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Effect of Effectiveness Of Warm Compress And Tepid Water Sponge In Lose Body

Temperature Toodler Age 1-5 Years In Patients With Fever

Fever occurs due to the inability of the heat loss mechanism to offsetting excessive heat

production resulting in an increase in falling temperatures. Fever is not dangerous if under 390C,

and single measurement does not describe fever. In addition to clinical signs, the determination

of fever is also based on the reading temperature at different times of day and compared with

normal values such individuals (Potter & Perry, 2009).

A fever is increase in body temperature associated with disability the body to remove heat or

even reduce heat production is called hyperthermia. Fever is a change in the rise of the setting

point, whereas hyperthermia occurs due to an excessive load on the body’s temperature

regulating mechanism (Avner, 2009).

In children aged between two months to three years, there are tan the risk of serious illness due

to the lack of G immunoglobulin is an ingredient for the body for the body to form a

complementary system infection. Symptoms of fever can be ascertained from examination of

higher body temperature than normal range. It says fever, if on rectal temperature measurement

>380C or temperature oral >37,80C or axillary temperature >37,20C whereas in infants aged

urang of 3 months, it is said to be a fever if the rectal temperature is >380C and in infants older

than 3 months if axillary and oral temperature of more than 38,30C (Greg Kelly, 2006).

The high fever temperature in children will be at risk of suffering from fluid deficits the body

due to fluid loss in accordance with the proportion of their body weight. Important for

maintaining proper intake and output and ensuring fluid input (Soedarmo, 2010).
If the child loses fluid and electrolyte (dehydration) the existing electrics in the blood vessel is

reduced, whereas in the process of metabolism in the hypothalamus anterior require the

electrolyte. So fluid and electrolyte defects affect anterior hypothalamic function, in maintaining

the balance of thermoregulation and ultimately and ultimately causing fever (Maryunani, 2010).

Symptoms of fever that appear ranging from high fever, lazy, headache, constipation or diarrhea,

rose spot on the chest and hepatosplenomegaly (WHO, 2006). Management of fever is very

useful to reduce discomfort the patient felt. In addition to symptomatic and causative therapy,

medications, fever can be lowered by skin compress (Edwards, 2005).

It has been known two kind compress the skin, namely tepid water sponge and warm

compresses. But compress warm has been widely used in the community compared to tepid

water sponge. A compress is a piece of gauze bandage moistened with warm liquid has been

programmed (Potter & Perry, 2005). According to medical dictionaries (Edwards, 2005). The

compress are derived from the compact of the language which means the bearing of linen or

other material which are folded, subjected to pressure, sometimes containing medicine, can be

wet or dry, hot or cold. According to (Harold, 2007) defines warm compresses as use hot the

moist by entering the woll into the warm water then squeezed. The tepid water sponge compress

is a warm compressing technique that combines technique of block compresses in supervisial

blood vessels by seka technique (Alves, 2008). Compress is one of the physical methods to

degrade body temperature when the child has a fever. During this cold or ice pack into a habit

that applied the mother when her child has a fever. In addition, alcohol compress are also known

as ingredients for compressing. But compress using ice is not recommended because in fact the

fever does not go down even up and can cause children to cry, shiver, and bluish. A better

method is to compress tepid sponge (Thomas, 2009).