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ADLs

Activities of daily living are routine activities people do every day without assistance.
There are six basic ADLs: eating, bathing, getting dressed, toileting, transferring and
continence.

Activities of Daily Living


 Bathing: getting into a tub or shower
 Dressing: putting on any necessary item of clothing (including undergarments) and any
necessary braces, fasteners or artificial limbs
 Transferring: getting into a bed, chair or wheelchair
 Toileting: getting to and from the toilet
 Continence
 Eating

The ADLs are increasingly being used to measure disability. The most often used
measure of functional ability is the Katz Activities of Daily Living Scale (Katz et al.,
1963; Katx, 1983). In this scale, the set of tasks assessed are bathing, dressing,
transferring, using the toilet, continence, and eating.

"Instrumental activities of daily living," or IADL's are activities related to independent


living and include preparing meals, managing money, shopping for groceries or
personal items, performing light or heavy housework, doing laundry, and using a
telephone. Instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs) are not necessary for
fundamental functioning, but they let an individual live independently in a community:
Cleaning and maintaining the house. Managing money. Moving within the community.
Preparing meals.