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Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

EASY QUESTIONS
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1. Consider the given velocity-time graph. It +v0
represents the motion of
(a) a projectile projected vertically upward, from
a point v 2 4 6 8 10 12 14
(b) an electron in the hydrogen atom t
(c) a bullet fired horizontally from the top of a
tower –v0
(d) an object in the positive direction with
decreasing speed
Sol.: (a)
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2. Displacement (s) versus time (t) graphs of two s s
particles moving in a straight line along x-axis are
shown below. Which of following statement is
incorrect.. t t
(a) particle (i) has accelerated motion (i) (ii)
(b) particle (i) has positive velocity
(c) particle (ii) has uniform motion
(d) particle (ii) has a retarded motion
Sol.: (c)
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3. The retardation of a particle moving in a straight line is proportional to its displacement
(proportionality constant being unity). Initial velocity of the particle is v0. Find the total
displacement of the particle till it comes to rest.
v0 v0 v 02
(a) (b) v0 (c) (d)
2 3 4
0 s
dv v02 s 2
Sol.: a  s , v
ds
 s , 
v0
vdv    sds ,
0 2 2
  s = v0

 (b)
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4. A bullet is fired with a gun from a tower horizontally with a velocity 400 m/s. At the
same time a stone is dropped from the same tower
(a) the stone will reach the ground first
(b) the bullet will reach the ground first
(c) both will reach the ground at the same time
(d) (a) and (b) according to the height of tower
Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

Sol.: Since u y  0 , for both particle time will same.


 (c)
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5. At what angle to the horizontal should an object be projected so that the maximum
height reached is equal to the horizontal range?
(a) tan  = 2 (b) tan  = 4 (c) tan  = 2/3 (d)  = 3

u 2 sin 2  u 2 sin 2
Sol.:   tan   4
2g g
 (b)
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6. A particle starts moving from the position of rest under a constant acceleration. It travels
a distance x in the first 10 sec and distance y in the next 10 sec, then
(a) y = x (b) y = 2x (c) y = 3x (d) y = 4x

Sol.: For constant acceleration and equal time interval ratio of distance is 1 : 3.
 y  3x
 (c)
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7. The velocity of a body depends on time according to the equation v = 20 + 0.1t2. The
body is undergoing
(a) uniform acceleration (b) uniform retardation
(c) non-uniform acceleration (d) zero acceleration
dv
Sol.: a  0.2t
dt
 (c)
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8. The x and y co-ordinates of a particle at any time t are given by x = 7t + 4t2 and y = 5t
where x and y are in metre and t in sec. The acceleration of the particle at 5 s is
(a) zero (b) 8 m/s2 (c) 20 m/s2 (d) 40 m/s2
d 2x d2y
Sol.:  8 0
dt 2 dt 2
 a=8
 (b)

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9. A 150 m long train is moving to north at a speed of 10 m/s. A parrot is flying towards
south with a speed of 5 m/s crosses the train. The time taken by the parrot to cross the
train would be
(a) 30 s (b) 15 s (c) 8 s (d) 10 s
Sol.: VPt  VP  Vt  5  (10)  15 m / s
Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

150
 t  10 s
15
 (d)
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10. A projectile is fired horizontally with a initial speed of 20 m/s. Its horizontal speed 3 sec
later will be
(a) 20 m/s (b) 6.67 m/s (c) 60 m/s (d) 29.4 m/s
Sol.: No acceleration in horizontal direction.
So, horizontal speed remains same.
 (a)
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11. A coin is dropped in a lift. It takes time t1 to reach the floor when lift is stationary. it
takes time t2 when lift is moving up with constant acceleration, then
(a) t1  t2 (b) t2  t1 (c) t1  t2 (d) t1  t2
Sol.: t1  t 2 because when lift is moving the acceleration coin is more than g hence will take
less time.
 (a)
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x(m)
12. What is the average velocity during
time interval t = 2 s to t = 5 s, in the
following position time curve? Q
6
(a) 2 m/s P
4
(b) 2/3 m/s
(c) 1.2 m/s 2

(d) 0.4 m/s t(s)


1 2 3 4 5

64 2
Sol.: v avg  slope of line PQ =  m/s
52 3
 (b)
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13. A balloon is moving vertically upward with a velocity of 4 m/s. When it is at a height
of h, a stone is dropped from it. If it reaches the ground in 4s, the height of the balloon,
when the stone is released, is (g = 9.8 m/s2)
(a) 62.4 m (b) 42.4 m (c) 78.4 m (d) 82.2 m

Sol.: Let height of balloon = h


1 1
h  ut  gt 2 =  4(4)  (9.8)(16) = 62.4 m
2 2
 (a)

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14. The position vector of a particle is r  (a cos t )iˆ  (a sin t ) ˆj . The velocity vector of
the particle is
Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

(a) parallel to the position vector (b) perpendicular to the position vector
(c) directed towards the origin (d) directed away from the origin

Sol.: The velocity vector is given by


  a sin t iˆ  (a cos t ) ˆj
dr
v
dt
 
v r  0
 (b)
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15. A particle is projected with a velocity u, at an angle , with the horizontal. Time at
which its vertical component of velocity becomes half of its net speed at the highest
point will be

(a)
u
(b)
u
sin   cos  
2g 2g

(c)
u
2 cos   sin   (d)
u
2 sin   cos  
2g 2g
u cos  u cos 
Sol.: Half of speed at highest point    u sin   gt
2 2

t
u
2 sin   cos  
2g
 (d)
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v (m/s)

16. The velocity-time graph of a particle moving


along a straight line is as shown in figure. 4
Calculate the distance covered between t = 0 to
t = 10 seconds.
O 5 10
(a) 10 m (b) 20 m t (s)

(c) 60 m (d) 50 m
1
Sol.: Distance travelled = Area under the given graph = × 10 × 4 = 20 m
2
 (b)
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17. The graph given shows the velocity v versus time t
for a body. Which of the following graphs shown
represents the corresponding acceleration versus v
t
time graphs?

a a
(a) t (b) t
Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

a
a
(c) (d) t
t

Sol.: Acceleration is negative and constant for first half. It is positive and constant over
next half.
 (b)
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18. A projectile has the same range R for two angles of projection. If T1 and T2 be the times
of flight in the two cases, then R is
T12  T22
(a) T1T2 g (b)
T1T2 g
2

(c) T12  T12 g  (d)
2
g

2u sin  2u cos  u 2 sin 2 T1T2 g


Sol.: T1  , T2  and R   R
g g g 2
 (b)
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19. If the range of a gun which fires a shell with muzzle speed V is R, then the angle of
elevation of the gun is
V 2   gR  1 V 2  1 1  gR 
(a) cos 1   (b) cos 1  2  (c)   (d) sin  2 
 Rg  V  2  Rg  2 V 

V 2 sin 2 1  gR 
Sol.: R    sin 1  2 
g 2 V 
 (d)
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20. For position-time(x-t) curve as shown in x
figure, the velocity-time (v-t) curve will be

t
t1 t2 t3 t4 t5
v
v

t
t t1 t2 t3 t4 t5
(a) t1 t2 t3 t4 t5 (b)
Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

v v

t t
(c) t1 t2 t3 t4 t5 (d) t5
t1 t2 t3 t4
Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

Sol.: 0  t1  uniformly retarded motion


t1  t 2  particle at rest
t 2  t 3  uniform negative velocity
t 3  t 4  particle at rest
t 4  t 5  uniform negative velocity
 (c)
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 
21. The position of a particle is given by r  3tiˆ  3t 2 ˆj  4kˆ , where t is in seconds and r

is meters. Find out magnitude and direction of velocity v with horizontal at t  3 s .
 2 
(a) 3 5 m/s,   tan 1 (2) (b) 3 5 m/s,   tan 1  
 3
1
(c) 3 2 m/s,   tan 1 (3) (d) 3 5 m/s,   tan 1  
2

 dr
Sol.: v = 3iˆ  2 3t ˆj
dt

v (t  3 s)  3iˆ  6 ˆj

| v | 32  6 2  3 5 m/s
6
 = tan 1   = tan 1 2
3
 (a)
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22. The position of an object moving along x-axis is given by x  at 3  bt  3 , where x is
in metres and t in seconds. If velocity at t = 1 s and t = 4 s is 0.3 m/s and 27.3 m/s
respectively, the value of a and b will be
(a) 0.6 m/s3, +1.5 m/s (b) 0.6 m/s3, –1.5 m/s
(c) 1.6 m/s3, –1.5 m/s (d) none of these
dx
Sol.: v  3at 2  b …(i)
dt
v(t  1s)  0.3  3a  b  0.3 …(i)
v(t  4 s)  27.3  48a  b  27.3 …(ii)
From (i) and (ii),
a = 0.6, b = –1.5
 (b)

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Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

23. The initial velocity of a body moving along a straight line is 7 m/s. It has a uniform
acceleration of 4m/s2. The distance covered by the body in the 5th second of its motion
is
(a) 25 m (b) 35 m (c) 50 m (d) 85 m

Sol.: u = 7 m/s and a = 4 m/s2


a
Distance traveled in nth second = u  (2n  1)
2
4
Distance traveled in 5th second = 7  [2(5)  1] =25m
2
 (a)
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24. The velocity time graph of a particle starting v (m/s)
from rest from a point P is shown here. Particle 4
will reach P again, after staring from P in time
2
(a) 8s (b) 10s
(c) 12s (d) 16s
8 t (s)
P 6

Sol.: Let after t second particle will reach at P again, v (m/s)


 area of v – t curve = 0
1 1
 2  8   (t  8)  (t  8)  1  0
2 2 2
(t  8) 2  16
t 8  4 t t (s)
P 6 8
t  12s
 (c)
-v

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25. The velocity of a particle moving along the x–axis is given by v = x3 – 6x2 + 12 where
v is in m/s and x is in m. Acceleration of the particle when it is passing through the point
x = 4 m will be
(a) – 20 ms–2 (b) – 10 ms–2 (c) – 5 ms–2 (d) zero
dv
Sol.: v  x 3  6 x 2  12 ,  3 x 2  12 x ,
dx
v( x  4m)  64  6  16  12  76  96  20 ms 1
 dv  dv
   3(4) 2  12  4 , av 0
 dx  x4 m dx
 (d)
Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

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26. A particle located at x = 0 at time t = 0, starts moving along the positive x-direction
with a velocity ‘v’ that varies as v   x . The displacement of the particle varies with
time as
(a) t3 (b) t2 (c) t (d) t1/2
dx
Sol.: v x    x1 / 2 , x1/ 2dx   dt ,
dt
x t


0
x 1/ 2 dx    dt , 2 x  t ,
0
x  t2

 (b)

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27. Position-time curve of a body moving along a x
straight line is shown in figure. The velocity-time
curve for the motion of the particle will be
t
v
v v v
(a) t (b) (c) t (d)
t t

Sol.: This is the situation similar to elastic collision of ball impinging on floor and
bouncing back.
 (a)
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28. The position vector r of a moving particle at time t after the start of the motion is given
by

r  (2t  3t 2 )iˆ  2tˆj  t 2 kˆ . The time t, when acceleration is perpendicular to velocity, is
(a) 1 s (b) 0.5 s (c) 0.3 s (d) 0.25 s
  
Sol.: r  (2t  3t 2 ) iˆ  2t ˆj  t 2 kˆ , v  (2  6t ) iˆ  2 ˆj  2t kˆ , a  6 iˆ  2 kˆ
   
If v  a , v  a  0  – 6 (2 – 6t) + 4t = 0, 40 t = 12
3
t=  0.3 s
10
 (c)

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29. Velocity of a particle moving along x-axis is proportional to square root of its
displacement. The acceleration of the particle is
(a) increasing (b) decreasing (c) zero (d) constant
Sol.: v  x , v  k x where k is a constant.
Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

dv k k2
av k x , a  constant
dx 2 x 2
 (d)
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30. Time - displacement (t-x) graph of two objects A and B t A
is shown in figure. The ratio of their speeds (vA/vB) is
(tan 37° = 3/4) 53° B
30°
x

3 4 4 3 3
(a) (b) (c) (d)
4 3 3 3 4
v A 1 / tan 53 3/ 4 3
Sol.:  = 
v B 1 / tan 30 3 4
 (a)
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31. The velocity-time curve of a body is shown in v(ms–1)
figure. The average speed of the body in first 6
seven second is 4
(a) 1 ms–1 (b) 2 ms–1 2
11 1 19 1 t(s)
(c) ms (d) ms –2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
7 7 –4

1
Sol.: A1  (2  4)  1  3m
2
1
A2  (2  1)  4  6m A1
2 A2 A4
1 A3
A3  (2  4) = 4m
2
1
A4  (2  6) = 6m
2
Distance travelled in 7 s = A1  A2  A3  A4 = 19 m
19
Average speed = m/s
7
 (d)
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32. The coordinates of a moving particle at any time ‘t’ are given by x = t3 and y = 4t2,
where x and y are in metre and t in second. The acceleration of the particle at time t =
1s is given by
(a) 6 ms–2 (b) 8 ms–2 (c) 10 ms–2 (d) 14 ms–2
Sol.: x  t 3 , y  4t 2 , v x  3t 2 , a x  6t  a x (t = 1s) = 6 m/s2
v y  8t , a y  8 m/s2, a  a x  a y  6 2  8 2 ,
2 2
a  10 m/s2
 (c)
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Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

33. A stone is thrown with speed of 20 m/s at an angle of 60° with the ground. Speed of
stone when makes an angle of 30° with the horizontal is:
20
(a) 10 m/s (b) 10 3 m/s (c) m/s (d) None of these
3

Sol.: As horizontal component of velocity is same at all the time


u cos 30  20 cos 60
3 1
u  20   10
2 2
20
u ms–1
3
 (c)
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34. A person travels along a straight road for the first half time with a velocity v1 and the
second half time with a velocity v2. Then the mean velocity v is given by
v1  v2 2 1 1 v2
(a) v = (b)   (c) v = v1v2 (d) v 
2 v v1 v 2 v1
Sol.: Displacement in the 1st half time = v1t
Displacement in the 2nd half time = v2t
 Net displacement = (v1 + v2) t
(v1  v2 )t v1  v2
 Average velocity = 
2t 2
 (a)
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35. The magnitude of displacement is equal to the distance covered in a given internal of
time if the particle
(a) moves with constant acceleration (b) moves with constant speed
(c) moves with constant velocity (d) moves with non uniform
acceleration

Sol.: To cover the distance equal to the magnitude of displacement, the particle has to move
with constant velocity.
 (c)
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36. A particle is moving east–wards with a velocity of 4 m/s. In 5 seconds the velocity
changes to 3 m/s northwards. The average acceleration in this time interval is
1
(a) m/s2 towards north–east (b) 1 m/s2 towards north–west
2
1 1
(c) m/s2 towards north–east (d) m/s2 towards north–west
2 2
Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

 
Sol.: | v |  5 m/s  v1 
 v2
a = 1 m/s2 (towards north–west) v2
 v2
 (b) v
v2
Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

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37. Rain is falling vertically downwards with a velocity of 3 km/hr. A man walks in the
rain with a velocity of 4 km/hr. The raindrops will fall on the man with a velocity of
(a) 1 km/hr (b) 3 km/hr (c) 4 km/hr (d) 5 km/hr

Sol.: vrm  vr2  vm2  5 km/hr 


vrm 
vr
 (d) 
vm
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38. A shell fired from the ground is just able to cross in a horizontal direction the top of a
wall 90 m away and 45 m high. The direction of projection of the shell is
(a) 25° (b) 30° (c) 60° (d) 45°
u 2 sin 2  u 2 sin 2 45 1
Sol.: H and R  ,  tan    = 45°
2g g 180 4
 (d)
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39. A particle moves along a straight line such that its displacement s at any time t is given
by s  t 3  6t 2  3t  4 metre. The velocity, when the acceleration is zero, is
(a) –12 ms–1 (b) –9 ms–1 (c) 3 ms–1 (d) 42 ms–1
ds
Sol.: s  t 3  6t 2  3t  4 , v  3t 2  12t  3 ,
dt
dv
a  6t  12; a is zero at t  2
dt
v(t  2)  3  4  12  2  3  9 m/sec
 (b)
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40. The displacement time graphs of two bodies A and y B
B are shown in figure. The ratio of velocity of
A, vA to velocity of B, vB is s A
1
(a) (b) 3
3 60º
1 30º
(c) (d) 3 x
3 t
v A tan 30º 1 / 3 1
Sol.:   
vB tan 60º 3 3
 (c)
Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

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41. Acceleration of a particle, starting from rest in straight line, changes with time as
a = 6t m/s2. Displacement of the particle at t = 2 s, will be
(a) 24 m (b) 8 m (c) 16 m (d) 4 m
Sol.: a  6t  s = t3
 (b)
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42. Figure shows the acceleration-time graph for a a (m/s2)
particle in rectilinear motion. The average
acceleration in first twenty second is 40 A B
(a) 45 m/s2 (b) 40 m/s2 20
2 2 D E C t (s)
(c) 30 m/s (d) 20 m/s
0 10 20 30
Change in velocity
Sol.:. Average acceleration (a) 
Time taken
 Change in velocity = Area of acceleration – time graph
AreaOABE 600
 Average acceleration    30m/s 2
20 s 20
 (c)
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43. The acceleration of a particle, starting from rest, varies with time according to the
relation a  k t  c . The velocity v of the particle after a time t will be
1 1 1
(a) k t 2  c t (b) ( k t 2  c t ) (c) (k t 2  2c t ) (d) k t 2  c t
2 2 2
t 2
dv kt
Sol.: a  , v   a dt   (kt  c)dt , v  ct
dt 0
2
 (c)

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44. A particle is moving east-wards with a velocity of 4 m/s. In 10 seconds the velocity
changes to 3 m/s northwards. The average acceleration in this time interval is
1 1
(a) m/s2 towards north-east (b) m/s2 towards north-west
2 2
1 1
(c) m/s2 towards north-east (d) m/s2 towards north-west
2 2
 
Sol.: | v |  5 m/s  v1 
 1 v2 v2
a = m/s2 (towards north-west)  v2
2 v
 (d) v2
Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

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45. One body is dropped, while a second body is thrown downward with an initial velocity
of 1ms–1 simultaneously. The separation between these is 1.8 m after a time
(a) 4.5 s (b) 9 s (c) 1.8 s (d) 36 s
1 2
Sol.: For the dropped body, h1 = gt ;
2
1 2 1
For the thrown body, h2 = 1 × t × gt = t + gt 2 ;
2 2
h2 – h1 = t; So, t = 1.8 second.
 (c)
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46. Two bodies are projected at angles  and (90 – ) to the horizontal with the same speed.
The ratio of their times of flight is
(a) sin  : 1 (b) cos  : 1 (c) sin  : cos  (d) cos  : sin 

2v sin  2v sin (90  ) 2v cos  T1 sin 


Sol.: T1  , T2  or T2  . Dividing,  .
g g g T2 cos 
 (c)
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47. The velocity of projection of an oblique projectile is v  3iˆ  2 ˆj (in ms–1). The speed
of the projectile at the highest point of the trajectory is
(a)3 ms–1 (b) 2 ms–1 (c) 1 ms–1 (d) zero
Sol.: At the highest point, velocity is horizontal.
 (a)
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48. If the velocity of a particle is (10  2t 2 ) m/s, then the average acceleration of the particle
between 2s and 5s is
(a) 2 m/s2 (b) 4 m/s2 (c) 12 m/s2 (d) 14 m/s2

Sol.: v1 (t  2 s)  10  2  2 2  18 m/s
v2 (t  5 s)  10  2  52  60 m/s
v v 42
a avg  2 1   14 m/s
t 2  t1 3
 (d)

E
49. When a ball is thrown up vertically with velocity V0, it reaches a maximum height of h.
If one wishes to triple the maximum height then the ball should be thrown with velocity
(a) 3V0 (b) 3V0 (c) 9V0 (d) 3 / 2V0
Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

Sol.: H max  u 2  u H max


i.e. to triple the maximum height, ball should be thrown with velocity 3 u .

 (a)
E
50. A particle moves along the sides AB, BC, CD of C B
a square of side 25 m with a velocity of 15 m/s.
Its average velocity is
(a) 15 m/s (b) 10 m/s
(c) 7.5 m/s (d) 5 m/s D A
75 AD 25
Sol.: t  5 s , vavg   = 5 m/s
15 t 5
 (d)
E
51. A particle is projected with a velocity v such that its range on the horizontal plane is
twice the greatest height attained by it. The range of the projectile is (where g is
acceleration due to gravity)
4v 2 4g v2 4v 2
(a) (b) (c) (d)
5g 5v 2 g 5g

1 2 1
Sol.: R = 2H  cot   ; sin  
, cos  
2 5 5
2v sin  cos  4v
2 2
 Range of projectile R = 
g 5g
 (a)

E
52. An object is moving with a uniform acceleration which is parallel to its instantaneous
direction of motion. The displacement(s) – velocity (v) graph of this object is
s s s s
(a) (b) (c) (d)
v v v v

Sol.: v 2  u 2  2as , If u = 0 then v 2  s


i.e., graph should be parabola symmetric to displacement axis.

 (c)
E
53. A particle is thrown with a speed of 12 m/s at an angle 60° with the horizontal. The
time interval between the moments when its speed is 10 m/s is (g = 10 m/s2)
(a) 1.0 s (b) 1.2 s (c) 1.4 s (d) 1.6 s
Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

Sol.: vH  u cos   6 , vv  v 2  u 2 cos 2   8


u sin   8 u sin   8 8 2
t1  , t2  , t 2  t1   1.6 s
10 10 10
 (d)
E
54. A body is thrown with the velocity vo at an angle  with the horizontal. If the body
remains in air for 6 seconds, the maximum height reached by the body will be
(a) 9.8 m (b) 19.6 m (c) 20.0 m (d) 44.1 m
2
2u y uy
Sol.: T , H
g 2g
gT 2
9.8  (6) 2
 H  = 44.1 m
8 8
 (d)
E
55. A particle is moving along a circular path of radius 6 m with a uniform speed of 8ms 1
. The average acceleration when the particle completes one half of the revolution is
16 2 32 2 64 2
(a) ms (b) ms (c) ms (d) none of
3 3 3
these

Sol.: Change in velocity v  8  (8)  16m / s


r   6 3
Time taken t 
 
v 8 4
v 16  4 64
 Average acceleration   
t 3 3
 (c)
E
acceleration (m/s2)

56. The acceleration of particle varies with time as


shown in figure. If particle start from rest, the
velocity of particle after 3 sec is
(a) zero (b) 2 m/s (0,0) 1 time(s)

(c) 3 m/s (d) 4 m/s


-2

a(m/s2)
Sol.: V = area under the curve
4
1 1
  2  4   2 1
2 2
= 3 m/s
t(s)
 (c) 1 2 3

-2
Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

E
57. A river is flowing from west to east with a speed of 5 m/min. A man can swim in still
water with a velocity 10 m/min. In which direction should the man swim, so as to take
the shortest possible path to go to the south?
(a) 30° with downstream (b) 60° with downstream
(c) 120° with downstream (d) towards south
Sol.: For shortest possible path man should swim at an angle of (90 + vR
W E
) with downstream. From the figure,

v 5 1 vm
sin   r  
vm 10 2
  = 30° vR
 (c)
E
58. A bullet is fired horizontally from a rifle at a distant target. Ignoring the effects of air
resistance, what are the horizontal and vertical accelerations of the bullet?
Horizontal vertical
2
(a) 9.8 m/s 9.8 m/s2
(b) 9.8 m/s2 0 m/s2
(c) 0 m/s2 9.8 m/s2
(d) 0 m/s2 0 m/s2
Sol.: (c)
E
59. A point moves in a straight line so that its displacement x metre at time t sec is given
by x 2  1  t 2 . Its acceleration in m/s2 at time t sec is
1 1 1 1 t2 t
(a) 3
(b)  2 (c)  (d)
x x x x x3 x2
Sol.: x2 1 t 2
dx dx t d 2 x x  t dx / dt 1 t2
2x  2t      
dt dt x dt 2 x2 x x3
 (c)
E
60. A projectile is thrown with an initial velocity of ( xiˆ  yˆj ) m/s . If the range of the
projectile is double the maximum height reached by it then
(a) x = 2y (b) y = 2x (c) x = y (d) y = 4x
Sol.: u sin   y , u cos   x
u 2 sin 2  y 2 u 2 (2 sin  cos ) 2 xy
 H  , R 
2g 2g g g
2 xy 2 y 2
As R = 2H    y  2x
g 2g
 (b)
Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

E
61. A point initially at rest moves along x-axis. Its acceleration varies with time as a = (6 t
+ 5) m/sec2. If it starts from origin, the distance covered in 1st second is
(a) 3 m (b) 3.5 m (c) 4 m (d) 4.5 m
t
dv ds
Sol.: a  6t  5 ; v   (6t  5) dt  3t 2  5t ;  3t 2  5t
dt 0
dt
2
5t
s  t3  ; (s) t 1s  3.5 m
2
 (b)
E
62. Two different balls of masses m1 and m2 are allowed to m1 m2
slide down from rest and from same height h along two
h
inclined planes having different inclination  and .  
Then
(a) The final speed acquired by them will be the same
(b) The final speed acquired by them will be different
(c) The times taken by them to reach the bottom will be the same
(d) None of these
Sol.: (a)
E
63. A body starts from rest and travels with uniform acceleration such that it covers 8 m
during the 2nd second. During the 5th second it would travel
(a) 20 m (b) 24 m (c) 28 m (d) 16 m
 1
Sol.: 8  0  a  2   …(1)
 2
 1
S5  0  a  5   …(2)
 2
Dividing equation (2) by (1)
We get, S 5  24 m.
 (b)
E
64. In the graph shown, X-axis represents time, then the Y-axis could represent
(a) speed of a body projected under gravity Y
(b) velocity of a body projected under gravity
(c) acceleration of a body projected under gravity
(d) distance travelled by a body projected under
O X
gravity
Sol.: (a)
Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

E
65. A projectile’s time of flight T is related to the horizontal range R by the equation
gT 2  2 R . The angle of projection in degrees is
(a) 30° (b) 45° (c) 60° (d) 90°
2
 2u sin   u 2 sin 2
Sol.: g    2   tan   1 or   45
 g  g
 (b)
E
66. A boat travels from south bank to north bank of river with a maximum speed of 8 km/h.
A river current flows from west to east with a speed of 4 km/h. To arrive at a point
opposite to the point of start, the boat should start at an angle
(a) tan 1 (1 / 2) west of north (b) tan 1 (1 / 2) north of west
(c) 30° west of north (d) 30° north of west
4 1 vbr N
Sol.: vbr sin   vr  sin   
8 2 
vr
  = 30° west of north E
 (c)
E
67. A motor car can be stopped within a distance of s, when it moves with a speed v. If it
moves with a speed 4v, it can be stopped within a distance (assuming constant braking
force)
(a) s (b) 4s (c) 2s (d) 16s
Sol.: The stopping distance S  u 2

 (d)
E
68. A stone is dropped from the top of the tower and reaches the ground in 3 s. Then the
height of the tower is (g = 9.8 m/s2)
(a) 18.6 m (b) 39.2 m (c) 44.1 m (d) 98 m

Sol.: Let H is the height of tower


1 1
 H = gt 2 =  9.8  9 = 44.1m
2 2
 (c)
E
69. A stone is just released from the window of a train moving along a horizontal straight
track. The stone will hit the ground for an observer at the ground following a
(a) straight line path (b) circular path (c) parabolic path (d) hyperbolic path
Sol.: (c)
Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

MODERATE QUESTIONS
M
70. Two particles A and B are connected by a rigid rod B
AB. The rod slides along perpendicular rails as
shown here. The velocity of A to the left is 10 m/s.
What is the velocity of B when angle  = 30°?  A
(a) 9.8 m/s (b) 10 m/s (c) 5.8 m/s (d) 17.3 m/s
dx dy
Sol.: x 2  y 2  l 2  2x  2 y  0   xvA  yvB  0
dt dt
v
 v B  A  10 3  17.3 m/s
tan 
 (d)
M
71. A body is thrown up in a lift with an upward velocity u relative to the lift from its floor
and the time of flight is found to be t. The acceleration of the lift will be
u  gt u  gt 2u  g t u
(a) (b) (c) (d) g
2 2 t t
1 1 2u  gt
Sol.: S r  u r t  ar t 2 ; 0  ut  ( g  a ) t 2  a
2 2 t
 (c)
M
72. In an imaginary atmosphere, the air exerts a small force F on any particle in the
direction of the particle’s motion. A particle of mass m projected vertically upward take
a time t1 in reaching the maximum height and t2 in returning to the original point. Then
(a) t1  t 2 (b) t1  t 2
(c) t1  t 2
(d) the relation t1 and t2 depends on the mass of the particle.
Sol.: (b)
M
73. From a balloon rising vertically upwards at 5 m/s, a stone is thrown up at 10 m/s relative
to the balloon. Its velocity with respect to ground after 2 sec is (assume g = 10 ms2)
(a) 0 (b) 20 m/s (c) 10 m/s (d) 5 m/s
Sol.: (d)
M
74. If rain drops are falling with velocity of 12 m/s at an angle of 30° with the vertical.
With what possible speed(s), a man should move in horizontal direction so that rain
drops hit him at an angle of 45° with the horizontal.
(a) 18 m/s (b) 6 m/s (c) both (a) and (b) (d) none of these
Sol.: (d)
Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

M
75. A particle is projected at an angle  with the horizontal from the foot of an inclined
plane making an angle  with horizontal. Which of the following expressions holds
good if the particle strikes the inclined plane normally?
(a) cot  = tan ( – ) (b) cot  = 2 tan ( – )
(c) cot  = tan ( – ) (d) cot  = 2 tan ( – )
2u sin(   ) u cos(  )
Sol.: 
g cos  g sin 
1
 tan(   )  cot 
2
 (b)
M
76. A ball is dropped from the top of a building. The ball takes 0.5 s to pass the 3 m length
of a window some distance from the top of the building. If the velocities of the ball at
the top and at the bottom of the window are vT and vB respectively, then
v
(a) vT  vb  12 ms–1 (b) vT  vB  4.9 ms–1 (c) vB vT  1 ms–1 (d) B  1
vT
–1
ms
vT  vB 3
Sol.:   6 or vT  vB  12 ms–1
2 0.5
 (a)
M
77. During an accelerated motion of a particle (initial velocity of particle is zero)
(a) average velocity of the particle is always less than its final velocity
(b) average velocity of the particle is always greater than its final velocity
(c) average velocity of the particle may be zero
(d) average velocity of the particle is half its final velocity
1
Sol.: s  at 2
2
s 1 1
vavg   at  v
t 2 2
 (d)
M
78. A projectile is thrown horizontally from top of a building of height 10 m with certain
speed (u). At the same time another projectile is thrown from ground 10 m away from
the building with equal speed (u) on the same vertical plane. If they collide after 2s,
then choose the correct options.
(a) the angle of projection for second projectile is 60º and u  10 ms 1
(b) the angle of projection for second projectile is 90º and u  5 ms 1
(c) the angle of projection for second projectile is 60º and u  5 ms 1
(d) the angle of projection for second projectile is 45º and u  10 ms 1
Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

 10
Sol.: u1 / 2  2u cos  / 2  tan   1,  = 90°
2 10

2u cos  2  10 2  u  5 ms 1
2
 (b)
M
79. A very broad elevator is going up vertically with a constant acceleration of 2 m/s2. At
the instant when its velocity is 4 m/s a ball is projected from the floor of the lift with a
speed of
4 m/s relative to the floor at an elevation of 300. The time taken by the ball to return the
floor is (g = 10 m/s2)
1 1 1
(a) s (b) s (c) s (d) 1s
2 3 4
Sol.: u x  4 cos 300  2 3 m/s and u y  4 sin 300  2 m/s
2u y uy 2 1
T    s
12 6 6 3
 (b)
M
80. A projectile can have the same range R for two angles of projection. If t1 and t2 are the
times of flight in the two cases, then
1 1
(a) t1t2  R 2 (b) t1t2  2 (c) t1t2  R (d) t1t 2 
R R
2u sin  2u cos 
Sol.: t1  , t2 
g g
2u 2 sin 2 2
 t1t 2   R
gg g
 t1t 2  R
 (c)
M
 
81. Blocks A and C start from rest and move as shown aA aC
with acceleration a A  12t m/s2 and aC  3 m/s2.
Here t is in seconds. The time when block B again A C
comes to rest is
(a) 2 s (b) 1 s
(c) 3/2 s (d) 1/2 s B

Sol.: Block B again comes to rest when speed of A = speed of C


1
v A  6t 2 , vc  3t , 6t 2  3t , t s
2
 (d)
Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

M
82. A man can row a boat with speed 4 km/hr in still water. If the velocity of water in river
is 3 km/hr. The time taken to reach just opposite end is (river width = 500 m)
500 1
(a) hr (b) hr (c) 100 hr (d) none
7 2 7
1
d 2 1
Sol.: t   hr
u m2  u r2 4 2  32 2 7
 (b)
M
gx 2
83. The equation of projectile is y = 3x . The angle of projection is
2
   
(a)   (b)  = (c)  = (d)  =
6 3 2 12
Sol.: We known the equation of trajectory is
gx 2
y = x tan  –
2u 2 cos 2 
Comparing the equation we get, tan  = 3

 =
3
 (b)
M

84. If r  btiˆ  ct 2 ˆj where b and c are positive constants, the velocity vector make an angle
of 45° with the x and y axes at t equal to
b b c c
(a) (b) (c) (d)
2c c 2b b
  2 ct b
Sol.: r  btiˆ  ct 2 ˆj , v  biˆ  2ctˆj , tan 45° = , t
b 2c
 (a)
M
85. A body is thrown with the velocity vo at an angle  with the horizontal. If the body
remains in air for the time t = 4s, the maximum height reached by the body will be
(a) 9.8 m (b) 19.6 m (c) 20.0 m (d) 78.4 m
2
2u y u gT 2
9.8  (4) 2
Sol.: T , H y  H  = 19.6 m
g 2g 8 8
 (b)

M
86. A horizontal wind is blowing with a velocity v towards north east. A man starts running
towards north with acceleration a. The time, after which man will feel the wind blowing
towards east, is
v 2v v 2v
(a) (b) (c) (d)
a a 2a a
Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

 v ˆ v ˆ y
Sol.: Vw  i j
2 2

Vm  at  ˆj
x
 v ˆ  v 
Vwm  i   at  ˆj
2  2 
v
It appears due east when,  at  0
2
v
 t
2a
 (c)
M
100
87. A particle is moving on a circular path of radius m in such a way that magnitude
19
of its velocity varies with time as v  2t 2  t , where v is velocity in m/s and t is time in
s. The acceleration of the particle at t = 2 s is
(a) 21 m/s2 (b) 9 m/s2 (c) 10 m/s2 (d) 13.5 m/s2
dv v 2 100 19
Sol.: at   4t  1 = 9 m/s2, ar    19 m/s2
dt r 100
anet  9 2   19 
2
 100 = 10 m/s2
 (c)
M
88. Two bodies are projected vertically upwards from one point with the same initial
velocities v0 m/s. The second body is thrown  s after the first. The two bodies meet
after time
v  v v  v
(a) 0  (b) 0   (c) 0  (d) 0  
g 2 g g 2 2g
1
Sol.: Height of first body after time t, h1  v0 t  gt 2
2
1
Height of second body after time (t – ), h2  v0 (t  )  g (t  ) 2
2
v0 
If they meet after time t, h1 = h2   
g 2
 (c)
M

89. A man running uniformly at 8 m/s is 16 m behind a bus when it starts accelerating at 2
ms–2. Time taken by him to board the bus is
(a) 2s (b) 3s (c) 4s (d) 5s
Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

1
Sol.: 16  8t   2t 2 (equation relative to bus)
2
t = 4s
 (c)
M

90. The position of a particle as a function of time is r  4 sin 2t iˆ  4 cos 2t ˆj (where t is
time in second). Path of this particle will be
(a) an ellipse (b) a hyperbola
(c) a circle (d) any other curved path.

Sol.: r  4 sin 2t iˆ  4 cos 2t ˆj
x  4 sin 2t
y  4 cos 2t
x 2  y 2  16 sin 2 2  16 cos 2 2t
x 2  y 2  16
 (c)
M
91. In a car race, car A takes t0 time less to finish than car B and passes the finishing point
with a velocity v0 more than car B. The cars start from rest and travel with constant
v
accelerations a1 and a2. Then the ratio 0 is equal to
t0
a12 a  a2 a 22
(a) (b) 1 (c) a1a2 (d)
a2 2 a1
Sol.: Let s be the distance travelled by each car.
2s 2s
2a1 s  2a2 s  v0 and   t0
a2 a1
v0 a1  a 2
   a1a 2
t0 1 1

a2 a1
 (c)
M
92. Acceleration of a particle moving along a straight line is a function of velocity as
a  2 v . At t  2s, its velocity v  16 ms 1 . Its velocity at t  3s will be
(a) 20 ms 1 (b) 25 ms 1 (c) 30 ms 1 (d)
1
22.5 ms
dv dv
Sol.: a  2 v or  1/ 2   2dt  2v1/ 2  2t  c
dt v
As v  16 ms 1 when t  2s  c  4  v  (t  2) 2
At t = 3 s, v = 25 ms–1
Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

 (b)

M
1 2
93. If a particle is projected from origin and it follows the trajectory y  x  x , then
2
the time of flight is (g = acceleration due to gravity)
1 2 3 4
(a) (b) (c) (d)
g g g g
1 gx 2
Sol.: Equation of trajectory, y  x tan  
2 u 2 cos 2 
tan   1 … (i)
u cos   g … (ii)

2u sin  2 g 2
T  
g g g
 (b)
M
94. A particle A is projected from the ground with an 5 m/s
B
initial velocity of 10 m/s at an angle at 60° with
horizontal. From what height h should another
particle B be projected horizontally with velocity 5 h 10 m/s
m/s so that both the particles collide on ground at
point C if both are projected simultaneously (g = 10 60°
m/s2) A C
(a) 10 m (b) 30 m
(c) 15 m (d) 25 m

Sol.: Horizontal component of velocity of A is 10 cos 60° or 5 m/s which is equal to the
velocity of B in horizontal direction. They will collide at C if time of flight of both the
particles are equal i.e.
tA = tB
2u sin  2h  1 2
  h  gt B 
g g  2 
2u 2 sin 2 
or h=
g
2
 3
2 (10) 
2 

 2  = 15 m
10
 (c)
M
Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

95. A particle moving in a straight line has velocity and displacement equation as v =
4 1  s , where v is in m/s and s is in m. The initial velocity of the particle is
(a) 4 m/s (b) 16 m/s (c) 2 m/s (d) zero
ds
Sol.:  4 1 s
dt
s t
ds
    4dt  2 1  s  4t  s  4t 2  1
0 1 s 0

 v  8t at t  0, v  0
 (d)
M
96. A train starts from station A with uniform acceleration a1 for some distance and then
goes with uniform retardation a2 for some more distance to come to rest at station B.
The distance between A and B is 4 km and the train takes 4 hours to complete this
journey. If acceleration and retardation are in km/ hour2, then
a1 1 1
(a) 4 (b)  2 (c) a1a2  1 (d) none
a2 a1 a 2

Sol.: a1t1  a2t 2 … (i) y


1
t1  t 2 a1t1  4 … (ii)
velocity
2
t1  t 2  4 … (iii)
1 1
 2 x
a1 a2 t2
t1
 (b) time
M
97. Time taken by the projectile to reach form A to u
B
B is t. Then the distance AB is equal to :
ut 3ut 60°
(a) (b) 30°
3 2 A

(c) 3ut (d) 2ut

ut u
Sol.: AB'  u cos 60  t = B
2
AB' 60°
From  ABB cos 30  30°
AB A B
2 AB' 2  ut ut
or AB   
3 2 3 3
 (a)
M
Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

98. A man holds an umbrella at 30º with the vertical to keep himself dry. He, then, runs at
a speed of 10 ms–1 and finds the rain drops to be hitting vertically. Speed of the rain
drops w.r.t. the running man and w.r.t. earth are
(a) 20ms 1 ,10ms 1 (b) 10ms 1 , 20 3ms 1
(c) 10 3ms 1 ,20ms 1 (d) 20ms 1 ,10 3ms 1
Sol.: Velocity of man 
 vm
vm  10ms1 vm = velocity of man
 vre = velocity of rain
vm
Using sin 30º  
vrm
30º vre w.r.t. earth
vre vrm = velocity of rain
vm 10 w.r.t. man
or vre  
sin 30 1 / 2
 20 ms1
v
Again cos 30º  rm
vre
or vrm  vre cos 30
3
 20   10 3 ms 1
2
 (c)
M
99. The maximum height of a projectile for two complementary angles of projection is 50
m and 30 m respectively. The initial speed of projectile is
(a) 10 34 m/s (b) 40 m/s (c) 20 m/s (d) 10 m/s
u sin 
2 2
Sol.: For angle of projection  , H1 
2g
u 2 cos 2 
For angle of projection 90° – , H2 
2g
u2
H1  H 2  u  2g ( H1  H 2 ) = 40 m/s
2g
 (b)
M
100. A boat which has a speed of 5 m/s in still water crosses the river of width 25 m in 10
seconds. The boat is heading at an angle of  with downstream, where  is equal to
(a) 150° (b) 120° (c) 90° (d) 60°
w 25
Sol.: t   10  v
v sin  5 sin  w=25m

1 
sin      30
2
 = 180° –  = 150°
 (a)
Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

M
101. A stone is to hit a point which is at a distance d away and at a B
height h above the point from where the stone is projected. The u
h
value of initial speed u if the stone is projected at an angle  will

be O A
d
g d
(a) (b)
cos  2(d tan   h)
d g
cos  2(d tan   h)
gd 2 gd 2
(c) (d)
h cos 2  ( d  h)
gx 2
Sol.: Equation of trajectory, y  x tan  
2u 2 cos 2 
Here x = d, y = h
gd 2
 h  d tan  
2u 2 cos 2 
gd 2
or u 
2

2(d tan   h) cos 2 


d g
u
cos  2(d tan   h)

 (b)
M

102. A particle moving with uniform retardation along a straight line covers distances a and
b in successive intervals p and q seconds. The acceleration of the particle is
2(aq  bp ) 2(bp  aq ) 2(aq  bp ) 2(aq  bp )
(a) (b) (c) (d)
q( p  q) q( p  q) q( p  q) q( p  q)

Sol.: Let retardation be f and initial velocity be u. A u p B q C


For AB,
1 a b
a  up  fp 2 … (i)
2
1
For AC, a  b  u ( p  q)  f ( p  q) 2 … (ii)
2
1
(a  fp 2 )
2 1
(i) and (ii)  a  b  ( p  q)  f ( p  q) 2
p 2
ab a 1 1 1 1 a ab ap  aq  ap  bp
  fp  fp  fq , fq   
pq p 2 2 2 2 p pq p( p  q)
1 aq  bp 2(aq  bp)
fq  , f 
2 ( p  q) q( p  q)
Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

 (a)
Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

M
103. A bus is beginning to move with an acceleration of 1 m/s2. A boy who is 48 m behind
the bus starts running with constant speed of 10 m/s. The earliest time when the boy
can catch the bus is
(a) 8 sec (b) 10 sec (c) 12 sec (d) 14 sec
Sol.: Initial velocity of boy with respect to bus = 10 ms–1 Boy a = 1 ms–2
–2
acceleration of boy with respect to bus = –1 ms Bus
1 2 u=10 ms–1
s  ut  at
2
1 2
48 m
48  10t  t
2
t  20t  96  0 s
2

t 2  12t  8t  96  0
(t  8)(t  12)  0
t  8s and 12s
 (a)
M
104. A particle has an initial velocity 11 m/s due east and a constant acceleration of 2 m/s2
due west. The distance covered by the particle in sixth second is
(a) zero (b) 0.5 m (c) 1 m (d) 2 m

Sol.: Velocity = 0 at t = 5.5 s. S 6th


= 2 (distance travelled in (5.5)s – distance travelled in 5s) = 0.5 m
 (b)
M
105. The angle which the velocity vector of a projectile thrown with a velocity v at an angle
 to the horizontal will make with the horizontal after time t of its being thrown up is
(a)  (b) tan 1  / t 
 v cos    v sin   gt 
(c) tan 1   (d) tan 1  
 v sin   gt   v cos  
Sol.: According to figure v ' sin 
v'
v' cos   v cos 
v' sin   v sin   gt 
vsin

v ' cos 
v' sin  v sin   gt
 
v' cos  v cos  
 v sin   gt  vcos
  = tan 1  
 v cos  
 (d)
Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

M
106. A stone is allowed to fall from the top of a tower and cover half the height of the
tower in the last second of its journey. The time taken by the stone to reach the foot of
the tower is


(a) 2  2 s  (b) 4s 
(c) 2  2 2 s  (d)
2  2 s
Sol.: Let the full time of flight be t
 g t  1
H 1 2

2 2
1
H  gt 2
2
Solving t  2  2 because 2  2  1
Hence t  2  2 sec
 (d)
M
107. A block loses 20% of his velocity after moving through 108 m. The maximum distance
covered by the block in subsequent motion is (assume uniform retardation)
(a) 49 m (b) 98 m (c) 192 m (d) 384 m

Sol.: 0.8u 2  u 2  2a 108 


1
a    10 2 u 2
6
0  0.8u   2   10 2 u 2 .x 
2 1
x = 192 m
6
 (c)
M
108. A projectile is fired with a velocity u at right angle to a slope, which is inclined at an
angle  with the horizontal. The range of the projectile on the incline is
2u 2 sin  2u 2 u2 2u 2
(a) (b) tan sec  (c) sin 2 (d) tan 
g g g g
Sol.: Let projectile strikes the plane at B, and its time of flight is T,
1
y  u yt  ayt 2
2
g cos  T 2
0  uT 
2
2u Y
T u
g cos 
A R
1
R  AB  u x T  a xT 2 gcos gsin
B
2 
X
Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

1
R a xT 2
2
1 4u 2
R  g sin  2
2 g cos 2 
2u 2
R tan  sec 
g
 (b)
M
109. The velocity of a particle that moves in the positive x-
direction varies with its position (x) as shown in figure. 15

v(ms–1)
Its acceleration at x = 6 m is 10

75 5 5
(a)  m/s2 (b)  m/s2 x(m)
4 4 2 4 6 8 10
25 125
(c)  m/s2 (d)  m/s2
2 8

dv 5
Sol.: At x = 6m, v = 12.5 m/s and 
dx 4
dv 5 125
a ( x  6 m) = v  12.5  =  m/s2
dx 4 8
 (d)
M
110. A particle is projected with a speed of 40 m/s at an angle of 60° with the horizontal. At
what height speed of particle becomes half of initial speed (g = 10 m/s2).
(a) 30 m (b) 45 m (c) 37.5 m (d) 60 m
Sol.: At maximum height speed becomes half of initial speed,
u 2 sin 2  (40) 2  sin 2 60 1600  3 / 4
So, height = H  = = = 60 m
2g 2 10 20
 (d)
M
111. A particle is projected vertically upward with a speed of 100 m/s. The distance travelled
by the particle in first fifteen seconds is (g = 10 m/s2)
(a) 375 m (b) 625 m (c) 750 m (d) 500 m
u
Sol.: Time to reach at maximum height = = 10 sec
g
u2 1
hence, distance =  g (5) 2 = 500 + 125 = 625 m
2g 2
Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

 (b)
M
2
112. The velocity of a projectile, when it is at the greatest height, is times its velocity
5
when it is at half of its greatest height. The angle of projection is
2
(a) 300 (b) 450 (c) tan 1 (d) 600
3
Sol.: At maximum height v1  v cos 

At half of maximum height v2  v 2 cos2   v y 


2

v 2 sin 2  v sin 
2 2
H
For vvertical v y2  v 2 sin 2   2 g  v 2 sin 2   g 
2 2g 2
v1 2
  tan   3 ,  = 600
v2 5

 (d)
M
113. In the figure, the pulley P moves to the right with a B P
constant speed u. The downward speed of A is vA and the u
speed of B to the right is vB.
(a) v B  v A (b) v B  u  v A
(c) vB  u  v A A
(d) the two blocks have accelerations of the different magnitude.
Sol.: At any instant of time, let the length of the string BP = l1 and the length PA = l2. In a
further time t, let B move to the right by x and A move down by y, while P moves to the
right by ut. As the length of the string must remain constant.
l1  l 2  l1  x  ut   l 2  y 
or x  ut  y
 
or xu y
 
x = speed of B to the right  v B , y = downward speed of A = vA
 vB  u  v A .
 
Also vB  vA or aB  a A
 (b)
M
114. The initial velocity of a particle moving along a straight line is 12 ms –1 and its
retardation is
3 ms–2. The distance moved by the particle in the fourth second of its motion is
(a) 1.5 m (b) 22.5 m (c) 24 m (d) 72 m
Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

1 1
Sol.: S nth  u  a(2n  1) , S 4th  12  (3)( 2  4  1) , S 4th = 1.5 m
2 2
 (a)
M
115. A pebble is thrown vertically upwards from a bridge with an initial velocity of 10 ms–
1
. It strikes water after 5s. The height of the bridge is (g = 10 m/s2)
(a) 25 m (b) 50 m (c) 75 m (d) 200 m
1
Sol.: h = ut  gt 2
2
Considering downward as positive u = –10 m/s, g = 10 m/s2 , t = 5 s
1
h = – 10 × 5 +  10  25 , h = 75 m
2
 (c)
M
116. A road is 5 m wide. Its radius of curvature is 20 6 m. The outer edge is above the inner
edge by a distance of 1 m. This road is most suited for a speed (g = 10 ms–2)
(a) 10 ms–1 (b) 10 5 ms–1 (c) 100 ms–1 (d) 40 6 ms–1
v2
Sol.: tan   5m
1m
rg 
v  rg tan  2 6
1
v  20 6  10  = 10 m/s
2 6
 (a)
M
117. A car is moving on a circular path of radius 100 m. Its speed v is changing with time as
v = 2t2, where v in ms–1 and t in second. The acceleration of car at t = 5s is approximately
(a) 20 ms–1 (b) 25 ms–1 (c) 30 ms–1 (d) 32 ms–1

Sol.: v  2t 2 , r = 100 m
dv at =dv/dt
at   4t
dt ac =v2/r
at (t = 5s) = 20 ms–2
v (t = 5s) = 50 ms–1
v 2 50  50
ac (t  5 s)   = 25 ms–2
r 100
a  ac2  at2  1025  32 ms–1
 (d)
M
v
118. The projectiles A and B thrown with velocities v and have the same range. If B is
2
thrown at an angle of 15° to the horizontal, A must have been thrown at an angle
Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

1 1 1 1 1


(a) sin–1   (b) sin–1   (c) 2 sin–1   (d) sin 1  
 16  4 4 2 8

v 2 sin 2
Sol.: For projectile A, R … (i)
g
v sin( 2 15)
2
For projectile B, R
4g
v2
R … (ii)
8g
v 2
v 2 sin 2
From (i) and (ii) 
8g g
1 1
   sin 1  
2 8
 (d)
M
119. A swimmer wishes to cross a 800 m wide river flowing at 6 km/hr. His speed with
respect to water is 4 km/hr. He crosses the river in shortest possible time. He is drifted
downstream on reaching the other bank by a distance of
(a) 800 m (b) 1200 m (c) 400 13 m (d) 2000 m

w 0 .8
Sol.: For shortest time, t  = 0.2 hr
vm 4
Drift = vr × t = 6 × 0.2 = 1.2 km = 1200 m
 (b)
M
120. A particle is projected with velocity u at an angle of 45°
with the horizontal on an inclined plane inclined at an 45°
angle  
( < 45°) as shown in figure. If particle hits the inclined
plane horizontally, then

1 1 1
(a) tan   (b) tan   1 (c) tan   (d) tan  
4 2 3

u 2 sin 2 45
2g
Sol.: tan   2 (if particle hits the inclined plane horizontally)
u sin 90
2g
1
tan  
2
 (c)
Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

M
121. The velocity-displacement graph of a particle is as v
shown in figure. The acceleration of the particle when 15m/s
displacement is 100 m will be
3m/s
(a) 1.3 m/s2 (b) 1 m/s2 s
2 2
120m
(c) 1 m/s (d) 0.13 m/s

1
Sol.: The equation of velocity is v  s3
10
dv  1  1  1 3
av   s  3   , a  s
ds  10  10  100 10
 (a)
M
122. From a canon mounted on a wagon at height H from v0
ground, a shell is fired horizontally with a velocity v0
with respect to canon. The canon and wagon has H
combined mass M and can move freely on the
horizontal surface. The horizontal distance between
shell and canon when the shell touches the ground is

2H v0 m 2H v0 M 2H v0 m 2H
(a) v0 (b) (c) (d)
g M m g M m g M g

2H
Sol.: x rel  u xr el t = v0
g
 (a)
M
123. A boat, which has a speed of 5 km/h in still water, crosses a river of width 1 km along
the shortest possible path in 15 minutes. The velocity of the river water in kilometers per
hour is
(a) 1 (b) 3 (c) 4 (d) 41
Sol.: The swimmer must swim as shown
5
v km/min
60 d v v sin
1 1 5 1 
15  or v sin  = or sin  = v cos u
v sin  15 60 15
4
 sin  =
5
3 5 3 1
cos  = and u = v cos  =   km/min = 3 km/h
5 60 5 20
 (b)
Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

M
124. Six particles situated at the corners of a regular hexagon of side a move at a constant
speed v. Each particle maintains a direction towards the particle at the next corner.
Calculate the time the particles will take to meet each other
a a 2a 2a
(a) (b) (c) (d)
2v v v 3v
v v
Sol.: Velocity of approach = v  
2 2
v
initial separation 2a
 time taken = =
velocity of approach v 60° v
 (c)
M
125. A ball is dropped from the roof of a tower of height h. The total distance covered by it
in the last second of its motion is equal to the distance covered by it in first three
seconds. The value of h in meters is (g = 10 m/s2)
(a) 125 (b) 200 (c) 100 (d) 80
Sol.: Let the ball remained in air for n seconds.
Then, S n  u 
g
2n  1  0  10 2n  1
2 2
S n  10 n  5 ------- (1)
The distance covered in first three seconds is also Sn.
1
Here S n  gt 2 
1
1032  45 ------- (2)
2 2
From (1) and (2) n = 5  h
1
1052  125 m
2
 (a)

M
126. Two seconds after projection, a projectile is traveling in a direction inclined at 30° to
the horizontal and after one more second, it is traveling horizontally. The initial angle
of projection with the horizontal is
1
(a) 30° (b) 45° (c) sin 1 (d) 60°
3

u sin   g (2) u sin 


Sol.: tan 30  and 3
u cos  g
2u sin 
u sin  
3 1 1
tan 30  ,  tan     60
u cos  3 3
 (d)
Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

M
127. The velocity of a particle varies with time as v  t 2  t , where v is velocity in m/s and
t is time in second. The time for which particle performs retarding motion is
1 1 1
(a) t  (b) t  1 (c)  t 1 (d) t  and t > 1
2 2 2
Sol.: v  t2 t
Velocity reverses its direction at t = 1 sec.
Acceleration (a) = 2t – 1
1
Acceleration reverses its direction at t = s ec
2
 (c)

M
128. A car starting from rest is accelerated at constant rate until it attains a constant speed v.
It is then retarded at a constant rate until it comes to rest. Considering that the car moves
with constant speed for half of the time of total journey, the average speed of the car
for the journey is
v 3v 3v
(a) (b) (c) (d) data
4 4 2
insufficient
1 t t
 v  v
3v
Sol.: v avg  2 2 2 
t 4
 (b)

M
 
129. A particle moves along an arbitrary path on a plane surface. If v and a are the

d |v |
instantaneous velocity and acceleration vectors of the particle, then is
dt
   
  |v a | | v a |
(a) | a | (b) a (c)  (d) 
|v | |v |

d |v |
Sol.: is the tangential acceleration.
dt
 (d)
Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

M
130. A thin rod AB is moving in a vertical plane. At a certain vB
instant when the rod is inclined at 600 to the horizontal, the
point A is moving horizontally with 3 m/s while B is B
moving in vertical direction. The velocity of B is
1 600
(a) m/s (b) 3 m/s A vA
3
3
(c) 2 3 m/s (d) m/s
2
3 3
Sol.: v B cos 30 0  v A cos 60 0 ; vB  ; v B  3 m/s
2 2
 (b)
M
131. A particle is moving in positive x– direction with initial velocity of 10 m/s and uniform
retardation such that it reaches the initial position after 10s. The distance traversed by
the particle in 6 seconds is
(a) 24 m (b) 25 m (c) 26 m (d) 27 m
1 2
Sol.: s  ut  at  a  2 ms  2
2
Particle come to rest after 5 seconds
 Distance travelled in 6 seconds = magnitude of displacement in 5 seconds +
magnitude of displacement in 6th second = 25 + 1 = 26 m
 (c)
M
132. A ball is projected vertically upwards such that it attains a height of h after 5s and 9s of
its motion. The speed of projection is (g = 10 ms–2)
(a) 20 ms–1 (b) 50 ms–1 (c) 35 ms–1 (d) 70 ms–1
1 2
Sol.: h  ut  gt , h  ut  5t 2  5t 2  ut  h  O
2
u
 t1  t 2  , u  5(t1  t 2 )  70 ms 1
5
 (d)
M
133. A boy throws a water–filled balloon at an angle of 53° with a speed of 10 m/s. A car is
advancing toward the boy at a constant speed of 5 m/s. If the balloon is to hit the car,
how far away should the car be when the balloon is thrown? (g = 10 ms–2)
(a) 8 m (b) 9.6 m (c) 15.6 m (d) 17.6 m

4
2 10 
2u sin  5  8s
Sol.: T 
g 10 5
Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

4 3 u = 10 ms–1
100  2  
u sin 2
2
5 5  48 m
OB  R   53°
g 10 5 O R B A
8
AB   5  8 m
5
48
OA  OB  AB   8  17.6 m
5
 (d)

M
134. A body is projected at an angle  with velocity 10 m/s. Its direction of motion makes
an angle of /2 from horizontal after t seconds (g = 10 ms–2), where t is.
   
(a) tan (b) cot (c) sin (d) cos
2 2 2 2
 vy  u y  gt 10 sin   10t
Sol.: tan  , tan  
2 vx 2 4x 10 cos 
  
 (2 cos 2  1) 
   2 
t  sin   cos  tan , t  sin 2 cos   , t  tan
2 2 2   2
cos
 2 
 (a)

M
135. A particle moves along x-axis as x  4(t  2)  a(t  2) 2 . Which of the following is true?
(a) The initial velocity of particle is 4 (b) The acceleration of particle is 2a
(c) The particle is at origin at t = 0 (d) none of these.
Sol.: x  4(t  2)  a(t  2) 2
dx
At t = 0, x = –8 + 4a = 4a – 8, v  4  2a (t  2)
dt
At t = 0, v = 4 – 4a = 4(1 – a)
d 2x
But acceleration, a  2 = 2a
dt
 (b)
M
136. A body starts from origin and moves along x axis such that at any instant velocity is vt
= 4t3 – 2t where t is in second and vt is in ms–1. The acceleration of the particle when it
is 2 m from the origin is
(a) 28 ms–2 (b) 22 ms–2 (c) 12 ms–2 (d) 10 ms–2
Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

dxt
v1  4t 3  2t   4t 3  2t   dx  4t dt   2t dt 
3
Sol.: 1
dt
xt  t 4  t 2

Since, xt  2m  t4 t2  2  0  t  2s
dvt
at   12t 2  2  22 ms – 2
dt
 (b)
M
137. A driver applies the brakes on seeing traffic signal 400 m ahead. At the time of applying
the brakes the vehicle was moving with 15 m s–1 and retarding with 0.3 m s–2. The
distance of the vehicle after 1 minute from the traffic light is
(a) 25 m (b) 375 m (c) 360 m (d) 40 m

Sol.: The maximum distance covered by the vehicle before coming to rest
v2 (15) 2
   375 m.
2a 2  0.3
v 15
The corresponding time = t    50 sec.
a 0.3
Therefore after 50 sec, the distance covered by the vehicle = 375 m, from the instant of
beginning of braking.
The distance of the vehicle from the traffic signal after one minute = (400 – 375) m =
25 m.
 (a)
M
138. A particle is released from rest from a tower of height 3 h. The ratio of times to fall
equal height h i.e., t1 : t2 : t3 is
(a) 3 : 2 :1 (b) 3 : 2 : 1
(c) 9 : 4 : 1 (d) 1 : ( 2  1) : ( 3  2 )

1 2 1 1
Sol.: h gt1 ; 2h  g (t1  t 2 ) 2 and 3h  g (t1  t 2  t 3 ) 2
2 2 2
i.e., t1 : (t1  t 2 ) : (t1  t 2  t3 )  1 : 2 : 3

or t1 : t 2  t3  1 : ( 2  1) : ( 3  2 )
 (d)
Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

M
139. A bus is moving with a velocity 10 ms–1 on a straight road. A scooterist wishes to
overtake the bus in 100 s. If the bus is at a distance of 1 km from the scooterist, with
what velocity should the scooterist chase the bus ?
(a) 50 m s–1 (b) 40 m s–1 (c) 30 m s–1 (d) 20 m s–1
Sol.: Let the velocity of the scooter be v ms–1. Then
(v  10)100  1000 or v  20 m s –1
 (d)
M
140. The maximum height attained by a projectile is increased by 5%, keeping the angle of
projection constant. The corresponding percentage increase in horizontal range will be
(a) 5% (b) 10% (c) 15% (d) 20%

Sol.: If h be the maximum height attained by the projectile then


R 2 sin  cos 
h  u sin  and R  u sin 2 ,
2 2 2
  4 cot 
2g g h (sin 2 ) / 2
R h
Therefore  (if  is constant)
R h
 Percentage increase in R = percentage increase in h = 5%
 (a)

M
141. A particle can be projected with a given speed in two possible ways so as to make it pass
through a point at a distance r from the point of projection. The product of the times taken
to reach this point in the two possible ways is then proportional to
1 1 1
(a) r (b) (c) 2 (d) 3
r r r
2v sin  2v cos  2(v 2 sin 2)
Sol.: T1  and T2  , T1T2  or T1T2  r
g g gg
 (a)
M
142. A motorcyclist starts from the bottom of a slope of Q
angle 45º to cross the valley PR as shown in the figure. P R
The width of the valley is 90m and length of the slope
is 80 2 m. The minimum velocity at point O required 45º
to clear the valley will be O
(a) 70m/ s (b) 30m/ s
(c) 50m/ s (d) 100m/ s
Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

u2 u2
Sol.: R sin 2 
g g
Velocity of take off at P or u  Rg  90 10  30m / s
v  u 2  2 g sin S [v  velocity at point O]
1
 (30) 2  2  10   80 2  50m / s
2
 (c)

M
143. A ball is thrown vertically upwards with a speed of 10 m/s from the top of a tower 200 m
high and another is thrown vertically downwards with the same speed simultaneously.
The time difference between them in reaching the ground in seconds (g = 10ms2) is
(a) 12 (b) 6 (c) 2 (d) 1
24 2  10
Sol.: t    2 sec
g 10
 (c)

M
3 2
144. The equation of motion of a projectile is y  12 x  x . Given that g = 10 ms–2, what is
4
the range of the projectile?
(a) 12 m (b) 16 m (c) 30 m (d) 36 m

Sol.: Vs / g  15m / sec


v(t  2)  15  10  2  5m / sec
 (b)
M
145. Acceleration-time graph of a particle, starting from rest in straight
line, is shown in adjacent figure, then a
(a) displacement of particle will first increases then decreases.
(b) velocity of the particle will first increases then decreases.
(c) displacement of particle continuously increases.
t
(d) speed of the particle first increases in a direction then becomes
zero and finally increases in opposite direction.
Sol.: Acceleration is positive through out the motion.
 (c)
Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

M
146. A particle is projected from ground with velocity 40 2 m/s at 45°. At time t = 2 s:
(a) displacement of particle is 100 m
(b) vertical component of velocity is 30 m/s
(c) velocity makes an angle of tan–1 (2) with horizontal
(d) particle is at height of 80 m from ground

Sol.: u x  40 m/s , u y  40 m/s


At t = 2 s.
v x  40 m/s and v y  40  10  2  20 m/s
x = vx t = 80 m
1
y  u y t  gt 2  60 m
2
 s  x 2  y 2  100 m
 vy 
  tan 1  
1
  tan 1 
 vx  2
 (a)
M
147. A stone is dropped from a height h. Simultaneously, another stone is thrown up from
the ground which reaches a height 4 h. The two stones cross each other after time
h h
(a) (b) (c) 2hg (d) 8hg
2g 8g
Sol.: If u is the initial speed of the second stone, then
0  u 2  2 g (4h)
or u  8gh A
If they meet at the height x from ground,
1 u=0 h –x
For A, h  x  gt 2
2 A B
1 h
For B, x  ( 8 gh ) t  gt 2
2
x u
 h  8gh t
B
h
or t
8g
 (b)
M
1 2
148. The equation of trajectory of an oblique projectile is y  x  x . The time period of
2
projectile will be
2 3 4 2 2
(a) (b) (c) (d)
g g g g
Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

1 2 gx 2
Sol.: Compare the given equation y  x  x with y  x tan   ,
2 2u 2 cos 2 
2u sin  2
  = 45°, u  2 g , T  
g g
 (a)
M
149. A ball is thrown vertically upwards from the ground. It crosses a point at the height of
25 m twice at an interval of 4 second. The ball was thrown with the velocity of (g = 10
m/s2)
(a) 20 m/s (b) 25 m/s (c) 30 m/s (d) 35 m/s

1 2
Sol.: h  ut  gt  25  ut  5t 2
2
u
5t 2  ut  25  0  t1  t 2  ; t1t 2  5
5
(t1  t 2 ) 2  (t1  t 2 ) 2  4t1t 2
u2 u
16   20   6  u = 30 m/s
25 5
 (c)
M
150. A body is in rectilinear motion with an acceleration given by a = 2v3/2. If particle starts
its motion from origin with a velocity of 4 ms–1, the position x of the particle at an
instant in terms of v can be given as
1 1
(a)  x (b) v  x  2 (c) v  x (d) v  2 x  1
v 2
v x
dv dv
a  2v  v  2v 3 / 2  4 2v1/ 2  0 dx
3/ 2
Sol.:
dx
  v v
4  x 0
x
 v 2 x  v  x2
 (b)

M
151. The two ends of a train moving with constant acceleration pass a certain point with
velocities u and v. The velocity with which the middle point of the train passes the same
point is
uv u 2  v2 u 2  v2
(a) (b) (c) (d) uv
2 2 2
l
Sol.: v2 – u2 = 2al and v'2 – u2 = 2a = al or 2(v'2 – u2) = 2al
2
v2  u 2 v2  u 2 v2  u 2
Equating, 2(v'2 – u2) = v2 – u2 or v'2 = u2 +  or v' =
2 2 2
 (c)
Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

M
152. A rubber ball is dropped from a height of 5 metres on a plane where the acceleration
due to gravity is not known. On bouncing, it rises to a height of 1.8 m. On bouncing,
the ball loses its velocity by a factor of
3 9 2 16
(a) (b) (c) (d)
5 25 5 25
v1  v2 v 2 g  1.8 3 2
Sol.: Fractional loss in velocity = = 1 2 1 = 1  .
v1 v1 2g  5 5 5
 (c)

M
153. A body starts from rest with uniform acceleration and remains in motion for n
seconds. If its final velocity after n second is v, then its displacement in the last two
seconds will be
2v(n  1) v(n  1) v(n  1) 2v(n  1)
(a) (b) (c) (d)
n n n n
v
Sol.:  v = 0 + na  a
n
 displacement in last two seconds,
1 1
= S n  S n2  an2  a(n  2) 2
2 2
=
a 2
2
 a

n  (n  2) 2  [n  (n  2)][n  (n  2)]
2
v 2v(n  1)
= a(2n  2)  (2n  2) 
n n
 (d)
M
154. A body is moving from rest under constant acceleration and let S1 be the displacement
in the first (p – 1) sec and S2 be the displacement in the first p sec. The displacement in
( p 2  p  1) th sec will be
S1
(a) S1  S 2 (b) S1 S 2 (c) S1  S 2 (d)
S2

Sol.: S1 
1
2
2 1
2
1
2
  
a p  1 , S 2  ap 2 ; S  a 2 p 2  p  1  1 = S1  S 2

 (a)
M
155. A projectile is fired vertically upwards with an initial velocity u. After an interval of T
seconds a second projectile is fired vertically upwards, also with initial velocity u. The
correct statement is
u u T
(a) They meet at time t  (b) They meet at time t  
g g 2
Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

u T
(c) They meet at time t   (d) They never meet.
g 2
1
Sol.: For first projectile, h1  ut  gt 2
2

For second projectile, h2  u t  T  


1
g (t  T ) 2
2
When both meet i.e. h1  h2
1 1 1 2 u T
ut  gt 2  u(t  T )  g (t  T ) 2  uT  gT  gtT  t 
2 2 2 g 2
 (b)
M
156. A stone is projected from the ground with velocity 50 m/s at an angle of 30°. It crosses
a wall after 3 sec. How far beyond the wall the stone will strike the ground (g = 10m/s2)
(a) 90.2 m (b) 89.6 m (c) 86.6 m (d) 70.2 m
2u sin  2  50  1
Sol.: Total time of flight =   5s
g 2  10
Time to cross the wall = 3 s (given)
Time in air after crossing the wall = (5  3) = 2s
3
 Distance traveled beyond the wall = (u cos )t  50   2 = 86.6 m
2
 (c)
M
157. A particle is projected vertically upwards from a point A on the ground. It takes time t1
to reach a point B, but it still continues to move up. If it takes further t2 time to reach
the ground from point B. Then height of point B from the ground is
1 1 1
(a) g (t1  t 2 ) 2 (b) gt1t 2 (c) g (t1  t 2 ) 2 (d) gt1t 2
2 8 2
t t
Sol.: Time taken for the particle to reach the highest point is 1 2 .
2
t t 
Therefore, initial vertical velocity of the particle is: u  g  1 2 
 2 
Therefore, height of B from the ground is
1 t t  1 2 1
h  ut1  gt12  g  1 2 t1  gt1 or h  gt1t 2
2  2  2 2
 (d)
M
158. Two particles start moving from the same point along the same straight line. The first
moves with constant velocity v and the second with constant acceleration a. During the
time that elapses before the second catches the first, the greatest distance between the
particles is
Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

v2 v2 2v 2 v2
(a) (b) (c) (d)
a 2a a 4a
Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

Sol.: Let x be the distance between the particles after t seconds.


1
Then x  vt  at 2 … (i)
2
dx v
For x to be maximum ,  0 or t 
dt a
From (i), we get
v2
x
2a
 (b)

M
159. A balloon rises from rest with a constant acceleration g / 8 . A stone is released from it
when it has risen to height h. The time taken by the stone to reach the ground is
h h 2h h
(a) 4 (b) 2 (c) (d)
g g g g

g gh
Sol.: The velocity of balloon at height h, v  2 h =
8 4
gh
When the stone released from this balloon, it will go upward with velocity v 
4
(Same as that of balloon).
gh 1
h t  gt 2
4 2
gt 2  gh t  2h  0
h
 t2
g
 (b)
M
160. Two particles A and B are projected vB= 10 3 m/s
simultaneously in the directions shown in figure vA=25m/s
with velocities v A  25m/s and v B  10 3 m/s. If
 60°
they collide in air after 2s, the angle  is x

(a) 30° (b) 45° (c) 53° (d) 37°

Sol.: For collision, vB= 10 3 m/s

vA sin  = vB sin 60° vA=25m/s

3  60°
25 sin  = 10 3  x
2
Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

3
sin  =
5
or = 37°
 (d)

M
161. A particle is moving in a circle of radius 1 m with speed varying with time as v = (2t)
m/s. In first 2 s
(a) distance traveled by the particle is 2 m
(b) displacement of the particle is (2 sin 2) m
(c) average speed of the particle is 1 m/s
(d) average velocity of the particle is zero

2 2
Sol.: Distance =  v dt   2t dt = 4 m
0 0
4
Average speed = = 2 m/s
2
2
v
   (2t ) rad/s ,  =   dt = 4 rad
R 0

 Displacement = 2 R sin = (2 sin 2) m
2
Average velocity = sin 2 m/s
 (b)
M
162. A particle is projected upwards with a velocity of 100 m/s at an angle of 37° with the
vertical. The time when the particle will move perpendicular to its initial direction is (g =
10 m/s2, tan 53° = 4/3)
(a) 10 s (b) 12.5 s (c) 15 s (d) 16 s

Sol.: u cos 53  v cos 37


3 4
 100   v   v  75 m/s
5 5
v y  v sin 37  45 m/s u=100m/s
37°
u y  u sin 53  80 m/s 53° 37°
v
v y  u y  gt   45  80  10t
t  12.5 s
 (b)
Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

DIFFICULT QUESTIONS

D
163. The displacement x of a particle varies with time t as x  aet  bet , where a, b,  and
 are positive constants. The velocity of the particle will
(a) be independent of  (b) drop to zero when   
(c) go on decreasing with time (d) go on increasing with time
Sol.: (d)
D
164. Two particles start simultaneously from the same point and move along two straight
lines, one with uniform velocity v and other with a uniform acceleration a. If  is the
angle between the lines of motion of two particles then the least value of magnitude of
relative velocity will be at time given by
v v v v
(a) sin  (b) cos  (c) tan  (d) cot 
a a a a

Sol.: (b)
D
165. A particle moves along the parabolic path y = ax2 in such a way that the x component
of the velocity remains constant, say c. The acceleration of the particle is
(a) ackˆ (b) 2ac 2 ˆj (c) 2 ac 2 kˆ (d) a 2 cˆj
dy dx d2y dx
Sol.: y  ax 2 ,  a(2 x)  2acx , 2
 2ac  2ac 2
dt dt dt dt
 
a y  2ac 2 , ax  0 , a  a x iˆ  a y ˆj  a  2ac 2 ˆj
 (b)
D
166. A car starts from rest from origin an straight line with an acceleration (a) given by the
25
relation a  , where a is in m/s2 and x is in metre. The maximum velocity of
( x  2) 3
the car will be (x is the position of the car)
(a) 2.5 m/s (b) 5 m/s (c) 10 m/s (d) Infinite
x
dv 25 v2  1  1 1 
Sol.: a= v  ,  25   2
, v 2  25   2
dx ( x  2) 3 2  2( x  2)  o  4 ( x  2) 

1 1  5
v  25   2
, vmax   2.5 m/s (at x = )
 4 ( x  2)  2

 (a)
Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

D
167. If position (in meter) of a particle moving in straight line is given by x  t 2  2t  1
(where t is time in second). The distance travelled by particle in first two second is
(a) zero (b) 2 m (c) 4 m (d) 3 m
dx
Sol.:  2t  2  0  t = 1, So, xt 0  1 m, xt 1s  0 , xt  2  1m
dt
Total distance = 2m
 (b)
D
168. A ball thrown upward from the top of tower with speed v reaches the ground in t1 second.
If this ball is thrown downward from the top of the same tower with speed v it reaches
the ground in t 2 second. In what time the ball shall reach the ground if it is allowed to
fall freely under gravity from the top of the tower?
t1  t 2 t1  t 2
(a) (b) (c) t1t2 (d) t1  t2
2 2

1 2
Sol.: h  vt1  gt1
2
1
h  vt2  gt22
2
1
and h  gt 2
2
Solve to get t  t1t2
 (c)
D
169. A glass wind screen whose inclination with the vertical can be changed is mounted on
a car. The car moves horizontally with a speed of 2m/s. At what angle  with the vertical
should the wind screen be placed so that rain drops falling vertically downwards with
velocity 6 m/s strike the wind screen perpendicularly?
1 1
(a) tan 1   (b) tan 1 (3) (c) cos 1 (3) (d) sin 1  
 3 3
  
Sol.: Velocity of rain with respect to car vRC  v R  vC 
vC = 2m/s
should be perpendicular to the wind screen.  90°
From figure,  wind screen

v 6 vRC 
tan   r  vR =6m/s
vc 2
  tan 1 (3)
 (b)
Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

D
170. Figure shows a hemisphere and a supported
rod. Hemisphere is moving right with a
R
uniform velocity v2 and the end of rod which is v1  v2
in contact with ground is moving left with a
velocity v1. The rate at which the angle  is
decreasing will be

(v1  v2 ) sin 2  (v1  v2 ) tan  (v1  v2 ) cos 2  (v1  v2 ) cot 


(a) (b) (c) (d)
R cos  R cos  R sin  sin 

dx
Sol.:  v1  v2
dt R
v1  v2
R
sin  = x
x

x = R cosec 
dx d
= – R cosec  cot 
dt dt
d  (v1  v 2 ) sin 2 
 (–ve sign shows that  decreasing with time)
dt R cos 
 (a)
D
171. A particle is thrown with a speed of 12 m/s at an angle 60° with the horizontal. The
time interval between the moments when its speed is 10 m/s is (g = 10 m/s2)
(a) 1.0 s (b) 1.2 s (c) 1.4 s (d) 1.6 s
Sol.: vH  u cos   6

vv  v 2  u 2 cos 2   8
u sin   8
t1 
10
u sin   8
t2 
10
8 2
t 2  t1   1.6 s
10
 (d)
Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

D
172. A particle is thrown horizontally from the top of a tower of height H. The angle made
by velocity of particle before hitting the ground is 45° with the horizontal. What is the
horizontal range of particle?
(a) H (b) 2H (c) 3H (d) 4H
1 2
Sol.: gt  H … (i)
2
gt  v y …(ii)
vx  v y
Range = u x t  v y t  gt 2  2H
 (b)

D
173. A ball is dropped vertically from a height d above the ground. It hits the ground and
bounces up vertically to a height d/2. Neglecting subsequent motion and air resistance,
its velocity v varies with the height h above the ground as
v v v
d d d
(a) h (b) h (c) h (d)

v
d
h

Sol.: The graph will be parabolic and in downward motion velocity will be negative and
upward motion velocity will be positive
 (a)

D
174. Two particles A and B are separated from each other by a distance l. At time t = 0,
particle A starts moving with uniform acceleration a along a line perpendicular to the
initial line joining A and B. At the same moment, particle B starts moving with
acceleration of constant magnitude b (> a) such that particle B always points towards
the instantaneous position of A. The distance travelled by B till the moment B
converges with A will be
b 2l a 2l (b 2  a 2 ) l (b 2  a 2 ) l
(a) (b) (c) (d)
b2  a2 b2  a2 b2  a2 b2  a2
Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

Sol.: Let after time t, the velocity of particle B is A a  v


directed at an angle  with the horizontal, then vB
A

ds 
  bt  at cos  l
dt
0 t t
   ds  b  tdt  a  t cos  dt
l 0 0
B
t
1 2 bt 2 a 2 t 2
and at  b  t cos  dt  l 
2 0
2 2b

2bl 1 2 1 2bl b 2l
t , S  bt  b 
b2  a 2 2 2 b2  a2 b2  a2
 (a)

D
175. Two trains A and B are moving on same track in opposite direction with velocity 25
m/s and 15m/s respectively. When separation between them becomes 225 m, drivers of
both the trains apply brakes producing uniform retardation in train A while retardation
of train B increases linearly with time at the rate of 0.3 m/s3. The minimum retardation
of train A to avoid collision will be
(a) 2 m/s2 (b) 2.5 m/s2 (c) 2.25 m/s2 (d) 2.75 m/s2
0 t
dv
Sol.: For train B,   0.3t ,   dv  0.3 t dt  t = 10 s
dt 15 0

In this 10 s, the train B travels a distance of 100 m.


Train A can travel a distance of 125 m before coming to rest.
v 2  u 2  2as , a  2.5 m/s 2
 (b)

D
176. A 2m wide truck is moving with a uniform speed v0 =
8 m/s along a straight horizontal road. A pedestrian
starts to cross the road with a uniform speed v when the 2m Truck v0 v
truck is 4 m away from him. The minimum value of v
so that he can cross the road safely is man
4m
(a) 2.62 m/s (b) 4.6 m/s (c) 3.57 m/s (d) 1.414 m/s
Sol.: For safe crossing, the condition is that the man A C
must cross the road by the time the truck covers the 2m Truck v0 v
distance 4 + AC or 4 + 2cot  
B
4  2 cot  2 / sin 
  4m
8 v
Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

8
or v …(i)
2 sin   cos 
dv
For minimum v, 0  tan  = 2
d
8
From equation (i), vmin  = 3.57 m/s
5
 (c)

D
177. A river is flowing with a speed of 1 km/hr. A swimmer B C
wants to go to point C starting from A. He swims with a 1 km/h
speed of
5 km/hr with respect to river flow at angle  as shown. 
A
If
AB = BC = 400 m, the value of  is
(a) 37° (b) 30° (c) 53° (d) 45°

AB 0.4
Sol.: Time to cross river (t) = 
v mr sin  5 sin 
BC  (vmr cos   vr ) t
0.4
 0.4  (5 cos   1)   5 sin   5 cos   1
5 sin 
 25 sin 2   25 cos 2   50 sin  cos   1  25 sin 2  24
24
 sin 2    = 53°
25
 (c)

D
178. An aeroplane is rising vertically with acceleration f. Two stones are dropped from it at
an interval of time t. The distance between them at time t after the second stone is
dropped will be
1 1 1
(a) ( g  f )tt (b) ( g  f )(t  2t )t (c) ( g  f )(t  t ) 2 (d)
2 2 2
1
( g  f )(t  t ) 2
2
1
Sol.: The displacement between first stone and aeroplane after t second (h1 )  ( g  f )t 2
2
After time t,
Velocity of aeroplane  u  ft
Velocity of first stone  u  gt
Where u is velocity of aeroplane when first stone is dropped.
The relative speed of second stone with respect to first stone  (u  ft)  (u  gt )
Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

 ( g  f )t
The relative displacement between first and second stone after time t(h2 )
 ( g  f )tt
1 1
h1  h2  ( g  f )t 2  ( g  f )tt  ( g  f )(t  2t )t
2 2
 (b)
Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

D
 
179. Two particles 1 and 2 move with constant velocities v1 and v2 . At the initial moment their
 
radius vectors are equal to r1 and r2 . The relation between four vectors so that the
particles collide will be
       
r r v v r r v v
(a) 1 2  1 2 (b) 1 2  2 1
| r1  r2 | | v1  v2 | | r1  r2 | | v2  v1 |
       
r2  r1 v2  v1 r2  r1 v2  v1
(c)      (d)     
| r2  r1 | | v2  v1 | | r2  r1 | | v2  v1 |
Sol.: (b)