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TAJUK: ASID DAN ALKALI

a) Dennis mahu mengenalpasti larutan Y. dia telah meletakkan sekeping kertas litmus
merah dan biru dalam larutan Y. Hasil yang diperoleh adalah seperti dalam jadual
berikut.
Dennis wants to identify an unknown solution Y. He dipped red and blue litmus
papers in solution Y. The results he obtained are shown in the table given.

Ujian/ Test Pemerhatian/ Observation


Kertas litmus biru/ Blue litmus paper Kekal warna biru/ Remains blue
Kertas litmus merah/ Red litmus paper Bertukar kepada warna biru/ Turns blue

i) Cadangkan satu contoh bagi larutan Y.


Suggest one example for Y solution.
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[1markah/1 mark]

ii) Jelaskan jawapan anda di a(i)


Explain your answer in a(i)
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[1markah/1 mark]

iii) Selain kertas litmus, nyatakan penunjuk asid-alkali lain yang anda ketahui
Beside litmus papers, give another acid-alkali indicator that you know.
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[1markah/1 mark]
iv) Adakah kertas litmus sesuai untuk menentukan kekuatan asid bagi suatu bahan
berasid atau bagi bahan beralkali? Jelaskan jawapan anda.
Is litmus paper suitable to determine the strength of an acidic or alkaline
substance? Explain your answer.
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[2markah/2 marks]
b) Peneutralan adalah satu proses tindak balas antara asid dan alkali dan menghasilkan
garam. Anda diberi beberapa bahan berikut untuk menjalankan prosedur pentitratan:
Neutralisation is a process of reaction between acid and alkali and produce salt. You
are provided with the following materials to run the titration:
1. Asid hidroklorik
Hydrochloric acid
2. Larutan natrium hidroksida
Sodium hydroxide solution
3. Fenolftalein
Fenolftalein
4. Kelalang kon
Conical flask
5. Kaki retort
Retort stand
6. Buret
Burette

Lengkapkan prosedur berikut dalam bentuk ayat.


Complete the following procedure in the form of sentences.
Langkah-langkah/Procedurs:
1. Isi 30ml asid hidroklorik ke dalam buret. Catatkan bacaan awal buret.
Fill 30ml of hydrochloric acid in the burette. Record the initial reading.
2. _______________________________________________________________
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3. _______________________________________________________________
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4. _______________________________________________________________
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[3markah/3marks]

c) Apabila seorang kanak-kanak disengat lebah, ibu bapa lazimnya akan meletakkan ubat
gigi pada kawasan sengatan lebah. Jelaskan mengapakah ubat gigi disapukan pada
Kawasan sengatan lebah tersebut?
When a child is stung by bees, parents will usually place a toothpaste on a bee sting
area. Explain why toothpaste is applied to the bee sting area?

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[2markah/2marks]