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FSK MODEM
Type NSK5

Instruction Manual
1KHL015989-EN

ABB Power Automation Ltd.


1KHL015989-EN
Release 1.0, 13. Jul. 99
Instruction Manual NSK5

List of pages

This guide contains 156 pages.

Publication date of the master edition and amendments:

Edition Date
1.0 Master edition

Section File Amendment index


I 015989_I.DOC
II 015989_II.DOC
1 015989_01.DOC
2 015989_02.DOC
3 015989_03.DOC
4 015989_04.DOC
5 015989_05.DOC
6 015989_06.DOC
7 015989_07.DOC
8 015989_08.DOC
9 015989_09.DOC
10 015989_10.DOC
11 015989_11.DOC

Annex File Amendment index


A 015989_A.DOC
B 015989_B.DOC
C 015989_C.DOC
D 015989_D.DOC
E 015989_E.DOC
F 015989_F.DOC

Author’s address:

ABB Power Automation Ltd.


Utility Communication Systems
Department NK
CH-5300 Turgi / Switzerland
Tel.: +41 56 299 29 70
Fax: +41 56 299 34 61
E-mail: siegfried.flogaus@ch.abb.com
Internet: http://www.abb.ch/chpau

© ABB Power Automation Ltd

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1KHL015989-EN
Instruction Manual NSK5

About this Document

This instruction manual for the NSK5 applies


for the modem G4AE/G4AF with the software version 1.1.00
and for the modem G4AK with the software version 1.0.00

We reserve all rights to this document, even in the event that a patent is issued and a different
commercial proprietary right is registered. Improper use, in particular reproduction and dissemi-
nation to third parties, is not permitted.

This document has been carefully checked. If the user nevertheless detects any errors, he is
asked to notify us as soon as possible.

The data contained in this manual is intended solely for the product description and is not to be
deemed to be a statement of guaranteed properties. In the interests of our customers, we con-
stantly seek to ensure that our products are developed to the latest technological standards.
As a result, it is possible that there may be some differences between the product and the prod-
uct description or the instruction manual

ABB Power Automation Ltd Release 1.0, 13.07.99 I- 2


1KHL015989_EN
 1 Introduction and Safety Instructions

2 Product Overview

3 Mechanical Design

4 Technical Data

5 Description of Operation

6 Application

7 Operation with ETL Power Line Carrier

8 Programming

9 Installation and Commissioning

10 Operation and Maintenance

11 Storage, Decommissioning and Disposal

12 Annexes
Instruction Manual NSK5

TABLE OF CONTENTS
1. INTRODUCTION ...................................................................................................1-1
1.1 Using the manual ..................................................................................................1-1
1.2 Intended use of the NSK5......................................................................................1-1
1.3 Requirement on the operator.................................................................................1-1
1.4 Requirement on the service personnel ..................................................................1-2
1.5 Guarantee provision ..............................................................................................1-2
1.6 Safety instructions .................................................................................................1-2
1.6.1 Presentation of safety information .........................................................................1-2
1.6.1.1 In this instruction manual .......................................................................................1-2
1.6.1.2 On the equipment ..................................................................................................1-3
1.6.2 Basic principles .....................................................................................................1-3
1.6.3 General instructions...............................................................................................1-3
1.6.4 Product-specific safety instructions........................................................................1-4

2. PRODUCT OVERVIEW.........................................................................................2-1
2.1 Introduction ...........................................................................................................2-1
2.2 Features ................................................................................................................2-1
2.3 Application.............................................................................................................2-2
2.4 Equipment options.................................................................................................2-3
2.4.1 NSK5 modems ......................................................................................................2-3
2.4.1.1 G4AF modem ........................................................................................................2-3
2.4.1.2 G4AE modem........................................................................................................2-3
2.4.1.3 G4AK modem........................................................................................................2-3
2.4.2 G7BF tier...............................................................................................................2-3
2.4.3 Power supply modules ..........................................................................................2-3
2.4.3.1 G3HN module........................................................................................................2-3
2.4.3.2 G3HO module .......................................................................................................2-3

3. MECHANICAL DESIGN........................................................................................3-1
3.1 Modem G4AE / G4AF / G4AK ...............................................................................3-1
3.2 NSK5 tier...............................................................................................................3-2
3.3 Power supply modules ..........................................................................................3-3

4. TECHNICAL DATA...............................................................................................4-1
4.1 System data ..........................................................................................................4-1
4.1.1 Environmental conditions.......................................................................................4-1
4.1.2 Data transmission..................................................................................................4-1
4.1.3 Channel specific data ............................................................................................4-2

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4.2 Modem.................................................................................................................. 4-3


4.2.1 General ................................................................................................................. 4-3
4.2.2 Transmitter............................................................................................................ 4-3
4.2.3 Receiver................................................................................................................ 4-4
4.2.4 Regenerator .......................................................................................................... 4-5
4.2.5 Output contacts..................................................................................................... 4-6
4.2.6 Data interface........................................................................................................ 4-7
4.2.7 Power supply input................................................................................................ 4-8
4.2.8 EMC...................................................................................................................... 4-8
4.2.9 Insulation .............................................................................................................. 4-9
4.2.10 Insulation resistance ............................................................................................. 4-9
4.3 Tier ..................................................................................................................... 4-10
4.3.1 General ............................................................................................................... 4-10
4.3.2 Alarm .................................................................................................................. 4-10
4.3.3 EMC.................................................................................................................... 4-10
4.3.4 Insulation ............................................................................................................ 4-11
4.3.5 Electrical safety................................................................................................... 4-11
4.4 Power supply modules ........................................................................................ 4-12
4.4.1 Input.................................................................................................................... 4-12
4.4.2 Output ................................................................................................................. 4-12
4.4.3 Interference levels............................................................................................... 4-12
4.4.4 Over temperature cutout ..................................................................................... 4-12
4.4.5 Insulation ............................................................................................................ 4-12
4.4.6 Mechanical.......................................................................................................... 4-12

5. DESCRIPTION OF OPERATION.......................................................................... 5-1


5.1 Modem, hardware and software description.......................................................... 5-1
5.1.1 Introduction to hardware description ..................................................................... 5-1
5.1.2 Power supply ........................................................................................................ 5-3
5.1.3 Power supply supervision...................................................................................... 5-3
5.1.4 Watchdog.............................................................................................................. 5-3
5.1.5 Common alarm ..................................................................................................... 5-4
5.1.6 Data interface (X6 and X2).................................................................................... 5-4
5.1.7 TX and RX counters.............................................................................................. 5-4
5.1.8 CTS Delay ............................................................................................................ 5-4
5.1.9 Carrier supervision delay and hold ........................................................................ 5-4
5.1.10 RTS contact .......................................................................................................... 5-5
5.1.11 TX clock ................................................................................................................ 5-5
5.1.12 Parallel I/O ............................................................................................................ 5-5
5.1.13 System timing and serial I/O ................................................................................. 5-5
5.1.14 Analogue input ...................................................................................................... 5-5

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5.1.15 Analogue output ....................................................................................................5-6


5.1.16 Local loopback ......................................................................................................5-6
5.1.17 Select standby (only G4AF)...................................................................................5-6
5.1.18 Introduction to software description .......................................................................5-7
5.1.19 Transmitter ............................................................................................................5-8
5.1.20 Receiver ................................................................................................................5-8
5.1.21 Fault monitoring.....................................................................................................5-8
5.1.22 Self tests ...............................................................................................................5-9
5.1.23 Half-duplex operation ............................................................................................5-9
5.2 Tier......................................................................................................................5-10
5.2.1 General ...............................................................................................................5-10
5.2.2 Alarms .................................................................................................................5-10
5.3 Power supply modules ........................................................................................5-12
5.3.1 G3HN ..................................................................................................................5-12
5.3.2 G3HO ..................................................................................................................5-12

6. APPLICATION ......................................................................................................6-1
6.1 Line interface.........................................................................................................6-1
6.1.1 Line connections ...................................................................................................6-1
6.1.2 Line termination impedance...................................................................................6-2
6.1.3 Baudrate and frequency allocation ........................................................................6-5
6.1.4 2-wire operation.....................................................................................................6-6
6.1.4.1 Introduction ...........................................................................................................6-6
6.1.4.2 Channel position....................................................................................................6-6
6.1.4.3 Level planning .......................................................................................................6-8
6.1.4.4 Half-duplex operation ............................................................................................6-8
6.1.5 Transmit settings ...................................................................................................6-8
6.1.5.1 Introduction ...........................................................................................................6-8
6.1.5.2 Noise considerations .............................................................................................6-9
6.1.5.3 Maximum level on transmission channel ...............................................................6-9
6.1.5.4 Maximum output drive voltage.............................................................................6-10
6.1.5.5 Maximum out of band receive level .....................................................................6-11
6.1.5.6 Calculations of the peak level ..............................................................................6-11
6.1.6 Receive sensitivity and level ................................................................................6-12
6.1.6.1 Introduction .........................................................................................................6-12
6.1.6.2 Setting the receive level.......................................................................................6-12
6.1.6.3 Factors determining the receiver sensitivity setting..............................................6-13
6.1.7 Amplitude and group delay equalization ..............................................................6-14
6.1.7.1 Effect of a non linear frequency response............................................................6-14
6.1.7.2 Effect of a non linear group delay response.........................................................6-15
6.1.7.3 Selecting an equalization filter .............................................................................6-15
6.1.8 Regenerator ........................................................................................................6-17
6.1.9 Continuous transmitting supervision ....................................................................6-17
6.1.10 Auto switch-over (only G4AF modems) ...............................................................6-18

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6.2 Data interface, alarms and power supply ............................................................ 6-19


6.2.1 Data interface...................................................................................................... 6-20
6.2.1.1 Definitions of the abbreviations used................................................................... 6-21
6.2.1.2 Functional description of grounding signals......................................................... 6-21
6.2.1.3 Functional description of input signals (from DTE to DCE) ................................. 6-21
6.2.1.4 Functional description of output signals (from DCE to DTE)............................... 6-22
6.2.1.5 Extra input and output signals ............................................................................. 6-24
6.2.1.6 Data signals ........................................................................................................ 6-25
6.2.2 Half-duplex operation .......................................................................................... 6-27
6.2.3 Regenerator ........................................................................................................ 6-28
6.2.4 Local loopback test ............................................................................................. 6-29
6.2.5 Modem self tests................................................................................................. 6-31
6.2.6 RTS contact output ............................................................................................. 6-33
6.2.7 Carrier alarm ....................................................................................................... 6-33
6.2.8 Common alarm ................................................................................................... 6-33
6.2.9 Interfacing the NSK5 to the ED 1601 / ED 1602.................................................. 6-34
6.2.10 Interfacing the NSK5 to the ED 1624 .................................................................. 6-35
6.2.11 Interfacing the NSK5 to the Phoenix power optocoupler ..................................... 6-36
6.2.12 Interfacing three modems NSK5 with adapter V9MS in an intermediate station .. 6-37
6.2.13 Modem power supply .......................................................................................... 6-38

7. OPERATION WITH ETL POWER LINE CARRIER............................................... 7-1


7.1 Inserting into ETL40 and ETL80 family.................................................................. 7-1
7.1.1 Level settings ........................................................................................................ 7-3
7.1.1.1 Transmit level settings .......................................................................................... 7-3
7.1.1.2 Receive sensitivity settings ................................................................................... 7-4
7.1.2 Termination........................................................................................................... 7-4
7.1.3 Common Alarm ..................................................................................................... 7-4
7.1.4 Channel frequency allocation ................................................................................ 7-5
7.1.5 V9LA cable ......................................................................................................... 7-10
7.2 Inserting into ETL500 Release 1 ......................................................................... 7-12
7.2.1 Level settings ...................................................................................................... 7-15
7.2.1.1 Transmit level settings ........................................................................................ 7-15
7.2.1.2 Receive sensitivity settings ................................................................................. 7-16
7.2.2 Termination......................................................................................................... 7-16
7.2.3 Common Alarm ................................................................................................... 7-16
7.2.4 Channel frequency allocation .............................................................................. 7-17
7.2.5 V9MU external cable........................................................................................... 7-21
7.3 Inserting into ETL500 family Release 3 ............................................................... 7-23
7.3.1 Level settings ...................................................................................................... 7-26
7.3.1.1 Transmit level settings ........................................................................................ 7-26
7.3.1.2 Receive sensitivity settings ................................................................................. 7-27
7.3.2 Termination......................................................................................................... 7-27

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7.3.3 Common Alarm ...................................................................................................7-27


7.3.4 Channel frequency allocation ..............................................................................7-28
7.3.5 7.2.5 V9OB external cable...................................................................................7-32

8. PROGRAMMING ..................................................................................................8-1
8.1 Modem ..................................................................................................................8-1
8.1.1 Type G4AE/G4AF .................................................................................................8-1
8.1.2 Type G4AK............................................................................................................8-2
8.1.3 Baudrate and channel frequency ...........................................................................8-3
8.1.4 Transmit level ........................................................................................................8-5
8.1.5 Receive sensitivity .................................................................................................8-6
8.1.6 Equalization filters .................................................................................................8-8
8.1.7 Half-duplex Operation............................................................................................8-9
8.1.8 Regenerator ..........................................................................................................8-9
8.1.9 Continuous transmitting supervision ......................................................................8-9
8.1.10 Auto switch-over (only G4AF modems) ...............................................................8-10
8.1.11 Line termination impedance.................................................................................8-10
8.1.12 DTR.....................................................................................................................8-10
8.1.13 RTS.....................................................................................................................8-10
8.1.14 X6 Pin 15 / X2:a8 Output function........................................................................8-11
8.1.15 TX clock ..............................................................................................................8-11
8.1.16 Signal ground (pin7) to protective earth connection .............................................8-11
8.1.17 Frame ground / cable shield (pin 1) to protective earth connection ......................8-12
8.1.18 CTS on delay.......................................................................................................8-12
8.1.19 DCD Alarm contact output ...................................................................................8-12
8.1.20 Alarm power supply .............................................................................................8-13
8.1.21 Carrier alarm indication .......................................................................................8-13
8.1.22 Carrier alarm contacts .........................................................................................8-13
8.2 Tier......................................................................................................................8-14

9. INSTALLATION AND COMMISSIONING .............................................................9-1


9.1 Safety instruction...................................................................................................9-1
9.2 Mechanical inspection ...........................................................................................9-2
9.3 Assembly...............................................................................................................9-2
9.4 Identification of parts .............................................................................................9-3
9.5 Installation of power supply and alarm cables........................................................9-3
9.5.1 AC supply..............................................................................................................9-4
9.5.2 DC-Supply (”9'& ..........................................................................................9-4
9.5.3 DC-Supply (”9'& ........................................................................................9-4
9.6 Connections to modem..........................................................................................9-5

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9.6.1 Modem connections to X1..................................................................................... 9-6


9.6.2 Modem connections to X2..................................................................................... 9-7
9.6.3 Modem connections to X6..................................................................................... 9-8
9.6.4 Modem connections to X7, X8 and X9 .................................................................. 9-9
9.7 Connections to tier .............................................................................................. 9-10
9.8 Connections to power supply modules ................................................................ 9-13
9.9 Phoenix plug-in card block .................................................................................. 9-14

10. OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE ................................................................... 10-1


10.1 Safety instructions............................................................................................... 10-1
10.2 Modem................................................................................................................ 10-2
10.2.1 Line measurements............................................................................................. 10-2
10.2.2 Local loopback test ............................................................................................. 10-2
10.2.3 Modem self tests................................................................................................. 10-2
10.3 Tier ..................................................................................................................... 10-3
10.4 Power supply modules ........................................................................................ 10-3
10.5 Used fuses.......................................................................................................... 10-3
10.5.1 Fuses on tier G7BF ............................................................................................. 10-3
10.5.2 Fuse on modems G4AE, G4AF, G4AK ............................................................... 10-3

11. STORAGE, DECOMMISSIONING AND DISPOSAL .......................................... 11-1


11.1 Safety instructions............................................................................................... 11-1
11.2 Storage ............................................................................................................... 11-1
11.3 Decommissioning................................................................................................ 11-2
11.4 Disposal .............................................................................................................. 11-2

ANNEX, TABLE OF CONTENTS


A. EQUIPMENT AVAILABLE .........................................................................................A-1

B. ABBREVIATIONS USED...........................................................................................B-1

C. GRAPHIC SYMBOLS ................................................................................................C-1

D. CABLES AND ACCESSORIES .................................................................................D-1

E. CONFORMITY ..........................................................................................................E-1

F. PROGRAMMING, TESTING AND COMMISSIONING SCHEDULE .......................... F-1

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Instruction Manual NSK5 Introduction and Safety Information

1. INTRODUCTION

1.1 Using the manual


The manual is written for service and operation personnel. All existing safety in-
structions in the client’s environment have to be observed and only trained and
instructed personnel has to work with the equipment. The manual gives the
needed instructions for the all steps in the life-cycle of the equipment, e.g. from
transport, storage, commissioning to maintenance, decommisioning and disposal.
Please refer to the appropriate section for the particular step or function.

The different steps of transport, installation, testing and commissioning are nor-
mally made by various people. Safety instructions are therefore included in all the
corresponding chapters and may so appear as double information.

In this manual, two types of persons dealing with the equipment are distin-
guished: Service personnel and operator.

1.2 Intended use of the NSK5


The NSK5 modem is used for data transmission over voice-grade telecom chan-
nels which is plugged in
• the NSK5 tier G7BF
• the Power Line Carrier (PLC), types ETL40, ETL80 and ETL500 family
• other special facilities.

1.3 Requirement on the operator


• The operator must have a general understanding of electronic and electrical
systems.
• The operator must have a basic knowledge of data transmission, Power Line
Carrier (PLC) systems and its principles.
• The operator is required to be reasonably careful in dealing with obvious haz-
ards.
• The operator is required to understand and respect all warning labels in order
to avoid any personnel injury or equipment damage.
• The operator is not allowed to perform any of the manipulations or procedures
described in the following sections:
section 8 “Programming”,
section 9 “Installation and Commissioning”,
section 10 “Operation and Maintenance” and
section 11 “Storage, Decommissioning and Disposal”.

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Instruction Manual NSK5 Introduction and Safety Information

1.4 Requirement on the service personnel


• Service personnel must read and understand the instruction manual before
working with the NSK5 equipment.
• The service personnel must follow the precautions for ESD protection while
handling the modules.
• The service personnel must strictly follow all precautions and warnings which
could cause personnel injury or damage to the equipment.
• The NSK equipment is used as a reliable and dependable modem. In advance
to any manipulation on the NSK equipment, this depending equipment and
signalling has to be set clear or standby and be switched into a safe mode,
protected against unwanted loss or interruption of the data signal.
• It is highly recommended that the service personnel has attended a training
course on the equipment.

1.5 Guarantee provision


The manufacturer disclaims any responsibility for hazards and material damage,
if the equipment is operated other than for its intended use as described in this
manual or if the equipment is serviced by non qualified personnel.

1.6 Safety instructions


1.6.1 Presentation of safety information

The NSK5 equipment itself is safe and without any risk. This is not valid for its
containment and the peripheral surrounding, like the high voltage area and lines.
Only service personnel is therefore allowed to execute all the steps and manipu-
lations described in this manual. Some of the operations may also be carried out
by operators, see section 1.3.

1.6.1.1 In this instruction manual

In this manual the safety instructions are marked as follows:

Information or do’s and don’ts to prevent


DANGER serious personal injury or extensive equip-
ment damage.

Specific information or do’s and don’ts to pre-


Caution
vent minor damage and operating problems.

F
Note: Specific information with regard to the optimum
use of the appliance or a specific task.

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1.6.1.2 On the equipment

On the equipment, safety instructions are marked as follows:

Hazardous voltage.
DANGER Beware of electric shock.

Specific information to prevent minor damage


Caution
and operating problems.

Caution Specific information to prevent equipment dam-


ESD age by electrostatical discharge.

1.6.2 Basic principles

The NSK5 equipment complies with the latest standards of engineering and the
recognised safety regulations. In spite of this, hazards could arise with inappro-
priate operation of the equipment.

The NSK5 equipment should only be operated in fault free condition and within
the guide lines laid down in the instruction manual.

1.6.3 General instructions

Personnel qualification
Authorised and properly trained personnel only is
DANGER admitted to carry out programming, installation,
commissioning, maintenance, troubleshooting
and work of the equipment.

Instruction manual
The instruction manual should be read and
DANGER clearly understood before working on the equip-
ment.

Safety and monitoring facilities


Mechanical safety facilities such as cover plates
DANGER must not be removed or bypassed.

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Instruction Manual NSK5 Introduction and Safety Information

Alteration
Alteration of the equipment is not allowed.
DANGER

Warning labels
Precautions and indications to hazardous volt-
DANGER ages must be strictly observed.

1.6.4 Product-specific safety instructions

Technical specifications
The equipment must be operated within the
DANGER technical specifications. Failure to do so may re-
sult in personal injuries or equipment damage.

Inserting and removing of plug-in modules

Caution Neither removing nor inserting of modules is


permitted during power-up of the equipment.
Preceding to plugging in and out of modules the
circuit breaker of the equipment has to be
switched OFF.

ESD protection

Caution The modules in this equipment contain devices,


ESD which can be damaged by electrostatic dis-
charges. Appropriate measures must be taken
before unpacking modules or withdrawing them
from equipment racks. Essential precautions to
prevent ESD damage when handling or working
on modules are grounding straps for technical
personnel and the provision of anti-static work
benches. Modules may only be shipped either in
their original packing or installed in equipment
racks.

Caution The plug-in units must be carefully but firmly


screwed into the racks to prevent them from fal-
ling out. Separately packed modules and other
loose parts must be properly secured and suita-
bly packed to avoid damage.

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Instruction Manual NSK5 Introduction and Safety Information

Mechanical Installation
The equipment must be mounted in a cabinet.
DANGER

Cabinets, which are not secured to the floor, tip


DANGER forwards when the hinged frame is opened. Do
not open the hinged frame without precautions.

Electrical Installation
This is a Class Ι equipment. The equipment and
DANGER the cabinet must be earthed.
The equipment must be supplied over a circuit
breaker.

The circuit breaker of the equipment must be


DANGER switched OFF.
The circuit breaker for optional equipment in the
cabinet must be switched OFF.

Faston connectors on the rack must be covered


DANGER with an isolation sleeve.
Unused faston connectors have to be covered.

ETL500
Refer to the ETL500 instruction manual for spe-
DANGER cific information, warnings and safety information
regarding ETL500.

Work on the system


Do not work on the system or connect or discon-
DANGER nect cables during periods of lightning activities.

Unused slots
Unused slots in the equipment subracks must be
DANGER covered with front plates.

Electrical strength test


Do not repeat any electrical strength tests.
Caution
Improper test methods can cause severe dam-
age to the equipment.
Electric strength and earth continuity tests have
been performed in the factory.

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Instruction Manual NSK5 Product Overview

2. PRODUCT OVERVIEW

2.1 Introduction
The efficient management of electrical power systems needs reliable trans-
mission of data, protection and control signals. The NSK5 is a new, fully pro-
grammable frequency shift keying (FSK) modem for data transmission over
voice-grade telecommunication facilities, such as pilot wires, power line carrier
(PLC) links and analogue or digital channel multiplexers. It allows efficient low-
cost link utilization, and since the hardware is the same for all data channels, the
NSK5 also reduces spare part inventories and the variety of modules in use.

The NSK5 system consists of a tier, two versions of the NSK5 modem, and the
power supply modules. One tier can accommodate two power supply modules,
and 9 modems of either version.

FSK FSK FSK FSK FSK FSK FSK FSK FSK

OUTPUT
OK i AL AL AL AL AL AL AL AL AL

<<TXD<TXD <<TXD<TXD <<TXD<TXD <<TXD<TXD <<TXD<TXD <<TXD<TXD <<TXD<TXD <<TXD<TXD <<TXD<TXD

<<RXD<RXD <<RXD<RXD <<RXD<RXD <<RXD<RXD <<RXD<RXD <<RXD<RXD <<RXD<RXD <<RXD<RXD <<RXD<RXD


<<RTS<DCD <<RTS<DCD <<RTS<DCD <<RTS<DCD <<RTS<DCD <<RTS<DCD <<RTS<DCD <<RTS<DCD <<RTS<DCD

I OL <<TI <SS <<TI <SS <<TI <SS <<TI <SS <<TI <SS <TI <TI <TI <TI

X6 X6 X6 X6 X6 X6 X6 X6 X6
DATA DATA DATA DATA DATA DATA DATA DATA DATA
I/O I/O I/O I/O I/O I/O I/O I/O I/O

G 3HO

X7 X7 X7 X7 X7 X7 X7 X7 X7
+C ONT +CONT +CONT +CONT +CONT +CONT +CONT +CONT +CONT
-C ONT -C ONT -C ONT -C ONT -C ONT -CONT -C ONT -C ONT -C ONT
C.AL. C.AL. C.AL. C.AL. C.AL. C .AL. C.AL. C.AL. C.AL.

OUTPUT C.AL. C.AL. C.AL. C.AL. C.AL. C .AL. C.AL. C.AL. C.AL.
OK i
<TTX/TR X> <TTX/TRX> <TTX/TRX> <TTX/TRX> <TTX/TRX> <TTX/TR X> <TTX/TRX> <TTX/TRX> <TTX/TRX>
<TEST> <TEST> <TEST> <TEST> <TEST> <TEST> <TEST> <TEST> <TEST>
Tx MAIN Tx M AIN Tx M AIN Tx MAIN Tx MAIN Tx Tx Tx Tx
Tx STD BY Tx STD BY Tx STD BY Tx STD BY Tx STD BY ( G ND E T L ) (G ND ETL) (G ND ETL) (G ND E TL )

Rx M AIN Rx MAIN Rx M AIN Rx MAIN Rx MAIN Rx Rx Rx Rx


( G ND E T L ) (G ND ETL) (G ND ETL) (G ND E TL )
Rx STD BY Rx STD BY Rx STD BY Rx STD BY Rx STD BY
I OL M AIN STD BY MAIN STD BY MAIN STD BY M AIN STD BY M AIN STD BY LIN E LIN E LIN E LIN E
a a a a a a a a a a a a a a
1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 1
b b b b b b b b b b b b b b
a a a a a a a a a a a a a a
3 4 3 4 3 4 3 4 3 4 3 3 3 3
b b b b b b b b b
b b b b b
X8 X9 X8 X9 X8 X9 X8 X9 X8 X9 X8 X8 X8 X8

G3HN G4AF G4AF G4AF G4AF G4AF G4AE G4AE G4AE G4AE

TIER1.DSF

Figure 1.1 The NSK5 tier with 5 G4AF and 4 G4AE modems, and two
power supply modules.

2.2 Features
The NSK5 modem has been designed using digital signal processor (DSP) tech-
nology. This makes it very reliable and it requires no maintenance or periodic
adjusting. In the unlikely event of a problem the modem offers a number of test
features to test itself and the line.

The NSK5 offers many features all on one board :


• Full duplex 2-wire and 4-wire operation
• Baudrates: 50, 100, 200, 300, 600, 1200 and 2400 Bd

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• Compatibility with ABB power line carrier equipment type ETL, offering
1200 Bd above speech and 2400 Bd
• Receive data regenerator
• Half-duplex mode
• Synchronous channel with transmit and receive clock
• Line equalization
• Continuous transmit supervision
• Main and standby channel with auto switching over *
• Signal quality supervision
• Modem self test features
• Line testing with random 511 code according to ITU-T V.52
• Galvanic isolation between line, power supply and modem
• Standard data interface : RS-232-D, ITU-T V.24 / V.28

* Only on G4AF version.

2.3 Application
The NSK5 can be used in many applications that require multiple or single data
transmission channels over cable, radio or power line carrier. The modem can be
used over any voice frequency transmission system. Some special filters have
been added for operation over the ABB power line carrier equipment type ETL
and long pilot cables.

Carrier keying allows the modem to be used in a point to point link or in a multi-
point network.

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2.4 Equipment options


2.4.1 NSK5 modems

The NSK5 modem is available in three versions:

2.4.1.1 G4AF modem

The G4AF modem includes main and standby line connections for the transmitter
and the receiver.

2.4.1.2 G4AE modem

The G4AE uses the same printed circuit board as the G4AF but it does not in-
clude the standby lines.

2.4.1.3 G4AK modem

The modem G4AK uses the same electrical circuitry as G4AE. It has another
frontplate, which is compatible to ETL500 release 3.

2.4.2 G7BF tier

The NSK5 tier, type G7BF, accommodates 9 modems of G4AE and G4AF and 2
power supply modules.

2.4.3 Power supply modules

The NSK5 tier accommodates two power supply modules. This allows for redun-
dancy in the case of failure of one of the power supply sources. One power sup-
ply module is sufficient to power 9 NSK5 modems.

2.4.3.1 G3HN module

The power supply module G3HN is a galvanically isolated switch-mode DC/DC


converter. The input range is for a battery with a nominal voltage of 48, 60 or
110 VDC.

2.4.3.2 G3HO module

The power supply module G3HO is a galvanically isolated switch-mode AC-


DC/DC converter. The input voltage is for a 115 V, 230 V AC supply or a 110,
220 VDC battery supply.

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3. MECHANICAL DESIGN

3.1 Modem G4AE / G4AF / G4AK

The three modem versions are shown. The mo-


FSK FSK dem has the data and line connectors on the front
panel as well as on the back.

AL AL AL LEDs show the status of the modem

<<TXD<TXD <<TXD<TXD TXD TXD


<<RXD<RXD <<RXD<RXD RXD RXD
Alarm LED
<<RTS<DCD <<RTS<DCD RTS DCD
<<TI <SS <<TI TI Transmit data LEDs
X6
DATA I/O
Receive data LEDs
Request to send and Data carrier detect LEDs
Test indicate and selected standby (on G4AF)
LEDs
X6 X6
DATA DATA
I/O I/O

V.24/V.28/RS-232-D compatible data input / out-


put connector

X7 X7 X7
+CONT +CONT +CT
-CONT -CONT -CT
C.AL. C.AL. C.AL
C.AL. C.AL. C.AL Request to send output contact
<TTX/TRX> <TTX/TRX> <TTX TRX>
<TEST> <TEST> <TEST> Carrier alarm contact
Tx MAIN Tx Tx
Tx STD BY (GND ETL) GND

Rx MAIN Rx Rx
ETL
Test switch
Rx STD BY (GND ETL)
Balanced test points (on the line side) :
MAIN
a
STD BY
a
LINE
a
LINE X8 (Main) transmit line
a
1 2 1 1
b
Standby transmit line (G4AF only)
b b b
a a a a (Main) receive line
3 3 3
b
4
b b b Standby receive line (G4AF only)
X8 X9 X8
FSK
G4AK Line connections

G4AF G4AE

FRONT1.DSF

Figure 3.1 The appearance of the NSK5 modems

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The NSK5 modem is constructed on a four layer board. All versions of the modem
use the same board, of height 6U (266.7 mm) and depth 220 mm. The width of the
G4AF version is 8R (40.64 mm) and the G4AE/K is 6R (30.48 mm). The modem has
two connectors on the back. The top connector is used to interface to the NSK5 tier
or the ETL and the lower is available to connect the lines and data inputs and out-
puts to the back of the modem, if this is required. The line and data connections are
also accessible from the front of the modem. Two screws are provided to secure the
modem into the tier.

3.2 NSK5 tier


The NSK5 tier, type G7BF, is designed to accommodate 9 modems of either type
and two power supply modules, for redundancy. The size conforms to the DIN stan-
dard 41494 (K80). The height is 6U (approx. 270mm), the width approx. 485mm and
the depth approx. 280mm. When a G4AE version of the modem is inserted a space
of 2R between the modems needs to be covered by a blanking plate. The tier has a
back plane that connects to the top connector X1. This provides the power supply
input to the modem and to the alarm, as well as combining the individual modem
alarms to provide a common alarm output.

A space, covered by a blanking plate, exists next to the power supply modules for
cooling. The power supply connectors are coded according to the input voltage rat-
ing of the modules to prevent them from being plugged into the wrong location.

A cover plate with a cable pass is placed under the tier to allow the cables con-
nected on the front of the modem to pass into the cabinet. A cable channel is at-
tached to the back of the tier to support the cables.
ABB

TIER3.DSF

NSK5

Figure 3.2 The empty NSK5 tier with cable pass.

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3.3 Power supply modules


The power supply modules are housed in a black aluminium case of size 3U/8R
(height 111 mm and width 40.64 mm) and are 168 mm deep. An H11 connector
with coding is used for the external connections. Two screws are provided to se-
cure the power supply modules into the tier.

A fuse is located at the back of the power supply module and is assessable when
it is removed from the tier.

OUTPUT OUTPUT
OK i OK i

I OL I OL

G3HO G3HN

FRONT2.DSF

Figure 3.3 The appearance of the power supply modules.

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4. TECHNICAL DATA

4.1 System data


4.1.1 Environmental conditions
Operating

Temperature and humidity IEC 60721-3-3 class 3K5

Operation within specifications –5 ... 45 °C


< 95 % non condensing

For reliable operation –5 ... 55 °C


< 95 % non condensing

Mechanical IEC 60721-3-3 class 3M1

Storage

Temperature IEC 60721-3-1 class 1K5


–20 ... 70 °C

Mechanical IEC 60721-3-1 class 1M1

Transportation

Temperature IEC 60721-3-2 class 2K5


–20 ... 70 °C

Mechanical IEC 60721-3-2 class 2M1

4.1.2 Data transmission


Data format Serial, binary
synchronous or asynchronous

Modulation Frequency shift keying (FSK)

Operation Carrier on and off keying for


point to point operation or
multi-point networks.

Frequency stability Over temperature range


and ageing ≤ ± 1.8 E 10-4
Frequency accuracy Shift frequencies ≤ ± 0.25 Hz
Channel center frequency ≤ ± 0.13 Hz
(Note that the total frequency deviation = frequency stability + frequency accuracy)

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4.1.3 Channel specific data

Channel 50 100 200 200 300 600 1200 2400 2400 1200+ Bd
Line ETL c) Speech
ETL c)
Maximum Baudrate 75 150 225 200 300 600 1200 2400 2400 1200 bits/s
Nominal Baudrate 50 100 200 200 300 600 1200 2400 2400 1200 bits/s
ITU-T Channel R.35 R.37 R.38B R.38A V.23
Channel bandwidth / spacing 120 240 360 480 480 960 2400 3200 3200 1640 Hz
Lowest center frequency 420 480 540 600 600 840 1700 1800 2000 2860 Hz
Highest center frequency 3900 3840 3780 3840 3840 3600 1700 2000 2000 2860 Hz
Frequenzhub ±30 ±60 ±90 ±120 ±120 ±240 ±400 ±800 ±800 ±400 Hz
Maximum isochronous distortion:
at nominal baudrate 5 5 7 5 8 8 8 12 d) d) %
at maximum baudrate 8 8 8 5 8 8 %
with receive level margin of 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 12 12 10 dB
Regenerator On
Receive distortion < 25 % 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 5 5 3 %
< 50 % 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 6 6 5 %
Channel delay times:
Propagation delay 30.5 18.3 13.5 11.4 10.5 6.3 4.1 4.9 6.4 8.9 ms
Max RTS On to DCD On delay 67.0 36.0 24.0 19.0 16.0 10.6 6.4 6.1 7.6 11.2 ms
Max RTS Off to DCD Off delay 54.0 45.0 31.0 24.0 22.0 13.4 7.6 6.2 7.7 11.9 ms
RTS On to CTS On channel de- 60.0 30.0 15.0 15.0 10.0 5.5 2.9 1.6 1.6 2.9 ms
pendent delay b)
TX channel turn-off time 20.0 12.5 7.5 5.6 4.4 2.5 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.9 ms
(for half-duplex operation)
Maximum 2-wire attenuation:
No frequency gap 20 30 25 30 25 24 30a) dB
120 Hz frequency gap 35 38 35 38 38 34 dB
with own channel & <15% dist.
Maximum 4-wire attenuation: 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 dB
Signal to noise ratio:
for bit error rate of 10-3 12.5 12.5 11.5 12.5 11.0 11.0 10.5 11.5 11.5 12.5 dB

10-4 14.5 14.5 13.0 14.5 13.0 13.0 12.0 13.5 13.5 14.5 dB

10-5 16.0 16.0 14.5 16.0 14.0 14.0 13.0 15.0 15.0 16.0 dB

10-6 16.5 16.5 15.5 16.5 15.5 15.5 14.0 16.0 16.0 17.0 dB
measured with ITU-T V.52
Noise bandwidth 50 100 200 200 300 600 1200 2400 2400 1200 Hz

Table 4.1 Channel dependent technical data.

a) 1200 Bd channel with 50 Bd channel at 420 Hz

b) RTS on to CTS on total delay equals channel dependent delay + user


selectable delay. (Please refer to chapter 4.2.6)

c) Through one ETL link

d) See chapter 7

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4.2 Modem
4.2.1 General
Weight G4AE/G4AK approx. 0.520 kg
G4AF approx. 0.610 kg

Size G4AE/G4AF Conforms to DIN 41494 (K80)


G4AK Conforms to IEC 60297-3
(IEEE 1101.1)

G4AE/G4AK 6U/6R
WxHxD 30.48 x 266.7 x 220 mm

G4AF 6U/8R
WxHxD 40.64 x 266.7 x 220 mm

Total depth including


handles and connectors 255 mm

Modem self test duration (unless terminated by user) 5 minutes typ.


(started from front panel switch)

4.2.2 Transmitter
Amplifier type Current amplifier

Transmit level Into 300 ohm load (600 ohm terminated line)
Measured with a 1:1 signal

Continuously variable 0 dBm to –24 dBm typ.


Preset transmit levels –6, –9, –12, –15, –18 dBm
Accuracy 0 to –2 dB
Difference between
shift frequencies ≤ 1.7 dB

Output impedance High impedance termination ≥ 10 kohm


600 ohm termination 600 ohm

Return loss Reference to 600 ohm

Single modem operation 200 Hz to 4000 Hz ≥ 20 dB

9 modems in parallel 500 Hz to 2500 Hz ≥ 17.5 dB


200 Hz to 4000 Hz ≥ 12 dB

Balance to ground (measured according to ITU-T O.121)

9 modems in parallel 300 Hz to 3400 Hz ≥ 57 dB

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Out-of-band symmetrical spurious emissions on the line for channels below 3400 Hz

4 - 12 kHz 600 ohm termination impedance ≤ –38 dBm


12 - 68 kHz 150 ohm termination impedance ≤ –58 dBm

Continuous transmit supervision 5 minutes typ.

4.2.3 Receiver
Receive sensitivity range No amplitude equalization
filter selected.

Low level setting off Carrier off level –12 ... –45 dBu (3dB steps)
Carrier on level –8 ... –41 dBu (3 dB steps)

Low level setting on Carrier off level –24 ... –57 dBu (3 dB steps)
Carrier on level –20 ... –53 dBu (3 dB steps)

Hysteresis 4 dB typ.

Tolerance of receive level (DCD variation) ≤ ± 1.5 dB

Maximum receive level

Low level receive option off


0 dB attenuation ≤ 3.5 volt peak
6 dB attenuation ≤ 7.0 volt peak
12 dB attenuation ≤ 11.0 volt peak

Low level receive option on


0 dB attenuation ≤ 0.8 volt peak
6 dB attenuation ≤ 1.7 volt peak
12 dB attenuation ≤ 3.5 volt peak

Maximum receive level above carrier switch off level setting (as listed in table 9.6).

For in-band receive signals No equalization filter ≤ 38 dB


With equalization filter 50 - 600 Bd ≤ 30 dB
1200 - 2400 Bd ≤ 34 dB

For out-of-band (alien) receive signals

No gap between channels 50 - 1200 Bd ≤ 40 dB


120 Hz gap between channels 50 - 300 Bd ≤ 48 dB
600 Bd ≤ 44 dB

These figures are for one interfering channel. For two interfering channels, one on each
side, the values must be reduced by 6 dB.

Input impedance High impedance termination ≥ 10 kohm


600 ohm termination 600 ohm

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Return loss Reference to 600 ohm

Single modem operation 200 Hz to 4000 Hz ≥ 20 dB

9 modems in parallel 500 Hz to 2500 Hz ≥ 17.5 dB


200 Hz to 4000 Hz ≥ 12 dB

Balance to ground (measured according to ITU-T O.121)

9 modems in parallel 300 Hz to 3400 Hz ≥ 57 dB

Main/standby line switch-over time after


loss of carrier (G4AF only) 90 seconds typ.

4.2.4 Regenerator
Output Distortion For Input distortion < 50%

50, 100, 200, 300, 600 Bd ≤ 5%.


1200, 2400 Bd ≤ 6%

Receive baudrates 50, 75, 100, 150, 200, 300,


600, 1200 and 2400 Bd
(No TX clock for 75 and 150 Bd)

Receive baudrate deviation from set baudrate ≤ 0.1%

Synchronization Selectable MARK to SPACE transition


SPACE to MARK transition

Re-synchronization After > 100 bits constant


MARK or SPACE

Regenerator RXD delay 1/2 a bit length

Receive clock polarity RXD bit center negative clock transition

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4.2.5 Output contacts


Carrier alarm relay (C.AL.)

Type Galvanically isolated contact

Rating 60 V / 2 A / 60 VA

Contact Selectable with jumper Normally open or closed

Alarm delay time Adjustable with resistor 1 to 10 seconds


Factory setting 5.0 seconds
Tolerance ± 50 %

Alarm hold time Adjustable with resistor 0.1 to 10 seconds


Factory setting 0.2 seconds
Tolerance ± 50 %

Maximum voltage to ground ≤ 200 VDC and ≤ 150 VAC

RTS contact (+CONT, –CONT)

Type Opto-isolated transistor contact

Rating ≤ 30 V / 50 mA

Leakage current (off state) ≤ 100 µA at 30 V

On voltage ≤ 2 V at 50 mA

Polarity Transistor on for RTS on

Maximum voltage to ground ≤ 200 VDC and ≤ 150 VAC

Common alarm output

Type Opto-isolated transistor contact

Rating ≤ 12 V / 5 mA

Polarity Transistor on for alarm on

Leakage current (off state) ≤ 100 µA at 12 V

On voltage ≤ 1 V at 5 mA

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4.2.6 Data interface


Test voltage positive TVP 11.6 V typ.
Test voltage negative TVN –11.6 V typ.

Test voltage output impedance 680 ohm

Input ITU-T V.10 / V.28


RS-232-D / RS-423-A

Voltage ITU-T Logic 0 / SPACE or ON ≥ 0.4 and ≤ 25 Volt


ITU-T Logic 1 / MARK or OFF ≤ –0.4 and ≥ –25 Volt
Hysteresis 100 mV typ.

Impedance 5 kohm nominal

Output ITU-T V.28 / RS-232-D

Impedance 1 kohm nominal

Signal levels No load ± 11.4 V typ.

CTS user selectable delay


Factory setting 0.5 ms ± 50 %
Adjustable with resistor 0.5 ms to 1 second
Tolerance ± 50 %

Input using soldered bridge from XA or XB to

XH Impedance 33 kohm
OFF –25 ... 0.9 V
ON 3.7 ... 25 V

Outputs using soldered bridge from XA or XB to

EE, EF, EG, EH Maximum current ± 4 mA


OFF 0 ... 0.33 V
ON 4.1 ... 5.25 V

Simpact carrier output (SPC-signal)

switch on delay after DCD  V


switch off delay after DCD 4 seconds

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4.2.7 Power supply input


Input voltage (24 V battery) 20.4 ... 33.0 VDC

Current 24 V supply G4AE/G4AK G4AF


Transmitting and with
3 kohm loads on 175 mA 185 mA typ.
ITU-T V.24 outputs 220 mA 220 mA max

Soldered fuse 2A fast blow

Ripple Within 20.4...33.0 volt and 50...400 Hz ≤ 5 Vpp

Short circuit current 24 V 200 ... 300 mA typ.


20.4 ... 33 V ≤ 400 mA

Alarm supply (USB, 0V-AL) 20.4 ... 33.0 VDC

4.2.8 EMC
Radiated emission
Enclosure port 10 kHz ... 1 GHz VDE 878 / B
Enclosure port 30 - 1000 MHz EN 55022 class B

Conducted emission
Power supply input 10 kHz ... 30 MHz VDE 871 / B
Power supply input 0.15 - 30 MHz EN 55022 class B
Telecommunication line
connections 10 kHz ... 30 MHz VDE 878 / B

Electrostatic discharge (ESD) IEC 61000-4-2 level 3


Contact discharge 8 kV
Air discharge 6 kV

5 kHz rep. frequency


Telecommunication lines 2 kV
Data connections 1 kV
Power supply leads 2 kV
Contact outputs 2 kV

Surge immunity test  V IEC 61000-4-5


Telecomm. Lines Common mode 2 kV
Differential mode 1 kV

Surge immunity test 10/700 µs IEC 61000-4-5


Telecomm. Lines Common mode 2 kV
Differential mode 1 kV

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Impulse voltage 1.2/50 µs IEC 60255-5


Telecomm. Lines Common mode 2 kV
Differential mode 1 kV
Data connections Differential mode 500 V
RTS contact output (+ CONT, – CONT output)
Common mode 2 kV
Alarm contact outputs (C.AL.)
Common mode 2 kV
Differential mode 1 kV

4.2.9 Insulation
AC voltage 50 Hz 1 minute

All telecommunication lines to


power supply input, protective earth and data connections 2 kV

Power supply input to telecommunication lines,


protective earth and data connections 2 kV

Common alarm to protective earth,


telecommunication lines and data connections 2 kV

Common alarm to
power supply inputs (with external supply) 500 V

Data connections to protective earth 1 kV

DC voltage IEC 60255-5

4.2.10 Insulation resistance


All telecommunication lines to
power supply and protective earth
500 V > 100 Mohm

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4.3 Tier
4.3.1 General
Capacity Modems of type G4AE/G4AF 9
Power supply modules of any type 2

Size WxHxD 485 x 270 x 280 mm


(19" rack)
(DIN 41494/6U)

Total depth with handles on PCBs 300 mm

Weight (no plug in modules) approx. 3.05 kg

Input power

Voltage range on X2 .. X9 20.4 ... 33 VDC


Supply 1, supply 2 with 6.3 mm FASTON connectors (24V Battery)

Separate alarm supply (USB and 0V-AL) 20.4 ... 33 VDC

Fuse rating Supply 1, supply 2 2.5A/250V slow blow


(5*20mm)

4.3.2 Alarm
Supply alarm Input voltage on X2 ... X9 Min Typ. Max
Relay energized Operating status 18.7V 19.6V 20.5V
Relay de-energized 18.2V 17.5V 16.8V
Hysteresis 1.9V 2.1V 2.3V

Alarm contacts Connection 6.3mm FASTON


Load ≤ 60V / ≤ 2A / ≤ 60VA

Common alarm output voltage with a supply voltage of 20.4 ... 33V 11.2 ... 13.8V
Common alarm voltage for an alarm ≤ 1.0V

4.3.3 EMC
Conformity
EMC Directive 89/336/EEC inclusive amendments 92/31/EEC and 93/68/EEC
Emission fully equipped tier EN 50081-1: 1992
Immunity fully equipped tier EN 50082-2: 1995

Radiated emission
Enclosure port 10 kHz ... 1 GHz VDE 878 / B
Enclosure port 30 - 1000 MHz EN 55022 class B

Conducted emission
Power supply input 10 kHz ... 30 MHz VDE 871 / B
Power supply input 0.15 - 30 MHz EN 55022 class B
Telecommunication line
connections 10 kHz ... 30 MHz VDE 878 / B

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Electrostatic discharge (ESD) IEC 61000-4-2 level 3


Contact discharge 8 kV
Air discharge 6 kV

Radio-frequency electromagnetic field (AM) IEC 61000-4-3 level 3


Enclosure port 80 - 1000 MHz, AM 80 %, 1 kHz 10 V/m

Radio-frequency electromagnetic field (PM) ENV 50204


Enclosure port 900 MHz ± 5 MHz 10 V/m
PM 50 %, 200 Hz

Fast transients 5/50 ns tr / tn IEC 61000-4-4


5 kHz rep. frequency
Telecommunication lines 2 kV
Data connections 1 kV
Power supply leads 2 kV
Contact outputs 2 kV

Surge immunity test  V IEC 61000-4-5


Telecomm. Lines Common mode 2 kV
Differential mode 1 kV

Surge immunity test 10/700 µs IEC 61000-4-5


Telecomm. Lines Common mode 2 kV
Differential mode 1 kV

Impulse voltage 1.2/50 µs IEC 60255-5


Telecomm. Lines Common mode 2 kV
Differential mode 1 kV
Data connections Differential mode 500 V
RTS contact output (+ CONT, – CONT output)
Common mode 2 kV
Alarm contact outputs (C.AL.)
Common mode 2 kV
Differential mode 1 kV

Radio-frequency common mode IEC 61000-4-6 level 3


All cables 0.15 - 80 MHz, AM 80 %, 1 kHz 10 V (e.m.f.)

4.3.4 Insulation
AC voltage 50 Hz for 1 minute
Electronics to protective earth 2 kV
Alarm contacts to electronics 1 kV
Alarm contact outputs to protective earth 1.5 kV
Alarm contact output to alarm contact output 750 V
Open alarm contacts 500 V

4.3.5 Electrical safety


Conformity
Low Voltage Directive 73/23/EEC inclusive amendment 93/68/EEC
Standards: Electrical safety EN 60950 / IEC 60950

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4.4 Power supply modules


4.4.1 Input
G3HN G3HO

Voltage range (UIN min, UIN max) 28...140 VDC 85...264 VAC
88...372 VDC
Primary fuse rating 3.15A/250V slow blow 2.5A/250V slow blow
(accessible from rear) (5*20 mm) (5*20 mm)

4.4.2 Output
Voltage (UOUT nom) 24.0 ± 0.2 V 24.0 ± 0.2 V
Maximum when regulator defective ≤ 40 V ≤ 40 V
Current (IOUT nom) 2.0 A 2.0 A
Current limit (IOUT max) 2.2 A typ. 2.2 A typ.
Efficiency ≥ 82 % ≥ 81 %

4.4.3 Interference levels


within VDE 871 Curve B VDE 871 Curve B

4.4.4 Over temperature cutout


Case temperature ≥ 95 °C ≥ 95 °C

4.4.5 Insulation
(AC=50 Hz 1 min; DC 1 min)
Inputs to outputs 4 kVAC / 5.6 kVDC 4 kVAC / 5.6 kVDC
Inputs to case 2 kVAC / 2.8 kVDC 2 kVAC / 2.8 kVDC
Outputs to case 1 kVAC / 1.4 kVDC 1 kVAC / 1.4 kVDC

4.4.6 Mechanical
Size 3U/8R 3U/8R
WxHxD 40.64x111x168 mm 40.64x111x168 mm
Connector DIN 41612 H11 H11
Weight approx. 0.72 kg approx. 0.72 kg
Code broken out A, B, C, E, K A, B, C, D, K

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1KHL015989-E
Instruction Manual NSK5 Description of Operation

5. DESCRIPTION OF OPERATION

5.1 Modem, hardware and software description


5.1.1 Introduction to hardware description

The NSK5 modem is a frequency shift keyed (FSK) modem that uses digital sig-
nal processor (DSP) technology. All the modem functions such as modulating,
demodulating and filtering are done by the DSP. An 8 bit digital I/O bus and a se-
rial link provide the interfacing to the DSP. The 8 bit bus is used for reading the
buffered V.24 input signals as well as reading the switch settings for controlling
the modem function. The bus is also used to output the V.24 signals and internal
modem control signals. The serial I/O port interfaces the DSP to an A/D and D/A
converter.

The telecommunication line connections are galvanically isolated from the PCB
by line transformers. The power is supplied to the modem over a galvanically
isolated on-board switch-mode power supply module, which converts the input to
the necessary output voltages.

A watchdog monitors the status of the power supply, the processor and the con-
verter and outputs an alarm if a fault condition occurs.

Figure 5.1 is purely a functional block diagram of the modem and it does not
show all the interconnections. The naming of the signals has been done to indi-
cate the function and where possible these are the same designations that ap-
pear in the circuit diagram.

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1KHL015989-EN
Instruction Manual NSK5 Description of Operation

USB
ZB
Common alarm
ZA
0V-AL alarm
circuit
C-ALARM
USA
+5V 0V-AL
soft- +12V
0V start -5V
-12V

Power
supply DC
Supervision
t t
1 2 DD

K3
+ + XH
DA C-AL-1
B Watchdog DB
EC

ED

RESET K3
C A C-AL-2
+CONT

RTS RTS-I -CONT

DTR-I RST
TXD
DCD
DCD
Input interface

DTR
TX RXD
RXD-O
RX
V.24

LL Counter RXD
TXD-I Counter

SEL DSR

Output interface
SS # SPC
and multiplexor

and multiplexor

V.24
XG
Output latch
Input latch

ISP ISP-I CTN CTS


8 bit bus CTS

XF XE RL-I
SQ EE OUT RCK

EH
S1 SS-O-INV # TI
EF
XD
S2 SS-O #
OUT
S3 EG
TTX-I INV-LL-O
S4
TRX-I A Transmit
clock
SG XC
A Serial EI TVP
FG to +
parallel
K2 K1 TVN
converter
P0 -
P1
EB

EA

G1 Digital signal I/O


processor controller
A

A INT SO B XA
SI
PE
XB
C
G2
Receiver T3
Main line K1 T1 Transmitter
A K2 Main line
dB # K2

Receiver T4 T2 Transmitter
Standby line # # # Standby line
dB
# G4AF only BLK2.DSF

Figure 5.1 Block diagram of the modem.

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Instruction Manual NSK5 Description of Operation

5.1.2 Power supply

Each modem has its own switch-mode power supply. The power supply converts
the input voltage, nominally 24 V, into +5, –5, +12 and –12 V. The input of the
power supply is galvanically isolated from the rest of the modem. This avoids
ground loops and allows one to supply the modem directly from a 24V station
battery. The input of the supply has a soft-start switch on circuit which delays the
switching on of the modem for about 700 ms after power has been supplied. The
delay serves two purposes. 1) The modem can be inserted into a tier while the
power supply is on without damaging the contacts or interfering with other oper-
ating prints due to a high input surge current. 2) When a number of modems are
in a tier and the whole tier is switched on at the same time then the peak switch
on current is reduced because of the random switch on delay times of the mo-
dems in the tier.

The power supply input is protected against reverse polarity by a schottky diode
and against a fault in the power supply itself by a fuse. A fold back current limit
circuit limits the input current for a fault on the modem.

5.1.3 Power supply supervision

A power supply supervision circuit is incorporated to prevent faulty operation of


the modem due to an incorrect power supply output voltage. The +5 V supply is
monitored. If the voltage is out of tolerance then a supply alarm is sent to the
common alarm circuit and a reset signal to the watchdog. The power supply su-
pervision is also necessary when the modem is switched on as it holds the mo-
dem in a reset condition until the voltages on the board have stabilized.

5.1.4 Watchdog

The watchdog controls the resetting of the modem. A reset command can come
from four sources: 1) A reset signal from the DSP. 2) An external reset from pin
XH. 3) The power supply supervision circuit. 4) Internally from the DSP and A/D
D/A converter monitoring circuit.

Pulses are sent to the watchdog from the DSP and the converter to indicate that
they are working. If the watchdog does not detect the pulses then a reset pulse is
generated by the watchdog. If the pulses are still not present after the reset then
the modem is reset again. A maximum of 512 resets, corresponding to approxi-
mately 3.0 seconds, are given, and then an alarm is output to the common alarm
and the reset is held on. The modem must then be reset externally by a pulse on
pin XH or by switching the power supply off and then back on.

The presence of pulses from the DSP and the converter resets the counter.

A reset command from the watchdog sets the A/D D/A converter, the DSP, the
I/O controller and all the inputs and the outputs to a predetermined state.

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Instruction Manual NSK5 Description of Operation

5.1.5 Common alarm

The common alarm responds to the sum of the watchdog and the power supply
supervision outputs, and when solder bridge DC is inserted, also to the carrier
supervision. The alarm output is galvanically isolated from the modem electronics
by an optocoupler. The output is a transistor contact, that can be paralleled with
the common alarms of other modems. An alarm condition is indicated by a red
alarm LED on the front panel of the modem. The common alarm circuit can be
supplied from the same 24 V source as the modem or, when jumper ZB is in-
serted, from a separate source. When a separate power supply source is used
then the alarm LED on the front panel will be on for a modem fault or a power
supply failure. The separate alarm power supply is galvanically isolated from the
modem power supply input and the modem electronics.

5.1.6 Data interface (X6 and X2)

The input voltage levels on the V.24 data interface correspond to the ITU-T V.10
and V.28 standards, and the output to the V.28 standard. The inputs and outputs
are protected against transient over voltages by series resistors and zener diodes
to signal ground as well as inductors on the supply lines of the input and the out-
put amplifiers. These prevent surges from coupling into the modem electronics
and damaging sensitive components such as the DSP and the A/D D/A con-
verter.

DTR and RTS can be held in the on state by inserting solder bridges EC and ED
respectively.

Provision has been made to connect the signal ground and the cable shield to
protective earth, on EA and EB respectively, by two 220 ohm resistors in parallel
or a solder bridge.

5.1.7 TX and RX counters

The discrete sampling causes jitter, or isochronous distortion, in the transmit and
receive data. To decrease the distortion the effective sampling rate is increased,
by a factor of 16, using counters. The added distortion on the 2400 Bd channel,
for example, is reduced from about 15 % to less than 1 %.

5.1.8 CTS Delay

The external delay on the CTS signal, called CTN on the output latch, is imple-
mented by using a RC delay network. The timing resistor, R209, is on pins and is
user adjustable.

5.1.9 Carrier supervision delay and hold

The DCD output is connected to a carrier supervision circuit. The delay and hold
times of the supervision circuit are determined by RC time constants and are in-
dependently adjustable by changing resistors R199 and R198 on pins. The out-
put drives a relay, K3, and can optionally be connected to the common alarm.
The relay can be configured with jumpers DA and DB to a normally closed or a
normally open contact. The output contact is protected against over voltages by
VDRs to protective earth.

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Instruction Manual NSK5 Description of Operation

The carrier supervision output can be connected to the common alarm output by
inserting solder bridge DC. Solder bridge DD can be inserted to disable the car-
rier alarm contacts. This bridge does not effect the carrier alarm indication on the
common alarm.

5.1.10 RTS contact

The RTS input signal is connected via an optocoupler to a transistor output con-
tact. The output is protected against over and reverse voltages by a zener diode
in parallel with the contact and VDRs to protective earth.

5.1.11 TX clock

Provision has been made for a fully synchronous channel by including a transmit
clock. The input clock is derived from G2. The output frequency is determined by
the baudrate switch settings.

5.1.12 Parallel I/O

The bus interfaces to 6 input latches and 2 output latches each 8 bits wide. The
first two input and two output latches are used for data and control signals. The
next three input latches are used for reading the switch settings. The last input
latch contains the 8 most significant bits (MSB) from the serial input. The reading
and writing to and from the latches is all controlled by the processor from the I/O
controller. The first input and first output latch are accessed every cycle and all
the others only every seventh cycle.

5.1.13 System timing and serial I/O

The system timing is derived from quartz oscillator G2. The A/D D/A converter di-
vides the clock frequency down to 16 kHz and then issues interrupts to the DSP,
initiating conversion cycles. The DSP derives its main clock from G1, but the pro-
gram execution is synchronized to the interrupt. There is the possibility of the se-
rial input losing synchronization. To detect this occurrence the 8 MSBs from the
serial input are read in over the parallel bus every 7 cycles. The serial and paral-
lel inputs are then compared by the DSP to check for an error.

5.1.14 Analogue input

The input line connections to the modem are over galvanically isolating trans-
formers. The high impedance inputs and the selectable termination resistors on
the line side, enable a number of receivers or transmitters to be connected in
parallel. The modem electronics is protected against over voltages on the re-
ceiver side of the transformer by parallel zener diodes, series resistors and a se-
ries inductor.

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Instruction Manual NSK5 Description of Operation

The main and the standby (on the G4AF) inputs have individual attenuation and
filter networks. This allows one to receive two signals with a large variation in
level. The input from either the main or the standby attenuator is selected by re-
lay K1. (On the G4AE and G4AK modem relay K1 is bypassed by a zero ohm re-
sistor.) Relay K2 selects the input receive signal, or for a local loopback, the
transmitted signal. The signal is amplified by a voltage amplifier that has an in-
verting and a non-inverting output to the A/D converter. The maximum input volt-
age to the A/D converter is limited by zener diodes. The A/D converter has a
built-in band-pass anti-aliasing switch capacitor filter. The analogue signal is con-
verted into a 14 bit word and output to the DSP’s serial port.

5.1.15 Analogue output

The digital signal from the DSP is converted to an analogue signal with a resolu-
tion of 14 bits. The signal is filtered by a switch capacitor filter, which is built-in to
the converter, to remove the aliased components and the upper side-band. The
signal is amplified to the set level, depending on the jumper settings, and fed into
the output stage, a voltage controlled current amplifier. The output of the current
amplifier drives the main and the standby line transformers in series. (In the
G4AE and G4AK modem the standby line transformer is replaced by a zero ohm
resistor).

The modem electronics are protected from over voltages by parallel zener diodes
and series inductors on the transmitter side of the transformer. The output line
connections from the modem are over galvanically isolating transformers. The
high impedance outputs and the selectable termination resistors on the line side,
enable a number of transmitters or receivers to be connected in parallel.

5.1.16 Local loopback

The local loopback is controlled from the DSP by the signal, INV-LL-O, going to
K2. Under operating conditions the relay is energized and for a LL de-energized.
A local loopback switches the transmitter output to the receiver input, and dis-
connects the transmitter output from the line and connects it to a load resistor.
Thereby testing all the active analogue components. The TI output signal indi-
cates to the DTE that the modem is in a test state.

5.1.17 Select standby (only G4AF)

The select standby control signal comes from the DSP and switches relay K1.
The relay in the de-energized state is connected to the Main line. When the relay
is energized it switches the input to the Standby line. On the G4AE and G4AK
modem the relay contact is bypassed by a zero ohm resistor.

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Instruction Manual NSK5 Description of Operation

5.1.18 Introduction to software description

The block diagram of the software, figure 5.2, is designed to indicate the basic
software function and the operation of the transmitter and the receiver.

All the modem transmit, receive and control functions are done in software run-
ning on the DSP. The control of the modem is dependent on the switch settings
as well as a number of other inputs. All these inputs are decoded and then the
signals are output to the parallel bus as well as the transmit and receive software
modules. Parameters such as amplifier gain, delay times, software switch posi-
tions, IF filter bandwidth, modulator frequencies etc. are controlled.

Channel dependent
delay CTN-O
Continuous
RTS-I
transmit
supervision

TXD-I
IF filter Mixer *
G f1 Transmit analogue signal
f
f2
511
1:1 Frequency
generator Transmitter
511 or 1:1 generator

Switch settings TI-O

RL-I RST-O
DTR-I DSR-O
TTX-I
Monitor and LL-O
TRX-I
SS-I
decode inputs
ISP-I
Control outputs to
SEL-I software modules
LL-I

Control

SQ-O

Signal quality
monitor
* Amplifier Mixer IF filter Amplifier Data filter
f1 RXD-O
f
f2

Receive Demodulator
analogue
signal Regenerator

RCK-O
511
Group delay 1:1
and amplitude Level detector 511 or 1:1 DCD-O
equalization detector

t1 t 2 SPC-O

Simpact carrier
delay
Receiver SS-O

Line switch-over
delay
* Serial
* = Hardware module
data RST-O
Serial
check
to parallel
conversion Software.DSF

Figure 5.2 Functional block diagram of the software.

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Instruction Manual NSK5 Description of Operation

5.1.19 Transmitter

The transmitter is implemented in software on the DSP. The modulator is enabled


or disabled by the state of the RTS-I input signal. For normal operation the signal
passes through the continuous transmit supervision module and software switch
to the modulator. The modulator output frequency is controlled by the status of
the TXD input and is either at the center frequency plus the frequency shift or the
center frequency minus the frequency shift. The output signal from the modulator
is filtered by the IF band pass filter to confine the signal to the channel band-
width, thus preventing interference on the neighboring channels. The filtered sig-
nal is then converted to the channel frequency, by the mixer, and output to the
D/A converter.

The continuous transmit supervision function, when enabled, monitors the status
of the RTS-I signal. When the signal is on for longer than the set time then it is
blocked thereby switching off the modulator.

The CTN-O signal indicates when the modem is ready to transmit. The signal is a
delayed version of the RTS-I signal that controls the modulator. The DSP has an
internal channel dependent delay which is longer for the lower baudrate chan-
nels. Note that the total RTS to CTS delay is this channel dependent software
delay plus a user adjustable hardware delay.

5.1.20 Receiver

The receiver is implemented in software on the DSP. The digital received signal
is amplified according to the receiver sensitivity setting. The signal is then con-
verted to the IF frequency by the mixer. The IF filter removes the neighboring
channels from the wanted receive signal. The equalization filter, if it is selected, is
after the IF filter and it levels the amplitude and group delay response in the
channels pass band. A level detection module determines if the receive signal is
above or below the DCD threshold level and also adjusts the gain so that the sig-
nal into the demodulator remains at a constant level. The output from the de-
modulator is filtered by the receive data filter and the resulting signal is the re-
ceived data.

A signal quality module monitors the distortion on the received data signal. A re-
generator can be switched into the received data path to reduce the output iso-
chronous distortion.

5.1.21 Fault monitoring

To obtain optimal reliability, even when data in memory is corrupted by external


interference, it is necessary to check the critical values to make sure that they are
within the right bounds. If an error is found then the value is corrected. The switch
settings are read every 7 cycles to make certain that the correct settings are be-
ing held in memory.

The software continually checks the timing of the serial data from the A/D con-
verter. If an error is detected then a reset command is sent to the watchdog.

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Instruction Manual NSK5 Description of Operation

The serial input data is compared every 7 cycles to the same data over the par-
allel interface. If an error is detected then a reset command is issued to the
watchdog.

5.1.22 Self tests

The modem can do line tests by transmitting and receiving a 511 test code.
When a 511 test code is transmitted the modulator input is connected to a 511
code generator. The RTS signal is held high to switch on the modulator.

The receive test is done by connecting the received data output to the regenera-
tor, and the regenerator output to the 511 detector. The RXD and DCD outputs
are derived from the detector and indicate the state of the received data. The
G4AF modem can be switched between the Main and the Standby line.

The modem can do a complete local loopback self test using a 1:1 signal. Relay
K2 switches the output transmit signal onto a dummy load and the receiver input
to the transmitter output, thereby testing all the active components in the receive
and transmit path. The operation is the same as the 511 transmit and receive
tests, except the transmitter and the receiver are on at the same time.

These tests work irrespective of the status of DTR and RTS input signals. The in-
put signals that influence the test are the SEL input which controls the channel
baudrate for the R.35 and R.37 channels and the ISP input that selects the low
level receive option. (This only influences the receive 511 test).

The TI output signal goes to an active state during the test to indicate to the DTE
that the modem is in a test mode.

5.1.23 Half-duplex operation

The half-duplex mode is controlled by the software depending on the state of the
RTS input. An on state enables the transmitter and blocks the receiver input. An
off state disables the transmit modulator and after a short delay, removes the
block from the receiver input. The receive input block is held on because the sig-
nals on the line take a finite time to decay to a small value, due to the delay
through the transmitter filters. The duration of the off state is dependent on the
baudrate selected.

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Instruction Manual NSK5 Description of Operation

5.2 Tier
5.2.1 General

The NSK5 tier, type G7BF, accommodates 9 modems of either type G4AE or
G4AF in places N13, N21, N29, N37, N45, N53, N61, N69 or N77. The printed
circuit board, type G1CX, on the backplane of the tier provides the connections
for the power supply and the alarm outputs. The tier can be supplied directly on
G1CX with a 24 V battery, or over one or two (for redundancy) power supply
modules, of type G3HN or G3HO. The power supply input is protected by a fuse
against over current and by suppressor diodes against over voltage and reverse
polarity. Even so care must be taken to ensure that the polarity and the voltage is
correct because an error can damage the tier electronics and may be a fire haz-
ard.

5.2.2 Alarms

A monitoring circuit gives an alarm if the supply voltage of either one or both sup-
plies is less than the lower limit. The voltage monitoring can be enabled for sup-
ply 1 and 2 with jumpers C and D or disabled with jumpers D and F respectively.

The common alarms from the modems are summed together and are available
as a normally open or normally closed contact output from relay K2. The relay
has one contact with single FASTON connectors and one contact with double for
paralleling.

By inserting jumper B relay K1, with one contact having single FASTON connec-
tors and the second double for paralleling, can only signal a supply alarm.

Removing jumper B and inserting jumper A combines the common alarm and the
supply alarms over relays K1 and K2.

Provision has been made to supply the alarm circuit from a separate power sup-
ply over soldering pins GA, GB and GC. When this is done then resistors R24,
R25 and R26 must be removed. This results in the alarm indication on the mo-
dem being on when the power supply to the modem fails.

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Instruction Manual NSK5 Description of Operation

Supply 1
+ Supply voltage a22
X20 X2
ACN/DCV+ X21 or X3 c22 USA
GA
X23 R24 c18

NSK5 modems
- USB
ACP/DCV- X24 X4
X5 GB
X22:1
Alarm voltage R25 c20 C-AL
Protective
X22:2
Earth Supply 2
+ GC
X25 X6
R26 a26
ACN/DCV+ X26 or X7
c26 0V-AL
X28
ACP/DCV- X29 - 0V a24
X8
X9 c24 0V

X27:1 X10 a32


Protective c32 PE
X27:2
Earth
X1:

1
2

3 K1
4
K2
5 G1CX Common Alarm
Supply Alarm

1
6

B
8 K1
Combined Alarm

9
A
10
11 K1
Supply
supervision C 1 1
12 D
K2
13
Power fail
Common Alarm

14 Supply 1
15

16 Supply
E
supervision
F
17 K2

Power fail
18 Supply 2

TIER2.DSF

Figure 5.3 Block diagram of the tier G7BF.

The connectors X1:1 to X1:18 and X20 to X29 are FASTON connectors on the
side of the tier.

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Instruction Manual NSK5 Description of Operation

5.3 Power supply modules


The power supplies are housed in a black aluminium case of size 3U/8R and 168
mm deep. An H11 connector with coding is used for the connections with the
backplane. The power supply modules are open and short circuit protected, and
can be inserted or removed on load. The input to the power supply module is
protected from transient over-voltages by using a VDR (voltage dependent re-
sistor). The input is also current limited and protected by a fuse. A monitoring cir-
cuit switches the converter off for an over or under voltage condition. The output
is protected by a suppressor diode against over-voltage. When the temperature
of the housing rises over 95 °C then the converter is switched off and only when
the temperature drops below 95 °C is it switched on again.

5.3.1 G3HN

The power supply module G3HN is a galvanically isolated switch-mode


DC/DC converter. The input voltage range is for a battery of nominally 48, 60 or
110 VDC.

5.3.2 G3HO

The power supply module G3HO is a galvanically isolated switch-mode


AC-DC/DC converter. The input voltage range encompasses a 115 VAC or
230 VAC supply, or a 110 V or 220 V battery.

Inhibit

f
v

ACP/DCV- +24V

ACN/DCV+ 0V

PE

SUPPLY.DSF

Figure 5.4 Block diagram of the supply modules G3HN and G3HO.

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Instruction Manual NSK5 Application

6. APPLICATION

6.1 Line interface


6.1.1 Line connections

The line connections to the modem are available on the front as well as on the
back of the modem. The G4AF version of the modem has two transmitter outputs
and two receiver inputs. This enables the modem to be connected to a main and
a standby line. The G4AE and G4AK version does not support a standby line.

The G4AE and G4AK modem can be plugged directly into an ETL tier, and then
the line connections will be automatically made through connector X1

No measuring U links must be inserted into the test points XT1 to XT4 because
they are connected in parallel to the telecommunication lines. Inserting U links
would result in a short across the lines.

DIGITAL CIRCUIT

Digital
signals

SS LL X1:a12
X1:a20 10k ohm

X2:a24
X2:a28
3a
K1 K2
X8:3 X8:1 1a
Attenuation

Transmitter output
T3 T1
Receiver input
Test points

Test points
2 AC 0 dB
Output level: 2
XT3 XT1
1 AD 6 dB CA -6 dBm 1
AH
AA AB AF AG
AE 12 dB CB -9 dBm
X1:a16 K2 K2 X1:a14
CC -12 dBm
X2:c28 CD -15 dBm
3b X2:c24
X8:4 CE -18 dBm 1b
X8:2
CF 0 to
-24 dBm

ANLG1a.DSF

Figure 6.1 Line connections to the G4AE modem.

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Instruction Manual NSK5 Application

DIGITAL CIRCUIT

Digital
signals
X1:a12
10k ohm
X1:a20 SS LL X2:a24
X2:a28
3a X8:1 1a
X8:3

Main transmitter output


K1 K2

Test points
Main receiver input

T3 Attenuation
Test points

T1 2
2 XT1
XT3 AC 0 dB 1
1 Output level:
AD 6 dB CA -6 dBm AH X1:a14
X1:a16 AA AB AF AG
AE 12 dB K1 CB -9 dBm
K2 X2:c24
X2:c28 CC -12 dBm 1b
3b
X8:4 K2 CD -15 dBm X8:2
CE -18 dBm
CF 0 to
-24 dBm

X2:a30 X2:a26
4a X9:3 Attenuation

Standby transmitter output


T4 T2 X9:1 2a
Standby receiver input

BC 0 dB

Test points
Test points

2 2
XT4 BD 6 dB XT2
1 BA BB 1
BF BG
BE 12 dB X2:c26
X2:c30
4b X9:4 X9:2 2b

ANLG1b.DSF

Figure 6.2 Line connections to the G4AF modem.

6.1.2 Line termination impedance

To reduce reflections on the line, the end of the line must be terminated with a
matching impedance. The modem termination impedance can be set on 600 ohm
or a high impedance. When the line interface is set on high impedance the inputs
and outputs of a number of modems can be connected in parallel. This enables
one to use the modems on a 2-wire or 4-wire network in a frequency multiplexed
configuration. Figures 6.3 to 6.6 show some examples of correct terminations.

It is important to always terminate each line (Except on a transit connection) and


all unused inputs and outputs with a 600 ohm resistor.

3a
Main line
*
3b

4a
RX
Standby line
4b
*

1a
TX
1b
2a
NSK5 G4AF
2b
modem
* = line termination APP1a.DSF

Figure 6.3 2-Wire terminal station with main and standby lines.

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3a
Receive line
*
3b
RX
1a
Transmit line
*
TX
1b

NSK5 G4AE
modem

3a

3b
RX
1a
TX
1b

NSK5 G4AE
modem
* = line termination APP1b.DSF

Figure 6.4 4-Wire terminal station with 2 modems.

To main station To sub-stations

3a

3b
RX
1a
TX
1b

NSK5 G4AE
modem
APP1c.DSF

Figure 6.5 An intermediate 4-wire station.

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SS or DCD SS or DCD

3a Cable main line 3a

* 3b *
RX 4a
3b

4a
RX
Cable
* *
4b 4b
1a 1a
TX *
Radio standby line
*
TX
1b 1b
2a Radio Radio 2a
NSK5 G4AF * * NSK5 G4AF
2b 2b
modem modem
APP1d.DSF * = line termination

Figure 6.6 Terminal 4-wire stations with the main over a cable and the
standby over a radio link.

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6.1.3 Baudrate and frequency allocation

The NSK5 modem is designed to work in a frequency multiplexed system.

Total NSK5 bandwidth

CCITT bandwidth

50 Bd

2220
1140

2340
2460

3060
3180
3300
3420
3540
1020

1860
1980
2100

2700
2820
2940

3660
3780
3900
1260
1380
1500
1620
1740

2580
420
540
660
780
900

120 Hz

100 Bd
480 720 960 1200 1440 1680 1920 2160 2400 2640 2880 3120 3360 3600 3840 240 Hz

200 Bd
540 900 1260 1620 1980 2340 2700 3060 3420 3780 360 Hz

200 Bd
600 1080 1560 2040 2520 3000 3480 480 Hz

300 Bd
600 1080 1560 2040 2520 3000 3480 480 Hz

600 Bd
840 1800 2760 960 Hz

1200 Bd
420

1700 2400 Hz
V.23

2400 Bd
1800 3200 Hz

2400 Bd
2000 3200 Hz

300 1000 2000 3000 4000 Hz


CHAN1.DSF

Figure 6.7 Typical channel allocation.

The group delay and the frequency response of a communication channel is


normally better in the center. For this reason, in a frequency multiplexed system
where there are low and high baudrate channels, it is better to put the higher
baudrates in the middle.

When a baudrate of between 50 and 600 Bd is selected then the transmitter and
the receiver baudrates are equal. The transmitter and receiver center frequencies
can be selected independently in 120 Hz steps. Table 8.3 gives all the channel
frequencies available and the corresponding switch settings. This enables one to

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fully utilize the transmission channels bandwidth. Therefore a transmission chan-


nel can be filled with data channels of the same or different baudrates.

In the V.23 mode the transmitter and the receiver can be set independently to
either a 50 Bd channel at 420 Hz or a 1200 Bd channel at 1700 Hz. The 1200 Bd
channel can be used for the transmitter and the receiver in a full duplex 4-wire
transmission channel.

For a 2400 Bd channel the transmitter and receiver center frequencies are the
same. A center frequency of 1800 Hz or 2000 Hz can be selected. For 2400 Bd
over the ABB power line carrier equipment type ETL, the center frequency of
2000 Hz must be chosen. For the 2400 Bd channel over a line either frequency
may be used. For a telecommunication line the lower frequency would be better
because of the upper bandwidth limitation.

In a 4-wire link the channels can be placed next to each other without causing
mutual interference.

6.1.4 2-wire operation

6.1.4.1 Introduction

The NSK5 modem does not have a hybrid for 2-wire operation so the full level of
a local transmitter appears on the receiver. The modem has been optimized for
2-wire operation, even so there is the possibility of interference or overloading of
the receiver. In view of this the following must be observed:

6.1.4.2 Channel position

The transmitter and the receiver channels should be divided into two groups. In-
terference then only occurs at the transition point between the adjacent transmit-
ter and the receiver. If the line attenuation is less than that specified in table 6.1
then no frequency gap is required between the adjacent receiver and transmitter.
For a larger attenuation there must be a 120 Hz frequency gap, as specified in
table 6.2. If the attenuation is more than the values specified in table 6.2 then the
half duplex mode must be used. See chapter 6.1.4.4.

Increasing the gap between channels to more than 120 Hz does not result in any
big advantage, except for the 600 Bd receiver channel when it is next to a 50 or
100 Bd transmitter channel.

Tables 6.1 and 6.2 assume only one interfering channel. If it is not possible to
group the transmitter and the receiver channels, and a receiving channel has a
transmitting channel on both sides then the maximum permissible line attenuation
must be decreased by 3 dB.

The transition point between the transmitter and the receiver directions, on a long
telecommunication line, should be placed at the lowest possible frequency, where
the line attenuation is lower.

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Interfering channel Receive channel


50 100 200 200 300 600 Bd
120 240 360 480 480 960 Hz
50 Bd 120 Hz 20 25 20 20 15 8 dB
100 Bd 240 Hz 24 30 25 25 23 17 dB
200 Bd 360 Hz 20 25 25 30 25 22 dB
200 Bd 480 Hz 25 30 30 30 30 25 dB
300 Bd 480 Hz 20 25 25 30 25 24 dB
600 Bd 960 Hz 20 20 20 25 25 24 dB

Table 6.1 2-Wire attenuation. No frequency gap for < 15 % distortion.

Interfering channel Receive channel


50 100 200 200 300 600 Bd
120 240 360 480 480 960 Hz
50 Bd 120 Hz 35 38 35 38 38 25 dB
100 Bd 240 Hz 35 38 35 38 38 25 dB
200 Bd 360 Hz 35 38 35 38 38 30 dB
200 Bd 480 Hz 35 38 35 38 38 34 dB
300 Bd 480 Hz 35 38 35 38 38 34 dB
600 Bd 960 Hz 35 38 35 38 38 34 dB

Table 6.2 2-Wire attenuation. 120 Hz frequency gap for < 15 % distor-
tion.

The V.23 mode is designed for a 2-wire transmission channel when a high data
rate is required in one direction and only a low rate in the other. Table 6.3 shows
the maximum allowed attenuation.

Interfering channel Receive channel


50 1200 Bd
V.23 V.23
420 1700 Hz
50 Bd V.23 at 420 Hz - 30 dB
1200 Bd V.23 at 1700 Hz 30 - dB

Table 6.3 2-Wire attenuation for < 15 % distortion.

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6.1.4.3 Level planning

The transmit level setting is more critical in a 2-wire network than in a 4-wire. The
level has to be set high enough to optimize the SNR over the link and at the
same time low enough so as not to interfere with the local receivers. The transmit
and receive levels should be set in the following way:
• Set the transmit levels according to relative recommended levels in table 6.4.
observing the other points in chapter 6.1.5.
• Set the receive level sensitivity as recommended in chapter 6.1.6.
• Check that the neighboring channel interference is within that specified in ta-
ble 6.1, 6.2, and 6.3. The transmitter - receiver channel spacing can be in-
creased to 120 Hz in order to satisfy this requirement.
• Check that the total voltage level and the out-of-band signal level on the re-
ceivers input is lower than the maximum specified in the technical data. If the
line attenuation is high and this requirement is not satisfied then the receive
level margin can be decreased to about 10 dB.
• If the channel attenuation is too high and the previous requirements cannot be
met then consider the half-duplex option.

6.1.4.4 Half-duplex operation

Half-duplex operation is required on a 2-wire link when the transmitter and the re-
ceiver share the same channel frequency or when the link has a high attenuation.
Only the transmitter or the receiver can be active at one time. The direction is
controlled by the RTS input.

6.1.5 Transmit settings

6.1.5.1 Introduction

The transmit levels should be set to optimize the data channel utilization, and at
the same time observing the maximum transmit and receive levels allowed.

The transmit levels on the main and the standby lines of the G4AF modem are
always the same.

F
Note: The transmit level, when set using the jumpers, is such
that for a 1:1 bit pattern is never above the set value.
Therefore when the transmit level is measured during
a constant MARK the level is approximately 1 to 2
decibels lower than the set value for the 50 to 600 Bd
channels.

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6.1.5.2 Noise considerations

The transmit level should be as high as possible to maximize the signal to noise
ratio. The higher baudrate channels are more sensitive to noise than the lower
channels because of the wider bandwidth. In a frequency multiplexed system that
has a mixture of baudrates it is better to set the transmit level of the higher bau-
drates to a higher level if the transmission channel is noisy, as shown in table 6.4
where the 1200 Bd V.23 channel is taken as the reference.

Channel Relative recommended TX-level


(Bd) (dB)
50 Pref -14

100 Pref -11

200 R.38B Pref - 8

200 R.38A Pref - 8

300 Pref - 6

600 Pref - 3

1200 V.23 Pref

2400 Pref + 5

Table 6.4 Recommended relative transmit level for a noisy channel.

6.1.5.3 Maximum level on transmission channel

The maximum signal level over a transmission channel is limited by either the
maximum power level or the peak voltage level. In a frequency multiplexed sys-
tem with more than one transmitter the peak voltage is important.

For channels over leased telecommunication lines the power levels are usually
subject to national regulations. Generally a maximum level of –6 dBm is allowed.
In a frequency multiplexed system with channels of different baudrates the levels
should be set in the ratio as indicated in table 6.4.

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6.1.5.4 Maximum output drive voltage

Each transmitter is limited to a maximum output level of 0 dBm into a 600 ohm
terminated line. Table 6.5 gives the maximum individual output level for a number
of channels.

Number of Peak voltage Macimum individual Total power


channels on the line transmit level on the line
N (volt) VL (dBm) (dBm)
≤4 ≤ 4.4 0 ≤6
5 4.9 -1 6
6 5.2 -2 6
8 5.6 -4 6
10 6.2 -5 5
15 7.4 -7 5
20 7.8 -9 4
25 7.8 -11 3
30 8.3 -12 3

Table 6.5 Maximum transmit level in a frequency multiplexed system


(assuming each channel is transmitting at the same level).

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6.1.5.5 Maximum out of band receive level

The maximum transmit level in a 2-wire system can be limited by the maximum
receive level on the local receiver. See the chapter 6.1.4, 2-wire operation, for
more details.

6.1.5.6 Calculations of the peak level

The peak output voltage level across 600 ohms from one transmitter is calculated
from the power level as follows:

V (volts peak) = 1.10 * Log-1 ( P(dBm) / 20 ) (1)

From equation (1) : 0 dBm = 1.10 volt peak across 600 ohms.

The total peak voltage is the sum of each channel:

VL (total volts peak) = V1 + V2 + ... + VN-1 + VN (2)

Where:
VL = total peak output voltage on line.
V1 = peak output voltage on line from channel 1.
VX = peak transmit voltage on line from channel X.
N = number of frequency multiplexed channels.

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6.1.6 Receive sensitivity and level

6.1.6.1 Introduction

The receiver sensitivity is the receive signal level at which the carrier or DCD is
detected as off for an ON to OFF transition. The carrier switch on level is the level
at which the carrier is detected as on for an OFF to ON transition.

6.1.6.2 Setting the receive level

DIL switch S2 allows the receiver sensitivity to be adjusted over a range of 21 dB.

Low level receive option

If the receive signal level on the line is very low ( <–35 dBu for a 2-wire link or
<–30 dBu for a 4-wire link ) then the low level receive option is used. It can be
controlled externally from the ISP pin or set by inserting a bridge.

On the G4AF modem the low level receive option can be set independently on
the main and standby channel. Therefore, if the difference in receive levels be-
tween the main and the standby channels is large then the low level receive op-
tion can be enabled on the channel with the highest attenuation, thereby giving
an extra 12 dB of gain and reducing the level difference. See the modem pro-
gramming in chapter 8 for the bridge settings.

Receiver input attenuation

The receiver input signal can be attenuated by a passive attenuation network.


This is useful when the signal level is high and would otherwise overdrive the in-
put.

On the G4AF modem the attenuation can be set separately on the main and the
standby channels. The attenuation should be set so that the receive level margin
is as recommended on both the main and the standby channels. The level on the
higher channel can be attenuated so that the actual level into the receiver is
about equal.

Determining the receive sensitivity setting


- Determine the equalization filter required as described in section 6.1.7.
- Read the change in DCD level from table 6.8 or 6.9.
- Calculate the receive level for a MARK (fc–frequency shift ).
Receive level = (transmit level – line attenuation) dBu.
- Receive sensitivity setting in table 8.6 = (receive level – receive level margin
– change in DCD level) dBu.
- Actual receive sensitivity measured on a MARK.
Actual receive sensitivity = (receive sensitivity setting + change in DCD level)
dBu.

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Example:

A 1200 Bd V.23 channel with filter 4b, a line attenuation of 11 dB at a 1300 Hz


(MARK frequency), a transmit level of –6 dBm and a required receive level mar-
gin of 15 dB. What are the settings for the receiver?
- Change in DCD level = 3.8 dB.
- Receive level = –6 – 11 = –17 dBu.
- Receive sensitivity setting = –17 – 15 – 3.8 = –35.8 dBu.
From table 9.6 choose a sensitivity of –36 dBu.
- Actual receive sensitivity = –36 + 3.8 = –32.2 dBu.

6.1.6.3 Factors determining the receiver sensitivity setting

a) Receive level margin

The receive level margin is defined as the difference between the carrier switch
off level and the actual receive signal level. The receive level margin should be
about 15 dB. For a 2-wire link that has a high attenuation it may be necessary to
decrease the receive level margin. (See chapter 6.1.4 for more information). The
isochronous distortion increases slightly as the receive level margin decreases.

b) Maximum peak input voltage

The peak input voltage is limited by the A/D converter. See the technical data for
the exact values.

c) The maximum in-band receive signal.

The maximum receive signal within the receivers pass band is limited by the IF
filter. See the technical data for the exact values.

d) The maximum out-of-band receive signal.

The maximum out-of-band or neighboring channel level is limited. See chapter


6.1.4 on 2-wire operation.

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6.1.7 Amplitude and group delay equalization

Data channels over a long line or the 2400 Bd channel over the power line carrier
equipment type ETL have an increased isochronous distortion. This is due to dif-
ferences in receive amplitude between MARK and SPACE or group delay within
the pass band. The NSK5 modem comes standard with equalization filters for
lines and the ETL. The NSK5 modems G4AE/F and G4AK have build in standard
amplitude equalization filters for lines. In the ETL40/ETL80 and ETL500 release 1
systems only the modem G4AE should be used because of the special groupde-
lay equalisation filter which equalizes the link. For the ETL500 release 3 only the
modem G4AK should be used, because of its special built in groupdelay equal-
izer for this link.

a) 2400 Bd
An equalization filter must be used for the 2400 Bd channel. For a line with a flat
response use the filter called ’2400 Bd line’ and for the ETL use ’2400 Bd ETL’.

b) Main and Standby


The amplitude equalization filters for the main and standby lines can be set inde-
pendently. Thus it is possible to have the main channel over the ETL and the
standby channel over a line or vice-versa.

c) Maximum receive level


When an equalization filter is selected the maximum in-band receive level is re-
duced. (See the technical data in chapter 4).

d) DCD level
The gain of the amplitude equalization filters is 0 dB at the channels center fre-
quency. Thus for a MARK, the lower of the two shift frequencies, the filter attenu-
ates the signal and the DCD on and off levels will be increased. The changes are
listed in table 6.8. and 6.9.

6.1.7.1 Effect of a non linear frequency response

A non linear frequency response causes the isochronous distortion to increase.


The amount by which the distortion increases is proportional to the difference in
receive level between the MARK and SPACE frequencies.

Additional Distortion = [ Level(MARK) – Level(SPACE) ]dB * 3 dB-1 %

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6.1.7.2 Effect of a non linear group delay response

A non linear group delay response within the channels pass-band increases the
isochronous distortion. The added distortion is proportional to the variation of the
group delay within the channels bandwidth. (between the MARK and SPACE fre-
quencies).

(group delay difference in channel) seconds


_____________________________________
Additional Distortion = * 40 %
(Bitlength) seconds

6.1.7.3 Selecting an equalization filter

The equalization filter required can be determined in the following ways:

a) The remote modem transmits a MARK and a SPACE. The difference in the
level between the MARK and SPACE is measured at the local receiver.
Table 6.6 and table 6.7 can then be used to check which equalization filter is
required.

b) The difference in attenuation between a MARK and SPACE can be esti-


mated from the calculation and then table 6.6 and table 6.7 consulted to
check which equalization filter is required.

c) The isochronous distortion can be measured with a 511 test signal and the
equalization filter selected that has the lowest isochronous distortion at the
receiving end.

F
Note: 1) MARK = negative voltage on data interface
= lower frequency on line (fc–fs).
2) SPACE = positive voltage on data interface
= higher frequency on line (fc+fs).

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50 Bd 100 Bd 200 Bd 200 Bd 600 Bd Filter


360 Hz 300 Bd
Level < 1.0 < 1.5 < 1.4 < 1.2 < 1.0 off
correction * * * * ≥1.0 filter 1a
amount * * * · 1.2 ≥2.1 filter 2a
= * * ≥1.4 · 1.8 ≥3.2 filter 3a
MARK level * * ≥1.7 · 2.3 ≥4.8 filter 4a
- SPACE level * ≥1.5 ≥2.3 ≥2.9 ≥6.1 filter 5a
(dB) * ≥1.7 ≥2.6 ≥3.5 ≥7.2 filter 6a
≥1.0 ≥1.9 ≥2.9 ≥4.0 ≥8.0 filter 7a

F
Note: Don’t use filter marked with a “*”.

Table 6.6 Equalization filter selection for 50 to 600 Bd.

1200 Bd 2400 Bd Filter


V.23
< 1.9 * off
Level * < 3.6 2400 Bd line
correction ≥1.9 ≥3.6 filter 1b
= ≥3.7 ≥6.7 filter 2b
MARK level ≥5.5 ≥10.1 filter 3b
- SPACE level ≥7.3 ≥13.4 filter 4b
(dB) ≥8.5 ≥16.6 filter 5b

F
Note: Don’t use filter marked with a “*”.

Table 6.7 Equalization filter selection for 1200 and 2400 Bd.

The level correction amount is the actual value listed in the above tables.

50 Bd 100 Bd 200 Bd 200 Bd 600 Bd Filter


360 Hz 300 Bd
- - - - 0.5 filter 1a
Change in - - - 0.6 1.1 filter 2a
DCD level - - 0.7 0.9 1.7 filter 3a
(dB) - - 0.9 1.2 2.6 filter 4a
on - 0.7 1.1 1.4 3.1 filter 5a
MARK - 0.8 1.2 1.6 3.5 filter 6a
0.5 0.9 1.4 1.9 4.1 filter 7a

Table 6.8 Change in carrier switch on/off level when an equalization fil-
ter is selected. (50 to 600 Bd).

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1200 Bd 2400 Bd Filter


V.23
1.3 2.4 filter 1b
Change in 2.2 4.1 filter 2b
DCD level 3.1 6.0 filter 3b
(dB) 3.8 7.7 filter 4b
on MARK 5.1 9.9 filter 5b

Table 6.9 Change in carrier switch on/off level when an equalization fil-
ter is selected. (1200 and 2400 Bd).

6.1.8 Regenerator

The regenerator can be used when a synchronous channel requires a receive


clock or to reduce the received isochronous distortion. Thus the regenerator can
be useful in a repeater station where it would reduce the isochronous distortion
before re-transmitting the data.

When the regenerator is switched on the receive clock is automatically enabled


and the receive data is regenerated. MARK-SPACE or SPACE-MARK synchroni-
zation may be chosen. The normal would be MARK-SPACE synchronization so
that the modem would synchronize on the START bit of the received data.

The regenerator is designed to be transparent to the user when the input bau-
drate is correct and there are an integer number of bit lengths between blocks of
data if the space between blocks of data is less than 100 bits and DCD stays on.

6.1.9 Continuous transmitting supervision

This function has been provided, to prevent one modem from transmitting con-
tinuously on a time shared network, and blocking the other modems from gaining
access to the network. If the RTS is held continuously on for longer than 5 min-
utes, and the continuous transmitting supervision function is on, then the trans-
mitter is blocked and the carrier is switched off. The CTS signal is switched off to
indicate to the DTE that the transmitter is no longer switched on. Thus the com-
munication channel is freed to be used by other modems. The blocking timer is
reset when RTS or DTR goes low. The function also works in conjunction with the
Half-duplex mode. When the transmitter is blocked the receiver is enabled.

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6.1.10 Auto switch-over (only G4AF modems)

The NSK5 modem transmits simultaneously on the main and the standby lines.
The receiver can only receive from one line at a time. The selection between the
main and the standby lines is controlled from either the V.24 interface or the mo-
dem can switch automatically. When automatic switch-over is selected, and DCD
is off, the modem alternates between the main and the standby lines until a car-
rier is received. The modem then receives from the corresponding line. The re-
ceiver can be switched from the standby to the main line by switching the DTR
input off for longer than 20 ms.

The OUT output signal (when connected to the SS-O or the SS-O-INV signals)
on the V.24 interface indicates from which line the modem is receiving.

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6.2 Data interface, alarms and power supply

c18 Alarm
USB ZB c20
Circuit C-ALARM
ZA
a26
X1
0V-AL c26
a22
USA c22 alarm
a24
0V c24
a32 1
PE c32
PE
X1 Power
supply DC
Supervision t1 t2
DD

K3

XH
X7
DA 3
Watchdog DB
C-AL-1
+V +V reset
K3
4
C-AL-2
1
EC ED pulses RST +CONT
2
X6 -CONT
c18 c12
4 8
RTS DCD
2
c20 DIGITAL a20
3
TXD
a10
CIRCUIT c16
RXD
20 6
DTR DSR
a12 c4
18 12
LL SPC
a16 CTN a18
23 5
SEL CTS
c6 # a14
11 17
SS XG RCK
a4 a6
ISP 14 25
TI
c14 EE a8
SG 7 SQ 15
a22 EA EH OUT
SS-O-INV #
FG c22 EB EF
1 XD
SS-O #
a32
EG X6
PE c32 PE
XF XE RL Transmit
X2 +V clock

S1 c10
EI +V 9
TVP
S2 c8
-V 10
S3 TVN
a2
S4 XC XA XA
+V
c2
XB XB
digital LL
signals X2

ANALOGUE CIRCUIT NSK5-4.DSF

Figure 6.8 Digital alarm and power connections to the NSK5.

# G4AF only.

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6.2.1 Data interface

All the data signals are available on a female Sub-D connecter at the front of the
modem, X6, and at the back on X2.

Abbreviation X6 Pin X2 Pin EIA-232-D ITU-T V.24 Function


numbers Nummern circuit circuit
GROUND SIGNALS
FG 1 a22,c22 -- Frame Ground
SG 7 a32,c32 AB 102 Signal Ground
INPUT SIGNALS
DTR 20 a10 CD 108 DTE Ready
RTS 4 c18 CA 105 Request to Send
TXD 2 c20 BA 103 Transmit Data
LL 18 a12 LL 141 Local Loopback
# SS 11 c6 116 Select Standby
ISP 14 a4 Special - low level receive
SEL 23 a16 Select an alternate baudrate +
OUTPUT SIGNALS
DSR 6 c16 CC 107 DCE Ready
CTS 5 a18 CB 106 Clear to Send
DCD 8 c12 CF 109 Data Carrier Detect
RXD 3 a20 BB 104 Received Data
RCK 17 a14 DD 115 Receive Clock
TI 25 a6 TM 142 Test Indicate
SPC 12 c4 Simpact Carrier Output
TVP 9 c10 Test Voltage Positive
TVN 10 c8 Test Voltage Negative
OUT 15 a8 Output used by one of the
following:
TCK DB 114 Transmit Clock
SQ CG 110 Signal Quality
# SS-O 117 Select Standby Output
# SS-O-INV Inverted Select Standby Out-
put

Table 6.17 Data signals.

# = only available on G4AF.

+ = for the regenerator.

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6.2.1.1 Definitions of the abbreviations used

Data Signals

MARK = negative voltage on data interface = logic 1


= center frequency - frequency shift
= LED TXD and RXD = on
= stop polarity

SPACE = positive voltage on data interface = logic 0


= center frequency + frequency shift
= LED TXD and RXD = on
= start polarity

Control Signals

OFF = negative voltage

ON = positive voltage

General signals

DCE Data Circuit terminating Equipment (modem)

DTE Data Terminal Equipment (computer)

6.2.1.2 Functional description of grounding signals

FG Frame ground. This pin is normally connected to the shield of the


data cable. Internally it is connected to protective earth by two 220 Ohm
resistors in parallel to suppress any electromagnetic interference and to
limit the current in the shield. These resistors are on pins, EB, and can
optionally be removed by the user.

SG Signal ground. This connector establishes the common ground refer-


ence for all the circuits. As recommended by the RS - 232 - D and
RS - 423 - A standards the signal ground can be connected directly to
the protective earth, or the connection can be made using two 220 Ohm
1/4 watt resistors in parallel on pins EA. The suggested setting is to
leave the bridge open to prevent ground currents flowing in the signal
ground.

6.2.1.3 Functional description of input signals (from DTE to DCE)

DTR DTE Ready. When this signal is off the transmitter and the receiver are
disabled and all other input signals to the modem are ignored. The mo-
dem still outputs the following signals when the DTR is off: a) a transmit
and/or receive clock if the functions are enabled. b) TI if a test is initiated
from the front panel. An ON condition on DTR enables all the normal
modem functions.

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RTS Request To Send. An ON condition on this input switches the transmit-


ter carrier on. When the modem is switched on the TXD input must be in
a MARK state until the CTS output is switched on by the modem. When
the DTE equipment does not use the CTS signal then the DTE must
send a MARK for at least three bits before sending the telegram. The
TXD input must be in a MARK state a time of at least one bit before RTS
is switched off. In a half-duplex mode the RTS signal controls the direc-
tion of the data transmission. In a local loopback test initiated from the
V.24 interface the RTS signal controls the selection of the test channel.
An ON condition selects the transmitter channel and an OFF condition
the receiver channel.

TXD Transmit Data. The data signals generated by the DTE are transferred
to the modem by this signal. The signals DTR, RTS, DSR and CTS must
be in an ON state before data is transferred to the modem. The DTE
shall hold the signal in a MARK condition when no data is being trans-
ferred.

LL Local Loopback. An ON condition on this input enables a local loop-


back test mode according to recommendation ITU-T V.54 loop 3. The
DTR input must be on before this input is recognized. The RTS input
determines the test channel. An OFF condition on LL ends the local
loopback test and the modem switches back to the normal data transfer
mode.

SS Select Standby. (only G4AF). When the automatic switch-over between


main and standby function is disabled then the line switching is con-
trolled by this input. An OFF state switches the receiver onto the main
line and an ON state switches the receiver onto the standby line.

ISP Input Special. (low level receive option). An ON condition on this input
increases the receiver gain by 12 dB. This function has been added for
allowing low level signals to be received.

SEL Select an alternate baudrate. This signal switches the baudrate for the
regenerator and the modem self tests to the alternate baudrate. The sig-
nal only effects the 50 and 100 Bd channels. The input is normally posi-
tive. A negative voltage switches the 50 and 100 Bd channels to 75 and
150 Bd respectively.

6.2.1.4 Functional description of output signals (from DCE to DTE)

DSR DCE Ready. This signal is the answer to DTR. When DTR is on then
DSR is on during normal operation. DSR will not respond to DTR under
the following conditions : a) When a modem test is initiated from the
front panel then DSR switches off to indicate that the modem is not
ready for data transmission. b) For a fault condition on the modem.

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CTS Clear To Send. This signal is the answer to RTS. A low indicates that
the transmitter is not ready to transfer data to the communication chan-
nel. An ON condition indicates that the transmitter is ready to transmit.
During a local loopback test this signal, in combination with TI, indicates
when the modem is ready for testing and data can be sent from the DTE
to the modem. A modem fault or a reset condition switches this signal to
the OFF state.

DCD Data Carrier Detect. An ON condition indicates that the receiver is re-
ceiving a suitable carrier. When no suitable carrier is being received then
the signal is off and RXD is clamped to a MARK. A modem fault or a re-
set condition switches this signal to the OFF state.

RXD Received Data. The data bits received by the modem are transferred to
the DCE by this signal. During normal operation the demodulated data is
transferred directly to the RXD output. When the regenerator is enabled
then the distortion is removed from the received data before it is output.
No carrier blocks the RXD output to a negative voltage or to a mark.

RCK Receive Clock. The receive clock is in the OFF state when the receive
regenerator is off. When the receive regenerator is enabled then the re-
ceive clock is active and the receive data is phase synchronized to the
receiver clock. A negative transition corresponds to the middle of a data
bit.

TI Test Indicate. An OFF condition indicates that the modem is in normal


operation. An ON condition indicates to the DTE that the modem is in a
test mode. This can be a local loopback test initiated from the V.24 in-
terface or a test initiated from the front panel.

SPC Simpact Carrier Output. This output is specially designed for inter-
facing to the Simpact. It switches on shortly after the DCD but only
switches off with a longer delay after the DCD has switched off.

TVP Test Voltage Positive. May be used to set any of the inputs to on, or as
a source for special interface circuits. See chapter 6.2.9 to 6.2.11.

TVN Test Voltage Negative. May be used to set any of the inputs to off, or
as a source for special interface circuits. See chapter 6.2.9 to 6.2.11.

OUT Output. The function of this output pin is selectable to SQ, SS-O,
SS-O-INV or TCK :

TCK Transmit Clock. This signal is an output clock for the trans-
mitter of the DTE. The output frequency equals the baudrate
selected.

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SQ Signal Quality. An ON condition indicates that the receiver is


receiving data which has a low probability of an error. An OFF
condition indicates that the received data has a high probability
of an error. SQ switches off immediately one millisecond after it
has detected a possibly faulty bit and stays off for 1 to 2 bits.

SS-O Select Standby Output Indication. An ON state indicates that


the receiver is connected to the standby line. An OFF state in-
dicates that the receiver is connected to the main line.

SS-O-INV Inverted Select Standby Output Indication. An OFF state


indicates that the receiver is connected to the standby line. An
ON state indicates that the receiver is connected to the main
line.

6.2.1.5 Extra input and output signals

For special applications provision has been made for connecting two extra lines
to connector X2. The I/O connections are used by attaching a wire to pin XA or
XB and to one of the solder pins on the board. The following connections can be
made:

XA or XB to input pin:

XH External reset input. This pin can be used to externally reset the mo-
dem. A low voltage or off enables the normal modem operation and a
high voltage or on resets the modem. See the technical data in chapter 4
for the actual voltage levels required on this input.

XA or XB to output pin:

EE Inverted signal quality output. An OFF condition indicates that the re-
ceiver is receiving data which has a low probability of an error. An ON
condition indicates that the received data has a high probability of an er-
ror. The signal switches on immediately one millisecond after a faulty bit
has been detected and stays on for 1 to 2 bits.

EF TX clock output. This signal is an output transmit clock for the DTE.
The output frequency equals the baudrate selected.

EG Inverted select standby output. An OFF state indicates that the re-
ceiver is connected to the standby line. An ON state indicates that the
receiver is connected to the main line.

EH Select standby output. An ON state indicates that the receiver is con-


nected to the standby line. An OFF state indicates that the receiver is
connected to the main line.

See the technical data in chapter 4 for the actual output voltage levels.

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6.2.1.6 Data signals

When DTR is off all the modem functions are disabled, except the front panel test
switch.

DTR - DSR :
on
DTR
off
on
DSR
off

10 mS 10 mS

A B DTR1.DSF

Figure 6.9 DTR timing.

A: DSR switches on 10 ms after DTR switches on. After this time all the mo-
dem functions are enabled.

B: DSR switches off 10 ms after DTR switches off. All the modem functions
are disabled.

TRANSMITTER:
on
RTS
off
on
CTS
off
SPACE
TXD
MARK

RECEIVER:
on
DCD
off
SPACE
RXD
MARK

A B C D E F TIM1.DSF

Figure 6.10 Basic modem timing diagram.

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A: For normal operation RTS switches on the transmitter and the transmitter
outputs a carrier signal to the line.

B: CTS indicates when the channel is ready and the transmitter can begin
sending data. This takes a time of about 3 bits. TXD must be in a MARK
state until CTS goes high.

C: The remote receiver switches on after delay equal to RTS on to DCD on


delay time.

D: The channel propagation delay time.

E: RTS switches off. CTS switches off at the same time. TXD must be in a
MARK state for at least one bit before RTS switches off.

F: DCD on the remote receiver switches off after RTS off to DCD off delay
time.

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6.2.2 Half-duplex operation

For the half-duplex mode the RTS controls the direction of data transfer. When
RTS is on then the modem is in a transmitting mode and the receiver is blocked.
When RTS is off then the receiver is enabled.

TRANSMITTER:
on
RTS
off
on
CTS
off
on
Transmitter
off

RECEIVER:
on
Receiver
off
on
DCD
off

A B C D EF HD1.DSF

Figure 6.11 Signal timing in the half-duplex mode.

A: RTS switches off indicating the end of the transmitting cycle. This switches
the transmitter off.
B: The signals on the line take time to decay to a negligibly small value. This
time is the transmitter switch off time. (See Table 4.1) When the line signals
have decayed then the receiver switches on.
C: The receive carrier is received. If the remote transmitter is transmitting
when the local receiver is enabled then the time is approximately equal to
RTS on to DCD on time.
D: The local transmitter is switched on when RTS goes high. This immediately
blocks the input to the receiver.
E: The CTS switches on to indicate that the channel is open to transmit. This
is only valid if the remote receiver was enabled at the same time as the lo-
cal transmitter.
F: The receive carrier output is detected as off after a time delay.

F
Note: 1) To prevent wrong bits being received both the
transmitting and the receiving modem must be in a
MARK state when the state of RTS is changed.
2) See table 4.1 for timing values.

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6.2.3 Regenerator

Regenerator :
on
DCD
off

RCK

Internal RXD

SPACE
RXD MARK

> 100 bits


A B E F

CD G REGEN1.DSF

Figure 6.12 The operation of the regenerator with MARK-SPACE synchro-


nization.

A: When DCD is off the frequency tracking is reset to the nominal baudrate.

B: In this example the synchronization is set on a MARK - SPACE transition.


This is the normal synchronization polarity. When the RXD is a MARK the
regenerator gets ready for phase synchronization.

C: The phase synchronization edge. Notice that the receive clock is also reset
to a low at this time.

D: The first synchronized bit is output if it is the correct polarity. (In this case a
SPACE). If the receive data polarity at this time is incorrect then it is as-
sumed that the previous synchronizing pulse was just a spike and not a re-
ceived data bit and the regenerator then waits for the next MARK - SPACE
synchronization transition.

E: The digital phase-locked-loop (PLL) tracks the frequency and the phase of
the incoming data.

F: The PLL can only track when there are changes in the receive data polarity.
During time F the PLL free runs at the frequency set from the last data
transition.

G: If no data transitions occur for a period of greater than 100 bits then the re-
generator re-synchronizes the phase on the next MARK - SPACE transi-
tion. The tracking frequency is only reset when the receive carrier goes off.

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6.2.4 Local loopback test

Local Loopback Test (Initiated from V.24 Interface) is used by the DTE to verify
the correct operation of the modem. It is done according to Recommendation
ITU-T V.54 loop 3. All the active circuits in the modem transmitter and receiver
path are tested.

The test is initiated from the DTE by switching the LL signal high. The DTE sends
data to the modem and the modem loops the data back to the DTE. The DTE
then must examine the data.

Local loopback from V.24 interface:


on
LL
off
on
RTS
off
on
DCD
off
on
CTS
off
on
Receiver
off
on
Transmitter
off
LL
LL relay
line
on
TI LED
off

10 mS 10 mS

50 mS 50 mS 50 mS 50 mS 50 mS

AB C D E F G H I
LL1.DSF

Figure 6.13 Signal timing for a local loopback.

F
Note: 1) For modem to respond to the LL test signal, DTR
must be high and the modem must not be in a test
mode initiated from the front panel.
2) All communication with the remote modem will be
interrupted for the duration of the test.

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Sequence

A: LL signal goes to a high state.

B: After a hysteresis delay of 10 ms the transmitter and receiver are switched


off.

C: The modem then waits a for a time of 50 ms for all line signals to decay
before switching on the local loopback relay and the TI signal.

D: The local loopback relay is given a time of 50 ms to change state and then
the transmitter and the receiver are switched on.

E: CTS indicates when the DTE can start transferring test information to the
modem. DCD changes to an ON state when the carrier from the transmitter
is being received.

F: The test baudrate and channel are determined by the RTS input. An ON
state selects the transmitter channel and an OFF state the receiver chan-
nel. In most cases it is not important to the DTE which channel is being
used except when the V.23 mode is selected and the transmit channel is
1200 Bd and the receive channel is 50 Bd. (or vice versa). The state of the
RTS input can change during the test. When the state does change the
transmitter and receiver are switched off for 50 ms to allow the modem to
change the test channel.

G: The local loopback test ends 10 ms after LL returns to the OFF state.

H: The modem waits 50 ms for the internal signals to decay before switching
the TI LED off and the relay back to the line.

I: The local loopback relay is given 50 ms to change state. This is the end of
the test.

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6.2.5 Modem self tests

These tests are controlled by switch S4 on the front panel. For the duration of the
test all signals on the data interface are ignored by the modem. For the 50 and
100 Bd channels the actual test baudrate is dependent on the SEL input signal. A
high level, which is the default, results in a test on 50 or 100 baud. A low input
voltage level on the SEL input sets the baudrate on 75 or 150 baud.

There are three possible tests:

1) Transmit a 511 pseudo random test code.


The test is started by pressing switch S4 in the direction TTX. A 511
pseudo random test code according to ITU-T V.52 is transmitted onto the
line. The code is available on the RXD output.

2) Receive and analyze a 511 pseudo random test code.


The test is started by pressing S4 in the direction TRX. The modem ex-
pects to receive a 511 test code according to ITU-T V.52. The signal on the
line is received and analyzed. The DCD LED shows the status of the re-
ceived data:
* DCD off : The modem is not receiving any data or is not synchronized to
the received data.
* DCD continuously on : The modem is synchronized to the error free re-
ceived data.
* DCD blinks off: The DCD LED switches off for about 300 ms for each error
in the received data.
The received regenerated data is available on the RXD pin.
The receiver can be switched between the main and standby lines by
pressing switch S4 in the TRX direction. (G4AF only).

3) Do a local loopback self test.


The local loopback test is started by pressing switch S4 in both directions.
By pressing first in the TTX and then in the TRX direction the modem goes
into a local loopback self test mode on the transmitter channel. By pressing
first in the TRX and then the TTX direction puts the modem into a local
loopback self test mode on the receiver channel. A 1:1 code is transmitted
and received within the modem. The transmitted line signal is not available
on the output, but the 1:1 received data signal is available on the RXD pin.
The DCD LED shows the status of the modem self test:
* DCD off : The modem is not receiving data .
* DCD continuously on : The modem is synchronized to the received data
and there are no errors.
* DCD blinks : The DCD LED blinks continuously if only one error is received.

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Starting tests:
TTX
>100 mS
S4 off
>100 mS
TRX
100 mS 2000 mS

A B

Changing line during a receive test (G4AF only) :

TTX
> 50 mS
S4 off
TRX
50 mS 1000 mS

Standby
Line
Main

C D

Ending tests:

TTX
< 550 mS
S4 off
TRX
550 mS

E F TEST1.DSF

Figure 6.14 The timing for front panel tests.

A: A test is started by pressing S4 in direction TTX or TRX for longer than 100
ms. After a hysteresis time of 100 ms the transmitter and the receiver are
switched off. DSR and CTS are also switched off to indicate to the DTE that
the modem is not in service.

B: The modem waits for a period of 2000 ms after S4 is released before start-
ing the tests. During this time S4 can be pressed in the other direction to do
a local loopback test. When the tests are started the TI LED and the TI sig-
nal output go on to indicate that a test is in progress.

C: For a receive test on a G4AF modem the line can be changed by pressing
S4 in the direction TRX for longer than 50 ms. Receive bit errors will occur
because the receive signal will be interrupted while the relay is changing
state.

D: A hysteresis prevents the receive line from being changed for 1000 ms.

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E: The tests can be ended by waiting for the time out period of 5 minutes or
earlier by pressing S4 in the direction TTX for less than 550 ms.

F: After a period of 550 ms the TI LED is switched off and the modem is ready
to operate in the normal mode.

6.2.6 RTS contact output

The output is an opto-isolated transistor contact that can be used in radio com-
munications to switch on the radio transmitter. The transistor is switched on when
RTS is on. Voltage dependent resistors (VDR) to protective earth protect the out-
put against over voltages.

6.2.7 Carrier alarm

The carrier alarm is designed to give an alarm when the carrier signal from the
remote station is not being received. The alarm switch on delay time is set by
means of R199 and the alarm hold time by R198. The time delay is necessary to
prevent short breaks in the transmission causing a carrier alarm or noise bursts
during a carrier alarm switching it off.

The alarm output is available as a contact on the modem front panel. The output
contact can be set for normally open or normally closed or disabled to prevent the
relay continuously switching when the modem is used in a carrier on/off keying
configuration.

The carrier alarm can be combined with the common alarm output by inserting a
solder bridge. The common alarm LED on the front panel will then be on for a
carrier failure.

6.2.8 Common alarm

The status of the modem is monitored by a watchdog and a power supply super-
vision circuit. If a fault is detected then the alarm LED on the front panel and the
common alarm output transistor are switched on.

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6.2.9 Interfacing the NSK5 to the ED 1601 / ED 1602

Both the modules, ED 1601 = transmitter and ED 1602 = receiver, belong to the
ED 1000 family from ABB Network Control.

1602 NSK5

(2/5) 3
TEL RXD

(2/9) 8
ALC DCD

(2/3) 7
GND SG

Connect: T34-T35
T27-T28
Open: T25-T26
T29-T30
T31-T32
2.2 Kohm/0.25 W

9
TVP
1601
2.2 Kohm/0.25 W

20
DTR

TD’ (2/5)

TD" (2/3) 2
TXD

TRS’ (2/9)

TRS" (2/7) 4
12 Kohm/0.25 W

12 Kohm/0.25 W

RTS

10
TVN
ED1_1601.DSF

Figure 6.15 Interfacing the NSK5 to the ED 1601 / 1602.

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6.2.10 Interfacing the NSK5 to the ED 1624

The channel module ED 1624 forms the interface between the ABB SCADA
system, ED 1000, and the FSK channel.

ED1624 NSK5

RD (2/21) 3
RXD

RL (2/23) 8
DCD

0V (2/15) 7
SG

24V 9
TVP

20
DTR

12V/0.5W
TD (2/17) 2
TXD
Z-Diode
24V

12V/0.5W
10 Kohm/0.25 W

10 Kohm/0.25 W

TRS (2/19) 4
RTS
Z-Diode

10
TVN ED1_1624.DSF

Figure 6.16 Interfacing the NSK5 to the ED 1624.

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6.2.11 Interfacing the NSK5 to the Phoenix power optocoupler

Type : EMG 17-OV- 12DC/220 DC/1

Order number : 29 54 06 0

The modem can be used as a remote controller to switch a valve or a large elec-
tro-mechanical device. It may then be necessary to isolate the modem by using
an optocoupler. Figure 6.17 shows how the optocoupler is connected to the mo-
dem. Note that the polarity can be changed by changing the output connections
from the modem. The optocoupler increases the distortion of the received data
signal by 3% at 200 Bd.
Input - drive voltage / current 12 V ± 10 % / 6 mA
Output - Off voltage withstand capability ≤ 220 VDC
- On contact rating ≤ 1 ADC @ 1.2 V typ.
Insulation voltage - Primary to secondary 4 kVAC
- Conforms to VDE 110, Gr. C for 250 VAC
VDE 160
Maximum baudrate 200 Bd
Operating temperature –20 ... 55 °C

NSK 5 Modem OPTO.DSF

X6:9 TVP + A1 13
+

X6:3 RXD Transistor on


A2 for a MARK
- 14
A2 -

NSK 5 Modem

X6:3 RXD + A1 13
+

X6:10 TVN Transistor off


A2 for a MARK
- 14
A2 -

Figure 6.17 Connecting the NSK5 to an optocoupler.

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6.2.12 Interfacing three modems NSK5 with adapter V9MS in an intermedi-


ate station

The adapter with a size of 7.5 x 7.5 x 4.5 cm is mounted on a DIN rail in the back
of a cabinet and connects three modems in a transit station within a network
control system. Two times two active outputs have to be connected together and
fed into one input. This is done in a “wired or” connection for the inputs RXD and
DCD from the remote stations. The outputs of the wired or go to the TXD and
RTS input in direction to main station. These connections are only working, if the
quiescent levels are low. For a better signal shaping the two resistors 10kOhm
are used. The two other connections RXD and DCD from the main station are
driving the TXD and RTS of the remote stations. The signal ground of all three
modems is connected together. Figure 6.18 shows the actual connections in an
intermediate station.

Direction to Direction to
main station further substations

Interface Adapter V9MS


TXD 2 TXD RXD 1 RXD
Tx RTS 4 RTS DCD 3 DCD Rx

RXD 6 RXD TXD 5 TXD Direction A


DCD 8 DCD RTS 7 RTS
Rx 10 SG SG 9 Tx
SG SG
12 TVN 10Kohm/0.5W NSK5 Modem
TVN
NSK5 Modem Diodes:
1N4148
10Kohm/0.5W

RXD 18 RXD
DCD 20 DCD Rx
TXD 14 TXD Direction B
RTS 16 RTS
SG 22 Tx
SG
NSK5 Modem
V9MS-Schema.DSF

Figure 6.18 Connection with interface adapter V9MS.

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6.2.13 Modem power supply

The NSK5 modem and the alarm circuit can be supplied from the same supply or
from two separate supplies. When a separate supply is used then the modem
supply input and the alarm supply input are galvanically isolated from each other.
Both power supply inputs are galvanically isolated from the modem electronics,
the data interface and the telecommunication line connections.

The NSK5 on-board switch-mode power supply draws an almost constant power
from the input supply. The starting current is higher than the nominal current. Ta-
ble 6.19 shows the required peak and continuous rating at 24 volt. For a voltage
other than 24 volt the peak starting current remains the same but the continuous
current varies inversely proportional to the voltage. The peak current occurs ap-
proximately 700 ms after power is applied to the modem and lasts for approxi-
mately 100 ms.

The modem has a peak limiting circuit that limits the capacitor charging current.
Therefore the modem can be plugged into any tier without having to switch the
power off.

Number of Peak starting Continuous


Modems current current @ 24V
(mA) (mA) max.
1 350 220
2 700 440
3 1000 660
4 1300 880
5 1550 1100
6 1800 1320
7 2000 1540
8 2100 1760
9 2200 1980

Table 6.19 Peak starting and continuous current required.

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Instruction Manual NSK5 Operation with ETL Power Line Carrier

7. OPERATION WITH ETL POWER LINE CARRIER

7.1 Inserting into ETL40 and ETL80 family


The NSK5 modem version G4AE is compatible with the ETL and can be plugged
into the ETL tier. When using the double supply module, B4LB, and no NSD50,
up to five modems can be inserted into positions 15, 21, 27, 33 and 39. The sin-
gle supply module, B4LA, limits the number of modems to four. Not all of these
positions may be available depending on what other AF-options are being used
in the ETL.

NSD50

AF options or NSK5 Basic ETL units

1 10 15 21 27 33 39
G4AE G4AE G4AE G4AE G4AE
B4LA
B4LB NSK5 NSK5 NSK5
NSK5 NSK5
Aux. supply

48VDC
AF AF AF AF AF
options options options options options
O4LA O4LA O4LA O4LA O4LA
E1LA E1LA E1LA E1LA E1LA
O4LB/C O4LB/C O4LB/C O4LB/C O4LB/C
O4LD O4LD O4LD O4LD O4LD

G4AA
G4AC G4AC
DSP G4AD G4AD
module NSD50 NSD50
NSD50

1R = 5.08 mm ETL2.DSF

Figure 7.1 Shows the possible positions of the G4AE modem


in an ETL tier.

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1KHL015989-EN
Instruction Manual NSK5 Operation with ETL Power Line Carrier

NSK5 Modem ETL


X1 X115, X121, X127, X133, X139
USB c18 Slow Mut
ZB (not used by the modem)
ZA

USA a22
+V
c22

0V a24 -V
c24

PE a32
c32 P4LA
PE
Alarm C-ALARM c20 Common Alarm Blocking
Circuit
control

alarm

Alarm 0V-AL a26 P4LB


Disconnect
c26
Tx AF
-10 dBr
Transmitter output

a12 TXAF-D (15)


5a
10k ohm
T1
TX 2
XT1 Test points
AH 1
AF AG ETL ground
1b a14

Rx AF
-10 dBr

(23)
Receiver input

3a a20 RXAF-3k85
T3
RX 2
XT3 Test points
1
AB AA ETL ground
3b a16

ETLCON.DSF

Figure 7.2 The connections between the NSK5 G4AE modem


and the ETL.

The modems are supplied from the internal ±12.8 V. The transmitter AF signals
are connected to the disconnectable bus TXAF-D. The receiver AF signal is
taken from the broadband bus Rx AF-3K85. A COMMON ALARM generated by
the NSK5 is connected to the ETL alarm bus (AF-COMMON) and thus to the
P4LA, where it activates the corresponding alarms.

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Instruction Manual NSK5 Operation with ETL Power Line Carrier

7.1.1 Level settings

The transmit and receive levels can be measured, on test points XT1 and XT3
respectively, with a high impedance instrument.

F
Note: The right test point is the ground from the ETL equip-
ment.

The reference level at the interface to the ETL is –10 dBr.

7.1.1.1 Transmit level settings

The modem transmit level setting depends on the baudrate. Table 7.1 gives the
recommended settings. The ETL summation level setting is dependent on the
number and the baudrate of modem channels used. Please consult the ETL de-
scription HENF 91 151 for information on this setting.

Baudrate Relative transmit Actual measured TX level


(Bd) level setting G4AE : XT1 (1-2) (dBu)
(dBm0) P4LB : Tx AF (15) (dBu)
50 -14 -24
100 -11 -21
200 -8 -18
300 -8 -18
600 -3 -13
1200 V.23 0 -10
1200 + Speech -3 -13
2400 0 -10

Table 7.1 Transmit level settings for an NSK5 inserted into an ETL.

The transmit level of the 600 Bd to 2400 Bd channels can be set by the jumpers.
The level of the others needs to be set with the a potentiometer. See table 8.5 for
the programming.

If the exact transmit level is not critical then the levels of all the channels, except
the 50 Bd, can be set with the jumpers by choosing the setting nearest to the
level indicated in the table. The 1 dB level difference is insignificant in most appli-
cations.

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1KHL015989-EN
Instruction Manual NSK5 Operation with ETL Power Line Carrier

7.1.1.2 Receive sensitivity settings

Receive sensitivity settings for a receive level margin of 15 dB.

Baudrate Receive sensitivity settings


(Bd) (carrier off level)
(dBu)
50 -39
100 -36
200 -33
300 -33
600 -27
1200 V.23 -24
1200 + Speech -27
2400 -24

Table 7.2 Receive sensitivity setting (DCD off level) for an NSK5 in-
serted into an ETL when the transmit levels are set as
in table 7.1.

See table 8.6 for the switch settings.

7.1.2 Termination

The line termination jumpers must be in positions AH and AB.

7.1.3 Common Alarm

The common alarm is connected to the ETL through X1. The common alarm
power supply must come from the same source as the modem. Therefore jumper
ZA must be in.

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Instruction Manual NSK5 Operation with ETL Power Line Carrier

7.1.4 Channel frequency allocation

AF ETL Bandwidth

Speech 2000 Hz Pilot Standard

Speech 2200 Hz Pilot Standard

Speech 2400 Hz Pilot Standard


3780 Hz

Pilot Pilot Pilot Pilot Pilot Options


2400 Hz
2160 Hz 2640 Hz 3360 Hz 3600 Hz

2220
1140

2340
2460

3060
3180
3300
3420
3540
1020

1860

2100

2700
2820
2940
50 Bd channels
1260
1380
1500
1620
1740

2580
1980
420
540
660
780
900

120 Hz

100 Bd channels
480 720 960 1200 1440 1680 1920 2160 2400 2640 2880 3120 3360 240 Hz

200 Bd channels
540 900 1260 1620 1980 2340 2700 3060 3420 360 Hz

200 Bd channels
600 1080 1560 2040 2520 3000 480 Hz

300 Bd channels
600 1080 1560 2040 2520 3000 480 Hz

600 Bd channels
960 1920 2880 960 Hz

600 Bd channels
1320 2760 960 Hz

1200 Bd channel
1700 2400 Hz
CCITT V.23

2400 Bd channel
2000 3200 Hz

1200 Bd channel
1980
420

Speech or data channels 2860 1640 Hz


above
Speech 2000 Hz

300 1000 2000 3000 3600 Hz 4000 Hz

CHANETL.DSF

Figure 7.3 Channel utilization over the ETL.

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Instruction Manual NSK5 Operation with ETL Power Line Carrier

The NSK5 modem has two special high speed channels that are optimized to
work over the ETL. These are the 1200 Bd above speech and the 2400 Bd chan-
nels. The 2400 Bd channel uses the whole bandwidth and the 1200 Bd above
speech only the bandwidth above 2 kHz. The lower part of the band, up to 2 kHz,
is normally used for speech but it can be filled with other data channels, up to
2040 Hz, if this is required.

Channel baudrate Required equalization


Over ETL filter
50 Bd none
100 Bd none
200 Bd none
300 Bd none
600 Bd none
1200 Bd V.23 none
1200 Bd + Speech set automatically
2400 Bd at 2000 Hz 2400 Bd ETL (ETL40/80)

Table 7.3 Required equalization filters over ETL.

When the modem is used for transmitting over an ETL link then the channel
center frequency and the baudrate must be chosen so that it does not interfere
with the ETL pilot, NSD50 protection equipment or speech. The following tables
show the maximum and minimum channel center frequencies for operating over
an ETL with a pilot frequency of 3780 Hz.

F
Note: The pilot channel is 240 Hz wide. The NSD50 telepro-
tection is designed to operate in the speech band up to
2000 Hz. Data channels must not use the frequency
band below 2000 Hz when teleprotection is being
used. Failure to observe this could result in reduced
security of the teleprotection channel. Therefore if
teleprotection is being used follow the lowest channel
positions as indicated for speech to 2000 Hz.

All minimum and maximum channel positions are for the correct transmit levels
as specified in table 7.1.

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Instruction Manual NSK5 Operation with ETL Power Line Carrier

Baudrate Lowest channel (Hz)


(Bd) No speech no speech speech to speech to Speech to
1 ETL-Link 2 ETL-Links 2000 Hz 2200 Hz 2400 Hz
50 420 420 2220 2460 2700
100 480 480 2280 2520 2760
200 360 Hz 540 540 2340 2580 2820
200 480 Hz 600 600 2400 2640 2880
300 600 720 2400 2640 2880
600 960 1080 2640 2880 3120

Table 7.4 Lowest data channels over ETL.

Baudrate Highest channel (Hz)


(Bd) 1 ETL-link 2 ETL-links
with pilot
suppression filter
50 3540 3540
100 3480 3480
200 360 Hz 3420 3420
200 480 Hz 3360 3360
300 3360 2360
600 3120 2880

Table 7.5 Highest data channels over ETL.

All the data channels, except the 2400 Bd and the 1200 Bd above speech, will
work over at least two ETL links without data regeneration. The 2400 Bd and the
1200 above speech have been designed to work over only one link. If it is re-
quired to operate over more than one link then a pair of NSK5 modems will be
required to receive, regenerate and re-transmit the data at each intermediate sta-
tion.

The ETL offers an optional transit filter to extract part of the received bandwidth
for re-transmission. The filter offers a large number of options and is programma-
ble in 60 Hz steps.

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Instruction Manual NSK5 Operation with ETL Power Line Carrier

50Bd 100Bd 200Bd 200Bd 300Bd 600Bd


120Hz 240Hz 360Hz 480Hz 480Hz 960Hz
chan dist chan dist chan dist chan dist chan dist chan dist chan dist
(Hz) (%) (Hz) (%) (Hz) (%) (Hz) (%) (Hz) (%) (Hz) (%) (%)

420 4 480 8 540 9 600 6 600 11 840 18 V.23


1200 8
540 3 600 6 660 7 720 5 720 9 960 11 Bd

660 3 720 5 780 6 840 4 840 7 1080 9 1200


Bd + 12
780 3 840 5 900 6 960 3 960 5 1200 8 speech

2400
900 3 960 5 1020 6 1080 3 1080 4 1320 8
Bd 14
1020 3 1080 5 1140 6 1200 3 1200 4 1440 7 2000
Hz

1140 3 1200 5 1260 6 1320 3 1320 4 1560 7


1260 3 1320 5 1380 6 1440 3 1440 4 1680 7
1380 3 1440 5 1500 6 1560 3 1560 4 1800 6
1500 3 1560 5 1620 6 1680 3 1680 4 1920 6
1620 3 1680 5 1740 6 1800 3 1800 4 2040 6
1740 3 1800 5 1860 6 1920 3 1920 4 2160 6
1860 3 1920 5 1980 6 2040 3 2040 4 2280 6
1980 3 2040 5 2100 6 2160 3 2160 4 2400 6
2100 3 2160 5 2220 6 2280 3 2280 4 2520 6
2220 3 2280 5 2340 6 2400 3 2400 4 2640 6
2340 3 2400 5 2460 6 2520 3 2520 4 2760 7
2460 3 2520 5 2580 6 2640 3 2640 4 2880 8
2580 3 2640 5 2700 6 2760 3 2760 4 3000 9
2700 3 2760 5 2820 6 2880 3 2880 4 3120 11
2820 3 2880 5 2940 6 3000 3 3000 4
2940 3 3000 5 3060 6 3120 3 3120 4
3060 3 3120 5 3180 6 3240 3 3240 4
3180 3 3240 6 3300 6 3360 3 3360 5
3300 3 3360 6 3420 6
3420 3 3480 6
3540 4

Table 7.6 Typical isochronous distortion over one ETL link.

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Instruction Manual NSK5 Operation with ETL Power Line Carrier

50Bd 100Bd 200Bd 200Bd 300Bd 600Bd


120Hz 240Hz 360Hz 480Hz 480Hz 960Hz
chan dist chan Dist chan dist chan dist chan dist chan dist Chan dist
(Hz) (%) (Hz) (%) (Hz) (%) (Hz) (%) (Hz) (%) (Hz) (%) (%)

420 5 480 10 540 12 600 10 600 21 840 34 V.23


1200 14
540 4 600 7 660 10 720 9 720 14 960 21 Bd

660 3 720 6 780 8 840 8 840 9 1080 14 1200


Bd + 34
780 3 840 5 900 6 960 6 960 6 1200 13 Speech

2400
900 3 960 5 1020 6 1080 4 1080 5 1320 12
Bd 36
1020 3 1080 5 1140 6 1200 4 1200 5 1440 11 2000
Hz

1140 3 1200 5 1260 6 1320 4 1320 5 1560 9


1260 3 1320 5 1380 6 1440 4 1440 5 1680 7
1380 3 1440 5 1500 6 1560 4 1560 5 1800 6
1500 3 1560 5 1620 6 1680 4 1680 5 1920 6
1620 3 1680 5 1740 6 1800 4 1800 5 2040 6
1740 3 1800 5 1860 6 1920 4 1920 5 2160 6
1860 3 1920 5 1980 6 2040 4 2040 5 2280 6
1980 3 2040 5 2100 6 2160 4 2160 5 2400 6
2100 3 2160 5 2220 6 2280 4 2280 5 2520 6
2220 3 2280 5 2340 6 2400 4 2400 5 2640 7
2340 3 2400 5 2460 6 2520 4 2520 5 2760 8
2460 3 2520 5 2580 6 2640 4 2640 5 2880 12
2580 3 2640 5 2700 6 2760 4 2760 5 3000 19
2700 3 2760 5 2820 6 2880 4 2880 5 3120 26
2820 3 2880 5 2940 6 3000 4 3000 5
2940 3 3000 5 3060 6 3120 4 3120 7
3060 3 3120 5 3180 6 3240 4 3240 9
3180 3 3240 6 3300 7 3360 6 3360 12
3300 3 3360 6 3420 10
3420 3 3480 8
3540 4

Table 7.7 Typical isochronous distortion over two ETL links with a pilot sup-
pression low pass filter on the P4LB module.

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Instruction Manual NSK5 Operation with ETL Power Line Carrier

7.1.5 V9LA cable

The V9LA is an ETL cable that can also be used with the NSK5 modem. It plugs
into X2 on the back of the modem.

F
Note: Not all the data signals are available when using the
cable.

cable1.DSF

Figure 7.4 V9LA strips.

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Instruction Manual NSK5 Operation with ETL Power Line Carrier

G4AE / G4AF modem a2 V9LA 1a


XA

XB c2 1b

a6 2a
TI

c6 2b #
SS
a8 3a
OUT

c8 3b
TVN
-V

a12 4a
LL

DATA I/O
c12 4b
DCD
a14 5a
RCK

SG c14 5b

a18 6a
CTS

c18 6b
RTS

a20 7a
RXD

c20 7b
TXD

a24 8a
1A

T1 8b Main Transmitter
1B c24

2A a26 9a
#
T2 c26 9b Standby Transmitter
2B

4A a30 10a
#
T4 10b Standby Receiver
4B c30

X2 #= only available on G4AF


V9LA.DSF

Figure 7.5 V9LA cable connections.

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Instruction Manual NSK5 Operation with ETL Power Line Carrier

7.2 Inserting into ETL500 Release 1


The NSK5 modem version G4AE is compatible with ETL500 family within Re-
lease 1 and can be inserted directly into the channel rack P7LC. For further in-
formation see also Instruction Manual ETL541/542/581/582 1KHL015483.

16 12 13 11 17

16 12 14 11 17

9 1 5 1 1 1 6 7 6 5 1 1 1 15
or or or or or or or 8
2 2 2 2 2 2 2
or or or or or or or 10
3 3 3 3 3 3 3
or or or or
4 4 4 4

NSD50 NSD50

B O1 B1 B B2 O2 O

Frontview Sideview

Figure 7.6 Possible positions of the G4AE modem in an ETL500 tier.

Legend for the figure 7.6:


1: 2/4 wire PAX interface type O4LC or universal telephony unit type O4LD
2: Telecontrol interface type O4LA (with optional transit filter E1LA)
3: FSK-modem NSK5 type G4AE
4: NSD50 teleprotection interface type G4AC or G4AD
5: NSD50 teleprotection processing module type G4AA
6: AF-multiplexer type P4LB
7: RF-converter P4LQ
8: Alarm relay module type R1BC
9: DC-DC-converter type B4LE
10: Channel subrack type P7LC
11: Power amplifier type P1LA

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Instruction Manual NSK5 Operation with ETL Power Line Carrier

12: Transmit filter type E5LA or E5LB


13: Carrier combiner type P3LC or P3LD
14: RF hybrid type P3LB or P3DA
15: Receive filter type P4LR
16: Power supply type B5LA or B5LC
17: Power subrack type P7LA
Slot types for channel subrack (10):
B: Basic equipment
B1: Basic equipment for channel 1
B2: Basic equipment for channel 2
O: Optional equipment (depending on desired RF-frequencies and -power)
O1: Optional equipment for channel 1 (depending on desired services)
O2: Optional equipment for channel 2 (depending on desired services)

Up to four NSK5 modems may be inserted in the channel subrack for channel 1
and up to three for channel 2. The modems interface the signals for frequency di-
vision multiplexing (FDM) on the channels AF bus, see figure 7.7. The multiplex-
ing operation is controlled by the AF multiplexer module 6. It allows the available
frequency band to be shared between the teleprotection service and the other
services by switching off these services during transmission of teleprotection
commands and thus making the full output power and bandwidth of the PLC
equipment available to the teleprotection.

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Instruction Manual NSK5 Operation with ETL Power Line Carrier

The interconnections between the NSK5 modem G4AE and ETL500 Release 1
can be seen from Fig. 7.7:

NSK5 Modem ETL500 Release 1


X1
USB c18 Slow Mut
ZB (not used by the modem)
ZA

USA a22
+V
c22

0V a24 -V
c24

PE a32
c32 P4LQ
PE
Alarm C-ALARM c20 Common Alarm Blocking
Circuit
control

alarm

Alarm 0V-AL a26 P4LB


Disconnect
c26
TxAF
-10 dBr
Transmitter output
(15)
5a a12 TXAF-D
10k ohm
T1
TX 2
XT1 Test points
AH 1
AF AG ETL ground -10 dBr
1b a14

RxAF
-10 dBr

(23)
Receiver input

3a a20 RXAF-3k85
T3
RX 2
XT3 Test points
1
AB AA ETL ground -10 dBr
3b a16

ETLCON500R1.DSF

Figure 7.7 Interconnections ETL500 Release 1 and NSK5.

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Instruction Manual NSK5 Operation with ETL Power Line Carrier

The modems are supplied from the internal ±12.8 V. The transmitter AF signals
are connected to the disconnectable bus TXAF-D. The receiver AF signal is
taken from the broadband bus Rx AF-3K85. A COMMON ALARM generated by
the NSK5 is connected to the ETL alarm bus (AF-COMMON) and thus to the
P4LQ, where it activates the corresponding alarms. When operating in conjunc-
tion with ETL, access to the serial interface of NSK5 is achieved by inserting a
standard V9MU interface cable into the connector at the rear. The modem can
also be accessed for testing and measurement purposed via the 25 pin Sub-D
connector on the front.

7.2.1 Level settings

The transmit and receive levels can be measured on test points XT1 and XT3 re-
spectively, with a high impedance instrument.

F
Note: The right test point is the ground from the ETL equip-
ment.

The reference level at the interface to the ETL is –10 dBr.

7.2.1.1 Transmit level settings

The modem transmit level setting depends on the baudrate. Table 7.8 gives the
recommended settings. The ETL summation level setting is dependent on the
number and the baudrate of modem channels used.

Baudrate Relative transmit Actual measured TX level


(Bd) level setting G4AE : XT1 (1-2) (dBu)
(dBm0) P4LB : Tx AF (15) (dBu)
50 -14 -24
100 -11 -21
200 -8 -18
300 -8 -18
600 -3 -13
1200 V.23 0 -10
1200 + Speech -3 -13
2400 0 -10

Table 7.8 Transmit level settings for an NSK5 inserted into an


ETL500 Release 1.

The transmit level of the 600 Bd to 2400 Bd channels can be set by the jumpers.
The level of the others needs to be set with the potentiometer. See table 8.5 for
the programming.

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Instruction Manual NSK5 Operation with ETL Power Line Carrier

If the exact transmit level is not critical then the levels of all the channels, except
the 50 Bd, can be set with the jumpers by choosing the setting nearest to the
level indicated in the table. The 1 dB level difference is insignificant in most appli-
cations.

7.2.1.2 Receive sensitivity settings

Receive sensitivity settings for a receive level margin of 15 dB.

Baudrate Receive sensitivity settings


(Bd) (carrier off level)
(dBu)
50 -39
100 -36
200 -33
300 -33
600 -27
1200 V.23 -24
1200 + Speech -27
2400 -24

Table 7.9 Receive sensitivity setting (DCD off level) for an NSK5 in-
serted into an ETL500 Release 1 when the transmit levels are
set as in table 7.8.

See table 8.6 for the switch settings.

7.2.2 Termination

The line termination jumpers must be in positions AH and AB.

7.2.3 Common Alarm

The common alarm is connected to the ETL through X1. The common alarm
power supply must come from the same source as the modem. Therefore jumper
ZA must be in.

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Instruction Manual NSK5 Operation with ETL Power Line Carrier

7.2.4 Channel frequency allocation

ETL: useful AF bandwidth

Speech 2000 Hz Pilot S ta n d a rd

Speech 2200 Hz Pilot S ta n d a rd

Speech 2400 Hz Pilot


Pilot S ta n d a rd

Speech 3400 Hz Pilot S ta n d a rd

3840Hz

P il o t o p ti o n s
2160 ( m u lt ip le s o f 6 0 H z ) 3780 ETL

G u a rd
3780 o p ti o n s
2400 2640 2880 3120 3360 3600
N S D 50

m a x 28
1020

1260

2220

2460
1140

1380
1500
1620
1740
1860
1980
2100

2340

2820
2940
3060
3180

3420
3540
3660
3780
3900
2580
2700

3300
540

780
420

660

900

5 0 Bd cha nn el
1 20 Hz

m a x 14
480 720 960 1200 1440 1680 1920 2160 2400 2640 2880 3120 3360 3600 3840 1 00 Bd ch an ne l
2 40 Hz
max 9
540 900 1260 1620 1980 2340 2700 3060 3420 3780 2 00 Bd ch an ne l
3 60 Hz
max 7
2 00 Bd or
600 1080 1560 2040 2520 3000 3480 3 00 Bd ch an ne l
4 80 Hz
max 3
1080 2040 3000 6 00 Bd ch an ne l
9 60 Hz
2
1320 2760 6 00 Bd ch an ne l
9 60 Hz

1 200 Bd c ha nn e l
1700 2 400 H z
ITU V.2 3

1 200 Bd c ha nn e l
2860 a bove
spee ch 200 0 H z

24 00 Bd ch a nn el
2000 32 00 Hz

Vo ic e b and
300 - 3400 m o d em
3 000 H z

300 1000 2000 3000 3720 4000 Hz


2160 2400 2640

Freq-alloc Rel 1 a.dsf

Figure 7.8 Channel utilization over the ETL500 Release 1.

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Instruction Manual NSK5 Operation with ETL Power Line Carrier

Frequency bands assigned to the pilot channels cannot be used for data trans-
mission. Only one pilot channel for 4kHz bandwith is used, normally the most up-
per one. The hatched frequency ranges may be used by channels of corre-
spondingly lower baud rates. The NSK5 modem has two special high speed
channels that are optimized to work over the ETL. These are the 1200 Bd above
speech and the 2400 Bd channels. The 2400 Bd channel uses the whole band-
width and the 1200 Bd above speech only the bandwidth above 2 kHz. The lower
part of the band, up to 2 kHz, is normally used for speech but it can be filled with
other data channels, up to 2040 Hz, if this is required.

Channel baudrate Required equalization


Over ETL filter
50, 100, 200,300, 600 Bd none
1200 Bd V.23 none
1200 Bd + Speech set automatically
2400 Bd at 2000 Hz 2400 Bd ETL

Table 7.10 Required equalization filters over ETL500 Release 1.

When the modem is used for transmitting over an ETL link then the channel
center frequency and the baudrate must be chosen so that it does not interfere
with the ETL pilot, NSD50 protection equipment or speech. The following tables
show the maximum and minimum channel center frequencies for operating over
an ETL with a pilot frequency of 3780 Hz.

F
Note: The pilot channel is 240 Hz wide. The NSD50 telepro-
tection is designed to operate in the speech band up to
2000 Hz. Data channels must not use the frequency
band below 2000 Hz when teleprotection is being
used. Failure to observe this could result in reduced
security of the teleprotection channel. Therefore if
teleprotection is being used follow the lowest channel
positions as indicated for speech to 2000 Hz.

All minimum and maximum channel positions are for the correct transmit levels
as specified in table 7.8.

Baudrate Lowest channel (Hz) Highest chan-


(Bd) nel (Hz)
no speech Speech to Speech to Speech to 1 ETL-link
1 ETL-Link 2000 Hz 2200 Hz 2400 Hz
50 420 2220 2460 2700 3660
100 480 2280 2520 2760 3600
200 360 Hz 540 2340 2580 2820 3540
200 480 Hz 600 2400 2640 2880 3480
300 600 2400 2640 2880 3480
600 960 2640 2880 3120 3240

Table 7.11 Data channels over ETL500 Release 1.

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Instruction Manual NSK5 Operation with ETL Power Line Carrier

All the data channels, except the 2400 Bd and the 1200 Bd above speech, will
work over at least two ETL links without data regeneration. The 2400 Bd and the
1200 above speech have been designed to work over only one link. If it is re-
quired to operate over more than one link, then a pair of NSK5 modems will be
required to receive, regenerate and re-transmit the data at each intermediate sta-
tion. The other possibility is the use of a special group delay equalisation filter in
the optional transitfilter E1LA which is mounted on the board O4LA.

This transit filter (E1LA) is able to extract a part of the received bandwith for re-
transmission in other directions. It offers a large number of options and is pro-
grammable in 60 Hz steps.

Typical isochrounous distortion over an ETL link for different baudrates are given
in table 7.12. The measurement were performed with an attenuator as line and a
standard equalizer selected. In operation over a high voltage line there will be an
integrated equalizer on the receiver side which equalizes the amplitude- and
groupdelav response. This may result in a slight higher channel propagation de-
lay. For further information see document “Equalization using MMI500” with the
number 1KHL015569.

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1KHL015989-EN
Instruction Manual NSK5 Operation with ETL Power Line Carrier

50Bd 100Bd 200Bd 200Bd 300Bd 600Bd


120Hz 240Hz 360Hz 480Hz 480Hz 960Hz
chan Dist chan dist chan Dist chan Dist Chan dist chan dist Chan dist
(Hz) (%) (Hz) (%) (Hz) (%) (Hz) (%) (Hz) (%) (Hz) (%) (%)

420 4 480 8 540 16 600 13 600 21 840 15 V.23


1200 13
540 3 600 6 660 9 720 4 720 8 960 8 Bd

660 3 720 6 780 7 840 4 840 6 1080 7 1200


Bd + 13
780 3 840 5 900 6 960 3 960 5 1200 6 Speech

2400
900 3 960 5 1020 6 1080 3 1080 4 1320 9
Bd 25
1020 3 1080 5 1140 6 1200 3 1200 4 1440 14 2000
Hz

1140 3 1200 5 1260 6 1320 3 1320 4 1560 9


1260 3 1320 5 1380 6 1440 3 1440 4 1680 9
1380 3 1440 5 1500 6 1560 3 1560 4 1800 7
1500 3 1560 5 1620 6 1680 3 1680 4 1920 6
1620 3 1680 5 1740 6 1800 3 1800 4 2040 6
1740 3 1800 5 1860 6 1920 3 1920 4 2160 8
1860 3 1920 5 1980 6 2040 3 2040 4 2280 6
1980 3 2040 5 2100 6 2160 3 2160 4 2400 6
2100 3 2160 5 2220 6 2280 3 2280 4 2520 6
2220 3 2280 5 2340 6 2400 3 2400 4 2640 8
2340 3 2400 5 2460 6 2520 3 2520 4 2760 9
2460 3 2520 5 2580 6 2640 3 2640 4 2880 9
2580 3 2640 5 2700 6 2760 3 2760 4 3000 10
2700 3 2760 5 2820 6 2880 3 2880 4 3120 14
2820 3 2880 5 2940 6 3000 3 3000 5
2940 3 3000 5 3060 6 3120 3 3120 5
3060 3 3120 5 3180 6 3240 4 3240 5
3180 3 3240 6 3300 6 3360 4 3360 6
3300 3 3360 6 3420 6
3420 3 3480 6
3540 5

Table 7.12 Typical isochronous distortion over one ETL500 Release 1 link.

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Instruction Manual NSK5 Operation with ETL Power Line Carrier

7.2.5 V9MU external cable

The V9MU is an ETL500 Release 1 cable that can also be used with the NSK5
modem. It plugs into X2 on the back of the modem.

F
Note: Not all the data signals are available when using the
cable.

a
1b
a 2b
a
3b
a
4b
a5b
a
6b
a 7b
a8b
a
9b
a0b

Figure 7.9 External cable V9MU Krone strips.

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Instruction Manual NSK5 Operation with ETL Power Line Carrier

G4AE modem a2 V9MU 1a


XA

XB c2 1b

a6 2a
TI

c6 2b

a8 3a
OUT

c8 3b
TVN
-V

a12 4a
LL

DATA I/O
c12 4b
DCD
a14 5a
RCK

SG c14 5b

a18 6a
CTS

c18 6b
RTS

a20 7a
RXD

c20 7b
TXD

a24 8a

c24 8b

a26 9a

c26 9b

a30 10a

c30 10b

V9MU.DSF X2
Figure 7.10 V9MU cable connections.

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Instruction Manual NSK5 Operation with ETL Power Line Carrier

7.3 Inserting into ETL500 family Release 3


The NSK5 modem version G4AK is compatible with ETL500 family within Re-
lease 3 and can be inserted directly into the channel rack P7LC. For further in-
formation see ETL500 instruction manual 1KHL015946.

3 34 76
B5LA (48 VDC) E5LA (100-500 kHz) P3LB
B5LC (115/230 VAC) E5LB (24-100 kHz)

Power Supply Tx-Filter RF-Hybrid

11 22 28 34 45 54 65 71 78

B4LE O4LE O4LE O4LE O4LE P4LQ O4LE O4LE O4LE P4LR

DC/DC- AF- AF- AF- AF- RX- AF- AF- AF- Rx-
Converter Inter- Inter- Inter- Inter- Con- Inter- Inter- Inter- Filter
face face face face verter face face face (optional)
Blind- Blind- Blind- Blind-
plate
plate plate 3 plate
5 5 units 5
units units units
G4AI G4AI G4AI G4AI G4AI G4AI G4AI

Inter- Inter- Inter- Inter- Inter- Inter- Inter-


face face face face face face face
NSD550 NSD550 NSD550 NSD550 NSD550 NSD550 NSD550

In the
rear:

G4AK G4AK G4AK R1BC G4AK G4AK

Modem Modem Modem Optional Modem Modem


NSK5 NSK5 NSK5 alarm- NSK5 NSK5
relay-
modul

9R 8R
B B: Basic equipment B Optional
ETL540 R3.1 P7LA&P7LC_.DSF

Figure 7.11 Possible positions of the G4AK modem in an ETL500 Re-


lease 3 (ETL540) tier.

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Instruction Manual NSK5 Operation with ETL Power Line Carrier

11 22 28 34 45 54 78

B4LE O4LE O4LE O4LE O4LE P4LQ O4LE P4LS

DC/DC- AF- AF- AF- AF- RX- AF- 5W RF-


Converter Inter- Inter- Inter- Inter- Con- Inter- Amplifier
face face face face verter face
Blind- Blind- Blind- Blind-
plate
plate plate 3 plate
5 5 units 6
units units units
G4AI G4AI G4AI G4AI G4AI

Inter- Inter- Inter- Inter- Inter-


face face face face face
NSD550 NSD550 NSD550 NSD550 NSD550

In the
rear:

G4AK G4AK G4AK R1BC

Modem Modem Modem Optional


NSK5 NSK5 NSK5 alarm-
relay-
modul

9R 20R
B B: Basic equipment B B

Figure 7.12 Possible positions of the G4AK modem in an 5 Watt ETL500


Release 3 (ETL505) tier.

Up to four NSK5 modems may be inserted in the channel rack for channel 1. The
modems interface the signals for frequency division multiplexing (FDM) on the
channels AF bus, see figure 7.13. The multiplexing operation is controlled by the
AF multiplexer in the module O4LE. It allows the available frequency band to be
shared between the teleprotection service and the other services by switching off
these services during transmission of teleprotection commands and thus making
the full output power and bandwidth of the PLC equipment available to the
teleprotection.

The interconnections between the NSK5 modem G4AK and ETL500 Release 3
can be seen from Fig. 7.13.

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Instruction Manual NSK5 Operation with ETL Power Line Carrier

NSK5 Modem ETL500 Release 3


X1
USB c18 Slow Mut
ZB (not used by the modem)
ZA

USA a22
+V
c22

0V a24 -V
c24

PE a32
c32 P4LQ
PE
Alarm C-ALARM c20 Common Alarm Blocking
Circuit
control

alarm

Alarm 0V-AL a26 04LE


c26

Transmitter output

5a a12 TXAF-D
10k ohm
T1
TX 2
Tx Test points
AH 1
AF AG ETL ground -10 dBr
1b a14

Receiver input

3a a20 RXAF-3k85
T3
RX 2
Rx Test points
1
AB AA ETL ground -10 dBr
3b a16

ETLCON500R3.DSF

Figure 7.13 Interconnections ETL500 Release 3 and NSK5.

The modems are supplied from the internal ±12.8 V. The transmitter AF signals
are connected to the bus TXAF-D. The receiver AF signal is taken from the
broadband bus Rx AF-3K85. A COMMON ALARM generated by the NSK5 is
connected to the ETL alarm bus (AF-COMMON) and thus to the P4LQ, where it
activates the corresponding alarms. When operating in conjunction with ETL, ac-
cess to the serial interface of NSK5 is achieved by inserting the V9OB interface

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Instruction Manual NSK5 Operation with ETL Power Line Carrier

cable into the connector at the rear. The modem can also be accessed for testing
and measurement purposed via the 25 pin Sub-D connector on the front.

7.3.1 Level settings

The transmit and receive levels can be measured on test points Tx and Rx re-
spectively, with a high impedance instrument.

F
Note: The right test point is the ground from the ETL equip-
ment.

7.3.1.1 Transmit level settings

The modem transmit level setting depends on the baudrate. Table 7.13 gives the
recommended settings. The ETL summation level setting is dependent on the
number and the baudrate of modem channels used. Please consult the ETL in-
struction manual for information on this setting.

Baudrate Relative transmit Actual measured TX level


(Bd) level setting G4AK : Tx (1-2) (dBu)
(dBm0)
50 -14 -24
100 -11 -21
200 -8 -18
300 -8 -18
600 -3 -13
1200 V.23 0 -10
1200 + Speech -3 -13
2400 0 -10

Table 7.13 Transmit level settings for an NSK5 inserted into an


ETL500 Release 3.

The transmit level of the 600 Bd to 2400 Bd channels can be set by the jumpers.
The level of the others needs to be set with the potentiometer. See table 8.5 for
the programming

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Instruction Manual NSK5 Operation with ETL Power Line Carrier

If the exact transmit level is not critical then the levels of all the channels, except
the 50 Bd, can be set with the jumpers by choosing the setting nearest to the
level indicated in the table. The 1 dB level difference is insignificant in most appli-
cations.

7.3.1.2 Receive sensitivity settings

Receive sensitivity settings for a receive level margin of 15 dB.

Baudrate Receive sensitivity settings


(Bd) (carrier off level)
(dBu)
50 -39
100 -36
200 -33
300 -33
600 -27
1200 V.23 -24
1200 + Speech -27
2400 -24

Table 7.14 Receive sensitivity setting (DCD off level) for an NSK5 in-
serted into an ETL500 Release 3 when the transmit levels are
set as in table 7.13.

See table 8.6 for the switch settings.

7.3.2 Termination

The line termination jumpers must be in positions AH and AB.

7.3.3 Common Alarm

The common alarm is connected to the ETL through X1. The common alarm
power supply must come from the same source as the modem. Therefore jumper
ZA must be in.

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Instruction Manual NSK5 Operation with ETL Power Line Carrier

7.3.4 Channel frequency allocation

ETL: useful AF bandwidth

Speech 2000 Hz
Speech 2200 Hz
Speech 2400 Hz
Speech 2600 Hz Pilot
Pilot S ta n d a rd
Speech 2800 Hz
Speech 3000 Hz
Speech 3200 Hz
Speech 3400 Hz

N S D 550 S ta n d a rd
Guard 2240 2440 o w n g u a rd Guard G u a rd
2640 o p ti o n s N S D 550
3840Hz

m ax 28
1020

1260

2220

2460
1140

1380
1500
1620
1740
1860
1980
2100

2340

2820
2940
3060
3180

3420
3540
3660
3780
3900
2580
2700

3300
540

780
420

660

900

50 Bd channel
120 H z

m ax 14
480 720 960 1200 1440 1680 1920 2160 2400 2640 2880 3120 3360 3600 3840 100 Bd channel
240 H z
m ax 9
540 900 1260 1620 1980 2340 2700 3060 3420 3780 200 Bd channel
360 H z
m ax 7
200 Bd or
600 1080 1560 2040 2520 3000 3480 300 Bd channel
480 H z
m ax 3
1080 2040 3000 600 Bd channel
960 H z
2
1320 2760 600 Bd channel
960 H z

1200 Bd channel
1700
1700 2400 H z
ITU V.23
1200 Bd channel
2860 above
speech 2000 H z

2400 Bd channel
2000 3200 H z

Voice band
300 - 3400 m odem < 9600 Bd
3000 H z

AM X500
BW = 3300 Hz up to 28.8 kbps

AM X500
BW = 3100 Hz up to 28.8 kbps

AM X500
BW = 2100 Hz up to 19.2 kbps

AM X500
BW = 1700 Hz up to 15.2 kbps

AM X500
BW = 1400 Hz up to 12.8 kbps

AM X500
BW = 1000 Hz up to 8.8 kbps
2000

2200

2400
2480

2600
2680
2320

2520

3000

3600

4000
2120

2880

3520

3720
300

Hz
1000

Freq-alloc Rel 3.2.dsf

Figure 7.14 Channel utilization over the ETL500 Release 3.

Frequency bands assigned to the pilot channels cannot be used for data trans-
mission. Only one pilot channel for 4kHz bandwith is used, normally the most up-
per one. The hatched frequency ranges may be used by channels of corre-
spondingly lower baud rates. The NSK5 modem G4AK has two special high
speed channels that are optimized to work over the ETL. These are the 1200 Bd
above speech and the 2400 Bd channels. The 2400 Bd channel uses the whole
bandwidth and the 1200 Bd above speech only the bandwidth above 2 kHz. The
lower part of the band, up to 2 kHz, is normally used for speech but it can be filled
with other data channels, up to 2040 Hz, if this is required.

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Instruction Manual NSK5 Operation with ETL Power Line Carrier

Channel baudrate Required equalization


over ETL filter
50, 100, 200,300, 600 Bd none
1200 Bd V.23 none
1200 Bd + Speech none
2400 Bd with 2000 Hz none

Table 7.16 Required equalization filters on modem G4AK.

When the modem is used for transmitting over an ETL link then the channel
center frequency and the baudrate must be chosen so that it does not interfere
with the ETL pilot, NSD550 protection or speech. The following tables show the
maximum and minimum channel center frequencies for operating over an ETL
with a pilot frequency of 3780 Hz.

F
Note: The pilot channel is 240 Hz wide. The NSD50 telepro-
tection is designed to operate in the speech band up to
2000 Hz. Data channels must not use the frequency
band below 2000 Hz when teleprotection is being
used. Failure to observe this could result in reduced
security of the teleprotection channel. Therefore if
teleprotection is being used follow the lowest channel
positions as indicated for speech to 2000 Hz.

All minimum and maximum channel positions are for the correct transmit levels
as specified in table 7.13.

Baudrate Lowest channel (Hz) Highest chan-


(Bd) nel (Hz)
no speech Speech to Speech to Speech to 1 ETL-link
1 ETL-Link 2000 Hz 2200 Hz 2400 Hz
50 420 2220 2460 2700 3660
100 480 2280 2520 2760 3600
200 360 Hz 540 2340 2580 2820 3540
200 480 Hz 600 2400 2640 2880 3480
300 600 2400 2640 2880 3480
600 960 2640 2880 3120 3240

Table 7.17 Data channels over ETL500 Release 3.

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Instruction Manual NSK5 Operation with ETL Power Line Carrier

All the data channels, except the 2400 Bd and the 1200 Bd above speech, will
work over at least two ETL links without data regeneration. When using the
’1200 Bd above speech’ or the ’2400 Bd’ channels, group delay equalization of
the ETL link is required. This is done by activating the allpass filter of the appro-
priate channel on P4LQ. It is recommended, when working with the allpass filter,
to use the built in equalizer of the ETL in mode ’Amplitude equalization only’.

For operation of these channels over two ETL-links in tandem, a special purpose
lowpass filter is available on O4LE, compensating the combined group delay
distortion of both links. In this special case, the allpass filters on P4LQ must be
disabled.

Another possibility to reduce isochronous distortion in multi hops is, to operate a


pair of NSK5 modems to receive, regenerate and re-transmit the data in an in-
termediate station.

A transit filter in the input or output of the AF interface O4LE can be choosen to
extract part of the bandwidth for re-transmission in other directions. It offers a
large number of options and is programmable in 60 Hz steps.

Typical isochrounous distortion over an ETL link for different baudrates are given
in table 7.18. The measurement were performed with an attenuator as line and a
standard equalizer selected. In operation over a high voltage line there will be an
integrated equalizer on the receiver side which equalizes the amplitude- and
groupdelav response. This may result in a slight higher channel propagation de-
lay. For further information see document 1KHL015569.

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Instruction Manual NSK5 Operation with ETL Power Line Carrier

50Bd 100Bd 200Bd 200Bd 300Bd 600Bd


120Hz 240Hz 360Hz 480Hz 480Hz 960Hz
chan dist chan dist chan Dist chan dist Chan dist chan dist chan dist
(Hz) (%) (Hz) (%) (Hz) (%) (Hz) (%) (Hz) (%) (Hz) (%) (%)

420 4 480 7 540 8 600 5 600 8 840 9 V.23


1200 7
540 3 600 6 660 7 720 4 720 7 960 8 Bd

660 3 720 5 780 6 840 3 840 5 1080 8 1200


Bd + 12
780 3 840 5 900 6 960 3 960 4 1200 7 speech

2400
900 3 960 5 1020 6 1080 3 1080 4 1320 6
Bd 14
1020 3 1080 5 1140 6 1200 3 1200 4 1440 6 2000
Hz

1140 3 1200 5 1260 6 1320 3 1320 4 1560 6


1260 3 1320 5 1380 6 1440 3 1440 4 1680 6
1380 3 1440 5 1500 6 1560 3 1560 4 1800 6
1500 3 1560 5 1620 6 1680 3 1680 4 1920 6
1620 3 1680 5 1740 6 1800 3 1800 4 2040 6
1740 3 1800 5 1860 6 1920 3 1920 4 2160 6
1860 3 1920 5 1980 6 2040 3 2040 4 2280 6
1980 3 2040 5 2100 6 2160 3 2160 4 2400 6
2100 3 2160 5 2220 6 2280 3 2280 4 2520 6
2220 3 2280 5 2340 6 2400 3 2400 4 2640 6
2340 3 2400 5 2460 6 2520 3 2520 4 2760 6
2460 3 2520 5 2580 6 2640 3 2640 4 2880 7
2580 3 2640 5 2700 6 2760 3 2760 4 3000 8
2700 3 2760 5 2820 6 2880 3 2880 4 3120 9
2820 3 2880 5 2940 6 3000 3 3000 4
2940 3 3000 5 3060 6 3120 3 3120 4
3060 3 3120 5 3180 6 3240 3 3240 4
3180 3 3240 6 3300 6 3360 3 3360 5
3300 3 3360 6 3420 6
3420 3 3480 6
3540 4

Table 7.18 Typical isochronous distortion over one ETL500 Release 3


link.

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Instruction Manual NSK5 Operation with ETL Power Line Carrier

7.3.5 V9OB external cable

The V9OB cable is for the NSK5 modem. It plugs into X2 on the back of the mo-
dem.

F
Note: Not all the data signals are available when using the
cable.

a
1b
a 2b
a
3b
a
4b
a5b
a
6b
a 7b
a8b
a
9b
a0b

Figure 7.15 External cable V9OB Krone strips.

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Instruction Manual NSK5 Operation with ETL Power Line Carrier

G4AK modem a2 V9OB 1a


XA

XB c2 1b

a6 2a
TI

c6 2b

a8 3a
OUT

c8 3b
TVN
-V

a12 4a
LL

DATA I/O
c12 4b
DCD
a14 5a
RCK

SG c14 5b

a18 6a
CTS

c18 6b
RTS

a20 7a
RXD

c20 7b
TXD

a24 8a

c24 8b

a26 9a

c26 9b

a30 10a

c30 10b

V9OB.DSF X2
Figure 7.16 V9OB cable connections.

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Instruction Manual NSK5 Programming

8. PROGRAMMING

8.1 Modem
8.1.1 Type G4AE/G4AF

10
8

1 1

S1 S2 S3 XG X1
XC
X6 XE
XF ZA ZB
EE EH
EB EA EC XD
EF EG CA CB CC CD CE CF
ED
XB XA
X7
DA DB
S4
DC
XT1
# XT2 DD
EI
XT3 X2
BD AD
# XT4
R198 R199 R209
# BC BE AC AE
X8 and X9 #
AH
# #

AF AG BFBG AA AB BA BB

SW1.DSF

Figure 8.1 G4AE/G4AF: shows the switch, solder bridges and jumper
positions.

(factory setting = solid lines).

F
Note: The designation "main line" on the G4AF modem is
equivalent to "line" on the G4AE and G4AK modem.

# = G4AF only.

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Instruction Manual NSK5 Programming

8.1.2 Type G4AK

on off
10
8

1 1
S1 S2 S3 XG X1
XC
X6 XE
XF ZA ZB
EE EH
EB EA EC XD
EF EG CA CB CC CD CE CF
ED
XB XA
X7
DA DB
S4
DC
Tx
DD
EI
Rx X2
BD AD

R198 R199 R209


BC BE AC AE
X8
AH

AF AG BFBG AA AB BA BB

Sw-G4AK.DSF

Figure 8.2 G4AK: shows the switch, solder bridges and jumper posi-
tions.

(factory setting = solid lines).

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Instruction Manual NSK5 Programming

8.1.3 Baudrate and channel frequency

Switch S1 : Function
1 2 3 Baudrate / Mode :
off off Off 50 Bd 120 Hz ± 30 Hz
off off On 100 Bd 240 Hz ± 60 Hz
off on Off 200 Bd 360 Hz ± 90 Hz
off on On 200 Bd 480 Hz ± 120 Hz *
on off Off 300 Bd 480 Hz ± 120 Hz
on off On 600 Bd 960 Hz ± 240 Hz
on on Off V.23 and 1200 Bd + Speech
on on On 2400 Bd

Table 8.1 Baudrate and mode selection.

a) V.23 channel selection

For the V.23 mode the transmitter and the receiver channels can be selected in-
dependently to 50 or 1200 Bd.

Function

Switch S1 V.23 mode transmitter

Switch S2 V.23 mode receiver

4 5 6 7 8

off x x x Off 50 Bd V.23 : channel 420 Hz ± 30 Hz

off x x x On 1200 Bd V.23 : channel 1700 Hz ± 400 Hz

Table 8.2 Transmit channel selection for V.23 mode.

* = Factory setting.

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Instruction Manual NSK5 Programming

b) 50 to 600 Bd channel selection

Function
Switch S1 Transmit channel selection:
Switch S2 Receive channel selection:
4 5 6 7 8 (channel center frequencies)

Baudrate: 50Bd 100Bd 200Bd 200Bd 300Bd 600Bd


Channel width: 120Hz 240Hz 360Hz 480Hz 480Hz 960Hz
(Hz) (Hz) (Hz) (Hz) (Hz) (Hz)
off off off off off (720)
off off off off on • 420 • 480 • 540 • 600* • 600* 840
off off off on off • 540 600 660 720 720 960
off off off on on • 660 • 720 780 840 840 1080
off off on off off • 780 840 • 900 960 960 1200
off off on off on • 900 • 960 1020 • 1080 • 1080 ° 1320
off off on on off • 1020 1080 1140 1200 1200 1440
off off on on on • 1140 • 1200 • 1260 1320 1320 1560
off on off off off • 1260 1320 1380 1440 1440 1680
off on off off on • 1380 • 1440 1500 • 1560 • 1560 1800
off on off on off • 1500 1560 • 1620 1680 1680 1920
off on off on on • 1620 • 1680 1740 1800 1800 2040
off on on off off • 1740 1800 1860 1920 1920 2160
off on on off on • 1860 • 1920 • 1980 • 2040 • 2040 2280
off on on on off • 1980 2040 2100 2160 2160 2400
off on on on on • 2100 • 2160 2220 2280 2280 2520
on off off off off • 2220 2280 • 2340 2400 2400 2640
on off off off on • 2340 • 2400 2460 • 2520 • 2520 ° 2760
on off off on off • 2460 2520 2580 2640 2640 2880
on off off on on • 2580 • 2640 • 2700 2760 2760 3000
on off on off off • 2700 2760 2820 2880 2880 3120
on off on off on • 2820 • 2880 2940 • 3000 • 3000 3240
on off on on off • 2940 3000 • 3060 3120 3120 3360
on off on on on • 3060 • 3120 3180 3240 3240 3480
on on off off off • 3180 3240 3300 3360 3360 3600
on on off off on 3300 3360 3420 3480 3480 (3720)
on on off on off 3420 3480 3540 3600 3600
on on off on on 3540 3600 3660 3720 3720
on on on off off 3660 3720 3780 3840 3840
on on on off on 3780 3840 (3900) (3960) (3960)
on on on on off 3900 (3960) (4020)
on on on on on (4020)

Table 8.3 Transmit and receive channel selection for 50 to 600 Bd.
* = Factory setting.
• = ITU-T recommended frequencies.
° = Preferred frequencies.
( ) = Slight increase in isochronous distortion.

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c) 1200 Bd + speech and 2400 Bd channel selection

F
Note: When the 2400 Bd channel is used then the required
equalization filter must be selected.
See tables 8.9 and 8.10.

Switch S1/S2: Function


4 5 6 7 8 transmitter and receiver :
on x x on Off 1200 Bd+Speech: Channel 2860 Hz ETL ± 400 Hz
on x x off on 2400 Bd : Channel 1800 Hz ± 800 Hz
on x x on on 2400 Bd : Channel 2000 Hz ± 800 Hz

Table 8.4 Transmit and Receive channel selection 1200 Bd+Speech and
2400 Bd.

8.1.4 Transmit level

The transmit level is set using jumpers. The levels specified in the table are valid
for a terminated 600 ohm line. (A load of 300 ohms). For equal line termination
impedances, on the G4AF modem, the transmit levels on the main and the
standby lines are equal.

Transmit level
Terminated In ETL with jumper AH α
Line
(dBm) (dBm0) (dBu)
-6 0 -10 CA *
-9 -3 -13 CB
-12 -6 -16 CC
-15 -9 -19 CD
-18 -12 -22 CE
0...-24 6...-18 -4...-28 CF

Table 8.5 Jumper settings for transmit level.

α System reference for ETL = -10 dBr.

*= factory setting.

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8.1.5 Receive sensitivity

The receiver sensitivity is determined by four programming selections: The carrier


(DCD) off levels on switch S2, the receiver input attenuation, the state of the low
level option and the equalization filter selected.

a) DCD levels

This table is only valid when no amplitude equalization filter is selected.

Switch S2 Function
1 2 3 Receiver sensitivity : carrier (DCD) switch off levels (dBu)
Low level receive option off * Low level receive option on
RX attn. 0 dB* RX attn. 6 dB RX attn. 12 dB RX attn. 0 dB RX attn. 6 dB RX attn. 12 dB
off off off -24.0 * -18.0 -12.0 -36.0 -30.0 -24.0
off off on -27.0 -21.0 -15.0 -39.0 -33.0 -27.0
off on off -30.0 -24.0 -18.0 -42.0 -36.0 -30.0
off on on -33.0 -27.0 -21.0 -45.0 -39.0 -33.0
on off off -36.0 -30.0 -24.0 -48.0 -42.0 -36.0
on off on -39.0 -33.0 -27.0 -51.0 -45.0 -39.0
on on off -42.0 -36.0 -30.0 -54.0 -48.0 -42.0
on on on -45.0 -39.0 -33.0 -57.0 -51.0 -45.0

Table 8.6 Receive sensitivity switch settings.

Normal setting: low level receive option off


RX attenuator 0 dB
DCD off range –24 ... –45 dBu.

The DCD off level is the signal level on the receiver input at which the carrier is
detected as off, for an on to off transition.

* = Factory setting.

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b) Receiver input attenuator.

An increase in receive signal attenuation, by means of the input attenuator, in-


creases the DCD levels by an amount equal to the attenuation.

RX Attenuator Main (G4AF) Stdby #


Line (G4AE)
0 dB AC * BC *
6 dB AD BD
12 dB AE BE

Table 8.7 Jumper settings for receiver signal attenuation.

c) Low level receive option

The low receive option can be enabled by an ON or high voltage on the ISP data
pin (see technical data for the required voltage) or by inserting an insulated wire
bridge as indicated in table 8.8. The ON condition on the ISP input can be from
TVP or from another voltage source. Note that if a bridge is inserted then the in-
put signal ISP is ignored.

Low level receive option


Main (G4AF) Standby # Solder bridge
Line (G4AE)
off off no connection to XG*
on off XG-EG #
off on XG-EH #
on on XG-XF

Table 8.8 Solder bridge settings for the low level receive option.

XG
XC
XE
XF
EE EH
EC XD
EF EG
ED SW1a.DSF

Figure 8.3 Possible solder bridge connections for selecting the low level
receive option.

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Instruction Manual NSK5 Programming

8.1.6 Equalization filters

Switch S3: Function


3 4 5 Equalization filter Main :
50 to 600 Bd 1200 Bd 2400 Bd
off off off off * Off ** / ETL500 Rel. 3 $
off off on Amp Eq. filter 1a ** Line
off on on Amp Eq. filter 2a Amp Eq. filter 1b Amp Eq. filter 1b
off on off Amp Eq. filter 3a Amp Eq. filter 2b Amp Eq. filter 2b
on off off Amp Eq. filter 4a Amp Eq. filter 3b Amp Eq. filter 3b
on off on Amp Eq. filter 5a Amp Eq. filter 4b Amp Eq. filter 4b
on on off Amp Eq. filter 6a Amp Eq. filter 5b Amp Eq. filter 5b
on on on Amp Eq. filter 7a ** ETL40/80

Table 8.9 Amplitude equalization filters for main channel and line on
G4AE/F and for G4AK.

Switch S3: Function


6 7 8 Equalization filter Standby : # :
50 to 600 Bd 1200 Bd 2400 Bd
off off off off * off **
off off on Amp Eq. filter 1a ** Line
off on on Amp Eq. filter 2a Amp Eq. filter 1b Amp Eq. filter 1b
off on off Amp Eq. filter 3a Amp Eq. filter 2b Amp Eq. filter 2b
on off off Amp Eq. filter 4a Amp Eq. filter 3b Amp Eq. filter 3b
on off on Amp Eq. filter 5a Amp Eq. filter 4b Amp Eq. filter 4b
on on off Amp Eq. filter 6a Amp Eq. filter 5b Amp Eq. filter 5b
on on on Amp Eq. filter 7a ** **

Table 8.10 Amplitude equalization filters for standby channel.

F
Note: Amp Eq. filter = amplitude equalization filter.

$ = For G4AE/F forbidden combination.

# = Only available on G4AF version.

* = Factory setting.

** = Forbidden combination.

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8.1.7 Half-duplex Operation

Solder bridge setting for switching Half-duplex on:

Half-duplex ON XE-XF

8.1.8 Regenerator

Switch S3: Function


1 2 Regeneration :
off off No regeneration *
on off Regeneration SPACE-MARK Synchronization
on on Regeneration MARK-SPACE Synchronization

Table 8.11 Switching on the Regenerator.

The SEL input signal determines the baudrate as shown in table 8.12. The input
is high for no external connection.

Channel 50 100 200 200 300 600 1200 2400 2400 1200+ Bd
speech
line ETL ETL
SEL high * 50 100 200 200 300 600 1200 2400 2400 1200 Bd
SEL low 75 150 200 200 300 600 1200 2400 2400 1200 Bd

Table 8.12 Regenerator baudrate.

8.1.9 Continuous transmitting supervision

Switch S3: Function


9 Continuous Transmit :
off Continuous Transmitting allowed *
on Transmitter switched off after specified time $

Table 8.13 Switch setting for continuous transmit supervision.

$ = See specifications in chapter 4.

* = Factory setting.

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8.1.10 Auto switch-over (only G4AF modems)

Switch S3: Function


10 Auto Switch-Over #:
off Stby/Main controlled by V.24 input pin *
on Stby/Main selected when no DCD after specified time $

Table 8.14 Selecting auto switch-over function.

8.1.11 Line termination impedance

Termination Transmitter Receiver


Main (G4AF) Stdby # Main (G4AF) Stdby #
Line (G4AE/K) Line (G4AE/K)
600 Ohm AF * BF * AA * BA *
high impedance AG BG AB BB
ETL AH AB

Table 8.15 Jumper settings for transmitter and receiver termination im-
pedance.

8.1.12 DTR

Solder bridge setting for switching DTR continuously on:

DTR continuously ON EC

8.1.13 RTS

Solder bridge setting for switching RTS continuously on:

RTS continuously ON ED

$ = See specifications in chapter 4.

# = Only available on G4AF version.

* = Factory setting.

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8.1.14 X6 Pin 15 / X2:a8 Output function

The required function of this output is set by soldering in a bridge.

X6 Pin 15 / X2:a8 Output (OUT) Bridge


Signal Quality EE-XD
TX Clock EF-XD *
Select Standby EG-XD #
Select Standby inverted EH-XD #

Table 8.16 Pin 15 Output select.

8.1.15 TX clock

Inserting the soldering bridge switches on the transmit clock.

TX Clock ON EI *

8.1.16 Signal ground (pin7) to protective earth connection

A solder bridge is provided to connect the signal ground (pin 7 on V.24 interface)
to protective earth with 2 resistors R250 und R251 in parallel (¼ W) or with a wire
bridge on EA.

EA R250 R251
open * - -
110 ohm 220 ohm 220 ohm
short circuit wire bridge -

Table 8.17 Signal ground to protective earth connection.

* = Factory setting.

# = Only available on G4AF version.

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8.1.17 Frame ground / cable shield (pin 1) to protective earth connection

A solder bridge is provided to connect the frame ground / cable shield (pin 1 on
V.24 interface) to protective earth (chassis or mains ground) with 2 resistors, R68
und R69, in parallel (¼ W) or with a wire bridge on EB.

EB R68 R69
open - -
110 ohm * 220 ohm 220 ohm
short circuit wire bridge -

Table 8.18 Frame ground / cable shield to protective earth connection.

8.1.18 CTS on delay

The CTS on delay is the delay between RTS on and CTS on. The user selectable
delay, t, can be adjusted by changing R 209.

CTS on delay = channel dependent delay + user selectable delay

R209(kOhm) = 0.7 * t (ms) +/– 50 %

t (ms) = 1.4 * R209(kOhm) +/– 50 %

Factory setting: R=0.33 kOhm --> t=0.5 ms.

See table 4.1 for the channel dependent delay.

8.1.19 DCD Alarm contact output

The DCD contact output can be set for a normally open or normally closed con-
tact. When jumper DA is set then the contact is closed for an alarm condition or
for a power failure.

Carrier alarm contact (for DCD OFF)


closed DA *
open DB

Table 8.19 Alarm contact output.

* = factory setting.

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8.1.20 Alarm power supply

The alarm can be supplied from the modem power supply or from a separate
power supply.

Alarm supply
USA ZA *
USB ZB
Table 8.20 Jumper setting for alarm power supply.

8.1.21 Carrier alarm indication

When solder bridge DC is in then a failure of the carrier will result in the common
alarm LED switching on and the common alarm output.

Carrier indicated on Common Alarm DC

8.1.22 Carrier alarm contacts

The carrier alarm contacts can be disabled by inserting solder bridge DD. This
does not effect the functioning of the carrier alarm LED indication. (see previous
solder bridge).

Carrier Alarm Contacts disabled DD

The carrier on and hold delay can be adjusted by changing R 198 and R199.

a) Carrier alarm delay time

R199(kOhm) = 35 * t (seconds) +/–50%

Factory setting delay time : R199=150 kOhm --> t=5 seconds.

b) Carrier alarm hold time

R198(kOhm) = 50 * t (seconds) +/–50%

Factory setting hold time : R198=6.81 kOhm --> t=0.2 seconds.

* = Factory setting.

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8.2 Tier

Alarm
Jumper Mode
Combined Alarm includes
A common alarm and supply
alarm with relays K1 and K2
Supply alarm with
B * relay K1 and common
alarm with relay K2

Table 8.21 Tier alarm output.

Supervised supplies
Jumper Supervision
C * Supply 1 ON
D Supply 1 OFF
E Supply 2 ON
F * Supply 2 OFF

Table 8.22 Tier alarm supervision.

Connection of separate alarm power supply


Pin Signal Resistor removed
GA USB R24
GB C-Alarm R25
GC 0V-Alarm R26

Table 8.23 Separate alarm power supply.

* = Factory setting.

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Instruction Manual NSK5 Installation and Commissioning

9. INSTALLATION AND COMMISSIONING

9.1 Safety instruction


Personnel qualification
Authorised and properly trained personnel only is
DANGER admitted to carry out installation and commis-
sioning.

Mechanical Installation
The equipment must be mounted in a cabinet.
DANGER

Cabinets, which are not secured to the floor, tip


DANGER forwards when the hinged frame is opened. Do
not open the hinged frame without precautions.

Electrical Installation
This is a Class Ι equipment. The equipment and
DANGER the cabinet must be earthed.
The equipment must be supplied over a circuit
breaker.

The circuit breaker of the equipment must be


DANGER switched OFF.
The circuit breaker for optional equipment in the
cabinet must be switched OFF.

Faston connectors on the rack must be covered


DANGER with an isolation sleeve.
Unused faston connectors have to be covered.

Work on the system


Do not work on the system or connect or discon-
DANGER nect cables during periods of lightning activities.

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ESD protection

Caution The modules in this equipment contain devices,


ESD which can be damaged by electrostatic dis-
charges. Appropriate measures must be taken
before unpacking modules or withdrawing them
from equipment racks. Essential precautions to
prevent ESD damage when handling or working
on modules are grounding straps for technical
personnel and the provision of anti-static work
benches. Modules may only be shipped either in
their original packing or installed in equipment
racks.

Inserting and removing of plug-in modules

Caution Neither removing nor inserting of modules is


permitted during power-up of the equipment.
Preceding to plugging in and out of modules the
circuit breaker of the equipment has to be
switched OFF.

Unused slots in the equipment subracks must be


DANGER covered with front plates.

9.2 Mechanical inspection


On delivery the equipment should be checked for completeness and damage.
Claims for losses and damage due to transporting should be filed with the carrier.
Please contact your ABB representative if you have any enquires.

9.3 Assembly
a) Program the modem by setting the DIL switches and the jumpers and in-
serting the required solder bridges.
b) For each modem write the cabinet, tier and position on the label on X2.
c) Program the tier by setting the jumpers.
d) Prepare the external wiring.
e) Plug in the power supply modules to the tier observing their positions. Se-
cure using the screws on the top and the bottom.
f) Connect the power to the tier and check the modem supply on the back of
the tier.

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g) Plug and secure the modems into the tier by using the screws on the top
and bottom.
(The NSK5 modem can be plugged into a tier that is switched on).
h) Check the programming using the programming schedule in annex F.
i) Continue with the test and commissioning instructions in annex F.

9.4 Identification of parts


A sticker identifies the part number and type.

 ID No. Manufacturing No. - Part No. Type

9.5 Installation of power supply and alarm cables

1
X20 X22:01
X21
X22:02
X23 Supply 1
5 X24

2
X25
X26
3 Supply 2
X28 X27:01
X29
X27:02

X1:1

X20 X22:01

X21 X22:02
X23 Supply 1
X24
5
X1:18

X25
X26 Supply 2
X28 X27:01
X29
X27:02

CABLECON.DSF

Figure 9.1 Installation of supply and alarm cables.

F
Note: The figure does not show the exact installation position.
Normally the cables are all attached to the ground con-
ductor.

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9.5.1 AC supply
(1) Connection cable for alarm light on top of cabinet 2.4 m HENF465595R0001
(2) Circuit breaker and cable * B9AS
(3) Supply cable between tiers 0.6 m V9NF
alternate 0.42 m V9LR
(4) Ground connection 0.12 m V9LM
(5) Alarm cable 1.7 m V9NC

9.5.2 DC-Supply (”9'&


(1) Connection cable for alarm light on top of cabinet 2.4 m HENF465595R0001
(2) Circuit breaker and cable * B9AS
(3) Supply cable between tiers 0.6 m V9NF
alternate 0.42 m V9LR
(4) Ground connection 0.12 m V9LM
(5) Alarm cable 1.7 m V9NC

9.5.3 DC-Supply (”9'&


(1) Connection cable for alarm light on top of cabinet 2.4 m HENF465595R0001
(2) Circuit breaker and cable * B9AV
(3) Supply cable between tiers 0.6 m V9NF
alternate 0.42 m V9LR
(4) Ground connection 0.12 m V9LM
(5) Alarm cable 1.7 m V9NC

* cable length make to order.

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9.6 Connections to modem


The data connections are made using cable V9NA from X6 on the modem to
connection block V9ND in the cabinet. The telecommunication lines and contact
outputs from X7, X8 and X9 are made with cable type V9NB. The connector for
X9 is secured to the cable and when it is required for the G4AF modem the cable
tie can be cut to free it. If the modem is plugged in one of the PLC equipments
the normal connections for data is made on connector X2 with given cables and
X6 is used as testsocket.

13
25
12
24
11
23
10 c a
22
9
21 2
8
20 4
7
19
6 6
18
5 8
17
4
16 S1 S2 S3 10
3 XG
XC
X1
15
2 X6 XE
ZA ZB
12
14 XF EE EH
1 EB EA EC 14
XD
CACBCCCDCECF
ED EF EG 16
+CONT
4 3 2 1

XB XA
X7 18
-CONT DADB
S4
C.AL. 20
DC
C.AL. XT1
# XT2 DD 22
EI
XT3
# XT4
BD AD X2
24
1a 2a
12 11 10 9
8 7 6 5

R198 R199 R209 BC BE ACAE


1b 2b # 26
AH # #
3a 4a 28
AFAG BFBG AAAB BABB
3b 4b 30
# = only on G4AF CONNECT2.DSF
X8 # X9 32

Figure 9.2 Pin numbers of connectors on NSK5.

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9.6.1 Modem connections to X1

X1 Signal X1
a2
a2
c2
c2
a4 a4

c4 c4
a6 a6
c6 c6
a8 a8
c8
c8
a10
c10 a10

a12 5A c10
c12 T1 5A a12
a14 1B c12
TX
c14
1B a14
a16 3B
c16 c14
T3
a18 3B a16
c18 USB RX
c16
a20 3A a18
c20 C-ALARM Alarm supply
c18
USB
a22 USA ZB
a20
c22 USA ZA
3A

a24 0V C-ALARM c20

c24 0V USA a22


a26 0V-AL Modem supply c22
c26 0V-AL a24
0V
a28
c24
c28
a26
a30 Alarm output 0V-AL
c30 c26
a32 PE a28
c32 PE c28

a30

c30

PE a32

c32

PE X1.DSF

Figure 9.3 Connections onto X1.

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9.6.2 Modem connections to X2

X2 Signal X2
XA a2
a2 XA XA
XB c2
c2 XB XB
a4 ISP ISP a4

c4 SPC SPC c4
a6 TI TI a6
c6 SS # SS # c6
a8 OUT a8
OUT
c8 TVN
c8
a10 DTR -
TVN

c10 TVP DTR a10

a12 LL TVP c10


+
c12 DCD LL a12
a14 RCK c12
DCD
c14 SG
RCK a14
a16 SEL
c16 DSR SG c14
EA
a18 CTS SEL a16
PE
c18 RTS DSR c16
a20 RXD CTS a18
c20 TXD c18
RTS
a22 FG
a20
c22 FG RXD

a24 1A TXD c20

c24 1B FG a22
EB
a26 2A # PE c22
c26 2B # T1 a24
1A
a28 3A TX Main
c24
c28 3B 1B
T2 a26
a30 4A # 2A #
TX Standby #
c30 4B # 2B # c26
a32 PE T3 3A a28
c32 PE RX Main
c28
3B
T4 4A # a30
RX Standby #
4B # c30

PE a32

c32

PE X2.DSF

Figure 9.4 Connections onto X2.

# = Only available on G4AF modem.

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9.6.3 Modem connections to X6

X6 Signal X6
1 FG FG 1
EB
2 TXD PE TXD 2
3 RXD RXD 3
4 RTS RTS 4
5 CTS 5
CTS
6 DSR
6
7 SG DSR

8 DCD EA
SG 7

9 TVP DCD 8
PE
10 TVN TVP 9
+
11 SS # 10
TVN
12 SPC -
SS # 11
13
14 ISP SPC 12

15 OUT 13
16 ISP 14
17 RCK OUT 15
18 LL 16
19
17
20 DTR RCK

21 LL 18

22 19
23 SEL DTR 20
24 21
25 TI
22

SEL 23

24

TI 25

X6.DSF

Figure 9.5 Connections onto X6.

# = Only available on G4AF modem.

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9.6.4 Modem connections to X7, X8 and X9

X7 Signal X7
1 +CONT
+CONT 1
2 –CONT
3 C-AL-1 2
-CONT
4 C-AL-2
K3
DA C-AL-1 3
K3 DB
C-AL-2 4
X7.DSF

Figure 9.6 Connections onto X7.

X8 Signal
5 1a T1
1A 5
X8 1a
6 1b TX Main
1B 6
7 3a 1b
8 3b T3
3A 7
3a
RX Main
3B 8
3b

X9 Signal T2
2A #
X9
9
2a
9 2a # TX Standby #
2B # 10
10 2b # 2b
11 4a # T4 4A # 11
12 4b # RX Standby # 4a
4B # 12
4b
X8_9.DSF

Figure 9.7 Connections onto X8 and


X9.

# = Only available on G4AF modem.

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9.7 Connections to tier


Connections to internal power supply.

Connector Signal
Power Supply 1
X20, X21 AC = Neutral (N) Supply 1
+
X20 ACN/DCV+
DC = + X21 or

X23
X23, X24 AC = Phase (L) -
X24 ACP/DCV-
DC = –

X22 : 01,02 Protective earth X22:01

X22:02
Power Supply 2
X25, X26 AC = Neutral (N)
DC = + Supply 2
+
X25 ACN/DCV+
X26 or
X28, X29 AC = Phase (L)
X28
DC = – -
X29 ACP/DCV-

X27 : 01,02 Protective earth Protective


X27:01 Earth

X27:02
PE
Connections to external power sup-
ply on G1CX.

Connector Signal
+
X2
Power Supply 1
X3
X2, X3 +
X4
X4, X5 – X5

X10 Protective earth +


X6
Power Supply 2 X7

X6, X7 +
-
X8

X8, X9 – X9

X10
X10 Protective earth Tiercon.DSF
PE

Figure 9.8 Power supply


connections.

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A A

K K

B B

I I

C C

H H

D D

G G

E E

F F

CODE1.DSF

For G3HN DC supply For G3HO AC/DC supply

Figure 9.9 The coding on the tier for the power supply units.

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External alarm supply

Solder Signal On G1CX


contact GA
GA USB
GB C-Alarm GB
GC 0V-Alarm
GC

Alarm contacts (De-energized =


Alarm state)
X1:
Common or supply alarm K1. 1
2

Connector Signal 3
K1
X1:3, X1:4 Middle contact 4
X1:5, X1:6 Closed contact
X1:1, X1:2 Open contact 5
6

K1
Connector Signal 8

X1:8 Middle contact


X1:9 Closed contact 9

X1:7 Open contact 10


11
Common alarm K2.
K2 12

13
Connector Signal
X1:12, X1:13 Middle contact 14

X1:14, X1:15 Closed contact 15

X1:10, X1:11 Open contact 16

K2 17
Connector Signal
X1:17 Middle contact 18

X1:18 Closed contact


X1:16 Open contact
Tierconb.DSF

Figure 9.10 Alarm relay


connections.

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9.8 Connections to power supply modules

Power supply G3HN. H11


G3HN
H11 Contact Signal Inhibit 2
2 Inhibit (Operation = 0V) 5
5 8
8 11
11 14
14 +
17
17
+24V 20
20 +24V Output
- 0V 23
23 0V Output
26 Protective earth (case) PE 26
29 DCV+ Input DCV+ 29
32 DCV– Input DCV- 32

PE

H11
Power supply G3HO. G3HO
Inhibit 2
H11 Contact Signal 5
2 Inhibit (Operation = 0V) 8
5 11
8 14
+
11 17
or
14 +24V 20
17 - 0V 23
20 +24V Output
PE 26
23 0V Output
26 Protective earth (case) ACN / DCV+ 29
29 ACN / DCV+ Input ACP / DCV- 32
32 ACP / DCV– Input supcon1.DSF
PE
Figure 9.11 Connections to
power supply mo-
dules.

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9.9 Phoenix plug-in card block

Type : SKBI 128-C32/C32


a c

2 2
Order number : 22 70 03 2 4 4
1 6 6
8 8
10 10
2
A plug-in card block is available from 12 12
14 14
Phoenix that is suitable for use with a 16 16
3
single modem. It can be mounted on 18 18
20 20
any surface with five screws. The mo- 22 22
dem is held securely in the block and 24 24
26 26
can be released from the front. All the 4
28 28
connections to X1 and X2 are available 30 30
32 32
on terminals blocks.

The plug-in block is 66 mm wide and


252.4 mm long. The height with a mo-
dem inserted is 275 mm. Note that the
actual width required is about 100 mm
to allow space for the print release le-
vers and the wiring. 2 2
4 4
6 6
8 8
10 10
Key to drawing: 12 12
14 14
16 16

(1) Guide slot for the modem. 18


20
18
20
22 22

(2) Terminal block for external con- 24 24


26 26
nections. 28 28
30 30
32 32
(3) Mounting holes. a c

(4) Modem connector. PHOENIX.DSF

Figure 9.12 Top view of Phoenix


plug-in card block.

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1KHL015989-EN
Instruction Manual NSK5 Operation and Maintenance

10. OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

10.1 Safety instructions


Personnel qualification
Authorised and properly trained personnel only is
DANGER admitted to carry out maintenance of the equip-
ment.

Mechanical Installation
Cabinets, which are not secured to the floor, tip
DANGER forwards when the hinged frame is opened. Do
not open the hinged frame without precautions.

Work on the system


Do not work on the system or connect or discon-
DANGER nect cables during periods of lightning activities.

Alteration
Alteration of the equipment is not allowed.
DANGER

ESD protection

Caution The modules in this equipment contain devices,


ESD which can be damaged by electrostatic dis-
charges. Appropriate measures must be taken
before unpacking modules or withdrawing them
from equipment racks. Essential precautions to
prevent ESD damage when handling or working
on modules are grounding straps for technical
personnel and the provision of anti-static work
benches. Modules may only be shipped either in
their original packing or installed in equipment
racks.

Inserting and removing of plug-in modules

Caution Neither removing nor inserting of modules is


permitted during power-up of the equipment.
Preceding to plugging in and out of modules the
circuit breaker of the equipment has to be
switched OFF.

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1KHL015989-EN
Instruction Manual NSK5 Operation and Maintenance

Unused slots in the equipment subracks must be


DANGER covered with front plates.

10.2 Modem
The NSK5 does not require any routine maintenance or adjustments because of
the use of digital signal processing and of high precision analogue components. If
a problem is suspected or the alarm LED is on, disconnect the power to the faulty
board, for a few seconds, by unplugging the modem or by switching the supply to
the tier off. This resets the modem. (If solder bridge DC is in then the carrier
alarm is connected to the common alarm. It is then possible to have an alarm
condition when the carrier from the remote modem is not received.)

10.2.1 Line measurements

Test points have been provided on the front of the modem to measure and inject
signals. (See figure 6.1 and 6.2 for the function and connection of the test points).

The test points are connected directly to the line so the exact signal levels on the
line can be measured. A high impedance balanced measuring instrument should
be used so as not to alter the line termination impedance or the signal levels.
Only when the modem is inserted into an ETL are the main transmit and receive
lines not balanced and the ground is the right-hand test connector. If other chan-
nels are transmitting on the line at the same time then a narrow band measuring
instrument must be used as specified in the test procedure.

Signals can be injected directly onto the line through any of the test points. Re-
member that unless a high impedance current source is used that the termination
of the line may be incorrect.

No measuring U links must be inserted into XT1 to XT4 because the test points
are connected in parallel to the telecommunication lines. Inserting U links would
result in a short across the lines.

10.2.2 Local loopback test

This local loopback test can be initiated from the ITU-T V.24 interface by the DTE
or a modem data tester. All the active circuits in the modem’s transmit and re-
ceive path are checked and this will help determine if the fault lies with the com-
munication channel or the modem.

For a detailed description of the timing please consult chapter 6.

10.2.3 Modem self tests

The modem self tests can be initiated to check the function of the modem and the
communication channel. Please consult modem self test in chapter 6 for more
details.

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1KHL015589-EN
Instruction Manual NSK5 Operation and Maintenance

10.3 Tier
The tier requires no maintenance. Two LEDs on the backplane of the tier indicate
the status of the power supply modules 1 and 2. An NSK5 modem or a power
supply module (with a redundant supply) can be removed from the tier without
turning off the primary supply and interrupting the working channels.

10.4 Power supply modules


No maintenance is required on the converter.

Three LEDs on the front panel show the operating status of the module.

LED
Status Condition
OK i IOL
off off off UIN < 0.2 ... 0.6 UIN min

FAULT off on off UIN < 0.2 ... 0.9 UIN min or
CONDITION UIN max < UIN < UIN abs or
Case temperature > 95°C

off off on IOUT > IOUT nom


on off off Input voltage within range
NORMAL and
OPERATION UOUT = UOUT nom ; IOUT < IOUT nom

Table 10.1 LED signaling.

10.5 Used fuses


10.5.1 Fuses on tier G7BF

There are two fuses for each supply on the right side of the tier G7BF on the
backplane G1CX. Also two spare fuses are located on the left side of the back-
plane G1CX.

10.5.2 Fuse on modems G4AE, G4AF, G4AK

At the input of the positive supply rail, there is a soldered wire fuse (F950), which
protects the first elements in front of the voltage converter in case of a short cir-
cuit.

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1KHL015989-EN
Instruction Manual NSK5 Storage, Decommissioning and Disposal

11. STORAGE, DECOMMISSIONING AND DISPOSAL

11.1 Safety instructions


Personnel qualification
Authorised and properly trained personnel only is
DANGER admitted to carry out storage, decommissioning
and disposal.

Mechanical Installation
Cabinets, which are not secured to the floor, tip
DANGER forwards when the hinged frame is opened. Do
not open the hinged frame without precautions.

Electrical Installation
The circuit breaker of the equipment must be
DANGER switched OFF.
The circuit breaker for optional equipment in the
cabinet must be switched OFF.

ESD protection

Caution The modules in this equipment contain devices,


ESD which can be damaged by electrostatic dis-
charges. Appropriate measures must be taken
before unpacking modules or withdrawing them
from equipment racks. Essential precautions to
prevent ESD damage when handling or working
on modules are grounding straps for technical
personnel and the provision of anti-static work
benches. Modules may only be shipped either in
their original packing or installed in equipment
racks.

11.2 Storage
The specified conditions for storage are -20 - 70°C with <70% humidity.

Storage of the cubicle should be done in the original wooden casing and unbro-
ken sealed plastic cover. In case storage is to be done for longer periods of time,
additional protection against rusting may be required especially in humid climate.

Storage of modules should be preferably in the original packing or in antistatic


bags with additional mechanical protection.

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1KHL015989-EN
Instruction Manual NSK5 Storage, Decommissioning and Disposal

11.3 Decommissioning
The decommissioning of the equipment should be done in the following steps.
• First of all the application in which the equipment is used, must be disabled.
• Switch OFF the equipment. Isolate and disconnect the external power supply
given to the equipment.
• Disconnect the external wiring of the equipment. This should be done carefully
using the plant drawings so that some other wiring does not get disconnected
by mistake.
• In case the complete cubicle is to be dismounted, the bolts for fastening the
cubicle to the base frame or floor must be carefully removed giving support to
the cubicle at the same time. The cubicle can now be lifted and dismounted. It
is preferable to keep the cubicle in horizontal position if no external support
can be given to the cubicle in vertical position.
• In case the NSK5 tier is to be removed from the cubicle, first disconnect the
internal wiring and power connection. Now dismount the tier by unscrewing
the screws from the front.
• If the NSK5 tier or its modules are to be reused, they should be handled and
packed properly following precautions for ESD protection.

11.4 Disposal
For disposal the regional and national regulations for electrical and electronic
waste have to be observed.

The modularity of the equipment allows the separating of component boards and
casing, thus giving the opportunity for recycling methods.

ABB Power Automation Ltd. Release 1.0, 13.07.99 11-2


1KHL015989-EN
Instruction Manual NSK5 Annex

Annex to 1KHL015989-EN

TABLE OF CONTENTS

A. EQUIPMENT AVAILABLE .............................................................................A-1

B. ABBREVIATIONS USED................................................................................B-1

C. GRAPHIC SYMBOLS .....................................................................................C-1

D. CABLES AND ACCESSORIES......................................................................D-1

E. CONFORMITY ................................................................................................E-1

F. PROGRAMMING, TESTING AND COMMISSIONING SCHEDULE .............. F-1

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1KHL015989-EN
Instruction Manual NSK5 Annex A: Equipment available

A. EQUIPMENT AVAILABLE

Type Designation Identity number


G4AE FSK modem HENF209637R0005
G4AF FSK modem with alternate HENF209638R0005
route selector
G4AK FSK modem 1KHL016009R0001
Soldered in fuse “2AF” for modems: HETT402337P0020
G4AE, G4AF, G4AK
G3HN Supply module 28-140 VDC HENF331103R0001
G3HO Supply module 85-264 VAC HENF331105R0001
G7BF Tier HENF105330R0002
Cable channel compl. HENF209567R0001
Cover plate with cable pass HENF209663R0002
Cover plate 3U 8R 1KHL015637R0008
Cover plate 3U 3R 1KHL015637R0003
Cover plate 6U 2R 1KHL015135R0002
Cover plate 6U 6R 1KHL015135R0006
Cover plate 6U 8R 1KHL015135R0008
Screw for cover plate HESG455071P0001
Fuse for supply 1, 2 on G7BF “2.5AT” XN 400018P0020
V9NA Data cable 25 Pol SUB D HENF331140R0001
V9NB Line cable 12 Pol HENF331146R0001
V9NC Alarm cable 6 Pol HENF331147R0001
V9ND Connection block 25 Pol HENF468259P0001
B9AS Circuit breaker <=60VDC/250VAC 1KHL015141R0001
cable length make to order
B9AV Circuit breaker >60VDC..250VDC 1KHL015999R0001
cable length make to order
V9NF Power supply cable 0.6M HENF468331R0001
V9LR Power supply cable 0.42M HENF468226R0001
V9LM Ground connection 0.12M HENF465963R0001
Connection cable for alarm 2.4M HENF465595R0001
V9LA External cable HENF327844R0001

continued on next page

ABB Power Automation Ltd. Release 1.0, 13.07.99 A-1


1KHL015989-EN
Instruction Manual NSK5 Annex A: Equipment available

Type Designation Identity number


V9MU External cable 2.5M 1KHL015144R0001
V9OB External cable 2.5M 1KHL016083R0001
V9OB External cable 20M 1KHL016083R0002
V9MS Interface adapter 1KHL015070R0001

Type Designation Identity number


B9AQ Standard accessory kit NSK5 HENF468416R0004
Connector 32 Pol (C connector for X2) HESG455510P0216
Cover (for connector 32Pol) HENF465175P0001
Isolation sleeve for faston connector NBT 402942P0008
Cover for unused faston HESG455631P0001

Equipment available from external companies

Phoenix power Optocoupler EMG 17-OV-12DC/220 DC/1


Phoenix plug-in card block SKBI 128-C32/C32

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1KHL015989-EN
Instruction Manual NSK5 Annex B: Abbreviations used

B. ABBREVIATIONS USED

Abbreviation Definition
A/D analogue to digital converter
AC alternating current
Bd baud
CTN modem internal CTS signal
CTS clear to send
D/A digital to analogue converter
dB decibels
dBm decibels reference to milli watt
dBu decibels reference to 0.775 mV
DC direct current
DCD data carrier detect
DCE data circuit terminating equipment (modem)
DSP digital signal processor
DSR DCE ready
DTE data terminal equipment (computer)
DTR DTE ready
EMC electromagnetic compatibility
ETL type of ABB PLC equipment
fc center frequency
fs frequency shift
FSK frequency shift keying
GHz 10+9 hertz
Hz hertz
I/O input / output
INV inverted
ISP special input
kHz 10+3 hertz
kVAC 10+3 volt AC
kVDC 10+3 volt DC
LED light emitting diode
LL local loopback
LSB least significant bit
mA 10-3 amp
MHz 10+6 hertz

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1KHL015989-EN
Instruction Manual NSK5 Annex B: Abbreviations used

Abbreviation Definition
ms 10-3 seconds
MSB most significant bit
MTBF mean time between failure
mV 10-3 volt
PCB printed circuit board
PE protective earth
PLC power line carrier
PLL phase locked loop
RCK receiver clock
RMS root mean square
RTS request to send
RX receiver
RXD receive data
SEL select input
SG signal ground
SNR signal to noise ratio
SPC simpact carrier signal
SQ signal quality
SS select standby
TCK transmitter clock
TI test indicate
TRX switch toggle direction - test receiver
TTX switch toggle direction - test transmitter
TVN test voltage negative
TVP test voltage positive
TX transmitter
TXD transmit data
µA 10-6 amp
µs 10-6 seconds
USA main modem and alarm supply
USB optional separate alarm supply
V volt
Vpp voltage peak to peak
XA solder pin
XB solder pin

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1KHL015989-EN
Instruction Manual NSK5 Annex C: Graphic Symbols

C. GRAPHIC SYMBOLS
G f
f Frequency generator with Demodulator Fuse
control and enable input

t t
1 2 Delay circuit with t1 delay
Level detector / rectifier 511 Test code generator
time and t2 hold time 1:1

Low pass filter Programmable delay time 511 Test code receiver
1:1

Programmable amplifier Opto coupler Regenerator

f1
Mixer Relay coil Signal quality detector
f2

Oscillator Relay contacts Relay contacts

Band pass filter 2 Way jumper Quartz oscillator

1
Variable gain amplifier Jumper Or gate

Analogue to digital converter Digital to analogue converter DC-AC converter

f
Equalizer (groupdelay and amplitude) Frequency / voltage converter dB Variable attenuator
v

Transformer Amplifier Power switch

Galvanically isolated Switch VDR


AC-DC converter

Galvanically isolated 2 way switch Pretective earth (PE)


DC-DC converter

Symbols.DSF

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Instruction Manual NSK5 Annex C: Graphic Symbols

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1KHL015989-EN
Instruction Manual NSK5 Annex D: Cables and Accessories

D. CABLES AND ACCESSORIES


2.4 m

m ale

V9NA.DSF

female

Figure D.1 25 pole data cable V9NA.

1 +C
2.2 m 7 3a
2 -C
8 3b
3 C.A
9 2a
4 C.A
10 2b
5 1a
11 4a
6 1b
12 4b

X7

X9

V9NB.DSF
X8

Figure D.2 12 pole line cable V9NB.

1 1
1
2 2
WH 1.7 m 3 3
2
4 4
BN
5 5
3 GN
6 6
YE
4
GY

5 PK

V9NC.DSF
6

Figure D.3 6 pole alarm cable V9NC.

ABB Power Automation Ltd. Release 1.0, 13.07.99 D-1


1KHL015989-EN
Instruction Manual NSK5 Annex D: Cables and Accessories

V9ND
1
14

1
14

25
13

25
male 13

Figure D.4 25 pole connection block V9ND.

1
2
4

3
5
6

7
8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28

9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27

V9MS.DSF

Figure D.5 Interface adapter V9MS.

ABB Power Automation Ltd. Release 1.0, 13.07.99 D-2


1KHL015989-EN
Instruction Manual NSK5 Annex D: Cables and Accessories

0.6 m

V9NF

Figure D.6 Power supply cable between tiers V9NF.

0.42 m

V9LR

Figure D.7 Power supply cable between tiers V9LR.

0.12 m

V9LM

Figure D.8 Ground connection V9LM.

ABB Power Automation Ltd. Release 1.0, 13.07.99 D-3


1KHL015989-EN
Instruction Manual NSK5 Annex D: Cables and Accessories

2.4 m

HENF 465595 R1

Figure D.9 Alarm cable for alarm light on top of cabinet


HENF465595R0001.

2m

Figure D.10 Extern cable V9LA

2.5 m
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
91
0

V9MU-1.DSF
Figure D.11 Extern cable V9MU

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Instruction Manual NSK5 Annex D: Cables and Accessories

R0001 = 2.5m R0002 = 20m

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
0
V9MU-2.DSF

Figure D.12 Extern cable V9OB.

NSK5

Figure D.13 Cover plate with cable pass HENF209663R0001.

ABB Power Automation Ltd. Release 1.0, 13.07.99 D-5


1KHL015989-EN
Instruction Manual NSK5 Annex D: Cables and Accessories

Length make to order

B9AS.DSF

F...

Figure D.14 Circuit breaker and cable B9AS and B9AV.

Figure D.15 Cable channel HENF209567R0001.

ABB Power Automation Ltd. Release 1.0, 13.07.99 D-6


1KHL015989-EN
Instruction Manual NSK 5 Annex E: Conformity

E. CONFORMITY

Table of contents

Declaration of Conformity 1KHM007014 / A

Zulassungsverfügung BAKOM 93.0606.D.N

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Instruction Manual NSK 5 Annex E: Conformity

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E-2
ABB Power Automation Ltd. Release 1.0, 13.07.99
1KHL015989-EN
Instruction Manual NSK 5 Annex F: Programming, Test and Commissioning Schedule

F. PROGRAMMING, TESTING AND COMMISSIONING SCHEDULE

Table of contents

Programming schedule NSK5 equipment (G4AE/G4AF) HENF600540

Testing instruction NSK5 equipment (G4AE/G4AF) HENF600536

Commissioning instruction NSK5 equipment (G4AE/G4AF) HENF600539

Programming schedule NSK5 Modem G4AK <ETL500 REL. 3> 1KHL016075

For Testing G4AK see:


Powerline Carrier Equipment: Series ETL500
Programming and Testing Instructions: <ETL500 Rel. 3>
Document number 1KHL015940
to be found in the Instruction Manual ETL PLC Equipment 1KHL015946

For Commissioning G4AK see:


Powerline Carrier Equipment: Series ETL500
Commissioning Instructions: <ETL500 Rel. 3>
Document number 1KHL015944
to be found in the Instruction Manual ETL PLC Equipment 1KHL015946

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1KHL015989-EN
Instruction Manual NSK 5 Annex F: Programming, Test and Commissioning Schedule

This page has been left blank.

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1KHL015989-EN
 ABB Network Partner Ltd HENF600540
Responsible Department: Take over Department: Revision: Doc. Type: File No.:
NKT1 B 1KHL016096 421/1
Prepared: Checked: Approved: Language: Page:
98-11-02 sig. TR 98-11-03 sig. RP EN 1/6
Valid for: Derived from: Replaces: Classify No.:
HENF600540BE.doc

PROGRAMMING SCHEDULE NSK5 EQUIPMENT (G4AE/G4AF)


Designations and abbreviations used

Designation Meaning
# programming only for G4AF modem
[.....] programmed value
BW bandwidth
CTS clear to send - modem output signal
d default settings
DCD data carrier detect - modem output signal
DTR DTE ready - modem input signal
ETL power line carrier equipment
fc center frequency
fs frequency shift (deviation from center frequency)
N? position in tier
RTS request to send - modem input signal
RX receiver
TX transmitter
USA main modem and alarm supply
USB optional separate alarm supply

Note that the designation "main line" on the G4AF modem is equivalent to "line" on the G4AE modem.

The NSK5 tier programming is on page 2 and the modem programming on pages 3 to 6. The space available in this document is sufficient for
one tier and one modem. For more than one modem please make additional copies of pages 3 to 6.

We reserve all rights in this document and in the information contained therein. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties without express
authority is strictly forbidden. © ABB Network Partner Ltd

Revision: Language: Page:
B 1KHL016096 EN 2/6 HENF600540

1 Tier type G7BF

1.1 Position

1.1.1 Station [.................................................]

1.1.2 Direction [.................................................]

1.1.3 Cabinet serial number [.................................................]

1.1.4 Position in cabinet [.................................................]

1.2 Equipment inserted into tier

1.2.1 Power supply module(s) G3HN G3HO


supply 1 N2 top [ ] [ ]
supply 2 N2 bottom [ ] [ ]

1.2.2 NSK5 modem(s) in NSK tier G4AE G4AF


N13 [ ] [ ]
N21 [ ] [ ]
N29 [ ] [ ]
N37 [ ] [ ]
N45 [ ] [ ]
N53 [ ] [ ]
N61 [ ] [ ]
N69 [ ] [ ]
N77 [ ] [ ]

2 Tier programming

2.1 Alarm relay outputs

2.1.1 Combined alarm with relays K1 and K2 A [ ]


Supply alarm K1, common alarm K2 B [ ]

2.2 Tier coding for power supply modules

2.2.1 Supply 1 : G3HO (115/230 VAC) A,B,C,D,K [ ] d


G3HN (48 ... 110 VDC) A,B,C,E,K [ ]

2.2.2 Supply 2 : G3HO (115/230 VAC) A,B,C,D,K [ ] d


G3HN (48 ... 110 VDC) A,B,C,E,K [ ]

2.3 Power supply supervision

2.3.1 Supply 1 : supervision on C [ ]


supervision off D [ ]

2.3.2 Supply 2 : supervision on E [ ]


supervision off F [ ]

2.4 Alarm supply USA [ ] d

. (remove R24,R25,R26) USB [ ]



Revision: Language: Page:
B 1KHL016096 EN 3/6 HENF600540

Modem position: N............. Tier: ETL [ ] NSK [ ]

3 Modem position

3.1 Station [.................................................]

3.2 Direction [.................................................]

3.3 Cabinet serial number [.................................................]

3.4 Tier position in cabinet [.................................................]

4 Modem Programming

4.1 Baudrate and channel

4.1.1 Setting of switch S1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

channel BW fs fc
(Bd) (Hz) (Hz) (Hz)

TX/RX 50 120 ± 30 off off off . . . . . [ ]


TX/RX 100 240 ± 60 off off on . . . . . [ ]
TX/RX 200 360 ± 90 off on off . . . . . [ ]
TX/RX 200 480 ± 120 off on on . . . . . [ ]
TX/RX 300 480 ± 120 on off off . . . . . [ ]
TX/RX 600 960 ± 240 on off on . . . . . [ ]
TX channel center frequency (fc) [............] ON . . . [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
OFF . . . [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]

TX 50 V.23 120 ± 30 420 on on off off off off off off [ ]


TX 1200 V.23 2400 ± 400 1700 on on off off off off off on [ ]
TX/RX 1200+Speech 1640 ± 400 2860 on on off on off off on off [ ]
TX/RX 2400 3200 ± 800 1800 on on on on off off off on [ ]
TX/RX 2400 3200 ± 800 2000 on on on on off off on on [ ]

ON [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
OFF [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]

4.2 Transmit level setting

4.2.1 Terminated line -6 dBm CA [ ]


-9 dBm CB [ ]
-12 dBm CC [ ]
-15 dBm CD [ ]
-18 dBm CE [ ]
variable [...............] dBm CF [ ]

4.2.2 In ETL with jumper AH -10 dBu ( 0 dBm0) CA [ ]


-13 dBu ( -3 dBm0) CB [ ]
-16 dBu ( -6 dBm0) CC [ ]
-19 dBu ( -9 dBm0) CD [ ]
-22 dBu (-12 dBm0) CE [ ]
variable [...............] dBu CF [ ]

# Programming only for G4AF modem



Revision: Language: Page:
B 1KHL016096 EN 4/6 HENF600540

Modem position: N............. Tier: ETL [ ] NSK [ ]

4.3 Receive level (%)

4.3.1 Nominal RX level on main line mark [...............] dBu


space [...............] dBu

4.3.2 # Nominal RX level on standby line mark [...............] dBu


space [...............] dBu

4.4 Receiver frequency and sensitivity

4.4.1 Setting of switch S2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

channel BW fs fc
(Bd) (Hz) (Hz) (Hz)

RX channel center frequency (fc) [............] ON . . . [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]


OFF . . . [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]

RX 50 V.23 120 ± 30 420 . . . off off off off off [ ]


RX 1200 V.23 2400 ± 400 1700 . . . off off off off on [ ]

Carrier off setting (*) main - [..............] dBu ON [ ] [ ] [ ] . . . . .


# standby - [..............] dBu OFF [ ] [ ] [ ] . . . . .

ON [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
OFF [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]

4.4.2 Attenuation - main 0 dB AC [ ]d


6 dB AD [ ]
12 dB AE [ ]

4.4.3 # Attenuation - standby 0 dB BC [ ]d


6 dB BD [ ]
12 dB BE [ ]

4.4.4 Low level receive option main line # standby line


off off none to XG [ ]d
# on off XG-EG [ ]
# off on XG-EH [ ]
on on XG-XF [ ]

4.4.5 Actual carrier off level - main [...............] dBu (%)

4.4.6 # Actual carrier off level - standby [...............] dBu (%)

(%) = Only if line details are known.

(*) = This carrier off level setting must take into account the attenuation in 4.4.2 and 4.4.3 as well as the low level receive option in 4.4.4. It
is correct when no equalization filter is being used. When an equalization filter is used then the actual carrier off level is increased by
the change in carrier level in paragraph 4.5.3 and 4.5.4. See the NSK5 instruction manual for more information.

Revision: Language: Page:
B 1KHL016096 EN 5/6 HENF600540

Modem position: N............. Tier: ETL [ ] NSK [ ]

4.5 Setting of switch S3 on off


S3

4.5.1 # Auto switch-over on / off (0) [ ] [ ]

4.5.2 Continuous transmit supervision on / off (9) [ ] [ ]

4.5.3 # Equalization filter - standby filter [...............] / (8) [ ] [ ]


Change in carrier level - standby [...............] dB (%) | (7) [ ] [ ]
Level correction amount - standby [...............] dB \ (6) [ ] [ ]

4.5.4 Equalization filter - main filter [...............] / (5) [ ] [ ]


Change in carrier level - main [...............] dB (%) | (4) [ ] [ ]
Level correction amount - main [...............] dB \ (3) [ ] [ ]

4.5.5 Regenerator
Synchronization polarity mark-space (2) [ ]
space-mark [ ]

Regenerator on / off (1) [ ] [ ]

4.6 Line termination impedance

4.6.1 Transmitter main line 600 ohm AF [ ]


high impedance AG [ ]
ETL AH [ ]

4.6.2 Receiver main line 600 ohm AA [ ]


high impedance / ETL AB [ ]

4.6.3 # Transmitter standby line 600 ohm BF [ ]


high impedance BG [ ]

4.6.4 # Receiver standby line 600 ohm BA [ ]


high impedance BB [ ]

4.7 DTR continuously on EC [ ]

4.8 RTS continuously on ED [ ]

4.9 X6 pin 15 / X2:a8 output function signal quality EE-XD [ ]


TX clock EF-XD [ ]d
# select standby EG-XD [ ]
# select standby inverted EH-XD [ ]

4.10 TX Clock on EI [ ]d
remove EI [ ]

4.11 Signal ground connected to protective earth (bridge EA)


R250 R251
open - - [ ]d
110 ohm 220 ohm 220 ohm [ ]
short circuit wire bridge - [ ]

Revision: Language: Page:
B 1KHL016096 EN 6/6 HENF600540

Modem position: N............. Tier: ETL [ ] NSK [ ]

4.12 Frame ground / cable shield connected to protective earth (bridge EB)
R68 R69
open - - [ ]
110 ohm 220 ohm 220 ohm [ ]d
short circuit wire bridge - [ ]

4.13 CTS user selectable delay 0.5 ms R209=0.33 kohm [ ]d

[...............] ms R209 [...............] kohm

4.14 DCD alarm contact output closed for no carrier DA [ ]d


open for no carrier DB [ ]

4.15 Half-duplex mode on XE-XF [ ]

4.16 Alarm supply USA ZA [ ]


USB ZB [ ]
ETL (USA) ZA [ ]

4.17 Carrier alarm

4.17.1 Carrier failure indicated on common alarm DC [ ]

4.17.2 Carrier alarm contacts disabled DD [ ]

4.17.3 Carrier alarm delay time 5 sec R199=150 kohm [ ]d

[...............] sec R199 [...............] kohm

4.17.4 Carrier alarm hold time 0.2 sec R198=6.8 kohm [ ]d

[...............] sec R198 [...............] kohm

Note: After programming the modules are not interchangeable. When exchanging modules they must be
reprogrammed.
 ABB Network Partner Ltd HENF600536
Responsible Department: Take over Department: Revision: Doc. Type: File No.:
NKT1 B 1KHL016096 421/2
Prepared: Checked: Approved: Language: Page:
98-11-02 sig. TR 98-11-03 sig. RP EN 1/5
Valid for: Derived from: Replaces: Classify No.:
HENF600536BE.doc

TESTING INSTRUCTION NSK5 EQUIPMENT (G4AE/G4AF)


Designations and abbreviations used

Designation Meaning
# programming only for G4AF modem
(.....) measured value
[.....] programmed value
[X] checked
{ } designation of measuring point
CTS clear to send - modem output signal (X6 pin 5)
DCD data carrier detect - modem output signal (X6 pin 8)
DTR DTE ready - modem input signal (X6 pin 20)
ETL power line carrier equipment
fc center frequency
fs frequency shift (from center frequency)
LED light emitting diode found on the front panel
LHS left hand side
mark low volt. level; lower frequency shift; logic 1, LED (R,T)XD=on
N? position in tier
RHS right hand side
RTS request to send - modem input signal (X6 pin 4)
RX receiver
RXD received data (X6 pin 3)
S3:10 DIL switch on modems printed circuit board
S4 toggle switch on front panel of modem ______
space high volt. level; higher frequency shift; logic 0, LED (R,T)XD=on
SS select standby - modem input signal (X6 pin 11)
TVN test voltage negative - a modem output signal (X6 pin 10)
TVP test voltage positive - a modem output signal (X6 pin 9)
TX transmitter
TXD transmitted data (X6 pin 2)
USA main modem and alarm supply
USB optional separate alarm supply
W&G Wandel and Goltermann
X2 connector on back of modem
X6 RS-232-D data connector on front panel of modem
XT? measuring point on front panel of modem
XT1 main transmitter
XT2 standby transmitter
XT3 main receiver
XT4 standby receiver

Note that the designation "main line" on the G4AF modem is equivalent to "line" on the G4AE modem.

We reserve all rights in this document and in the information contained therein. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties without express
authority is strictly forbidden. © ABB Network Partner Ltd

Revision: Language: Page:
B 1KHL016096 EN 2/5 HENF600536

Required test equipment

• Selective level meter or spectrum analyzer with a narrow W & G SPM-15


bandwidth and a high input impedance. (bandwidth: > 50 dB or similar
attenuation at ± 60 Hz from the center frequency).
(See *)

A non selective meter and a frequency counter is sufficient if all


the transmitters on the corresponding line at the near and the
far end are switched off.

• Modem tester. W & G DMT-1


or equivalent

• RS 232 interface tester. W & G DV-24


or similar

• Sine wave generator adjustable to ± 1 Hz and with a variable W & G SPM-15


output level. (See *) or similar

Test points

The test points and the line connections are in parallel so the tests
can be performed using the test points XT1 to XT4 or the line
connections X8 and, for the G4AF modem, X9.

X8 : 1a – LHS XT1
1b – RHS XT1
3a – LHS XT3
3b – RHS XT3

X9 : 2a – LHS XT2
2b – RHS XT2
4a – LHS XT4
4b – RHS XT4

* A balanced instrument is normally required, except for a


channel in an ETL tier when the right hand side connector of
XT1, the transmit line, and XT3, the receive line are the ETL
ground.

Note that the space available in this document is sufficient for one modem. For more than one modem please make additional copies of
pages 3 to 5

Revision: Language: Page:
B 1KHL016096 EN 3/5 HENF600536

Modem position: N............. Tier: ETL [ ] NSK [ ]

0 Modem position

0.1 Station [.................................................]

0.2 Direction [.................................................]

0.3 Cabinet serial number [.................................................]

0.4 Tier position in cabinet [.................................................]

1 Preparation
- For G3HN DC supply modules change coding on tier from D to E.
- Insert modem (and power supply modules) into tier.
- Connect primary power supply.
- Terminate the main transmitter output (1a, 1b)
with the correct impedance depending on the bridge setting: AF 600 ohm
AG 300 ohm
AH none
- # Terminate the standby transmitter output (2a, 2b)
with the correct impedance depending on the bridge setting: BF 600 ohm
BG 300 ohm
- Power on.

2 Visual check

2.1 LEDs on power supply module(s) (not for modem in ETL tier)

2.1.1 Green LED ’ok’ on [ ]


2.1.2 Red LED ’i’ off [ ]
2.1.3 Red LED ’IOL’ off [ ]

2.1.4 Red LED ’POWER FAIL SUPPLY 1’ off [ ]


2.1.5 Red LED ’POWER FAIL SUPPLY 2’ off [ ]

2.2 LEDs on modem

2.2.1 TXD LED on [ ]


2.2.2 RXD LED on [ ]
2.2.3 Alarm LED on (only if solder bridge DC is in) [ ]

3 Functional tests

3.1 Local loopback test

- Press S4 in direction TTX and then TRX.


- Wait 3 seconds.

3.1.1 DCD LED continuously on [ ]


3.1.2 TI LED on [ ]

- Press S4 in direction TTX to stop test.

# programming only for G4AF modem



Revision: Language: Page:
B 1KHL016096 EN 4/5 HENF600536

Modem position: N............. Tier: ETL [ ] NSK [ ]

3.2 Transmitter

- Remove data connections from X2.


- Connect the DMT-1 to X6 via the interface tester.
- Switch DTR and RTS on.
- Transmit a mark frequency. (logical 1)

3.2.1 RTS LED on [ ]


3.2.2 TXD LED on [ ]

3.2.3 Frequency XT1 {Tx}; #{Tx MAIN} [TX fc–TX fs ±3] Hz [ ]

3.2.4 Level XT1 {Tx}; #{Tx MAIN} [TX level +0/–3] dBm [ ]

3.2.5 # Level XT2 {Tx STD BY} [TX level +0/–3] dBm [ ]

- Transmit a space frequency. (logical 0)

3.2.6 Frequency XT1 {Tx}; #{Tx MAIN} [TX fc+TX fs ±3] Hz [ ]

3.3 Main receiver

- Inject a signal into TX3 {Rx}; #{Rx MAIN}. When the modem is inserted into an ETL tier then
the signal must be injected into XT1 {Tx}; #{Tx MAIN} on the remote modem.
- Set the generators frequency to RX fc–RX fs.
- Set the generators output signal level to the carrier off level + 15 dB.

3.3.1 Alarm LED off [ ]


3.3.2 RXD LED on [ ]
3.3.3 DCD LED on [ ]

____
- Increase the frequency slowly until RXD LED lights.

3.3.4 Center frequency [RX fc ± 20] Hz [ ]

- Set the generators frequency to RX fc–RX fs.


- Reduce the level until DCD LED extinguishes.

3.3.5 RX sensitivity main XT3 {Rx}; #{Rx MAIN} [actual carrier off level ± 3] dB [ ]

Revision: Language: Page:
B 1KHL016096 EN 5/5 HENF600536

Modem position: N............. Tier: ETL [ ] NSK [ ]

3.4 # Standby receiver

- Force the receiver to switch to the standby line. (DTR must be on).
- If S3:10 is on:
Disconnect the main line and wait 90 seconds
and re-connect when the modem has switched over.
OR
- If S3:10 is off:
Switch SS input high by connecting SS to TVP on X6.

3.4.1 SS LED on [ ]

- Set the generators frequency to RX fc–RX fs.


- Inject the signal into XT4 {Rx STD BY}.
- Increase the level until DCD LED lights.
- Reduce the level until DCD LED extinguishes.

3.4.2 RX sensitivity standby XT4 {Rx STD BY} [actual carrier off level ± 3] dB [ ]
 ABB Network Partner Ltd HENF600539
Responsible Department: Take over Department: Revision: Doc. Type: File No.:
NKT1 B 1KHL016096 421/3
Prepared: Checked: Approved: Language: Page:
98-11-02 sig. TR 98-11-03 sig. RP EN 1/7
Valid for: Derived from: Replaces: Classify No.:
HENF600539BE.doc

COMMISSIONING INSTRUCTION NSK5 EQUIPMENT (G4AE/G4AF)


Designations and abbreviations used

Designation Meaning
# programming only for G4AF modem
(.....) measured value
[.....] programmed value
[X] checked
{ } designation of measuring point
CTS clear to send - modem output signal (X6 pin 5)
DCD data carrier detect - modem output signal (X6 pin 8)
DTR DTE ready - modem input signal (X6 pin 20)
ETL power line carrier equipment
fc center frequency
fs frequency shift (deviation from center frequency)
LED light emitting diode found on the front panel
mark low voltage level; lower frequency shift; logic 1
N? position in tier
PLC power line carrier
RTS request to send - modem input signal (X6 pin 4)
RX receiver
RXD received data (X6 pin 3)
S3 DIL switch on modems printed circuit board
S4 toggle switch on front panel of modem
space high voltage level; higher frequency shift; logic 0
SS select standby - modem input signal (X6 pin 11)
TVN test voltage negative - a modem output signal (X6 pin 10)
TVP test voltage positive - a modem output signal (X6 pin 9)
TX transmitter
TXD transmitted data (X6 pin 2)
USA main modem and alarm supply
USB optional separate alarm supply
W&G Wandel and Goltermann
X2 connector on back of modem
X6 RS-232-D data connector on front panel of modem
XT? measuring point on front panel of modem
XT1 main transmitter
XT2 standby transmitter
XT3 main receiver
XT4 standby receiver

Note that the designation "main line" on the G4AF modem is equivalent to "line" on the G4AE modem.

We reserve all rights in this document and in the information contained therein. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties without express
authority is strictly forbidden. © ABB Network Partner Ltd

Revision: Language: Page:
B 1KHL016096 EN 2/7 HENF600539

Required test equipment

• Selective level meter or spectrum analyzer with a narrow W & G SPM-15


bandwidth and a high input impedance. (bandwidth: > 50 dB or similar
attenuation at ± 60 Hz from the center frequency). (See *)

A non selective meter is sufficient if all the transmitters on the


corresponding line at the near and the far end are switched off.

• Modem tester. W & G DMT-1


or equivalent

• RS 232 interface tester. (See +) W & G DV-24


or similar

• Variable resistor 0 to 1 kohm. (< 1 W)

+ Two interface testers may be required for the commissioning


test of a G4AF modem to switch over to the standby line.

* A balanced instrument is normally required, except for a


channel in an ETL tier when the right hand side connector of
XT1, the transmit line, and XT3, the receive line are the ETL
ground.

Note that the space available in this document is sufficient for one modem. For more than one modem please make additional copies of pages
3 to 7.

Revision: Language: Page:
B 1KHL016096 EN 3/7 HENF600539

Modem position: N............. Tier: ETL [ ] NSK [ ]

0 Modem position

0.1 Station [.................................................]

0.2 Direction [.................................................]

0.3 Cabinet serial number [.................................................]

0.4 Tier position in cabinet [.................................................]

1 Preparation

Local and remote modem:


- Insert modem (and power supply modules) into tier.
- Disconnect data connections from X2.
- Connect all the main and the standby telecommunication lines.
- Connect primary power supply.
- Switch on.

2 Visual check

2.1 LEDs on power supply module(s) (not for modem in ETL tier)

2.1.1 Green LED ’ok’ on [ ]


2.1.2 Red LED ’i’ off [ ]
2.1.3 Red LED ’IOL’ off [ ]

2.1.4 Red LED ’POWER FAIL SUPPLY 1’ off [ ]


2.1.5 Red LED ’POWER FAIL SUPPLY 2’ off [ ]

2.2 LEDs on modem

2.2.1 TXD LED on [ ]


2.2.2 RXD LED on [ ]
2.2.3 Alarm LED on (only if solder bridge DC is in) [ ]

3 Transmitter functional tests

3.1 Transmitter level

Local modem:
- Connect the DMT-1 to X6 via the interface tester if required for the standby line tests.
- Switch DTR and RTS on.
- Transmit a mark frequency. (logical 1)

Revision: Language: Page:
B 1KHL016096 EN 4/7 HENF600539

Modem position: N............. Tier: ETL [ ] NSK [ ]

3.1.1 TXD LED on [ ]


3.1.2 RTS LED on [ ]

3.1.3 TX level XT1 {Tx}; #{Tx MAIN} [TX level setting +2/–4] dBm [ ]

3.1.4 # TX level XT2 {Tx STD BY} [TX level setting +2/–4] dBm [ ]

(a) If out of tolerance:


new transmit level setting [....................................]
new jumper setting C .....

4 Receiver main line functional tests

4.1 Receive level

Remote modem:
- Connect the interface tester to X6.
- On X6 connect DTR and RTS to TVP.

Local modem:
- Switch RTS off.

4.1.1 RXD LED on [ ]


4.1.2 DCD LED on [ ]

4.1.3 RX mark level XT3 {Rx}; #{Rx MAIN} [nominal RX mark level +2/–4] dBu [ ]
(............)

Remote modem:
- In addition, on X6, connect TXD to TVP.
____
4.1.4 RXD LED on [ ]
4.1.5 DCD LED on [ ]

4.1.6 RX space level XT3 {Rx}; #{Rx MAIN} [nominal RX space level +2/–4] dBu [ ]
(............)

4.1.7 Change chan. attn (4.1.3 – 4.1.6) [level correction amount +3/–1] dB [ ]

(a) If out of tolerance:


new main equalization filter selected filter ..........
new switch settings S3:3 ..... ; S3:4 ..... ; S3:5 .....

Remote modem:
- Remove connection TXD from TVP.

(a) For details see application and programming in the NSK5 instruction manual.

Revision: Language: Page:
B 1KHL016096 EN 5/7 HENF600539

Modem position: N............. Tier: ETL [ ] NSK [ ]

4.2 Receive sensitivity (Not for a modem inserted in an ETL tier)

Local modem:
- Insert 1 kohm variable resistor across XT3 {Rx}; #{Rx MAIN} test points.
- Decrease the resistance slowly until the DCD LED extinguishes.

4.2.1 Carrier switch off level XT3 {Rx}; #{Rx MAIN} [actual carrier off level ± 3] dBu [ ]
(............)

4.2.2 RX level margin (4.1.3 – 4.2.1) [15 ± 6] dB [ ]

(b) If out of tolerance:


(c) new main receive level sensitivity [....................................]
new switch settings S2:1 ..... ; S2:2 ..... ; S2:3 .....
new jumper settings AC/AD/AE : .....
low level receive option on/off : .....

Local modem:
- Remove 1 kohm variable resistor from XT3 {Rx}; #{Rx MAIN} test points.

Remote modem:
- Remove the connection RTS to TVP.

4.2.3 DCD LED continuously off [ ]

4.3 Distortion test

Remote modem:
- Press S4 in direction TTX on the remote modem to start a transmit test.

Local modem:
- If the regenerator is on then switch off. (S3:1)
- Set the DMT-1 on a 511 test pattern and the correct baudrate.

4.3.1 Isochronous distortion 50 to 300 Bd [< 11 %] [ ]


600 or 1200 Bd [< 15 %] [ ]
1200 Bd+speech [< 17 %] [ ]
2400 Bd [< 22 %] [ ]

Remote modem:
- Press S4 in direction TTX on the remote modem to end the transmit test.

(b) It
is permissible that in certain network configurations the receive level margin is more than 21 dB. In this
case check the maximum allowable receive signal level is within that specified in the technical data.

(c) The remote transmit level may also be changed to correct the receive level margin. See the technical data.

Revision: Language: Page:
B 1KHL016096 EN 6/7 HENF600539

Modem position: N............. Tier: ETL [ ] NSK [ ]

5 # Receiver standby line functional tests

5.1 Switching over to standby line

Remote modem:
- On connector X6 connect DTR and RTS to TVP

Local modem:
- Force the receiver to switch to the standby line. (DTR must be on).
- If S3:10 is on:
Disconnect main line and wait 90 seconds
and re-connect when the modem has switched over.
OR
- If S3:10 is off:
Switch SS input high by connecting SS to TVP on X6.

5.1.1 SS LED on [ ]

5.2 Receive level

5.2.1 RXD LED on [ ]


5.2.2 DCD LED on [ ]

5.2.3 RX mark level XT4 {Rx STD BY} [nominal RX mark level +2/–4] dBu [ ]
(............)

Remote modem:
- In addition, on X6, connect TXD to TVP.
___
5.2.4 RXD LED on [ ]
5.2.5 DCD LED on [ ]

5.2.6 RX space level XT4 {Rx STD BY} [nominal RX space level +2/–4] dBu [ ]
(............)

5.2.7 Change chan. attn (5.2.3 – 5.2.6) [level correction amount +3/–1] dB [ ]

(a) If out of tolerance:


new standby equalization filter selected filter ..........
new switch settings S3:6 ..... ; S3:7 ..... ; S3:8 .....

Remote modem:
- Remove connection TXD from TVP.

5.3 Receive sensitivity

Local modem:
- Insert 1 kohm variable resistor across XT4 {Rx STD BY} test points.
- Decrease the resistance slowly until the DCD LED extinguishes.

Revision: Language: Page:
B 1KHL016096 EN 7/7 HENF600539

Modem position: N............. Tier: ETL [ ] NSK [ ]

5.3.1 Carrier switch off level XT4 {Rx STD BY}[actual carrier off level ± 3] dBu [ ]
(............)

5.3.2 RX level margin (5.2.3 – 5.3.1) [15 ± 6] dB [ ]

(b) If out of tolerance:


(c) new standby receive level sensitivity [....................................]
new switch settings S2:1 ..... ; S2:2 ..... ; S2:3 .....
new jumper settings BC/BD/BE : .....
low level receive option on/off : .....

Local modem:
- Remove 1 kohm variable resistor from XT4 {Rx STD BY} test points.

Remote modem:
- Remove the connection RTS to TVP.

5.3.3 DCD LED continuously off [ ]

5.4 Distortion test

Remote modem:
- Press S4 in direction TTX on the remote modem to start a transmit test.

Local modem:
- If the regenerator is on then switch off. (S3:1)
- Set the DMT-1 on a 511 test pattern and the correct baudrate.

5.4.1 SS LED on [ ]

5.4.2 Isochronous distortion 50 to 300 Bd [< 11 %] [ ]


600 or 1200 Bd [< 15 %] [ ]
1200 Bd+speech [< 17 %] [ ]
2400 Bd [< 22 %] [ ]

Remote modem:
- Press S4 in direction TTX on the remote modem to end the transmit test.

6 Restoring original state

6.1 - If the regenerator was on before the tests then switch back on. [ ]

6.2 - If removed then re-connect connections to X2. [ ]


ABB Power Automation Ltd 1KHL016075-EN
Archive No.: Rev. Date:
Programming Schedule NSK5 Modem G4AK <ETL500 Rel. 3> - A 99-06-24
Responsible Department: Prepared: Approved: Distribution: Lang.: Page:
NKT1 98-10-05 sig. TR 99-06-24 sig. RP - EN 1/4
Valid for: Derived from: Replaces: Classification-No.: File:
- - - - L16075AE Programming of
G4AK.doc

Power Line Carrier Equipment: Series ETL500

Programming Schedule NSK5 Modem G4AK <ETL500 Rel. 3>


Contents
1 Modem position............................................................................................... 2
1.1Station ............................................................................................................. 2
1.2Direction .......................................................................................................... 2
1.3Cabinet serial number ..................................................................................... 2
1.4Tier position in cabinet .................................................................................... 2
1.5Modem position in tier ..................................................................................... 2
2 Modem Programming...................................................................................... 2
2.1 Baudrate and channel ..................................................................................... 2
2.2 Transmit levels, receiver sensitivity and line termination impedance
settings....................................................................................................... 3
2.3 Receiver frequency ......................................................................................... 3
2.4 Setting of switch S3......................................................................................... 3
2.5 DTR continuously on....................................................................................... 4
2.6 RTS continuously on ....................................................................................... 4
2.7 X6 pin 15 / X2:a8 output function.................................................................... 4
2.8 Tx Clock on ..................................................................................................... 4
2.9 Signal ground connected to protective earth (bridge EA) ............................... 4
2.10 Frame ground / cable shield connected to protective earth (bridge EB) ........ 4
2.11 CTS user selectable delay .............................................................................. 4
2.12 DCD alarm contact output............................................................................... 4
2.13 Alarm supply ................................................................................................... 4
2.14 Carrier alarm ................................................................................................... 4

Designations and abbreviations used


Designation Meaning
[.....] programmed value
BW bandwidth
CTS clear to send - modem output signal
d default settings
DCD data carrier detect - modem output signal
DTR DTE ready - modem input signal
ETL power line carrier equipment
fc center frequency
fs frequency shift (deviation from center frequency)
N? position in tier
RTS request to send - modem input signal
Rx receiver
Tx transmitter
USA modem and alarm supply

The space available in this document is sufficient for one modem. For more than one modem please make additional copies of pages 2 to 4.

We reserve all rights in this document and in the information contained therein. Reproduction, use or disclosure to
third parties without express authority is strictly forbidden. © ABB Power Automation Ltd, Switzerland.
Revision: Language: Page:
A EN 2/4 1KHL016075-EN

1 Modem position

1.1 Station [.................................................]

1.2 Direction [.................................................]

1.3 Cabinet serial number [.................................................]

1.4 Tier position in cabinet [.................................................]

1.5 Modem position in tier N……

2 Modem Programming

F Note: The MMI500 user interface gives a small support to set the switches S1, S2
and S3. If a FSK modem is configured in the menu ‘Configuration’ /
’Services’ / ‘Channel1’ or ‘2’ / ‘Number of G4AK’ then it’s possible to set the
application for the G4AK. Choose ‘Teleoperation, ext. teleprotection, FSK
modems’ in the ‘Configuration’ menu and the G4AK Nxx-tab to make the
channel settings. The ‘Manual settings on G4AK (incomplete)’ -section
shows the S1, S2 and S3 positions. These switch positions must be adjusted
to the corresponding G4AK.

2.1 Baudrate and channel

2.1.1 Setting of switch S1


channel BW fs fc 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
(Bd) (Hz) (Hz) (Hz)
Tx/Rx 50 120 ± 30 off off off - - - - - [ ]
Tx/Rx 100 240 ± 60 off off on - - - - - [ ]
Tx/Rx 200 360 ± 90 off on off - - - - - [ ]
Tx/Rx 200 480 ± 120 off on on - - - - - [ ]
Tx/Rx 300 480 ± 120 on off off - - - - - [ ]
Tx/Rx 600 960 ± 240 on off on - - - - - [ ]
Tx channel center frequency (fc) [............] ON - - - [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
OFF - - - [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
or default channels:
Tx 50 V.23 120 ± 30 420 on on off off off off off off [ ]
Tx 1200 V.23 2400 ± 400 1700 on on off off off off off on [ ]
Tx/Rx 1200+Speech 1640 ± 400 2860 on on off on off off on off [ ]
Tx/Rx 2400 3200 ± 800 2000 on on on on off off on on [ ]

Programming of S1: ON [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
OFF [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
Revision: Language: Page:
A EN 3/4 1KHL016075-EN

2.2 Transmit levels, receiver sensitivity and line termination impedance settings
Transmit level Receiver sensitivity
Baud rate Jack Tx System level Jumpers Receive Switch S2
Front panel level 1 2 3
50 Bd -22 dBu (-12 dBm0) AB, AH, CE -39 dBu on off on [ ]
100 Bd -22 dBu (-12 dBm0) AB, AH, CE -36 dBu on off off [ ]
200 Bd, 300 Bd -19 dBu (-9 dBm0) AB, AH, CD -33 dBu off on on [ ]
[.……..] Bd -16 dBu (-6 dBm0) AB, AH, CC -30 dBu off on off [ ]
600 Bd, 1200 Bd+S -13 dBu (-3 dBm0) AB, AH, CB -27 dBu off off on [ ]
1200 Bd (V.23), 2400 Bd -10 dBu (0 dBm0) AB, AH, CA -24 dBu off off off [ ]
variable
[...…...] dBu AB, AH, CF […..]dBu […...] […...] […...] [ ]
Note: Levels only valid without receive attenuation

2.3 Receiver frequency

2.3.1 Setting of switch S2


channel BW fs fc 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
(Bd) (Hz) (Hz) (Hz)
Rx channel center frequency (fc) [............] ON - - - [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
OFF - - - [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
or default channels:
Rx 50 V.23 120 ± 30 420 - - - off off off off off [ ]
Rx 1200 V.23 2400 ± 400 1700 - - - off off off off on [ ]
Rx 1200+Speech 1640 ± 400 2860 - - - on off off on off [ ]
Rx 2400 3200 ± 800 2000 - - - on off off on on [ ]

Programming of S2: ON [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
OFF [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]

2.3.2 Attenuation 0 dB AC [ ]d
6 dB AD [ ]
12 dB AE [ ]

2.4 Setting of switch S3


ON OFF
2.4.1 Regenerator ON / OFF (1) [ ] [ ]d

2.4.2 Regenerator synchronization polarity mark-space (2) [ ]


space-mark [ ]d

2.4.3 Equalization filter (3) [x]


(4) [x]
(5) [x]
(6) [x]
(7) [x]
(8) [x]

2.4.4 Continuous transmit supervision ON / OFF (9) [ ] [ ]d


not used (10) [x]

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Programming of S3: ON [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
OFF [ ] [ ] [x] [x] [x] [x] [x] [x] [ ] [x]
Revision: Language: Page:
A EN 4/4 1KHL016075-EN

2.5 DTR continuously on EC [ ]

2.6 RTS continuously on ED [ ]

2.7 X6 pin 15 / X2:a8 output function signal quality EE-XD [ ]


Tx clock EF-XD [ ]d

2.8 Tx Clock on EI [ ]d
remove EI [ ]

2.9 Signal ground connected to protective earth (bridge EA)


R250 R251
open - - [ ]d
110 ohm 220 ohm 220 ohm [ ]
short circuit wire bridge - [ ]

2.10 Frame ground / cable shield connected to protective earth (bridge EB)
R68 R69
open - - [ ]
110 ohm 220 ohm 220 ohm [ ]d
short circuit wire bridge - [ ]

2.11 CTS user selectable delay 0.5 ms → R209=0.33 kohm [ ]d


[...............] ms R209 [.............] kohm

2.12 DCD alarm contact output closed for no carrier DA [ ]d


open for no carrier DB [ ]

2.13 Alarm supply ETL (USA) ZA [ x ]d

2.14 Carrier alarm

2.14.1 Carrier failure indicated on common alarm DC [ ]

2.14.2 Carrier alarm contacts disabled DD [ ]

2.14.3 Carrier alarm delay time 5 sec → R199=150 kohm [ ]d


[...............] sec R199 [..............] kohm

2.14.4 Carrier alarm hold time 0.2 sec → R198=6.8 kohm [ ]d


[...............] sec R198 [..............] kohm

Note: After programming the modules are not interchangeable. When exchanging modules they must be
reprogrammed.