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Problem Solutions

Dean Updike
Chapter 1
c " ) ,

1.1 Two solid cylindrical rods AH md BC are welded together at B and loaded as
Problem 1.1 shown. Determine the magnitude of the force P for which the tensile stress in rod AH
istwieetIief«agnitudeofthecoi«pFessivestressiniod/^-<-

~ CSOf 5
'

<5
> a " a7b
r p "* —s
91-3x10-^?
1000 mm -

Aa - 44 / 7.?*,^
^ _
^>8c“
(2X/20)
xr~
m AB
—P
-

= 2?t±=~?~ - 0-0S4} - zzb-A-Co^V


A**n- ?

2 ®ec

X/o
6
P=r - Zz4-*X/0 V) P =• U2'<1 k-N ^

Problem 1 .2
1.2 In Prob. LI, knowing that P~ 160 kN, determine the average normal stress at

the midsection of (a) rod AH , (£) rod #0.

1.1 Two solid cylindrical rods ^ and #C are welded together at B and loaded as
shown. Determine the magnitude of the force P for which the tensile stress in rod AH
is twice the magnitude of the compressive stress in rod BC.

(a) goisLAB-

P- f(>0 &/ o*t

f\ = idm. ~ P= 160 kN
'AB 1} *f

6^
** ~ a~
Aar
r - 8/- S' MPa.
-750 mm -1000 mm-

(VO jRoJMBC.
'i.e- #0 kM coiv>j»»-«.ssion

77(73-)*
a
Mat-
_
~
Tetac
rr~ — r r r AAn- fintrp-

-=* 22 : 0^- ~ -/«•/ MPa «*©


A Be -M/7 ?

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any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
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* B

Problem 1.3 i‘3 Two solid cylindrical rods AB and BC are welded together at B and loaded as
shown. Knowing that the average normal stress must not exceed 175 MPa in rod A

P aJ A& ,

P r 40 + 3£> r 70 kO - 70 x/o
!

- _ p _ F _ HP

(J4 )(jv y fa? >


3
- 2 2. S' x /o' w.
fQiS^io 6- )

ct, “ 22-5 v*uw\

$sA. »

P - 3o l/U - 3ox(o3 N

l
*Z
/lE _ |(M 's(3^x/o^
1 ^ac 'i TrO^o.foM
ch “ IS".^ *vnw

Problem 1.4 1.4 Two solid cylindrical rods AB and BC are welded together at B and loaded as
shown. Knowing that d{ ^ 50 mm and d2 - 30 mm, find average normal stress at the
midsection of (a) rod AB y (b) rod BC.

(Cx3 A m

P ~ 40 + 30 - lo kvj 70 x \o H
a • $<*; r f^655x/o ^ - L €i£>ZS'*IO **

AT ~ P c
Oao -r~
T^rr
L^63S>/o
" 1 r 35'„7*/o p«.

6i ft - 56'. 7 MP*
250 mm i
(& R oA bc .

P = 3o kM - 3o* lo N
z
A - “
if (3o) ~ "km
i - 7°^. 86* lo

6;® £ -E- = i^x/p! - Hi.Hxlo'Pa


c
A 7 oe,,$Gvic>
&u * HZH MP« -»

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distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
3

LS A strain gage located at C on the surface of bone AB indicates that the average
Problem 1.5 normal stress in the bone is 3.80 MPa when the bone is subjected to two I200-N

knowing that its outer diameter is 25 mm, determine the inner diameter of the bone's
cross section at C.

r
fir- ~
'
JEL
A
<Se^^ d'v'y •>
A ' h

it H r
«C - d t
7f O'

**>
' 1^6*10 '
TTC3.'3c ^ 10 6 >
)

^ x ID"*

9 x fO vn

Problem 1 .6
7.6 Two steel plates are to be held together by means of 16~mm~diameter high-
strength steel bolts fitting snugly inside cylindrical brass spacers. Knowing that the
average normal stress must not exceed 200 and 130 MPa in the
MPa in the bolts

spacers, determine the outer diameter of the spacers that yields the most economical
and safe design.

A\+ c:ac& h&Pt -f^ke uppe^ p^ute Is joy iHe


f\ «sf 'H'*. At fke S^^ne ~biy*e 4k-e s p/StceX pusUe5 +kc^
^JUA< Upw/avN^ w 4k <*. Xk»

a - p.

+W WV, 6i
*
-jjj
* p. * ? s, j:

1 s
Poir 44<r Spccce^ ^ r*

4* - c4/
>

Ps -

Ecjooj-i*^

tfL - J(\ + & ^ ok 4 Oc)


Problem 1 .7 1.7 Each of the four vertical links has an 8 x 36-mm uniform rectangular cross
section and each of the four pins has a J6-mm diameter. Determine the maximum
value of the average normal stress in the links connecting (a) points B and D> (b)
points C and E.

0.25 in
\
s'

Use V>£*r ABC as a ftrc« \to2y.

20 kNi^l mm so A
o.oss O.o^o

~ O
XM C - O' L 0 . 0*1 o ) Fj 0 — ( 0.025 ± 0 .OHa')(sc>Y.iO3‘)
3
Fqo SC 3S.S*I0 N link BD i s t* f*>r\3»Vn.

o; -(o.OHo) - ( 0. 03.5 )(2OX/0


3
)
- o
- - C+& 3 * 7^ <* 3 *5 t
Fop V. i *> 1 /
£ jp
t

area, >F
cr k 4W •few's to* ( 0 ,0O3>)(0. 0$6 -0.0 1G 'i

- /£& X IQ iv* * por pa+odfle P ^Pir\


r 3*^0 *Y O

T s. 4/^es.s iV» i*tV*k BD.


. _~ Eks_ r
3^.6- Wo 3 10 I. S' 6 *70
,
(ttl Oao a a^A
3 vin-^
RO*/o'
A*.1

>

Area. Pa/' Pm k w C o*^ tyre 5S,’oi “ (o.OOg )(o.o34 )

£*83 X |0 Fovr 'fwo p<tra P^z9 $*k's,j A - S7£> * lO> Vn

s- _ F^r -/^.S’v/O 3 _
S« - 7T - J7SXIQ:r
• <$7 --2I.7MP*

Proprietary Material. ©
2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limitcddistribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
e /

- ? Co. 1 + I.H ) =• o

•p = 33j*/o\N *P-33LlkM

Problem 1 .9
1.9 Knowing that link DE is 25 mm wide and 3 ram thick, determine
the normal stress in the central portion of that link when (a) 0 — 0, (b) 0 = 90°.

100mm 100 mm
Use. mer-v L CB F -fVe* looJcy

+)lH t = O
~0‘3 \~
o& -(0'l)(l4-O si*Q)-(0‘ 4)(24'0 - o

Fpe - —Z&oslnB ~2zoc»sQ N


A oe ^o.ozs-^o. 003 ) ^
e Fpc
Ad£

esn 0 - o: R>« * -3^ ^


6- ' ' —4 < J-7 */ A?

ft.1 0 - Ho' : FOJ /^>o A

~ f fe
6p e =
75 */0“ fe
Problem 1.10 JJO Link AC has a uniform rectangular cross section 3 mm thick and 12 mm. wide.
Determine the normal stress in. the central portion of the link.

75 rrmi
960 N |

150 mm
175 imn
T~«yp
N
2$0 tot*
T"
ff 0 MM
QboN

No+fc *H\^4 4"L<2 ~f *^o -povMe« p


fo e*. CaopJ?z erF v^c^vvt^e^
,
*|

y
(f4<? tf')(o*/?to )
^ /A4 ALAt

*0 = Q * Hhtf M'to
cFfit
in') ~ O
~ bt>5' / A/

Ah!c^ of J>, a If 5 * ( 3 *>to)(l2 fn*n) '36 mm 2


r

— . t z~-
= Fa «- b bS* 1
-
S+Kess 6.. -7 - ~ l X-
I ft- *75 to Pa Sac.- ,S -S MPa
Aac. &y

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or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
1,11. The .rigid bar EFG is supported by the truss system shown. Know-
Problem 1.11 mm diameter, determine
ing that the member CG is a solid circular rod of 18

u Sk*\
^
EF&C B c«a 'Free.
6**}
+"f ~z Fj - ° :
Fab - fs tt O
F.« = «^
L)s*jo^ £F&- c^s c< Fv^ee \>oAy
F„ 6 a c

& H-- ~ ° :
Ks + 0*2) ( |x*
' °
Fc& * FAC ~ 'Z&kH
Cro Section <^v oi *^>e^ CIO*

f^
1

Acc - ~ r 2544 ‘X/o'^


f'Jovrv^&y^ s4*v*« in C<S.

'c* -
A

A <^
- —
254*4k/^
^ ^
12 The rigid bar £FG is supported by the truss system shown. Deter-
problem 112
mine the cross-sectional area of member AE for which the normal stress in the
member is J 05 MPa.

Usm^ pof-Vtov» t'FG-CB <SeS £C FWc \ooAy

+ 1 -ZF, =o:| F.« - itr * o


Re - Z^A/
Si f-F SS | H A£ 6TAe - IGSMPc)

6 Fa*
Fa<S C
SV -
Aae

Rc Z5*w - t> 2-
m
.>

-*
z?>lr. /x/a
<5* l''

IcSYio

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distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
1

Problem 1.13 1.13 A couple M of magnitude 1 500 N • m is applied to the crank of an engine. For
the position shown, determine (a) the force P required to hold the engine system in
,cqu i|ib riu m, (6 ) the average normal stress in the connecting rod BC, which has a 450-
in nr uniform cross section.

Use pisfe (A j
Poe)^ ainai Crajftk

•jexge-bke/. os body. /UM


WO~M 'f'Q&.cd toil H o.mJ
^
r-e.o.o+io^s Ay Ay.
t) ZM a « o:
(0.230 tv. 'iH - ISOO W-tvi = o
3
H - S.3S7 1 x\ O N

Use pt£-fow «iUte as ^


hocJy. Nc>4®. foci is
a. -f^o-Potree »»»e*v.beej henoe f4i€ diVeoffon
Fofee Fgc: »s . DvNst-^ +Kc -fo/ce
av«sf 4>oA*e £,/ “P Foe by
pre?po^-f(OMS.
1
,2 - / 200 + £o
5

~ Zo% . 3

3
P- 17. 86 *Io M
P= 17. 86 AW
Fee _ X0B.&I
H Co
Fg^ - 18.6*3 Vo3 bJ

Rod BC is Jx c«>*v'p>*eS5i*e)v» be/^. Iffs ctr€<se t$ 4sS’Ohmh*’ - VSo xyo hn

S+reSS,,
S+resS 6^-“ « ~ /S~ y/o
C
‘^Be.
A ^SOXIO*
0>) 6^ - -4L* MPa. -*

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distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
1,14 An aircraft tow bar is positioned by means of a single hydraulic cylinder
Problem 1.14 connected by a 25-mm-diameter steel rod to two identical arm-and-whed units DEF,
-
The niass of the entire tow bar is 200 kg; and ts center of gravity is located at <5r For^
i

the position shown, determine the normal stress in the rod.

FR.es Tow

w - (zoo yn/sO* M
+ p)'S:h a = o :

BSOR - USoO^^R' 00 - O
F, = ZC.5+.S M

FP^c,& - g>oTVA ARH


^ WU££tT Ut4\T6 •

o< 1:5 “ 8*4Z7o°


Cays'

+^Im e = o:
(F«, cos oC)(sSo) - K(Soo' ) -
-

O
gQO
Fcp = .--^
r
550
. ('2<ss4.s
S-427D s
m")
'

= 2431. S H ( comp .')


_ ~ _ 2 431.5 N
°cd" ~
Act> -nf'o.oils-^y
= - 4-.1&17 x lO fo
Pa

<rC t> * - 4.17 MPa *

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reproduced, or
to teachers
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without
permission.
,

1.15 The wooden members A and B are to be joined by plywood .splice plates that
Problem 1.15 will be fully glued on the surfaces in contact. As part of the design of the joint, and
c learance between the ends of the members is to be 6 mm^
determine the smallest allowable length 7 if the average shearing stress in the glue is
not to exceed 700 kPa.

^ Co PUd Cl

pctcs\f\ of fLe^e one +U


•:&»! i

i )' \<5 kW Joad* "T/nos

F = i? - ids) - IS \ckt - 7SOO hJ

id Jl - oP one c^PoeJt ci^ntGi W - iSwvn 7 O, Ol£ »v.be l4s \aj f<=/9K

Fov e*-<^b
7^oe - d <xv-e<^ A ~ J*/
pr pr
Avenge she<i^n«j s-firessi
~ ~
'Y
A .ik
T*be ej)7 ow oJfYa, shearing s4t-ess 2X
'C 7 00*10* V&
' Va

SoJ9.'*« XJ X - r CJV8G,^-
OJHZZG^ * 147.
l47.SS7v.iv.
^ TV i
(lOOxlC^X^-OTS^
T^-k^ A* 3 k 9: Z. = X+L^ + JP* IH2.&S+ 6 + iss.ar

L ~ 2«tZ

Problem 1.16 1.16 When the force P reached 8 kN, the wooden specimen shown failed in shear
along the surface indicated by the dashed line. Determine the average shearing stress
along that surface at the time of failure.

A^col beinci sh ec*/ ed 1

d
A
A = 70 \/VUV) J*
*
i S — I 3F^ n't m ~ J >* / O^ KH
CZ T
Mo 1
N
JP gx/o 3
$l>e«rfW«l ,sfr«SS 'Y
_
93 */o3 Rs -.9.93 MPa,
A l3SD*/cr 6

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any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
j »

Problem 1.17 1J7 Two wooden planks, each 1 2 mm thick and 225 mm wide, are joined by the dry
mortise joint shown. Knowing that the wood used shears ofTalong its grain when the
average shearing Stress reaches H M Pa, detennine the magnitude P of the axial load
16 mm which will cause the joint to fail

F— 16 mm
Sty he off
W/hev\ fll€ jOlwl W eF
Gtr<>dtS In A^S dimeiVonS /£ Hn**i
?

/{$ c^rec<

a =(«)(«)= m * m*io c v« L

At Pcm J/u re Ike Fotf'cp F* casr \ * d by e.C*.c L c>§ Ciy'ec^S I

F - rA - ( 3 * fo
c
)(m * Jo"’ ) - 1536 N * 1-536 irM

SiY»ce *Hsev-e a**. S iY tVoi e & ve,<K.s P- £ F - 6s ) 0 S 3 C)


- ^ 9. 2 ZkU —

Problem t.18 1.18 A load P Is applied to a steel rod supported as shown by an aluminum plate into
which a 2-mm-diameter hole has been drilled. Knowing that the shearing stress
1

must not exceed 180 MPa in the steel rod and 70 MPa in the aluminum plate,
determine the largest load P that can be applied to the rod.

R>ir -Hc-e sfee^ tcJi

A, - 7rc^£t r (jfyfr.GIZ. )(O.Oto)


sz 376.33 x/0' c

% »
^ 'tjA,
a
P, =• U%i>*tO i \(Z7C;^yl(S> )9 C7.8£WO*P

A*- Te^t* = r L0053IX/C." 3

~ /
*£« ~ *~ z ^~ 2

c
P* ~ (7q*Io‘)(I,ooS3« !d~ ')
= 7o.37Z*tc? M

Tke .^«V\HYrt^ Por pLg. Jpo *.<?! P is Pke


oP P, o-vid P*,»

P^ 6736* {O N
3
67.*? kM M
"

Problem 1.19 T*!9 The axial force in the column supporting the timber beam shown is P = 75 kN
Determine the smallest allowable length L of the bearing plate if the bearing stress in
;

thedimber is not to exceed ™ :

SOLUTION

g- - JE.
VL, A

'
? _ is* to*
L
S^>
mm
140
Soivi'rtA -fov I- •

<y^ {3<o^o^)(p.no)
"3
n&.e x/o tY\

- 17 3. G

L20 The load P applied to a steel rod is distributed to a timber support by an annular
Problem 1.20 washer. The diameter of the rod is 22 mm and the inner diameter of the washer is 25
mm, which is slightly larger than the diameter of the hole. Determine the smallest
allowable outer diameter d of the washer, knowing that the axial normal stress in the
steel rod is 35 MPa and that the average bearing stress between the washer and the
timber must not exceed 5 MPa.

C
SAeeJ roJ- A= J (0.022 P - 3SO.
-
ij’x/o
>
l

6"= ZSylO c
''

P - 6* A - C3J?xiO*)( 38o.nv iff 6

- 13. 3oS»!0*ki

^
Was Ke -/-
6t = -5 x IO
ir i

v\c* ci'S'etz

a _ JP _ ) 3.3a-£*»r
- G& OQxlO
“ ~ 2.
*
q; 6-xio*>

t“')
Bid, At, - cA

dZ
» (o.ozs-f +

4.
^
5
« 4. 0 '3 > /o* *,*

%
d - £3. 3> 6 1 Yn d- 63.3
Problem 1,21 1.21 A 40-kN axial load is applied to a short wooden post that is supported by a
concrete footing resting on undisturbed soil. Determine (a) the maximum bearing
stress on the concrete footing, (/?) the size of the footing for which the average
bearing stress in the soil is 145 kPa.

(a) Stress av\ conartle. Foo*f l VI „


^
pr 40 kW - Vo X lo tvi

3 1 3
A * (l 00)02©) r 12 * to W,«, S I2.X !o »v2

~ xp- " Vo * fo* , _


^ ‘
3.33x10 P^
A '
\* * ;o-'
3.33 HPa. --ft

A^
3
(M Pc H • P - Vo “/o N) G> vs l UP^ = VS*/os Pa
2

_p Vo x / cr*
~ O.X758G
A (Sr VS* fo 3
kv,
f

1
Since i"/i e ^ / 5 S
1
A - b

b- 77T = •/<?. 2758V - O.SZSx* Sd “ S2S *****

Problem 1.22 An axial load P is supported by a short W2O0 X 59 column of


1 .22
cross-sectional area A - 7560 mm 2
and is distributed to a concrete foundation
by a square plate as shown. Knowing that the average normal stress in the col-
umn must not exceed 200 MPa and that the bearing stress on the concrete
foundation must not exceed 20 MPa, determine the side a of the plate dial
will provide the most economical and safe design.

~
p
er
A
ov P= 6" A *( 200*10 )n 5 to>*io
t>

)-j5fzk.bJ

Vo*' Ote ay a p-Ate t


Q~ - 2-oMPg

A _
- P
-gr -
1*512-
o.o-jsk/fr
, / 2

Since 'fA-e p-P^fe is A ~ CL

£L-7a =•-/?> olSb - QtLlS^


:= iT Atq /v>

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any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
) ) .

1.23 A 6 -mm -diameter pin is used at connection C of the pedal shown. Knowing that
Problem 1 .23 P - 500 N, determine (a) the average shearing stress in the pin, ( b the nominal
bearing ’Stress in the pedal at C, (c) the nominal bearing stress in each support bracket

-300 inrn-

D^u> )ooJy Pm A
$ \ '/ <> ** AC D -
125 mm
Smce AC D cv
"
B
|*jT 3 -force K*e**fe^ f .... . ..

• s J iVe c-4 € ^ po r v4 £ ^
i ** 1 e'S t e
5 nun of + k e 4^' n-es <?4 <x c4 ow of
1‘ kev f wo 4 o

Fro v-n geoKef/y, C£~~j 3oo% 13.0 — 3*S JV}**! „

4^ ^Fy - or O - P - o C a 2.CP= (?. 6)^00 j — /3^o u

vtp." . i£ _i£_1 .

-2£-1 . (SVIZOO) 1 . 5SOKto‘p
ia
a j n,
(<X) " "fTe* -
irtexjo-s) <*,
^ Siol

C ’^ w
13oo
(t,) ft - - J2 ~ M. I
X /o‘ fk ZH. Mp^
U*ux 3 X<?y}o- 3 )
I
' b ’ '
Ab ‘
at

(C-') 6Lfc = ££ -
~
-P t
^ DO —~ 21'• 1 y |o 1
&
P<s K:2I.7MP<c
2dt m^xlor^CSV/O-'* >

Knowing that a force P of magnitude 750 N is applied to the pedal shown,


Problem 1 .24 determine (a) the diameter of the pin at C for which the average shearing stress in the
pin is '40 MPa, (b) the corresponding bearing stress in the pedal at C\ (c) the
corresponding bearing stress in the each support bracket at C.

Dmw -free ooA^f 1 FH# Ip


oliAgir^rvx d f AC D.
S.Vce ACD is a \\ ^ ^ If
3- fo^ce — • — » - --3
D
FK< of £
is fov&vvi +ke «o<4

of 4ke of o.c4<\>*> of offer 4wo forces*


z
<^e o^el*'y )
CE = ~/3oc> + /^S - oxj mr^

+ t2F y
-o: C - P - o ^ (Z£)(756) - |?60 N

ca> r p: . = A ^ Vt HOr^ij
7rT(T^ x /O 6 >
55 ss7>i*'~

< kl 6- 1 5 «- , '" 0 ‘ a ,= 3X -‘?MP


32.9 - -•
MPct
-
fa,!£»W. 6i*
6J

*' ^ *
53T *
afeWWi' = 3S '° y,0 ‘ a 3 ^° MP^ ^
Proprietary Material. © 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies* Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual ss using it without permission.
*

1.26 Two identical linkage-and-hydraulic-cylmder systems control the


position of the forks of a fork-lift truck. The load supported by he one system
t

shown is 6 kN. Knowing that the thickness of member BD is 16 mm, deter-


mine (a) the average shearing stress in the 12-mm-diameter pin at /?, (b) the
bearing stress at B in member BD,

Use -Pork AS o. pr-t^. WooCy ,

cH t)5H B = o •

X“
o4e - (o'S) i 4) o
E - irfcA/
4 icH
±,IFX - o
I £ 8,^ o
+ = - £
e* * 5*^a/ *-

OIF^'O: % - to tH
-
B =• /e/ + sy - + Z' - 7*^?/ £aj

(cO S'fv'ess in p^y\ 6

W
Z
A fj
; k lf(0'C/l) *rltZ«Jx f0 /v)

7
mi - JL
Ajba
,
'

// 3«-/ X/<J~6
- Mm*
(kill s4rcss cJt B.
j
3
6-
^ B _ 7>P x/o
4-0>
(0*0/2.)(C>’0/6

Proprietary Material. ©
2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. AH rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
0 . ) .

1.27 For the assembly and loading of Prob. determine (a) the average shearing
Problem 1.27 1 .7,

stress in the pin at B> (b) the average bearing stress at B in member BD (c) the f

average bear! ng stress at B in member ABCL knowing lhat th ismgrnberhasal O .* SO-


mm uniform rectangular cross section.
1.7 Each of the four vertical links has an 8 x 36-mro uniform rectangular cross
section and each of the four pins has a 16-mm diameter. Determine the maximum
value of the average normal stress in the links connecting {a) points B and D, ( b
2 m points C and E
^0
Use ABC as a -free body.
20

-OMS 0.0*10

A 8 c
Y Fsd i
= or (o.<?¥o)f* d “(£?.o;s-+o.wo)(;^/o 3 ) - o
3
F eo - 32 .S * /o N

(&•) Ske'ct^ pin a'f B. 'd - — — -Pov“ dotA/e sbe&^ t


f
^A jj

‘5
wU« A -
f-d
2'
= (0.0)6 )
z
=- ?Ol .06 k/o
3
32.5 x 1

Sas,/o‘ ^ = S 0 . 8 MP«-
6
(b) Bgfltvnn^: iPmk BD . A - d£ - fO.0/6)f0.O0&)s- S28v/o‘
6
Sfe - lic.^6 ^ 10 ($1* 127.0 MPa.-

>
Cc ) 6<g.<a.^th<^ 110 A8C ed~ B «

-4 i
k- dt ~ (o.oic)(o.o/o) - /CO *io
Fbo _ 3?. 5 x /o 3
A I60 x/o'*
:?C>3 x )0
6
q ^ 2 D3 HP*

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
Proprietary Material. <D 2009
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
L28 Link AB ol width h - 50 mm
and thickness t ~ 6 mm, is used to support the
Problem 128 ,

end of a horizontal beam. Knowing that the average normal stress in the
link is -1 40
qach, pf Uve two. pins i.$. 80 MBa,-
dcteimine («) the diameter d oi the pins, ( b ) the average bearing stress in the link.

A 13 i s iv^v c.o^p^e.ssf^n.

A- bt SO ^\yy\ ckss\ 0 t*
A ~ ( 0 ,O$o)(c>.&06 )r 3oo*\d c ^
P-~<5'A- ~ £~ IHO XiO^CZoO* )0~‘)
= *+2 x i o% N

fW -Bie Ap-4' d*' O.J ~ ~—


p ,vsj
A _ P «x|0^
- 6
_
^ K/ °
_ c
^
%

r go*/o &
t*) D ! co« e4 ev^ d .
r ?. SSjT xi a vv>

d - ^5:^ v.

4-3, */o a
XI 1*10 pe4
CxsTsS Xo. O'J G )
6* ^7
fe
*“ 1 H?c_

Proprietary Material. <£>2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. AH rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
Problem 1 .29 1.29 The 5.6-kN load P is supported by two wooden members of uni-
form cross section that are joined by the simple glued scarf splice shown. De-
termine the normal and shearing stresses in the glued splice.

p r (t> 11-7*1 e - 90° -4>o' - 30°

1
( e>< I2{?)C<3‘ 0'7 s) 75 yio ^ In'

P cos^Q _ 7 3o°)
6 =
-3
/V *?< £7.5 Xio

P SjjaJIQ ( 6^2-7 si^6o°


2.K 5 '>
(2X f-575'y/o
£

Problem 1 .30 1.30 Two wooden members of uniform cross section are joined by the
simple scarf splice shown. Knowing that the maximum allowable tensile stress
in the glued splice is 525 kPa, determine (a) the largest load P that can be
safely supported, ( b ) the corresponding tensile stress in the splive.

- I L
Ao ~ (o* US ) t° f>) = X/J M
9 - 9o° - £o° - 3o°

S * P CoS 7 ©
Ko

(a) P -
C-Ci* © CoS* 3c>°

p -St K <76 ( do 5£ 2-} s< h (Co°


~%A 0 CO£ 9«i7ry/^^
T- 0 £<? J

Proprietary Material. ® 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. AH rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual Course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
t= sco k?<^
Problem 1 .33 03 A centric load P is applied to the granite block shown. Knowing
that the resulting -maximum value t>fthe shearing stress in the block is 17 MPa,
determine (a) the magnitude of P, (b) the orientation of the surface on which
the maximum shearing stress occurs, (c) the normal stress exerted on the sur-
maximum
face, (d) the value of the normal stress in the block.

Aa =(0 'IS)(o>IS)xo*ovi& n n
0“ psPet* e. of

CCL) X
L - -) A |p|= f(A 0 = (Z)(o*oz.tS
-
1 i>S kk<
(b) sin %9 s } 19 *• *10° © = ^5“°

- P _ 5
Co f
L iiir %
», f __z 7 t.S't/ot mA”"*®
2Ao ~ 2. l 0 0 H >) ~
C.O i ^ro “ "17
A„ '

p
Ao
.


7£>ry/o _ -34 m A*
6*0 2.1-5

Problem 1.34 1,34 A 960-kN load P is applied to the granite block shown. Determine
the resulting maximum value of (a) the normal stress, (b) the shearing stress. Spec-
ify the orientation of the plane on which each of these maximum values occurs.

2-

A* O-OZIS
6* P t
& -
-*?kt>Xfc
Coi © ..... £•
- 4— COS - a. /*/£> c
A*
0*3 fevisj'^e. s4res& ^ O of © — *70°

cuo*>~p >^-5 5 |Ve. s-fv'-e vS - 4.Z* 7 MA —


oct 0=0
Cb) v = JL. -
-j *
-2
^ Co>
yip
o%%9)
— Ol°3 M Pq
„ -*

4 0= VS*

Proprietary Material. ©
2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
Problem 1.35 1.35 A steel pipe of 400-mm outer diameter is fabricated from 0-mmdhtck plate by ]

welding along a helix forms an angle of 20° with a plane perpendicular to the
that
axisofthe pipe. Knowing that the maximum a lowab e normal and shea Hiig stresses
1 I

in the directions respectively normal and tangential to the weld are a = 60 MPa and r
- 36 MPa, determine the magnitude P of the largest axial force that can be applied to
the pipe.

~ o.hoo m rQ - f <d 0 - o.too ™


Vi= V0 ~t * 0.200 - o.mo = O.iqo hn

A
A0 - Tr (x*- PA) ~ T(o, 7odl-~o. t c>o )
S
\Z 2S xr/a' m*-

BaseJ |<3Ti= 6o MPa: 6* = £ CoS


2
(9

Apg (12.25; fp
6 '

2SZXIO-* N
Cos * & Cos 1 20°"
o» Vt\ = 30 MPa ”2T - ,

si’*\ .7©

2<9 s>'Vi Ho p
WV - N

VaJW is -Ht« eJ^PowjesJJe va/efe of 'P, P = S 33 kW **a

1 .36 A steel pipe of 400-mm outer diameter is


fabricated from ! O-mm-thick plate by
Problem 1.36
welding along a helix that forms an angle of 20° with a plane perpendicular to the
axis of the pipe. Knowing that a 300-kN axial force P is applied to the pipe,
determine the normal and shearing stresses in directions respectively normal and
tangential to the weld.

~ 200
do - O.'ioo^ Vo * 2 do b.

Vl - lPo-t ~ 0.700 _ 0.0 to = 0.(^0.


x %
A0 ~ ir(r0 - vS) = v (o. 2 oo - o. /90 V)
^ rz.zs *io~ s

Q ~ Zo°
rr- P . -30ox{ o5 cos*JZd>*
6 1 8 .

77 ~T£a?w5=*
s
--2I.GX lb P* S'*' 21-^ MPa -*
3
= X?- 5fn = -r30p x/o SM /
/'o°

:-7. S7 x/o‘ •£ = 7.37 MPa. ^


Proprietary Material. © 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
Proprietary Material. €> 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
Problem 1 .40 1.40 The horizontal link BC is 6 mm thick, has a width w = 30 mm,
and is made gf a steel with a 450-MPa ultimate streitgth in tension v What

Problem 1.41 1*41 The horizontal link BC is 6 mm thick and is made of a steel with
a 450-MPa ultimate strength in tension. What should be the width w of the link
if the structure shown is to be designed to support a load P = 32 kN with a
factor of safety equal to 3?

(©Stos 3o“) —(o'*f-S’s'^3 c> ~ 0


Fw - **7.7 FM
~ - Ek
Aa«
. F*«_
tw
-

&
TTS.

_ (F. s^Fm _

vJ ~ 0> Cboltf h*

^ io 0 c fv\ >n

Proprietary Material. €> 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights rescued. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
Proprietary Material. €>2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form nr by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using il without permission.
. . . C

Problem 1 .43 I *43 The two wooden members shown, which support a 1 6-kN load, are joined by-

plywood splices fully glued on the surfaces in contact. The ultimate shearing stress in
the glue is 2.5 MPa and the clearance between the members is 6 mm, Determine the
required length 1, of each splice if a factor of safety of 2.75 is to be achieved.
i(i kN 125 mm

IFcx d. e\ lo? aV-eo. y-a 0 •fv&v»5»ni i 2 kK;

ot js Uqqy
haa P,OOlCt

2 ktJ - 2*lo s b)

R ecjuirecJ oJj~iw\a t«.


t
P0 - (F.S.)P - (3.7S’)(B*lO ) 77*\0 N

\ 2 'f”rJ JW 4 i->
o\ (2a cl.

Po 77*lo :

?0 - TuA - i; i * i--
(2.SxlO e-)(o.\2S)
10.P*lO nrs

.3
Letoj-fk 1 spi*i 'c.e; L - 2.Q + C - ( 2.V. 70 .H )+ 0.00 r o.l46&*(d »v,

L *“ 1 46 » 8 v

1.44 For the joint and loading ofProb. .43, determine the factor of safety, knowing
Problem 1.44 1

that the length of each splice is L~ 1 80 mm.

1.43 The two wooden members shown, which support a 16-kN load, are joined by
plywood splices fully glued on the surfaces in contact. Die ultimate shearing stress in
1 6 kN 125 mm the glue is 2.5 MPa and the clearance between the members is 6 mm. Determine the
required length L of each splice if a factor of safety of 2.75 is to be achieved.

\ keve ave 4- sepavo.-te cu/ccls oT


of <*1j<

tr a, oV\ r d s.
Poe. tx<sea
(Xisc o. KusT
pad -fa^cuA si^T S
of S^SCa.v- loa.J

3
¥ = 2 VN - g*lo N
Levg+li of s>pP>’c< L.~ 7.1 4 C. wkev»e P - /?«v'«y4A t>"<4 c. —

cP eora-Mce l - f[(L- c) = TC°' (SO -O.OOG) - 0.017 m


"3
A 27S*
'

of a Poe
W
- J^w - t 0 08
. 7 'l(< 3 . 12 b') = ID. fo hrt

4
D 2 i too eT e. 7oa <4 , R,
" To A - ( ^SVlO^/o.STS'Wo' ) = ?7JS7Sxlos N
27. tg7SWQ 3
F actor of F-5. - 2. HO
g X Os /
/ )

Problem 1.45 Three 8 -nun-diameter steel bolls are to be used to attach the sleej plate shown
1 .45 \

wooden beam. Knowing that the plate will


to a support a 1 10-kN load and that the
Jtimate sheari tig $|ress fpr the stee used $ 360 1 j M Pa* dctenniug the fee tor .ofsafety....
for (his design.

For ecceA A ~ ^ d
Z
-
^ Os)’’
c
-
*
ZS'i.m ^
~ 25*1. H7 *lO' 1*1

* At -
t
(2SH.H7 x/0‘ )(3So x lo & )

=• Co^ x /o 3 N
c
1 10 kN Fo<r tte ikr ee boJfSj Po ~ (.3 )( f/. &C>2 x (C?
= ^7f-Wx/o 3 W
peoT® ** of Scope 4y ,

tr c _ JPo_ 27Ltx(Q*
•" ' F.S.- 2.5o
P Iiph,o»

1.46 Three steel bolts are to be used to attacli the steel plate shown to a wooden
Problem 1.46
beam. Knowing that the plate will support a 1 10 kN load, that the ultimate shearing
stress for the steel used is 360 MPa, and that a factor of safety of 3,35 is desired,
determine the required diameter of the bolts.

For \>Jf.J P- ^ 3
- 3£-£67 kV

Pu - (Rs.)P - (5.35 )(3C. CC7 > ~ 172.3$ kV

_ *Pu Py . HEl
tcT
PPo /NYmga xjo^)
.1 10 kN
4 TT ^
_
*7 tt(3&ov o 6 ')

d = /?O.S min

Proprietary Material. © 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw>Hitl for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
l

L47 A load P is supported as shown by a steel pin that has been inserted in a short
Problem 1 .47 wooden member hanging from the ceiling. The ultimate strength of the wood used
is 60 MPa in tension and 7.5 MPa inshear, while the ultimate strength ofthe steel is

145 MPa in shear. Knowing that 6-40 mm, c ~ 55 mm, and d - 12 mm, determine
the load P if an overall factor of safety of 3.2 is desired.

L4S For the support of Prob. 1 .47, knowing of the pin is d ** 16


that the diameter
mm and that the magnitude of the load P-
20 kN, detennine (a) the factor of
is

safety for the pin, (b) the required values of b and c if the factor of safety for the
wooden members is die same as that found in part a for the pin.

p 5 30 kN = 20*1 o’ N t

(a) P^: A* * f (a °tti r 06*10 »

Double X ~
^ ti -
G c
p0 = zA%> s (.Z)(zoUix/d )(lHS*lo )

= S3. 336*10* N
pc - iff .-33 £ x /Q
_ ,gg..336xfo _ « ..
Kb.
R5. = - sa " 2.V.
-
p *oxjo
ZO*IQ
(b) Tension i vi - '£>%.33£nfO* W -Po/* <? F.S.

<5
*
= -Sl. ~ ^ ,
vAere W
YJ r ^0 wtn *
« O.OVOi-h
°° A W(b“<5/)
k J s$. 336 *10 Ho .3
D -
“ JEa
* 4 \N6u = 0.016 + zt x io fa
( 0 0 H 0 )( 6 O*tQ*)
.

k = Ho. B »*»*

SbeA*' Pii - vFS. 336* JO W -Po^ vSct»»>6 KS.

PooUe ske^' qckcX curec*. is A - WC.


Pu . Pv
2A awe
c- - ™£i_ - ” 77.? *fo‘
5
M
2 w t. (?Xo.avo)(7.s'Wo‘)
C = ?7. 2

Proprietary Material. ©
2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual maybe displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
Proprietary Material. © 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc, Ail rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
s

Problem 1 .49 1 .49 Each of the two vertical links CF connecting the two horizontal members AD

and EG has a IQ * 40-mra uniform rectangular cross section and is made of a steel
with an ultimate strength in tension of 400 MPa, while each of the pins at C and F
has a 20-mm diameter and is made of a steel with an ultimate strength in shear of 150
MPa. Determine the overall factor of safety for the links CF and the pins connecting
them to the horizontal members.

Use member fsFG <x»

rCP
6fi
1 JO
p? — _ OAo
kN
?)IH 6 = o
o.4o FtP ~(o. q>s)(m*\o ) *
1
o
Fc>
,
* * io* N

BeXJUsd O'A fir. ks CF


C
A = (k~ d ) t - (O.ovo - O.OZ)Co.O(o) - 20o X IO~ mv (Wi.nlf)

F0 -2S*U A* J0 e )(2oo ) r 160,0 * /o 3 N

c?(o d<?ohj}fs sheat* m pm


z C

A - ~~(o.ozo) = 314.16 x/oT vv,'


* f
c
F* * 2. 4A * CL)(lSO*t&)(3IH.I& *io~ ) =• m.ZHSxio 3,
N
Mi**? Fj U s**JJer y**J*e> U Fw * ?¥.**« */©
3
W

F«t<>4 6^ of s efe-fy F S. -
Fo ‘Fi-W */Q
3
~ 2 * a ^o —
FCP ' 3^ rf/O*

Proprietary Material. O
2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. AH rights reserved No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
Problem 1.50 I. SO Solve Prob. 1 .49, assuming that the pins at C and F have been replaced by pins
with a 30 min diameter.

1.49 Each of the two vertical links CF connecting the two horizontal members AD
and EG has a uniform rectangular cross section 10 mm thick and 40 mm wide, and
is made of a steel with an ultimate strength in tension of 400 MPa. The pins at C and
250 mm / each have a 20 mm diameter and are made of a vSteel with an ultimate strength in

shear of 1 50 MPa. Determine the overall factor of safety for the links O' and the pins
400 mm connecting them to the horizontal members.

250 ram

Use Member £TFG as b &Jy m

I £>Z M E = o:

24 kN O
Fc F » 21 kN

bs/
\>\j -few=n’c n $ i \A jcs c F% C *2. y jP i \n fcs)

2
We'V -pov i vk T A- Cb-c$)£ - x/o^M

Fj - 2A 6^ = (Z){4**X*0*)(jtoofi,f*) -Uokti

FctT^c/vre by in pfnS*

A ~ eF “ {o ,e> = X/e^ tn z
^ -
2]

&
)^So^uo b ') - 1^.22 kN
,

Fa ~ Ih'ta ~ (.2)0/^NiXto

FkeFr\jG<.J} i*o«,<4 is -Ha-s s\rv,tdU*<?Y \Jo>.j?ue . Fu ~


Fq __£^Z£
Fft^Tov' of .S<*-fe.4y i F.S. - ^*42
FCP ’

Proprietary Material. ©2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
A § ^ j *

1.51 Each of the steel links AB and CD is connected to a support and to member
Problem 1.51
... BCE by25 -nrm-di ametcr steelpinsactm^ insi n&l sshmrK^
shearing stress is 21 0 MPa for the steel used in the pins and that the ultimate normal
stress is 490 MPa for the steel used in the links, determine the allowable load P if an
overall factor of safety of 3.0 is desired. (Note that the links are not reinforced
around the pin holes.)

Use wew fee i/' BCE a. s 4"ve-e. bexJy,

-*3^;h 8 = o : o-z -^75"p - o

Fct>' 1
& c
p- — r eo

6
t .
M ;
±) 2 Mc - O : o $ f^ 8 - o
C £
h*' r
p- Se;b

go-a J iV> ks n* Som€ d p i pi d \<x wa c*x\A vYudre.\f'i*-$


TKev^e ^flney "Ht-e Sfitht-e. u^+Zm^fe.
z
R^ikurt. by pfn ik sbe^r m A= IJd*- $**zr) =4w*1xio h*

b
Fy = ‘t'yA - {z<oxio M4 ‘to. 9 't l ;
(’')
* {OZ'Ol kN
! 2
Feti Jlvr*
'
by te*>Si’oM |V» $ir\k+ A “(jb — et ) t~ (O'OS— 0'Dl5 )o-6lz.'s $X<0 to

Fy - 61 ~C^x//)^K/F 4 ) = \hl kN

Off $o*A ~f~o <r J> A'Tte/ p/Vj IS *fl\€ •

\r0 - lolrOl kN
f\J0JPouj cybJle \J&Jo'es Fx q #

p — F * 9
kN
r«// "
FTS fc
“ rvo
3.o
fiSJoujiJhJe Jo cd fo^ sf r- OcJ~ov^z is fC 3 ©P |F^
3 c^<5^
J:

p =
?- li W A/y

Proprietary Material. ©
2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, loe. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
.

Problem 1.52 LS2 An alternative design is being considered to support member BCE of Prob.
1.51, in which link CD will be replaced by two links, each of 6*50-min cross
ii
g tli e p ji S- at
i i C
and /} to be i n doubl e shear. Assu m i ng -that all other
mm specifications remain unchanged, determine the allowable load P if an overall

1. M
50

IIH
h -

"
V
:

^f§|P

NI
Id I V
factor

1-51
of' sa fetv o f 3 ,0 is desired

Each of the steel links AB and CD is connected to a support and to member


1 1
m \ BCE by 25'tnm-dia meter steel pins acting in single shear. Knowing that the
V ultimate shearing 210 MPa for the steel used in the pins and that the
.stress is
|| C h
ultimate normal stress 490 MPa for the steel used in the links, determine the
is

allowable load P if an overall factor of safety of 3.0 is desired. (Note that the links
Hi ,4

are not reinforced around the pin holes.)

I'*
*
-<
450 nun » ^
B CB
.

300 mm Use oe/' a.S


t
body*
I

p +2> 2iM e -o: 0 -i Fc.o- 0 7s .


p -o
% — e
\
o
P-it
- o
]
c = : 0.3 P* B - o^sr p
*
r _
-
a,
3
c
*>0

A^e«- o4 <yj$ jOi'rt.5 J Afi


~ :
(0‘OZSrf r 496.1 yjo^fn1
|
Nd- seckv» of A<a: /„**» Us-JHa® -(pos-o^zs)^!^
N<vf Scott#* 2? J\vks CT> Is #

jP^>-rxL ky A c* nj S m 3iV\«s|^e s * ff>xe)u ~ 'Kr Af><*»

(Fa*) u -(.Z/tfX/o*)(*?*‘9x/<r*) = 103 . £*/

V-otijP-u^e by kevA 5/ on in .Ptuk A8 ,


~ <f\, Aneh
(F>U)u ~(.49ox/c6)(3)(/o-*}* (47 ku
li-f’-tiivwi.te $aa,J iV<ok a.*J pi'/vs AS is He i»vi&^evrr(p^ 8^ c> -/oi.oj fi/y

Cov-v'e.^yS® n <sft n<^ O-^-biiivt


o = ^ &B*75 f^N.
j

VociJov^t. loy p/K$ c ck\A.Jl in 5 lve«^» ( R. »\ - 2 /KAp:>\


FIJ 0 - C2X#*w**) C**-9 x« *) = 206
(
• tg kN
\ra,iJ!o\r*. by +evis«*ov* i*t A-oks CD* (FU)y- 6
(FcoL- 61^ Awl
Awet >

(FtcOy = (Mox/p^fayuo' 4) - 74-7 *A7

OJPt~«V*wf<e 9oux$ 'Pot'" 5 cufle/ JO IM5 CD I is , ( titOy " /^7 AT/

u^fiWAfe )o<dl Po “ J(F^ d )(/ - *8'B ZAJ

P^xAvaJ? uAf-J <5 ‘f^K2 SwdWzS* Pq ~ S8-8 AT/

\jli pyoA^^O- ^c>uA Pt f>r /?•/. AA/ ^


1.53 in the steel structure shown, a 6~mm~diameter pin is used at C and lQ-mni-
Problem 1 .53 diameter pins are used at B and D The . ultimate shearing stress is 1 50 MPa at all
nn j ion s* a nd the ul ti mate n orma ! s tress i s 4 GO MPa i n it nk B0: K; nowi n g tha t
factor of safety of 3.0 is desired, determine the largest load P that can he applied at A.
Note that link BD is not reinforced around the pin holes.

Use 'Pt'-ee voA^ ABC.

mm +5tM t = O :

0 2S&
. p - 0.120 - O
p _ JL tr O')

O^M s =0:
0. !&£> P - 0.120 C = o
P - f c OO

Te 5 tV «« o « net~ Se T of i«.U tSO.

& , «
Pax. - <5 A„,f •=
P7"
F.s.
A„,f

LtQ
(..
l
.|.*. .P. )(6 V ro~*)( iS-KOpO^
3
£. */o N
jVi
p t V\ S 0 D.
to *
a 050*/0 4
fm = 'U Api A *
FS.
x^ * 1
3. X?
7
of Feo IS /o w.

Fro- (0 P- ($)(3; tn?o*!cf ) LG%3*loz N

fn pjn x^f C.

&§ 2~){T?;)(6*t6')
l
1 l ~ .*.$*?* wo 4 N
C - 27rAp.'. - - (2) (

Fo- fe
-

) “P - ) ~ \ eA M

S™tJ$ es- of *P t.S "P r i.C$3 * lO fJ

P« U83 kM
o c

1.54 Solve Prob. 1.53, assuming that the structure has been redesigned to use 12*
Problem 1.54
mm-diameler pins at B and D and no other change lias been made.
: s r !
1

*'ll=»53 "”Fn” CRS ^stSel' '^tr uicit'iLitfe"sK6 Vvttij"' lit iaitietijt '
jiiii Vi istij^ed till T? arid 1 0 “i^rh"*
'

diameter pins are used at B and /X The ultimate shearing stress is 150 MPa at all

connections, and the ultimate normal stress is 400 MPa in link BD. Knowing that a
factor of safety of 3.0 is desired, determine the largest load V that can be applied at A.
Note that link BO is not reinforced around the pin holes.

Use IWe body


i
ASC.

6 mm OIM, ~ O ~

0.280 P - 0.120 Feo = O


P *4^ cn

OIH e - o*.

O.l^a P - o.iZo C. - o
P - fC CO

P& o * Oh neA SecAiv* Ji jh+lt BD.


G PgD ' S' A nj A„v
-
it? tt _ /4oo *
jpY"
\ 3
.j3
•)(Gyi6 Xi8-i^X/o'^)
t

t 'ZL

- 4.$o * jo3 |V

S k e cm 1 wv
»*
*$ cd S a^d D,
p

Pgo r r’Ap;, ? -lL-iL^ *(-


F,S.
M

i/'&X'e of Fg D >'s

W\ 0
J
P = (fV4.go
Skg^yi in pm of c.

C - IX’Af., “
f 3
**’
" ( ^p^ ~) (4*
) (4 y fo"
3
Tr ?. 8 ^ 7 M>;o
3
U
%
F^~ 60 P -
(fX ? *^7fx/c»* ) - 1.1 Z»to N
Viifje <T P i’s X 6*1$ «/ A\j}* v& JG/ e . P^ ;?.<5<W0
3
N/

P* £06 ifjJ
1.56 In an alternative design for the structure of Prob. .55, a pin of 10-mm-diameter
Problem 1 .56 1

is to be used at A Assuming
. that all other specifications remain unchanged,
.ifan,py.e.ralIfaetor of safety of 3.0 .is..desired^«-.^.
1.55 In the structure shown, an 8-mm-diameterpin is used at A\ and 12-mrn-diameter
B and D Knowing that the ultimate shearing stress is 00 MPa at all
pins are used at .
1

connections and that the ultimate normal stress is 250 MPa in each of the two links
joining B and D, determine the allowable load P if an overall factor of safety of 3,0 is
Top view desired.

8 mm
r . . .I
| j

T" • Sta+Ycs *
Use ABC as . fv*ee body.

20 mm IV

+)iM ( O. 2 o pA - o. P = o
Front view
Side view
P« ‘w Fa

o: 0. 2o FBp - 0.38 p =: o

Based ow double »«* pi* A.


1 &
A-tM* - f(o.od$) = 7£.sr*f «lcT
c>
pA (g)f loox/O^Xy^*^ y/o~ )
*rZ3$v;o
~
3
M
PS. 3.o
1
P = 4f Fa - 102 X/O N

Based ow dooUe sbeci^ «n pi*$ 13 <3*^ D-


-66 -L

A - ^ ^ ( 0 .OIP )
1
sr M3, lo */o‘ M
R. =^A s ^) 0o p i /p!)(»J3Jo>;c>
-6
)
=T c 4y
~ T.Sq v/O
j rt
»
N
- 3.97 */o 3 M
Based o* COKoptr^essioM m J?i*ks 8D*
*
Fov> o«e fink A = ( o*ox,o ^(o. oo 8) =: Ko^/o
F0O =
-T&r
;o X/CT -
B «.7 vx/0
2G.7
S
/0 ^ ^
= a
Ff I^d - t4. o*f > jo Ai

AfPo*,aUe Value of P is A 3.17 yIQ* ft

P - 3.77 kid
)

Problem 1.57 *1,57 A 40-kg platform is attached to the end B of a 50-kg wooden beam AB, which
is supported as shown by a pin at A and by a slender steel rod BC with a 12-kN
ultimate load, (a) Using the Load and Resistance Factor Design method with a
resistance factor 0.90 and load factors yo = 1 .25 and yL =1.6, determine the
<j>
**

largest load that can be safely placed on the platform. ( b ) What is the corresponding
conventional factor of safety for rod BC1

-- o: U.'Ofp - 2.1 - /.J Vj


t-e>^ cl etxei jPoa W, - (4o Ml. 2 1 - 372.4 N
7 ^ r (£o )( 9.% ) l - 4 9o.SM

% “ (§X 372.4) *{£ >(430.0 * LOG2.2 x N


For -PiVe .Poa -w; = mg X, = 0

PL -
-J-
m3 -pi"CM fK) = Ji.
4
cr> o* .

rP pD 4 r pu
L = <ppo
*)
pL - ^ - TaPs __ (p.7oKiavio») -

- £.920*10* N

(pO ovJcJaJle. HoolJ, HO = ? —7^ tv* = Uqj


° ¥.81

C C>r> V/e.fcV’f r 0*t CLy? ^ClcAo^ scckely


3
P " Ti+PL - l.^gy/o' 5
4 S,92Px)c? = 6-7S3*/o N
CQ F. S. = AP =
4.783 *10 3
— IS
1.71?
F.S.= 1.7

Proprietary Material. €) 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. AH rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
Problem 1 .58 *1*58 The Loadand Resistance factor Designmethod is...to beiisedtc)
select the two cables and lower a platform supporting two win-
that will raise
dow washers. The platform weighs 72 kg and each of the window washers is
assumed to weigh 88 kg with equipment, Since these workers are free to move
on the platform, 75% of their total weight and the weight of tlieir equipment
will be used as the design live load of each cable, {a) Assuming a resistance
factor (j)— 0.85 and load factors yt> — 1.2 and y L — 1.5, determine the re-
quired minimum ultimate load of one cable, (b) What is the conventional fac-
tor of safety for the selected cables?

t*p0 + rL p L = <? p0
pu r XPo + TuB.

0 .xX^ 7 a)
o.&s
-2‘ 78

Coh fl £>n O.Q -pA-cf o/ of Safe 4 y

P = P0 + pt - 4. 74 * ojs-x z* H Ibfrbj - !* k M.

KS— -
[7
'
_
- p-
Pl»
'
7m ^ --
n

Proprietary Material. <D 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
Problem 1 .59

Proprietary Material. © 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies* loc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual maybe displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
Problem 1 .60 1*60 Two horizontal 20 kN forces are applied to pin B of the assembly
shown. Knowing that a pin of 20 mm diameter is used at each connection, de-
ter nitric the maximum value of the average normal stress (a) in link AB~ (b) iri
link BC

Use Jom+ S 4Vee boJy

4*0 led

4-0 tAt'

potr-ct "hruetv^le
L<*k> of S m es

-f*»- - 4-o
Fes
Si^ is* Si'i 6cr sfri C
ZT
FAo - 2 JLa/ R*. = 34-'$ M
L i*k AS * ct be*'

MinttmO* Se<*h'o* oct pi’* And ~ (O' 0 4£-Ch0l)(0'0iz) z JoOYio


"
(a.) S-ftress ;« A8 6ab - Jttif- - 44-7 to A?
rWt" 2 o-o 't/o~ b

Unk BC IS

Cross Ztcbion^J cure* is A - Cf>*e>4-S) Caioll)'^4-OY.io


<c>
fy^

Oo) Stoeui* BC <5ee = r -tt't-MP*


ra
A £40Y/o'*

Proprietary Material* © 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Ail rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced* or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-HiU for their individual course preparation, A student using this manual is using it without permission.
Problem 1 .61 1 .61 For the assembly and loading of Prob, 1 .60, determine (a) the av-
erage shearing stress in the pin at C, (b) the average bearing stress at C in mem-
her BCr {c) the average bearing .jtrm at B in

1.60 Two horizontal 20-kN forces are applied to pin B of the assembly
shown. Knowing that a pin of 20-mm diameter is used at each connection, de-
termine the maximum value of the average normal stress (a) in link AB ( b ) in ,

link BC .

45 min
20 kN
20 kN
Use 8 os tVee. \>o&y»
45 mm

M/

(.an/ o$ Sines
F„ F« 40
_ Ffts
r ^'77
siw 5iw GO®

~
to.) SKe^tV^ s4^ess in p<V. *J_C *

AP = { W 1 ~
Zi4*il>tnto'
1-

't- £*-2> Mf>*

(b) Begtr-tnoj g-fy^ess C m SC 61- Fe.


A
7-
A - td - {fZ%ZO )
r 24o fn*

~ -3*112—- - (4.4'nsxio b 6* M/>«


h & b »
2/fOY.l o~

<s4r~g5S cil B »h BC „ «i = ^
A = 2tcl = 4Zo fnm 7-

$4T1o & = 7z-4-Mfi


6L - - 72-437tO (5;
4^0 V/o"r 6

Proprietary Material. €> 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
Problem 1.62 L62 Two wooden planks, each 22 mm thick and 160 mm wide, are joined by the
glued mortise joint shown. Knowing that the joint will fail when the average shearing
:
stress in the glue reaches 820. kPa, determine the smallest allowable length J of the
cuts if the joint is to withstand an axial load of magnitude P- 7.6 kN.

Se^jert iu^-foccs cAf/y "Hie

P = IX UhJ * 7X yto3-

'Let t* 22

Eazl ciS'e a. »s h- dt
IX* Id 3
- L3 * lQ
~3
^
iv '

3
= U 324 Oi *lo
A - wo* 60. ? kv>>«

Proprietary Material. © 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed reproduced, or
distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using tins manual is using it without permission.
1.63 The hydraulic cylinder CF which partially controls the position of rod DE has
Problem 1 .63 S y

been locked in the position shown. Member BD is 15 mm thick and is connected to


the ^
determine {a) the average shearing stress in the bolt, ( b ) the bearing stress at C in
member BD.

Use Meeker 3CD <xs o. tVee


tto+e AB Ts. ot "ftt/o -Wee-

P * 2 kW
(2, cos 75 ) kfJ
a = IS*

MS’
^ (2 S'V. 7S°)kU
45 rnm
7oS
F * A
*.0
t.

Le*vj-R> of v* AB_
J, 2£2. rr
+ 4i"
J» A8 = -/*oo*
- J?0<5T MW

t)IM c =0: (f~ F, a Vlooc tJS ^)-(-^-F^ 6 )0^ v,aoO s


3l

a
-(2eo*7 £°)(ns- s;»10 ) -C2s;«7£ )(ns sosZO") =
a

ki«£C F„-34S.ee8 - 0 Fas = H.WV* kti

o ~ 0.3*717 kN
+ IF>=0^ C* 2soslS = 0 Cx

riZFy = 0 : C, - fg “ Zs* 7£ ° s ° Cy - 5. c n%X kV

&t.cuX\ oy\ cJf C • C r ”j / Cyt + Cy C s


S. 9 860 Itft

(a )
1

SVi s~fress >V> Csi^-^g slre.*!.^ )

Ai ,<r tH*-- f (o.ooif = G3.£l7*lo‘ ^


C 5 lg 6C> £ 2* -
- - . 1
^q^O^vID
4
r-- tv.i MPa.
Au*- G3.U7*lO c
B e.cL'r 1 v
\
^
s'tiT'es s Jk C iv\ Bn
-
6
Aw = dt - (O.OO7)(0.OI5) - I3S */© *,*

4 6
6:= v 4
- 4H.3Myfo f\ 6^- 4H.ZMPcl -*
fc
Ab ISS^vfo- *

Proprietary Material. 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
©
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
Problem 1.64 1.64 The hydraulic cylinder CF, which partially controls the position of rod DE has ,

been locked in the position shown. Link AB has a uniform rectangular cross section
of 1 2 25 mm and is connected at B to member BP by an S^mm^diameter pin.
Knowing that the maximum allowable average shearing stress in the pin is 140 MPa,
175 min'"
determine (a) the largest force P which may be applied at E when 6 ~ 60°, (b) the
corresponding bearing stress at B in link AB, (c) the corresponding maximum value
of the normal stress in link AB .

Use BCD as a. 4v-ee <x*A


vioFe AB ("s. a. ~h*^o -Fo/ce r^ei^ibei^.

P CoS <aO°
P-- f
0 = 60
Ps.* 60°
Lev\ o^P Ae*

2 o£
C
- Zo&, '

O HM c- O .* F^)(loo c.os’ZO°)
-(jjf-
s.'w 2o°)

— ( P c»s 40 7 i>" s 2^ ) — ( P Si « (i .0 )( I 75 cos ^ ) — O

BH-. 1695 Fac, *“ 172.34/4 P = Q Fa „ * 2.04 7 5" P

A ,Pt?fr-gA f, PiV. *_4 A s its s^iecc'c,


1
’/i s If d*' = ^(o.OO&) - SO.ZQSS’^ld""' wA

74 - No WO 6 Pa
« 2.04 75?
l 4oy, °
‘ ~
So.2C^>lo~ a
P = 3.4 370X/C? A 1
3.44 M ^
Oo"> Be ^ci'Kij shcsn zA. ^ ia, AB - 12. n«w.
-6
A k » dt ~ (O.oo2 )(o.oiz) r q&x/o wA
FAa » (2.0475 )(3.43?S-WO s ) - 7.0Z%3V/O
z
W
c— — F&<1 _ 7.03 83 WO” - _ _ O 6

^ A7 - qt. V.IO-
__
73. 3 WO Pc i -~i
Sb = 73.3 HP&. <*i

(C) pi tx >< \ O K-\ Y\Q'r' w^e^jl 5S m Am ^ A3 . b“ 25 0‘O ? \ IVIW


c
A. e+ ~(b-d')(t') - (0.025-^.^08X0.012,^ - 20 H^ lo'
9>
-
Io°wo^ = ^34.5-MR,
J~
Proprietary Material. © 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Alt rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
Problem 1 .66

Proprietary Material <0 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies* Inc. AH rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
1.67 A steel plate 10 mm thick is embedded in a horizontal concrete slab and is used
Problem 1 .67 to anchor a high-strength vertical cable as shown. The diameter of the hole in the
piatejs ,24, mm, the ultimate strength of the steel used is 250 MPa^ a
bonding stress between plate and concrete i s 2. 1 MPa, Knowi ng that a factor of safety
of 3.60 is desired when P = 1 8 kN, determine (a) the required width a of the plate,
(b) the minimum depth b to which a plate of that width should be embedded in the
concrete slab. (Neglect the normal stresses between the concrete and the lower end of
the plate.)

10 in in I $ kW (ct) Boused ov\ I +U. fj „

4 A * (cx-ct)t

Pu r SI A
Po
F* s *'
F * ?
So/yy $0^ Ctj
3
C3.&OK1 Sx/0 )
a~ oU o.g*h +
ZS&yio^Xo.oto)

a- O.OM'VR 2.
^
(b) ojAmS Vi&dy' Ibe'fwfeev'i p$ct4e

A ~ " C'Z&.J 2 1^) b ~ (2.1*10 'Pa.

Po- -To A - 2To(<x+t)b F.S. - “•


l (KS.) F (3.fep)£<8*/o 3 )
s o 0 >/>«3 pO
I
.

J 2dfA^t)Z0 O.Oito)(2. f >lo 6 J

b- o. w. b = 25 1 Yrt+sy

Proprietary Material. © 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. AH rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in any
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation, A student using this manual is using it without permission.
^

Problem 1 .68 1.68 The two portions of member AB are glued together along a plane
forming an angle 0 with the horizontal. Knowing that the ultimate stress for
the glued joint is 1 7 MPa in tension and 9 MPa in shear, detennine the rapge
of values of 0 for which the factor of safety of the members is at least 3.0.

-:*l ~ CO‘OS)(0>0%) - o - GO IS

P - to k.*4 P0 - (F.5)P * £o khi


BolScJ Ova Peuv? j fe
PT -
'O/z -
B*
T" Co -s
2-
&
2
a - §u - (nvo^to.oott,) ~
_ °
Pu
Cos O - 9 - <22-6° Q % 2 2 <0 *

f3 ASff o* ^s^***^^ sfir<W 'to


9 5,v* 0 ws 0 ~ SiVj

slV . ^ - 2A„r.,
Pu
=
t*-)fr.oo/s)^x>o*
3o *1 o 3
- O' 1

20 - 64'/^’ 0 - 32. ( 5 2< /

He-wr* 22 '
52

Problem 1 .69 1 .69 The two portions of member AH are glued together along a plane
forming an angle 9 with the horizontal. Knowing that the ultimate stress for
the glued joint is 17 MPa in tension and 9 MPa in shear, determine (a) the
value of 6 for which the factor of safety of the member is maximum, ( b) the
corresponding value of the factor of safety. (Hint: Equate the expressions ob-
tained for the factors of safety with respect to normal stress and shear.)

- *
Ao (oioS)to 0$) ~ 6 O O S • ‘
I hr)

Af opj-u cxna/Je (RS.^g* r (F*S.)ir


fi

-
6~ c*s
2
O D - g'o Ao
- Jj"

50 mm CESX - SuAo
V Pwi 0 !

sfv>e<55 "t ~ s i * 0 cos © Hz f — y;

(F.^.V = ^ P © Cx>S ©
^ P coj
- TkAe.
P$t*& cos
—6 ^

s *-P'' ;
''a
:
fill +«-
«T® -- +<i^ © =
' *
. JY =- 0-S~i
/7 0'fj9 c
l (a) 6^-3 7-
i f l~7 \* . . A«/ /" \

Pu fl = 33 is
<fc)
c“ s ^ i7 -
ios 2-7-1 r ES
.

.
fcN
,V. 3.Z*
Problem 1 .70 L70 A force P is applied as shown to a steel reinforcing bar that has been embedded
in a block of concrete. Determine the smallest length L for which the full allowable
normal be developed. Express the result in terms of the diameter
stress in the bar can
d of the bar, the allowable normal stress (Xan in the steel, and the average allowable
bond stress r3 n between the concrete and the cylindrical surface of the bar. (Neglect
the normal stresses between the concrete and the end of the bar.)

FW ske&y'j A - udL
F = A * rut TTof-U

A - 4, d
P ’ 6^A = J')

fr<J \J*
“/ I XafirJL ~
61# ^ d*

Soit/iV'S T©/ L.

U-,«
v Slip d /V 7lJU

Proprietary Material. © 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Alt rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
2

PROBLEM LC1 1.0 A solid steel rod consisting of n cylindrical elements welded together is

subjected to the loading shown. The diameter of element i is denoted by dl and the
load applied to its lower end by P., with the magnitude P. of this load being assumed
positive if P. is directed downward as shown and negative otherwise, (a) Write a
Element n computer program to determine the average stress in each element of the rod. (b) Use
this program to solve Probs. 1 2 and 1.4,

SOLUTION

fORc£ /ft'-gt.fAjgNT l ;

It (5 the sutA of the forces applied


~ho that element and all lou/er ones:

t - 2.
k-t

AVER&G E STRESS (H ELZ^NT L :

Area - A;
if
'
nd":
l
Avc stress = —
Al
PROGRh M OUTPUTS

Problem 1 . Problem 1.4


Element Stress (MPa) Element Stress (MPa)

1 0 /- 4&7 1 2Si5f
2 -i9‘/o8 2 4-2‘44/

Proprietary Material. ©2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of (he publisher, or used beyond (he limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using tins manual is using it without permission.
.

PROBLEM 1.C2
LC2 A 20-kN load is applied as shown to the horizontal member ABC Member
has a 10 x5G^mm uniform rectangular cross section and is supported by four
vertical links,each of 8 x 36-mm uniform rectangular cross section. Each of the
four pins at A y B, C, and D has the same diameter d and is in double shear, (a)
Write a computer program to calculate for values of d from 10 to 30 mm, using
1-mm increments, (1) the maximum value of the average normal stress in the links
connecting pins B and D(2) the average normal stress in the links connecting pins
,

C and £, (3) the average shearing stress in pin B> (4) the average shearing stress in
pin C, (5) the average bearing stress at B m
member ABC, (6) the average bearing
stress at C inmember ABC , (b) Check your program by comparing the values
obtained for d ~ 16 mm with the answers given for Probs. 1.7 and 1.27. (c) Use
this program of the diameter d of the pins, knowing
to find the permissible values
that the allowable values of the normal, shearing, and bearing stresses for the steel
used are, respectively 1 50 MPa, 90 MPa, and 230 MPa. (d) Solve part c, assuming
that the thickness of member ABC has been reduced from 10 to 8 mm.

SOLUTION

FORCES in links FB ,2>IA&Rfi M or A3C


20 kN
* 2 Ffo (&Q- P(i\ C)~-0

H-B
FBt> - p (A Q/Z (B C) (TENSION)

0,25 — O.q- m 2 Fcl (BC.) -?(&£)= O


FC£ - P(BB)fZ(Bt) Cco/AP.)

(V urn c c
Thickness -
1 ^CC
pfel
k— *4
- “ fct/Acz
(k) Pin r.

% = r&pA^uyfj % = A /(^A)
(S) SEhWCr SrRta &TB SMTTTJJlC srfltts LtLABr
Thickness of Plonker AC-t^c under Eld b
~AC Uc (^A C /<?)
B~ CBj> /( & £ \

(6)
ZE = 0 : 2 (s= 2 Km>
stress at- g
2
$>$&e«rr
A6ac /~gj?

: FCi-/(jitA) &C < {IAC

(CONTINUED)
— — .

PROBLEM 1.C2 CONTINUED PROGRAM OUTPUTS


INPUT DATA FOR PARTS (a), (b), (c): P = 20 kN, AB = 0.25 m, BC = 0.40 m,
AC = 0.65 m, TL = 8 mm, WL = 36 mm, TAC = 10 mm, WAC = 50 mm

Sigma ED Sigma CE Tau B Tau C SigBear B SigBear C


10.00 78.13 '21.70 79,. 58 125 00 .

IX .00 81.25 -21 70 . 65.77 113 64 .

12.00 84 64. -21.70 55.26 104 17 .

13.00 88.32 -21.70 47,09 96.15


14.00 92 33„ -21,70 40 60 . 89.29
15 00 . 96.73 -21.70 35.37 83.33 /4 \
16 00 101.56 -21.70 31.08 203.12 78.13 (Cy

.

i7Tcrar T0"6T9I -21"; 70 7T759 27T5T“ T9T7T8 73—53*


18.00 112 85„ -21.70 63.86 24.56 180.56 69.44
19.00 119.49 -21.70 57.31 22 04 . 171.05 65.79
20.00 126 95. -21.70 51,73 19.89 162 50 . 62.50
21.00 135.42 -21. 70 46 92 . 18 . 04 154.76 59.52
22.00 145 .09 -21.70 42.75 16.44 147.73 56.82
23.00 -21.70 39 11 . 15.04 141.30 54.35
24.00 -21.70 35,92 13 . 82 135.42 52.08
25.00 -21,70 33 .10 12 . 73 130.00 50.00
26.00 -21 70 . 30.61 11 . 77 125.00 48.08
27.00 -21 70 . 28 38 . 10 . 92 120.37 46 .30
28.00 -21.70 26.39 10.15 116.07 44 64 .

29.00 -21.70 24 60 . 9.46 112 07 . 43.10


30.00 -21 70 . 22.99 8 . 84 108.33 41.67

(c) ANSWER : 16 mm £ d <* 22 mm (C)


CHECK: For d - 22 mm, Tau AC ;
65 MPa < 90 MPa 0,K.

INPUT DATA FOR PART (d): P - 20 kN, AB - 0,25 m, BC - 0.40 m,


AC - 0.65 m, TL - 8 mm, WL - 36 mm, TAC - 8 mm, WAC - 50 mm

Sigma BD Sigma CE Tau B Tau C SigBear B SigBear C


10 00. 78.13 -21.70 79 58 . 156.25
11 00. 81.25 -21.70 65.77 142.05
12 00. 84 .64 -21.70 55.26 130.21
13.00 88.32 -21 70. 47 09 . 120,19
14.00 92.33 -21.70 40.60 111.61
15 00. 96.73 -21.70
16.00 101 56. -21.70 80 .82 31 .08 97 .66
17.00 106.91 -21,70 71 .59 27 .54 '2^8' .srf 91 91
18 00
. 112,85 -21.70 63 .86 24 .56 225 .69 86 81
19.00 119.49 -21.70 57 ,31 22 04 213 .82 82 24
20.00 126.95 -21.70 51 73 19 89 203 .12 78 .13
21.00 135.42 -21.70 46 92 18 04 193 45 74 40
22 00
. 145.09 -21.70 42 75 16 44 184 66 71 02
23.00 -21.70 39 .11 15 04 176 63 67 93
24.00 -21 70. 35 . . 92 13 82
.. 16 9,.27 65 . 10
25.00 -21.70 33 .10
. 12 .73
, 162 .50 . 62,,50
26.00 -21.70 30,.61 11 ,77 156,.25 60, 10,

27 00
. -21.70 28 , 38 10.,92 150 ,46 , 57,,87
28.00 -21.70 26 , ,39 10 ,15
. 145 .09 . 55,.80
29.00 -21,70 24 . .60 9 ,46
, 140 .09 , 53 86..

3 0.00 -21 70. 22 . .99 8.,84 135,,42 52 .08


,

(d) ANSWER : 1 8 mm d <, <. 22 mm (d)


CHECK: For d- 22 mm, Tau AC MPa <90 MPa
=
81.25 O K.
U

PROBLEM 1.C3
1.C3 Two horizontal 20 kN forces are applied to pin B of the assembly
shown. Each of the three pins at Ay B, and C has the same diameter d andLis-,,-
in double shear, (a) Write a computer program to calculate for values of d from
12.5 mm to 37.5 mm, using 1.25-mm increments, (1) the maximum value of
the average normal stress in member A#, (2) the average normal stress in
member BC , (3) the average shearing stress in pin A, (4) the average shearing
pin C, (5) the average bearing stress at A in member A
strexss in (6) the average
bearing stress at C in member BC (7) the average bearing stress at B in member
,

BC. (b) Check your program by comparing the values obtained for d- 20 mm
with the answers given for Probs. 1.60 and 1.61. (c) Use thisprogram to find
the permissible values of the diameter d of the pins, knowing that the
allowable values of the normal, and bearing stresses for the
shearing,
steel used are, respectively, 150 MPa, 90 MPa, and 250 MPa. (d) Solve part c,
assuming that a new design is being investigated in which the thickness
and width of the two members are changed, respectively, from 12.5 to 8 mm
and from 45 mm to 60 mm.

SOLUTION

EOKLLl U± MEMBERS AB AND BC


From force triangle-
Free boj>y% Pins
FflB _ ^BO 3__JLfL-
$11)60* Gfn75°

F rr lP(5mH.SYs)n 7r)
= 2F (?'<* io’/sih 75°)
( /WX. AVg. SrffESS 1A/AB (z) PWE. !_N &£,

aX 1% b Width - w-t
y y
CPy(F
Fhic.khe.'b*
(w~ d) t
AB -

(3) PIN/ A (p) P(N C


z l
th =r, 6 A)/(nd A) rc ^fF£c /2)/(rdA)
(5) BEARING STRESS PrA (a) bearing stress dLC

Si% Bear ft ~ Fw/dk St$ Bear C " FgQ /ett

(7) S TRRFk wr &


//VMgMB£J? BC
Sig Q*ay £ " FBc / 2 cLl

(CONTINUED)
/

PROBLEM I.C3 CONTINUED PROGRAM OUTPUTS

INPUT DATA FOR PARTS (a), (b), (c): P ^ t = Zr*\<*


I

D Sic,/t£ 7a WA IfilUC S/&AP6>C S / (% E,k o, />

fy\ An A'7 As MPa /V7/V, A'! Pa MPa MPa MPa


r%-s 77* 65/ bS7 ''izs-svy' iSj-AZb lei- Plo izl-b7l

n-s c
U‘llb - ip- b»7 bSS7£ & 0* f zc iV-+'.Xfh> i7t>- fez 2 .

%o tec ~ bftr b$7 SO'lo<j bl'¥jO itb-iPsr 1 5 77 n- Hz 4+~-(b)

i7>s f+7- xti ~~


6 6 f 7 lb. 5 bo 11,51.1+ 9/. 77* I/Z-37S Si, 2 o 1
,

37S 35>*467 [
££7 T7-2Pt> 11-773 <7A i $2-72% 7I.HI

Cc)AtJ SHOP,: }7'5mm < d S l-IS/vo.

INPUT DATA FOR PART (d): P = 24> L N w =6 (>Hm


D $i 6A& ±t6»Bc TAMA TfitlC sf/6B£A & t C,PPc SfCSPR
fa An (a Fa mPo, M Pa MPe, M Pc, MPa MPa
I2S -$SMS7 ilSsp-j ISl- 710 334-447 UlZilQ 2-0 b> 0 1+

76 /0 X ‘ / X6 -$SU7 So. 2c-°> it - 7*10 3- 1 0 si ( 2H-M1 Ilf* 111

IS / Zc?‘ /£ i? ~#SSj7 ? i * /Si .VJ-W7 IbP-ZZ l lob- ck<i 10 l. o% z

H-IS !7L-}cS -fsfrl >o "i z£> /# 7 a+-si7 lb7'tS2 jr2> +1%

MS i Pb- C)77 ~$S.?s 7 |4‘ 17- 4-4 3 ni, up <3 7- Mb b S - kQ k-

(^) A'A/.j ^ Zl » 2 T)« m£ £.1 fr i i


r l2

O 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies* Inc. AH rights reserved. No pari of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
Proprietary Material.
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the imiied distribution to teachers
distributed in 1

and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
— c

PROBLEM 1.C4
LC4 A 16 kN force P forming an angle a with the vertical is applied
as shown to member which is supported by a pin and bracket at € and

by a cable BD forming an angle /3 with the horizontal, (a) Knowing that the
ultimate load of the cable 100 kN, write a computer program to construct a
is

table of the values of the factor of safety of the cable for values of a and ft
from 0 to 45°, using increments in a and ft corresponding to 0.1 increments in
375 mm tan a and tan ( b ) Check that for any given value of a the maximum value
of the factor of safety is obtained for ft “ 38.66° and explain why. (c) De-
termine the smallest possible value of the factor of safety for p “ 38.66°, as
well as the corresponding value of a, and explain the result obtained.

SOLUTION

(°) DR A uf £ 8, 0_F A8c:


F + M •= D:(p5‘inG()(27£toM)+(PcoJ>Q^(j£0to»i)
A
- (Fcosp)fe 7£ Mh1 )^(F5in ~Q
.1 3
ll£ fotv)

F- p ft)S\Y)0( + 30 C65X
JC ^ 4f0 tor*- IS cot (i + tZ 5/n^
ioo M M
F.s,= FUt/F
Output for dUM EuitT loA. £a/. \/
VALUES OF FS
BETA
0 5.71 11.31 16 70 21.80 26.56 30
. .96 34.99 38.66 41.99 45.00
ALPHA
O.QOO 3.125 3.358 3.555 3.712 3.830 3.913 3.966 3.994 4.002 3 995 3 977
. .

5.711 2.991 3.214 3.402 3.552 3.666 3,745 3,796 3.823 3.830 3.824 3.807
11.310 2.897 3.113 3 295 3.441 3.551
> 3.628 3,677 3.703 3.710 3.704 3.687
16.699 2.837 3.049 3.227 3.370 3.477 3.553 3.600 3.626 3.633 3.627 3.611
-21.801 2 .80S 3.014 3,190 3 331 3.438
. 3.512 3.560 3.585 3.592 3.586 3,570
2.795 3.004 3.179 3.320 3.426 3.500 3.547 3.572 3.579 3.573 3.5581
30.964 2.803 3.013 3 189 3.330 3.436
. 3.510 3 .558 3.583 $.590 3.584 T7568
34.992 2.826 3.036 3.214 3.356 3.463 3.538 3.586 3.611 3.619 3.612 3.596
38.660 2.859 3.072 3.252 3.395 3.503 3.579 3.628 3.653 3.661 3.655 3.638
41.987 2.899 3.116 3.298 3.444 3,554 3.631 3,680 3.706 3.713 3.707 3.690
45.000 2 . 946 3.166 3.351 3.499 3.611 3.689 3.739 3.765 3.773 3.767 3.750

tc«
(b)Whtnp* 38.6i; fan/l - O, 8 and cable
J
BJO is pecj^en qicu/at
.
,

to the lever arm Be,


(c) P 5. - 3.579 for (Y - Z6-6 P is perpendicular fa f he.
lever ott-hn f\

NOTiz:
The. value, F. $. "3.57? is ike smallest &f va lu es of 7fS. the
Corresponding to fi ~ 8 663 ,
°
Ortd the largest 0 f those
6*
corresponding to OC- 26, t
The. point CX-Zb.F, pS ~ 38, b (f
P a. Saddle point \ Of "ffliriimax" oi the function
'

PROBLEM LC5
1.C5 A load P is supported as shown by two wooden members of uni-
forni rectangular cross section that are joined by a simple glued scarf splice.
(a) Denoting by a(J and rlx respectively, the ultimate strength of the joint in
,

tension and in shear, write a computer program which, for given values of a ,

Ik f\ iT v and tu? and for values of a from 5 to 85° at 5° intervals, can be used
to calculate (1) the normal stress in the joint, (2) the shearing stress in the joint,

(3) the factor of safety relative to failure in tension, (4) the factor of safety rel-
ative to failure in shear, (5) the overall factor of safety for the glued joint, (b)
Apply this program, using the dimensions and loading of the members of Probs.
^
mm
f
'
*!

1.29 and 1,31, knowing that <tv — 1.26 MPa and Ty ™ 1.50 MPa for the glue
used in Prob. 1.29, and that — 1.03 MPa and Ty = 1.47 MPa for the glue
used in Prob. 1 .31. (c) Verify in each of these two cases that the shearing stress
is maximum for a = 45°.

SOLUTION

(f)and( 2) Draw ih* F-B.cU a® ^a,»i of lower mem be r:


Ul
yn
MaT V + Pcos^= O
-VrPcos V - Pcc6 cy
V-Pces
- 0; F ~ P-5 <n (X - o f
P =
- Ps m
Fs )n of 1

Area, - cl b/Sin of

Norm/ stress
^ c - ~
Area.
;

- fp/aby
y
SheAr ;n
s S ?re«
.
<£.
s (?/a t>)s)WcasO<
O f-F-for tension (norny^l
FSN - CTy /O'

Or) F 5. For $ hear y


fS5 - ^,/P
CF) OVtQAMl. F 5 .
*

^ - The s_mg Her of f~sH c md F5S>

(CONTINUED)
O 3

PROBLEM 1.C5 CONTINUED

Pf?OOrf?/)M OUTPUTS
Problem 1.31
a - 150 mm
b - 75 mm
P - 11 kN
SIGU = 1.26 MPa
TAUU = 1.50 MPa

ALPHA SIG (MPa) TAU {MPa) FSN FSS FS

5 .007 .085 169.644 17.669 17.669


10 .029 .167 42.736 8.971 8.971
15 .065 .244 19.237 6.136 6.136
20 .114 .314 11.016 4.773 4.773
25 .175 .375 7.215 4.005 4.005
30 .244 .423 5.155 3.543 3.543
35 .322 .459 3.917 3.265 3.265
40 .404 .481 3.119 3.116 3.116
45 .489 .489 2.577 3.068 2.577 *9 (b) j(c)
50 .574 .481 2.196 3.116 2.196
55 .656 .459 1.920 3.265 1.920
60 .733 .423 1.718 3.543 1.718
65 .803 .375 1.569 4.005 1.569
70 .863 .314 1.459 4.773 1.459
75 .912 .244 1.381 6.136 1.381
80 .948 .167 1.329 8.971 1.329
85 .970 .085 1.298 17.669 1.298

Problem 1.29
a * /X S /n /vi

b - 7S MM
P = £ Coo ts!

1
SIGU - t-oSM
TAUU = hS M Ai

SiC, C'kfi*) Taw (k Pc\ J PS A/ PSS PS


3" c) % r 6* liE 3- 6> Ao ft A Ao
£>
,2-ii' 57 a ..X ft

c c
:x£ nb * b i p. )°ift c' °i it 6

3 2.6* U9 32/- 76*1 A'Srft-b l ' A 1 If

6c X+P) o*C‘ 2. /
<-L A* lAl

p r 64 ft ' ft b ft ts.ft 11 / ' 6/7 xb- a oft h b 1 7

Proprietary Material. O 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
0 T i

PROBLEM 1.C6
LC6 Member ABC is supported by a pin and bracket at A and by two
linksy which are pin-connected to the member at B and to a fixed support at i>; (a)
Write a computer program to calculate the allowable load Pan for any given values
of (1) the diameter d\ of the pin at A , (2) the common diameter d of the pins at B
and D y (3) the ultimate normal stress ay in each of the two links, (4) the ultimate
shearing stress m in each of the three pins, (5) the desired overall factor of safety
Top view FS, Your program should also indicate which of the following three stresses is
critical: the normal stress in the links, the shearing stress in the pin at A, or the
-200 min ISO min-i
8 mm ^
-

12 mm shearing stress in the pins at B and D ,


and c) Check your program by using the
(b
i_
1 data of Probs. 1 .55 and 1.56, respectively, and comparing the answers obtained for
r Paii with those given in the text, (d) Use your program to determine the allowable

8
r
mm T load /^i, as well as which of the stresses is critical, when d\ = di ~ 15 mm, ay =
110 MP for aluminum links, ru ~ 100 MPa for steel pins, and F.S.- 3,2.

SOLUTION
(a) OF ABC:

8 mm-
- 8 mm ® r x2QO/n A = 0 :

WD
p~ y
1.2 mm -> =0 *

Side view

^ LzlsIssp d-i el ftsAi f zpu /rs)(rrd*/*), p too


180
*
CD F3^z (% /FS^dlfr),

(h) ^C-V 1
1 . sfany
in

dLplte:
/.nfcs BD- Z(Pv(t$)(0M){QAif§ > p = Spo
%° ^
is the smaller of p rtnA P
P) £hf desj/ed overall PS„ 1 P^ is fhe smaller- of P^ <xn/ P^
If < Pty , Stress is Crlfica) ih fihks
If Ptf <p a and P,< P stress is Critical m pin f\
lf P<f < p3 'W ?!<?,, Stress !5 critical in pin? SB £>
.PPflfeffi)P\ OUTPUTS
(&) Prop. 1.53 . Mm:d -drnXrl2‘M f
J %=2'joMPa,?^= f00^FapS,-3,O
Pa [[zr S,1 Z LN. Stress in pit, Ps is criticaj
(C) JPrdb,j.W 7jm: d,-IOm 4 ~] Z nip ~
o 250 M?a, v- l0oMPd. ) FS.r3,d
P*//- 3.J7kN., 3 and D is critical ^
Stress in pins
<d) MJAi d =dz t
~ /Smm^-ilOMPa, P MPa 3.Z -/<?<»
,

^ F,1 9
f~a(t * krl , Stress } n hr>ks is critical
Chapter 2
Problem 2.1
2.1 Two gage marks are placed exactly 250 mm
apart on a 12-mm-dtameter
aluminum rod. Knowing that, with an axial load of 6000 N acting on the rod, the

of the aluminum used in the rod.

s = LL = L - to “ 25"0. IS - ZSO.OQ = O. la
Q O. 18 wr'**

£ ~ <3.000 7^
-fc
-C
A = ~if d ~ ~ W'b.O 77 ki»vi l
|7>_o77 x/o tv,

p _ 6ooo
6~ = - S3.oS2.x /o
6,
Pa
£ = --
S3 0S '
*^J
O.oool^
~ = '
\0* Pa £* 73.1 6-£au
B

Problem 2.2 2.2 A polystyrene rod of length 300 mm and diameter 12 mm is sub-
jected to a 3-kN tensile load. Knowing that E= 3.1 GPa, determine (a) the
elongation of the rod, (b) the normal stress in the rod.

A -
(1.
cP -
= X
If (j>-6\z)
X
- M-Uto* M'
-b

e r - C*0°0 )(*>*} - 2-6 h»r>


(to - 0.002*67 h £ -at)
AF (//3-/X/0-fe )O/X/0*)

d) <$*- « - zb-szr p*. «sa


tlS-IX/D-b

23 A 60-m-!ong steel wire is subjected to 6 kN tensile force. Knowing that E -


Problem 2.3
200 GPa and that the length of the rod increases by 48 mm, determine (**) the
smallest diameter that may be selected for the wire, (b) the corresponding normal
stress.

s
P - Gxlo3 N S = HS * /cT ^ F - 2ooxfo* pA
% \Co)
PL C £* \o
- 37.5 * /0" c
A ES (20O*l£>* )(A$ X |0 _v) ,

fi

= r _/ C4)C&?.S*lo' ) -s
(a) A d ~ TT
ij
*1 V TT
- 6.7 X /O I ho et - <£.7/ v«**i

cr
o r £ -

<S x fcA
* /G0x/0
4
P* O'* /6o.oHPa-^
A 37.5" *70

2.4 A 9-m length of 6 mm-diamcter steel wire is to be used in a hanger.


Problem. 2.4 It is noted that the wire stretches 1J mm when a tensile force P is applied.
Knowing that K — 200 GPa, determine ( a ) the magnitude of the force P,

L’ ?« (6) the corresponding normal stress in the wire

A--

^ §= £k p- AiJL ){.*>•*!*) ~ £‘<11 U/


(Z0<SY,t<fl)( Oe oH )
(V>> <S - £s - -j~~*
— 7

Problem 2.5 2.5 A cast-iron tube is used to support a compressive load. Knowing that E = 69
GPa and that the maximum allowable change in length is 0.025 %, determine («)
the maximum normal stress in the tube, (/>) the minimum wall thickness for a load
of 7.2 kN if the outside diameter of the lube is 50 mm.

E '
- Q°i * £9 * IP Pa.

£* f , o.oooa^
c
(cO 6“ r ££ V (Cq^\O q Yo.OOOZs') - n.7Sy)O 6" = 17.25 MP«,

(V) ^ -
-r
A
A
~ = £
er
=
\~7. ^S'x io 4
” ^17.39^/0^^ = AI7.39
'
^
1-
A - %Uo'-ek') J/- SO

S: ~ 9 H.'ZGQ

t - 2. &z

Problem 2.6 2,6 A control rod made of yellow brass must not stretch more than 3 mm when the
tension in the wire is 4 kN. Knowing that E~ 105 GPa and that the maximum
allowable normal stress is 1 80 MPa, determine (o) the smallest diameter that can be
selected for the rod, ( h ) the corresponding maximum length of the rod.

e- P Hxlo^ <i
*3
a = 22. 222.*(o'
A § -
ISO x lo‘

- T CiJ 2 -
32 xjcT
1
A - Lf 5. vvi

c\ — S'. 3)2 niwi

Obi S
% = PL
A * ^
1
_ AES nr-.

<f X t
o"

L = L7-5C>

Problem 2.7 2.7 Twogage marks are placed exactly 250 apart on a 12-mm- mm
diameter aluminum rod with E — 73 GPa and ultimate strength of 140 MPa. m
Knowing that the distance between the gage marks is 250.28 after a load mm
E - 73 *10* P* is applied, determine (a) the stress in the rod, (/?) the factor of safety.

S = 26' 0.22 -250.00 0.28 CX ZS * tc> m


-*
j_^
— O * 25*0 5/
-

JO
V
wi

s
M Pa. ^
s r- - Cr MJL ~ (73*/t>*)fo.g&*/p~ ) _ 81. 7£ */o€ Pa
,
(<*.) O * £ -
?So 8/. 8

/t \
(W p- _ &V.
- _
H ox/O
F3.
e;
-
6 2^74* lo 6
__
- I
I- U2
"/
1.712 1

Proprietary Material. ©
2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc, Ail rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
0

Problem 2.8 2.8 An 80-m-long wire of 5-mm diameter is made of a steel with E - 200 GPa and
an ultimate tensile strength of 400 MPa. If a factor of safety of 3.2 is desired,
determine («) the largest allowable tension in the wire, (b) the corresponding
elongation of the wire,

(J’y
~ <
400*10 Pa. rv - if c* - «t
~ 11.63^^.'* IVS^/eT*^
ss
p0 - 6^A - 5^xlO' )
- 785^ K)

Po 785 <f - 2^5


N kti
PS. s.a

(U 5
5 r -B.L . r c
— — 50,. 0 x JO
-4

A£ (\1J£3S*lO- )(?oo*lO*)
^ — <SO„ O wiw

Problem 2.9 2.9 A block of 250-mm length and 50 x 40 mm cross section Is to support a centric
compressive load P. The material to be used is a bronze for which E ~ 95 GPa.
Determine the largest load which can be applied, knowing that the normal stress
must not exceed 80 MPa and that the decrease in .length of the block should be at
($<*)&<>)* 7000 most 0,12% of its original length.
A -

- 2.xlo”*
c
~ qsxio'* ?a.
<
50 r go M pa. 86 ^ 10 E

Co * 1 Q,J)% Ov/tt^A*.. £>4r'«.SS *0

S s a
6~~ ^ ps A<$-“ ( 2 x/o' )( 80 x/0 ) - / 6 o*/o N
Com 5i(/eri'ri«i e>J} 0*3 a. ii/e. tjz »

^
^
A£ P~ AE(^) ~ )(?£*/ C^X^-OCMl) - 222*zo 3 Ki

T"iie 'Ja.Jlo<z P~ I6 d)x/C2 fvj 'prr 160.0 UU

2.10 1.5-m-long aluminum rod must not stretch more than 1 mm and
A the normal
Problem 2.10 must not exceed 40 MPa when the rod is subjected to a 3-kN
stress axial load.
Knowing that E ~ 70 GPa, determine the required diameter of the rod.

L - 1.5

5 ~ I V 1 6T * 140 y(oc -p*.


^
E = no* to*' Va.
j
"P= 3W0 5
^

75 v,o-‘^= 75'
_Sixiil* S' - A'f *
TFl?-'-
0 fitoCw <. f I tJ • . £k

pa ^ fexjo^X i.s) = £4, 1*4 C
A PS (jOvlQ'Yj y/O" 5
* lO £ m hn
)

yf+diSQ a? A • A ~ 7JT

A ~ -q- C?l J* <?/77 ^


7

2.11 An aluminum control rod must stretch 2 mm when a 2-kN tensile

Problem 2.11 load is applied to it. Knowing that cra ,r


“ 154 MPa and E — 70 GPa,
determine the smallest diameter and shortest length which may be selected for
the rod.

P-* 2 kbl $ Mf*

A SL _ - t2'iB7 mm 1
fz-'jejT
4. = Jt'67
tt

xi o*
O'V
_
Problem 2.12
5^ /5*X/0*

2J2 A
=

square aluminum bar should not stretch more than 1.4


U.V -

mm when it is
*>

subjected to a tensile load. Knowing that £^7G GPa and that the allowable tensile
strength is 120 MPa, determine (a) the maximum allowable length of the pipe, (&)
the required dimensions of the cross-section if the tensile load is 28 kN.
6" 10
i2o x JO4 P*
E - 7ox /O 9 Pa. % = I.*# x/o' 1 *->

w S * PL _ GL L - —- - (7Ox/O*)(,.tfx /Q~
3 ")
o.2 n
6” jsto-K/o^
L“ S 1

A _ 23* fp ‘
=
A 'iwx jo c 233. 333 x/o 2S3.-SS3

A - CL JJT ~ CL- 151 38 l*iwi

Problem 2.13 2.13 Rod BD is made of steel {E — 200 GPa) and is used to brace the
axiallycompressed member ABC The maximum force that can be developed
.

in member BD is 0.02P. If the stress must not exceed 126 MPa and the max-

P = 520 kN imum change in length of BD must not exceed 0.001 times the length of ABC,
determine the smallest-diameter rod that can be used for member BD.

reD - 0.02 P a i0.02.)(XX0'\ */*• kN

S’f’/'ts S t 6"

_
e
fto
- .

1.8 m
’T A-fc- = ?*W A,* 1
j
Co*0i*f<y det’o* '** <Tt
-

_ F*>L*
cr
3 _ ‘
-

Ha ’ W'5 h>*\ 1
fie £S
Isttrqe*- • A ~ f4‘Stntny '

A= ^d l , ds Jf Mm
Problem 2.14 2.14 The 4~mm-diameter cable BC i$ made of a steel with E ~ 200 GPa. Knowing
that the maximum stress in the cable must not exceed 190 MPa and that the

applied as shown.

*"~
ec ~
55
L ^*iT 7^ ^ 1
1 ! wt

Us<? lo &y A <^s <x -fVee i c>ody+

'PXH/j = ° 3.S P - (5)iz~™ Fbc) = °


P s O.^SOI Pg,.

£-or\ $i J a.$J?'o*j f>. la $ <z1^0* 10 6


StT-ess I “ "Ps
x c 1
’p.Oo^Y' ~ U.£66x/o~ m
*

A = $«| t Zf

q- - £&« 6 “
.*.
F^ ~ <5* A - (i •?«> xio^Oz.sg^ x jo )

ConSt J xjiPo'O <v4-A?


e C * /cf * ^
Ji4A c w
&
AjsS a (ll.566>'io )C Z oc> r l O^X -G Xfa3 ) 3
c* * Ssjdife A - _ v/O fJ
O’
Af Lac 7. 2. 1 If

S wv* i**W 'J<\)ue_ e^O'/-e,SA $ ^ R,- 2,c?7/x(o 3 N


p; O.^sm F 6£: t (O. <75*07 ^(2. 071 *|o* ) * I. <Tf$3>'lO
i
M p- ».*»S« kN -*sft

Problem 2.15 3-mm-fhick hollow polystyrene cylinder (£ — 3 GPa) and a


2.15 A
rigid circular plate (only part of which is shown) are used to support a
250-m.m~Iong steel rod AB (E = 200 GPa) of 6 diameter. If an 3.2 kN mm
load P is applied at B, determine (a) the elongation of rod AB, (b) the deflec-
lion of point B t (c) the average normal stress in rod AB,

AB: P^-32-oobf L A8 *4#*£m cJ = £m/»


b
A a„ - * Z(o'0t>6)*- -ZS.rn io

m s.. - S*^
bw A*e
«“»><-“>
tec>oK{cP)(2g'Z7xto
. -a.,4,5 „;v,
)

WJ9ou> cyf;»Je r: do *0‘05'>» J-?(o'oS'(°'*w4~ 0 '°


A * $U?~JY) r = *3

L p r«)3.(J0 K/

p/ c&i*»*O(o»03,? _ _
e Lk r i - rzO’O 7z.aXfe> fc»
a?c
^ (Zxi0*\ )(c>' 0004-q-i)

(t') Difti^ref »o« o"T poi’-vt =>8 ~ ^l»e *


7f
*U-

(c) S4vess i* v''^ AB _ zAna 33-C>Ci

2-0.27 X/O
4 I

The specimen shown is made from a 24-mm-diameter cylindrical


2.16
Problem 2.16 steelrod with two 36-mm-outer-diameter sleeves bonded to the rod as shown.
Knowing that £ == 200 GPa, determine (a) the load P so that the total MWz
36 mm diameter mation is 0.04 mm, ( b ) the corresponding deformation of the central portion
BC.
24 mm diameter
36 mm diameter <*> s - 2 :^. = £*£
P*
L/»m djMvn
48 mmj

48 u IQI 7-9 0-04-7 14

EC 72 24 4-52-4 0-154 (S'

CD 48 54 lot 7-7 O' 0411

0-25*41 -

- lbsb2-ntf N P » £hl> mm
p H?

w Su = jtt fc \ 03
v ' g ~o>ozs *'*' '***

Problem 2.17 2J7 Two solid cylindrical rods are joined at B and loaded as shown. Rod AB is

made of steel (E * 200 GPa) and rod BC of brass (1? » 105 GPa). Determine (a)
the total deformation of the composite rod ABC (6) the deflection of point B .

r - 30 kN
,

| Rod AS
fiS -
* PAa - P ~
- - 3 o«io N
A
|_
Aa r O.^O^i EVS = 200*10* &Pti
— — 30 mm
-* 4 1
250 mm A = ^(30}* = 706.35^ - 70&.8SX /o' w,

40 kN
e -
6
£«Aa 0 id- )

= -Sl.OSlxld*
300 mm
BC * Fpr * 3o + Ho * 7o kW * 7ox/o’ N
L&, - Eac- i°^ x ^ P*
A fit =fW r 9S35 xiC*"^
1.9S3SX1C
-

c
a,L
_
~
Fbc Ug „
~
_ (70X10*1(0.^
( i os 71 d
- - I0L Si 1
! xlo”
6
m
Total olet-ovy^ cdt^r ” Sas + r ~ v*\ - »v»w>
(ct^

t\P) Pet J?ecA ioKi op poiVd B. §g r ~ 0. | O ^ IrvUYl V


2.18 For the composite rod of Prob. 2.17, determine (a) the load P for which the
Problem 2.18
totaldeformation of the rod is *0,2 mm, ( b) the corresponding deflection of point B.

IP - 30 kN
2J7 Two solid cylindrical rods are joined at B and loaded as shown. Rod AB is
made of steel (B =* 200 GPa) md rod BC of brass (E ~ 105 GPa), Determine (a)
the total deformation of the composite rod ABC , (6) the deflection of point B ,

“30 mm
250 mm Rod A8 •

40 kN ~ O. ZSOv~ 200X/0 1
La& - Pc,

Aab ?(3oV^ Wp ~ 106 u %£y/0~


C

300 mm -50 mm
% - Fa& _ PCo.siSol
^AS
) C70&.9S*10~*)

f.*7G34| p

PoJ ec F,
-ae - - C P +• l
4o*lO% )
t O.ZOO^ £ ac * 10,5V /C^ Pa,
% i
Aec = fCS^'s* t.'UaSVtCJ* = \. iCZ£*ldr
e
W1

)(a. ioo)
J

c - Rie. Lac (p+- Llo-'icr’


~
p I
C UcAQe- (I os X iO‘J )0.*f£3S'* /0- s )
-15 c
- L4^5 13* /O P - ioSx |o“ CO
"
Co) TcP «y~f ton +»+ SftQ + S 9c
o~
“ 6,2. x l
^ - - 1.74 341*1 cf’ P - l.
l
fSS'i3*Jc>''
>

P - SZ.ZeS’* fO~

P - 43,737 *{tf N P* ¥4.0 kW


= -(uMyc^'id X^.'isix/d*) - ss.losx(o~^
tvoM 0^ S5 Rc
:
ec
~ - ~C
m.-aj x io

(b) Delved I'^M of potA-f P> , §3 “ Sg^ Sa ^ O. 12X2 ^ 4>

Proprietary Material. €> 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved- No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation, A student using this manual is using it without permission.
Proprietary Material. © 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
Proprietary Material. €> 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation, A student using this manual is using it without permission.
Problem 2.22

Proprietary Material, © 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Jnc. All rights reserved. No pari of tills Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
* *

Problem 2.23 2,23 Members AB and CD are 30-mm-diameter steel rods, and mem-
bers 5C and A£> are 22-mm-diameter steel rods. When the turnbackle is tight-
ened, the diagonal member AC is put in tension. Knowing that E — 200 GPa,
determine the largest allowable tension in AC so that the deformations in menv
bens AB and CD do not exceed 1.0 mm.

%& - - Into) h-~ f'2tv>

co - " Job'tf X( o

iff* C
aco ~ £e*Ltt)

-| Eficv
£ Apple * *_ C^oo (
x\cfl)('7‘>6>' j:x(0 Ko>o<u)
pCb -
'
'
'
'

Leo
// J>8 kti
Us e toi i C \>q&a

+?ZFyV = o : Ftod -Ji-rAc * O .. r* c - C2i_ F 0 c / F-


j-s t* 2-
ct> i,s
/.
A
*-*A*
* TT ^ H7-$) = W7*2 F

Proprietary Mater lab <D 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Ail rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
Problem 2.24 2.24 For the structure in Prob. 2,23, determine (a) the distance h so that
the deformations in members AB, BC CD
, ,
and AD are equal to 1 mm, ( b ) the
corresponding tension in member 4C. ^
Members AB and CD are 30-mm-diameter steel rods, and mem-
2.23
bers BC and AD are 22-mm-diameter steel rods. When the turnbuckle is tight-
ened, the diagonal member AC is put in tension. Knowing that E ~ 200 GPa
and ~ 1.2 m, determine the largest allowable tension in AC so that the de-
ft

formations in members AB and CD do not exceed mm. 1

(cO S-Va.’Kcs. *
l)*« 3 as «_ -fr-ee body

B pec.
F/O**. J(9<r fr\'tXna$(
~

&SL - F*c
&n F6 ft

*
'h b Lgt

r—
r~ Vi
Tl r—
r 1 Fee. b
* ~ t Fof'c.e Gco^fiiry
“£f

For d'e-foir-Ai oifc’ons

~ •• * .* r
- h. _ Aa&
Far
£ A as FA a® *
T ‘
a;
t*on5 “£>^ Far

Fe
' -
~
—h A>s r
hec JL - A»6 _ o' etta Jab
<-
Aac. F "
A* "
f
'""T
G*U
x-

/r
_ cIab _ b -
offtl Zx- /I

i
, /f l /S' ,
b *
77
fe r l.lXlm

Se4f ~
(k'i S/vb 9

£ 02-z*) {o'oo 0
—p——
*- Rsc b Atsc, ^6° ~ t — (g #
c * *
r~
* 6c ~ T *
) **
— rr

- £4/

F>. * 7 F. t •=
jf (^5 ) - »5-.i

'fk* 4o

z ~
~J R^ 4

Ft?£. Fa« /4v2 r *? £-4/ ***£

Proprietary Material. O
2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Ail rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
Problem 2.25 2.25 Each of the four vertical links connecting the two horizontal members is made
of aluminum (E — 70 GPa) and has a uniform rectangular cross section ofl 0 x 40
mm. For the loading shown, determine the deflection of (a) point £* (6) point F;
(c) point G.

r CS ^ Free, EF &,

yoo miw 1
750 r
1 2^ M kN
kt'

mm + 5 IM f - o :

~(Hoo )(2 - (USo)CxO - O


Fg* --7.S w - -l.S-xto'
1
NJ

of one $ i’ n &Z
+ - 0 '

- (loyqo'j - yoo
(Voo)(?Fcf ) -(G£e>)CM) - o
4(?0 >|0'‘
Fcf - I^.S ku - \%5 * So
1
H
; L * 3oo O.loo
* 3 (70 iva
U. *

fW L &0SS1 . I0-^
- (- 7.S*UX' )t0.1oo)
)6TO\Ayv-i oA f ov\ % ^ , _
FA (7o x* 10^(400
io ‘’X'-Ido x(C> *)

- j‘CP^- _ (l .Syl^)(o.3oo'l
T.Sxfo
£ ‘')( 0 '3oo')
,

„ „
q
" 2o3.93x/o *,
£A x|o )(7t>c>x (o‘ 64 )}
(70 Wo^K'/^HO-

(a) of* j?oiv\'t Em r jjpl 9g ^ t ^


(t>^ DcrF/gg^-ft otA of [-
^ 5p T r SF r 2c^/<™ A>

Lei © b* *He

%S 0 *vk 'J|

c c
SP + Sf 2>Q.1£7*l o r~ 2# &.93 x
+ /£>"
„ ~£- __„ __
- -
——
0. 4<3<=7
= 723.22x10 ^J,'a
a

(c) Defi^gotto^ q-^ j>oi G . S& - Sp + L Fa .


&
S& - SF + L F6 0 - 203.93 */o'' * Co. 7 So\ 17 Z .72
~
339.73 */o"
C
r* Sfi,
= 39 o I ^
2.26 Each of the Jinks AB and CD is made of steel (E ~ 200 GFa) and
Problem 2.26 X 24 mm. Determine the largest
has a uniform rectangular cross section of 6
from point £ if the deflection of E is not to ex-
ceed 0.25 mm.

2(X) mm i‘cs . \oody. BC f,

200 mm m
37-T^a,
p I..
,

| p
-375 mm
250 mm +3^M C r c> tf-^FAa ~**WP r o
Far - l‘ SP
Av^e «<- ffF <1
f*
A (6)lz4 -
1
- /^ + ^IM 6 = o: <?-2 S-
d “O
* Fcd - 2.S P
2b 0 h\tn

L =

_ (l»gP)(M\ r A 0^7
Dc-Po/'iai t ow S .
C- v /0 f
«. r c
Aa PA V^OOX/^X^X/O^
F^L , (3-y).,feL£)
,

- /-73^/ ^ld
8
?
CD
£A (2oaXio^)(/44Ma*)
'8
De-t I'gBi . P«i^4 B . ^8 * £ fi
r /.0*f7 ^| 0 P ^

8
PoiWx'f C . Sc.
r «><. Se “ MS6I */cT P tx

( r s/

2X0M* J M

Sg + Sc /-73^/x/q' 6 P -c

'
L^fJl^jolZ
^-Z-*
4-
„ 0 ., U JI „ lo P
L„.

-8 :

Sg - f>P +• L te <9 - /•Tafe/ w/o p +• (i»


>
i75'X-9-//^^/o‘‘ p) = j“'9«7 H/o Pi,

Li wa i t ( na 'J t kiot Set Sg. r O'Zi! Y. to /*»

L » »vw’ tif n <* v/ci^oe wt P ? S,fioX~J *lo P “ O'ZSmo

P - ^3X ht P = ^4 Aa/
l

2.27 Each of the Jinks AB and CD is made of aluminum (E


~ 75 GPa) and has a
Problem 2.27 cross-sectional area of 1 25 mm2 . Knowing that they support the rigid member BC,
determine the deflection of point X

Ed Use wie*v\ BC ft.s

FV« «- w

i)lM f = o: - (o.CH) Far + (.0.44)65* /o )*


1
o Fa 6
r S-WS*/ o KJ

?)ZM g = o; (CU<0 Fco - C0 2o . X5Wos ) - o Fco - I. SMS *lc? N

Ro/' J?i*k s AB «n»cl CTi A - 1


2-5” w**!

g*8 = E±i r
* fl
„ ,. y = J32.0to x/o"
c
m - S*
£A C73'^lQ
c,
X»2S'x/o" ft
)

~ Fwi-co _ WO a X0-3Q Co.^xjo' 6 ^ =


§ct>
EA '
(.iSxio'Yns'xio' 6
)

'S 6 — Sc _ ?.?.<*> x/tT


SJPope © r
o.cq.

§6 - 112- 5* */o~
c
^
Defo^a-h’ q»\ .
= €©.o©*/o'‘ «- io.wXin-S
~ 4
I D?.5" x/o" m Sc - 0* & ^£~I

Proprietary Material. ©2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
- t

Problem 2.28 2.28 llie length of the 2-mm-diametcr steel wire CD has been adjusted so that
with no load applied, a gap of 1 .5 mm
exists between the end B of the rigid beam
A CB M& cbritacl point K
Knowi^ GPa, determine where a 20-kg
block should be placed on the beam in order to cause contact between B and E>

RiaiJI v'od Ac£r 'HaV'ouM U Olia.* o, ,

e- O.4o
20 kg | B
Poi^i OL knol/GS dO uyv., t*J A .
C
- 0.0% 0 a (O.OSX3.7S' «/o~3 ) T Soo V /d
b -H 0.32 in
0.08 m Sco - Sc - 300 y/O'" (v,

f6V* 3 - 3.NKxid
c
^
£ - 200 *{G* Pol

ptD — .
^ ^CO
^ ^ (^o * ^ O.ZS"
X 300 Wcr £ )
_ ?5j> ^
dse jbea IV\ Ace as a 4W U„ly. - 6t<>X?.SlV / 7 C .2 N

T
M +^2H^oi 0.08 Ro -C 0.^0 -x3Ttr - O
f
Aj *— o.so-K-^j O.Mo-X,-
140. 2.
— 0.30743 ^
-

J6= O.O^ZC in « *?<?.. 6


por C'lJfA'l Cc at I
< 4 2..6

Proprietary Material. ©
2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior mitten permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
y

Problem 2.29 2.29 A homogeneous cable of length X and uniform cross section is suspended from
one end. {a) Denoting by p the density (mass per unit volume) of the cable and by E
its modulus of elasticity^ determine the elongation of the cable due to its own
weight. ( b ) Show that the same elongation would be obtained if the cable were
horizontal and if a force equal to half of its weight were applied at each end.

(cl) F * cJt po»y\^ f d Cw’f’i’j-


{

T* r of h$lo*J 'VJue pot+d

=yjA(L-j)
d§ = ££
Bf\
,
EA
/ ?(/
>

E

-

.y > jJ
y
s = pa (Ly

5==^ -a

(.W) To4&i weCijUi*. W — AL


nr _ E~AS _ FA . « qa£ .
%p% AL F= iw
;? e

Proprietary Material. <& 2009 The McCraw-lIill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed reproduced, or
,

any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
Problem 2.30

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any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
Problem 2.31 2.3 I Denoting by ethc “engineering strain” in a tensile specimen* show that the true
strain is e~t
ln(/ + e).

& *
- inf
U
=>
i-O
= A(lt^) ^»(l+£) L°

Thus /» (!+£) *+

Problem 2.32 232 The volume of a tensile specimen is essentially constant while plastic
deformation occurs. If the initial diameter of the specimen is d„ show that when the
diameter is dy the true strain is e -2
t
I n(r/, /d).

Cow -fcTL T 4L.


z >

J*f fhe \Zo)ov*<? \S

£t - 2 i*

Proprietary Material. ©2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or Uvsed beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.

Problem 2.33 233 A 250-mm bar of 15 x 30-mm rectangular cross section consists of two
aluminum layers, 5 -mm thick, brazed to a center brass layer of the same
JbLokiK^f liit is
knowing that Ea ~ 70 GPa and Et ~ 105 GPa, determine the normal stress (a) in
the aluminum layers, (/>) in the brasslayer.

Foir AxyeVj

A~ C3o)(£) ~ ISO MV, = I5P >< IO yr>

-
Aluminum
Brass Let Pa. - I non i*,ye^.
Aluminum
Pb - 9oad< £>m Aye^-

RcX
L&^r _
~ i L
Pub i- -
It P-
Of yv\
AA ”
Ft A
I of Ck 9 t-O P = aft. + a 3. A" P,

vy ^ pen/' 5A ^ Pb ^ “ 7

M = -57. 1 wo P* 6^ SI- I HPa.

W S'tw-f 1
-7^ r
'7 7£Pia‘ "-8 S.l~to‘P*. 6; --25.7 Mp*

Determine the deformation of the composite bar of Prob. 2.33 if is subjected


Problem 2.34 2. it

to centric forces of magnitude P~ 45 kN.

233 A 250-mm bar of 15 x 30-mm rectangular cross section consists of two


aluminum layers, 5-mm thick, brazed to a center brass layer of the same
thickness. If it is subjected to centric forces of magnitude P - 30 kN, and
knowing that Ea - 70 GPa and ~ 105 GPa, determine the normal stress ( a ) in
the aluminum layers, (b) in the brass layer.

5rn,
j
|

1-^M^
Jx 5 mm *
(3©X5>® ISO^A- \So*ld c A
Aluminum 5mm r oia e<^eU cdtav^iV v?A.yev-*
Brass
Aluminum
P "p
te/V

- JlocJl o ^ m

P wa 4 p„= f k n--£fp..*'.s-a
7c? a- »

E.A eS:
1 o4-«< Po\^C« P - a ft. + Pl 3.5" P* •p
1
CL
= ly
7 1

s -— 4k 3-27 £L ms-*, o *)(iS0*i?^ =. 30 &*lo-‘v»


EAA 7 (7o>c|o <, Xis'ov|o' 7 <1
Proprietary Material. <9 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. AH rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
Proprietary Material © 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
2.37 The 1.5-m concrete post is reinforced with six steel bars, each with a 28~mm
Problem 2.37
diameter. Knowing that Es ~ 200 GPa and Ec ~
25 GPa, determine the normal
stresses in the steel and in the concrete when a 1550 kN axial centric force P is
applied to the posh

Lei Pc - of OaYV't&d Icy *

- tptur+tftiA ty f'iie 5/y stecyp foJs *

§ r ts.
p° = Ecjk3
£A. *-

§ X ?S L P

= SA,$
e.A a l
r - T\. * H - (£A +

£ - § _
"*
p
L EV.A*. + BS A&
Z S
§£CZS.)* - 3,<Ztms*lo 3 n'« - 3.E9H-S */0‘
a 5 X
Ac,
- -tj-(H5o) >^WJi(|£) = /5^. 3^ * /o 3 Mm
« /53.3*H * /O’’'
L ~ I , h >vi

!S5'6> x (o 3,
s
- .—— .
^ 2] y fO
_ 4

(25*lo )(/£S'-3
£
H* /o' )+(2£^xfO ,
)(3.6 <
?¥5'*/o~ 3 )

c
s; - £s£ = (-200 xf o'* 3/ * /O’*) r £7. / x/O pa a <S7_ J Mf«.

S' - e.£ - x IO ')(-33S.3 I * lO~


c
) ^ £3$ «/ cf pA r S. 3 »M?a.

Proprietary Material ©
2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. AH rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
.

2*38 For the post of Prob. 2.37, determine the maximum centric force which can be
Problem 2.38 applied if the allowable normal stress is 160 MPa in the steel and 18 MPa in the
concrete*

2.37 The 1.5-m concrete post is reinforced with six steel bars, each with a 28-mm
diameter. Knowing that E$ - 200 GPa and Ec - 25 GPa, determine the normal
stresses in the steel and in the concrete when a 1550 kN axial centric force P is
applied to the post.

D&+e-y r\ e v* i ^ £$0^ ** fty «

- c
£$ - ~ 8oo*lo
* £\ 7.00 * iO^

Co* <*><**' £ S: s J|jLLel T 120*10-


E_ ocv/nt
fr 2S v {O'
<*-'

•.JPJfes \}e Jl jc £ = 7 2o «lO

Le"f FL ' ol JEc.^ c.asv-l*J fey Con c^-e+e


p* - po^i*tc»v C.Ctyyt£ej ty s+ee^

Pe. * Et A t £ - HoA c £
e
5 , RE V5 ~ EsAs
A = e;a s £
rX> L

P - Pc + Is - CEcK + a
X
As = 6 <4* = ^ = 3.6995- *(os - 3,69V fx(o* v«

A* - ISxS-.S^xlO^^
Ao - f s e * IG"*
\S£’.3‘i t
3 3
O<J
p = [(Zfx 0 " )(
I IS'S. 399*tO~ ) -t- (^oo y /O^KS.S'WJ'x/O ^ (720 w t

4
- 5.33 * io M 3330 ktf

Proprietary Material. ©
2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
E

Problem 2.40 2AO Three wires are used to suspend the plate shown. Aluminum wires
mm and a steel wire is used at C with
mm. Knowing that the allowable stress for aluminum ( ~ 70
a diameter of 2
GPa) is 98 MPa and that the allowable stress for steel (E = 200 GPa) is 126
MPa, determine the maximum load P that can be applied.

By sy^^e^ty PA = y
av^d = Se

A^o, 5^ - %£ -
§s - S

S'Fra.iV* in ectcJi wire.*

_ iL
£a * e* * ZL j
sa = e eA
Deievr^ine Jk sl'irairt.

= §4 _ ?i 9
Wire s A* B ? c-
* “ *»*/£>*
- /'^ *io~
£*
-3
£ t * ^ £* * 4- 8 x /0
/** -s
W Cc _ C
p
C * <5L = - &£ *70
2 60 * 1 0 y
O'
.

* €« = ~

A MovtshJe si" f-4 i n 4»a w»‘ re C e*rns •'


SI - //£ /t//’’*

W0*)( H/rx|o
J)
<5^ = £**> PA ^ AaEaSa * f
* m-?7 /v

pe * /S3 87 N .

S^' Ec £^ a Ac . 6£ * (**»£) (&£ *icf) -su-Bt- a/

Por e«jc>i E i>^i (jw\ oT pE^j


P * P^ + Pg + * 7<>7't> H

Proprietary Material. €> 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserv ed. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
2.41 cylindrical rods, one of steel and the other of brass, are joined at C and
Two
Problem 2.41 restrained by rigid supports at A and E. For the loading shown and knowing that E&
- 200 GPa and Eb = 105 GPa, determine (a) the reactions at A and E\ (b) the
Dimensions in mm deflection of point" C".

-180 - —*+*-- 120 —** 100 >


t()0

i A jo C .
'• E - Zooxio* ?a.

A * ? 1 .2S£,£‘ix}o
Z
^= l.ts&&"ld*
l
EA r Z5\.ZT7*lo N
40 nun diam.
- 30 -inm diam.
C jo E : E - 105V jo*
CO £ A - 706.86 * 7o6.S6x/cT
4

EA = -7H.no»io‘ NJ

CO Un> *fo kM

A iiB : P * P# L = /SO *v> »vi - O. ISO V*-L

Pa 5

257. 32? *lO &


716/XO x/o"

8 -/•<>£ •
P = - 60V/03 L
L 57 l/^O ^v> tvj ~ O. I%0 yvi

3
c ^
PL (Ra -6O*(O Y<0.!.?cA
c>Ar

C fd D f P r l?A - Gix /O l— " I 0o ~ O. lOO M


5S
. _ pL _ (P A -g o*)a )(c>.|oo') _
~
i.3H7S>i>t/c> 34 x IQ
?8c PA **

74 '22.ox io & 8*? • 1

D fo E : P= f? A - 100*10- L“ /OO MW! - C? * lOO kw

^
-

PL
£A “
(Pa - loo */o YoJoc>)
Tf.no/lo
s

4 ~
,

l,M75>5"*
_

_<>

Ra ~ l3>4.73<r*/o
,

A 4° E ? SAe = $a 0 -*S* c 4$Co + SDfr - 2.S5gS7x/o''' PA - QHZ.V-.ZHxIg*

Since po'ifif EL o^mo f 1

hiove rePcJ^Ve -fo A 5 § AS - o

(A.) 3.85?S7x/J* Pa - W. mWo"4 - O 1?^ 6ISS/x/o W


3

3 3
Pf = PA -/OOx/0 - &Z.8*{0 ~ (00y{0 Z7,Z*lO k/ -S7.^tM
c
Sc - Saq 4 Sfiic
C
- I. \ E>z&7 '* lo~ '
PA - 2£.$<i3xlQ-‘
<{
3
- (LKZ£°i«\o )(c zs?>ix lo
> )- 2<S.8V-8*/o'

~ 46 .3x(o jvi
Sc - 46.2- /«*
S c - HS . S /< v* -*«
*

2A3 A steel tube {Es ~ 200 GPa) with a 30-mm outer diameter and a
Problem 2.43
3-mm thickness is placed in a vise that is adjusted so that its jaws just touch
tllC CtldS Of tllC tube WithOUt 6X6^111 g aiiy plCSSUre Oil tllCm, ThC tWO fOlCCS
shown are then applied to the tube. After these forces are applied, the vise is
adjusted to decrease the distance between its jaws by 0.2 mm, Determine (a) the
forces exerted by the vise on the tube at A and £>, (b) the change in length of
the portion BC of the tube.

dl - 5 0‘ <S?> 2. (oto 0 ~ O'OZ 4 Ki

s
A * f (J* - J?) * ir(o<oZ --o<oz4-z) = z54-.&xto~*

A +o 8 : P - t?/> bM L-O'oist.
<- _ £L _ l?A (CK<ns) . . ~
Ka h\
X JO L
CZCdY. )
6 fc> C; P - ie*-f 32. U-M > L= 0> ol$ »*»-

O _ £<=_ _ ^A+3iooo) Ccuo*lS)


S*. * Fa" =
A
TI = , ,

A 47Z, X/o Ra
.

*f 4 l’l£ V/o >»i

CSeoxfo^a^'SxiO )
C -k 0.* P ~ £* -f 8 Ln, L = 0\o~1S h
PL (RA+-8<*>oUa«o*?S) „
r.
s »' ea
.

A+- 1> - + Sec + 5C o ~


^ £$ + £&* 14 Xio /

h
=>ad

(xis/e*^ <xw/ BtA'f ^ad ~ ~~ ^ OoO^k


* M.

£#-44 ^ - -Oioacii
Cal 4-4-1*? WO’’ R a + xt«T

Ra = —SPS^’J |d.k| —
R0 = -R ft + 8o«o =•
-5oS77M 6 kM •*-

0
ai $*c 1-473 Xfo^) t-£8C*n) + 47-ISV/o H-ZYia h)
~ "Z-X (0 ^ *v\ w

Proprietary Material, ©
2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. AH rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
o

Problem 2.44 2,44 Solve Prob. 2.43, assuming that after the forces have been applied,
the vise is adjusted to increase the distance between its jaws by 0.1 mm.

A steel tube ^ 200 GPa) diameter and a


3 -mm thickness is placed in a vise that is adjusted so that its jaws ju st touch v

the ends of the tube without exerting any pressure on them. The two forces
shown are then applied to the tube. After these forces are applied, the vise is
adjusted to decrease the distance between its jaws by 0,2 mm. Determine (a) the
forces exerted by the vise on the tube at A and /)> (b) the change in length of
the portion BC of the tube.

i 75 mm » 75 mm . 75 mm i

32 U/ 2f

Fo<~ He fufe dwtn


ch = <si a ~ 2 t -zOvoZ-Z-loioo},) - 6 'Ozq~ h,
(p

k ^ e t p = ra OsolS
PL ” %*(oioi 5)
5*8 ^ pT i‘4-72Xfo hn .

etc: 1?A 4 jiiU/, L=ovolS*M


— PL ~_ r~7—“
c ~—JJ-wo)
(R'n 4 lb\o 1 S) .
'"‘Jo -6
~-6\ c
,

^e<. ~ pfe,
'
l*47?xr(} £?* + 4-7 IS X ( h*
(50* Xlfll )CxS4-* svio )

Cf® D: P •=
PA 4 eoooN L * Ovo75T
6
SGO - ^ tM^ xto h
E4 (<> )

AH o: $*» ’ S*B + sec + Sfe*


~ 4'4mx(<5 +

G'tVe rt J«tw **»«>'/• *><? **4 ^ 'C^OC? f ^*1

CO 4'4(lXfO^ & + 50* l4-XiC>~


< fo
- -O'OOOj
M |?A r 3?'17 M/-
3&'77

Pd ~ Ra 4 9 »00 *7447 Ro^ 7.77 U/-


0>1 S^e; <H413x<(f )
+- 41. ISXjo ^ - -—5*03 XU
Xjo~
3
6 >H

fvviA^

Proprietary Material. ©
2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
b

Problem 2.45 2AS Links BC and DE are both made of steel ( E — 200 GPa) and
are 12 mm wide and 6 mm thick. Determine (a) the force in each link when a

- 4 X ioc & - 4 (--T.76 * /o6 ) a - 8-w xfo a fr

jlQ-oo 4( /*• J

3,
(9 - d-z777« X fo" t-W 2
(a') F^. - (/*-+ X (o
6
) O’ 27770
3
»io~ ) 4- kn ^
F0 e~ -L*n *iv
c
) Collin * /o"
1
)
- _ i.(, bn

0o) D potv\~t A #

3
$
fl
-0..Z& - (fl-2)(O.Z7770 x/o" ) S* * 0*Q£

Proprietary Material. © 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
0

2.47 The aluminum shell fully bonded to the brass core and the assembly
Problem 2.47 is is

unstressed at a temperature of 15 °C. Considering only axial deformations,


determine the stress in the aluminum when the temperature reaches 195 °C.

8^6-55 c LeJ' L be .
+Ji« cf
2-
-VK«. ev.s$e kA,
Ef ~ G Pcu
Zo.q *lo' / aC
e
oC - JriejcJ^jL •e.ypai.^s l&z> .

N \J \nni tit
AT - IIS - 15 - 130“ C
~
IF 7 o G Pa
0
co\rtL\ ($ r )t = Lof t (ATl
cl - 23 6 xrc>~*/ c
.

(\ $<j\as,\ sk<t// ' (St) - L c^^TA t)

hie/ ^>pCOASlt>H oT she/l 4^ 'f'Ug. coiAg . S L (o^—


")

Pa 1 P Le4 P t>e- *Hve


1 OOvwy)/^es^» J eV *f $U eJJ,
~ 05”^ H
1
I B.^csss core* £Si / 1

,
i

1
Afc~ 5 (2 5 T - Wo.%1 ^ - Wo.27*lO~
C

' pJt "


E'bAb
e
tv M .W >v> sUA/ : Be, - 7o^/o '
Pe^

3
~ 2.33 Q(>xlcf^~ .*
:>

A** 5 Cgo^-2*S- ')


7. 33CA * /o

s - (sp) b + <s h ) a

L (otr ~ CA )(AT) r = k' pl


I iy _ _L_ + J__ _
, e
\
~c
,

3
J
E*A„ (hS’xlo ')^ io.S7*lv )
?
(7ox./o' )(7.3366 x/o~ ^

= 2A. Si G* o'* N~'

W
I

-II,., ? *
25^.6 f6 x fo ’
= nw* W
K

S4r-&,€ S i &.P i)ivii'm^>n. (T - _ -4“ “ - ———i - — S.iPxfO Pc


2.3344*10"*

6^ = -S.iS MPec

Proprietary Material. O
2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited dislribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
- ^

Problem 2.48 2.48 Solve Prob. 2.47, assuming that the core is made of steel (E “ 200 GPa, a
1 1.7 x lO^C) instead of brass.

2.4? The aluminum shell is fully bonded to the brass core and the assembly is

unstressed at a temperature of 15 °C. Considering only axial deformations,


determine the stress in the aluminum when the temperature reaches 195 °C.

sktJf L*Jr L fJv< tff ^55e*-v.


E- 70 GPa
d r 23. 6 ^ /£ e\Aw\^i eypAv\Vo^ .

Ax ^ f^ST - is * ISO°C

Sfee/? co/e * (Sy)^ * Lo/^CA^

r\ iS : (S T V * L ^CAT)

Klg/f <eocpg>A%i^vi of' 5 wC-VU res^eo'f A-o VLe. co«~t . S ~ L (o^- o/s X AT )

r^)j Le^ P pAe IWc-e. «** 4k* co« e*\*J fk«


c-oiwpressi' v e -force »V» 4ke sVe^.

S4<ej? cov^e* £* * ZoqkIQ* P*

Y*
A*' fCasP = 44<?.&7 ^ - i&0.8,7*io e

pv «f
^0
,

1
_ £L

AA** Ihk*' she//


sUsM. ' Ea - lo
7c> k. /t? * po.
pa. CSp)^
(Sp)^ - jPr-
A&.= ? 7.3-Z6&«tc? *™ x = 23344 k |o' 3 **

S - (Sp)s + ^Sp)^

L(cu - oO(Ar) _
s £L j pl ^ K'PL
^As, E*A&

l< = ~ f
£sA a r ,,
C?.c?oxio 'iCM^-37k/d' )
4
(7 ok/o‘»)(x.3366x/o-s ')

-9 ,,-i
- l£.2m«/o- y fj

& 6
(23.4*U> - n. 7->jo' Viso^)
Tke„ P - _ - Wo*
131. H) lv
I6.-W*? x/©“*

JlL _ J3/* ^ K /c?^ „ rv


/ n ttjPuvm /u /Cr |
p

6^=- -54.2 MPa. -


) ) )

Problem 2.49 2.49 A 1.2-m concrete post is reinforced by four steel bars, each of
18 mm diameter. Knowing that Es — 200 GPa, as =11.7 X \0~ 6 /°C and
Ec ™ 25 GPa and cx<: ~ 9.9 X 10" 6 /°C , determine the normal stresses
"
induced in the steel arid in the concrete by a temperature rise of 27°C.

1
~ *f Ij
f 1
3-
~ (4
X 5 °*°' &) V = G ' ooioa ^ * t

At - A-As.'^'^'-O’OoJor'f*? •=• 0*63^

kef Pt be "Hie in He co»>c.»^4« . Fw'


e^ov-P; w\ 4k *2ev^o ftiTcc.j 4-ke

«a 4“ke 4oi>^ s+ee/f is “"Pc*

'.Sfv'tt C «* s -

£c
*
A. +
- -2j- +
ct*

o^CAT
ar) " •
& *• °,’ <Ar ^

M a.kcX\ I n £* - 21- 4 <* 0 (4t - - 21- 4 od^AiO


3 tc A c ^^3
+ ” (&*- ^ T)

o'(T-SxtcfiyCo >03^ )^£2^rt)xio' )( , £> '°o(r>n fl)^

- {.u*"i -1**01 \o~ u )v*n

w. ^ — ftWM
•Tb a. _^
SHes* iVx s4ecjp S’.’t-t
5
zMMj ttgl
i ft .e*"V .

^ - g, 04-H^ ’

A5 0»60Cfln®|

Stress i* oo^refe R , —-
61 - —r*- -
> <Q* :
— 0 *X M.P01
At o«c^ |

Proprietary Material. ©
2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Jnc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
— 7

0
2.50 The brass shell («b - 20.9 x 1 (F/ C ) is fully bonded to the steel core (a* - 1 1
Problem 2.50 0‘ 6
.

x 1 /°F ). Determine the largest allowable increase in temperature if the stress in



the steel core is not to exceed 55 MPa.
5 mm 5 mm 20 mm
on
20 .nm\ \ \
\ /
5 mil) ^Ky^-~ 5 nmi uf ps - <xx\ui ’Foirce developed m He. C

Fov^ e^c^Ii )> ^u>*v vt+K ££*0 ~Hte


E ^ 200 GPa co^pv^sstVe -tWce \* t*

St^ciws 85- -~r +c4CAT)


Brass shell KsAs
E - 105 GVa 8,
ew* + OttCAT'j
E Ab
fc

Ia.
* ^
*3^ £3 -

g-^
-
+ o/ fa (AT i

(o^- ols )(AT)


E.A, EfcAfc '

*10*** V
Aj, - ( 0.020 Xo.ozo') S 4QO r*
-
c
<. *
Aw" (O.03o>>.03o) - (o.O^oXOwO^O ) » >JT(OOX-/O K0

e
dt - o(s * ^A^io~ / ac
?s --
§s As * (£T*/oOO«* io-
e
) - nv/0a w

e 4 - 3 /.STv/o''’ fT*
£« A«, Et/Ab '
(Zqoxioi )C*foox io“ (las xio*’ X^saox/o" )
)

i i 6
(3l.SS*tO~ )(2ly/0 ) “ ('J.a* l0' )CAT't
a
AT - 1S.H C

Proprietary Material. ©
2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using H without permission.
/

Problem 2.51 2. SI A rod consisting of two cylindrical portions AB and BC is restrained at both
ends. Portion A B is made of steel ( Es 200 GPa, as - U .7 x 1 0^/°C) and portion
6 0
^.v,^v^CJs.-madj&.of brass (&& 105 01% a* & 20.9 x Hr / !). Knowing that the rod is

initially unstressed, determine the compressive force induced in ABC when there is

a temperature rise of 50°C.


30-mm diameter
250 mtn

- steel A A fj - O/ia
~ tJ” (io — 1 $£> y*\y^ - 70 Q %£ * /£> iao
4 i * „

*> ^ 3 1
50-nun diameter A&,= f«C = ?<&»)* - LKSstlo ‘Ids* id v^
300 mm
brass Firee, expan Sio* .

^ I ^ + l 1

c
- (0.2‘ToXll.'7 x o~ )($o) + (o.'Z>ooY2 o. ci x iO~‘)(sd)
4
~ 4S4.7S x|o~

S c^ue to \y>doce.<i -fiot'-oe P „

SP r
PL PL
E.A
s'-'jift X Aec
0,2SZ> P +-
O. 300 P
& t, i
( 20Oy\o'*)(7o&.%&« lcr ) (lo S*lO ')(l.<iC, Z5’*lo‘
')

c
9
- 3 223S *10~ P
,

P
\~ar TLC^o v\€ 1 dePJI e c-p o to ~ 5^
j i

-6
Z.7 2?>S*ld P -
‘ISXTS'xlO

" 3
P |N7.GZx lo fo P * 147.6 UM

Proprietary Material. ® 2009 The McOraw-ltill Companies, Inc. Ail rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
,

Problem 2.52 2.52 A rod consisting of two cylindrical portions AB and BC is re-

strained at both ends. Portion AB is made of brass (Eb — 105 GPa,

6
a s — 23 .9 X 10 /°C). Knowing that the rod is initially unstressed, deter-
mine (a) the normal stresses induced in portions AB and BC by a tempera-
'
60- mm dmiueler ture rise of 42°C, (b) the corresponding deflection of point B

k* -
f As 3
^i(
Go Ts 2.327*4 */0
4
^ - Z827H yio
&
\n

- 40' mm dim meter


A 6£ . = fJ* 3
K^ 0 )’*' ' »• ^66 * <oW * L2.SU > ld a
mv
aluminum F'ree tke.v'^d,^ e/p**%u>n

$T 'i + LbJ^^CAT^
c
r(u')Cio.?x’/d' X W)i
+ (u^X23.9y/o
_<:
X^)
3
r 2.2705 V /O' *

^.ViOir dot +° '{yidocei iv/e t-o>/x.e

o_ - ~PLwt P Lee
V By A** F* A*
_ I.V P ,

* ^ 13 P
(.(OS-xiOiXlizm^Q-^ c 72 Xto'* 10. 25-64^0^

= 18.074* 16'* P
pot^ ze^o net" dcr-feeA©^ r Sr
§p
/8.079v'/o', P = Z27oS*lO~*
a
P* /^T.GJl *IO /V

‘ -w.*< hp«. -*
tE* '

<5^- - •£ - - '
- - loo.o m^Fk- -I00.O MR*, -e
Abc I. ZSU*lO s

N
(t> ) Sa = + Pf* - UotbtA rl
fcijA^n

__ ( ns’xMiPKn} 0‘0(24>.<?wtT
e

(los-xic^ X2.W7fv|o-»)
— - iToo x /o' ~ "-0*^60
i.e. O.iToo **v*a l'

Proprietary Material. © 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc* AH rights reserved. No part of this Manual maybe displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student Using this manual is using it without permission.
.

Problem 2.53 2S3 Solve Prob. 2.52, assuming that portion AB of the composite rod
is made of steel and portion BC is made of brass.

2.52 A rod consisting of two cylindrical portions AB and BC is re-

strained at both ends. Portion AB is made of brass (Eb — 105 GPa,


— 60 nm) - diameter — 20.9 X 10 6

6
/°C) and portion BC is made of aluminum ( Ea — 72 GPa,
aa = 23. 9X jo /°C). Knowing that the rod is initially unstressed, deter-
mine (a) the normal stresses induced in portions AB and BC by a tempera-
ture rise of 42°C, (b) the corresponding deflection of point B

Z
- 40 mm diameter A a& ' ? - $ 0> ,o& )
'
- X/0
~ 6*
' aluminum A at - ifJe? ~ (.2 Sib Xto"
~
n .
- 4-2
c
ts r\ B - 4 a ols (LT} = (A/X //-7 y l cr X*z) * o^i *to'\
CSrV ~ LgcOl/AT^ - (bi)(Zi-1 y \cr*)(«z ) z bios' y 10^

,1
I

p A&
oj-aj

, ? PU.
Es A a?
Sf = ^Sr\i a +

.
(>0/>y I
iTT
C?)(2-0274-m )
~

8
t'84-b

— yjO^M

* H4-5-2& x IO~ P

(
C x
. - PC fi. 6 . ~ s
* * l
o'* p

Tcf^i> Sp = CSp\8 + (SpV * * / D '" l


5

> ».> $P * Sr
f s
fb}f3'8 «lO~ P~ i-94-b * |o' P - //3*/<£ A/

(<C) ($ ---£- r
Aw
1 tkik
2- 8Z~Ut-% «r*
—^ r -4o>0iMr« &---4-OMPA
*8

{
(T - . JjdJk—T.. r - 7*«*-T tf/** ~ ~ Jo-/ MPa
6c 1 6ia,
A ft. I'Z&bb'tlO

(SA“8 ~ U%S-2f*\Q~'')(l/3‘fb) - 0'22*to‘\

%
SB ~ (ST )AB t + (S p ) ro*^/ */cT* + **it+idr \
Mf i,

Mm ^

%
>v*
^ }(// &*/&) - (* {>2(> * [o m

So r t 4 CS P ) A i c f'l>€>rx\Q T 4 A 62 £

~ /hai A Cokc^ks ^
Problem 2.54 2.54 A (Es = 200 GPa,
steel railroad track = 1 1.7 X 10~6/°C) was
laid out at a temperature of -L0°C. Determine the normal stress in the rail
when the temperature reaches 52°C, assuming that the rails (a) are welded to
form a continuous track, ( b ) are 12 in long with 6-mm gaps between them.

L= /2-M

0
^ = ©.0o-f44-
i,
- L ot(AT) r (l2-)(t(‘lYt<r )(S2

f'n.

c r
£A
« =3 r €
Cal 4 ST - o botto -^
1
+ O'oolf'}- - O £T- ~-l2fy M,p^\

0o\
6" -j- 0100744 - ~ 0'0C>£» <5T- - ^

Proprietary Material. <0 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
*

Problem 2.55 2.55 Two steel bars (Es « 200 GPa and ^-11.7x1 0^/°C) are used to reinforce a
brass bar (£*> =105 GPa, at, ~ 20.9 x 0^/°€) which is subjected to a load P » 25
1

kN. When the steel bars were fabricated, the distance between the centers of the
holes which were to fit on the pins was made 0,5 mm smaller than the 2 m needed.

The steel bars were then placed in an oven to increase their length so that they
would just lit on the pins. Following fabrication, the temperature in the steel bars
dropped back to room temperature. Determine (a) the increase in temperature that
was required to lit the steel bars on the pins, (h) the stress in the brass bar after the
load is applied to it.

ch ay) e to?
o-f j qvi „
™ Q*S %
S’!' 5* 0.S y lO~ yr\

ok^w\^e 4*? Cxpemcl b*/^ \Uls

Sr " Lo|s AFj 0.5*10'* r:(2.00)(lLl*/cr*XAT) A~i~z:


3

O.Sx/O'* - CO(lL7* IO“*XAT)


AT - ZI. 3 C 8 °C Zl.tfC. —
(b) On ce asse^ biW, a, +ev\sr>?e fov-c.e p r o.v\J
a. ca^pire^M/* -fo'c? P* de\SeJop*> *hke Ivi
^

TU. steeJ? cx*\ d t e n b S *

^
£: of ~ ) C sOf^O ^ ^ HoO * 4O0 y /t)

( ^V \ - Elk
A,£,
_ P^Ca-ot*! _
= *fx,
o/- JIA
° -)
P
i~,*

to* of- : .
- 4o )(/5 ^ ~ 600 - 600 */0~*
(

fC * P j-
^ ___ ^ (- 3*00 $
_ 7ti/
' P
*)

t A Ev,
~ (Goo x|o' fe )(/o5 v /o'
'
i
)
~ 3 * ^ 4*10
1

P
fc

8of (Sp)s 4 (Vi i 5 > OfrJ 4^ Pke 1 't ^>uva"k ^ iS f &


(%p)s * (S f ) b = 0.5*ld\ -5~G.7^6 x/o"* p* =: 0.5*10'*

P* = S. S M y/o3 N

Stresses g/oe P> ~fcdb /To T >on ,

$W -•

<5^ U^l = 27.03* (o"?c ~ Z2. OS HP*

B^s.' 6?-
u
-T! - , JzMJLl2l = -/y.cgwo 4 P* * -I4.6S M?*
Ab Goo y io-l

Tfc. "BAese sf^esses wius*f b« o.dcl's^t tIi* sivtsses Jje to +U 2S* i

Conf i'nuect
2*55 coin 4^ * ued

Fov^ “Hie c^AAza) 2 vtA.d( y FJte cucfdi^t o v\ CtJ dcfo^Wcji‘\ Q^ i$ *f"Ae

bo+V» -H* s+eeJ* o.^ J Hte Isita-ss . Let %’ be fhe add; fa ovuxJ
d i's j^ac e,^ e^J ~
. A JW Oj J e.1~ Ps CK^v^cA Pt ke 4-ke acPJi fa&vm.j' fat>/'c,es

deVeiopfiv i •;
>* 4k« s4«eJ? ksv^ss^ ICS'S pecfa Wedy *

- fkk _ ?b L
Asts Afefc t
u
p _ AsPs. e * - (460 uld‘ )C2QO tlo'} _ 6
S L
d 2-oo
s
^

Ho* to %'
>

Pb = A b gb 5'- (6OO^/O~ Kl6i'^)0‘


ft
<-* _ 3I.Sy/o
c
S*
L 2.0o
To4o^ P ~ Ps '* Pj, ~ ZSx/o? V
c c
Hov/o c g* f 3/.S*/o §' - AS'/cr" S' - 3M?.G5-v /o' ^

1^ - (^Oy/O 6 ^3 f7-£5"v|0' 4 )
4 - \z. 1 &£ v/o^ fj

4 &
p ^ “ U.lHo
<l

fc
r (3/.r^/0 )C3H‘Tf.6i-W/o* y io tJ

3
Ts IS.^86 *1Q
$s
~- - 3<K97x|o c Pa.
Aa *
tioovIO'*’

Gy _ a . JJ .HOwlo^
CooxiO'*-
~ ,c
Ab

f\jj stress due. fa>

3^7 k }o c 12.0 Z x/O


6
:
i“7.0 MPa

s; *-
18.36 * 10 - J4.48 * (O'* = 3.C8

Proprietary Material. © 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
' O

Problem 2.56 2,56 Determine the maximum load P that may be applied to the brass bar of Prob.
2.55 if the allowable stress in the steel bars is 30 MPa and the allowable stress in the
brass bar is 25 MPa.

2.55 Two steel bars (Es ~ 200 GPa and as ® 1,7 x 0^/°C) are used to reinforce a
1 1
15 nun
brass bar (Eb ~ 105 GPa, ab = 20.9 x 10 ‘VC) which is subjected to a load P - 25
kN. When the steel bars were fabricated, the distance between the centers of the
holes which were to fit on the pins was made 0.5 mm smaller than the 2 m needed.

Ibe steel bars were then placed in an oven to increase their length so that they
would just fit on the pins. Following fabrication, the temperature in the steel bars
dropped back to room temperature. Determine (a) the increase in temperature that
was required to fit the steel bars on the pins, ( b) the stress in the brass bar after the
load is applied to it.
40 nun

-See Soiu-KcM fo Pir-ob/em Z-55 obia.i'* Me floWc*.! .‘o>> sMesses,

61 = 77.02 MPq- 61b ~- -


, CS MP<=-

kPPo yJ aXPt* s+ ress e s» <$S 30 MPa. ^ 6^- ZSHPa.

ks)«.iP

61 = SO-ZZ-OZ 7.97 HP*


61 ~ a5T+ It.SS " 3 ^* 6&

ci 1
r\ £W«o‘ Pol 1) i*-e s4 .

— G- ^ 7.77 wo 1

37. &5Tx/o'
'
£ 700*(0‘’

r —“ * 377.9 v lo
los* 10 *

S bn Pier
«t 6/ S • *
£ - 39 2 S’ ** /
.
^
Av'eas,: As
Ab-
- ft)(&)(**)
Os")( 4 o) - 600
o ^ =
f
400v/0' 4
tOOV| 0 4 m v

^
Ps = E;A S £ = (500x/0‘ X400^/0" )(S%Zr»IO’ e‘)
f <i
r 3 -/SSWO
3
^
e 3
Pt - PbA £ fa
" (|Oi“x fo* )Ctoo x/o"* ')(37.SS’>'/o '
) - ZSII *lo A/

TH~qjP xc PPjy^ZzJz^S.

3
p *
Ps + Pfc r 3 4- 2. <57/ *7o - £.70*10* h)
X s.70 kh> -*

Proprietary Material. O
2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
)

Problem 2.57 Z57 An brass link (Et, - lOTC) and a steel rod {Es ^ 200
105 GPa, a*= 20.9 x
GPa, a* ~ 11.7 x 10“6/°C)
have the dimensions shown at a temperature of 20°C.
The steel rod is cooled until it fits freely into the link. The temperature of the
whole assembly is then raised to 45 °C- Determine (a) the final stress in the steel
50 mm (h) the final length of the steel rod.
* ti rod,
r<

m 37.5 mm
Tvn f i t ion s T~ 2,0 d w
0 J2
. in m \*- 250 mm •-] 30 - mm diameter

AT - 45“- 70 tr

Section A-A

F^ee eyp.ftnsi^ qt *
6
J^k". (S T\ •=*
Ct'b (AT)L^(P^IO~ X2S)(&2So) =• !3o. m
5WI •
CS T ) 5 - ds (^T)l - (I L7y/o" V2s’Xo.X5o5
t
- 73. |3Jy/d‘^

At fte -t~ i A"e^j(0 e/'tviiyv-e. VPa a?i'PPe>'''e.‘'ic-£- bef^-te-c "ft*. 4V«< lo

of sfee/ fb-e b^tcss J?t*k •*>

C _
§ - \?O*I0~ -I- 73.mxlO~*'- tSO^.GAS'xtoT* = Q3.S* |0 *jr*

IcxA OpjiaStfe. -Poy'ce^ *P "Vo e^ovv^i!L*fe


f fb
- - ... n 4 .
I
j

Breuss » E: — )05 * IQ ^ Pcj.

„^ r~~--w~ A b= (* )(So X^7. S') - 3150 = 3. 75o * /o'


3

a
(Sp') = §£ = O^o^^So^a^) = «'f.‘tt*|<? p

Z-j-etJ ruJ * E ~ 2 00 * IO* A* ffcof = 70G.BG M1W = 7cX>J&6*loin

(%
^€aP = I.768M-IO-' p

(%X + ^p) s ~ §. S.MOS^X/O


2
'7
P r 62-5 x I o"

p - 2G. O0G x icA m

w
(ol\
. ci
SL ^s->
Sf^e-s^ m sW y^J
r

afee^ V'^A .
a «
<STs r -
^
P -
Cte.O^Gx/o^)
““76
~~ 36.2k fC> & Ret S"4 r

CV>) Pno^-f s4ge^ y\»of . — L0 + (S-j-


s — (§p) s

c C
L f( = <9. 250 4-i l2O.>f|0' ,
+ 73. I2S*|0' - (|.7£S3%* /o“ ^ )(2£.0o3>

= 0- 250 T4-7 m 25o .14 7 c* -«


0 o

Problem 2.58 2.58 Knowing that a 0, 5-mm gap exists when the temperature is 24°C,
determine (a) the temperature at which the normal aluminum bar will
stress in the
be equal to ~ 75 MPa, (/>) the conespoiiding exact length of the aluminum bah

6k- -IS M-Pn\

i
p = - 6iA^-C7€*io h )(l& ov'o !

) “ khl
Bronze Aluminum
A — 1500 mm 2 A - 1800 mm 2 dje ”P
K« 105 GPa K * 73 GPa
a - 21.6 X 10 VC or - 23.2 X 10
6
/°C
^
PU ,
PU
'
Eb A b EkA*
{/iSooo )(<)'}£) ^(t}Saoo)( 0 '&S)
p
— (ftXMt’X t5iom b a* ) b Om )(!#<><> X(o' )

-
3 X/ Mv
£>•4 .

S T - (O'OOOSJ- llel*? KfO~^J = f.ZCZ}, K/o h

Goi S7 - L t o? b (AT) 4. UcUG&tO


- («*-}r)C*l'<>x/o~b)(AT)+ ( 4S)(il‘Zyo JCaT) - OS tf/o )&7
x/t- 0 )A T - /‘i-6zix(o~ % AT - lO'l°0
0») TU * TT/y + AT =*24 *7«* / - f 4* / * £

£ti $*= U^CAt) £1^


UA,
~3 .

- ^ K 7< i£l .
ChXIVO *>
(13*1 6*1 )ii*<n y/5^

^
Lexa*&'j" o* v o*xjv>i 6 O’ tf-Sox! ho

Proprietary Material* ©
2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. AH rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
*

Problem 2,59 2.59 Determine (a) the compressive force in the bars shown after a tem-
perature rise of 82°Gv (b) the corresponding change in length of the bronze bar.

0.5 Mini

i~T -fire€ of co^-s

LfcOtb(AT') + UdJAr)
^ (6‘}£)(±t' t‘-(O’Wfri'ZKief) IH)
E~ GPa
105 E = 73 GPa
"6
a - 21.6 X 10" VC ' a = 23.2 X .1.0 /°C

P V* ett»f>4vl5i6wv • $ ~ O* £
— J* 5

S Vvo^ft^ !rv<^ to tnJoce<d towpresJiVt porc-e P


SP - t ,lt7bYnr* - o'ooo £ = 0'°nh*n> $ t*,

« — .Ei-t, PL«. _./£.!, r<\, \


6t>+
^a: EHi -
Vf-x~
E k+ F-7-
A
.

) P
e,a, fc fe

O’J-T i.
=-
K
(ioS x/a^ >{/£»<> x/o*)
:}p
(Iftlol ) (/ Shirt X/O^J

^ P - <J ^7 6 x7 <f 3 ps/7z# ^4' ,

a/

/7><f A-V-«

(t) Lt d k (4r) -
772
- /5- y Z
'

o'i$s£v -0'Z36^ —
cro-xt/tF ttJsvo* o )

Proprietary Material. <0 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
r .

Problem 2.60 At room temperature (20 °C) a 0.5 -mm gap exists between the ends of the rods
shown. At a later time when the temperature has reached 1 40 determine (a) the
normal stress in the aluminum rod, (b) the change in length of the aluminum rod.
0.5 mm
l -250 mm -

AT - Ko - Zo = 120 °c

Fr g t f~h *?/* «•. peg .

CT - U<4(A.tH Ls ols CAT)


Aluminum Stainless steel & c
-(0.*>0o)(2'i,*lo~ )(l2o) 4- (0.2SOXt?.Z*fCf )( P2 o)
A 2000 mur A— 800 uni
K« 75 GPfc J5 - 190 GPa 5
« 23 x 10“ V°C(
» x - 1.3^7 XIO' vn
e* 17.3 10' V’C

ijog 4° P v^eei &ow>vfv*v'**T

Sp - |3H7* o' - O.Svia* I


-

l~A . P^-S _ Le. 1—S \ •pi


“ ,

L
EcA*/ E, A*

_ r Q.SoO _
0.2SA>
U./.5V
^ (IS* 10^X2000^ tO’ c ) (l^OX/O’l^Oy “OP
/O' )
4
* 3.C447 v/cF P

3
? » 0.247 */cP P^ 232 x /o N

W S."-£,
Ah -7000 * J O' 4
„ - 116.5
ll6 x/0C P<^ 116.5 M&.

M UoA(AT)- C-JV /

e (232.3** to 1 X°s oo )
- (a,36o)(23*icr )0?c>)
CfTTioi )tnooo> tor*)
3&3 x /£> ^
0.3£3

Proprietary Material. © 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced* or
distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
2.61 In a standard tensile test, an aluminum rod of 20-mm diameter is subjected to
Problem 2.61
a tension force of P - 30 kN. Knowing that v ~ 0.35 and E ~ 70 GPa, determine
(a) the elongation of the rod in an 1 50-mm gage length, (b) the change in diameter
of the rod.

4
P T to K)

20-nnn diameter
A - it'd
2 - - 3 mJS* ^ - SiHJ^xtcTy^-

^ * f ' jS? - ^S.,o‘ R

3 ? 4
- L£j - Clio-/o' )0.3& 1t8’‘/o' ) <
- 3e>5*/0‘ yv>

tj£j - ~(0.$S)(l*$C«l8«lo
3
)
- ~ 4'77 . U * /o~
c

s 4
(t> - d e„ - (2O*!0“ X-4 77.VWo' ) -
(X OO^SS m ^

Problem 2.62 2.62 A 20-mm ^diameter rod made of an experimental plastic is subjected to a
tensile forceof magnitude P •- 6 kN. Knowing that an elongation of 14 and a mm
decrease in diameter of 0.85 mm
are observed in a 1 50-mm length, determine the
modulus of elasticity, the modulus of rigidity and Poisson’s ratio for the material.

Lef 4*f\-e_ sj^ be “hk* $2.n^4b <?*f "hive Y* O Ck,v\ d +ln-e x-evVs

Le -f v'cin S •

A = Hf<7.oY s= 314. 16 ^ =r 31^.16*10°^ ? ‘ C x | 0


3
M
P _ Gxio 1,

0785" V /C>
fo
~ 17. fq.
A 'Si*/. /6 x/O' 6


- O. 0*13333
L IS-O

PWt^S. <jf efgusf t'ci'i-y .* F - - 2«?H.63Wa P^;,

P=2o<T MP^

” -Q.o^3S~
15500 s f
VVy 1> . "2^ 22 = O.^SS
1
o.o73333

G * 7o„ 3 Hpcc
3

Problem 2.63 2.63 A 2.75 kN tensile load is applied to a test coupon made from 1,6-mm flat steel
plate ( = 200 GPa,
E 0.30). Determine the resulting change (a) in the 50~mm gage
length, (6) in the width of portion AB
of the test coupon, (c) in the thickness of
portion AB, in the cross-sectional area of portion AB.
AsO-tYurt* l*?- 51 i+\

1
- liXx/o'
50 mm
p = 2.75 x JO 5 W id I*

/r~ - l^Mjdd.
A l^xio-*
- |43.im*Jo* p*

- 6* _ 1 43.129*10*
£* - 716. IS'* /o'
E 300 x /O'*
- -(O.SoXHC.. l5*lo-‘) * - £/9.8*fx/D'

1
(a) L- 0.050 ^ §y = /_£. - (O.osroXii^ is^lo" ) ~ 3 5.81* to

0. o 3 *vi ^
(W) W= O.oi^w, wBy- (o.oiaAC-;?/ 4 .ZH * lo
c
) = -2^578^ /o"
6
no

- O.. Q&'ZS
1
(C^ t * 0.00/6 $*.- tf*. - (O.OOiC.M-W.M x/o" ') - -S'-isyxfo'

O-OdOS^S? Wfh

(eO A - wj 1 4 fy'i t>( Ue z )


- w0 to (/+ 5y 45, , gyp, 1 A0 ~ iv0 £>

AA ~ A - lVD t 0 (gy -> Sz rZvJt> ilc>Ey


c r’> 1
= (Z)(o„ouYo.ooic)(-zt<t.8 t»io' ) t
~8.Z5*/o ,*, ? -O. oo^iThw

Proprietary Material. €> 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. AM rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
a

Probem 2.64 2.64 A 2-m length of an aluminum pipe of 240-mm outer diameter and 10-mm wall
tWckness isused as a short column and carries a centric axial load of 640 kN.
Knowing E ~ 73 GPa and v - 0.33, determine (a) the change in length of the
that
610 IvN
pipe, ( b) the change in its outer diameter, (c) the change in its wall thickness.

240 t- to
x z
^(z^0 -170 )~ 7.ZtS7~IO*
Z
l.ZZ57XI&~
goo k;

(64P*I^K 3.o<A s
_ Pi- . _ _ ? ¥27 *.,y
s
AE "
C7.W^?x/0' y73 ^10^)
= - Z- 43 nn
s
- 1. 3.1 S3 * /o~
L 2-<yo

Ejyf.
- - v£ - - O-33X-f.^>33V/0~* )
« 4oo.^ *7o~ 4
c>
(b^ A4 - --(24oK¥^.V^lo‘ i
“ o. 0<?£J h’lfr't —
-4
Ceo At ~ teju * (loX'foa^wo • O.OOHOOw^v -«<
)

Proprietary Material. €) 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
distributed inany form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
Proprietary Material. ©2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc* AH rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means* without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
Proprietary Material, © 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
a X

Problem 2.68 2.68 For the rod of Prob. 2.67, determine the forces that should be ap-
plied to the ends A and D of the rod (a) if the axial strain in portion BC of the
rod is to remain zero as the hydrostatic pressure is applied (b) ,
if the total length
AD of the rod is to remain unchanged.

2.67 The aluminum rod AD is fitted with a jacket that is used to apply
a hydrostatic pressure of 42 MPa to the 300-mm portion BC of the rod. Know-
ing that E = 70 GPa and v ™ 0.36, determine (a) the change in the total length
AD, (b) the change in diameter at the middle of the rod.

,300 min 5(X* mm


0 fL* piA&SS yr Imedi BC
<Sy =r 51,
< •= — S

(£j ) C + 6^ - a>61 f
')

38 rum

(a 'I <Sy^ ttc = o 2^p-f<s^ = 0


‘6^= = - (Z)(0.26, 41 y.it>*’')
AAjf

A » iftfP - & (d.oSS)* * £>“ 3


frC

F ~ A - (l-’/34-x/o^) = -342*? 2 k1

L e. 3 4-°3 kfj Co*p\ressio<A

t ©*a S AB *~J CD 6T* = c; - o


=
(%)*0 *
§
Fov- no oIxva^* in

+* ^0%) Be ^ t-c

(Lag +* L co >16
**
^CcCS^&r ^
f 0 ’S'- o 3 J * + + 6>^ } = O

1
0*1 o* \

Pr A(S^ r (I'nWo'^Mo.riLYtck) a - io-zglb kj

Lc t&z*H c,d»~pv<$z ia*s


Proprietary Material, 0 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. AH rights reserved* No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
2.70 The block shown is made of a magnesium alloy for which E ~ 45 GPa and v
Problem 2 70
~ 0.35. Knowing that 7* - - 80 MPa, determine (a) the magnitude of ay for
< 1

which the change in the height of the block will be zero, (6) the corresponding
change in the area of the face A BCD, (c) the corresponding change in the volume

(b) A& - Lx

A= U((+ L*(! + Z 2 )
- L,Lj

AA r A-A 0
^ Lx L2 C e* + + e^ z ) *
/\A - (iDOivuv\'j^'2S>v\m^ (~’2>.S I > ) o ” I. 29 x 10 ")
AA — ~ l3.iTo ^tv\

& v 0 - Lx Ly L 7

V ' Ly (I + ^kUj (1+ tj) L 7 (l+eC


= Ly Ly L* ( 1
+ + £j +• + £* Ey +• £y <?*.
+
^ + A St ^

AV ~ V- cl/0 - LxLjL, (£„ }c*r'~\ s }

hSiy - ((oo)(U-o X^S )(-3.A| X /o


1
+ O - /„S9*/o^) AV- -5HOv»J ^

Proprietary Material. O 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. AH rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
Proprietary Material. <D 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
2.72 For amember under axial loading, express the norma! strain c 'in a direction
Problem 2.72
forming an angle of 45° with the axis of the load in terms of the axial strain e x by
(a) comparing the hypothenuses of the triangles shown in Fig. 2.54, which
represent respectively an element before and after deformation, ( b) using the
values of the corresponding stresses o' and cr* shown in Fig. 1.40, and the
generalized Hooke's law.

X
1 n

Fig. 2.54

V
*
"Si
Fig. 1.40 (b)

<fc(l4£')

1 +£*
BeFore cleFo^vsAft’tn h d exo/* ? on

1
[-/? f I + e')]* - (i + £*) 4 (i-a/fyV

2 0 + 2£ 4 £* )
5
I 4 2 6# 4- $2 + | - 2^ £* •*-
i
v £ ll
7'

H£' 4 ;?£'
*
2£* 4-
^
He^ec-f as 4£* = 2E*
p
£ • -
-
LzH p
=*-
*

^x V<
t \
f /// *
p '
= J§L'
E

E
_

2A
&

<Y
^
-
^
I

2E ^

Proprietary Material. ©
2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
Problem 2.75 2.75 The plastic block shown is bonded to a Fixed base and to a hori-
zontal rigid plate to which a force P is applied. Knowing that for the plastic
used G= 385 MPa, determine the deflection of the plate when P — 36 kN.
84 hVifH

Co<o sf el -fk-e

piUsti c k-flock

TKe
po/'ee
;& pt siu'tJ

The a^a is A * {*0*+ )(?'**) tn'

Z-Z4-&7S
Sic w *\ si’f'ft'io T
i -
- r
& JgS
0>oo 84-33
^ t'* --

Bui r =
S - i T - #i/n

Problem 2.76 2.76 A vibration isolation unit consists of two blocks of hard rubber
bonded to plate A# and to rigid supports as shown. For the type and grade of
rubber used raM = 1.54 MPa and G — 12.6 MPa. Knowing that a centric
vertical force of magnitude P — 13 kN must cause a 2,5-mm vertical deflec-
tion of the plate AB , determine the smallest allowable dimensions a and b of
the block.

ConsfJf/' +Ji* |**f\ J4


! :
sh easing -fu/ c<?

T4?<? is % ~

P /3 * to 3
o\r fe+vvr
.
A
A '
ar
1
oW^y -J
M
1

Sot A * (3.o) b

b - z ^'05bx8 m b*,^ - $(>'3 t*** ^


b T M*» rxv\?) *2? ~ PS^Affi#

5ke„.:. . slra.'v. . t -
-J-
- - 0. liliW.
If.' s B-f r = -

if
u $N CL J§_ _ >iT
- zo-4^ hu
r ‘
o.mQj.
n ~ lo-S i*/n
Problem 2.77 2.77 The plastic block shown is bonded to a rigid support and to a vertical plate to
which a 240-kN load P is applied. Knowing that for the plastic used G~ 1050
M Pa, determine the deflection of the plate.

A •' {$£>)( 1 20 )r

-
P 'IHovio fJ

SL P Vigwo ? _
“ * ,0 , p
'
A 1.6* to’*
120 Ilf G * I oso */b c

y
'
s ^
&
f Js*loL * ^3 .S/ox/O
g/0 /D
-

Dimensions in mm
h r >'> * O. O^o ^
3N>
§ - (0. 0^0 Y? 3. 3 JO */o

l./9o */o~ I. 09 I

Problem 2.78 2.78 What load P should be applied to the plate of Prob. 2.77 to produce a 1.5-
mm deflection?
2.77 The plastic block shown is bonded to a rigid support and to a vertical plate to
which a 240-kN load P is applied. Knowing that for the plastic used G- 1050
MPa, determine the deflection of the plate.

S ~ I. S ~ L5 * f o* ho

m
h - - So * lo
"' t

.120 116 Hip .


T _ J_ .. i.s»io
1 3<9 * /o~
h 5o*/o'^

G- - 1050 P*

Dimensions in mm
-4 k p Y r &T r (tO$D» L0 )(?>0 « [ O'
i

c
- 31. P * lO

A = (laoXso'i - - 7. & >< fo* Y -

P= TA * (3LS *!(>*)(*.£ *faT


%
v 3£> 2 * /<T M Sp.'MM

M^TE: I* 2.7J 2.82^ ^.27 J 2. 2. B2


rf is «,ssuv^ecf

'tk*.
“tk<ir|

Te^oc^ive
Y <-s "Me
©hspJc<cev*«i*t‘'
favo^ei^f

p^jp^Wi v**'?
~/4> € AWjr -fc

H*
0
cU T . *TV<
*
(

2-79 ^WO blocks ni ^t> cr with a modulus of rigidity G — 12 MPa


Problem 2 79
arebonded to rigid supports and to a plate A/?. Knowing that c — 100 mm
and P - 40 kN, determine the smallest allowable dimensions a and b of the

T ^
CL
6,
~ ( /IY./0 ) oi oo S"3 > -,0/ „ a a
(X
~L

iP P
s4 re«$s r -
~JT
'

-
V 40 » /o'*
-O'tyS ** - /Hint)
w 2CZ '
CzHfitOCb^io*)

Problem 2,80 2.80 Two blocks of rubber with a modulus of rigidity G — 10 MPa
are bonded to rigid supports and to a plate A#. Knowing that b — 200 mm
and c ~ 125 mm, determine the largest allowable load /> and the smallest al-

lowable thickness a of the blocks if the shearing stress in the rubber is not to
exceed 1.5 MPa and the deflection of the plate is to be at least 6 mm.

4 P

:5*f 55 r -
- if p
A ?hc-
h
P - xtc *2T '(i)(0'Z)(o'i2S)(/. $K0 ) » is Lhl

s4 n T -
r
\
a d»

- G-5 r O*v**H0'* °_Q_ ,0‘of * -


(X
Probfem 2.81 2.81 An elastomeric bearing (O 0.9 MPa) is used to support a bridge girder as
581

shown to provide flexibility during earthquakes. ITie beam must not displace
more than 10 mm when a 22-kN lateral load is applied as shown. Knowing that
,

the maximum allowable shearing stress is 420 kPa, determine (a) the smallest
allowable dimension b , (b) the smallest required thickness a.

sK P - 7H>c \c>‘ N
% * H2D * / o3 Pa
^ *•
-
AA - P. _ 5H xfo' _

%
r 5X38/ *(0 tn-P

A - C?oo XfcO
, A _ 5X38
5X38 iJ'jo. _

~ S
f ~f-
G-
r
D. M x ( o«
r H6£.6?x/o'

&) Bof r- 1- = ZhH


T ^(£>.£7 * }Q~S
"

Problem 2.82 2.82 For the elastomeric bearing in Prob. 2.81 with b - 220 mm and « 30 mm,
determine the shearing modulus G
and the shear stress r for a maximum lateral

load P~ 19 kN and a maximum displacement S- 12 mm.

P - I 9 x /O
3,
W
pWZCt. A “ (?0O ~ 44x/O t tv,*,
MM v IO" 5

A MMvIo
*5 m.u xio- ?
?4
43 J 2P*.

* O.^oo

- 43/. 8/ v/o‘
G- *
- s I.OSOWO Pa

* I.OSo MPa. «

M DTE - In piAoU^evv.’i Z715 2. 82. ^


7.%1 i 2.88 ;
®,v,<sA 2. 132,

>f ».S ass fiu+ V Ts f'll* f-a-Mg€.v\p of fb« avt^ cMern^C. This

fv><ike-s Phc ir«J? <nJr l sje, cits r^o.c.« meo't” jprf'o t w»j "ft, "fit*
. x

Problem 2.83 A 150-mtn diameter solid steel sphere is lowered into the ocean
*2.83
to a pointwhere the pressure is 50 MPa (about 5 kin below the surface). Know-
ing that E “ 200 GPa and v = 0.30, determine {a) the decrease in diameter of
the sphere, ( b ) the decrease in volume of the sphere, (c) the percent increase
in the density of the sphere,

pc/- a. soil’d .sjdere <


^K> - -gr
^ ~ - 1*747 X/o

Gy'= S^- = <S" Z = - p *

*
~ ife,
£T -vSV - - - 0-g^»>p = = „ /o& ,;
E -t ZOD-ilcfl
Likewise s -loo* to

-c.
e * £* f £, f £z = - 3&-OX !C>

(a) -Ad = -do £ ~


x 70 0 */o"
e
A * IS *lo /r)

C to
(W> ~l\V * -*2>£ € * - (^747X/£»^ 'jC -3o~o X to“ ') - 5*3 oK/fl

) let* Hi » >wass of sphe<^ r Yn - com fa-ct*,

m * * pv * f>v:(\+el
- *£ - - -
A
I

/°<>
I
2£0+e) hi
i
!4-e
s *
* O e +e^- «. 4 ... ")
i = e -f e e%~~
-4
— S - 3<s>-o v /o

C
y too % r (3^-2) XlO~ ^(lOO
n*

Proprietary Material. €> 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
.

Problem 2,84 *2.84 (a) For the axial loading shown, determine the change in height and the
change in volume of the brass cylinder shown. ( b ) Solve part a assuming that the t

- - 85 ilMii
loading is hydrostatic with ax s? ay ^ .70 MPa, •

58 MPa
o.l 35" i*
105 (JPa
0.33 4
A0 * % d, ,
* ? ( 3s V" ~ s. - SIGHS'* la* m
6
<

y‘o
r A0 k 0 - 7 £G.O&x)(? "nf - 7S6.06X/0" *,*

(a) 6^ = o ^ <5^
= - sr&ticf pa.
y
<s^ - o

% (-^ 4- <ry - i>g; 'j


= ^
'“1tr^r
s
-^.ssmo 4
6
A Vi - b 0 Sy - (l35“ hi»nK- 5T2. 38 */e>"
") se - o.074<& w.*.

e =
{ _ •? >* £~> , c-' . <c"* \ — 0 — % ** } §y _ { <0 . 3V ^/O^y
~
E ^ /oj'xio 1'

-6
•-
-I Z7.8ix'l&

AW * =“ (jc&.o&xtc? )(- l37.S/*/o“


C
)
- -HS.*}

(b) <r* 6^ - Cz - - 70 *tO c f<v 6^ + 6^ + 61= -Zioxio'- fa

+ 6^ - vSi'l - -1^ %
(o.SV^C-yoy/Q^?
)o5~ * [0* 'VL&.&7 xio"

Ab ~
h 0 £j ~ ^
“ - 0.0306
I- -‘
e =
E (SV ^,.5,)=
7 * ' /oi MO*
__ _ 480 „ (0

-
‘tCe - (jC,Q>. 0 £>xio- K~ CgOrfoT^ )
- - SZI ^ tq

Proprietary Material. €> 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. AH rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
Proprietary Material, ©2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. AH rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
)

Problem 2.86 *2.86 Determine the change in volume of the 50-mm gage length segment AB in>
Prob, 2.63 (a) by computing the dilatation of the material, (6) >y subtracting the
original volume of portion AB from its final volume.

2.63 A 2.75 kN tensile load is applied to a test coupon made from 1,6-mm flat steel
plate (E ~ 200 GPa, 0.30). Determine the resulting change (a) in die 50-mm gage
length, ( b in die width of portion AB of the test coupon, (c) in the thickness of
portion AB, (A) in the cross-sectional area of portion AB.

mi -»-j

ca c t

tv\ Yt\f

(a
1

) A* * 02.K».O * II. 17. 2*10’* vj

Vo^o^e “ l~ 0 A0 ~ CSoMh.z') ~

L -

2‘7S*lo %
/43.m*)o e Pa. - s; = O
A0
_ /„-• \ Gy 111. 21 1*10* -
,u e
_ I

~ g- v 6^, - V(Ty - ^
3/(5,, )1 -
B Sooxioi
w !,-.<>
~
‘ 714. IS
|lfc,w x/C>
"

- tJ - -(O.So)(ll6. JS* /cT


3
1 - - 2/4. S4 */o~

e ~ + fA - 286.46 W©~ c
~& 3
- %e. ~ (
e}6o)(
726.HL *to ) - 0.27-5- vmv,

(b) Prow -hke Sc $ t>“K' ow •fo P*^obi

S/ O.OES^I “ - 2S7$ ~ — D.o^oS4-37 ***»


*«•** Sy (?.£>£> *sn>

Tie J

L + % * >SOt O. D35T8/ S0.O5S8I

wusIH V/ - + Sj, ~ 12- 0. 007.513= W.^IHTZ *»*v»

fbrc.kh«s5 t - t* 4 5t » /.6 - o.ooo2H31 - I.SWOSLS

Voi^e. L wt ~ (',£'O.035'8l)(ii. 4^7'/22jC/.ST iJ <?^r4g)r 160.775 r™*®

£& - = 760.275 - 960 0 275T


* mm

Proprietary Material, O
2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
~ —
Problem 2.87 *2.$7 A vibration isolation support consists of a rod A of radius R\ - 10 and mm
a tube B of inner radius R 2 “ 25 mm
bonded to an 80-mmdong hollow rubber
cylinder with a modulus of rigidity G
~ 1 2 MPa, Determine the largest allowable
force P which can be applied to rod A if its deflection is not to exceed 2.50 mm.

Lgrf v* o- t c * Ovz.iT

V'otkec R* £ V ^ Rx

r f
'
• • •
.
ip sfv^ss 'C a.C'J't

On CL cyj?ihtflKc*.^ SvA-CLte

Ch r I £
j

f— Q~ih -r- JL - p -
L '
Hid Lr xnrh
LMr . I.. A

' Gr 2 Tf&hr

J a*\ o'Jts \T&di <X.$ < 4^

An S ^ -y*
/

« _ P

<e-ch To4 &JP <?(e£oip 'v'<S‘ t/ 0 *


P
c_
®
C%c; £ (

it.
'
\ '2ir&h r

- —%-r-
2T1 feh
Jin r f*
i^>
=
Gr h
(A P* - AO
'
P (L ?a
^ ZnGhS
K ' XMTiT)
2irGh R,

w. lOmin * 2 0/0
( . („. 1?, - 25“*^ * O. C^r *1 , K~ 3 o ^*1 =* O. 0 £& yv\

Uv/o c Pa, S-- ;?.,5"o */o


3
*v,

(2Tt)(M /o 4 Vo.o 8 o)^.s&y/o‘’)


~a?o^OT
x
= l6 ^’"° w ,
l6 ^ kM -

Proprietary Material. ©
2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, of
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
P> r \

Problem 2.88 *2.88 A vibration isolation support consists of a rod A of radius R\ and a tube B
of inner radius R 2 bonded to a 80-mm-long hollow rubber cylinder with a
modulus of rigidity C? - 10,93 MPa. Determine the required value of the ratio
Rt/R\ if a 10-kN force P is to cause a 2-mm deflection of rod A.

V" a* V'uAia.P y\&


m
fc, Ove/' ho

cyJ'tnAer < V* ^

0* cl c.y>Pi su^P^ce

h
0
Put 1|J4
of f'o*

r--
d i os r

£
A
is

--

znrh

i i Mi n
1
The is

' ’
27T(?h r

SPe ^ ^ ^ el £ aA~ o*\ a \j e/' V'oJtia,^ dv*


^
JJk - Y'
'

dr
^
jq - y
r jr r — £— .dr
2ir£h V'

Tof o, olef or •ivi & O*


2
>
s f« -=S
2 irGh
p r
r
P
2-nGh
.ita r f'
p
=
-St-
/ M h
(A Pt i-r
- A i?,)

2 n £h A I*

y*
1 . fe.
*
_
*’
~n S* 5 _ ( 2 ir)(io.‘i 3 y io‘ r '
k j.oxo'Ko.ooO
"— -
'
r ’ '- '
'

t.0988
IO y lo
:

Hs = e^£p (uo<?S«') « 3.1


1
C,

Proprietary Material, €> 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc, AH rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
Problem 2.89 *2.89 A composite cube with 40-mm sides and the properties shown is made with
glass polymer fibers aligned in the x direction. The cube is constrained against
deformations in the y and £ directions and is subjected to a tensile load of 65 kN
in the r direction. Determine (a) the change in the length of the cube in the v
Ex - 50 GPa v*. = 0.254
direction, ( h) the stresses rr*, <r
y,
and
15.2 GPii 0.254
li - 15.2 CPa - 0.428

SVye$s- - S'hr^'Vt {o*\$ <x\r<i

<rX Vyx<Ty V ZX(T Z


(W e«
E y Ey f •»- f V'

v tjar x

-ir+i-ir
rr v cr.

^ £ v £.
cr)

€t
~~rr-
VXZ<TX i'vzO'.v

A”.’
'
iJ ?

J W Et
l
ec

E x
Os)

TKe coMstr* io*i5 <KrC Ej = 0


f C3 ^ wi*m CO^Jlt *h«-K5

&$
1 - s; (?)
Ezl

Ey
GJi - ^6- r = 3^6 XT ;

J— _ 0,4» _
is.% ^
f-
ir.a
Oi* Sy “ Q.4286tj,

_ 0.4*3 r- A

ls;a%
**

IS".
. 1«
.._

2 U
yC/
2-
««
0^ -'PAZSGj + 6^

Sofv/m^. 3 t ^ ao ds 1
Sy =
= er7 * o,i3*n

Oh) fe- Vm 0), = £«- -

JL 1

£* = £/ - (0 zsh )(o.\3^m)
J
1 .
-
( 0. *54 Xo, 134913

_ 0.13142 S'*
£*
C
A ~ ( 4 o)^ 4 o) = ICOO = 1600 X' /o' KH*

s'/ *
^ * GOO i
rMir
1 *nto- U r 40 . 6 ^5 /fo
e
TV

Co h -f n i d
O

ptro\o P t'h a e el

pr©vn €<sj Usdi'ow CO w» -H. Sj ~ Oj


e„ -
^ 6-, = gf,-| 6k
=
-
]jj fe- 0.3^6*] -jg 1 1
- (p.»S'#'Ka.o77m)]<S',

6 ** =

Bo+^ By* » 4~0 m'M


S7S^lo
L-Jf
~C
~ JO
(a) 6*. ) r W.6ZS*lo3 P*> = 4H.4 MPa. «*•

6*y * o
6a.
r (o.OWC )(h¥.C 2$V/0 4) « 3.MHS^/O
fc

f>*, = 3*^ MPa. -*

Ftom C*Oj £u *
xf ^ +
4^ IJ*
6*
- (Q^^r^6?.«Tx-/o -) ^ t
3-M^6 V fe ^

Sox- to**
D _ ( (

fsiZxicy)
- 3*3 -73 */o~V

4
(W Sy * 4y^,= (40 w^)(- 3*3.73 vfo" ) * -O.OU9^

Proprietary Material, ©. 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. AH rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
Problem 2.91 * 2.91 material constants £ G k and v are related by Eqs. (2,33) and (2.43).
The
Show any one of these constants may be expressed in terms of any other two
that
constants. For example, show that (a) k ~ GE/(9G - 3E) and (b) v Qk>. 2G)((6k
+ 2 G).

K = G ~
iTPKT) 2 O + 2J )

(oS) It ^ ~~r on' v * 5§“ * 1

k « 2£G
r S[2G - 2£ + 4G I8G-GF
£S

/i
(b '
\ Jl _ g_Q±id)
G- 3(1-
3k - Gk^ = XS+
3l<~ 2.G- * +£ k
^ =• 3k - ZG
Git 4-
'IG-

Problem 2.92 *
2.92 Show that for any given material, the ratio G/E of the modulus of rigidity
i 1
over the modulus of elasticity is always less than - but more than [Hint: Refer

to Eq, (2.43) and to Sec. 2.13,]

G =
WTTo) % - ZU + ^
A ss o»-> e ^ .> O -F oJJ wd' S.'SkfiJ' S <X*\ 2/ 2? 4V ^ po5lf\V«
Ho *

Z4 &F :< 2C/ + i3*3


+L, ± &_ > x
x £ 3
OV*

Proprietary Material. O
2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
F

Problem 2,93 2.93 Knowing that P = 40 kN, determine the maximum stress when
(a) r = 12 (b) r ~ 15 mm.

p =r 4<>fcN £>•* l2St*/yy J -

D _ Jl£_ X olU '

3 (t>j~

“ dt ~ (0'6l?l)(0'Ol$)? fall(oYfo

icti r- /z^ 5- * r ©-/W


F t «n . 2. £4 t k ~ L44

h/Um 1
-£ ?-
(h>) yr /ITmi*,^ f -7T~ * K - 1*84.

K£ _ WY4QK/Q*) _~ ,4
6
A^c*
'

A//W 4
7

Problem 2.94 2.94 Knowing that, for the plate shown, the allowable stress is 1 10 MPa,
determine the maximum allowable value of P when (a) r ~ 10 mm, ( b) r ~
18 mm.

- Ho MPq
O~ IZ& rr\tv\ d - fa 2- hvhv X'0\{>

^ > t.
Aw* - dt * (*i6t,z)(o*oif) * fa t/6yio

(cC\ r = /oj^P' ~ 6» /4/


A '
4i

Fwo., FY^. 2.6*/ 1> IK r Jt*

6- ,
n^it^

p Ak^ ^7«//£x/c -~ co n/
U *
.2*0^
*

(bl r- * O'll K ~
» fa~j £>

- Acs, - Udlk *1±2 Uhl ^isJ, - 7r ^


K "
l-lfa

Proprietary Material. €) 2009 T he McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
^

2.95 For P ~ 35 kN, determine the minimum plate thickness t required


Problem 2.95
if the allowable stress Ls 125 MPa,

At He \u>9c.
'
cJA = 59 -2-4- i 51

i n - 10 mm —
y*

a«if
»*-
s *»
fvot* Fig a. K ~ 2*

K£ KR
4-
S'**-.
Am
>
' -* t
1 -
AC
M He -P.JM t> =
STfc
* ig-
*tO
- *' 316
ru“ § “ ,c> ^^ - o. xS
-

Ftok

T^i f
Fl^ 2.C*/ t

iig- ^ ( '-
( 0*

\Jcl]Io2-
w
0^)

1
^
iS
i
(f
k

2S)u <r)

."He
-

* ec)
/.TO

= O.OU^
u\Ve<?t w>i'vm rruAvi jpJLfe
6-
“*«
,

-

A.-,

IH.-K
- K£
d 8 1

£ - 20 *4-

Problem 2.96 2.96 Knowing that the hole has a diameter of 10 mm, determine (a) the
radius rf of the fillets for which the same maximum stress occurs at the hole
A and at the fillets, (b) the corresponding maximum allowable load P if the
allowable stress is 105 MPa.

*
I o
For He cifcofc<s I 'ioJ/e T * rt S*H-K *

£ 2-
~°' oS&
d loo- (O^OK*-
= T
C\)C0'Oi) ~ 0.00(34
>•- !.. ,’

l
2n,t
"i Ane+ = d t ~(.O'0

FU 2.C4 (X KU - z '8

= Km. p
£ Anef
A»*f o5yiQ ^
(w ? -- -
=. 33'l£k*J

(<A) For -Pi 'JJ&t JD ~ lO o tn.vr\ a - b2-(*'*~


~ -£^~~
~
I* M
~ d£ - (O'OfaZ-) (O'Oi) x 0\00<3 (>2. tr*\

iC -
*>'** "
kWP
~ -
'*
,
- A <SI~x s (Q'Ooo6J.)Cf<?&Kf/j
?2 ?$£>
_
" {,4' ^
2.
'

A” ;
p
From F.- ?.C4 t I}.* <Hf4s£*l£K4iJ.g M« ifo Kth
3
1

2.97 A hole is to be drilled in the plate at A . The diameters of the bits available
Problem 2.97 to drill the hole range from 12 to 24 mm in 3~mm increments, (nr) Determine the
diameter d of the largest bit that can be used if the allowable load at the hole is to
exceed that at the fillets. (6) If the allowable stress in the plate is 145 MPa, what
is the corresponding allowable load P?

A+ £V $
)
)T - ^ IS m
S*
t): § * I.

~
zz 0./2 Woim F >2 2.0H b H
C
A*.,-* - (75;(l2'> ~ mmA - 900 - 9(XO*IO~

6^ K 6> Hi, - A 6lti> _ (900 x-/ 0-^)0 4S^/Q 6 )


K a, /£>

" C2Jxlo' W - 62:/ kM

~ r
A-f fie bo A’ A„*f - (D - 2r ) t ,
a D-^r
V I
I) - /I3.5T ^ Y’'
= '0&.At'<j$ ot o iVc^/e ~t~ 12 n**

K <s Aow a.
- A
Ff
«b - 6ur -••
Pj, . K
WoJ?« r d -T)^2r- r/»l K A ^ ef ( m*"

4
1 2 Vn m \0O.S O.0£0 2.20 1206 * |o' 62.5x|o*
4 c
«?7.5 M7oX 7
1

1-5 **1K4 1

0,011 2.75 JO* /. y lo-

Mm ^0 9H.S M o.oiS' 2.71 113*1 x jo*


1
co, i> jo
3

c
2.1 Mm 1 0.5^^ 0.115 2.C7 ion*io’ Sl.G x io :

c
24 MM (%, O vom rom 0. i3S ?.62 1 062 x fef SB. 3 x /o
a

fct) grl l 1-12.

(b) klL^Ah. 9oJt . C&l kki

Proprietary Material. O
2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to Leachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
Proprietary Material €> 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. AH rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced* or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
. 1 i o

Problem 2,99 2.99 The aluminum test specimen shovm is subjected to two equal and opposite
of magnitude P, (a) Knowing that E - 70 GPa and
centric axial forces « 200
MPa, determine the maximum allowable value of P and the corresponding total
( b ) Solve part a assuming that the specimen has
elongation of the specimen. ,

been replaced by an aluminum bar of the same length and a uniform 60 * 15-nim
rectangular cross section.

S'*// “ 700*104 fk E - lQ-*lo' fk


Mm \
“ 'fO# - 700 * Id* vO~

(Aj XjS^CI £ pec.! yvt e Dr 75 ^vivvi - Go r 5 v

150 JB * J£ = f.25 * a
^ mi A
cd G(J ci 6o
iq

K:

Dimensions in inm

P - ^5.3 kN -*

<e A* - (7s~~Y/£- ^ J
? - 1. 17 S* I m
c,
O r > . ? r
^
k - 12.3oS*IQ^ Jo.yso £.3oo o, IS’Q
E A -
7e> xja”' [.I.OSMo** 'Rooxjo”*’ l.n5 v /o' 3

711*10' $ - 0.11

Ok Uv^ ;
) or ~ >v'

6N 3
A 6J, = C?00 y /£>'* )C2^ * /^ )
- ISOx |£ P ?t IgO.O VU

<; = £L _ A sojdold - t -7
m ^ 0
'
3
r 1.71 H -<a
5

Proprietary Material. €> 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc, AH rights reserved No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation, A student using this manual is using it without permission.
1 b

2.100 For the test specimen of Prob. 2.99, determine the maximum value of the
Problem 2.100 normal stress corresponding to a total elongation of 0.75 mm.

2.99 The aluminum test specimen shown is subjected to two equal and opposite
centric axial forces of magnitude P . (a) Knowing that E~ 70 GPa and ** 200
MPa, determine the maximum allowable value of P and the corresponding total

elongation of the specimen. ( b ) Solve part a,


assuming that the specimen has
been replaced by an aluminum bar of the same length and a uniform 60 * 15-mm
rectangular cross section.

s - 2. f.-U 1 § = O.is *jo-i ^


h A*

t, " L3 “ ISO O. ISO* L, = Soo . - o.Soo ^


A, C JS»>* ) 0 h... i — i » t ^S* | o yv.

~
Aj. ~ (.to® **^\C{Sn\-v\ ^ ^\OC> | O
O.ISo O. Zoo 0. SQ
+ - eoo
l3S*lo“ 4
J

ES _ (7q*;o‘ Ko.~7S*|o~M ,
a
P = 6 oo
S7.S * !D M
* Av

S+ )T a 1 i>tA _ D * 75" yviivy ®|


"
60 *v\ Y*
*

D . is-
r r . _ 6_
1 60 i . 2 S A 60
- O. iy

7.
~ V?
. \< <T

xf _
*
(\.<?^YS?.*T x (o'
‘iooxlo -u IB^x/O 6 P* <5*,* 18*-* M1V
4k S'— S' 6 ^,.

Proprietary Material, ©
2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
)

2.1 01 Rod AB is made of a mild steel that is assumed to be elastoplastic with E ~


Problem 2.101 200 OPa and aY = 345 MPa. After the rod has been attached to the rigid lever CD,
it is found that end C is 6 mm too high, A vertical force Q is then applied at C until
this point has moved to position C Determine the required magnitude of Q and the
deflection S }
if the lever is to snap back to a horizontal position after
Q removed. is

~ c
<R«jW * K*Gy c £3.c n«to X-S45 */o<
= 2L cf<j$*(o s tJ
-0Zm p = o: IJ a ~ 0.7 FAg « o

- i a. 96 7^ /©' w
l-S.*?"* IrN -a
3
('Zoo'SiQiytz.&nxto-*)
~ % ISCkS *lo

%
oso4><lo'

0* ~ 3
S, - I. / 3. 3l9 x /<9” w 3*

Problem 2.102 2. 102 Solve Proh. 2.1 0 1, assuming that the yield point of the mild steel is 250 MPa.

2.101 Rod AB is made of a mild steel that is assumed to be elastoplastic with E-


200 GPa and oY ~ 345 MPa. After the rod has been attached to the rigid lever CD ,

it is C is 6 mm too high. A vertical force Q is then applied at C until


found that end
this point has moved to position C ' Determine the required magnitude of
Q and the
deflection 6 ,
if the lever is to snap back to a horizontal position after Q is removed.

A A6 - 4^ yrjp^ r CS^/7 x/o


S.'rtce foJt AS »s *fc> be

A^y - (Gs.cn «io c


X2So* /o e )
— IS. efo‘tS x/0 3, KJ

+*> 7 M0 = & U Q. - 0.1 FAb ~ e>

<3.,.^- lo.Rx/o3 M
lO. 12.

'
$A * _ SC2 s»fcr*»>
€>'
"
J/7"
" 2.232/ */cT s r^/

S, - 1.1
©' - 2.1Gx/o" s ^ -e
'

2.103 The square bar AB has a length L ~ 2.2 m; it is made of a mild steel
30~mm
Problem 2.103
that is assumed be elastoplastic with E - 200 GPa and rrY - 345 MPa. A force
to
P is applied to the bar until end has moved down by an amount Determine
the maximum value of the force P and the permanent set of the bar after the force
has been removed* knowing that (a) Sm ~ 4.5 mm, ( h ) = 8 mm.

A « r ^oo * ^oo * iO~ v*

gy - l ^ ^ - jU ^H34.r^i_cr ) z.HS* lo~* = 3.795"

c i
(^oo *io 3io .S'* fO* ^
If Sm 5: Sr Pm ~ A<5> - X3 it$*tQ ) "

t tW.xJ : S' - ~= = 15 *>»

sf - S*-S'

M £) m - . t> ***> ^ Sv Pw = S/o.S’v/o


3
U * 310. S' & NJ —ft

- 3,1^5 —
> = 0.7oC«m —
3
fb) Sv. » > Sy - Sio.S" x/o Kl = 3 JO.-iT /< M

^ vy > v*> 3. 79S" w,m, —


Z/0-* The 30~mm square bar AB has a
m; it is made of mild steel length L- 2.5
Problem 2.104 that is assumed to be ny ” 345 MPa. A force
elastoplastic with E ~ 200 GPa and
P is applied to the bar and then removed to give it a permanent set $p .

Determine the maximum value of the force P and the maximum amount Sm by
which the bar should be stretched if the desired value of Sp is (a) 3.5 mm* (b) 6.5
mm.

r C
A “ (3o)(3o) - l0O y* M - JOO*IO~ v*'

^
§y - L £ ry - kOn - i 2 ^X 2d£
loo*
*.LStl = H.sm'*jo *
5
= q.zizs m*,
£ l O’*

eycce^s Sy ^
j~hoS pro c}jc> «- pe*** 6 *e*f
sf of Sp Y^ eKy \ vv\Jwwv t S
;

6 < ?
A<$I = (9oo x/0* )(34iV/o ) * 3/0.$v|o M - SlQ.f UU

Sp - $*, - S - “ Sf Sm ~ Sp * §r

—aft
(<Xl <£)
r 3* 5 Wl m Sm * 9, * 7.81
p

Cb) Sp r ^ ^ 6.v^v*m 4 Hi 3 2 S~ ^ ^
1
~ 1 ^- S' i

Proprietary Material. €> 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies* Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
2.105 Rod ABC consists of two cylindrical portions AB and BC; it is made of a
Problem 2.1 05
mild steel that is assumed to be elastoplastic with E - 200 GPa and ay ~ 250 MPa.
A force P is applied to the rod and then removed to give it a permanent set $p ** 2
mrii, Determine the maximum value of the force P and the maximum amount A,
by which the rod should be stretched to give it the desired permanent set.

40-inm
1.2 m jr
diameter 7 OG»
H
A ac j l.*566«, XfO* Vwv**' /. ’ZSb&'t * t<S
l

30-imn
t &N ?
0.8 m diameter
ft,*-,,
~ A_<S; . (7ot.8&* JO' )(25'OWO )
- \76,"7ir^lo M
I7G..7 kO

§
f_ £V. 4 P'Uc. _ (i7^,.7)$~xfQ s X°^ ,
076.7''*' )(i.7)
(700*10'’ Yl,7S‘6£‘i><iO~3

/-S4 37T*{0 *n -

C”
or x
CT
s
cr , C 2+ KS4V7S w. -si
Sf>

Problem 2.1 06 2.106 Rod /15C consists of two cylindrical portions AB and #C; it is made of a
mild vSteel that is assumed to be elastoplastic with E - 200 GPa and ay* 250 MPa,
A force P is applied to the rod until its end A has moved down by an amount Sm ~
5 mm, Detcnnine the maximum value of the force P and the permanent set of the
rod alter the force has been removed,
40- min
(liumnter

A Aa ~ TjJ
T VVyWx ” * /O
2 z
^A/o) - 256 £H y lO
30-inin Ag c * !.
diameter

6
ft** = A^.6; - (7o6.8<*j‘/o' )^S'Ov/o^)= |76.7tSx/c? N
P~*«- 176.7 /rU -*»
3
P^AB y.VUie. _ 7n4.7/6^/6> )(o.8)
+ f!7^7 A |
oMQjD
EAas p Aqc (?oo/ /o* YjoCSig io'c ) o. (^cox/o'’ )0A$66‘i*to'5 )
-3
/

Sp - S. s' = S*-UgV37^ 3* / £ ~ 3. I G mm

Proprietary Material. ©
2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc, AH rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
)

Problem 2.107 2.107 Rod AB of two cylindrical portions AC and BC each with a
consists y

cross-sectional area of 1750 mm 2 Portion AC is made of a mild steel with E =


.

200 GPa and <ry = 250 MPa, and portion CB is made of a high-strength steel with
E = 200 GPa and ay = 345 MPa. A load P is applied at C as shown. Assuming
both steels to be elastoplastic, determine (a) the maximum deflection of C if P is
1 90 mm gradually increased from zero to 975 kN and then reduced back to zero, (6) the
maximum stress in each portion of the rod, (c) the permanent deflection of C.

ij' O P OCl\JS€ V °fAe


190 min

%.r- Ue Yjte = ,SS^g£l£w£l. a.mrwo*»,

>JZQ •fWc.e - A C^Ac. - ()l£0*l <? * )&SOxiOl )


= M37..T *70 4 N

F„ £A, S. . . ft go y/ o- . ., $7^-, /0* N


Lea
p

C s
F»c-Cfu.Pr)'0 f?»Fv-F«» = S7S*tO N
i'u+p
Smce JW f>*
Z
cnS*IO N > 87£'x/O
i
VJ
por'Ko* AG y
i eJ7J % .

Fcb = £>c.
- P = W^*.l&-97S*'l03 U--= -S27.S*l<? A/

- - * g37, - 0.21179 *io~* *


(a.) $C /
E A 0 <X> /(O** )(l 75D
•= 0. #»*» ^
(t ) MttVims»A gjr<age» : ~ HP«.

Si. =
7^ « - = - 307. W WO* iv - -307 MP«, —
(c^ Defied /o»
7

* -“ "IT~
*
C.' EtC^-AC _
' _ Qt'Lcft »
** £7
He# '
- «.
^ L&
CT
4a
- _ £7*
Kc
3
F' = T75V/0 = P^-Pd * =•
W7.S*/o* P
*** , (W.^y/o3 )(o.^o) -0 m
® Uoox/o’ )(a5bvio'* Y
*a'*2QHM*l<*
c

3 s
~ - 9* T 0.11171 Ho' - 0. 2CMCf>/cT =
9p
- b-QZL7' *?»i

Proprietary Material. © 2009 The McGraw-HiU Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
t

Problem 2.108 2.108 For the composite rod of Prob. 2.107, if P is gradually increased from zero
until the deflection of point C reaches a maximum value of Sm ~ 0.03 mm and
then decreased back to zero, determine, (a) the maximum value of I\ (b) the
maximum stress in each portion of the rod, (c) the permanent deflection of C after
the load is removed.

2.107 Rod AB consists of two cylindrical portions AC and BC each with a ,

cross-sectional area of 1750 mm 2 . Portion AC is made of a mild steel with E -


200 GPa and “ 250 MPa, and portion CB is made of a high-strength steel with
<ry

E “ 200 GPa and ay - 345 MPa. A load P is applied at C as shown. Assuming


both steels to be elastoplastic, determine (a) the maximum deflection of C if P is
gradually increased from zero to 975 kN and then reduced back to zero, (b) the
maximum stress in each portion of the rod, (c) the permanent deflection of C.

*4 "
C is r 0,30 mm, c orwsy

^ - S
m KJ 78 9
'.S ”
* f'-'
lO~
L ac
i

I
& f i *

S
. JiB. r - .&3gjS^ - - /.S78?*/o-
i-C6 1^0 wivi

a-F tw»4i«.P y CsPd l

C - - 2^0X10° _ -r
s /w- oj- 1
E
£ c6
£v/,c6
-
0 s-^ks* g - AOSjflO* -
r -
_ 1.72£>/©”
i.72SV/o~* w
(eAsf/c
^ )
'
O'-
E
£ ROOKIC*
7.00 K |0*»

ta> Forces : F^, - A6"r « O?^ WO'* )(2S*> */<?*•) * H37.r*/0~*

F* = EAtc4 - (2C0K/0 7 )(l7^b x/0~‘)fr )* *{0* M


Ft>^ ejoifA'li**. <3 c-Pe^cnt *.4 C_, Sc”-
Sc l3
Fee - “P =
s o
°
Pr F<c- Fc£>
- <V37.sv/oV 6 */o5 = ^io.i >< ic? t) * t9o kl) -o

(Jb) Stresses ' Ac 6^ - OVjAc ~ 2^“D MPa.

(c) PefJWfioH Ojnjo JLri .


n
s -

-e
7— —nr - - '« - - r“ - ~ F*
P‘- =ni>J*/cfw •-
Rl • q«;or><7o* w
c' (ilf.OS'xlC?)
S
-
- ,
rr'SwT^
(2c© X(Ol)Cl?^C7 XfO *)
;nrr w o. ICB m Y O m - O.ZG 8 /‘i *,*.

^K. - S ' - 0.$O - O.M7H «m ’ 0.03/


« O

Problem 2.110 2J10 Solve Prob. 2.109 T assuming that the cables are replaced by rods of the
same cross-sectional area and material. Further assume that the rods are braced
so that they can carry compressive forces.

2J09 Each mm and is made of an


cable has a cross-sectional area of 100
2

elastoplastic material for which ay ™ 345 MPa and E ~ 200 GPa. A force Q is
applied at C to the rigid bar ABC and is gradually increased from 0 to 50 kN and
then reduced to zero. Knowing that the cables were initially taut, determine (a)
the maximum stress that occurs in cable BD f (b ) the maximum deflection of point
C, ( c ) the final displacement of point C (Hint: In part c% cable CE is not taut.)

Le+ 0 ” 'reck;**

&
y
~ %3&. _ Set?
L Afi *
XTjvc

i. c
JL

00 Ct
Er ej^ op Lay ABC,
^ ^
* ^
,'P,' £> r i

j
=$ *3IM, = o: * UcE e - UQ-o
F„ . iaFc „
- Fe£ *|Ci 0 <

&
Ass^^c Ga-LA? CG is yirjj^ej. Fc _ f AG^ — ( loo* to )(Z^S*f O6 ) r 3H.S % to
a
H
3
F^(n) Fao= ^(^Q-FrV ^)Cso*ld i
-Z‘*.5'^!o
>
-) 31.0 x/o KJ

Fsp
bo < A Gy r S^.S* it? tixJLJe 8D is eiAj-h'c wl><M <3 fcV.

reo \A
(cC) H ^O ury stresses
5~F^-es5es .
, 6ce = 0V = 345“ Mp<*.

S*> -
' %A
¥ '
- ^-
loo x
?,Q * !

°l
to- c - sio* (o‘ *> n 6i» ' 3I« HP-.

Zb") M >
^ cM^ec>r [ t
3 ppr^i
r> C. ,
>

F«L, (3).oxlo'*)U -3
- )

c 3J X/O nn
(2.00 > l * )(/ CxO V ( o” 7

F™~ (0 (Sc) « See - 2 5eo - G.2 x/o" 1 »n J/-*a

ijyi Ppftgl* i
. a'= ^ ,
s c; =•
si o ^ Wo = i s;
E JUsf to c- ' - FA^_~ C^oo^/o’Yioox
' io‘
6
Y£Se .'')

r Sxl._
° t S- ,, /

e£, ~'
Lao t
[T ' - FA Sjg , \Zoqv fo )f/oc?y/d" <? s
XS>c.
f

) _ / 0),y 0 «> g
'

Q> Ac;^iFe |^.^x/o c


'

FV^ta) '
r sc

EdjOcA e^pi^ss' iwj -Poa ^ /^.A* (O §&


c
* So*io'
3
%1 “ ^ x' /o' Ho

1
(o')
1

Fi nci diLfil Aeg Et. S c = CSeV** e^v/o -


/I
^5.^0 - ^
^ o

Problem 2.111 2.1 1 1 Two tempered-stee! bars, each 4.76 mm thick, are bonded to a
12.5-mm mild-steel bar. This composite bar is subjected as shown to a cen-
tric axial load of magnitude P. Both steels are elastoplastic with E 200
GPa and with yield strengths equal to 690 MPa and 345 MPa, respectively,
for the tempered and mild steel. The load P is gradually increased from zero
until the deformation of the bar reaches a maximum value 8 m ™ 1.016 mm
and then decreased back to zero. Determine (a) the maximum value of P, (b)
the maximum stress in the fempered-steel bars, (c) the permanent set after

the load is removed.


^ mni

JU A, v (o” /2 5") (o<o Bog ) sr


la2>£ X t* ^
- Ljy. ,o“V
s Yl
E XlO 1 ,
-
~ (s

f-o v' tempered sfee>P A^“ 2(o‘Oo4l6>)(o °£°Q)~4-$ 3'(>X ,


r
to m

§f -. iSi fVUFVf.lv- i

j.
,.
_
zzs
2.2-5 f.(0
", ,
1^,
- b Z-.

To+.i av'-eci. ' - A, -i- A, - I n 8’ 5*io ^


^ tu t si~eej yleljs . Tempere*/ sfce7 »'s eAtshc,

(a) Pastes P, - A, 6Tri (cK/

6
p t PA 2 S^ (200x10^,) C‘^^S4’y«o )^.Qof t> /fc<)
O' 5 55"

p =•
p, + H = 445*4 tN

Cb) sses
S+r>esses 6^ = - * Gy, r £4L Avffj?

6;1
-
= a , ,
-
~ 512'
512* '
M-P^
4- M-P.
A, 4&'6*i<f

UtnPo&di Hi
/ _ pL _
(44^ot.)^o^S5-) ^-
O'l&lKlo ^
EA ^PeoXit1
n,
(miHxia 9
)

(Cl p€/'w,an€^t S«f Sp - S^-S* -• l*c> — 0 7 <f 1 - O * 2. 24


« «v» Hi,

O Z* ?

Proprietary Material. €> 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
2 ^

Problem 2.1 1 2.1 12 For the composite bar of Prob. 2. II 1 if P is gradually increased >

from zero to 436 kN and then decreased back to zero* determine (a) the max-
imum deformation of the bar* (b) the maximum stress in the tempered-steel
bars* (c) the permanent set after the load is removed.

2.111 Two tempered-steel bars* each 4.76 mm thick* are bonded to a


12. 5 -mm mild-steel bar. This composite bar is subjected as shown to a cen-
tric axial load of magnitude P, Both steels are elastopiastic with E= 200
GPa and with yield strengths equal to 690 MPa and 345 MPa* respectively*
for the tempered and mild steel. The load P is gradually increased from zero
until thedeformation of the bar reaches a maximum value 8^ - 1.016 mm
and then decreased back to zero. Determine (a) the maximum value of P, ( b )
355 mm jjfjl the maximum stress in the tempered-steel bars* (c) the permanent set after
the load is removed.

HJJ sfeeJ? A t
o£oir) ~ h
Tempered s+ee^ A* - ^(o>oo^&)(6io£o£)-W?'Ui o*

A = A>*A, = ^
Jl J S"f e ej?

6V, - 9y - A6V, M
V > Py 0 s teeJP y!eJ?ds-

Let- F, = -fotrce CCI rv'teJ by Jj sfeel


P% ~ fo/'t.e coii^ri'e^t ty -fe/io^ev^o/ siee^

P, = A, GT, = =2f^<>7T M

P, + P* - 9 p - p-p, - h booo if N

b
£ Aa (>eo*io1 } (4f3'6ic(p J

-
Uf WSV
<s; 6 = 4Ar8-Xhl
46?'

PL ($?(> Otr* )lO •


U«foc4i«< = O'^ZXfO M - 0412-KK.

§/> SK -§ = -» 0 *
6*f 2. ~ O » I C> 4- ^

Proprietary Material. O 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies* Inc, All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced* or
distributed inany form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
) * ^

Problem 2.113 2.113 The rigid bar ABC is supported by two links, AD and BE, of uniform 37.5 x
6 -mm rectangular cross section and made of a mild steel that is assumed to be
elastoplastic With £^ 200 GPa and &y = 250 MPa. Tbe magnitude of the force
Q applied at B is gradually increased from zero to 260 kN. Knowing that a =
jlgpi 0.640 m, determine (a) the value of the normal stress in each link, (b) the
maximum deflection of point B.

s+ofe : IM, o: (a -Pee)- 7M PAO = O


- SA ~ 2. &j Se - <ZQ - O. 'iHO 3

*— - — 2.64 m 3 bJ^ctsFc'c A Y\*aJy 5 r'$ *

A - (37. £") (c ) - 2ZS ~ ZZS~ fO -/K

Pto = SA =

“(26 ^7*IQ e )(2.£H 9) = C?.8 8Wo‘ 6

6* - -2^- - 310.6 x Id' 0


Ad

pBe 3
f^-s^ -Qggigg fegs g^s, * w<(0 ‘ s ,
p
e 6
- l
( is>t l0 )(o.6‘io 3) - 28.80 x/O &

67* - i?» 123 k/O* 0

Fro*v. S}a4( Q-~ Pee +


Hf0 P At> * Pee + 4- P,

[28.30x/o + (4J2S‘)(6?.g£y/o4 )]0 = 3/7.0SX/O 6 0


fc
-

0y y / A’O €T AD - ~ 2<i>0 x/O - 3 lo . 6 x/o 0


~6
0y =• S09.S9 *lO
4
Qy -( 317.06 x/d & )(3o¥.S ?x/o' <
)
- 255.2 *lo 3
A/

3
firi Since Q. - 26© x/o > j
J>.*lr AD yle^s. 6/0 = 2!To MRa.

6 6
"Pfco S A $V » (225x/o' )(2SOx/o' ) - S&.Z£*IO~ bJ

Sb^ticij Pee = Q~ 4.125 PAo - «ld -W. /2S~)(S(,.2S v /o


3
)

P8t - 27. 97 fT
°ee
- ~
A a
-
'
27. gr7x/o
^*IO
225x10“
3
_
'
/ou 2 x/x) 6 -
f>-
«
= Mp*
C - Peeves _ ( 27.97 xto’X/.o) _ rr> .* ...
— £2 OO ^ l&
.

(d c)a ~ Vv^
)
a
EA
r" / n
(2oo <7\T ~t~~
*ioi)(2ZS»io-'*
/

SB = o.eaa^ *
. ) o

Problem 2.114 2.114 Solve Prob. 2. 11 3, knowing that a ~ 1.76 m and that the magnitude of the
force Q applied at B is gradually increased from zero to 1 35 kR
2.1 13 The rigid bar ABC is supported by two links, AD and BE, of uniform 37.5 x
6-mm made of a mild steel that is assumed to be
rectangular cross section and
elastoplastic with E - 200 GPa and ay- 250 MPa. The magnitude of the force
Q applied at B is gradually increased from zero to 260 kR Knowing that a “
0.640 m, determine (a) the value of the normal stress in each link, ( h ) the
maximum defl ection of poi nt B.

Stakes : 2M C ^0: 1.76 (Q~ ?Qe)-2XV PAO = o

Pfic i l
Osfo'C j- l ots, - S6 ~ I.7B- &
An
Q
{zPasPic

A = (37.6-5(6) =
a. Jy s Ts ;

2ZS ^ - 72S*\Q~''

p - FA c _ (2O0*/o*) C
'
Tk ^ hi ‘ 5* ^6.</7W $A
e
= (2C>. 17*lO ‘)(2.QH Q)
t - Gf.8&»/O c 0

6^ d -
^ - 3 /O. 6 *'/o* e

P6E -
(
yi°k tQ? ^^~ y/p'^ § -
= 45x|o‘S
L
ySxlD 5 ae *= (4S*!O
(45*lO )0.7C
fc
= f^*S
Lee
6 - .

l*c>
s 0)
)0*7C 9
77.2*|O fe
0 6* ~ £ss “
- v /d 1
- S"ee
eE » 332
352 0
A
o-jvhcs, Q. - P« e + PAD = PeE + I- 500, *PAo

= [73.2*10* til .500 ')(£?. S&x/O 6 )] 0 = iTg.^^/O 41


0

&
9y *4 of ikk 8 ir <S6e - Cy - 25 o */o - 352 * io H
Gr
c
Oy = 7 0
f . 23 */o“ '

Q.y - (|78.£2*|Q 4 )(7f0.23*IO~‘ ) = 1X6. ?6v/0 3 |\/

Since Q. a 133/ to 3 /)
1
> .Pint Be yields 6-gg. “ ,6*y r 2.SO HPol *"

a
A 3
PB £. = A6)
A 6V -
* )(25o */
0?25*io- )(;?5o
(225>'lo' v/ 0 ‘ ) - 3TG.25 */o /v

Frow, S-fa^fi CS
s-f*4-i‘cs j
t
P^o “~
P.o L&b (Q ~
~ Pi*£^ = 52.5 */o s

(3
Ad
*a
D
it
-
Pao
E&a
A
_
r
'
^5 /o'*
52.5 x/o
izs'xlo^
725:
3
»/ ?*
x
, . . _ ^ 33,3 */o
c
r 233 MPa

o _ s
f-Aim St’5
Si's df
of
1

A 0 r
gy"ggS7(F
~ 7S .T-^xfO
/ v^aJ!

Se
§3 “
r 1.76.
1. 76. 0 -
r /. 322
323 * lo
^
»v%
Se = 1*322 ww, 4 ^
*

Problem 2.115
*2.115 Solve Prob. 2. II 3, assuming
magnitude of the force
that the applied at Q
B is gradually increased from zero to 260 kN and
then decreased back to zero.
Knowing that a ~ 0.640 m, determine (a) the residual stress in each link, (b) the
final deflection of point B Assume that the links are braced so that they can
.

carry compressive forces without buckling,

2.113 The rigid bar ABC is supported by two links, AD and BE, of uniform 37.5 x
6-mm made of a mild steel that is assumed to be
rectangular cross section and
elastoplastic with E ~ 200 GPa and tfy
- 250 MPa. Hie magnitude of the force
Q applied at B is gradually increased from zero to 260 kN. Knowing that a ~
0.640 m, determine (a) the value of the normal stress in each link, (b) the
maximum deflection of point B .

See +o 2* M3 4W 44-e s4re^5es

- ISO *lO * Va &GB ~~


129. 2» X (0

~ x'/o ir?

The ^Jks4i*c i* f-U b=> Problem 2. M3


“Vo -pli e (Jin Po *1 « cj

c
Cl - 3n.o&*io 9'
' Ql _ 2go *to -6
e 3 I?. 06 WO 3 17.06 Wo *
- 82.0.03*10

4
6ao'
* 3JO.£ WO 1 <9 (3IO.£»lo' )($Xo.os-*iQ‘)
r
* 2SH.io yio “pa

C = 123 */«?’ 0 (U3 WO*)(2;io.o3Wo~


t
) = I OH. 46 v /£>
b
'Pa.

Sa * O. C4o O' = SZ8.82 xiO~C„

(ex') ReW-sliJfc-i s}fes5<


>e<s

4-

^“ ^ao “ ^ao " 25c> ~ 23*4.70 WO* -


-
-4.7o*/o c Pa
- 4.7o MPo^ -«*

6
6; ~ 6:ee 6« -
fc 124.3 Wo* - I OH. 46 WO* 14.34 v/O Rt
14.34 MPa
_t -*
(U G2 1.33 >IO - 324. 82 WO
4C. 7/ 70 “^ - 0.0467^^-1 -*»
6

Problem 2.1 1 2.116 A uniform steel rod of cross-sectional area A is attached to rigid
supports and is unstressed at a temperature of 7°C. The steel is assumed

to be elastoplastie with <j y •“ 250 MPa and E * 2G0GPa. Knowing that


a - 11.7 X 10^ 6 /°C, determine the stress in the bar (rz) when the temper-
ature i vs raised to 160°C, ( b ) after the temperature has returned to 7°C.

Co^re^i\/e
1

"P he "Hut

ev^i^iVic e’Ocjf on -fo ft e *

% - ~ + totCAr) =r - §|ir + L o( (Ar) r =

CATV - Ji- r -to 6* £ "c


C^ooyno^)(H‘ly>o-^J

6*d AT-fto-l ~ is 3 °c > (ATr )

(gO YV *0**V<j 6" = » 2iR)M.p<^


-6V
Coof.v^: (ArV -
#
s « §p + s; - + Lot (AT} •= o
*• ? EoUAT) =r

- - Xi0*>)ff/'7x(oM ( I&?,) = — Xs£


ft') <J sfrcss

6^ -r
-Gr - e' = -2SZ>X{O^*r£K( 0 6 -/<#
t

Proprietary Material. €) 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Ail rights reserved No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
-

Problem 2.117 2.117 The steel rod ABC is attached to rigid supports and is unstressed at a
temperature of 25 °C. The steel is assumed elastoplastic, with E- 200 GPa and
555
250 M Pa.
The temperature of both portions of the rod is then raised to 1 50
6
A= 500 mm' A„ 300 mm 3 °C. Knowing that d ~ 1 1.7 x 10' /°C, determine (a) the stress in both portions
MA \ C \ of the rod, (£) the deflection of point C.

= Soo x/O' wT
4
l Ac =• a \so *
c
— 150 Hint - 250 mm
3oo*lO o.2SO ^

Co/'S’Vv-gin^'}* • S-j-
” o
A B A/ ~f~o etc i a poz-ruM C. 8 .

r _ £JUs _ £i-£@ - »
Ae oUAt
1 ^
-

FA«. F/W
AT - lr^ A
'
Aca
c s
p ® Pr » A^gSV
<s
Af = (Sooxio'' X^5'^^/o ) - 7S'*7o l7

Py Lac , Lc.& \
(AT) f
L>,aFot Ace. AeG J

75" x i.o
:

Oj£c> OA£o
6 ^ - ^.812.^
(0.H0o)(2ooxf£> )0L7^/o* <i fc
) \
5o<5x|o' 3ooxiQ-<

AeAo*f AT: 1SQ°:C- 2S*C * IZS°C > (AT)y


s
For- AT > (AT) y p * FV = 7sxio N

7S* ?Q 3 - ISO
<a) x |q‘ Pa. r - \SO HPcc
5oo *{o~ & S*Ac

e; e = “= "
-<5V s; 0 ^-2SO MPa.

(b'i For- AT > (ATV p 0*A l


or^ AC v'e.*v'A.t’ns> o.$ c. •

PyL,
S
c/A
+ L At d(Ai )

FAac
~ —
^- ° ^ (

7( Zooxio^LSooxio-*) + (0 isoXu.7*
,L
6
io~ Yias) = ,

t I
- 6
$>yiC.(£. jpc> 1 ro*!" A is STcc-Ti on £1^1 ~ ^c/A~ I 0G.^\xlD >y>

Sc -
8 v r 1 .\ ^

Problem 2.1 1 *2.118 Solve Prob. 2.117, assuming that the temperature of the rod is raised to
150 °C and then returned to 25 °C.

H= SOff.inn 2
A- 300 mm*
2.117 The steel rod ABC attached to rigid supports and
MA \ £ \ temperature of 25 °C,
is

assumed elastoplastic, with E =* 200 GPa and


The steel is
is unstressed at a

ar~ 250 MPa. The temperature of both portions of the rod is then raised to 50 1

°C. Knowing that a~ 1 1,7 x lO'V'C, determine (a) the stress in both portions
of the rod, (b) the deflection of point C
150 mm U-
'•
250 mm

A*." 50O*/O‘‘ Lac - O.ISO


t 3’
Acj- 3oo*icT f" l^8 - o ?Sa
. ,

* Sp + S r “ o
'

De'f -
^ >'
v, A pa GciOSg
y
t k in por-PuM C.(3 „

_ JALa& i
/ a~t \
L AeOC{.A
,

FA«. EAfe
)

P f Uc
At
^ .
Left
Las Fc4. V Aac

Af P = Py * AcgSV = (300x10 6
Xllfox/cf) - ISxIcfU
fV / Lac . Lea \
Laq£^DC \ Aec Ac,Q J

75~ x |,o^ o./Ao OA£o


j

0~ &i Po.8 12. °c


{O.HOo)(<ZOO*.W‘ X\\.l'*lO~ i (
') \ SoQk 3 oox[q-

AoW? A i : l&0°C-2S°C* I2S


0
C > (AT\
For AT > (AT) y p - pr ^ 7vS x io
3

CoJv'o^: (AT' * 1
25° c
£U ol(ATV
+
la,. tct;
£
IZooxlp' V 0.4ooUH.7» I0* )(|2S )
o,-j-5c? O.^go = 10 3, ^35 x UF K)

£(70 x jtr* 3(io x jo*

%
4brec: P«J- P'-Py « 1 6 3. US * It?- lS*lo - 28.235'x/o^U 6h^K>*A

(a'i
C<tf Pestolc/cJ? fi* 6.
6;AC. r Bts-
Bch i F5 A4-= * C 6 c MPct .-a
A6.5
. r $00*10-1 (

- jxss ?%».2-S5T* /P
(5
ca '
3,oo x - 6£6- !
MPa. -•
Aca it?

~ yF’a
^ ~
(bt fer-rtaangylt gje-PJ^&T ((>8 C>P po.'«p Q. § '

£>r
“ O..0M2 M *v?»w
o

Problem 2.119 *2.I19 Bar AB has a cross-sectional area of 1200 mm 2 and is made of a steel that
is assumed to be elastoplastic with £ ~ 200 GPa and a Y =* 250 MPa. Knowing
that the force F increases from 0 to 520 kN and then decreases to zero, determine

^ca
~
'Btc ~ F= Soo *id “-
s
= - ZZ x lo N

-Q.tgo) 3
~ _ _ Peg, Lea _ » 3333 x'/o m
e
FA (2eoy |0 1 )02oo x iO" A )

Jk. 3*0 **°?


^06 -
A
=
Uoo xto
- -|g$. 333 XfO* P*.

S' r P*e L»c, _ Fc 8 eft ts


(F
E-A FA E•A

~
•p ' ( kt£ + %- \ = J LtG -
** K.ea
1

FA EA /

PAc —“
1
/
FU . (-SSo xfo )(©'• 4Mo -o.l* o)
3
O.H'tO
3 73 ./S Z^lo
3
Lfce, *- L«.a

3 S ~ 3
P
r cfa
'
=
n: - f =*
37 g.m*(o ~S2o*L° - 1H|. . 3/3 x/o
3
_ n: _ 378- IZZ*10 r
- c
' 3/5-. IS *, j <|o Pa.
6"/*C.
A ( too xlO'^

_ Pbc. _ _ im.BMxto* = - x/O


4
Pa
6^ A l7oo xio~*
! 1 8 . /£*

•3
c ' (378. fSZ ')(o.\Zo') OJ D<?/ X\0~ W\
S>o (ZOo x C 2oo x o
( ! | M
1
$ c - S' S o. *<*3333 *(o'
3
- 0 molt* to* « o.l&nxio *
(o_) s, 0 *
r
.

o.
4
- -£!>.* */0 fA
urn*^ ^
(b'i <5^ r - 6^ = *5-0 x/o‘ - 3/S. is-*
= -6S". * MPa
6™ r-«
- Cfc© “ S'cg' ' -
C
l^3.^S3y/0 + N8. IS2X/0
6
r-65?x|O s
P*
>
- - 6S“.3. -=*
.

Problem 2.120 *2.120 Solve Prob. 2.11 9, assuming that a =* 1 80 mm.

*2.119 Bar AB
has a cross-sectional area of 1200 and is made of a steel that mm2
is assumed be elastoplastic with E ~ 200 GPa and cry ~ 250 MPa. Knowing
to
that the force F increases from 0 to 520 kN and then decreases to zero, determine
(a) the permanent deflection of point C, (£) the residual stress in the bar.

\a - 120 mm

F “ ( 2 OO M * / 2 OO / I O
e
Fo»r r C
4x> _AC- "Pac A(Tr = 0?OO>'/O* “)CaS‘O>'/O ')

= 3oo x'lo
3 hi

Fo/ l}StO* p
r +p 1
ep,
_ pR
1

S
Hr* Fcb ~ "Ric " F - 3oo-x-(0 - Szo y/c^
~ -
23.0 y(O z V
(^ovlo^Co.VVO-o./ao) _- „ 23S333 X/O
St* - O .
w.
c
( 200 xlO ')( l?oO KfC>~
c
)

Pea _ _ 2%C?X/ &?*


- - /S3.SS3 Pa.
1 3 OO / {O' 6 -

Un fod
o'- PaJL
EA
Ac.
'
'H rc(j teg
fea i< (f-Pa^u
PC Pc. . Lea
£A
fU
fc A £ta EA
Phr *
r CSZO y ic? ^ (o. 4 4o - o. &o ) I
3

O.Wo - 307.2?3^/O M
Lac+ L<
3
Pea “ PJ-F - Zo7.7l3*lO
i>
- v /O = - 3f2. 7X7 * id AJ

(3Q7.373x/o g (oj&o ) "}___

O. 00 X 10 * )02°° y °" i
,
i
)
o.izoyss y/o ^
3
PA c' _ 301. 2 73 * !Q
~ 2S£>.0&\ >f to* ?a
A ixoo a fO-fi

-
I
WMv
200 X /o~
lO
c
*
_ _ \T?.273yl°"P

<r 3
(c0 SC p "
o<. - O.Z32333 */o - 6.33 OYiTx/o - O.ooii% x to

- 0.0078 g m*v,

(b')
6*
fe - 2SOxlo‘- 1S(,.06! xlo" * -6.O6//0 c P*
- -6.06 HPc*.
4
6Ct8 - - **>95.333 y/O + 117,213 XIO 4 - — 6.0^ x/o
— Q.OC ptpe». —*S
*2. 121 For the composite bar of Prob. 2 J determine the residual
Problem 2.121 1 1 ,

stresses in the tempered-steel bars if P is gradually increased from zero to 436


m and then decreased back to zero.

2.111 Two tempered-steel bars, each 4.76 mm thick, are bonded to a

12.5-mm mild-steel bar. This composite bar is subjected as shown to a cen-

tric axial load of magnitude P. Both steels are elastoplastic with E “ 200
GPa and with yield strengths equal to 690 MPa and 345 MPa, respectively,
for the tempered and mild steel. The load P is gradually increased from zero
until the deformation of the bar reaches a maximum value d m — 1.016 mm
;i ;i
12.5 mm and then decreased back to zero. Determine (a) the maximum value of P, (b)
355mm ,,

i
the maximum stress in the tempered-steel bars, (c) the permanent set after
the load is removed.

:
s+eef A ,
- CcMolZiO ( o »
oSo^) » Y/ «»
^
^
T * Lz)(°'Oo4ru>)(o>osttp)=r4-&2.6'f-loK?

T 1 A - A, +-A
a ^
farce 4** ytcfd 'hkc

SV, -
^ Pr -~
A6"n

P > P^ ^
fte/e^d^e r«< J #1 y/eAds

U&+ P, “
Pj. 5 4W"c.e
C«»/V''e«st

cft/vSe*/
Wy trvi M sUeJ
p, - A, 6^ « W~Xio*) -^<61?
s
P, + Pt *
- P
p A P, * P-f> = 436* /o'- y/o = W-.
J
61" = SiO£L -- 4^-7 .

A, 4£?*fcXf<>

U* ^#u4in^ ST* *
<s-'«

4 - = si*).? «A.
ni^cxip
Qe.'iiJtotJ) st/xtsscs

mM shejp 6i ^ » 6; - (S'* * « - 44-. £

ie**'pe>Ae<4 &4ee^ ^J - 6\- 6^ - 4<NP«'7 —


- ff"*)

Proprietary Material. O 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Al! rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
o

*2>122
For the composite bar in Prob. 2.111, determine the residual
Problem 2,122 stresses in the tempered-steel bars ifP is gradually increased from zero until
the deformation of the bar reaches a maximum value 8 m ™ 10 turn and is then
decreased back to zero,

2.111 Two tempered-steel bars* each 4,76 mm thick, are bonded to a


12. 5 -mm mild-steel bar. This composite bar is subjected as shown to a cen-
tric axial load of magnitude P. Both steels are elastoplastic with E - 200
GPa and with yield strengths equal to 690 MPa and 345 MPa, respectively,
for the tempered and mild steel. The load P is gradually increased from zero
until the deformation of the bar reaches a maximum value S m ~ 1.016 mm
and then decreased back to zero. Determine (a) the maximum value of P, ( b)
the maximum stress in the tempered-steel bars, (c) the permanent set after

mm the load is removed.

„ _ ,

He
. .

f 11^: i (
For ^'44 sfeei* A, ~ (o- o I'lS )(^o ioSc?^)s Mo
'zSMl
^
C .
-
L6y,
-g- _- (0-3SS (?^-Srx,o0 - „ „ .'3 »*,
o.bixn*
r .

f-o^ j-e^pe^ed &4eeJ? o

g = “MP 3 - r ) .. j

ET >crt> ZlQ*'
'
b Xy
A
To+ft/ ci/-€a * A * A, + -(((§'£> Kfo

Sy'l
< S*, < Sft 7~A-e /ntlPd sfe&jp ields . I e^pered sfe^f >s ejhs he .
y
Forces - (6?ri<ur
i
)(i‘ts*ioV ~ Fa)
F, A.6V, -

6,
p _ E A 2 Sm .OnrojOd'U C 48-'i'i>Y.tt )(oy 0 cl 0 6) \

21 £,.£* M
* L o-«?rjr

'resses Gf ” ~ GVi “ 1 4- if Avff*

8
o1 s 4r- r 12MLyiP - £la.-4-Mp4

L)hi^0a4i ng
IS!*'
?e.s : J
f sfre5ses

6^5 - 6 ;
- 6" - i*AT - 3

- <5* “ £ 7 3 * 4* — ^' 7 - ixq^|


J
2j «S

Proprietary Material. €> 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
) 1 )

Problem 2,1 23 *2.123 A narrow bar of aluminum is bonded to the side of a thick steel
Q
plate as shown. Initially, at T\•*= 2 G* all stresses are zero. Knowing that the
temperature will be slowly raised to T2 and then reduced to determine (a) the
highest temperature T2 that does not result in residual stresses, ( b the temper-
ature T2 that will result in a residual stress in the aluminum equal to 400 MPa.
Assume aa — 23 X 10'“ 6
/°C for the aluminum andX as — i 1 .7 10“ 6/°C for
the steel. Further assume that the aluminum is elastoplastic, with E = 75 GPa and
ay — 400 MPa. (Hint: Neglect the small stresses in the plate.)

c yieJUtv*^

OtJ&T\= LoC s (AT) r

6f
4-qo * to 412*0
CATy) -
-

E « - <*0 t7if y I )(23'-il*1 )c 0-*) 1


=

(<0 TzY - T, ±LAT) y o-t + 4-72. = 4*3 1 *CL

fi-fEes yi'eiUing

% = + L ctjAT) - Lc^ (AT

Coo jPl h

S' • £i+toUAr)'- Lo<s (Ar)'

Tt« ires i S ‘tress is

P' _
- SV - <sy - £(c^-ou)(Ar)
A

-6; - <s; - f of,X'&7')

2 61 4<*>xfo*
At -
E(alA -cts) "
144 °C
C75*^K23-f/«1)<:f<r 6 7

tb) Tz * X + AT - XI -t 444 --

If
n
71 > ^f°C *
fk vitJJ rvios j f, feTL
d
l
c owp r-e.S5 ^ _
*.

yieiW <V\
E E «

Problem 2.1 24 2.124 The aluminum rod ABC ( » 70 GPa), which consists of two
cylindrical portions AB and BC , is to be replaced with a cylindrical steel rod
DE ( ~ 200 GPa) of the same overall length. Determine the minimum re-
quired diameter d of the steel rod if its vertical deformation is not to exceed
the deformation of the aluminum rod under the same load and if the allowable
stress in the steel rod is not to exceed 165 MPa.

vav^r^ <x,T\ ov\ oI aio> 1^0

* PU P ( Laa + )
Am E AecE Ate.

/ 0-3 0. 45
C>-62>3>K(o *»

%(o.05t,y

5fe«?y roj s = 0» 6# 3 ft (o\.

£4,
ES
r
JvoyZHo' 151
(xoo XtO*) (O'bgZxto 3)
= &o 4-)(to V
3

A - P7 =
Uox/o ^
= o-U7yio *
A
A '' e
O' /6-Tx/^
^
«*

Re<!|uu*Ae<* HI*, \Jc*Jloz A - 0* fv*

^ = _
y
®" = foyo-ui n?X ~ - 2-°[ Ha

Proprietary Material. © 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Ail rights reserved. Ho part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
Problem 2.127 2.127 Link BD h made of brass (E = 05 GPa) and has a cross-sectional
1

area of 250 mm 2
. LinkCE is made of aluminum (E — 72 GPa) and has a cross-
sectional area of 450 mm Determine the maximum force P that can be
2
.

applied vertically at point A if the deflection of A is not to exceed 0.35 mm.

225 nun

Use. ABC
f
<xS «L boely
150 mm
1
t>rM c = oj o , FtfD - /.55S& P
5> ZH b =o uep * o r«’D.«T6 P

fc*>A eo r /dir x/o^ V < O *)

"o«£jrr6)/o*
— — - - —— - •
//
— ~
- 2‘$>1Z1_*/0~
^ P
f 1\
£se Ace f?2-)<(O^K45DXfO *)

Fi^oxa cIc'lo/'iviA i

s>,,8 - Ifo * &.


- ... , ..'€:?»^ .. £ .

c I . ^iU£r
- ~l0rb*\ | K JO~ P

§8 + ^Ag 0
* /S*3SI4-Kf

*-x2.n *<6^ f

A disp*P&.ce**e^ 7i\wj f~ ^ * O' 6063 S ^ 72_ ‘ |


"? P •

o*ooo^S^
~ 1£'1P7 LN •
- (£'7*} kfii
22* H Mo"

Proprietary Material. © 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies* Inc. AH rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
Problem 2.128 2J2S A 250-mm4ong aluminum tube (E ~ 70 GPa) of 36-mm outer diameter and
28-mm inner diameter may be closed at both ends by means of single-threaded
screw-on covers of I .5~mm pitch- With one cover screwed on tight* a solid brass
rod (E ~ 105 GPa) of 25-mm diameter is placed inside the tube and the second
cover is screwed on. Since the rod is slightly longer than the tube, it is observed
that the cover must be forced against the rod by rotating it one-quarter of a turn
before it can be tightly closed. Determine (o) the average normal stress in the
tube and in the rod, (b) the deformations of the tube and of the rod.

a -
= 3f (<C ~ - 402. 4 oz.nvio*

' ^ f (ZS't - 44fi?.87 - <i<to.87*/o~^ W?

PL = P (ckZSTo) „ 3.88 !S*t o'* V


Em* Amu 12 x/O' 6 )

.. PL _ p of * lo~*' F
Lr ^j ~ (loS 6 4
A«-/ *J0 X4?o.S7vjo~ j

O' 6,
~ ( "K'fn)* l»ET - 0.375“ 375“ w,

- § or c _ S*
c?f«4,e

4
3.88JS“*|0* F + q.8SOS*IO~