0 Up votes0 Down votes

0 views25 pagesJun 18, 2019

© © All Rights Reserved

PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd

© All Rights Reserved

0 views

© All Rights Reserved

- Neuromancer
- The E-Myth Revisited: Why Most Small Businesses Don't Work and
- How Not to Be Wrong: The Power of Mathematical Thinking
- Drive: The Surprising Truth About What Motivates Us
- Chaos: Making a New Science
- The Joy of x: A Guided Tour of Math, from One to Infinity
- How to Read a Person Like a Book
- Moonwalking with Einstein: The Art and Science of Remembering Everything
- The Wright Brothers
- The Other Einstein: A Novel
- The 6th Extinction
- The Housekeeper and the Professor: A Novel
- The Power of Discipline: 7 Ways it Can Change Your Life
- The 10X Rule: The Only Difference Between Success and Failure
- A Short History of Nearly Everything
- The Kiss Quotient: A Novel
- The End of Average: How We Succeed in a World That Values Sameness
- Made to Stick: Why Some Ideas Survive and Others Die
- Algorithms to Live By: The Computer Science of Human Decisions
- The Universe in a Nutshell

You are on page 1of 25

Complex Number

A complex number Z is a number in the

form of:

𝒂 + 𝒋𝒃

where a and b are constants, and 𝒋 is the

imaginary number 𝒋 = −𝟏 .

b is called the imaginary part of z or Im(Z)

Forms of Complex Number

1. Rectangular form 𝒂 + 𝒋𝒃

2. Polar form 𝒓∠𝜽

𝒋𝜽

3. Exponential form 𝒓𝒆

(Euler’s form)

r is known as Modulus of Z

𝒓= 𝒂𝟐 + 𝒃𝟐 or Mod(Z)

𝒃 𝜽 is known as Argument of Z

𝜽= 𝒕𝒂𝒏/𝟏 or Arg(Z)

𝒂

Powers of 𝒋

𝒏

𝒋 = 𝟏, if 𝑛 𝑚𝑜𝑑 4 = 0

𝒏

𝒋 = 𝒋, if 𝑛 𝑚𝑜𝑑 4 = 1

𝒋𝒏 = −𝟏, if 𝑛 𝑚𝑜𝑑 4 = 2

𝒏

𝒋 = −𝒋, if 𝑛 𝑚𝑜𝑑 4 = 3

Problem #1

Determine the equivalent value of the

following powers of 𝒋

𝟓

1. 𝒋

𝟐𝟎

2. 𝒋

𝟑𝟐𝟓

3. 𝒋

𝟐𝟗𝟕𝟑

4. 𝒋

𝟏𝟑𝟖𝟒

5. 𝒋

Operations on Complex Number

Let 𝒛 = 𝒂 + 𝒋𝒃 and 𝒘 = 𝒄 + 𝒋𝒅

𝒛 + 𝒘 = (𝒂 + 𝒄) + 𝒋(𝒃 + 𝒅)

𝒛 − 𝒘 = (𝒂 − 𝒄) + 𝒋(𝒃 − 𝒅)

𝒛𝒘 = 𝒂 + 𝒋𝒃 𝒄 + 𝒋𝒅

𝒛 𝒂 + 𝒋𝒃

=

𝒘 𝒄 + 𝒋𝒅

𝒛G = 𝒂 − 𝒋𝒃

Conjugate

𝒘

H = 𝒄 − 𝒋𝒅

Problem #2

Let 𝒛 = 𝟑 + 𝒋𝟐 and 𝒘 = 𝟕 − 𝒋𝟒,

Determine the value of the following:

1. 𝒛 + 𝒘 H

2. 𝒛 + 𝒘 H 𝒛

𝒘

3. + 𝒘𝒘

H

𝒛G

Problem #3

Let 𝒛𝟏 = 𝒋𝟐, 𝒛𝟐 = 𝟏 − 𝒋, 𝒛𝟑 = 𝟐 − 𝒋𝟑

Determine the value of the following:

𝟐

1. 𝒛𝟏 𝒛𝟐 + 𝒛𝟑

𝒛𝟏 J𝒛𝟐

2.

𝒛𝟏 𝒛𝟐

Graphical Representation

Let 𝒛 = 𝒂 + 𝒋𝒃 = 𝒓∠𝜽

Im(z)

Argand Diagram

b z 𝒓= 𝒂𝟐 + 𝒃𝟐

r 𝒃

/𝟏

𝜽 𝜽= 𝒕𝒂𝒏

Re(z) 𝒂

a

Problem #4

Convert the following into polar and

exponential form

1. 4 + 𝑗4

2. −1 − 𝑗 3

3. 4 − 𝑗3

Problem #5

Convert the following into rectangular

form:

1. 3∠(45°)

2. 4∠(60°)

Q

P

3. 6𝑒 R

Multiplication and Division of Polar

and Exponential Form

Let

𝒋𝜽

𝒛𝟏 = 𝒓𝟏 ∠𝜽𝟏 = 𝒓𝟏 𝒆 𝟏

𝒋𝜽

𝒛𝟐 = 𝒓𝟐 ∠𝜽𝟐 = 𝒓𝟐 𝒆 𝟐

𝒋(𝜽 J𝜽 )

𝒛𝟏 𝒛𝟐 = 𝒓𝟏 𝒓𝟐 ∠ 𝜽𝟏 + 𝜽𝟐 = 𝒓𝟏 𝒓𝟐 𝒆 𝟏 𝟐

𝒛𝟏 𝒓𝟏 𝒓𝟏 𝒋(𝜽 /𝜽 )

= ∠ 𝜽𝟏 − 𝜽𝟐 = 𝒆 𝟏 𝟐

𝒛𝟐 𝒓𝟐 𝒓𝟐

Problem #6

Let 𝑧T = 2∠15°, 𝑧U = 3∠75°, 𝑧W =

Q

P

4𝑒 X . Determine the following:

1. 𝑧T 𝑧U 𝑧W

YZ

2.

Y[ Y\

De Moivre’s Theorem

If n is any positive integer, then the nth power

of the complex number 𝑧 = 𝑎 + 𝑗𝑏 = 𝑟∠𝜃 =

Pa

𝑟𝑒 is given by

𝒏 𝒏 𝒏 𝒋 𝒏𝜽

𝒛 = 𝒓 ∠ 𝒏𝜽 = 𝒓 𝒆

Problem #7

Evaluate the following:

b

1. 1 + 𝑗

c/PW W

2.

b/PW

Q W

eX

Ud

3.

T∠cb°

Roots of Complex Number

It is the converse of De Moivre’s Theorem.

𝟏 𝟏 𝜽 + 𝟐𝝅𝒌 𝟏 𝜽J𝟐𝝅𝒌

𝒛𝒏 = 𝒓𝒏 ∠ = 𝒓𝒏 𝒆 𝒏

𝒏

k = 0, 1, 2, …, n-1

Problem #7

Evaluate the following:

Z

1. 1+𝑗 \

Z

2. 5∠20° h

Z

3. 1 h

Trigonometric and Hyperbolic

Functions of Complex Numbers

sin(𝑎 ± 𝑗𝑏) = sin 𝑎 cosh 𝑏 ± 𝑗 cos 𝑎 sinh 𝑏

Problem #8

Evaluate the following:

1. sin(2 + 𝑗3)

2. cosh(5 + 𝑗4)

3. tan(−𝑗2)

4. tanh(4 − 𝑗2)

Exponential Functions of Complex

Numbers

Let 𝑧 = 𝑎 + 𝑗𝑏

Y sJPt

𝑒 =𝑒

Y s Pt

𝑒 = 𝑒 ⋅𝑒

Pt

𝑒 = cos 𝑏 + 𝑗 sin 𝑏 = 1∠𝑏

𝒛 𝒂

𝒆 = 𝒆 ∠𝒃

Problem #9

Evaluate the following:

/TJPU

1. 𝑒

W/P

2. 2

Natural Logarithm Functions of

Complex Numbers

Pa

Let 𝑧 = 𝑎 + 𝑗𝑏 = 𝑟𝑒

Pa

ln 𝑧 = ln 𝑟𝑒

Pa

ln 𝑧 = ln 𝑟 + ln 𝑒

𝐥𝐧 𝒛 = 𝐥𝐧 𝒓 + 𝒋𝜽

Problem #10

Evaluate the following:

1. ln(−5)

2. ln(𝑗3)

3. ln 1 − 𝑗 3

4. log P (1 + 𝑗)

5. log UJP (1 + 𝑗)

Complex Number raised to

Complex Number

Let 𝑧 = 𝑎 + 𝑗𝑏 = 𝑟𝑒 Pa and 𝑤 = 𝑐 + 𝑗𝑑

𝑧 | = 𝑎 + 𝑗𝑏 }JP~

| Pa }JP~

𝑧 = 𝑟𝑒

| •€ •JPa }JP~

𝑧 = 𝑒

Let 𝑝 + 𝑗𝑞 = (ln 𝑟 + 𝑗𝜃)(𝑐 + 𝑗𝑑)

𝒘 𝒑J𝒋𝒒 𝒑

𝒛 = 𝒆 = 𝒆 ∠𝒒

Problem #11

Evaluate the following:

/TJPU

1. 3 + 𝑗

/W/P

2. 𝑗

/PU

3. 2 − 𝑗

Pe

4. 𝑗

- Indefinite Integration.(vmc module)Uploaded byHardik Kumar
- ib hl aa textbook exercises pdfUploaded byapi-369430795
- DifferentiationUploaded byrodwellhead
- UEM8Uploaded bymasyuki1979
- Matlab Commands.pdfUploaded bysoumencha
- On RAM Finite Hyperbolic TransformsUploaded byInternational Organization of Scientific Research (IOSR)
- Math and Mech Problems LMHUploaded byaem
- FP2pp_jan13Uploaded byJW1212
- Vector Applications 2Uploaded bySurya Pappu
- CH1 MAthsUploaded byCharles Santhiyagu
- essential calculusUploaded byYahia Bob
- Matlab Summary and TutorialUploaded byEric Shi
- mathsanew , Intermediate I year Sample Question PapersUploaded byAkshay Pandey
- Introduction to MatlabUploaded byapi-3693527
- Mandeep ppt.pptxUploaded bykaoni
- Evaluation of the Equivalent Slip Modulus of Nailed Connections for.pdfUploaded byHusseinali Hussein
- Time Cost RelationshipUploaded bygthpmcsamras
- Nda 64 Answer 683Uploaded byGurpreet Gaba
- 200356969-cheat-sheet-Boas-Mathematical-methods-in-the-physical-sciences.pdfUploaded byZeeshan sharif
- MultivariableUploaded byHari Mudzah
- Complex MindlinUploaded bybabel_stan
- ABFormulasUploaded byrheoguq
- TestSolution-DPS MATH Mock Test Periodic Test-1 (SAT-A) Class-X 0110Uploaded byamartya
- Gnuplot ShortUploaded bymcuneyth
- TrigonometryUploaded byPrachi
- The Hexagon Trig Trick2Uploaded bysh1k1_12
- TrigonometryUploaded byExercitus
- ODE - May 2012 (UTP FINAL EXAM)Uploaded byRabiathul Eleena
- Chapter 01 Trig ReviewUploaded bybng11cal
- Trig Identities PptUploaded byZeck Aviel Alcantara

- mechanics.pdfUploaded byKebeck75
- Unit 2 _Act 2_ Powers and Roots _4º ESO_Uploaded bylumaromartin
- FPE6e Appendices WDEFGUploaded bycarsont1
- 38 ComplexUploaded byMihir Chauhan
- A-Complex Numbers Phasors and Circuts.pdfUploaded bySajjad Fattah
- 4U hsc questions by topics 1990 to 2006 and summary.docUploaded byyingy0116
- 124902173 Advanced Algebra IIUploaded bybratista
- Complex_Numbers_ECE_115Uploaded byDan Kot
- Single Photon Wave FunctionUploaded byFrank Lipsky
- Past Year Midsem Qm016(New)Uploaded byQaseh Amalina
- PNAS-2006-Gardner-6094-9.pdfUploaded byHaripriya Radhakrishnan
- 2 - Scalars in MATLAB®Uploaded bykim haksong
- EE-SEMESTER-I-VIII-HPTU-SYLLABUS.pdfUploaded byAnonymous HGD9CHZ
- Sage TutorialUploaded byPhilipeWernerSepúlveda
- Roots of PolynomialsUploaded byJoseph Cloyd L. Lamberte
- Detailed Syllabus It 2004Uploaded bySreedath Namangalam
- Complex Number Theory_EUploaded bythinkiit
- Math182.SummerUploaded bySteven Diaz
- Non Spatial FieldsUploaded byMariano Serrano
- MA132 - FoundationsUploaded byRebecca Rumsey
- dynamisUploaded bycomputer_777
- Wc Mock 2011 Mathematics Specialist 3cd - Section 1 - SolutionsUploaded byFred
- CQC.pdfUploaded byEstructurApps
- 1. Introduction to Complex Numbers.pdfUploaded byBryan Nuril Inzaghi
- Aiits Schedule - 2015Uploaded byharshit
- Summary of Syllabus Mathematics G100Uploaded byTrain_7113
- Differential EquationsUploaded byperu1975
- Exam Review Math169Uploaded byDavid Jhon
- Worktext in Electric Circuits 2Uploaded byChris Real Pabia
- Chap1Uploaded byRaghav Agrawal

## Much more than documents.

Discover everything Scribd has to offer, including books and audiobooks from major publishers.

Cancel anytime.