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EASY QUESTIONS

E

1. Consider the given velocity-time graph. It +v0

represents the motion of

(a) a projectile projected vertically upward, from

a point v 2 4 6 8 10 12 14

(b) an electron in the hydrogen atom t

(c) a bullet fired horizontally from the top of a

tower –v0

(d) an object in the positive direction with

decreasing speed

Sol.: (a)

E

2. Displacement (s) versus time (t) graphs of two s s

particles moving in a straight line along x-axis are

shown below. Which of following statement is

incorrect.. t t

(a) particle (i) has accelerated motion (i) (ii)

(b) particle (i) has positive velocity

(c) particle (ii) has uniform motion

(d) particle (ii) has a retarded motion

Sol.: (c)

E

3. The retardation of a particle moving in a straight line is proportional to its displacement

(proportionality constant being unity). Initial velocity of the particle is v0. Find the total

displacement of the particle till it comes to rest.

v0 v0 v 02

(a) (b) v0 (c) (d)

2 3 4

0 s

dv v02 s 2

Sol.: a s , v

ds

s ,

v0

vdv sds ,

0 2 2

s = v0

(b)

E

4. A bullet is fired with a gun from a tower horizontally with a velocity 400 m/s. At the

same time a stone is dropped from the same tower

(a) the stone will reach the ground first

(b) the bullet will reach the ground first

(c) both will reach the ground at the same time

(d) (a) and (b) according to the height of tower

Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

(c)

E

5. At what angle to the horizontal should an object be projected so that the maximum

height reached is equal to the horizontal range?

(a) tan = 2 (b) tan = 4 (c) tan = 2/3 (d) = 3

u 2 sin 2 u 2 sin 2

Sol.: tan 4

2g g

(b)

E

6. A particle starts moving from the position of rest under a constant acceleration. It travels

a distance x in the first 10 sec and distance y in the next 10 sec, then

(a) y = x (b) y = 2x (c) y = 3x (d) y = 4x

Sol.: For constant acceleration and equal time interval ratio of distance is 1 : 3.

y 3x

(c)

E

7. The velocity of a body depends on time according to the equation v = 20 + 0.1t2. The

body is undergoing

(a) uniform acceleration (b) uniform retardation

(c) non-uniform acceleration (d) zero acceleration

dv

Sol.: a 0.2t

dt

(c)

E

8. The x and y co-ordinates of a particle at any time t are given by x = 7t + 4t2 and y = 5t

where x and y are in metre and t in sec. The acceleration of the particle at 5 s is

(a) zero (b) 8 m/s2 (c) 20 m/s2 (d) 40 m/s2

d 2x d2y

Sol.: 8 0

dt 2 dt 2

a=8

(b)

E

9. A 150 m long train is moving to north at a speed of 10 m/s. A parrot is flying towards

south with a speed of 5 m/s crosses the train. The time taken by the parrot to cross the

train would be

(a) 30 s (b) 15 s (c) 8 s (d) 10 s

Sol.: VPt VP Vt 5 (10) 15 m / s

Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

150

t 10 s

15

(d)

E

10. A projectile is fired horizontally with a initial speed of 20 m/s. Its horizontal speed 3 sec

later will be

(a) 20 m/s (b) 6.67 m/s (c) 60 m/s (d) 29.4 m/s

Sol.: No acceleration in horizontal direction.

So, horizontal speed remains same.

(a)

E

11. A coin is dropped in a lift. It takes time t1 to reach the floor when lift is stationary. it

takes time t2 when lift is moving up with constant acceleration, then

(a) t1 t2 (b) t2 t1 (c) t1 t2 (d) t1 t2

Sol.: t1 t 2 because when lift is moving the acceleration coin is more than g hence will take

less time.

(a)

E

x(m)

12. What is the average velocity during

time interval t = 2 s to t = 5 s, in the

following position time curve? Q

6

(a) 2 m/s P

4

(b) 2/3 m/s

(c) 1.2 m/s 2

1 2 3 4 5

64 2

Sol.: v avg slope of line PQ = m/s

52 3

(b)

E

13. A balloon is moving vertically upward with a velocity of 4 m/s. When it is at a height

of h, a stone is dropped from it. If it reaches the ground in 4s, the height of the balloon,

when the stone is released, is (g = 9.8 m/s2)

(a) 62.4 m (b) 42.4 m (c) 78.4 m (d) 82.2 m

1 1

h ut gt 2 = 4(4) (9.8)(16) = 62.4 m

2 2

(a)

E

14. The position vector of a particle is r (a cos t )iˆ (a sin t ) ˆj . The velocity vector of

the particle is

Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

(a) parallel to the position vector (b) perpendicular to the position vector

(c) directed towards the origin (d) directed away from the origin

a sin t iˆ (a cos t ) ˆj

dr

v

dt

v r 0

(b)

E

15. A particle is projected with a velocity u, at an angle , with the horizontal. Time at

which its vertical component of velocity becomes half of its net speed at the highest

point will be

(a)

u

(b)

u

sin cos

2g 2g

(c)

u

2 cos sin (d)

u

2 sin cos

2g 2g

u cos u cos

Sol.: Half of speed at highest point u sin gt

2 2

t

u

2 sin cos

2g

(d)

E

v (m/s)

along a straight line is as shown in figure. 4

Calculate the distance covered between t = 0 to

t = 10 seconds.

O 5 10

(a) 10 m (b) 20 m t (s)

(c) 60 m (d) 50 m

1

Sol.: Distance travelled = Area under the given graph = × 10 × 4 = 20 m

2

(b)

E

17. The graph given shows the velocity v versus time t

for a body. Which of the following graphs shown

represents the corresponding acceleration versus v

t

time graphs?

a a

(a) t (b) t

Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

a

a

(c) (d) t

t

Sol.: Acceleration is negative and constant for first half. It is positive and constant over

next half.

(b)

E

18. A projectile has the same range R for two angles of projection. If T1 and T2 be the times

of flight in the two cases, then R is

T12 T22

(a) T1T2 g (b)

T1T2 g

2

(c) T12 T12 g (d)

2

g

Sol.: T1 , T2 and R R

g g g 2

(b)

E

19. If the range of a gun which fires a shell with muzzle speed V is R, then the angle of

elevation of the gun is

V 2 gR 1 V 2 1 1 gR

(a) cos 1 (b) cos 1 2 (c) (d) sin 2

Rg V 2 Rg 2 V

V 2 sin 2 1 gR

Sol.: R sin 1 2

g 2 V

(d)

E

20. For position-time(x-t) curve as shown in x

figure, the velocity-time (v-t) curve will be

t

t1 t2 t3 t4 t5

v

v

t

t t1 t2 t3 t4 t5

(a) t1 t2 t3 t4 t5 (b)

Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

v v

t t

(c) t1 t2 t3 t4 t5 (d) t5

t1 t2 t3 t4

Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

t1 t 2 particle at rest

t 2 t 3 uniform negative velocity

t 3 t 4 particle at rest

t 4 t 5 uniform negative velocity

(c)

E

21. The position of a particle is given by r 3tiˆ 3t 2 ˆj 4kˆ , where t is in seconds and r

is meters. Find out magnitude and direction of velocity v with horizontal at t 3 s .

2

(a) 3 5 m/s, tan 1 (2) (b) 3 5 m/s, tan 1

3

1

(c) 3 2 m/s, tan 1 (3) (d) 3 5 m/s, tan 1

2

dr

Sol.: v = 3iˆ 2 3t ˆj

dt

v (t 3 s) 3iˆ 6 ˆj

| v | 32 6 2 3 5 m/s

6

= tan 1 = tan 1 2

3

(a)

E

22. The position of an object moving along x-axis is given by x at 3 bt 3 , where x is

in metres and t in seconds. If velocity at t = 1 s and t = 4 s is 0.3 m/s and 27.3 m/s

respectively, the value of a and b will be

(a) 0.6 m/s3, +1.5 m/s (b) 0.6 m/s3, –1.5 m/s

(c) 1.6 m/s3, –1.5 m/s (d) none of these

dx

Sol.: v 3at 2 b …(i)

dt

v(t 1s) 0.3 3a b 0.3 …(i)

v(t 4 s) 27.3 48a b 27.3 …(ii)

From (i) and (ii),

a = 0.6, b = –1.5

(b)

E

Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

23. The initial velocity of a body moving along a straight line is 7 m/s. It has a uniform

acceleration of 4m/s2. The distance covered by the body in the 5th second of its motion

is

(a) 25 m (b) 35 m (c) 50 m (d) 85 m

a

Distance traveled in nth second = u (2n 1)

2

4

Distance traveled in 5th second = 7 [2(5) 1] =25m

2

(a)

E

24. The velocity time graph of a particle starting v (m/s)

from rest from a point P is shown here. Particle 4

will reach P again, after staring from P in time

2

(a) 8s (b) 10s

(c) 12s (d) 16s

8 t (s)

P 6

area of v – t curve = 0

1 1

2 8 (t 8) (t 8) 1 0

2 2 2

(t 8) 2 16

t 8 4 t t (s)

P 6 8

t 12s

(c)

-v

E

25. The velocity of a particle moving along the x–axis is given by v = x3 – 6x2 + 12 where

v is in m/s and x is in m. Acceleration of the particle when it is passing through the point

x = 4 m will be

(a) – 20 ms–2 (b) – 10 ms–2 (c) – 5 ms–2 (d) zero

dv

Sol.: v x 3 6 x 2 12 , 3 x 2 12 x ,

dx

v( x 4m) 64 6 16 12 76 96 20 ms 1

dv dv

3(4) 2 12 4 , av 0

dx x4 m dx

(d)

Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

E

26. A particle located at x = 0 at time t = 0, starts moving along the positive x-direction

with a velocity ‘v’ that varies as v x . The displacement of the particle varies with

time as

(a) t3 (b) t2 (c) t (d) t1/2

dx

Sol.: v x x1 / 2 , x1/ 2dx dt ,

dt

x t

0

x 1/ 2 dx dt , 2 x t ,

0

x t2

(b)

E

27. Position-time curve of a body moving along a x

straight line is shown in figure. The velocity-time

curve for the motion of the particle will be

t

v

v v v

(a) t (b) (c) t (d)

t t

Sol.: This is the situation similar to elastic collision of ball impinging on floor and

bouncing back.

(a)

E

28. The position vector r of a moving particle at time t after the start of the motion is given

by

r (2t 3t 2 )iˆ 2tˆj t 2 kˆ . The time t, when acceleration is perpendicular to velocity, is

(a) 1 s (b) 0.5 s (c) 0.3 s (d) 0.25 s

Sol.: r (2t 3t 2 ) iˆ 2t ˆj t 2 kˆ , v (2 6t ) iˆ 2 ˆj 2t kˆ , a 6 iˆ 2 kˆ

If v a , v a 0 – 6 (2 – 6t) + 4t = 0, 40 t = 12

3

t= 0.3 s

10

(c)

E

29. Velocity of a particle moving along x-axis is proportional to square root of its

displacement. The acceleration of the particle is

(a) increasing (b) decreasing (c) zero (d) constant

Sol.: v x , v k x where k is a constant.

Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

dv k k2

av k x , a constant

dx 2 x 2

(d)

E

30. Time - displacement (t-x) graph of two objects A and B t A

is shown in figure. The ratio of their speeds (vA/vB) is

(tan 37° = 3/4) 53° B

30°

x

3 4 4 3 3

(a) (b) (c) (d)

4 3 3 3 4

v A 1 / tan 53 3/ 4 3

Sol.: =

v B 1 / tan 30 3 4

(a)

E

31. The velocity-time curve of a body is shown in v(ms–1)

figure. The average speed of the body in first 6

seven second is 4

(a) 1 ms–1 (b) 2 ms–1 2

11 1 19 1 t(s)

(c) ms (d) ms –2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

7 7 –4

1

Sol.: A1 (2 4) 1 3m

2

1

A2 (2 1) 4 6m A1

2 A2 A4

1 A3

A3 (2 4) = 4m

2

1

A4 (2 6) = 6m

2

Distance travelled in 7 s = A1 A2 A3 A4 = 19 m

19

Average speed = m/s

7

(d)

E

32. The coordinates of a moving particle at any time ‘t’ are given by x = t3 and y = 4t2,

where x and y are in metre and t in second. The acceleration of the particle at time t =

1s is given by

(a) 6 ms–2 (b) 8 ms–2 (c) 10 ms–2 (d) 14 ms–2

Sol.: x t 3 , y 4t 2 , v x 3t 2 , a x 6t a x (t = 1s) = 6 m/s2

v y 8t , a y 8 m/s2, a a x a y 6 2 8 2 ,

2 2

a 10 m/s2

(c)

E

Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

33. A stone is thrown with speed of 20 m/s at an angle of 60° with the ground. Speed of

stone when makes an angle of 30° with the horizontal is:

20

(a) 10 m/s (b) 10 3 m/s (c) m/s (d) None of these

3

u cos 30 20 cos 60

3 1

u 20 10

2 2

20

u ms–1

3

(c)

E

34. A person travels along a straight road for the first half time with a velocity v1 and the

second half time with a velocity v2. Then the mean velocity v is given by

v1 v2 2 1 1 v2

(a) v = (b) (c) v = v1v2 (d) v

2 v v1 v 2 v1

Sol.: Displacement in the 1st half time = v1t

Displacement in the 2nd half time = v2t

Net displacement = (v1 + v2) t

(v1 v2 )t v1 v2

Average velocity =

2t 2

(a)

E

35. The magnitude of displacement is equal to the distance covered in a given internal of

time if the particle

(a) moves with constant acceleration (b) moves with constant speed

(c) moves with constant velocity (d) moves with non uniform

acceleration

Sol.: To cover the distance equal to the magnitude of displacement, the particle has to move

with constant velocity.

(c)

E

36. A particle is moving east–wards with a velocity of 4 m/s. In 5 seconds the velocity

changes to 3 m/s northwards. The average acceleration in this time interval is

1

(a) m/s2 towards north–east (b) 1 m/s2 towards north–west

2

1 1

(c) m/s2 towards north–east (d) m/s2 towards north–west

2 2

Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

Sol.: | v | 5 m/s v1

v2

a = 1 m/s2 (towards north–west) v2

v2

(b) v

v2

Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

E

37. Rain is falling vertically downwards with a velocity of 3 km/hr. A man walks in the

rain with a velocity of 4 km/hr. The raindrops will fall on the man with a velocity of

(a) 1 km/hr (b) 3 km/hr (c) 4 km/hr (d) 5 km/hr

vrm

vr

(d)

vm

E

38. A shell fired from the ground is just able to cross in a horizontal direction the top of a

wall 90 m away and 45 m high. The direction of projection of the shell is

(a) 25° (b) 30° (c) 60° (d) 45°

u 2 sin 2 u 2 sin 2 45 1

Sol.: H and R , tan = 45°

2g g 180 4

(d)

E

39. A particle moves along a straight line such that its displacement s at any time t is given

by s t 3 6t 2 3t 4 metre. The velocity, when the acceleration is zero, is

(a) –12 ms–1 (b) –9 ms–1 (c) 3 ms–1 (d) 42 ms–1

ds

Sol.: s t 3 6t 2 3t 4 , v 3t 2 12t 3 ,

dt

dv

a 6t 12; a is zero at t 2

dt

v(t 2) 3 4 12 2 3 9 m/sec

(b)

E

40. The displacement time graphs of two bodies A and y B

B are shown in figure. The ratio of velocity of

A, vA to velocity of B, vB is s A

1

(a) (b) 3

3 60º

1 30º

(c) (d) 3 x

3 t

v A tan 30º 1 / 3 1

Sol.:

vB tan 60º 3 3

(c)

Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

E

41. Acceleration of a particle, starting from rest in straight line, changes with time as

a = 6t m/s2. Displacement of the particle at t = 2 s, will be

(a) 24 m (b) 8 m (c) 16 m (d) 4 m

Sol.: a 6t s = t3

(b)

E

42. Figure shows the acceleration-time graph for a a (m/s2)

particle in rectilinear motion. The average

acceleration in first twenty second is 40 A B

(a) 45 m/s2 (b) 40 m/s2 20

2 2 D E C t (s)

(c) 30 m/s (d) 20 m/s

0 10 20 30

Change in velocity

Sol.:. Average acceleration (a)

Time taken

Change in velocity = Area of acceleration – time graph

AreaOABE 600

Average acceleration 30m/s 2

20 s 20

(c)

E

43. The acceleration of a particle, starting from rest, varies with time according to the

relation a k t c . The velocity v of the particle after a time t will be

1 1 1

(a) k t 2 c t (b) ( k t 2 c t ) (c) (k t 2 2c t ) (d) k t 2 c t

2 2 2

t 2

dv kt

Sol.: a , v a dt (kt c)dt , v ct

dt 0

2

(c)

E

44. A particle is moving east-wards with a velocity of 4 m/s. In 10 seconds the velocity

changes to 3 m/s northwards. The average acceleration in this time interval is

1 1

(a) m/s2 towards north-east (b) m/s2 towards north-west

2 2

1 1

(c) m/s2 towards north-east (d) m/s2 towards north-west

2 2

Sol.: | v | 5 m/s v1

1 v2 v2

a = m/s2 (towards north-west) v2

2 v

(d) v2

Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

E

45. One body is dropped, while a second body is thrown downward with an initial velocity

of 1ms–1 simultaneously. The separation between these is 1.8 m after a time

(a) 4.5 s (b) 9 s (c) 1.8 s (d) 36 s

1 2

Sol.: For the dropped body, h1 = gt ;

2

1 2 1

For the thrown body, h2 = 1 × t × gt = t + gt 2 ;

2 2

h2 – h1 = t; So, t = 1.8 second.

(c)

E

46. Two bodies are projected at angles and (90 – ) to the horizontal with the same speed.

The ratio of their times of flight is

(a) sin : 1 (b) cos : 1 (c) sin : cos (d) cos : sin

Sol.: T1 , T2 or T2 . Dividing, .

g g g T2 cos

(c)

E

47. The velocity of projection of an oblique projectile is v 3iˆ 2 ˆj (in ms–1). The speed

of the projectile at the highest point of the trajectory is

(a)3 ms–1 (b) 2 ms–1 (c) 1 ms–1 (d) zero

Sol.: At the highest point, velocity is horizontal.

(a)

E

48. If the velocity of a particle is (10 2t 2 ) m/s, then the average acceleration of the particle

between 2s and 5s is

(a) 2 m/s2 (b) 4 m/s2 (c) 12 m/s2 (d) 14 m/s2

Sol.: v1 (t 2 s) 10 2 2 2 18 m/s

v2 (t 5 s) 10 2 52 60 m/s

v v 42

a avg 2 1 14 m/s

t 2 t1 3

(d)

E

49. When a ball is thrown up vertically with velocity V0, it reaches a maximum height of h.

If one wishes to triple the maximum height then the ball should be thrown with velocity

(a) 3V0 (b) 3V0 (c) 9V0 (d) 3 / 2V0

Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

i.e. to triple the maximum height, ball should be thrown with velocity 3 u .

(a)

E

50. A particle moves along the sides AB, BC, CD of C B

a square of side 25 m with a velocity of 15 m/s.

Its average velocity is

(a) 15 m/s (b) 10 m/s

(c) 7.5 m/s (d) 5 m/s D A

75 AD 25

Sol.: t 5 s , vavg = 5 m/s

15 t 5

(d)

E

51. A particle is projected with a velocity v such that its range on the horizontal plane is

twice the greatest height attained by it. The range of the projectile is (where g is

acceleration due to gravity)

4v 2 4g v2 4v 2

(a) (b) (c) (d)

5g 5v 2 g 5g

1 2 1

Sol.: R = 2H cot ; sin

, cos

2 5 5

2v sin cos 4v

2 2

Range of projectile R =

g 5g

(a)

E

52. An object is moving with a uniform acceleration which is parallel to its instantaneous

direction of motion. The displacement(s) – velocity (v) graph of this object is

s s s s

(a) (b) (c) (d)

v v v v

i.e., graph should be parabola symmetric to displacement axis.

(c)

E

53. A particle is thrown with a speed of 12 m/s at an angle 60° with the horizontal. The

time interval between the moments when its speed is 10 m/s is (g = 10 m/s2)

(a) 1.0 s (b) 1.2 s (c) 1.4 s (d) 1.6 s

Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

u sin 8 u sin 8 8 2

t1 , t2 , t 2 t1 1.6 s

10 10 10

(d)

E

54. A body is thrown with the velocity vo at an angle with the horizontal. If the body

remains in air for 6 seconds, the maximum height reached by the body will be

(a) 9.8 m (b) 19.6 m (c) 20.0 m (d) 44.1 m

2

2u y uy

Sol.: T , H

g 2g

gT 2

9.8 (6) 2

H = 44.1 m

8 8

(d)

E

55. A particle is moving along a circular path of radius 6 m with a uniform speed of 8ms 1

. The average acceleration when the particle completes one half of the revolution is

16 2 32 2 64 2

(a) ms (b) ms (c) ms (d) none of

3 3 3

these

r 6 3

Time taken t

v 8 4

v 16 4 64

Average acceleration

t 3 3

(c)

E

acceleration (m/s2)

shown in figure. If particle start from rest, the

velocity of particle after 3 sec is

(a) zero (b) 2 m/s (0,0) 1 time(s)

-2

a(m/s2)

Sol.: V = area under the curve

4

1 1

2 4 2 1

2 2

= 3 m/s

t(s)

(c) 1 2 3

-2

Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

E

57. A river is flowing from west to east with a speed of 5 m/min. A man can swim in still

water with a velocity 10 m/min. In which direction should the man swim, so as to take

the shortest possible path to go to the south?

(a) 30° with downstream (b) 60° with downstream

(c) 120° with downstream (d) towards south

Sol.: For shortest possible path man should swim at an angle of (90 + vR

W E

) with downstream. From the figure,

v 5 1 vm

sin r

vm 10 2

= 30° vR

(c)

E

58. A bullet is fired horizontally from a rifle at a distant target. Ignoring the effects of air

resistance, what are the horizontal and vertical accelerations of the bullet?

Horizontal vertical

2

(a) 9.8 m/s 9.8 m/s2

(b) 9.8 m/s2 0 m/s2

(c) 0 m/s2 9.8 m/s2

(d) 0 m/s2 0 m/s2

Sol.: (c)

E

59. A point moves in a straight line so that its displacement x metre at time t sec is given

by x 2 1 t 2 . Its acceleration in m/s2 at time t sec is

1 1 1 1 t2 t

(a) 3

(b) 2 (c) (d)

x x x x x3 x2

Sol.: x2 1 t 2

dx dx t d 2 x x t dx / dt 1 t2

2x 2t

dt dt x dt 2 x2 x x3

(c)

E

60. A projectile is thrown with an initial velocity of ( xiˆ yˆj ) m/s . If the range of the

projectile is double the maximum height reached by it then

(a) x = 2y (b) y = 2x (c) x = y (d) y = 4x

Sol.: u sin y , u cos x

u 2 sin 2 y 2 u 2 (2 sin cos ) 2 xy

H , R

2g 2g g g

2 xy 2 y 2

As R = 2H y 2x

g 2g

(b)

Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

E

61. A point initially at rest moves along x-axis. Its acceleration varies with time as a = (6 t

+ 5) m/sec2. If it starts from origin, the distance covered in 1st second is

(a) 3 m (b) 3.5 m (c) 4 m (d) 4.5 m

t

dv ds

Sol.: a 6t 5 ; v (6t 5) dt 3t 2 5t ; 3t 2 5t

dt 0

dt

2

5t

s t3 ; (s) t 1s 3.5 m

2

(b)

E

62. Two different balls of masses m1 and m2 are allowed to m1 m2

slide down from rest and from same height h along two

h

inclined planes having different inclination and .

Then

(a) The final speed acquired by them will be the same

(b) The final speed acquired by them will be different

(c) The times taken by them to reach the bottom will be the same

(d) None of these

Sol.: (a)

E

63. A body starts from rest and travels with uniform acceleration such that it covers 8 m

during the 2nd second. During the 5th second it would travel

(a) 20 m (b) 24 m (c) 28 m (d) 16 m

1

Sol.: 8 0 a 2 …(1)

2

1

S5 0 a 5 …(2)

2

Dividing equation (2) by (1)

We get, S 5 24 m.

(b)

E

64. In the graph shown, X-axis represents time, then the Y-axis could represent

(a) speed of a body projected under gravity Y

(b) velocity of a body projected under gravity

(c) acceleration of a body projected under gravity

(d) distance travelled by a body projected under

O X

gravity

Sol.: (a)

Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

E

65. A projectile’s time of flight T is related to the horizontal range R by the equation

gT 2 2 R . The angle of projection in degrees is

(a) 30° (b) 45° (c) 60° (d) 90°

2

2u sin u 2 sin 2

Sol.: g 2 tan 1 or 45

g g

(b)

E

66. A boat travels from south bank to north bank of river with a maximum speed of 8 km/h.

A river current flows from west to east with a speed of 4 km/h. To arrive at a point

opposite to the point of start, the boat should start at an angle

(a) tan 1 (1 / 2) west of north (b) tan 1 (1 / 2) north of west

(c) 30° west of north (d) 30° north of west

4 1 vbr N

Sol.: vbr sin vr sin

8 2

vr

= 30° west of north E

(c)

E

67. A motor car can be stopped within a distance of s, when it moves with a speed v. If it

moves with a speed 4v, it can be stopped within a distance (assuming constant braking

force)

(a) s (b) 4s (c) 2s (d) 16s

Sol.: The stopping distance S u 2

(d)

E

68. A stone is dropped from the top of the tower and reaches the ground in 3 s. Then the

height of the tower is (g = 9.8 m/s2)

(a) 18.6 m (b) 39.2 m (c) 44.1 m (d) 98 m

1 1

H = gt 2 = 9.8 9 = 44.1m

2 2

(c)

E

69. A stone is just released from the window of a train moving along a horizontal straight

track. The stone will hit the ground for an observer at the ground following a

(a) straight line path (b) circular path (c) parabolic path (d) hyperbolic path

Sol.: (c)

Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

MODERATE QUESTIONS

M

70. Two particles A and B are connected by a rigid rod B

AB. The rod slides along perpendicular rails as

shown here. The velocity of A to the left is 10 m/s.

What is the velocity of B when angle = 30°? A

(a) 9.8 m/s (b) 10 m/s (c) 5.8 m/s (d) 17.3 m/s

dx dy

Sol.: x 2 y 2 l 2 2x 2 y 0 xvA yvB 0

dt dt

v

v B A 10 3 17.3 m/s

tan

(d)

M

71. A body is thrown up in a lift with an upward velocity u relative to the lift from its floor

and the time of flight is found to be t. The acceleration of the lift will be

u gt u gt 2u g t u

(a) (b) (c) (d) g

2 2 t t

1 1 2u gt

Sol.: S r u r t ar t 2 ; 0 ut ( g a ) t 2 a

2 2 t

(c)

M

72. In an imaginary atmosphere, the air exerts a small force F on any particle in the

direction of the particle’s motion. A particle of mass m projected vertically upward take

a time t1 in reaching the maximum height and t2 in returning to the original point. Then

(a) t1 t 2 (b) t1 t 2

(c) t1 t 2

(d) the relation t1 and t2 depends on the mass of the particle.

Sol.: (b)

M

73. From a balloon rising vertically upwards at 5 m/s, a stone is thrown up at 10 m/s relative

to the balloon. Its velocity with respect to ground after 2 sec is (assume g = 10 ms2)

(a) 0 (b) 20 m/s (c) 10 m/s (d) 5 m/s

Sol.: (d)

M

74. If rain drops are falling with velocity of 12 m/s at an angle of 30° with the vertical.

With what possible speed(s), a man should move in horizontal direction so that rain

drops hit him at an angle of 45° with the horizontal.

(a) 18 m/s (b) 6 m/s (c) both (a) and (b) (d) none of these

Sol.: (d)

Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

M

75. A particle is projected at an angle with the horizontal from the foot of an inclined

plane making an angle with horizontal. Which of the following expressions holds

good if the particle strikes the inclined plane normally?

(a) cot = tan ( – ) (b) cot = 2 tan ( – )

(c) cot = tan ( – ) (d) cot = 2 tan ( – )

2u sin( ) u cos( )

Sol.:

g cos g sin

1

tan( ) cot

2

(b)

M

76. A ball is dropped from the top of a building. The ball takes 0.5 s to pass the 3 m length

of a window some distance from the top of the building. If the velocities of the ball at

the top and at the bottom of the window are vT and vB respectively, then

v

(a) vT vb 12 ms–1 (b) vT vB 4.9 ms–1 (c) vB vT 1 ms–1 (d) B 1

vT

–1

ms

vT vB 3

Sol.: 6 or vT vB 12 ms–1

2 0.5

(a)

M

77. During an accelerated motion of a particle (initial velocity of particle is zero)

(a) average velocity of the particle is always less than its final velocity

(b) average velocity of the particle is always greater than its final velocity

(c) average velocity of the particle may be zero

(d) average velocity of the particle is half its final velocity

1

Sol.: s at 2

2

s 1 1

vavg at v

t 2 2

(d)

M

78. A projectile is thrown horizontally from top of a building of height 10 m with certain

speed (u). At the same time another projectile is thrown from ground 10 m away from

the building with equal speed (u) on the same vertical plane. If they collide after 2s,

then choose the correct options.

(a) the angle of projection for second projectile is 60º and u 10 ms 1

(b) the angle of projection for second projectile is 90º and u 5 ms 1

(c) the angle of projection for second projectile is 60º and u 5 ms 1

(d) the angle of projection for second projectile is 45º and u 10 ms 1

Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

10

Sol.: u1 / 2 2u cos / 2 tan 1, = 90°

2 10

2u cos 2 10 2 u 5 ms 1

2

(b)

M

79. A very broad elevator is going up vertically with a constant acceleration of 2 m/s2. At

the instant when its velocity is 4 m/s a ball is projected from the floor of the lift with a

speed of

4 m/s relative to the floor at an elevation of 300. The time taken by the ball to return the

floor is (g = 10 m/s2)

1 1 1

(a) s (b) s (c) s (d) 1s

2 3 4

Sol.: u x 4 cos 300 2 3 m/s and u y 4 sin 300 2 m/s

2u y uy 2 1

T s

12 6 6 3

(b)

M

80. A projectile can have the same range R for two angles of projection. If t1 and t2 are the

times of flight in the two cases, then

1 1

(a) t1t2 R 2 (b) t1t2 2 (c) t1t2 R (d) t1t 2

R R

2u sin 2u cos

Sol.: t1 , t2

g g

2u 2 sin 2 2

t1t 2 R

gg g

t1t 2 R

(c)

M

81. Blocks A and C start from rest and move as shown aA aC

with acceleration a A 12t m/s2 and aC 3 m/s2.

Here t is in seconds. The time when block B again A C

comes to rest is

(a) 2 s (b) 1 s

(c) 3/2 s (d) 1/2 s B

1

v A 6t 2 , vc 3t , 6t 2 3t , t s

2

(d)

Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

M

82. A man can row a boat with speed 4 km/hr in still water. If the velocity of water in river

is 3 km/hr. The time taken to reach just opposite end is (river width = 500 m)

500 1

(a) hr (b) hr (c) 100 hr (d) none

7 2 7

1

d 2 1

Sol.: t hr

u m2 u r2 4 2 32 2 7

(b)

M

gx 2

83. The equation of projectile is y = 3x . The angle of projection is

2

(a) (b) = (c) = (d) =

6 3 2 12

Sol.: We known the equation of trajectory is

gx 2

y = x tan –

2u 2 cos 2

Comparing the equation we get, tan = 3

=

3

(b)

M

84. If r btiˆ ct 2 ˆj where b and c are positive constants, the velocity vector make an angle

of 45° with the x and y axes at t equal to

b b c c

(a) (b) (c) (d)

2c c 2b b

2 ct b

Sol.: r btiˆ ct 2 ˆj , v biˆ 2ctˆj , tan 45° = , t

b 2c

(a)

M

85. A body is thrown with the velocity vo at an angle with the horizontal. If the body

remains in air for the time t = 4s, the maximum height reached by the body will be

(a) 9.8 m (b) 19.6 m (c) 20.0 m (d) 78.4 m

2

2u y u gT 2

9.8 (4) 2

Sol.: T , H y H = 19.6 m

g 2g 8 8

(b)

M

86. A horizontal wind is blowing with a velocity v towards north east. A man starts running

towards north with acceleration a. The time, after which man will feel the wind blowing

towards east, is

v 2v v 2v

(a) (b) (c) (d)

a a 2a a

Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

v ˆ v ˆ y

Sol.: Vw i j

2 2

Vm at ˆj

x

v ˆ v

Vwm i at ˆj

2 2

v

It appears due east when, at 0

2

v

t

2a

(c)

M

100

87. A particle is moving on a circular path of radius m in such a way that magnitude

19

of its velocity varies with time as v 2t 2 t , where v is velocity in m/s and t is time in

s. The acceleration of the particle at t = 2 s is

(a) 21 m/s2 (b) 9 m/s2 (c) 10 m/s2 (d) 13.5 m/s2

dv v 2 100 19

Sol.: at 4t 1 = 9 m/s2, ar 19 m/s2

dt r 100

anet 9 2 19

2

100 = 10 m/s2

(c)

M

88. Two bodies are projected vertically upwards from one point with the same initial

velocities v0 m/s. The second body is thrown s after the first. The two bodies meet

after time

v v v v

(a) 0 (b) 0 (c) 0 (d) 0

g 2 g g 2 2g

1

Sol.: Height of first body after time t, h1 v0 t gt 2

2

1

Height of second body after time (t – ), h2 v0 (t ) g (t ) 2

2

v0

If they meet after time t, h1 = h2

g 2

(c)

M

89. A man running uniformly at 8 m/s is 16 m behind a bus when it starts accelerating at 2

ms–2. Time taken by him to board the bus is

(a) 2s (b) 3s (c) 4s (d) 5s

Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

1

Sol.: 16 8t 2t 2 (equation relative to bus)

2

t = 4s

(c)

M

90. The position of a particle as a function of time is r 4 sin 2t iˆ 4 cos 2t ˆj (where t is

time in second). Path of this particle will be

(a) an ellipse (b) a hyperbola

(c) a circle (d) any other curved path.

Sol.: r 4 sin 2t iˆ 4 cos 2t ˆj

x 4 sin 2t

y 4 cos 2t

x 2 y 2 16 sin 2 2 16 cos 2 2t

x 2 y 2 16

(c)

M

91. In a car race, car A takes t0 time less to finish than car B and passes the finishing point

with a velocity v0 more than car B. The cars start from rest and travel with constant

v

accelerations a1 and a2. Then the ratio 0 is equal to

t0

a12 a a2 a 22

(a) (b) 1 (c) a1a2 (d)

a2 2 a1

Sol.: Let s be the distance travelled by each car.

2s 2s

2a1 s 2a2 s v0 and t0

a2 a1

v0 a1 a 2

a1a 2

t0 1 1

a2 a1

(c)

M

92. Acceleration of a particle moving along a straight line is a function of velocity as

a 2 v . At t 2s, its velocity v 16 ms 1 . Its velocity at t 3s will be

(a) 20 ms 1 (b) 25 ms 1 (c) 30 ms 1 (d)

1

22.5 ms

dv dv

Sol.: a 2 v or 1/ 2 2dt 2v1/ 2 2t c

dt v

As v 16 ms 1 when t 2s c 4 v (t 2) 2

At t = 3 s, v = 25 ms–1

Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

(b)

M

1 2

93. If a particle is projected from origin and it follows the trajectory y x x , then

2

the time of flight is (g = acceleration due to gravity)

1 2 3 4

(a) (b) (c) (d)

g g g g

1 gx 2

Sol.: Equation of trajectory, y x tan

2 u 2 cos 2

tan 1 … (i)

u cos g … (ii)

2u sin 2 g 2

T

g g g

(b)

M

94. A particle A is projected from the ground with an 5 m/s

B

initial velocity of 10 m/s at an angle at 60° with

horizontal. From what height h should another

particle B be projected horizontally with velocity 5 h 10 m/s

m/s so that both the particles collide on ground at

point C if both are projected simultaneously (g = 10 60°

m/s2) A C

(a) 10 m (b) 30 m

(c) 15 m (d) 25 m

Sol.: Horizontal component of velocity of A is 10 cos 60° or 5 m/s which is equal to the

velocity of B in horizontal direction. They will collide at C if time of flight of both the

particles are equal i.e.

tA = tB

2u sin 2h 1 2

h gt B

g g 2

2u 2 sin 2

or h=

g

2

3

2 (10)

2

2 = 15 m

10

(c)

M

Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

95. A particle moving in a straight line has velocity and displacement equation as v =

4 1 s , where v is in m/s and s is in m. The initial velocity of the particle is

(a) 4 m/s (b) 16 m/s (c) 2 m/s (d) zero

ds

Sol.: 4 1 s

dt

s t

ds

4dt 2 1 s 4t s 4t 2 1

0 1 s 0

v 8t at t 0, v 0

(d)

M

96. A train starts from station A with uniform acceleration a1 for some distance and then

goes with uniform retardation a2 for some more distance to come to rest at station B.

The distance between A and B is 4 km and the train takes 4 hours to complete this

journey. If acceleration and retardation are in km/ hour2, then

a1 1 1

(a) 4 (b) 2 (c) a1a2 1 (d) none

a2 a1 a 2

1

t1 t 2 a1t1 4 … (ii)

velocity

2

t1 t 2 4 … (iii)

1 1

2 x

a1 a2 t2

t1

(b) time

M

97. Time taken by the projectile to reach form A to u

B

B is t. Then the distance AB is equal to :

ut 3ut 60°

(a) (b) 30°

3 2 A

ut u

Sol.: AB' u cos 60 t = B

2

AB' 60°

From ABB cos 30 30°

AB A B

2 AB' 2 ut ut

or AB

3 2 3 3

(a)

M

Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

98. A man holds an umbrella at 30º with the vertical to keep himself dry. He, then, runs at

a speed of 10 ms–1 and finds the rain drops to be hitting vertically. Speed of the rain

drops w.r.t. the running man and w.r.t. earth are

(a) 20ms 1 ,10ms 1 (b) 10ms 1 , 20 3ms 1

(c) 10 3ms 1 ,20ms 1 (d) 20ms 1 ,10 3ms 1

Sol.: Velocity of man

vm

vm 10ms1 vm = velocity of man

vre = velocity of rain

vm

Using sin 30º

vrm

30º vre w.r.t. earth

vre vrm = velocity of rain

vm 10 w.r.t. man

or vre

sin 30 1 / 2

20 ms1

v

Again cos 30º rm

vre

or vrm vre cos 30

3

20 10 3 ms 1

2

(c)

M

99. The maximum height of a projectile for two complementary angles of projection is 50

m and 30 m respectively. The initial speed of projectile is

(a) 10 34 m/s (b) 40 m/s (c) 20 m/s (d) 10 m/s

u sin

2 2

Sol.: For angle of projection , H1

2g

u 2 cos 2

For angle of projection 90° – , H2

2g

u2

H1 H 2 u 2g ( H1 H 2 ) = 40 m/s

2g

(b)

M

100. A boat which has a speed of 5 m/s in still water crosses the river of width 25 m in 10

seconds. The boat is heading at an angle of with downstream, where is equal to

(a) 150° (b) 120° (c) 90° (d) 60°

w 25

Sol.: t 10 v

v sin 5 sin w=25m

1

sin 30

2

= 180° – = 150°

(a)

Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

M

101. A stone is to hit a point which is at a distance d away and at a B

height h above the point from where the stone is projected. The u

h

value of initial speed u if the stone is projected at an angle will

be O A

d

g d

(a) (b)

cos 2(d tan h)

d g

cos 2(d tan h)

gd 2 gd 2

(c) (d)

h cos 2 ( d h)

gx 2

Sol.: Equation of trajectory, y x tan

2u 2 cos 2

Here x = d, y = h

gd 2

h d tan

2u 2 cos 2

gd 2

or u

2

d g

u

cos 2(d tan h)

(b)

M

102. A particle moving with uniform retardation along a straight line covers distances a and

b in successive intervals p and q seconds. The acceleration of the particle is

2(aq bp ) 2(bp aq ) 2(aq bp ) 2(aq bp )

(a) (b) (c) (d)

q( p q) q( p q) q( p q) q( p q)

For AB,

1 a b

a up fp 2 … (i)

2

1

For AC, a b u ( p q) f ( p q) 2 … (ii)

2

1

(a fp 2 )

2 1

(i) and (ii) a b ( p q) f ( p q) 2

p 2

ab a 1 1 1 1 a ab ap aq ap bp

fp fp fq , fq

pq p 2 2 2 2 p pq p( p q)

1 aq bp 2(aq bp)

fq , f

2 ( p q) q( p q)

Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

(a)

Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

M

103. A bus is beginning to move with an acceleration of 1 m/s2. A boy who is 48 m behind

the bus starts running with constant speed of 10 m/s. The earliest time when the boy

can catch the bus is

(a) 8 sec (b) 10 sec (c) 12 sec (d) 14 sec

Sol.: Initial velocity of boy with respect to bus = 10 ms–1 Boy a = 1 ms–2

–2

acceleration of boy with respect to bus = –1 ms Bus

1 2 u=10 ms–1

s ut at

2

1 2

48 m

48 10t t

2

t 20t 96 0 s

2

t 2 12t 8t 96 0

(t 8)(t 12) 0

t 8s and 12s

(a)

M

104. A particle has an initial velocity 11 m/s due east and a constant acceleration of 2 m/s2

due west. The distance covered by the particle in sixth second is

(a) zero (b) 0.5 m (c) 1 m (d) 2 m

= 2 (distance travelled in (5.5)s – distance travelled in 5s) = 0.5 m

(b)

M

105. The angle which the velocity vector of a projectile thrown with a velocity v at an angle

to the horizontal will make with the horizontal after time t of its being thrown up is

(a) (b) tan 1 / t

v cos v sin gt

(c) tan 1 (d) tan 1

v sin gt v cos

Sol.: According to figure v ' sin

v'

v' cos v cos

v' sin v sin gt

vsin

v ' cos

v' sin v sin gt

v' cos v cos

v sin gt vcos

= tan 1

v cos

(d)

Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

M

106. A stone is allowed to fall from the top of a tower and cover half the height of the

tower in the last second of its journey. The time taken by the stone to reach the foot of

the tower is

(a) 2 2 s (b) 4s

(c) 2 2 2 s (d)

2 2 s

Sol.: Let the full time of flight be t

g t 1

H 1 2

2 2

1

H gt 2

2

Solving t 2 2 because 2 2 1

Hence t 2 2 sec

(d)

M

107. A block loses 20% of his velocity after moving through 108 m. The maximum distance

covered by the block in subsequent motion is (assume uniform retardation)

(a) 49 m (b) 98 m (c) 192 m (d) 384 m

1

a 10 2 u 2

6

0 0.8u 2 10 2 u 2 .x

2 1

x = 192 m

6

(c)

M

108. A projectile is fired with a velocity u at right angle to a slope, which is inclined at an

angle with the horizontal. The range of the projectile on the incline is

2u 2 sin 2u 2 u2 2u 2

(a) (b) tan sec (c) sin 2 (d) tan

g g g g

Sol.: Let projectile strikes the plane at B, and its time of flight is T,

1

y u yt ayt 2

2

g cos T 2

0 uT

2

2u Y

T u

g cos

A R

1

R AB u x T a xT 2 gcos gsin

B

2

X

Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

1

R a xT 2

2

1 4u 2

R g sin 2

2 g cos 2

2u 2

R tan sec

g

(b)

M

109. The velocity of a particle that moves in the positive x-

direction varies with its position (x) as shown in figure. 15

v(ms–1)

Its acceleration at x = 6 m is 10

75 5 5

(a) m/s2 (b) m/s2 x(m)

4 4 2 4 6 8 10

25 125

(c) m/s2 (d) m/s2

2 8

dv 5

Sol.: At x = 6m, v = 12.5 m/s and

dx 4

dv 5 125

a ( x 6 m) = v 12.5 = m/s2

dx 4 8

(d)

M

110. A particle is projected with a speed of 40 m/s at an angle of 60° with the horizontal. At

what height speed of particle becomes half of initial speed (g = 10 m/s2).

(a) 30 m (b) 45 m (c) 37.5 m (d) 60 m

Sol.: At maximum height speed becomes half of initial speed,

u 2 sin 2 (40) 2 sin 2 60 1600 3 / 4

So, height = H = = = 60 m

2g 2 10 20

(d)

M

111. A particle is projected vertically upward with a speed of 100 m/s. The distance travelled

by the particle in first fifteen seconds is (g = 10 m/s2)

(a) 375 m (b) 625 m (c) 750 m (d) 500 m

u

Sol.: Time to reach at maximum height = = 10 sec

g

u2 1

hence, distance = g (5) 2 = 500 + 125 = 625 m

2g 2

Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

(b)

M

2

112. The velocity of a projectile, when it is at the greatest height, is times its velocity

5

when it is at half of its greatest height. The angle of projection is

2

(a) 300 (b) 450 (c) tan 1 (d) 600

3

Sol.: At maximum height v1 v cos

2

v 2 sin 2 v sin

2 2

H

For vvertical v y2 v 2 sin 2 2 g v 2 sin 2 g

2 2g 2

v1 2

tan 3 , = 600

v2 5

(d)

M

113. In the figure, the pulley P moves to the right with a B P

constant speed u. The downward speed of A is vA and the u

speed of B to the right is vB.

(a) v B v A (b) v B u v A

(c) vB u v A A

(d) the two blocks have accelerations of the different magnitude.

Sol.: At any instant of time, let the length of the string BP = l1 and the length PA = l2. In a

further time t, let B move to the right by x and A move down by y, while P moves to the

right by ut. As the length of the string must remain constant.

l1 l 2 l1 x ut l 2 y

or x ut y

or xu y

x = speed of B to the right v B , y = downward speed of A = vA

vB u v A .

Also vB vA or aB a A

(b)

M

114. The initial velocity of a particle moving along a straight line is 12 ms –1 and its

retardation is

3 ms–2. The distance moved by the particle in the fourth second of its motion is

(a) 1.5 m (b) 22.5 m (c) 24 m (d) 72 m

Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

1 1

Sol.: S nth u a(2n 1) , S 4th 12 (3)( 2 4 1) , S 4th = 1.5 m

2 2

(a)

M

115. A pebble is thrown vertically upwards from a bridge with an initial velocity of 10 ms–

1

. It strikes water after 5s. The height of the bridge is (g = 10 m/s2)

(a) 25 m (b) 50 m (c) 75 m (d) 200 m

1

Sol.: h = ut gt 2

2

Considering downward as positive u = –10 m/s, g = 10 m/s2 , t = 5 s

1

h = – 10 × 5 + 10 25 , h = 75 m

2

(c)

M

116. A road is 5 m wide. Its radius of curvature is 20 6 m. The outer edge is above the inner

edge by a distance of 1 m. This road is most suited for a speed (g = 10 ms–2)

(a) 10 ms–1 (b) 10 5 ms–1 (c) 100 ms–1 (d) 40 6 ms–1

v2

Sol.: tan 5m

1m

rg

v rg tan 2 6

1

v 20 6 10 = 10 m/s

2 6

(a)

M

117. A car is moving on a circular path of radius 100 m. Its speed v is changing with time as

v = 2t2, where v in ms–1 and t in second. The acceleration of car at t = 5s is approximately

(a) 20 ms–1 (b) 25 ms–1 (c) 30 ms–1 (d) 32 ms–1

Sol.: v 2t 2 , r = 100 m

dv at =dv/dt

at 4t

dt ac =v2/r

at (t = 5s) = 20 ms–2

v (t = 5s) = 50 ms–1

v 2 50 50

ac (t 5 s) = 25 ms–2

r 100

a ac2 at2 1025 32 ms–1

(d)

M

v

118. The projectiles A and B thrown with velocities v and have the same range. If B is

2

thrown at an angle of 15° to the horizontal, A must have been thrown at an angle

Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

(a) sin–1 (b) sin–1 (c) 2 sin–1 (d) sin 1

16 4 4 2 8

v 2 sin 2

Sol.: For projectile A, R … (i)

g

v sin( 2 15)

2

For projectile B, R

4g

v2

R … (ii)

8g

v 2

v 2 sin 2

From (i) and (ii)

8g g

1 1

sin 1

2 8

(d)

M

119. A swimmer wishes to cross a 800 m wide river flowing at 6 km/hr. His speed with

respect to water is 4 km/hr. He crosses the river in shortest possible time. He is drifted

downstream on reaching the other bank by a distance of

(a) 800 m (b) 1200 m (c) 400 13 m (d) 2000 m

w 0 .8

Sol.: For shortest time, t = 0.2 hr

vm 4

Drift = vr × t = 6 × 0.2 = 1.2 km = 1200 m

(b)

M

120. A particle is projected with velocity u at an angle of 45°

with the horizontal on an inclined plane inclined at an 45°

angle

( < 45°) as shown in figure. If particle hits the inclined

plane horizontally, then

1 1 1

(a) tan (b) tan 1 (c) tan (d) tan

4 2 3

u 2 sin 2 45

2g

Sol.: tan 2 (if particle hits the inclined plane horizontally)

u sin 90

2g

1

tan

2

(c)

Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

M

121. The velocity-displacement graph of a particle is as v

shown in figure. The acceleration of the particle when 15m/s

displacement is 100 m will be

3m/s

(a) 1.3 m/s2 (b) 1 m/s2 s

2 2

120m

(c) 1 m/s (d) 0.13 m/s

1

Sol.: The equation of velocity is v s3

10

dv 1 1 1 3

av s 3 , a s

ds 10 10 100 10

(a)

M

122. From a canon mounted on a wagon at height H from v0

ground, a shell is fired horizontally with a velocity v0

with respect to canon. The canon and wagon has H

combined mass M and can move freely on the

horizontal surface. The horizontal distance between

shell and canon when the shell touches the ground is

2H v0 m 2H v0 M 2H v0 m 2H

(a) v0 (b) (c) (d)

g M m g M m g M g

2H

Sol.: x rel u xr el t = v0

g

(a)

M

123. A boat, which has a speed of 5 km/h in still water, crosses a river of width 1 km along

the shortest possible path in 15 minutes. The velocity of the river water in kilometers per

hour is

(a) 1 (b) 3 (c) 4 (d) 41

Sol.: The swimmer must swim as shown

5

v km/min

60 d v v sin

1 1 5 1

15 or v sin = or sin = v cos u

v sin 15 60 15

4

sin =

5

3 5 3 1

cos = and u = v cos = km/min = 3 km/h

5 60 5 20

(b)

Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

M

124. Six particles situated at the corners of a regular hexagon of side a move at a constant

speed v. Each particle maintains a direction towards the particle at the next corner.

Calculate the time the particles will take to meet each other

a a 2a 2a

(a) (b) (c) (d)

2v v v 3v

v v

Sol.: Velocity of approach = v

2 2

v

initial separation 2a

time taken = =

velocity of approach v 60° v

(c)

M

125. A ball is dropped from the roof of a tower of height h. The total distance covered by it

in the last second of its motion is equal to the distance covered by it in first three

seconds. The value of h in meters is (g = 10 m/s2)

(a) 125 (b) 200 (c) 100 (d) 80

Sol.: Let the ball remained in air for n seconds.

Then, S n u

g

2n 1 0 10 2n 1

2 2

S n 10 n 5 ------- (1)

The distance covered in first three seconds is also Sn.

1

Here S n gt 2

1

1032 45 ------- (2)

2 2

From (1) and (2) n = 5 h

1

1052 125 m

2

(a)

M

126. Two seconds after projection, a projectile is traveling in a direction inclined at 30° to

the horizontal and after one more second, it is traveling horizontally. The initial angle

of projection with the horizontal is

1

(a) 30° (b) 45° (c) sin 1 (d) 60°

3

Sol.: tan 30 and 3

u cos g

2u sin

u sin

3 1 1

tan 30 , tan 60

u cos 3 3

(d)

Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

M

127. The velocity of a particle varies with time as v t 2 t , where v is velocity in m/s and

t is time in second. The time for which particle performs retarding motion is

1 1 1

(a) t (b) t 1 (c) t 1 (d) t and t > 1

2 2 2

Sol.: v t2 t

Velocity reverses its direction at t = 1 sec.

Acceleration (a) = 2t – 1

1

Acceleration reverses its direction at t = s ec

2

(c)

M

128. A car starting from rest is accelerated at constant rate until it attains a constant speed v.

It is then retarded at a constant rate until it comes to rest. Considering that the car moves

with constant speed for half of the time of total journey, the average speed of the car

for the journey is

v 3v 3v

(a) (b) (c) (d) data

4 4 2

insufficient

1 t t

v v

3v

Sol.: v avg 2 2 2

t 4

(b)

M

129. A particle moves along an arbitrary path on a plane surface. If v and a are the

d |v |

instantaneous velocity and acceleration vectors of the particle, then is

dt

|v a | | v a |

(a) | a | (b) a (c) (d)

|v | |v |

d |v |

Sol.: is the tangential acceleration.

dt

(d)

Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

M

130. A thin rod AB is moving in a vertical plane. At a certain vB

instant when the rod is inclined at 600 to the horizontal, the

point A is moving horizontally with 3 m/s while B is B

moving in vertical direction. The velocity of B is

1 600

(a) m/s (b) 3 m/s A vA

3

3

(c) 2 3 m/s (d) m/s

2

3 3

Sol.: v B cos 30 0 v A cos 60 0 ; vB ; v B 3 m/s

2 2

(b)

M

131. A particle is moving in positive x– direction with initial velocity of 10 m/s and uniform

retardation such that it reaches the initial position after 10s. The distance traversed by

the particle in 6 seconds is

(a) 24 m (b) 25 m (c) 26 m (d) 27 m

1 2

Sol.: s ut at a 2 ms 2

2

Particle come to rest after 5 seconds

Distance travelled in 6 seconds = magnitude of displacement in 5 seconds +

magnitude of displacement in 6th second = 25 + 1 = 26 m

(c)

M

132. A ball is projected vertically upwards such that it attains a height of h after 5s and 9s of

its motion. The speed of projection is (g = 10 ms–2)

(a) 20 ms–1 (b) 50 ms–1 (c) 35 ms–1 (d) 70 ms–1

1 2

Sol.: h ut gt , h ut 5t 2 5t 2 ut h O

2

u

t1 t 2 , u 5(t1 t 2 ) 70 ms 1

5

(d)

M

133. A boy throws a water–filled balloon at an angle of 53° with a speed of 10 m/s. A car is

advancing toward the boy at a constant speed of 5 m/s. If the balloon is to hit the car,

how far away should the car be when the balloon is thrown? (g = 10 ms–2)

(a) 8 m (b) 9.6 m (c) 15.6 m (d) 17.6 m

4

2 10

2u sin 5 8s

Sol.: T

g 10 5

Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

4 3 u = 10 ms–1

100 2

u sin 2

2

5 5 48 m

OB R 53°

g 10 5 O R B A

8

AB 5 8 m

5

48

OA OB AB 8 17.6 m

5

(d)

M

134. A body is projected at an angle with velocity 10 m/s. Its direction of motion makes

an angle of /2 from horizontal after t seconds (g = 10 ms–2), where t is.

(a) tan (b) cot (c) sin (d) cos

2 2 2 2

vy u y gt 10 sin 10t

Sol.: tan , tan

2 vx 2 4x 10 cos

(2 cos 2 1)

2

t sin cos tan , t sin 2 cos , t tan

2 2 2 2

cos

2

(a)

M

135. A particle moves along x-axis as x 4(t 2) a(t 2) 2 . Which of the following is true?

(a) The initial velocity of particle is 4 (b) The acceleration of particle is 2a

(c) The particle is at origin at t = 0 (d) none of these.

Sol.: x 4(t 2) a(t 2) 2

dx

At t = 0, x = –8 + 4a = 4a – 8, v 4 2a (t 2)

dt

At t = 0, v = 4 – 4a = 4(1 – a)

d 2x

But acceleration, a 2 = 2a

dt

(b)

M

136. A body starts from origin and moves along x axis such that at any instant velocity is vt

= 4t3 – 2t where t is in second and vt is in ms–1. The acceleration of the particle when it

is 2 m from the origin is

(a) 28 ms–2 (b) 22 ms–2 (c) 12 ms–2 (d) 10 ms–2

Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

dxt

v1 4t 3 2t 4t 3 2t dx 4t dt 2t dt

3

Sol.: 1

dt

xt t 4 t 2

Since, xt 2m t4 t2 2 0 t 2s

dvt

at 12t 2 2 22 ms – 2

dt

(b)

M

137. A driver applies the brakes on seeing traffic signal 400 m ahead. At the time of applying

the brakes the vehicle was moving with 15 m s–1 and retarding with 0.3 m s–2. The

distance of the vehicle after 1 minute from the traffic light is

(a) 25 m (b) 375 m (c) 360 m (d) 40 m

Sol.: The maximum distance covered by the vehicle before coming to rest

v2 (15) 2

375 m.

2a 2 0.3

v 15

The corresponding time = t 50 sec.

a 0.3

Therefore after 50 sec, the distance covered by the vehicle = 375 m, from the instant of

beginning of braking.

The distance of the vehicle from the traffic signal after one minute = (400 – 375) m =

25 m.

(a)

M

138. A particle is released from rest from a tower of height 3 h. The ratio of times to fall

equal height h i.e., t1 : t2 : t3 is

(a) 3 : 2 :1 (b) 3 : 2 : 1

(c) 9 : 4 : 1 (d) 1 : ( 2 1) : ( 3 2 )

1 2 1 1

Sol.: h gt1 ; 2h g (t1 t 2 ) 2 and 3h g (t1 t 2 t 3 ) 2

2 2 2

i.e., t1 : (t1 t 2 ) : (t1 t 2 t3 ) 1 : 2 : 3

or t1 : t 2 t3 1 : ( 2 1) : ( 3 2 )

(d)

Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

M

139. A bus is moving with a velocity 10 ms–1 on a straight road. A scooterist wishes to

overtake the bus in 100 s. If the bus is at a distance of 1 km from the scooterist, with

what velocity should the scooterist chase the bus ?

(a) 50 m s–1 (b) 40 m s–1 (c) 30 m s–1 (d) 20 m s–1

Sol.: Let the velocity of the scooter be v ms–1. Then

(v 10)100 1000 or v 20 m s –1

(d)

M

140. The maximum height attained by a projectile is increased by 5%, keeping the angle of

projection constant. The corresponding percentage increase in horizontal range will be

(a) 5% (b) 10% (c) 15% (d) 20%

R 2 sin cos

h u sin and R u sin 2 ,

2 2 2

4 cot

2g g h (sin 2 ) / 2

R h

Therefore (if is constant)

R h

Percentage increase in R = percentage increase in h = 5%

(a)

M

141. A particle can be projected with a given speed in two possible ways so as to make it pass

through a point at a distance r from the point of projection. The product of the times taken

to reach this point in the two possible ways is then proportional to

1 1 1

(a) r (b) (c) 2 (d) 3

r r r

2v sin 2v cos 2(v 2 sin 2)

Sol.: T1 and T2 , T1T2 or T1T2 r

g g gg

(a)

M

142. A motorcyclist starts from the bottom of a slope of Q

angle 45º to cross the valley PR as shown in the figure. P R

The width of the valley is 90m and length of the slope

is 80 2 m. The minimum velocity at point O required 45º

to clear the valley will be O

(a) 70m/ s (b) 30m/ s

(c) 50m/ s (d) 100m/ s

Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

u2 u2

Sol.: R sin 2

g g

Velocity of take off at P or u Rg 90 10 30m / s

v u 2 2 g sin S [v velocity at point O]

1

(30) 2 2 10 80 2 50m / s

2

(c)

M

143. A ball is thrown vertically upwards with a speed of 10 m/s from the top of a tower 200 m

high and another is thrown vertically downwards with the same speed simultaneously.

The time difference between them in reaching the ground in seconds (g = 10ms2) is

(a) 12 (b) 6 (c) 2 (d) 1

24 2 10

Sol.: t 2 sec

g 10

(c)

M

3 2

144. The equation of motion of a projectile is y 12 x x . Given that g = 10 ms–2, what is

4

the range of the projectile?

(a) 12 m (b) 16 m (c) 30 m (d) 36 m

v(t 2) 15 10 2 5m / sec

(b)

M

145. Acceleration-time graph of a particle, starting from rest in straight

line, is shown in adjacent figure, then a

(a) displacement of particle will first increases then decreases.

(b) velocity of the particle will first increases then decreases.

(c) displacement of particle continuously increases.

t

(d) speed of the particle first increases in a direction then becomes

zero and finally increases in opposite direction.

Sol.: Acceleration is positive through out the motion.

(c)

Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

M

146. A particle is projected from ground with velocity 40 2 m/s at 45°. At time t = 2 s:

(a) displacement of particle is 100 m

(b) vertical component of velocity is 30 m/s

(c) velocity makes an angle of tan–1 (2) with horizontal

(d) particle is at height of 80 m from ground

At t = 2 s.

v x 40 m/s and v y 40 10 2 20 m/s

x = vx t = 80 m

1

y u y t gt 2 60 m

2

s x 2 y 2 100 m

vy

tan 1

1

tan 1

vx 2

(a)

M

147. A stone is dropped from a height h. Simultaneously, another stone is thrown up from

the ground which reaches a height 4 h. The two stones cross each other after time

h h

(a) (b) (c) 2hg (d) 8hg

2g 8g

Sol.: If u is the initial speed of the second stone, then

0 u 2 2 g (4h)

or u 8gh A

If they meet at the height x from ground,

1 u=0 h –x

For A, h x gt 2

2 A B

1 h

For B, x ( 8 gh ) t gt 2

2

x u

h 8gh t

B

h

or t

8g

(b)

M

1 2

148. The equation of trajectory of an oblique projectile is y x x . The time period of

2

projectile will be

2 3 4 2 2

(a) (b) (c) (d)

g g g g

Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

1 2 gx 2

Sol.: Compare the given equation y x x with y x tan ,

2 2u 2 cos 2

2u sin 2

= 45°, u 2 g , T

g g

(a)

M

149. A ball is thrown vertically upwards from the ground. It crosses a point at the height of

25 m twice at an interval of 4 second. The ball was thrown with the velocity of (g = 10

m/s2)

(a) 20 m/s (b) 25 m/s (c) 30 m/s (d) 35 m/s

1 2

Sol.: h ut gt 25 ut 5t 2

2

u

5t 2 ut 25 0 t1 t 2 ; t1t 2 5

5

(t1 t 2 ) 2 (t1 t 2 ) 2 4t1t 2

u2 u

16 20 6 u = 30 m/s

25 5

(c)

M

150. A body is in rectilinear motion with an acceleration given by a = 2v3/2. If particle starts

its motion from origin with a velocity of 4 ms–1, the position x of the particle at an

instant in terms of v can be given as

1 1

(a) x (b) v x 2 (c) v x (d) v 2 x 1

v 2

v x

dv dv

a 2v v 2v 3 / 2 4 2v1/ 2 0 dx

3/ 2

Sol.:

dx

v v

4 x 0

x

v 2 x v x2

(b)

M

151. The two ends of a train moving with constant acceleration pass a certain point with

velocities u and v. The velocity with which the middle point of the train passes the same

point is

uv u 2 v2 u 2 v2

(a) (b) (c) (d) uv

2 2 2

l

Sol.: v2 – u2 = 2al and v'2 – u2 = 2a = al or 2(v'2 – u2) = 2al

2

v2 u 2 v2 u 2 v2 u 2

Equating, 2(v'2 – u2) = v2 – u2 or v'2 = u2 + or v' =

2 2 2

(c)

Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

M

152. A rubber ball is dropped from a height of 5 metres on a plane where the acceleration

due to gravity is not known. On bouncing, it rises to a height of 1.8 m. On bouncing,

the ball loses its velocity by a factor of

3 9 2 16

(a) (b) (c) (d)

5 25 5 25

v1 v2 v 2 g 1.8 3 2

Sol.: Fractional loss in velocity = = 1 2 1 = 1 .

v1 v1 2g 5 5 5

(c)

M

153. A body starts from rest with uniform acceleration and remains in motion for n

seconds. If its final velocity after n second is v, then its displacement in the last two

seconds will be

2v(n 1) v(n 1) v(n 1) 2v(n 1)

(a) (b) (c) (d)

n n n n

v

Sol.: v = 0 + na a

n

displacement in last two seconds,

1 1

= S n S n2 an2 a(n 2) 2

2 2

=

a 2

2

a

n (n 2) 2 [n (n 2)][n (n 2)]

2

v 2v(n 1)

= a(2n 2) (2n 2)

n n

(d)

M

154. A body is moving from rest under constant acceleration and let S1 be the displacement

in the first (p – 1) sec and S2 be the displacement in the first p sec. The displacement in

( p 2 p 1) th sec will be

S1

(a) S1 S 2 (b) S1 S 2 (c) S1 S 2 (d)

S2

Sol.: S1

1

2

2 1

2

1

2

a p 1 , S 2 ap 2 ; S a 2 p 2 p 1 1 = S1 S 2

(a)

M

155. A projectile is fired vertically upwards with an initial velocity u. After an interval of T

seconds a second projectile is fired vertically upwards, also with initial velocity u. The

correct statement is

u u T

(a) They meet at time t (b) They meet at time t

g g 2

Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

u T

(c) They meet at time t (d) They never meet.

g 2

1

Sol.: For first projectile, h1 ut gt 2

2

1

g (t T ) 2

2

When both meet i.e. h1 h2

1 1 1 2 u T

ut gt 2 u(t T ) g (t T ) 2 uT gT gtT t

2 2 2 g 2

(b)

M

156. A stone is projected from the ground with velocity 50 m/s at an angle of 30°. It crosses

a wall after 3 sec. How far beyond the wall the stone will strike the ground (g = 10m/s2)

(a) 90.2 m (b) 89.6 m (c) 86.6 m (d) 70.2 m

2u sin 2 50 1

Sol.: Total time of flight = 5s

g 2 10

Time to cross the wall = 3 s (given)

Time in air after crossing the wall = (5 3) = 2s

3

Distance traveled beyond the wall = (u cos )t 50 2 = 86.6 m

2

(c)

M

157. A particle is projected vertically upwards from a point A on the ground. It takes time t1

to reach a point B, but it still continues to move up. If it takes further t2 time to reach

the ground from point B. Then height of point B from the ground is

1 1 1

(a) g (t1 t 2 ) 2 (b) gt1t 2 (c) g (t1 t 2 ) 2 (d) gt1t 2

2 8 2

t t

Sol.: Time taken for the particle to reach the highest point is 1 2 .

2

t t

Therefore, initial vertical velocity of the particle is: u g 1 2

2

Therefore, height of B from the ground is

1 t t 1 2 1

h ut1 gt12 g 1 2 t1 gt1 or h gt1t 2

2 2 2 2

(d)

M

158. Two particles start moving from the same point along the same straight line. The first

moves with constant velocity v and the second with constant acceleration a. During the

time that elapses before the second catches the first, the greatest distance between the

particles is

Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

v2 v2 2v 2 v2

(a) (b) (c) (d)

a 2a a 4a

Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

1

Then x vt at 2 … (i)

2

dx v

For x to be maximum , 0 or t

dt a

From (i), we get

v2

x

2a

(b)

M

159. A balloon rises from rest with a constant acceleration g / 8 . A stone is released from it

when it has risen to height h. The time taken by the stone to reach the ground is

h h 2h h

(a) 4 (b) 2 (c) (d)

g g g g

g gh

Sol.: The velocity of balloon at height h, v 2 h =

8 4

gh

When the stone released from this balloon, it will go upward with velocity v

4

(Same as that of balloon).

gh 1

h t gt 2

4 2

gt 2 gh t 2h 0

h

t2

g

(b)

M

160. Two particles A and B are projected vB= 10 3 m/s

simultaneously in the directions shown in figure vA=25m/s

with velocities v A 25m/s and v B 10 3 m/s. If

60°

they collide in air after 2s, the angle is x

3 60°

25 sin = 10 3 x

2

Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

3

sin =

5

or = 37°

(d)

M

161. A particle is moving in a circle of radius 1 m with speed varying with time as v = (2t)

m/s. In first 2 s

(a) distance traveled by the particle is 2 m

(b) displacement of the particle is (2 sin 2) m

(c) average speed of the particle is 1 m/s

(d) average velocity of the particle is zero

2 2

Sol.: Distance = v dt 2t dt = 4 m

0 0

4

Average speed = = 2 m/s

2

2

v

(2t ) rad/s , = dt = 4 rad

R 0

Displacement = 2 R sin = (2 sin 2) m

2

Average velocity = sin 2 m/s

(b)

M

162. A particle is projected upwards with a velocity of 100 m/s at an angle of 37° with the

vertical. The time when the particle will move perpendicular to its initial direction is (g =

10 m/s2, tan 53° = 4/3)

(a) 10 s (b) 12.5 s (c) 15 s (d) 16 s

3 4

100 v v 75 m/s

5 5

v y v sin 37 45 m/s u=100m/s

37°

u y u sin 53 80 m/s 53° 37°

v

v y u y gt 45 80 10t

t 12.5 s

(b)

Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

DIFFICULT QUESTIONS

D

163. The displacement x of a particle varies with time t as x aet bet , where a, b, and

are positive constants. The velocity of the particle will

(a) be independent of (b) drop to zero when

(c) go on decreasing with time (d) go on increasing with time

Sol.: (d)

D

164. Two particles start simultaneously from the same point and move along two straight

lines, one with uniform velocity v and other with a uniform acceleration a. If is the

angle between the lines of motion of two particles then the least value of magnitude of

relative velocity will be at time given by

v v v v

(a) sin (b) cos (c) tan (d) cot

a a a a

Sol.: (b)

D

165. A particle moves along the parabolic path y = ax2 in such a way that the x component

of the velocity remains constant, say c. The acceleration of the particle is

(a) ackˆ (b) 2ac 2 ˆj (c) 2 ac 2 kˆ (d) a 2 cˆj

dy dx d2y dx

Sol.: y ax 2 , a(2 x) 2acx , 2

2ac 2ac 2

dt dt dt dt

a y 2ac 2 , ax 0 , a a x iˆ a y ˆj a 2ac 2 ˆj

(b)

D

166. A car starts from rest from origin an straight line with an acceleration (a) given by the

25

relation a , where a is in m/s2 and x is in metre. The maximum velocity of

( x 2) 3

the car will be (x is the position of the car)

(a) 2.5 m/s (b) 5 m/s (c) 10 m/s (d) Infinite

x

dv 25 v2 1 1 1

Sol.: a= v , 25 2

, v 2 25 2

dx ( x 2) 3 2 2( x 2) o 4 ( x 2)

1 1 5

v 25 2

, vmax 2.5 m/s (at x = )

4 ( x 2) 2

(a)

Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

D

167. If position (in meter) of a particle moving in straight line is given by x t 2 2t 1

(where t is time in second). The distance travelled by particle in first two second is

(a) zero (b) 2 m (c) 4 m (d) 3 m

dx

Sol.: 2t 2 0 t = 1, So, xt 0 1 m, xt 1s 0 , xt 2 1m

dt

Total distance = 2m

(b)

D

168. A ball thrown upward from the top of tower with speed v reaches the ground in t1 second.

If this ball is thrown downward from the top of the same tower with speed v it reaches

the ground in t 2 second. In what time the ball shall reach the ground if it is allowed to

fall freely under gravity from the top of the tower?

t1 t 2 t1 t 2

(a) (b) (c) t1t2 (d) t1 t2

2 2

1 2

Sol.: h vt1 gt1

2

1

h vt2 gt22

2

1

and h gt 2

2

Solve to get t t1t2

(c)

D

169. A glass wind screen whose inclination with the vertical can be changed is mounted on

a car. The car moves horizontally with a speed of 2m/s. At what angle with the vertical

should the wind screen be placed so that rain drops falling vertically downwards with

velocity 6 m/s strike the wind screen perpendicularly?

1 1

(a) tan 1 (b) tan 1 (3) (c) cos 1 (3) (d) sin 1

3 3

Sol.: Velocity of rain with respect to car vRC v R vC

vC = 2m/s

should be perpendicular to the wind screen. 90°

From figure, wind screen

v 6 vRC

tan r vR =6m/s

vc 2

tan 1 (3)

(b)

Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

D

170. Figure shows a hemisphere and a supported

rod. Hemisphere is moving right with a

R

uniform velocity v2 and the end of rod which is v1 v2

in contact with ground is moving left with a

velocity v1. The rate at which the angle is

decreasing will be

(a) (b) (c) (d)

R cos R cos R sin sin

dx

Sol.: v1 v2

dt R

v1 v2

R

sin = x

x

x = R cosec

dx d

= – R cosec cot

dt dt

d (v1 v 2 ) sin 2

(–ve sign shows that decreasing with time)

dt R cos

(a)

D

171. A particle is thrown with a speed of 12 m/s at an angle 60° with the horizontal. The

time interval between the moments when its speed is 10 m/s is (g = 10 m/s2)

(a) 1.0 s (b) 1.2 s (c) 1.4 s (d) 1.6 s

Sol.: vH u cos 6

vv v 2 u 2 cos 2 8

u sin 8

t1

10

u sin 8

t2

10

8 2

t 2 t1 1.6 s

10

(d)

Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

D

172. A particle is thrown horizontally from the top of a tower of height H. The angle made

by velocity of particle before hitting the ground is 45° with the horizontal. What is the

horizontal range of particle?

(a) H (b) 2H (c) 3H (d) 4H

1 2

Sol.: gt H … (i)

2

gt v y …(ii)

vx v y

Range = u x t v y t gt 2 2H

(b)

D

173. A ball is dropped vertically from a height d above the ground. It hits the ground and

bounces up vertically to a height d/2. Neglecting subsequent motion and air resistance,

its velocity v varies with the height h above the ground as

v v v

d d d

(a) h (b) h (c) h (d)

v

d

h

Sol.: The graph will be parabolic and in downward motion velocity will be negative and

upward motion velocity will be positive

(a)

D

174. Two particles A and B are separated from each other by a distance l. At time t = 0,

particle A starts moving with uniform acceleration a along a line perpendicular to the

initial line joining A and B. At the same moment, particle B starts moving with

acceleration of constant magnitude b (> a) such that particle B always points towards

the instantaneous position of A. The distance travelled by B till the moment B

converges with A will be

b 2l a 2l (b 2 a 2 ) l (b 2 a 2 ) l

(a) (b) (c) (d)

b2 a2 b2 a2 b2 a2 b2 a2

Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

directed at an angle with the horizontal, then vB

A

ds

bt at cos l

dt

0 t t

ds b tdt a t cos dt

l 0 0

B

t

1 2 bt 2 a 2 t 2

and at b t cos dt l

2 0

2 2b

2bl 1 2 1 2bl b 2l

t , S bt b

b2 a 2 2 2 b2 a2 b2 a2

(a)

D

175. Two trains A and B are moving on same track in opposite direction with velocity 25

m/s and 15m/s respectively. When separation between them becomes 225 m, drivers of

both the trains apply brakes producing uniform retardation in train A while retardation

of train B increases linearly with time at the rate of 0.3 m/s3. The minimum retardation

of train A to avoid collision will be

(a) 2 m/s2 (b) 2.5 m/s2 (c) 2.25 m/s2 (d) 2.75 m/s2

0 t

dv

Sol.: For train B, 0.3t , dv 0.3 t dt t = 10 s

dt 15 0

Train A can travel a distance of 125 m before coming to rest.

v 2 u 2 2as , a 2.5 m/s 2

(b)

D

176. A 2m wide truck is moving with a uniform speed v0 =

8 m/s along a straight horizontal road. A pedestrian

starts to cross the road with a uniform speed v when the 2m Truck v0 v

truck is 4 m away from him. The minimum value of v

so that he can cross the road safely is man

4m

(a) 2.62 m/s (b) 4.6 m/s (c) 3.57 m/s (d) 1.414 m/s

Sol.: For safe crossing, the condition is that the man A C

must cross the road by the time the truck covers the 2m Truck v0 v

distance 4 + AC or 4 + 2cot

B

4 2 cot 2 / sin

4m

8 v

Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

8

or v …(i)

2 sin cos

dv

For minimum v, 0 tan = 2

d

8

From equation (i), vmin = 3.57 m/s

5

(c)

D

177. A river is flowing with a speed of 1 km/hr. A swimmer B C

wants to go to point C starting from A. He swims with a 1 km/h

speed of

5 km/hr with respect to river flow at angle as shown.

A

If

AB = BC = 400 m, the value of is

(a) 37° (b) 30° (c) 53° (d) 45°

AB 0.4

Sol.: Time to cross river (t) =

v mr sin 5 sin

BC (vmr cos vr ) t

0.4

0.4 (5 cos 1) 5 sin 5 cos 1

5 sin

25 sin 2 25 cos 2 50 sin cos 1 25 sin 2 24

24

sin 2 = 53°

25

(c)

D

178. An aeroplane is rising vertically with acceleration f. Two stones are dropped from it at

an interval of time t. The distance between them at time t after the second stone is

dropped will be

1 1 1

(a) ( g f )tt (b) ( g f )(t 2t )t (c) ( g f )(t t ) 2 (d)

2 2 2

1

( g f )(t t ) 2

2

1

Sol.: The displacement between first stone and aeroplane after t second (h1 ) ( g f )t 2

2

After time t,

Velocity of aeroplane u ft

Velocity of first stone u gt

Where u is velocity of aeroplane when first stone is dropped.

The relative speed of second stone with respect to first stone (u ft) (u gt )

Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

( g f )t

The relative displacement between first and second stone after time t(h2 )

( g f )tt

1 1

h1 h2 ( g f )t 2 ( g f )tt ( g f )(t 2t )t

2 2

(b)

Rational Tutorials | Physics Topic: Kinematics

D

179. Two particles 1 and 2 move with constant velocities v1 and v2 . At the initial moment their

radius vectors are equal to r1 and r2 . The relation between four vectors so that the

particles collide will be

r r v v r r v v

(a) 1 2 1 2 (b) 1 2 2 1

| r1 r2 | | v1 v2 | | r1 r2 | | v2 v1 |

r2 r1 v2 v1 r2 r1 v2 v1

(c) (d)

| r2 r1 | | v2 v1 | | r2 r1 | | v2 v1 |

Sol.: (b)

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