2 + 13x – 6 so that resulting polynomial is exactly divisible by
x + x +1.
2

8. Find the cubic polynomial with the sum, sum of the products of its zeroes taken two at a time
and product of its zeroes as -3,-8 and 2 respectively.
9. Find all the zeroes of p(x) = 𝑥 3 – 9𝑥 2 – 12x + 20 if (x+2) is a factor of p(x).
10. If -2,1 and 3 are zeroes of polynomial 𝑥 3 – 2𝑥 2 – 5x + 6 ,verify relationship between the zeroes and
the coefficients.
11. Obtain all the zeroes of 2𝑥 3 +𝑥 2 – 6x -3, if two of its zeroes are -3and 3.
12. Find the quadratic polynomial, the sum and product of whose zeroes are

(a) -3,2 (b)-3 ,-7

13 If α and β are zeroes of 2𝑥 2 - 7x + 3, find the value of 𝛼3 + 𝛽3 .

14 Find all the zeroes of 2 𝑥 4 + 5𝑥 3 - 11𝑥 2 + 20 x + 12,if two of its zeroes are 2 and -2.
15. Show that -1 , 3 and 6 are zeroes of 𝑥 3 - 8𝑥 2 + 9x + 18. Also find the relationship between the
zeroes and the coefficients of polynomial.

● ASSIGNMENT 4
INTRODUCTION TO TRIGONOMETRY

● In figure 1 , ∆ ABC is a right angled triangle. Find all the trigonometric ratios with respect to angle A.

figure 1
● In figure 2 , ∆ PQR is a right angled triangle. Determine :
o ( a ) sin P , cos P , tan P
o ( b ) cosec R , sec R , cot R

figure 2
● If cos A = 4/5 , then find all other trigonometric ratios with respect to angle A.

● If cot θ = 5/12 , then


● Evaluate the following:

● Evaluate:

Trigonometric Identities

● Complete the following statements :


o ( a ) sin2 A + …........... = 1
o ( b ) sec2 A = 1 + …...........
o ( c ) cosec2 A = 1 + ….........

● Prove that : sin2 θ + tan2 θ + cos2 θ = sec2 θ

● Prove that : 1 - cos2 θ - sin2 θ = 0

● Prove that : cos2 θ ( 1 + tan2 θ ) + sin2 θ ( 1 + cot2 θ ) = 2

● Prove that : sin θ + cos θ = 1 - cos θ sin θ


3 3

sin θ + cos θ
● If sec A +tan A = x, then what is the value of sec A
● If sin 2 A = 2 sin A, then find A.
● Prove that cot A + tan A = sec A cosec A.
● If x cos A - y sin A = a and x sin A +y cos A = b, then prove that 𝑥 2 + 𝑦 2 = 𝑎2 + 𝑏 2 .
● If tan A + sin A = m and tan A - sin A = m, then show that 𝑚2 - 𝑛2 =4 √𝑚 𝑛.
● Write sec A in terms of cot A .
● If cos ( A - B ) = sin (A+B) = 1, find A and B.
● Using cos (A -B) = cos A cos B + sin A sin B, find the value of cos 15°.
● Prove that sin A sin (90° - A ) - cos A cos (90° - A ) = 0.
● If sin A : cos A = 12 : 13 , find the value of tan A, sin A and cos A .
𝑡𝑎𝑛 𝐴 + 𝑠𝑖𝑛 𝐴 𝑠𝑒𝑐 𝐴 + 1
● Prove that = .
𝑡𝑎𝑛 𝐴 − 𝑠𝑖𝑛 𝐴 𝑠𝑒𝑐 𝐴 − 1
● Find the value of 2 sin 38° sec 52 ° .
● Prove sec 41° sin 49° + cos 49° cosec 41° = 2 .
● Prove that ( 1 + cot A - cosec A ) ( 1 + tan A + sec A ) = 2 .