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Kuta Software - Infinite Calculus Name___________________________________

Volumes of Revolution - Washers and Disks Date________________ Period____

For each problem, find the volume of the solid that results when the region enclosed by the curves is
revolved about the x-axis.
2 2) y = 2 x + 2
1) y = − x + 1
2
y=0 y=x +2
y y
8 8

6 6

4 4

2 2

−8 −6 −4 −2 2 4 6 8 x −8 −6 −4 −2 2 4 6 8 x
−2 −2

−4 −4

−6 −6

−8 −8

For each problem, find the volume of the solid that results when the region enclosed by the curves is
revolved about the given axis.

3) y = x + 1 4) x = − y 2 + 2
2
y=x +1 x= y
Axis: y = −1 Axis: x = −2
y
8 y
8
6
6
4
4
2
2

−8 −6 −4 −2 2 4 6 8 x
−8 −6 −4 −2 2 4 6 8 x
−2
−2
−4
−4
−6
−6
−8
−8

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For each problem, find the volume of the solid that results when the region enclosed by the curves is
revolved about the given axis. You may use the provided graph to sketch the curves and shade the
enclosed region.
2
5) y = x − 2 6) x = y+3
y = −2 y
x= +3
x=2 2
Axis: y = −2 Axis: x = 1
y
8
y
8
6
6
4
4
2
2
−8 −6 −4 −2 2 4 6 8 x
−2 −8 −6 −4 −2 2 4 6 8 x
−2
−4
−4
−6
−6
−8
−8

Critical thinking questions:

7) Use the method of disks to derive the formula for the volume of a sphere of radius r.

8) A 6 cm diameter drill bit is used to drill a cylindrical hole through the middle of a sphere of radius 5 cm.
What is the volume of the resulting object?

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Kuta Software - Infinite Calculus Name___________________________________

Volumes of Revolution - Washers and Disks Date________________ Period____

For each problem, find the volume of the solid that results when the region enclosed by the curves is
revolved about the x-axis.
2 2) y = 2 x + 2
1) y = − x + 1
2
y=0 y=x +2
y y
8 8

6 6

4 4

2 2

−8 −6 −4 −2 2 4 6 8 x −8 −6 −4 −2 2 4 6 8 x
−2 −2

−4 −4

−6 −6

−8 −8

1 2

∫ (− x 2 + 1) 2 dx ∫ ((2 x + 2) − (x )
2
+ 2) dx
2 2
π π
−1 0
16 48
= π ≈ 3.351 = π ≈ 30.159
15 5
For each problem, find the volume of the solid that results when the region enclosed by the curves is
revolved about the given axis.

3) y = x + 1 4) x = − y 2 + 2
2
y=x +1 x= y
Axis: y = −1 Axis: x = −2
y
8 y
8
6
6
4
4
2
2

−8 −6 −4 −2 2 4 6 8 x
−8 −6 −4 −2 2 4 6 8 x
−2
−2
−4
−4
−6
−6
−8
−8
1

∫ (( )
2
x + 2) − ( x 2 + 2) dx
2
π 1

∫ ((− y )
2
+ 4) − ( y + 2) 2 dy
0 2
π
49 −2
= π ≈ 5.131
30 108
= π ≈ 67.858
5

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For each problem, find the volume of the solid that results when the region enclosed by the curves is
revolved about the given axis. You may use the provided graph to sketch the curves and shade the
enclosed region.
2
5) y = x − 2 6) x = y+3
y = −2 y
x= +3
x=2 2
Axis: y = −2 Axis: x = 1
y
8
y
8
6
6
4
4
2
2
−8 −6 −4 −2 2 4 6 8 x
−2 −8 −6 −4 −2 2 4 6 8 x
−2
−4
−4
−6
−6
−8
−8
2
π
∫ ( x 2) 2 dx 4 2

∫( ( ))
0 2 y
32
π ( y + 2) − +2 dy
= π ≈ 20.106 0
2
5 = 8π ≈ 25.133

Critical thinking questions:

7) Use the method of disks to derive the formula for the volume of a sphere of radius r.
r
r


x3
x2 + y2 = r2, y = r2 − x2 , V = π
−r
( 2
r −x
2
) 2
(
dx, V = r 2 x −
3 ) −r
4 3
, V = πr
3

8) A 6 cm diameter drill bit is used to drill a cylindrical hole through the middle of a sphere of radius 5 cm.
What is the volume of the resulting object?
4
V =π
∫ −4
(( 25 − x 2 )2 − 9) dx = 256π
3
cm 3

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