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Cantilever wall analysis

Input data
Project
Description : POTPORNI ZID POS Z-1a, VISINA H=5.85 m
Date : 15.4.2019.
Settings
(input for current task)
Materials and standards
Concrete structures : EN 1992-1-1 (EC2)
Coefficients EN 1992-1-1 : standard
Wall analysis
Active earth pressure calculation : Coulomb
Passive earth pressure calculation : Caquot-Kerisel
Earthquake analysis : Mononobe-Okabe
Shape of earth wedge : Calculate as skew
Base key : The base key is considered as inclined footing bottom
Allowable eccentricity : 0,333
Verification methodology : Safety factors (ASD)
Safety factors
Permanent design situation
Safety factor for overturning : SFo = 1,50 [–]
Safety factor for sliding resistance : SFs = 1,50 [–]
Safety factor for bearing capacity : SFb = 1,00 [–]
Material of structure
Unit weight  = 24,00 kN/m3
Analysis of concrete structures carried out according to the standard EN 1992-1-1 (EC2).

Concrete : C 25/30
Cylinder compressive strength fck = 25,00 MPa
Tensile strength fctm = 2,60 MPa
Longitudinal steel : B500
Yield strength fyk = 500,00 MPa
Geometry of structure
Coordinate Depth
No.
X [m] Z [m]
1 0,00 0,00
2 0,00 5,40
3 3,40 5,40
4 3,40 5,80
5 -0,60 5,80
6 -0,60 5,40
7 -0,40 5,40
8 -0,40 0,00
The origin [0,0] is located at the most upper right point of the wall.
Wall section area = 3,76 m2.

1
Name : Geometrija Stage - analysis : 1 - 0
Description : Poprečni presek potpornog zida

0,40

5,40 0,00:1
5,80 5,80

0,20 3,40

0,40
Name : Geometry Stage - analysis : 1 - 0

4,00

2
Basic soil parameters
ef cef  su 
No. Name Pattern
[°] [kPa] [kN/m3] [kN/m3] [°]
Sandy clay (CS), stiff consistency, Sr >
1 26,00 0,00 19,00 9,00 12,00
0,8

2 Gravelly silt (MG), firm consistency 30,00 8,00 20,00 10,00 15,00

Soil parameters to compute pressure at rest


Type ef  OCR Kr
No. Name Pattern
calculation [°] [–] [–] [–]
Sandy clay (CS), stiff consistency, Sr >
1 cohesionless 26,00 - - -
0,8

2 Gravelly silt (MG), firm consistency cohesive - 0,35 - -

Soil parameters
Sandy clay (CS), stiff consistency, Sr > 0,8
Unit weight :  = 19,00 kN/m3
Stress-state : effective
Angle of internal friction : ef = 26,00 °
Cohesion of soil : cef = 0,00 kPa
Angle of friction struc.-soil :  = 12,00 °
Soil : cohesionless
Saturated unit weight : sat = 19,00 kN/m3

Gravelly silt (MG), firm consistency


Unit weight :  = 20,00 kN/m3
Stress-state : effective
Angle of internal friction : ef = 30,00 °
Cohesion of soil : cef = 8,00 kPa
Angle of friction struc.-soil :  = 15,00 °
Soil : cohesive
Poisson's ratio :  = 0,35
Saturated unit weight : sat = 20,00 kN/m3

Geological profile and assigned soils


Layer
No. Assigned soil Pattern
[m]

1 5,80 Sandy clay (CS), stiff consistency, Sr > 0,8

2 - Sandy clay (CS), stiff consistency, Sr > 0,8

Foundation
Type of foundation : strip foundation
Soil of foundation - Gravelly silt (MG), firm consistency
Geometry
Foundation thickness h = 0,20 m
Offset left bl = 0,30 m
Offset right bp = 0,30 m
Terrain profile
Terrain behind the structure is flat.

3
Water influence
Ground water table is located below the structure.

Input surface surcharges


Surcharge Mag.1 Mag.2 Ord.x Length Depth
No. Action
new change [kN/m2] [kN/m2] x [m] l [m] z [m]
1 Yes variable 3,00 0,00 5,00 on terrain
No. Name
1 Live load
Resistance on front face of the structure
Resistance on front face of the structure: not considered
Soil on front face of the structure - Sandy clay (CS), stiff consistency, Sr > 0,8
Soil thickness in front of structure h = 0,90 m
Terrain in front of structure is flat.

Earthquake
Factor of horizontal acceleration Kh = 0,1000
Factor of vertical acceleration Kv = 0,0000
Water below the GWT is restricted.

Settings of the stage of construction


Design situation : permanent
The wall is free to move. Active earth pressure is therefore assumed.

Verification No. 1
Forces acting on construction
Name Fhor App.Pt. Fvert App.Pt. Design
[kN/m] z [m] [kN/m] x [m] coefficient
Weight - wall 0,00 -1,87 90,24 1,08 1,000
Earthq.- constr. 9,02 -1,87 0,00 1,08 1,000
Weight - earth wedge 0,00 -2,21 175,74 1,73 1,000
Earthquake - soil wedge 17,57 -2,21 0,00 1,73 1,000
Active pressure 122,94 -1,96 176,24 2,90 1,000
Earthq.- act.pressure 24,42 -3,87 38,93 1,82 1,000
Live load 3,25 -2,73 4,62 2,35 1,000
Live load 0,00 -5,80 0,08 0,61 1,000
Verification of complete wall
Check for overturning stability
Resisting moment Mres = 994,33 kNm/m
Overturning moment Movr = 399,90 kNm/m

Safety factor = 2,49 > 1,50


Wall for overturning is SATISFACTORY

Check for slip


Resisting horizontal force Hres = 300,08 kN/m
Active horizontal force Hact = 177,20 kN/m

Safety factor = 1,69 > 1,50

4
Wall for slip is SATISFACTORY

Overall check - WALL is SATISFACTORY

Name : Verification Stage - analysis : 1 - 1

7 1
3
4
1
2 5

90
0,20 +x soil
Bearing capacity of foundation
Design load acting at the center of footing bottom 2

Moment 0,30 Norm. force 0,30 Shear Force Eccentricity Stress


No.
[kNm/m] +z [kN/m] [kN/m] [–] [kPa]
1 377,25 485,84 177,20 0,194 198,54
Service load acting at the center of footing bottom
Moment Norm. force Shear Force
No.
[kNm/m] [kN/m] [kN/m]
1 377,25 485,84 177,20
Verification of foundation soil
Stress in the footing bottom : rectangle

Eccentricity verification
Max. eccentricity of normal force e = 0,194
Maximum allowable eccentricity ealw = 0,333
Eccentricity of the normal force is SATISFACTORY

Verification of bearing capacity


Max. stress at footing bottom  = 198,54 kPa
Bearing capacity of foundation soil Rd = 200,00 kPa
Safety factor = 1,01 > 1,00
Bearing capacity of foundation soil is SATISFACTORY

Overall verification - bearing capacity of found. soil is SATISFACTORY

5
Name : Bearing cap. Stage - analysis : 1 - -1

2,45
198,54

198,54

Dimensioning No. 1
Wall stem check - front reinf.
Forces acting on construction
Name Fhor App.Pt. Fvert App.Pt. Design
[kN/m] z [m] [kN/m] x [m] coefficient
Weight - wall 0,00 -2,70 51,83 0,20 1,000
Earthq.- constr. 5,18 -2,70 0,00 0,20 1,000
Pressure at rest 155,51 -1,80 0,00 0,40 1,000
Earthquake - pressure at rest 55,38 -2,70 0,00 0,40 1,000
Live load 6,37 -3,21 0,00 0,40 1,000
Wall stem check - front reinf.
Front reinforcement is not required.

Wall stem check - back reinf.


Forces acting on construction
Name Fhor App.Pt. Fvert App.Pt. Design
[kN/m] z [m] [kN/m] x [m] coefficient
Weight - wall 0,00 -2,70 51,83 0,20 1,000
Earthq.- constr. 5,18 -2,70 0,00 0,20 1,000
Pressure at rest 155,51 -1,80 0,00 0,40 1,000
Earthquake - pressure at rest 55,38 -2,70 0,00 0,40 1,000
Live load 6,37 -3,21 0,00 0,40 1,000
Wall stem check - back reinf.
Wall check at the construction joint 5,40 m from the wall crest
Reinforcement and dimensions of the cross-section
14 prof. 18,0 mm, cover 30,0 mm
Cross-section width = 1,00 m

6
Cross-section height = 0,40 m
Reinforcement ratio  = 0,99 % > 0,14 % = min
Position of neutral axis x = 0,10 m < 0,22 m = xmax
Ultimate moment MRd = 495,51 kNm > 463,75 kNm = MEd
Cross-section must be reinforced by shear reinforcement with minimal area of 629,9 mm 2/m.
Cross-section is SATISFACTORY.

Wall heel check


Forces acting on construction
Name Fhor App.Pt. Fvert App.Pt. Design
[kN/m] z [m] [kN/m] x [m] coefficient
Weight - wall 0,00 -0,20 32,64 2,30 1,000
Weight - earth wedge 0,00 -2,21 175,74 1,73 1,000
Active pressure 122,94 -1,96 176,24 2,90 1,000
Live load 3,25 -2,73 4,62 2,35 1,000
Contact stress 0,00 0,00 -339,99 1,62 1,000
Gravity surch. 1 0,00 -5,80 0,09 0,62 1,000
Wall heel check
Reinforcement and dimensions of the cross-section
14 prof. 16,0 mm, cover 30,0 mm
Cross-section width = 1,00 m
Cross-section height = 0,40 m
Reinforcement ratio  = 0,78 % > 0,14 % = min
Position of neutral axis x = 0,09 m < 0,22 m = xmax
Ultimate shear force VRd = 203,62 kN > 49,34 kN = VEd
Ultimate moment MRd = 398,10 kNm > 319,29 kNm = MEd
Cross-section is SATISFACTORY.

Name : Dimensioning Stage - analysis : 1 - 1


Bending moment
Max MRd2 = 495,51 kNm Shear force
Max MRd1 = -1E30 kNm Max VRd = 219,98 kN
MEd = 463,75 kNm VEd = 222,44 kN
0,00 495,51 0,00 219,98

7 prof. 8,0mm,cover 30,0mm 14 prof. 18,0mm,cover 30,0mm


5,80 5,80

14 prof. 16,0mm,cover 30,0mm


463,75
495,51 219,98
222,44
+x
0 500,00 0 300,00
[kNm] [kN]

+z
4,00