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You are on page 1of 28

DESIGN REPORT OF

NOVEMBER 2017

CONTENTS

Notations:

1. Name of the Building

2. Structural Feature

2.1 Foundation

2.2 Framing Descriptions

3. Codes and Standards

4. Materials (characteristics)

5. Loads

5.1 Dead Load

5.2 Live Load

5.3 Earthquake Load

5.4 Wind Load

6. Load Combinations

7. Structural Analysis

7.1 Method (type, name and version of programme)

7.2 Conditions

8. Load

9. Output

1. Type of Building

Type:Steel Building

Introduction:

The building is one story steelbuilding with a portal frame on top.

2. Structural Feature

2.1 Foundation

Type:Base Slab with anchor bolt has been provided as footing for the building

2.2.4 Post:

Size:ISB 75x75x3.5(Tubular Section) has been provided as post for the frame as per

SAP Analysis.

2.2.5 Beam:

Size: ISB 75x75x3.5(Tubular Section) has been provided as beam for the frame as

per SAP Analysis.

2.2.5 Rafter:

Size:ISB 50x50x4(Tubular Section) has been provided as framing element.

2.2.6 Purlins:

Size:ISB50x50x4 (Tubular Section) has been provided as purlins.

The main design standards followed for structural design are given below, indicating

their area of application.

S.N Code and Description

. Standards

1 IS 1893: 2002 Criteria for Earthquake Resistant Design of structures

2 IS 1786: 1985 Specification for high strength deformed steel bars and

wires for concrete reinforcement (superseding IS:1139

-1966)

4. Materials (characteristics)

Concrete:

All the concrete elementof grade M 20 incompliance to IS 456:2000 to be

used for base slab.

Steel Structure:

- High strength deformed steel bars: Grade Fe250 to IS 1786.

5. Loads

All loads/forces due to gravity on the components of the building structure

permanently attached thereto are calculated in accordance with IS: 875 (Part 1) -

1987.

The load assumed to be produced by the intended use is accordance with

IS 875 (Part 2) – 1987.

The earthquake load is calculated to the seismic coefficient method using

equivalent lateral force procedures in accordance with IS 1893 (Part 1): 2002. The

static forces in the structure are derived from the design base shear (Vb) given by:

Where;

W = Seismic weight of the building equal to the total dead load plus appropriate

amounts of specified imposed load

Ah = Design horizontal seismic coefficient given by:

ZI �S a �

Ah = � � (Cl. 6.4.2)

2 R �g �

Adopted coefficients are as follows:

Z= Seismic zone factor (Zone V) (Cl.6.4.2, table-2)

I= Important factor (Cl. 6.4.2, table -6)

R= Response reduction factor (Cl. 6.4.2, table-7)

Sa/g = Average response acceleration coefficient depending upon soil

type and fundamental natural period of structure (Ta) (Cl.6.4.2, figure 2)

(Note: For the Building, the type of soil is categorized to be softsoil (Type III) as per

Cl. 6.3.5.2)

The approximate fundamental natural period of vibration (Ta), in seconds may be

estimated by the empirical expression:

Ta = 0.085 h0.75 for steel frame building

Where;h = Height of building, in m.

The design base shear (Vb) computed in Cl.7.5.3 shall be distributed along

the height of the building as per the following expression:

Qi =Vb*

Where,

Qi = Design lateral force at floor i,

Wi = Seismic weight of floor i,

hi = Height of floor i measured from base, and

n = Number of storeys in the building is the number of levels at which the masses

are located.

Note: In calculating the seismic weight of floors, the full dead load at each storeys is

considered, while the imposed load is considered as per following criteria (IS

1893:2002, Table 8)

If IL ≤ 3 kN/m2 -consider only 25% of IL

For Roofs - NIL

The load assumed to be produced by the wind effect in the structure due to

the internal and external pressure difference in the building. It is calculated as per

IS875-1987 Part 3.

6. Load Combinations

For design of steel elements, the following load combination has been considered

according to Indian Standard (working state):

Load WL

DL LL ELx ELy

combination

1 1.0 1.0 - - -

2 1.0 1.0 - - 1.0

3 1.0 - - - 1.0

4 1.0 - 1.0 - -

5 1.0 - - 1.0 -

6 1.0 1.0 1.0 - -

7 1.0 1.0 - 1.0 -

7. Structural Analysis:

7.1 Method:

Type: All the Structural elements of steel structure are designed to Limit State

Theory.

Program Used: SAP200 version 20 is used for the analysis and design of three-

dimensional structures, in which the spatial distribution of the mass and stiffness of

the structure is adequate for the calculation of the significant features of structures.

7.2 Conditions:

Since, all the post is rigidly connected to the foundation; we can assume

that there would be no any deflection or rotation of these post at the base. Hence,

the supporting conditions for post are fixed.

The 3D model of building is as shown below:

9. Load Calculation

A Dead Load Loads

1 Metal Roofing : 50 N/m2

2 Insulation Load : 50 N/m2

3 Other accessories wt of false ceiling : 50 N/m2

Total DL : 150 N/m2

Maximum spacing of purlin : 0.848 m

Dead Load /m : 0.13 kN/m

B 2)

Slope of roof in degrees : 22

.75-0.02*(22- kN/m

2

Live Load : 10)

kN/m

2

: 0.51

Maximum spacing of purlin : 0.848 m

Live Load/m 0.43 kN/m

Vz=Vb*k1*k2*

1 Design wind speed, : k3

vb : 50 m/s

k1 : 1

k2 : 1.05

k3 : 1

Vz : 52.5 m/s

2 Design wind pressure, Pz : 0.6*Vz2

kN/m

2

: 1.65

3 Wind Load (F) : (Cpe-Cpi)*Pd*A

h/w : 1.53

Cpe : -0.8

Cpi : -0.5

Maximum spacing of purlin : 0.848 m

kN/m

2

F/A : (-0.8-0.5)*1.6

kN/m

2

: -2.08

Wind Load/m : -1.76 kN/m

Seismi

Load Time Soil Time Base

Directi Importan c

Patte Perio Z Typ R Perio Ah Shear

on ce Factor Weight

rn d e d (T) (kN)

(kN)

0.3 0.09

EQx X 0.2 III 1 5 0.2 28.91 2.602

6 0

0.3 0.09

EQy Y 0.2 III 1 5 0.2 28.91 2.602

6 0

Joint Reaction

Load

Point Load

Grid Combinati

Label Fz(kN)

on

170 C2 DL+IL 5.517

171 A2 DL+IL 5.517

172 B2 DL+IL 13.054

173 A1 DL+IL 5.517

174 B1 DL+IL 13.054

175 C1 DL+IL 5.517

Foundation Design

Safe Bearing Capacity of

: N/mm2

concrete(0.25fck) 5

Pu (From SAP) : 14000 N

Required Area(Pu/SBC) : 2800 mm2

52.91

Size of Base Plate(L=B) : mm

5

Post Size (a) : 75 mm

Post Size (b) : 75 mm

Projection of the Base

: mm

Plate from the Post 62.5

Providied Base Plate

200 X 200

Check Ok

Permissible Bending

: 185 N/mm2

Stress

Intensity of pressure from

concrete under the base : 0.35 N/mm2

slab(Pu/L*B)

Projection of the Base

: 62.5

Plate from the Post(a) mm

Projection of the Base

: 62.5

Plate from the Post(b) N/mm2

Thickness required : 4.08 N/mm2

Thickness provided : 6 mm

Check Ok

3) Calculation of Weld

Size of weld : 3 mm

Allowable Shear strength

108 N/mm2

of weld :

Strength of Weld : 226.8 N

61.72

Required length : 8 mm

Check : Ok

: N/m2

soil 0

: mm

Pedrestral Required 2

Length =Breadth of

Concrete Pedestral : 400 mm

Provided

Depth Required : 100 m

Provided Depth : 300 mm

5) Design of Anchor

Bolt

Design Force : 14000 N

116.6

Stress Area Required : 7 N/mm2

Diameter

selected(Minimum) : 16 mm

No. : 4

Stress Area Provided : 768 N/mm2

198.9

Length of each bolt : 4 mm

Length of each

provided : 250 mm

1400

Axial Force (Pu) : 0 N (From SAP Analysis)

3920

Proof Load : 0 N

Use M10 bolt with Proof Load 33700 N

1.163

No. of Bolt Required : 2

Use 4, high Strength M10-8.8

bolts

Thickness of Thicker member

Size of Weld(S) 3

Throat

Over Upto Minimum Size

thickness(kS) 1.875 mm

Plate thickness 3 mm 0 10 3

P LtTvf 10 20 5

Effective Length of

20 32 6

Weld Required 69.14 mm

Provided Weld

32 50 8

Length 300 mm

Member : 197

Axial Force (Pu) : 19600 N (Max Load at the junction)

Proof Load : 54880 N

Use M10 bolt with Proof Load

33700

1.6284

No. of Bolt : 9

Use 2, high Strength M10-8.8 bolts

Pu (Member=197

Label) 19600 N (Max Load at the junction)

Size of Weld(S) 3

Throat thickness(kS) 1.875 mm

Plate thickness 3 mm

P LtTvf

Effective Length of 96.79 mm

Weld Required

Provided Weld Length 70 mm

395700

Moment 0 Nmm

The number of interface 1

14383.

Proof Load : 6 N

Use M12 bolt with Proof Load 50700 N

No. of Bolt Required : 0.2837

12035.

Shear per Bolt : 7 N

No. of Bolts from moment 3.8953

consideration 9

Thus Providing 4-M12 Bolt

h 155 mm

22.142

h/7 9

yn 117.86

∑yn 271.43

∑ yn2 28418.37

M' 3.468031 kN.m

T 14.38268 kN

Direct Shear 0.366929 kN

T 14.38268

1.051850549 Safe

Drift Check

Drift X direction 4.5

h 2400

Drift Limitation 9.6 mm

Drift Y direction

h 4.2

Drift Limitation 2400 mm

Manual Design

Data:-

Angle 21.8 degree

No. of purlin 8

Width/Span of truss 3.66 metre

Spacing of purlins 0.848 metre

spacing of trusses (Length of Purlin between

1.3 metre

truss)

Purlin Design

Dead Load: DL

Weight of GI Sheet 191 N/m^2

Distance between purlin = 0.85 m

Weight of roofing = 161.97 N/m

Assumed self-weight = 90 N/m

Total = 251.968 N/m

Total Dead Load (W)= 327.56 N

Live Load: LL

N/m^2 of plan

Live load on purlin = 514

area

404.7009

Total live load on purlin N/m

74

Live Load per person

(kg/person) on one

Live load = 75

purlin

Live load = 750 N

Wly = LL*cos(21.8) = 696.364 N

Wlz = LL*sin(21.8) = 278.526 N

Design Summary:

304.1

Wdy = DL *cos(21.8) = 233.95 N/m

3

121.6

Wdz = DL*sin(21.8) = 93.57 N/m

4

488.4

Wly = LL*cos(21.8) = 375.76 N/m

9

195.3

Wlz = LL*sin(21.8) = 150.29 N/m

8

Bending moment along Dead Load:DL

49.42166

My = wl^2/8 = N-m

64

19.76725

Mz = wl^2/8 = N-m

63

Bending moment along Live Load:LL

79.37911

My = wl^2/8 = N-m

38

31.74938

Mz = wl^2/8 = N-m

04

OR

226.3184

My = wl/4 = N-m

2

90.52090

Mz = wl/4 = N-m

99

Since Live load 750N/m^2 is smaller than per

person, so we go with per person live load on

purlin

275.7400

Total Moment : Mty = N-m

87

110.2881

Total Moment : Mtz = N-m

66

Check:

Calculation of Section Modulus: rect. Pipe

D1= 50

D2= 50

d1= 42

d2= 42

t= 4

Iy= (1/12(D^4-d^4))= 261525.3 mm^4

Ix= (1/12(D^4-d^4))= 261525.3 mm^4

Zy = I/0.5D 10461.0 mm^3

10.5 cm^3

Zx = I/0.5D 10461.0

10.5 cm^3

165

Allowable stress of Steel =

N/mm^2

Mtz/Zx + Mty/Zy< 150 N/mm^2

Hence,

36.90161179 < 165

Safe

Deflection:

0.433501

δy=5/384 (WyL^3/EI) mm

1

0.173388

δx=5/384 (WxL^3/EI) mm

07

0.466890

δ (Sqrt(δy^2+δx^2)= mm

38

Hence

δlim (L/200)= 6.5 mm

O.K

Spacing between truss 1.3 metre

Length of Rafter (span of truss) 2.033 metre

Sq.

Plan Area 2.6429

metre

2 • Rafter Design

Weight of CGI sheet with plywood

191 N/m^2

=

Weight of CGI sheet with plywood

504.7939 N

=

Weight of Purlin=No. of

purlin*spacing of truss*Unit wt. 158.6 N

of purlin*10

342.666666

Weight of Live Load on truss = N/m^2 (for flat)

7

For Slope 21.8 degree,

840.868085

Weight of Live Load = N

7

1504.26198

Total Weight N

6

739.922275

UDL N/m

3

Assumedsq.

self-weight of truss = 50 N/m Pipe

50X50X4mm

789.922275

Total Load N/m UDL+self wt.

3

N/mm^

All. Bending Stress of steel = 150

2

Bending moment of Rafter 408.102383 since UDL so

N-m

(wl^2/8) = 4 wl^2/8

408102.383

= N-mm

4

mm^3

(BM/All. Stress) = 6

2.72068255

= cm^3

6

Check:

Calculation of Section Modulus:

rect. Pipe

D1= 50

D2= 50

d1= 42

d2= 42

t= 4

261525.333

Iy= (1/12(D^4-d^4))= mm^4

3

261525.333

Ix= (1/12(D^4-d^4))= mm^4

3

10461.0133

Znet= I/0.5D mm^3

3

10.4610133

cm^3

3

Deflection:

3.35914611

δ=5/384 (WyL^3/EI) mm

8

Joint

N/m^

1 weight of cgi sheet with plywood 191 2

4584 N

2 Weight of purlin 233 N

N/m^

3 Weight of live load on truss 342.66 2 for flat

7635.7188

Weight of live load on inclined 83 N for 21.8 degree slope

4 Self weight of truss 50 N/m

300 N

12752.718

Total Weight or force on roof covering 88 N

6376.3594

Total shear force on 1 column 41 N

78.539816 mm^

Bolt Area 34 2

Mpa or

Shear stress of Bolt 85 N/mm^2

13351.768

Total shear force withstand by 2 bolts 78 N

column

Fig. depicting Roofing Finishes Load assignment

Fig. depicting Wind Load assignment

Fig. depicting Earthquake Load assignment

10. Output:

After all the

loading information is

provided in the structural

model, SAP2000

analyses the structure and

gives the required output

(i.e. exact stress, support

reactions, axial force,etc.)

Some of the output

information as

obtained from SAP2000

after analyzing the

structure is shown as

below.

Figure depicting Post Design

Figure depicting Beam Design

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