You are on page 1of 23

e a c h in gtoaTeaching

nedit
d Le
Mastera r
and
Mastern in g
Learningw it h
with
titletitle
style Te c h n
Technology
style olog

Chapter 6

Academic
Software

Te aching and
Teaching and Le arning with
Learning Te chnology
with Technology Allyn
Allynand
andBacon
Bacon2002
2005
2005
toAcademic
edit
Master
Master Software
titletitle
stylestyle
• Supports and enriches teaching and
learning
• May include commercial or teacher-made
software
• Costs vary so review and evaluate
carefully
• Ranges from business to learning
software

Te aching and
Teaching and Le arning with
Learning Te chnology
with Technology Allyn
Allynand
andBacon
Bacon2005
2002
2005
toAcademic
edit
Master
Master Software
titletitle
stylestyle

Authoring Systems
• Assist teachers in creating instructional
software
• Academic software varies by
– Type of hardware required
– Operating system necessary to run
them

Te aching and
Teaching and Le arning with
Learning Te chnology
with Technology Allyn
Allynand
andBacon
Bacon2005
2002
2005
toAcademic
edit
Master
Master Software
titletitle
stylestyle
Authoring Systems
• Hypermedia authoring systems help
teachers create linked electronic
“cards” to teach specific concepts
• Web authoring systems help
teachers create create multimedia
software to use on a Web site

Te aching and
Teaching and Le arning with
Learning Te chnology
with Technology Allyn
Allynand
andBacon
Bacon2005
2002
2005
toAcademic
edit
Master
Master Software
titletitle
stylestyle

Authoring Systems
• Multimedia Authoring Systems
• Can create simple to sophisticated
multimedia software
• Teachers can make customized
reviews, tutorials, and lessons

Te aching and
Teaching and Le arning with
Learning Te chnology
with Technology Allyn
Allynand
andBacon
Bacon2005
2002
2005
toAcademic
edit
Master
Master Software
titletitle
stylestyle
Desktop Publishing
• Electronically design and layout
pages
• Create and arrange text, word
art, and graphic objects
• May include a web authoring
component
• Useful for creating handouts,
transparency masters, etc.
Te aching and
Teaching and Le arning with
Learning Te chnology
with Technology Allyn
Allynand
andBacon
Bacon2005
2002
2005
toAcademic
edit
Master
Master Software
titletitle
stylestyle
Graphics Software
• Can create, capture, and/or
manipulate electronic
images
• Most productivity software
includes libraries of
graphic images (clip art)
• Enables you to create or
edit any type of digital
images
Te aching and
Teaching and Le arning with
Learning Te chnology
with Technology Allyn
Allynand
andBacon
Bacon2005
2002
2005
toAcademic
edit
Master
Master Software
titletitle
stylestyle
Paint Programs
• Create and manipulate
digital pictures
• Include tools such as pens
and brushes
• Can be used for simple
enhancements or to create
high-end digital artwork

Te aching and
Teaching and Le arning with
Learning Te chnology
with Technology Allyn
Allynand
andBacon
Bacon2005
2002
2005
toAcademic
edit
Master
Master Software
titletitle
stylestyle
Draw Programs
• Create and manipulate digital
drawings
• Use layered, arranged
objects instead of paint tools
to create sophisticated
drawings
• Can create drawings, add
objects that emphasize
points, or create collages
Te aching and
Teaching and Le arning with
Learning Te chnology
with Technology Allyn
Allynand
andBacon
Bacon2005
2002
2005
toAcademic
edit
Master
Master Software
titletitle
stylestyle
Imaging Software
• Turns hard copy into digital
images
• Packaged with scanners
• With OCR features, can
convert hard copy into a
word processed document
• Photo-styling software edits
and manipulates scanned or
digital photos
Te aching and
Teaching and Le arning with
Learning Te chnology
with Technology Allyn
Allynand
andBacon
Bacon2005
2002
2005
toAcademic
edit
Master
Master Software
titletitle
stylestyle
Reference Software
• Digital version of reference materials
• Usually on CDs
• Often stored in a hypermedia format
– Includes text, sound, animation, video,
and graphics
– can be navigated via links

Te aching and
Teaching and Le arning with
Learning Te chnology
with Technology Allyn
Allynand
andBacon
Bacon2005
2002
2005
toAcademic
edit
Master
Master Software
titletitle
stylestyle
Tutorial Software
• Presents new material in an instructional
sequence
• May be linear or use a hypermedia format
• Typically includes feedback
• Lets students proceed at their own rate
• Not very interactive
• May include classroom management
Te aching and
Teaching and Le arning with
Learning Te chnology
with Technology Allyn
Allynand
andBacon
Bacon2005
2002
2005
toAcademic
edit
Master
Master Software
titletitle
stylestyle
Drill & Practice Software
• Reinforces existing skills
• Usually linear sequence
– Presents key points
– Asks review questions
• Provides feedback and further review
• May be called “drill & kill”—it’s repetitive
• May include classroom management
Te aching and
Teaching and Le arning with
Learning Te chnology
with Technology Allyn
Allynand
andBacon
Bacon2005
2002
2005
toAcademic
edit
Master
Master Software
titletitle
stylestyle
Educational Games
• Present or review content in a game format
• Solve mysteries by applying knowledge
• Board/Card Game simulations
– superimpose content on traditional games
• Video games add content to arcade style
• Some controversy exists
– Does gaming overwhelm instruction?
Te aching and
Teaching and Le arning with
Learning Te chnology
with Technology Allyn
Allynand
andBacon
Bacon2005
2002
2005
toAcademic
edit
Master
Master Software
titletitle
stylestyle

Simulations
• Present a virtual model of an environment
• Provide safe way to experience reality
• Examples include flying an airplane or
conducting a chemical experiment
• Advantages over real experiences
– Opportunity to adjust speed
– Safety

Te aching and
Teaching and Le arning with
Learning Te chnology
with Technology Allyn
Allynand
andBacon
Bacon2005
2002
2005
toAcademic
edit
Master
Master Software
titletitle
stylestyle
Special Needs Software
• Can target to specific learning disabilities
• Sometimes used with assistive hardware
– Provides support for special needs
learners
• Readers can read scanned or computer
text aloud
• Speech synthesizers can turn spoken
word into computer text
Te aching and
Teaching and Le arning with
Learning Te chnology
with Technology Allyn
Allynand
andBacon
Bacon2005
2002
2005
toAcademic
edit
Master
Master Software
titletitle
stylestyle

Assistive Software and Hardware


• Universal design offers material in
strongest learning mode for the individual
student with or without special needs
• Can help with social/recreational
interaction
• www.cec.sped.org: Excellent Resource for
information on special needs

Te aching and
Teaching and Le arning with
Learning Te chnology
with Technology Allyn
Allynand
andBacon
Bacon2005
2002
2005
toAcademic
edit
Master
Master Software
titletitle
stylestyle
Integrated Learning Systems
• Provide instruction and/or remediation
– Addressed to target objectives
• May include tutorials, drill and practice,
and classroom management
• Usually sold as a bundle
• Difficult to fully implement in classroom

Te aching and
Teaching and Le arning with
Learning Te chnology
with Technology Allyn
Allynand
andBacon
Bacon2005
2002
2005
toAcademic
edit
Master
Master Software
titletitle
stylestyle
Problem Solving Software
• Helps students practice problem solving
skills
• May be content-oriented or content-neutral
• Offers opportunities to learn
– Doing
– Test hypotheses
– Discover strategies to solve problems
• In math and science, can test concepts
taught
Te aching and
Teaching and Le arning with
Learning Te chnology
with Technology Allyn
Allynand
andBacon
Bacon2005
2002
2005
toAcademic
edit
Master
Master Software
titletitle
stylestyle
Computer Assisted Instruction (CAI)
• Originally CAI was drill and practice
software
• Now, CAI includes software that
– Tutors, reviews, and/or provides feedback
• Not to be confused with Computer Managed
Instruction (CMI)
• May adjust content level based on
correctness of student responses
Te aching and
Teaching and Le arning with
Learning Te chnology
with Technology Allyn
Allynand
andBacon
Bacon2005
2002
2005
toAcademic
edit
Master
Master Software
titletitle
stylestyle

Brainstorming or Concept
Mapping Software
• Visually develops ideas
and concepts
• Creates connections
among ideas
• Encourages creativity and
deeper understanding

Te aching and
Teaching and Le arning with
Learning Te chnology
with Technology Allyn
Allynand
andBacon
Bacon2005
2002
2005
toAcademic
edit
Master
Master Software
titletitle
stylestyle
Brainstorming / Concept Mapping
• You can easily
– Add and edit ideas
– Organize ideas in relation to others
– See the completed cohesive whole
concept
• Generates visual digital maps of a
brainstorming session
Te aching and
Teaching and Le arning with
Learning Te chnology
with Technology Allyn
Allynand
andBacon
Bacon2005
2002
2005
toAcademic
edit
Master
Master Software
titletitle
stylestyle
Academic Software in
Teaching and Learning
• Many software choices and factors to be
considered that teachers must make careful
decisions
• Review and evaluation are critical steps
before acquisition
• Software should address objectives
• Support and enhance teaching

Te aching and
Teaching and Le arning with
Learning Te chnology
with Technology Allyn
Allynand
andBacon
Bacon2005
2002
2005