© All Rights Reserved

0 views

© All Rights Reserved

- strength of material Chapter 3
- Tensile Testing
- A NONLINEAR NUMERICAL MODEL FOR ANALYZING REINFORCED CONCRETE STRUCTURES.pdf
- Progressive collapse of reinforced concrete structures a study to the dynamic load factor used to include the dynamic nature of progressive collapse
- Design by First Principle
- Mekanika Teknik
- What Are the Conditions to Check the Interstoy Drift Using CSI Etab
- Bolt and Weld Connections-1
- 1434113600_the-complete-book-on-rubber-processing-and-compounding-technology.pdf
- P-07-76
- Al–Cu alloys during ECAP
- 0835486930000_3. Tensile Test of Mild Steel
- Development in Steel Roadway Support
- Question Bank 2
- The Effects of Loading Rate and Duration on the Axial Behavior of Low
- TRANSLate.docx
- Informe Mantequilla
- Objective
- Standart Iso 13314
- Slides.ppt

You are on page 1of 10

between external applied loads and their internal

effects on bodies.

STRENGTH OF Moreover, the bodies are no longer assumed to be

ideally rigid; the deformations however small, are the

MATERIALS major interest.

The properties of the materials of which a structure

Mechanics of or machine is made affect both its choice and the

Deformable Bodies dimensions that will satisfy the requirements of

strength and rigidity.

It includes the study of the strength capabilities and

characteristics of selected materials.

The subject matter includes discussions of the Study of the relationship between externally applied

fundamental concepts of stresses and strains loads and their internal effects on rigid bodies.

experienced and/or developed by different materials

in their loaded state and subjected to different RIGID BODY – bodies which neither change in

conditions of constraint. shape and size after the application of forces.

FREE BODY DIAGRAM – Sketch of the isolated body

Understanding of how bodies or materials respond to showing all the forces on it.

applied load is the main area of emphasis.

THREE MAJOR DIVISIONS OF MECHANICS

1. Mechanics of Rigid Bodies – Engineering Mechanics

2. Mechanics of Deformable Bodies – Strength of

Materials

3. Mechanics of Fluids - Hydraulics

The strength of a material is its ability to withstand Yield Strength - the stress

an applied stress without failure level at which a material

Two categories -> Yield Strength and Ultimate begins to deform plastically.

Strength

Yield strength refers to the point on the engineering Ultimate Strength - It is the

stress-strain curve beyond which the material begins maxima of the stress-strain

deformation that cannot be reversed upon removal of curve. It is the point at

the loading which necking will start.

Ultimate strength refers to the point on the

engineering stress-strain curve corresponding to the Fracture Strength - The

maximum stress. stress calculated

A material's strength is dependent on its immediately before the

microstructure. fracture.

1

Analysis of internal forces Analysis of internal forces

inner forces of a member subjected to an external Mxy

load situation can be determined. So far neither

the material nor the type of cross section applied

for the member are being taken into account. Pxy

But both material and type of cross section Pxx

Mxx

obviously have an impact on the behavior of the x

member subjected to load.

Pxz

how the internal forces act along its cross section Mxz

z

needs to be taken.

component measures These are components

the pulling (or pushing) of the total resistance

action over the section. to sliding the portion to

A pull represents a one side of the

tensile force which selection pass the

tends to elongate the other. The resultant

member whereas a shear force is usually

push is a compressive designated by V and its

force which tends to components by Vy and

shorten it. It is often Vz to identify their

denoted by P. directions.

component measures the body tends to change its shape or deform. The

resistance to twisting the body is said to be strained.

member and is commonly STRESS – is defined as the strength of material

given the symbol T. per unit area. It is the force on a member divided

Mxy, Mxz (Bending by the area which carries the force. In symbol;

Movements) – These 𝑃

components measure the 𝜎=

resistance to bending the 𝐴

member about the Y or Z Where: σ = stress

axes and are often P = force

denoted by My or Mz.

A = area

2

Fundamental concept of stress Kinds of stresses

Axial Stress – the type of stress wherein the force

Units English Metric applied is perpendicular or normal to the area. It

σ, Stress psi (lbs/in2), Pa (N/m2) can be tensile or compressive stress.

ksi (kips/in2) Shearing Stress – the type of stress wherein the

P, Force pounds, kips N, kN force applied is parallel to the area

A, Area sq. in. (m2) (mm2), m2 Bearing Stress – is the constant pressure between

separate bodies. It differs from the compressive

1 MPa = 1x106 Pa = 1x106 N/m2 stress as it is an internal stress caused by the

compressive force.

1 kip = 1000 pounds (lbs)

1 ksi = 1000 psi Torsional Stress – stress produced due to torque

Note: 1 N/mm2 = 1 MN/m2 = 1 MPa Bending Stress – stress developed due to bending

of the member

STRENGTH OF

MATERIALS

Mechanics of

Deformable Bodies

Axial stress may be tensile, 𝜎𝑡 or compressive, 𝜎𝑐 Determine the axial stress on members BD, CE &

and result from forces acting perpendicular to the CD of the truss shown. Assume cross-sectional

plane of the cross-section area of each member is 900mm².

Tension

Compression

section of a member only depends on the external

load applied (e.g. a normal force F) and the

geometry of its cross section A (true for statically

determinant systems).

3

AXIAL Stress problem 1 AXIAL Stress problem 1

FBD

Av

To get the force AV:

𝜮ME = 0

AV(6) – 200(3) – 100(1.5) + 50(3) = 0

Av Ev AV(6) = 200(3) + 100(1.5) – 50(3)

AV = 100kN

To get the stress of member BD, use the formula:

PBD

σBD =

A

100kN

B σBD =

BD Av

900mm2

To get force BD,

σBD = 111.11MPa compression

CD 𝜮MC = 0

3m CE

AV(3) – BD(3) = 0

A C

200kN

100(3) – BD(3) = 0

Av=100kN BD = 100kNcompression

To get the stress of member CE, use the formula:

PCE

σCE =

A

100kN

B BD=100kN D 50kN

σCE =

Av

900mm2

To get force CE,

σCE = 55.55MPa tension

𝜮MD = 0 A 3m C CE

200kN

CE

BD= =50kN

1 tension

4

AXIAL Stress problem 1 AXIAL Stress problem 1

B BD=100kN

To get the stress of member CD, use the formula:

PCD

CD σCD =

A

CE=50kN

3m

111.81kN

A C σCD =

Av=100kN

200kN Av

900mm2

To get force CD, σCD = 124.23MPa tension

θ = tan−1

3

𝜮MA = 0

1.5

3m 200(3) – BD(3) – CDV(3) = 0

θ = 63.43°

θ 200(3) – 100(3) – CD(sin63.43)(3) = 0

1.5m CD = 111.81kNtension

An aluminum tube is rigidly fastened between a

bronze rod and a steel rod as shown. Axial loads

are applied at the positions indicated. Determine

the stress in each material.

For Bronze,

𝜮FX = 0

PB = 20kN

PB 20,000N

σB = =

AB 700mm2

σB = 28.57MPa compression

𝜮FX = 0 𝜮FX = 0

20kN − 15kN = PA 20kN − 15kN − 15kN + PS = 0

PA = 5kN PS = 10kN

PA 5,000N PS 10,000N

σA = = σS = =

AA 1,000mm2 AS 800mm2

σA = 5MPa compression σS = 12.5MPa tension

5

AXIAL Stress problem 3 AXIAL Stress problem 3

A 12in. square steel bearing plate lies between an

8in. diameter wooden post and a concrete footing.

Determine the maximum value of the axial load P

if the stress in wood is limited to 1800psi and in

concrete is limited to 650psi. For concrete,

For wood, PC

PW σC =

σW = AC

AW

lbs PC

lbs PW 650 =

1800 = 2

in2 12in 12in

in2 8in

𝜋 PC = 93,600lbs

4

PW = 90,477.87lbs Pmax = 90,477.87lbs

A homogenous 150kg bar AB carries a 2kN force

as shown. The bar is supported by a pin at B and

a 10mm diameter cable CD. Determine the stress

in the cable.

𝜮MB = 0

4 150 ∗ 9.81 3

PCD 3 −2 6 − =0

5 1000

PCD = 6.84kN tension

Determine the largest weight W which can be

supported by the two wires shown. The stresses in

π wires AB and AC are not to exceed 100MPa and

A= 10 2 = 25πmm2 150MPa respectively. The cross-sectional areas of

4

PCD 6.84kN 103 N/kN the two wires are 400mm2 for wire AB and

SCD = = 200mm2 for wire AC.

A 25πmm2 B C

A

SCD = 87.09MPa tension 30o 45o

6

AXIAL Stress problem 5 AXIAL Stress problem 5

FBD P = AS

𝜮Y = 0 For AC:

ACY = WY

AC = (200)(150) = 30000N

AC sin 75 = W sin 60

AC = 0.897W 0.897W = 30,000

W = 33,444.82N

𝜮H = 0 W = 33,444.82N

For AB:

ABH = ACH

AB cos 30 = AC cos 45 AB = 400(100) = 40,000

AB cos 30 = 0.897W cos 45 0.732W = 40,000

AB = 0.732W W = 54644.81N

The Bell Crank shown is in equilibrium. ΣMD = 0

Determine the required diameter of the connecting 30kN sin 60 240mm − P 200mm = 0

rod AB if its axial stress is limited to 100MPa.

P = 31.18 kN

P

σAB =

A AB

N 31.18 x 103 N

100 =

mm2 πd2

4

d = 19.92mm

Say: d = 20mm

STRENGTH OF

MATERIALS

Mechanics of

Deformable Bodies

7

shearing Stress shearing Stress

Shear Stresses are produced by equal and

Shearing Stress is produced whenever the applied opposite parallel forces not in line.

load cause one section of a body to tend to slide

past its adjacent section.

The forces tend to make one part of the material

V slide over the other part.

τ=

A Shear Stress is tangential to the area over which

Where

it acts.

τ – shear stress

V – shear force Shear Stress is a measure of the internal

A – area in shear resistance of a material to an externally applied

shear load.

The rivet resists shear across its cross-sectional Bolt resists shear across two cross-sectional

area. areas.

Single Shear Double Shear

ΣFy = 0

P = 2V

P

V=

2

A circular slug is about to be punched out of a A hole is to be punched out of a plate having an

plate. ultimate shearing stress of 300MPa. If the

compressive stress in the punch is limited to

Punching Shear 400MPa. Determine the maximum thickness of

the plate from which a hole of 100mm in diameter

ΣFy = 0 can be punched. If the plate is 10mm thick,

P=V compute the smallest diameter hole that can be

punched.

Ashear = C * t

Ashear = πdt

8

shearing Stress problem 1 shearing Stress problem 1

For punching force, P

P Solving for thickness, t

σc =

Ac

N P V

400 = τp =

mm2 π(100mm)2 Av

4 V

𝐏 = 𝟑. 𝟏𝟒 𝐱 𝟏𝟎𝟔 𝐍 τp =

πdt

First Situation First Situation N 3.14 x 106 N

For shear force, V 300 =

τp = 300MPa τp = 300MPa mm 2 π 100 mm t

ΣFy = 0

σc = 400MPa σc = 400MPa t = 33.33 mm

P=V

d = 100mm d = 100mm

𝟑. 𝟏𝟒 𝐱 𝟏𝟎𝟔 𝐍 = 𝐕

P ΣFy = 0

σc =

Ac P=V

P

σc = πd2 100πd2 = V

πd2 P = σc V

4 4 τp =

Av

N πd2

P = 400 100πd2

mm2 4 τp =

Second Situation πdt Second Situation

N πd2

P = 400 τp = 300MPa N 100πd2 τp = 300MPa

mm2 4 300 =

σc = 400MPa mm2 πd 10 mm σc = 400MPa

𝐏 = 𝟏𝟎𝟎𝛑𝐝𝟐 t = 10mm d = 30 mm t = 10mm

The end chord of a timber truss is framed into the P=50KN

bottom chord as shown in the figure. Neglecting b

friction, compute dimension b if the allowable

30o

shearing stress is 900kPa. c

V

P=50KN τ=

Av

b V = PH

30o V = 50cos30

c

V = 43.3kN

N 43.3x103 N

0.90 2 =

mm 150 mm (b)

b = 320.74mm

9

shearing Stress problem 3 shearing Stress problem 3

The Bell Crank shown is in equilibrium. ΣMD = 0

Determine the shearing stress in the pin at D if its 30kN sin 60 240mm − P 200mm = 0

diameter is 20mm. P = 31.18 kN

ΣFH = 0

DH = P + 30kN cos 60

DH = 31.18 kN + 30kN cos 60

DH = 46.18 kN DH

ΣFV = 0

DV

DV = 30kN sin 60

Dv = 25.98kN 𝐃 = 𝟓𝟐. 𝟗𝟖𝐤𝐍

V

τ=

A

52,980N

τ= π

2 ∗ 20mm 2

4

τ = 84.33MPa

59

10

- strength of material Chapter 3Uploaded bynaserunn
- Tensile TestingUploaded byAric Ng
- A NONLINEAR NUMERICAL MODEL FOR ANALYZING REINFORCED CONCRETE STRUCTURES.pdfUploaded bydxzaber
- Progressive collapse of reinforced concrete structures a study to the dynamic load factor used to include the dynamic nature of progressive collapseUploaded bylangxuzeng
- Design by First PrincipleUploaded bysaam456
- Mekanika TeknikUploaded byardiyansyah189
- What Are the Conditions to Check the Interstoy Drift Using CSI EtabUploaded byRatul Ranjan
- Bolt and Weld Connections-1Uploaded byReza Muhamad Toufany
- 1434113600_the-complete-book-on-rubber-processing-and-compounding-technology.pdfUploaded byPraveen Mani
- P-07-76Uploaded byErcan Kökden
- Al–Cu alloys during ECAPUploaded byAslı Gunay
- 0835486930000_3. Tensile Test of Mild SteelUploaded byAnshuman Dash
- Development in Steel Roadway SupportUploaded byKrolina Caicedo
- Question Bank 2Uploaded byCholan Pillai
- The Effects of Loading Rate and Duration on the Axial Behavior of LowUploaded byMohamad Reza
- TRANSLate.docxUploaded byAgustina Elfira Ridha
- Informe MantequillaUploaded byCamila Buenaventura
- ObjectiveUploaded byhan
- Standart Iso 13314Uploaded byKitana Handa
- Slides.pptUploaded bySyahril Syafiq
- ms.docxUploaded byAkash Sahoo
- Dip. SoM Lab ManualUploaded byAnil Chaudhary
- Lesson 4 - Simple StrainUploaded byPatrick John Mondarte
- Lecture 1.pdfUploaded byZulfadzli Ridzuan
- Lecture 1 Introduction to the Failure of Engineering Materials.pdfUploaded byZulfadzli Ridzuan
- Chap 01-Tension, Compression, And ShearUploaded byMuhammad Fahim
- 10.1007_s11595-011-0302-5Uploaded byjoamirhenrique_10316
- ijmer-46010107-140714061310-phpapp01Uploaded bylazem.360
- Engg Materialstheirproperties 130619131416 Phpapp02Uploaded byKith
- Lecture7 Pure BendingUploaded byTaylor Hend

- ch14Uploaded byMushini Nagabhushan
- activity3 3.0.docxUploaded byCloie Chavez
- 1.docxUploaded byCloie Chavez
- VIIICSIE133Uploaded byCloie Chavez
- MAPUA SEM APPLICATION FORM.docxUploaded byCloie Chavez
- 2Q1617-MATH23-1-FE copyUploaded byCloie Chavez
- ICE-lecture-revised-8-24-18.pdfUploaded bySarah Minette Sumaoang
- 1Uploaded byCloie Chavez
- 299902949-ThermoDynamics-Conversion-Table.pdfUploaded byCloie Chavez
- ENGN.2060 Assignment 02 SolutionUploaded byCloie Chavez
- FLOWCHART SYMBOLS.docxUploaded byCloie Chavez
- hqahhsUploaded byCloie Chavez
- Chapter II ProductivityUploaded byCloie Chavez
- 2-Tables-Charts-Review.pdfUploaded byCloie Chavez
- 157_50425_EA321_2012_1__3_1_Chapter 2Uploaded byCloie Chavez
- To Write Me150p-1Uploaded byCloie Chavez
- Bouldering 101.pdfUploaded byCloie Chavez
- Dried MangoUploaded byCloie Chavez
- 405Uploaded byCloie Chavez
- 1305659724_531170Uploaded byCloie Chavez
- Module 8. the Future SelfUploaded byCloie Chavez
- Module 7. Unfolding the Emerging Facets of the SelfUploaded byCloie Chavez
- Hw1Uploaded byCloie Chavez
- Thomas HobbesUploaded byCloie Chavez
- Scoresheet_Math10-4Uploaded byCloie Chavez

- Service Manual Acer Aspire 5530 5530G SeriesUploaded bySoporte Tecnico Buenos Aires
- Influence of Joint Eccentricity and Rigidity on the Load Capacity of a Space Truss Sub-AssemblageUploaded byJosé Afonso Gayoso
- SQL Syntax informixUploaded byreelea
- Sharing of Data Using Key Aggregation and Searchable EncryptionUploaded byEditor IJRITCC
- LogUploaded bybrissxx
- Astrocel Afp 1 110Uploaded byXavi X Qunqi
- Esquema Sistema Electrico 797BUploaded byGonzalo Araya
- Chemical IndustryUploaded bySilvaACA
- Www Stanford EduUploaded byehrior
- Gent by Honeywell- A6 Installers GuideUploaded byStanley Mills
- HCD-HPX7Uploaded bybetoizq
- 1245_3Uploaded byMuhammad Reza Aditya
- Understanding Power Quality ProblemsUploaded byKumar Surender
- sparc-s7-2-s7-2l-ds-3049064Uploaded byPraveen Kumar
- Timers and Counters Instruction Plc Tutorial[1]Uploaded byViorelDuca
- ProjectUploaded byvasajamun
- GedizUploaded byapi-3736892
- Comparative Study of Cost and Power Consumption of HVAC System Using Phase Change MaterialUploaded byEditor IJRITCC
- Spec Compliance S-Band PDsUploaded byRAMARAJU
- Restore and Recovery of the Database on a New HostUploaded byalejandromora
- AUV Design- Shape, Drag and Practical IssuesUploaded byleiser123
- Ocean Thermal Energy ConversionUploaded byRahul Kumar Yadav
- s2p2Uploaded bySangeeta Panda
- EN(1386)Uploaded byreacharunk
- Archived Christie Cinema Solutions BrochureUploaded bykeen
- Mountain Lion AutodeskUploaded byAnkit Garg
- Repetitive Chart COLOR ENGUploaded bydasdsadas
- Brochure SikaFuko Injection Hose SystemsUploaded bymailmaverick8167
- Objectives of Subsurface ExplorationUploaded byNageshwaran Bjlc
- EForensics 08 2014 TeaserUploaded byHiepHenry