Dean Updike
Chapter 1
c " ) ,
1.1 Two solid cylindrical rods AH md BC are welded together at B and loaded as
Problem 1.1 shown. Determine the magnitude of the force P for which the tensile stress in rod AH
istwieetIief«agnitudeofthecoi«pFessivestressiniod/^<
~ CSOf 5
'
<5
> a " a7b
r p "* —s
913x10^?
1000 mm 
Aa  44 / 7.?*,^
^ _
^>8c“
(2X/20)
xr~
m AB
—P

2 ®ec
X/o
6
P=r  Zz4*X/0 V) P =• U2'<1 kN ^
Problem 1 .2
1.2 In Prob. LI, knowing that P~ 160 kN, determine the average normal stress at
1.1 Two solid cylindrical rods ^ and #C are welded together at B and loaded as
shown. Determine the magnitude of the force P for which the tensile stress in rod AH
is twice the magnitude of the compressive stress in rod BC.
(a) goisLAB
f\ = idm. ~ P= 160 kN
'AB 1} *f
6^
** ~ a~
Aar
r  8/ S' MPa.
750 mm 1000 mm
(VO jRoJMBC.
'i.e #0 kM coiv>j»»«.ssion
77(73)*
a
Mat
_
~
Tetac
rr~ — r r r AAn fintrp
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* B
Problem 1.3 i‘3 Two solid cylindrical rods AB and BC are welded together at B and loaded as
shown. Knowing that the average normal stress must not exceed 175 MPa in rod A
P aJ A& ,
P r 40 + 3£> r 70 kO  70 x/o
!
 _ p _ F _ HP
$sA. »
P  3o l/U  3ox(o3 N
l
*Z
/lE _ (M 's(3^x/o^
1 ^ac 'i TrO^o.foM
ch “ IS".^ *vnw
Problem 1.4 1.4 Two solid cylindrical rods AB and BC are welded together at B and loaded as
shown. Knowing that d{ ^ 50 mm and d2  30 mm, find average normal stress at the
midsection of (a) rod AB y (b) rod BC.
(Cx3 A m
P ~ 40 + 30  lo kvj 70 x \o H
a • $<*; r f^655x/o ^  L €i£>ZS'*IO **
AT ~ P c
Oao r~
T^rr
L^63S>/o
" 1 r 35'„7*/o p«.
6i ft  56'. 7 MP*
250 mm i
(& R oA bc .
P = 3o kM  3o* lo N
z
A  “
if (3o) ~ "km
i  7°^. 86* lo
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3
LS A strain gage located at C on the surface of bone AB indicates that the average
Problem 1.5 normal stress in the bone is 3.80 MPa when the bone is subjected to two I200N
knowing that its outer diameter is 25 mm, determine the inner diameter of the bone's
cross section at C.
r
fir ~
'
JEL
A
<Se^^ d'v'y •>
A ' h
it H r
«C  d t
7f O'
**>
' 1^6*10 '
TTC3.'3c ^ 10 6 >
)
^ x ID"*
9 x fO vn
Problem 1 .6
7.6 Two steel plates are to be held together by means of 16~mm~diameter high
strength steel bolts fitting snugly inside cylindrical brass spacers. Knowing that the
average normal stress must not exceed 200 and 130 MPa in the
MPa in the bolts
spacers, determine the outer diameter of the spacers that yields the most economical
and safe design.
a  p.
+W WV, 6i
*
jjj
* p. * ? s, j:
1 s
Poir 44<r Spccce^ ^ r*
4*  c4/
>
Ps 
Ecjooji*^
0.25 in
\
s'
20 kNi^l mm so A
o.oss O.o^o
~ O
XM C  O' L 0 . 0*1 o ) Fj 0 — ( 0.025 ± 0 .OHa')(sc>Y.iO3‘)
3
Fqo SC 3S.S*I0 N link BD i s t* f*>r\3»Vn.
area, >F
cr k 4W •few's to* ( 0 ,0O3>)(0. 0$6 0.0 1G 'i
>
s _ F^r /^.S’v/O 3 _
S«  7T  J7SXIQ:r
• <$7 2I.7MP*
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2009 The McGrawHill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limitcddistribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGrawHill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
e /
 ? Co. 1 + I.H ) =• o
•p = 33j*/o\N *P33LlkM
Problem 1 .9
1.9 Knowing that link DE is 25 mm wide and 3 ram thick, determine
the normal stress in the central portion of that link when (a) 0 — 0, (b) 0 = 90°.
100mm 100 mm
Use. merv L CB F fVe* looJcy
+)lH t = O
~0‘3 \~
o& (0'l)(l4O si*Q)(0‘ 4)(24'0  o
~ f fe
6p e =
75 */0“ fe
Problem 1.10 JJO Link AC has a uniform rectangular cross section 3 mm thick and 12 mm. wide.
Determine the normal stress in. the central portion of the link.
75 rrmi
960 N 
150 mm
175 imn
T~«yp
N
2$0 tot*
T"
ff 0 MM
QboN
y
(f4<? tf')(o*/?to )
^ /A4 ALAt
*0 = Q * Hhtf M'to
cFfit
in') ~ O
~ bt>5' / A/
— . t z~
= Fa « b bS* 1

S+Kess 6.. 7  ~ l X
I ft *75 to Pa Sac. ,S S MPa
Aac. &y
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or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
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1,11. The .rigid bar EFG is supported by the truss system shown. Know
Problem 1.11 mm diameter, determine
ing that the member CG is a solid circular rod of 18
u Sk*\
^
EF&C B c«a 'Free.
6**}
+"f ~z Fj  ° :
Fab  fs tt O
F.« = «^
L)s*jo^ £F& c^s c< Fv^ee \>oAy
F„ 6 a c
& H ~ ° :
Ks + 0*2) ( x*
' °
Fc& * FAC ~ 'Z&kH
Cro Section <^v oi *^>e^ CIO*
f^
1
'c* 
A
„
A <^
 —
254*4k/^
^ ^
12 The rigid bar £FG is supported by the truss system shown. Deter
problem 112
mine the crosssectional area of member AE for which the normal stress in the
member is J 05 MPa.
6 Fa*
Fa<S C
SV 
Aae
Rc Z5*w  t> 2
m
.>
*
z?>lr. /x/a
<5* l''
IcSYio
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distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
and educators permitted by McGrawHill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
1
Problem 1.13 1.13 A couple M of magnitude 1 500 N • m is applied to the crank of an engine. For
the position shown, determine (a) the force P required to hold the engine system in
,cqu iib riu m, (6 ) the average normal stress in the connecting rod BC, which has a 450
in nr uniform cross section.
Use pisfe (A j
Poe)^ ainai Crajftk
~ Zo% . 3
3
P 17. 86 *Io M
P= 17. 86 AW
Fee _ X0B.&I
H Co
Fg^  18.6*3 Vo3 bJ
S+reSS,,
S+resS 6^“ « ~ /S~ y/o
C
‘^Be.
A ^SOXIO*
0>) 6^  4L* MPa. *
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distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
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1,14 An aircraft tow bar is positioned by means of a single hydraulic cylinder
Problem 1.14 connected by a 25mmdiameter steel rod to two identical armandwhed units DEF,

The niass of the entire tow bar is 200 kg; and ts center of gravity is located at <5r For^
i
FR.es Tow
w  (zoo yn/sO* M
+ p)'S:h a = o :
BSOR  USoO^^R' 00  O
F, = ZC.5+.S M
+^Im e = o:
(F«, cos oC)(sSo)  K(Soo' ) 

O
gQO
Fcp = .^
r
550
. ('2<ss4.s
S427D s
m")
'
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reproduced, or
to teachers
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGrawHill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without
permission.
,
1.15 The wooden members A and B are to be joined by plywood .splice plates that
Problem 1.15 will be fully glued on the surfaces in contact. As part of the design of the joint, and
c learance between the ends of the members is to be 6 mm^
determine the smallest allowable length 7 if the average shearing stress in the glue is
not to exceed 700 kPa.
^ Co PUd Cl
Fov e*<^b
7^oe  d <xve<^ A ~ J*/
pr pr
Avenge she<i^n«j sfiressi
~ ~
'Y
A .ik
T*be ej)7 ow oJfYa, shearing s4tess 2X
'C 7 00*10* V&
' Va
SoJ9.'*« XJ X  r CJV8G,^
OJHZZG^ * 147.
l47.SS7v.iv.
^ TV i
(lOOxlC^X^OTS^
T^k^ A* 3 k 9: Z. = X+L^ + JP* IH2.&S+ 6 + iss.ar
L ~ 2«tZ
Problem 1.16 1.16 When the force P reached 8 kN, the wooden specimen shown failed in shear
along the surface indicated by the dashed line. Determine the average shearing stress
along that surface at the time of failure.
d
A
A = 70 \/VUV) J*
*
i S — I 3F^ n't m ~ J >* / O^ KH
CZ T
Mo 1
N
JP gx/o 3
$l>e«rfW«l ,sfr«SS 'Y
_
93 */o3 Rs .9.93 MPa,
A l3SD*/cr 6
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any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
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j »
Problem 1.17 1J7 Two wooden planks, each 1 2 mm thick and 225 mm wide, are joined by the dry
mortise joint shown. Knowing that the wood used shears ofTalong its grain when the
average shearing Stress reaches H M Pa, detennine the magnitude P of the axial load
16 mm which will cause the joint to fail
F— 16 mm
Sty he off
W/hev\ fll€ jOlwl W eF
Gtr<>dtS In A^S dimeiVonS /£ Hn**i
?
/{$ c^rec<
a =(«)(«)= m * m*io c v« L
F  rA  ( 3 * fo
c
)(m * Jo"’ )  1536 N * 1536 irM
Problem t.18 1.18 A load P Is applied to a steel rod supported as shown by an aluminum plate into
which a 2mmdiameter hole has been drilled. Knowing that the shearing stress
1
must not exceed 180 MPa in the steel rod and 70 MPa in the aluminum plate,
determine the largest load P that can be applied to the rod.
% »
^ 'tjA,
a
P, =• U%i>*tO i \(Z7C;^yl(S> )9 C7.8£WO*P
~ /
*£« ~ *~ z ^~ 2
c
P* ~ (7q*Io‘)(I,ooS3« !d~ ')
= 7o.37Z*tc? M
P^ 6736* {O N
3
67.*? kM M
"
Problem 1.19 T*!9 The axial force in the column supporting the timber beam shown is P = 75 kN
Determine the smallest allowable length L of the bearing plate if the bearing stress in
;
SOLUTION
g  JE.
VL, A
'
? _ is* to*
L
S^>
mm
140
Soivi'rtA fov I •
<y^ {3<o^o^)(p.no)
"3
n&.e x/o tY\
 17 3. G
L20 The load P applied to a steel rod is distributed to a timber support by an annular
Problem 1.20 washer. The diameter of the rod is 22 mm and the inner diameter of the washer is 25
mm, which is slightly larger than the diameter of the hole. Determine the smallest
allowable outer diameter d of the washer, knowing that the axial normal stress in the
steel rod is 35 MPa and that the average bearing stress between the washer and the
timber must not exceed 5 MPa.
C
SAeeJ roJ A= J (0.022 P  3SO.

ij’x/o
>
l
6"= ZSylO c
''
 13. 3oS»!0*ki
^
Was Ke /
6t = 5 x IO
ir i
v\c* ci'S'etz
a _ JP _ ) 3.3a£*»r
 G& OQxlO
“ ~ 2.
*
q; 6xio*>
t“')
Bid, At,  cA
dZ
» (o.ozsf +
‘
4.
^
5
« 4. 0 '3 > /o* *,*
%
d  £3. 3> 6 1 Yn d 63.3
Problem 1,21 1.21 A 40kN axial load is applied to a short wooden post that is supported by a
concrete footing resting on undisturbed soil. Determine (a) the maximum bearing
stress on the concrete footing, (/?) the size of the footing for which the average
bearing stress in the soil is 145 kPa.
3 1 3
A * (l 00)02©) r 12 * to W,«, S I2.X !o »v2
A^
3
(M Pc H • P  Vo “/o N) G> vs l UP^ = VS*/os Pa
2
_p Vo x / cr*
~ O.X758G
A (Sr VS* fo 3
kv,
f
1
Since i"/i e ^ / 5 S
1
A  b
~
p
er
A
ov P= 6" A *( 200*10 )n 5 to>*io
t>
)j5fzk.bJ
A _
 P
gr 
1*512
o.ojsk/fr
, / 2
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any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGrawHill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
) ) .
1.23 A 6 mm diameter pin is used at connection C of the pedal shown. Knowing that
Problem 1 .23 P  500 N, determine (a) the average shearing stress in the pin, ( b the nominal
bearing ’Stress in the pedal at C, (c) the nominal bearing stress in each support bracket
300 inrn
D^u> )ooJy Pm A
$ \ '/ <> ** AC D 
125 mm
Smce AC D cv
"
B
*jT 3 force K*e**fe^ f .... . ..
• s J iVe c4 € ^ po r v4 £ ^
i ** 1 e'S t e
5 nun of + k e 4^' nes <?4 <x c4 ow of
1‘ kev f wo 4 o
vtp." . i£ _i£_1 .
“
2£1 . (SVIZOO) 1 . 5SOKto‘p
ia
a j n,
(<X) " "fTe* 
irtexjos) <*,
^ Siol
C ’^ w
13oo
(t,) ft   J2 ~ M. I
X /o‘ fk ZH. Mp^
U*ux 3 X<?y}o 3 )
I
' b ’ '
Ab ‘
at
(C') 6Lfc = ££ 
~
P t
^ DO —~ 21'• 1 y o 1
&
P<s K:2I.7MP<c
2dt m^xlor^CSV/O'* >
+ t2F y
o: C  P  o ^ (Z£)(756)  ?60 N
ca> r p: . = A ^ Vt HOr^ij
7rT(T^ x /O 6 >
55 ss7>i*'~
*' ^ *
53T *
afeWWi' = 3S '° y,0 ‘ a 3 ^° MP^ ^
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any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGrawHill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual ss using it without permission.
*
cH t)5H B = o •
X“
o4e  (o'S) i 4) o
E  irfcA/
4 icH
±,IFX  o
I £ 8,^ o
+ =  £
e* * 5*^a/ *
OIF^'O: %  to tH

B =• /e/ + sy  + Z'  7*^?/ £aj
W
Z
A fj
; k lf(0'C/l) *rltZ«Jx f0 /v)
7
mi  JL
Ajba
,
'
// 3«/ X/<J~6
 Mm*
(kill s4rcss cJt B.
j
3
6
^ B _ 7>P x/o
40>
(0*0/2.)(C>’0/6
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distributed in
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0 . ) .
1.27 For the assembly and loading of Prob. determine (a) the average shearing
Problem 1.27 1 .7,
stress in the pin at B> (b) the average bearing stress at B in member BD (c) the f
OMS 0.0*10
A 8 c
Y Fsd i
= or (o.<?¥o)f* d “(£?.o;s+o.wo)(;^/o 3 )  o
3
F eo  32 .S * /o N
‘5
wU« A 
fd
2'
= (0.0)6 )
z
= ?Ol .06 k/o
3
32.5 x 1
Sas,/o‘ ^ = S 0 . 8 MP«
6
(b) Bgfltvnn^: iPmk BD . A  d£  fO.0/6)f0.O0&)s S28v/o‘
6
Sfe  lic.^6 ^ 10 ($1* 127.0 MPa.
>
Cc ) 6<g.<a.^th<^ 110 A8C ed~ B «
4 i
k dt ~ (o.oic)(o.o/o)  /CO *io
Fbo _ 3?. 5 x /o 3
A I60 x/o'*
:?C>3 x )0
6
q ^ 2 D3 HP*
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any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
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L28 Link AB ol width h  50 mm
and thickness t ~ 6 mm, is used to support the
Problem 128 ,
end of a horizontal beam. Knowing that the average normal stress in the
link is 1 40
qach, pf Uve two. pins i.$. 80 MBa,
dcteimine («) the diameter d oi the pins, ( b ) the average bearing stress in the link.
A 13 i s iv^v c.o^p^e.ssf^n.
A bt SO ^\yy\ ckss\ 0 t*
A ~ ( 0 ,O$o)(c>.&06 )r 3oo*\d c ^
P~<5'A ~ £~ IHO XiO^CZoO* )0~‘)
= *+2 x i o% N
d  ^5:^ v.
43, */o a
XI 1*10 pe4
CxsTsS Xo. O'J G )
6* ^7
fe
*“ 1 H?c_
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any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGrawHill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
Problem 1 .29 1.29 The 5.6kN load P is supported by two wooden members of uni
form cross section that are joined by the simple glued scarf splice shown. De
termine the normal and shearing stresses in the glued splice.
1
( e>< I2{?)C<3‘ 0'7 s) 75 yio ^ In'
P cos^Q _ 7 3o°)
6 =
3
/V *?< £7.5 Xio
Problem 1 .30 1.30 Two wooden members of uniform cross section are joined by the
simple scarf splice shown. Knowing that the maximum allowable tensile stress
in the glued splice is 525 kPa, determine (a) the largest load P that can be
safely supported, ( b ) the corresponding tensile stress in the splive.
 I L
Ao ~ (o* US ) t° f>) = X/J M
9  9o°  £o°  3o°
S * P CoS 7 ©
Ko
(a) P 
CCi* © CoS* 3c>°
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distributed in
and educators permitted by McGrawHill for their individual Course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
t= sco k?<^
Problem 1 .33 03 A centric load P is applied to the granite block shown. Knowing
that the resulting maximum value t>fthe shearing stress in the block is 17 MPa,
determine (a) the magnitude of P, (b) the orientation of the surface on which
the maximum shearing stress occurs, (c) the normal stress exerted on the sur
maximum
face, (d) the value of the normal stress in the block.
Aa =(0 'IS)(o>IS)xo*ovi& n n
0“ psPet* e. of
CCL) X
L  ) A p= f(A 0 = (Z)(o*oz.tS

1 i>S kk<
(b) sin %9 s } 19 *• *10° © = ^5“°
 P _ 5
Co f
L iiir %
», f __z 7 t.S't/ot mA”"*®
2Ao ~ 2. l 0 0 H >) ~
C.O i ^ro “ "17
A„ '
p
Ao
.
“
7£>ry/o _ 34 m A*
6*0 2.15
—
Problem 1.34 1,34 A 960kN load P is applied to the granite block shown. Determine
the resulting maximum value of (a) the normal stress, (b) the shearing stress. Spec
ify the orientation of the plane on which each of these maximum values occurs.
2
A* OOZIS
6* P t
& 
*?kt>Xfc
Coi © ..... £•
 4— COS  a. /*/£> c
A*
0*3 fevisj'^e. s4res& ^ O of © — *70°
4 0= VS*
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2009 The McGrawHill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
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distributed in
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Problem 1.35 1.35 A steel pipe of 400mm outer diameter is fabricated from 0mmdhtck plate by ]
welding along a helix forms an angle of 20° with a plane perpendicular to the
that
axisofthe pipe. Knowing that the maximum a lowab e normal and shea Hiig stresses
1 I
in the directions respectively normal and tangential to the weld are a = 60 MPa and r
 36 MPa, determine the magnitude P of the largest axial force that can be applied to
the pipe.
A
A0  Tr (x* PA) ~ T(o, 7odl~o. t c>o )
S
\Z 2S xr/a' m*
Apg (12.25; fp
6 '
2SZXIO* N
Cos * & Cos 1 20°"
o» Vt\ = 30 MPa ”2T  ,
si’*\ .7©
2<9 s>'Vi Ho p
WV  N
~ 200
do  O.'ioo^ Vo * 2 do b.
Q ~ Zo°
rr P . 30ox{ o5 cos*JZd>*
6 1 8 .
77 ~T£a?w5=*
s
2I.GX lb P* S'*' 21^ MPa *
3
= X? 5fn = r30p x/o SM /
/'o°
Problem 1.41 1*41 The horizontal link BC is 6 mm thick and is made of a steel with
a 450MPa ultimate strength in tension. What should be the width w of the link
if the structure shown is to be designed to support a load P = 32 kN with a
factor of safety equal to 3?
_ (F. s^Fm _
vJ ~ 0> Cboltf h*
^ io 0 c fv\ >n
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any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGrawHill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
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any form nr by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGrawHill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using il without permission.
. . . C
Problem 1 .43 I *43 The two wooden members shown, which support a 1 6kN load, are joined by
plywood splices fully glued on the surfaces in contact. The ultimate shearing stress in
the glue is 2.5 MPa and the clearance between the members is 6 mm, Determine the
required length 1, of each splice if a factor of safety of 2.75 is to be achieved.
i(i kN 125 mm
ot js Uqqy
haa P,OOlCt
2 ktJ  2*lo s b)
\ 2 'f”rJ JW 4 i>
o\ (2a cl.
Po 77*lo :
?0  TuA  i; i * i
(2.SxlO e)(o.\2S)
10.P*lO nrs
.3
Letojfk 1 spi*i 'c.e; L  2.Q + C  ( 2.V. 70 .H )+ 0.00 r o.l46&*(d »v,
L *“ 1 46 » 8 v
1.44 For the joint and loading ofProb. .43, determine the factor of safety, knowing
Problem 1.44 1
1.43 The two wooden members shown, which support a 16kN load, are joined by
plywood splices fully glued on the surfaces in contact. Die ultimate shearing stress in
1 6 kN 125 mm the glue is 2.5 MPa and the clearance between the members is 6 mm. Determine the
required length L of each splice if a factor of safety of 2.75 is to be achieved.
tr a, oV\ r d s.
Poe. tx<sea
(Xisc o. KusT
pad fa^cuA si^T S
of S^SCa.v loa.J
3
¥ = 2 VN  g*lo N
Levg+li of s>pP>’c< L.~ 7.1 4 C. wkev»e P  /?«v'«y4A t>"<4 c. —
of a Poe
W
 J^w  t 0 08
. 7 'l(< 3 . 12 b') = ID. fo hrt
4
D 2 i too eT e. 7oa <4 , R,
" To A  ( ^SVlO^/o.STS'Wo' ) = ?7JS7Sxlos N
27. tg7SWQ 3
F actor of F5.  2. HO
g X Os /
/ )
Problem 1.45 Three 8 nundiameter steel bolls are to be used to attach the sleej plate shown
1 .45 \
For ecceA A ~ ^ d
Z

^ Os)’’
c

*
ZS'i.m ^
~ 25*1. H7 *lO' 1*1
* At 
t
(2SH.H7 x/0‘ )(3So x lo & )
=• Co^ x /o 3 N
c
1 10 kN Fo<r tte ikr ee boJfSj Po ~ (.3 )( f/. &C>2 x (C?
= ^7fWx/o 3 W
peoT® ** of Scope 4y ,
tr c _ JPo_ 27Ltx(Q*
•" ' F.S. 2.5o
P Iiph,o»
1.46 Three steel bolts are to be used to attacli the steel plate shown to a wooden
Problem 1.46
beam. Knowing that the plate will support a 1 10 kN load, that the ultimate shearing
stress for the steel used is 360 MPa, and that a factor of safety of 3,35 is desired,
determine the required diameter of the bolts.
For \>Jf.J P ^ 3
 3££67 kV
_ *Pu Py . HEl
tcT
PPo /NYmga xjo^)
.1 10 kN
4 TT ^
_
*7 tt(3&ov o 6 ')
d = /?O.S min
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any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGraw>Hitl for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
l
L47 A load P is supported as shown by a steel pin that has been inserted in a short
Problem 1 .47 wooden member hanging from the ceiling. The ultimate strength of the wood used
is 60 MPa in tension and 7.5 MPa inshear, while the ultimate strength ofthe steel is
145 MPa in shear. Knowing that 640 mm, c ~ 55 mm, and d  12 mm, determine
the load P if an overall factor of safety of 3.2 is desired.
safety for the pin, (b) the required values of b and c if the factor of safety for the
wooden members is die same as that found in part a for the pin.
p 5 30 kN = 20*1 o’ N t
Double X ~
^ ti 
G c
p0 = zA%> s (.Z)(zoUix/d )(lHS*lo )
= S3. 336*10* N
pc  iff .33 £ x /Q
_ ,gg..336xfo _ « ..
Kb.
R5. =  sa " 2.V.

p *oxjo
ZO*IQ
(b) Tension i vi  '£>%.33£nfO* W Po/* <? F.S.
<5
*
= Sl. ~ ^ ,
vAere W
YJ r ^0 wtn *
« O.OVOih
°° A W(b“<5/)
k J s$. 336 *10 Ho .3
D 
“ JEa
* 4 \N6u = 0.016 + zt x io fa
( 0 0 H 0 )( 6 O*tQ*)
.
k = Ho. B »*»*
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2009 The McGrawHill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual maybe displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGrawHill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
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any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGrawHill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
s
Problem 1 .49 1 .49 Each of the two vertical links CF connecting the two horizontal members AD
and EG has a IQ * 40mra uniform rectangular cross section and is made of a steel
with an ultimate strength in tension of 400 MPa, while each of the pins at C and F
has a 20mm diameter and is made of a steel with an ultimate strength in shear of 150
MPa. Determine the overall factor of safety for the links CF and the pins connecting
them to the horizontal members.
rCP
6fi
1 JO
p? — _ OAo
kN
?)IH 6 = o
o.4o FtP ~(o. q>s)(m*\o ) *
1
o
Fc>
,
* * io* N
F«t<>4 6^ of s efefy F S. 
Fo ‘FiW */Q
3
~ 2 * a ^o —
FCP ' 3^ rf/O*
Proprietary Material. O
2009 The McGrawHill Companies, Inc. AH rights reserved No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGrawHill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
Problem 1.50 I. SO Solve Prob. 1 .49, assuming that the pins at C and F have been replaced by pins
with a 30 min diameter.
1.49 Each of the two vertical links CF connecting the two horizontal members AD
and EG has a uniform rectangular cross section 10 mm thick and 40 mm wide, and
is made of a steel with an ultimate strength in tension of 400 MPa. The pins at C and
250 mm / each have a 20 mm diameter and are made of a vSteel with an ultimate strength in
shear of 1 50 MPa. Determine the overall factor of safety for the links O' and the pins
400 mm connecting them to the horizontal members.
250 ram
I £>Z M E = o:
24 kN O
Fc F » 21 kN
bs/
\>\j few=n’c n $ i \A jcs c F% C *2. y jP i \n fcs)
2
We'V pov i vk T A Cbc$)£  x/o^M
Fj  2A 6^ = (Z){4**X*0*)(jtoofi,f*) Uokti
FctT^c/vre by in pfnS*
A ~ eF “ {o ,e> = X/e^ tn z
^ 
2]
&
)^So^uo b ')  1^.22 kN
,
Fa ~ Ih'ta ~ (.2)0/^NiXto
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any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGrawHill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
A § ^ j *
1.51 Each of the steel links AB and CD is connected to a support and to member
Problem 1.51
... BCE by25 nrmdi ametcr steelpinsactm^ insi n&l sshmrK^
shearing stress is 21 0 MPa for the steel used in the pins and that the ultimate normal
stress is 490 MPa for the steel used in the links, determine the allowable load P if an
overall factor of safety of 3.0 is desired. (Note that the links are not reinforced
around the pin holes.)
Fct>' 1
& c
p — r eo
6
t .
M ;
±) 2 Mc  O : o $ f^ 8  o
C £
h*' r
p Se;b
b
Fy = ‘t'yA  {z<oxio M4 ‘to. 9 't l ;
(’')
* {OZ'Ol kN
! 2
Feti Jlvr*
'
by te*>Si’oM V» $ir\k+ A “(jb — et ) t~ (O'OS— 0'Dl5 )o6lz.'s $X<0 to
Fy  61 ~C^x//)^K/F 4 ) = \hl kN
\r0  lolrOl kN
f\J0JPouj cybJle \J&Jo'es Fx q #
p — F * 9
kN
r«// "
FTS fc
“ rvo
3.o
fiSJoujiJhJe Jo cd fo^ sf r OcJ~ov^z is fC 3 ©P F^
3 c^<5^
J:
p =
? li W A/y
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2009 The McGrawHill Companies, loe. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGrawHill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
.
Problem 1.52 LS2 An alternative design is being considered to support member BCE of Prob.
1.51, in which link CD will be replaced by two links, each of 6*50min cross
ii
g tli e p ji S at
i i C
and /} to be i n doubl e shear. Assu m i ng that all other
mm specifications remain unchanged, determine the allowable load P if an overall
1. M
50
IIH
h 
"
V
:
^f§P
NI
Id I V
factor
151
of' sa fetv o f 3 ,0 is desired
allowable load P if an overall factor of safety of 3.0 is desired. (Note that the links
Hi ,4
I'*
*
<
450 nun » ^
B CB
.
mm +5tM t = O :
0 2S&
. p  0.120  O
p _ JL tr O')
O^M s =0:
0. !&£> P  0.120 C = o
P  f c OO
& , «
Pax.  <5 A„,f •=
P7"
F.s.
A„,f
LtQ
(..
l
..*. .P. )(6 V ro~*)( iSKOpO^
3
£. */o N
jVi
p t V\ S 0 D.
to *
a 050*/0 4
fm = 'U Api A *
FS.
x^ * 1
3. X?
7
of Feo IS /o w.
fn pjn x^f C.
&§ 2~){T?;)(6*t6')
l
1 l ~ .*.$*?* wo 4 N
C  27rAp.'.   (2) (
Fo fe

) “P  ) ~ \ eA M
P« U83 kM
o c
1.54 Solve Prob. 1.53, assuming that the structure has been redesigned to use 12*
Problem 1.54
mmdiameler pins at B and D and no other change lias been made.
: s r !
1
*'ll=»53 "”Fn” CRS ^stSel' '^tr uicit'iLitfe"sK6 Vvttij"' lit iaitietijt '
jiiii Vi istij^ed till T? arid 1 0 “i^rh"*
'
diameter pins are used at B and /X The ultimate shearing stress is 150 MPa at all
connections, and the ultimate normal stress is 400 MPa in link BD. Knowing that a
factor of safety of 3.0 is desired, determine the largest load V that can be applied at A.
Note that link BO is not reinforced around the pin holes.
6 mm OIM, ~ O ~
OIH e  o*.
O.l^a P  o.iZo C.  o
P  fC CO
t 'ZL
 4.$o * jo3 V
S k e cm 1 wv
»*
*$ cd S a^d D,
p
i/'&X'e of Fg D >'s
W\ 0
J
P = (fV4.go
Skg^yi in pm of c.
C  IX’Af., “
f 3
**’
" ( ^p^ ~) (4*
) (4 y fo"
3
Tr ?. 8 ^ 7 M>;o
3
U
%
F^~ 60 P 
(fX ? *^7fx/c»* )  1.1 Z»to N
Viifje <T P i’s X 6*1$ «/ A\j}* v& JG/ e . P^ ;?.<5<W0
3
N/
P* £06 ifjJ
1.56 In an alternative design for the structure of Prob. .55, a pin of 10mmdiameter
Problem 1 .56 1
is to be used at A Assuming
. that all other specifications remain unchanged,
.ifan,py.e.ralIfaetor of safety of 3.0 .is..desired^«.^.
1.55 In the structure shown, an 8mmdiameterpin is used at A\ and 12mrndiameter
B and D Knowing that the ultimate shearing stress is 00 MPa at all
pins are used at .
1
connections and that the ultimate normal stress is 250 MPa in each of the two links
joining B and D, determine the allowable load P if an overall factor of safety of 3,0 is
Top view desired.
8 mm
r . . .I
 j
T" • Sta+Ycs *
Use ABC as . fv*ee body.
20 mm IV
+)iM ( O. 2 o pA  o. P = o
Front view
Side view
P« ‘w Fa
o: 0. 2o FBp  0.38 p =: o
A  ^ ^ ( 0 .OIP )
1
sr M3, lo */o‘ M
R. =^A s ^) 0o p i /p!)(»J3Jo>;c>
6
)
=T c 4y
~ T.Sq v/O
j rt
»
N
 3.97 */o 3 M
Based o* COKoptr^essioM m J?i*ks 8D*
*
Fov> o«e fink A = ( o*ox,o ^(o. oo 8) =: Ko^/o
F0O =
T&r
;o X/CT 
B «.7 vx/0
2G.7
S
/0 ^ ^
= a
Ff I^d  t4. o*f > jo Ai
P  3.77 kid
)
Problem 1.57 *1,57 A 40kg platform is attached to the end B of a 50kg wooden beam AB, which
is supported as shown by a pin at A and by a slender steel rod BC with a 12kN
ultimate load, (a) Using the Load and Resistance Factor Design method with a
resistance factor 0.90 and load factors yo = 1 .25 and yL =1.6, determine the
<j>
**
largest load that can be safely placed on the platform. ( b ) What is the corresponding
conventional factor of safety for rod BC1
PL 
J
m3 pi"CM fK) = Ji.
4
cr> o* .
rP pD 4 r pu
L = <ppo
*)
pL  ^  TaPs __ (p.7oKiavio») 
 £.920*10* N
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distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
and educators permitted by McGrawHill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
Problem 1 .58 *1*58 The Loadand Resistance factor Designmethod is...to beiisedtc)
select the two cables and lower a platform supporting two win
that will raise
dow washers. The platform weighs 72 kg and each of the window washers is
assumed to weigh 88 kg with equipment, Since these workers are free to move
on the platform, 75% of their total weight and the weight of tlieir equipment
will be used as the design live load of each cable, {a) Assuming a resistance
factor (j)— 0.85 and load factors yt> — 1.2 and y L — 1.5, determine the re
quired minimum ultimate load of one cable, (b) What is the conventional fac
tor of safety for the selected cables?
t*p0 + rL p L = <? p0
pu r XPo + TuB.
0 .xX^ 7 a)
o.&s
2‘ 78
P = P0 + pt  4. 74 * ojsx z* H Ibfrbj  !* k M.
KS— 
[7
'
_
 p
Pl»
'
7m ^ 
n
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distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
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Problem 1 .59
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any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGrawHill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
Problem 1 .60 1*60 Two horizontal 20 kN forces are applied to pin B of the assembly
shown. Knowing that a pin of 20 mm diameter is used at each connection, de
ter nitric the maximum value of the average normal stress (a) in link AB~ (b) iri
link BC
4*0 led
40 tAt'
potrct "hruetv^le
L<*k> of S m es
f*»  4o
Fes
Si^ is* Si'i 6cr sfri C
ZT
FAo  2 JLa/ R*. = 34'$ M
L i*k AS * ct be*'
Unk BC IS
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any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGrawHiU for their individual course preparation, A student using this manual is using it without permission.
Problem 1 .61 1 .61 For the assembly and loading of Prob, 1 .60, determine (a) the av
erage shearing stress in the pin at C, (b) the average bearing stress at C in mem
her BCr {c) the average bearing .jtrm at B in
1.60 Two horizontal 20kN forces are applied to pin B of the assembly
shown. Knowing that a pin of 20mm diameter is used at each connection, de
termine the maximum value of the average normal stress (a) in link AB ( b ) in ,
link BC .
45 min
20 kN
20 kN
Use 8 os tVee. \>o&y»
45 mm
M/
(.an/ o$ Sines
F„ F« 40
_ Ffts
r ^'77
siw 5iw GO®
~
to.) SKe^tV^ s4^ess in p<V. *J_C *
AP = { W 1 ~
Zi4*il>tnto'
1
<s4r~g5S cil B »h BC „ «i = ^
A = 2tcl = 4Zo fnm 7
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any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
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Problem 1.62 L62 Two wooden planks, each 22 mm thick and 160 mm wide, are joined by the
glued mortise joint shown. Knowing that the joint will fail when the average shearing
:
stress in the glue reaches 820. kPa, determine the smallest allowable length J of the
cuts if the joint is to withstand an axial load of magnitude P 7.6 kN.
P = IX UhJ * 7X yto3
'Let t* 22
Eazl ciS'e a. »s h dt
IX* Id 3
 L3 * lQ
~3
^
iv '
3
= U 324 Oi *lo
A  wo* 60. ? kv>>«
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distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
and educators permitted by McGrawHill for their individual course preparation. A student using tins manual is using it without permission.
1.63 The hydraulic cylinder CF which partially controls the position of rod DE has
Problem 1 .63 S y
P * 2 kW
(2, cos 75 ) kfJ
a = IS*
MS’
^ (2 S'V. 7S°)kU
45 rnm
7oS
F * A
*.0
t.
Le*vjR> of v* AB_
J, 2£2. rr
+ 4i"
J» A8 = /*oo*
 J?0<5T MW
a
(2eo*7 £°)(ns s;»10 ) C2s;«7£ )(ns sosZO") =
a
o ~ 0.3*717 kN
+ IF>=0^ C* 2soslS = 0 Cx
(a )
1
4 6
6:= v 4
 4H.3Myfo f\ 6^ 4H.ZMPcl *
fc
Ab ISS^vfo *
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©
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGrawHill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
Problem 1.64 1.64 The hydraulic cylinder CF, which partially controls the position of rod DE has ,
been locked in the position shown. Link AB has a uniform rectangular cross section
of 1 2 25 mm and is connected at B to member BP by an S^mm^diameter pin.
Knowing that the maximum allowable average shearing stress in the pin is 140 MPa,
175 min'"
determine (a) the largest force P which may be applied at E when 6 ~ 60°, (b) the
corresponding bearing stress at B in link AB, (c) the corresponding maximum value
of the normal stress in link AB .
P CoS <aO°
P f
0 = 60
Ps.* 60°
Lev\ o^P Ae*
2 o£
C
 Zo&, '
O HM c O .* F^)(loo c.os’ZO°)
(jjf
s.'w 2o°)
74  No WO 6 Pa
« 2.04 75?
l 4oy, °
‘ ~
So.2C^>lo~ a
P = 3.4 370X/C? A 1
3.44 M ^
Oo"> Be ^ci'Kij shcsn zA. ^ ia, AB  12. n«w.
6
A k » dt ~ (O.oo2 )(o.oiz) r q&x/o wA
FAa » (2.0475 )(3.43?SWO s )  7.0Z%3V/O
z
W
c— — F&<1 _ 7.03 83 WO”  _ _ O 6
^ A7  qt. V.IO
__
73. 3 WO Pc i ~i
Sb = 73.3 HP&. <*i
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any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
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1.67 A steel plate 10 mm thick is embedded in a horizontal concrete slab and is used
Problem 1 .67 to anchor a highstrength vertical cable as shown. The diameter of the hole in the
piatejs ,24, mm, the ultimate strength of the steel used is 250 MPa^ a
bonding stress between plate and concrete i s 2. 1 MPa, Knowi ng that a factor of safety
of 3.60 is desired when P = 1 8 kN, determine (a) the required width a of the plate,
(b) the minimum depth b to which a plate of that width should be embedded in the
concrete slab. (Neglect the normal stresses between the concrete and the lower end of
the plate.)
4 A * (cxct)t
Pu r SI A
Po
F* s *'
F * ?
So/yy $0^ Ctj
3
C3.&OK1 Sx/0 )
a~ oU o.g*h +
ZS&yio^Xo.oto)
a O.OM'VR 2.
^
(b) ojAmS Vi&dy' Ibe'fwfeev'i p$ct4e
b o. w. b = 25 1 Yrt+sy
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form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in any
and educators permitted by McGrawHill for their individual course preparation, A student using this manual is using it without permission.
^
Problem 1 .68 1.68 The two portions of member AB are glued together along a plane
forming an angle 0 with the horizontal. Knowing that the ultimate stress for
the glued joint is 1 7 MPa in tension and 9 MPa in shear, detennine the rapge
of values of 0 for which the factor of safety of the members is at least 3.0.
:*l ~ CO‘OS)(0>0%)  o  GO IS
slV . ^  2A„r.,
Pu
=
t*)fr.oo/s)^x>o*
3o *1 o 3
 O' 1
Hewr* 22 '
52
Problem 1 .69 1 .69 The two portions of member AH are glued together along a plane
forming an angle 9 with the horizontal. Knowing that the ultimate stress for
the glued joint is 17 MPa in tension and 9 MPa in shear, determine (a) the
value of 6 for which the factor of safety of the member is maximum, ( b) the
corresponding value of the factor of safety. (Hint: Equate the expressions ob
tained for the factors of safety with respect to normal stress and shear.)
 *
Ao (oioS)to 0$) ~ 6 O O S • ‘
I hr)

6~ c*s
2
O D  g'o Ao
 Jj"
50 mm CESX  SuAo
V Pwi 0 !
(F.^.V = ^ P © Cx>S ©
^ P coj
 TkAe.
P$t*& cos
—6 ^
•
s *P'' ;
''a
:
fill +«
«T®  +<i^ © =
' *
. JY = 0S~i
/7 0'fj9 c
l (a) 6^3 7
i f l~7 \* . . A«/ /" \
Pu fl = 33 is
<fc)
c“ s ^ i7 
ios 271 r ES
.
.
fcN
,V. 3.Z*
Problem 1 .70 L70 A force P is applied as shown to a steel reinforcing bar that has been embedded
in a block of concrete. Determine the smallest length L for which the full allowable
normal be developed. Express the result in terms of the diameter
stress in the bar can
d of the bar, the allowable normal stress (Xan in the steel, and the average allowable
bond stress r3 n between the concrete and the cylindrical surface of the bar. (Neglect
the normal stresses between the concrete and the end of the bar.)
FW ske&y'j A  udL
F = A * rut TTofU
A  4, d
P ’ 6^A = J')
fr<J \J*
“/ I XafirJL ~
61# ^ d*
Soit/iV'S T©/ L.
U,«
v Slip d /V 7lJU
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2
PROBLEM LC1 1.0 A solid steel rod consisting of n cylindrical elements welded together is
subjected to the loading shown. The diameter of element i is denoted by dl and the
load applied to its lower end by P., with the magnitude P. of this load being assumed
positive if P. is directed downward as shown and negative otherwise, (a) Write a
Element n computer program to determine the average stress in each element of the rod. (b) Use
this program to solve Probs. 1 2 and 1.4,
SOLUTION
fORc£ /ft'gt.fAjgNT l ;
t  2.
kt
Area  A;
if
'
nd":
l
Avc stress = —
Al
PROGRh M OUTPUTS
1 0 / 4&7 1 2Si5f
2 i9‘/o8 2 42‘44/
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distributed in
and educators permitted by McGrawHill for their individual course preparation. A student using tins manual is using it without permission.
.
PROBLEM 1.C2
LC2 A 20kN load is applied as shown to the horizontal member ABC Member
has a 10 x5G^mm uniform rectangular cross section and is supported by four
vertical links,each of 8 x 36mm uniform rectangular cross section. Each of the
four pins at A y B, C, and D has the same diameter d and is in double shear, (a)
Write a computer program to calculate for values of d from 10 to 30 mm, using
1mm increments, (1) the maximum value of the average normal stress in the links
connecting pins B and D(2) the average normal stress in the links connecting pins
,
C and £, (3) the average shearing stress in pin B> (4) the average shearing stress in
pin C, (5) the average bearing stress at B m
member ABC, (6) the average bearing
stress at C inmember ABC , (b) Check your program by comparing the values
obtained for d ~ 16 mm with the answers given for Probs. 1.7 and 1.27. (c) Use
this program of the diameter d of the pins, knowing
to find the permissible values
that the allowable values of the normal, shearing, and bearing stresses for the steel
used are, respectively 1 50 MPa, 90 MPa, and 230 MPa. (d) Solve part c, assuming
that the thickness of member ABC has been reduced from 10 to 8 mm.
SOLUTION
HB
FBt>  p (A Q/Z (B C) (TENSION)
(V urn c c
Thickness 
1 ^CC
pfel
k— *4
 “ fct/Acz
(k) Pin r.
% = r&pA^uyfj % = A /(^A)
(S) SEhWCr SrRta &TB SMTTTJJlC srfltts LtLABr
Thickness of Plonker ACt^c under Eld b
~AC Uc (^A C /<?)
B~ CBj> /( & £ \
(6)
ZE = 0 : 2 (s= 2 Km>
stress at g
2
$>$&e«rr
A6ac /~gj?
(CONTINUED)
— — .
27 00
. 21.70 28 , 38 10.,92 150 ,46 , 57,,87
28.00 21.70 26 , ,39 10 ,15
. 145 .09 . 55,.80
29.00 21,70 24 . .60 9 ,46
, 140 .09 , 53 86..
PROBLEM 1.C3
1.C3 Two horizontal 20 kN forces are applied to pin B of the assembly
shown. Each of the three pins at Ay B, and C has the same diameter d andLis,,
in double shear, (a) Write a computer program to calculate for values of d from
12.5 mm to 37.5 mm, using 1.25mm increments, (1) the maximum value of
the average normal stress in member A#, (2) the average normal stress in
member BC , (3) the average shearing stress in pin A, (4) the average shearing
pin C, (5) the average bearing stress at A in member A
strexss in (6) the average
bearing stress at C in member BC (7) the average bearing stress at B in member
,
BC. (b) Check your program by comparing the values obtained for d 20 mm
with the answers given for Probs. 1.60 and 1.61. (c) Use thisprogram to find
the permissible values of the diameter d of the pins, knowing that the
allowable values of the normal, and bearing stresses for the
shearing,
steel used are, respectively, 150 MPa, 90 MPa, and 250 MPa. (d) Solve part c,
assuming that a new design is being investigated in which the thickness
and width of the two members are changed, respectively, from 12.5 to 8 mm
and from 45 mm to 60 mm.
SOLUTION
F rr lP(5mH.SYs)n 7r)
= 2F (?'<* io’/sih 75°)
( /WX. AVg. SrffESS 1A/AB (z) PWE. !_N &£,
aX 1% b Width  wt
y y
CPy(F
Fhic.khe.'b*
(w~ d) t
AB 
(CONTINUED)
/
ns c
U‘llb  ip b»7 bSS7£ & 0* f zc iV+'.Xfh> i7t> fez 2 .
37S 35>*467 [
££7 T72Pt> 11773 <7A i $272% 7I.HI
HIS !7L}cS fsfrl >o "i z£> /# 7 a+si7 lb7'tS2 jr2> +1%
O 2009 The McGrawHill Companies* Inc. AH rights reserved. No pari of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
Proprietary Material.
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the imiied distribution to teachers
distributed in 1
and educators permitted by McGrawHill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
— c
PROBLEM 1.C4
LC4 A 16 kN force P forming an angle a with the vertical is applied
as shown to member which is supported by a pin and bracket at € and
by a cable BD forming an angle /3 with the horizontal, (a) Knowing that the
ultimate load of the cable 100 kN, write a computer program to construct a
is
table of the values of the factor of safety of the cable for values of a and ft
from 0 to 45°, using increments in a and ft corresponding to 0.1 increments in
375 mm tan a and tan ( b ) Check that for any given value of a the maximum value
of the factor of safety is obtained for ft “ 38.66° and explain why. (c) De
termine the smallest possible value of the factor of safety for p “ 38.66°, as
well as the corresponding value of a, and explain the result obtained.
SOLUTION
F p ft)S\Y)0( + 30 C65X
JC ^ 4f0 tor* IS cot (i + tZ 5/n^
ioo M M
F.s,= FUt/F
Output for dUM EuitT loA. £a/. \/
VALUES OF FS
BETA
0 5.71 11.31 16 70 21.80 26.56 30
. .96 34.99 38.66 41.99 45.00
ALPHA
O.QOO 3.125 3.358 3.555 3.712 3.830 3.913 3.966 3.994 4.002 3 995 3 977
. .
5.711 2.991 3.214 3.402 3.552 3.666 3,745 3,796 3.823 3.830 3.824 3.807
11.310 2.897 3.113 3 295 3.441 3.551
> 3.628 3,677 3.703 3.710 3.704 3.687
16.699 2.837 3.049 3.227 3.370 3.477 3.553 3.600 3.626 3.633 3.627 3.611
21.801 2 .80S 3.014 3,190 3 331 3.438
. 3.512 3.560 3.585 3.592 3.586 3,570
2.795 3.004 3.179 3.320 3.426 3.500 3.547 3.572 3.579 3.573 3.5581
30.964 2.803 3.013 3 189 3.330 3.436
. 3.510 3 .558 3.583 $.590 3.584 T7568
34.992 2.826 3.036 3.214 3.356 3.463 3.538 3.586 3.611 3.619 3.612 3.596
38.660 2.859 3.072 3.252 3.395 3.503 3.579 3.628 3.653 3.661 3.655 3.638
41.987 2.899 3.116 3.298 3.444 3,554 3.631 3,680 3.706 3.713 3.707 3.690
45.000 2 . 946 3.166 3.351 3.499 3.611 3.689 3.739 3.765 3.773 3.767 3.750
tc«
(b)Whtnp* 38.6i; fan/l  O, 8 and cable
J
BJO is pecj^en qicu/at
.
,
NOTiz:
The. value, F. $. "3.57? is ike smallest &f va lu es of 7fS. the
Corresponding to fi ~ 8 663 ,
°
Ortd the largest 0 f those
6*
corresponding to OC 26, t
The. point CXZb.F, pS ~ 38, b (f
P a. Saddle point \ Of "ffliriimax" oi the function
'
PROBLEM LC5
1.C5 A load P is supported as shown by two wooden members of uni
forni rectangular cross section that are joined by a simple glued scarf splice.
(a) Denoting by a(J and rlx respectively, the ultimate strength of the joint in
,
tension and in shear, write a computer program which, for given values of a ,
Ik f\ iT v and tu? and for values of a from 5 to 85° at 5° intervals, can be used
to calculate (1) the normal stress in the joint, (2) the shearing stress in the joint,
(3) the factor of safety relative to failure in tension, (4) the factor of safety rel
ative to failure in shear, (5) the overall factor of safety for the glued joint, (b)
Apply this program, using the dimensions and loading of the members of Probs.
^
mm
f
'
*!
1.29 and 1,31, knowing that <tv — 1.26 MPa and Ty ™ 1.50 MPa for the glue
used in Prob. 1.29, and that — 1.03 MPa and Ty = 1.47 MPa for the glue
used in Prob. 1 .31. (c) Verify in each of these two cases that the shearing stress
is maximum for a = 45°.
SOLUTION
Area,  cl b/Sin of
Norm/ stress
^ c  ~
Area.
;
 fp/aby
y
SheAr ;n
s S ?re«
.
<£.
s (?/a t>)s)WcasO<
O fFfor tension (norny^l
FSN  CTy /O'
(CONTINUED)
O 3
Pf?OOrf?/)M OUTPUTS
Problem 1.31
a  150 mm
b  75 mm
P  11 kN
SIGU = 1.26 MPa
TAUU = 1.50 MPa
Problem 1.29
a * /X S /n /vi
b  7S MM
P = £ Coo ts!
1
SIGU  toSM
TAUU = hS M Ai
c c
:x£ nb * b i p. )°ift c' °i it 6
6c X+P) o*C‘ 2. /
<L A* lAl
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distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
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0 T i
PROBLEM 1.C6
LC6 Member ABC is supported by a pin and bracket at A and by two
linksy which are pinconnected to the member at B and to a fixed support at i>; (a)
Write a computer program to calculate the allowable load Pan for any given values
of (1) the diameter d\ of the pin at A , (2) the common diameter d of the pins at B
and D y (3) the ultimate normal stress ay in each of the two links, (4) the ultimate
shearing stress m in each of the three pins, (5) the desired overall factor of safety
Top view FS, Your program should also indicate which of the following three stresses is
critical: the normal stress in the links, the shearing stress in the pin at A, or the
200 min ISO mini
8 mm ^

8
r
mm T load /^i, as well as which of the stresses is critical, when d\ = di ~ 15 mm, ay =
110 MP for aluminum links, ru ~ 100 MPa for steel pins, and F.S. 3,2.
SOLUTION
(a) OF ABC:
8 mm
 8 mm ® r x2QO/n A = 0 :
WD
p~ y
1.2 mm > =0 *
Side view
(h) ^CV 1
1 . sfany
in
dLplte:
/.nfcs BD Z(Pv(t$)(0M){QAif§ > p = Spo
%° ^
is the smaller of p rtnA P
P) £hf desj/ed overall PS„ 1 P^ is fhe smaller of P^ <xn/ P^
If < Pty , Stress is Crlfica) ih fihks
If Ptf <p a and P,< P stress is Critical m pin f\
lf P<f < p3 'W ?!<?,, Stress !5 critical in pin? SB £>
.PPflfeffi)P\ OUTPUTS
(&) Prop. 1.53 . Mm:d drnXrl2‘M f
J %=2'joMPa,?^= f00^FapS,3,O
Pa [[zr S,1 Z LN. Stress in pit, Ps is criticaj
(C) JPrdb,j.W 7jm: d,IOm 4 ~] Z nip ~
o 250 M?a, v l0oMPd. ) FS.r3,d
P*// 3.J7kN., 3 and D is critical ^
Stress in pins
<d) MJAi d =dz t
~ /Smm^ilOMPa, P MPa 3.Z /<?<»
,
^ F,1 9
f~a(t * krl , Stress } n hr>ks is critical
Chapter 2
Problem 2.1
2.1 Two gage marks are placed exactly 250 mm
apart on a 12mmdtameter
aluminum rod. Knowing that, with an axial load of 6000 N acting on the rod, the
s = LL = L  to “ 25"0. IS  ZSO.OQ = O. la
Q O. 18 wr'**
£ ~ <3.000 7^
fc
C
A = ~if d ~ ~ W'b.O 77 ki»vi l
7>_o77 x/o tv,
p _ 6ooo
6~ =  S3.oS2.x /o
6,
Pa
£ = 
S3 0S '
*^J
O.oool^
~ = '
\0* Pa £* 73.1 6£au
B
Problem 2.2 2.2 A polystyrene rod of length 300 mm and diameter 12 mm is sub
jected to a 3kN tensile load. Knowing that E= 3.1 GPa, determine (a) the
elongation of the rod, (b) the normal stress in the rod.
A 
(1.
cP 
= X
If (j>6\z)
X
 MUto* M'
b
s
P  Gxlo3 N S = HS * /cT ^ F  2ooxfo* pA
% \Co)
PL C £* \o
 37.5 * /0" c
A ES (20O*l£>* )(A$ X 0 _v) ,
fi
= r _/ C4)C&?.S*lo' ) s
(a) A d ~ TT
ij
*1 V TT
 6.7 X /O I ho et  <£.7/ v«**i
cr
o r £ 
‘
<S x fcA
* /G0x/0
4
P* O'* /6o.oHPa^
A 37.5" *70
A
Problem 2.5 2.5 A castiron tube is used to support a compressive load. Knowing that E = 69
GPa and that the maximum allowable change in length is 0.025 %, determine («)
the maximum normal stress in the tube, (/>) the minimum wall thickness for a load
of 7.2 kN if the outside diameter of the lube is 50 mm.
E '
 Q°i * £9 * IP Pa.
£* f , o.oooa^
c
(cO 6“ r ££ V (Cq^\O q Yo.OOOZs')  n.7Sy)O 6" = 17.25 MP«,
(V) ^ 
r
A
A
~ = £
er
=
\~7. ^S'x io 4
” ^17.39^/0^^ = AI7.39
'
^
1
A  %Uo'ek') J/ SO
S: ~ 9 H.'ZGQ
t  2. &z
Problem 2.6 2,6 A control rod made of yellow brass must not stretch more than 3 mm when the
tension in the wire is 4 kN. Knowing that E~ 105 GPa and that the maximum
allowable normal stress is 1 80 MPa, determine (o) the smallest diameter that can be
selected for the rod, ( h ) the corresponding maximum length of the rod.
e P Hxlo^ <i
*3
a = 22. 222.*(o'
A § 
ISO x lo‘
 T CiJ 2 
32 xjcT
1
A  Lf 5. vvi
Obi S
% = PL
A * ^
1
_ AES nr.
<f X t
o"
L = L75C>
Problem 2.7 2.7 Twogage marks are placed exactly 250 apart on a 12mm mm
diameter aluminum rod with E — 73 GPa and ultimate strength of 140 MPa. m
Knowing that the distance between the gage marks is 250.28 after a load mm
E  73 *10* P* is applied, determine (a) the stress in the rod, (/?) the factor of safety.
JO
V
wi
s
M Pa. ^
s r  Cr MJL ~ (73*/t>*)fo.g&*/p~ ) _ 81. 7£ */o€ Pa
,
(<*.) O * £ 
?So 8/. 8
/t \
(W p _ &V.
 _
H ox/O
F3.
e;

6 2^74* lo 6
__
 I
I U2
"/
1.712 1
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2009 The McGrawHill Companies, Inc, Ail rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGrawHill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
0
Problem 2.8 2.8 An 80mlong wire of 5mm diameter is made of a steel with E  200 GPa and
an ultimate tensile strength of 400 MPa. If a factor of safety of 3.2 is desired,
determine («) the largest allowable tension in the wire, (b) the corresponding
elongation of the wire,
(J’y
~ <
400*10 Pa. rv  if c*  «t
~ 11.63^^.'* IVS^/eT*^
ss
p0  6^A  5^xlO' )
 785^ K)
(U 5
5 r B.L . r c
— — 50,. 0 x JO
4
A£ (\1J£3S*lO )(?oo*lO*)
^ — <SO„ O wiw
Problem 2.9 2.9 A block of 250mm length and 50 x 40 mm cross section Is to support a centric
compressive load P. The material to be used is a bronze for which E ~ 95 GPa.
Determine the largest load which can be applied, knowing that the normal stress
must not exceed 80 MPa and that the decrease in .length of the block should be at
($<*)&<>)* 7000 most 0,12% of its original length.
A 
 2.xlo”*
c
~ qsxio'* ?a.
<
50 r go M pa. 86 ^ 10 E
S s a
6~~ ^ ps A<$“ ( 2 x/o' )( 80 x/0 )  / 6 o*/o N
Com 5i(/eri'ri«i e>J} 0*3 a. ii/e. tjz »
^
^
A£ P~ AE(^) ~ )(?£*/ C^X^OCMl)  222*zo 3 Ki
2.10 1.5mlong aluminum rod must not stretch more than 1 mm and
A the normal
Problem 2.10 must not exceed 40 MPa when the rod is subjected to a 3kN
stress axial load.
Knowing that E ~ 70 GPa, determine the required diameter of the rod.
L  1.5
75 v,o‘^= 75'
_Sixiil* S'  A'f *
TFl?'
0 fitoCw <. f I tJ • . £k
A£
pa ^ fexjo^X i.s) = £4, 1*4 C
A PS (jOvlQ'Yj y/O" 5
* lO £ m hn
)
yf+diSQ a? A • A ~ 7JT
A SL _  t2'iB7 mm 1
fz'jejT
4. = Jt'67
tt
xi o*
O'V
_
Problem 2.12
5^ /5*X/0*
2J2 A
=
mm when it is
*>
subjected to a tensile load. Knowing that £^7G GPa and that the allowable tensile
strength is 120 MPa, determine (a) the maximum allowable length of the pipe, (&)
the required dimensions of the crosssection if the tensile load is 28 kN.
6" 10
i2o x JO4 P*
E  7ox /O 9 Pa. % = I.*# x/o' 1 *>
w S * PL _ GL L  —  (7Ox/O*)(,.tfx /Q~
3 ")
o.2 n
6” jstoK/o^
L“ S 1
A _ 23* fp ‘
=
A 'iwx jo c 233. 333 x/o 2S3.SS3
Problem 2.13 2.13 Rod BD is made of steel {E — 200 GPa) and is used to brace the
axiallycompressed member ABC The maximum force that can be developed
.
in member BD is 0.02P. If the stress must not exceed 126 MPa and the max
P = 520 kN imum change in length of BD must not exceed 0.001 times the length of ABC,
determine the smallestdiameter rod that can be used for member BD.
S’f’/'ts S t 6"
_
e
fto
 .
1.8 m
’T Afc = ?*W A,* 1
j
Co*0i*f<y det’o* '** <Tt

_ F*>L*
cr
3 _ ‘

Ha ’ W'5 h>*\ 1
fie £S
Isttrqe* • A ~ f4‘Stntny '
A= ^d l , ds Jf Mm
Problem 2.14 2.14 The 4~mmdiameter cable BC i$ made of a steel with E ~ 200 GPa. Knowing
that the maximum stress in the cable must not exceed 190 MPa and that the
applied as shown.
*"~
ec ~
55
L ^*iT 7^ ^ 1
1 ! wt
A = $« t Zf
q  £&« 6 “
.*.
F^ ~ <5* A  (i •?«> xio^Oz.sg^ x jo )
m s..  S*^
bw A*e
«“»><“>
tec>oK{cP)(2g'Z7xto
. a.,4,5 „;v,
)
L p r«)3.(J0 K/
p/ c&i*»*O(o»03,? _ _
e Lk r i  rzO’O 7z.aXfe> fc»
a?c
^ (Zxi0*\ )(c>' 0004qi)
20.27 X/O
4 I
025*41 
 lbsb2ntf N P » £hl> mm
p H?
w Su = jtt fc \ 03
v ' g ~o>ozs *'*' '***
Problem 2.17 2J7 Two solid cylindrical rods are joined at B and loaded as shown. Rod AB is
made of steel (E * 200 GPa) and rod BC of brass (1? » 105 GPa). Determine (a)
the total deformation of the composite rod ABC (6) the deflection of point B .
r  30 kN
,
 Rod AS
fiS 
* PAa  P ~
  3 o«io N
A
_
Aa r O.^O^i EVS = 200*10* &Pti
— — 30 mm
* 4 1
250 mm A = ^(30}* = 706.35^  70&.8SX /o' w,
40 kN
e 
6
£«Aa 0 id )
= Sl.OSlxld*
300 mm
BC * Fpr * 3o + Ho * 7o kW * 7ox/o’ N
L&,  Eac i°^ x ^ P*
A fit =fW r 9S35 xiC*"^
1.9S3SX1C

c
a,L
_
~
Fbc Ug „
~
_ (70X10*1(0.^
( i os 71 d
  I0L Si 1
! xlo”
6
m
Total oletovy^ cdt^r ” Sas + r ~ v*\  »v»w>
(ct^
IP  30 kN
2J7 Two solid cylindrical rods are joined at B and loaded as shown. Rod AB is
made of steel (B =* 200 GPa) md rod BC of brass (E ~ 105 GPa), Determine (a)
the total deformation of the composite rod ABC , (6) the deflection of point B ,
“30 mm
250 mm Rod A8 •
40 kN ~ O. ZSOv~ 200X/0 1
La&  Pc,
300 mm 50 mm
%  Fa& _ PCo.siSol
^AS
) C70&.9S*10~*)
f.*7G34 p
PoJ ec F,
ae   C P +• l
4o*lO% )
t O.ZOO^ £ ac * 10,5V /C^ Pa,
% i
Aec = fCS^'s* t.'UaSVtCJ* = \. iCZ£*ldr
e
W1
)(a. ioo)
J
P  SZ.ZeS’* fO~
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any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGrawHill for their individual course preparation, A student using this manual is using it without permission.
Proprietary Material. © 2009 The McGrawHill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGrawHill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
Proprietary Material. €> 2009 The McGrawHill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGrawHill for their individual course preparation, A student using this manual is using it without permission.
Problem 2.22
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distributed in
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* *
Problem 2.23 2,23 Members AB and CD are 30mmdiameter steel rods, and mem
bers 5C and A£> are 22mmdiameter steel rods. When the turnbackle is tight
ened, the diagonal member AC is put in tension. Knowing that E — 200 GPa,
determine the largest allowable tension in AC so that the deformations in menv
bens AB and CD do not exceed 1.0 mm.
co  " Job'tf X( o
iff* C
aco ~ £e*Ltt)
”
 Eficv
£ Apple * *_ C^oo (
x\cfl)('7‘>6>' j:x(0 Ko>o<u)
pCb 
'
'
'
'
Leo
// J>8 kti
Us e toi i C \>q&a
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any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGrawHill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
Problem 2.24 2.24 For the structure in Prob. 2,23, determine (a) the distance h so that
the deformations in members AB, BC CD
, ,
and AD are equal to 1 mm, ( b ) the
corresponding tension in member 4C. ^
Members AB and CD are 30mmdiameter steel rods, and mem
2.23
bers BC and AD are 22mmdiameter steel rods. When the turnbuckle is tight
ened, the diagonal member AC is put in tension. Knowing that E ~ 200 GPa
and ~ 1.2 m, determine the largest allowable tension in AC so that the de
ft
(cO SVa.’Kcs. *
l)*« 3 as «_ free body
B pec.
F/O**. J(9<r fr\'tXna$(
~
&SL  F*c
&n F6 ft
*
'h b Lgt
r—
r~ Vi
Tl r—
r 1 Fee. b
* ~ t Fof'c.e Gco^fiiry
“£f
~ •• * .* r
 h. _ Aa&
Far
£ A as FA a® *
T ‘
a;
t*on5 “£>^ Far
Fe
' 
~
—h A>s r
hec JL  A»6 _ o' etta Jab
<
Aac. F "
A* "
f
'""T
G*U
x
/r
_ cIab _ b 
offtl Zx /I
i
, /f l /S' ,
b *
77
fe r l.lXlm
Se4f ~
(k'i S/vb 9
£ 02z*) {o'oo 0
—p——
* Rsc b Atsc, ^6° ~ t — (g #
c * *
r~
* 6c ~ T *
) **
— rr
 £4/
F>. * 7 F. t •=
jf (^5 )  »5.i
'fk* 4o
z ~
~J R^ 4
r»
Ft?£. Fa« /4v2 r *? £4/ ***£
Proprietary Material. O
2009 The McGrawHill Companies, Inc. Ail rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGrawHill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
Problem 2.25 2.25 Each of the four vertical links connecting the two horizontal members is made
of aluminum (E — 70 GPa) and has a uniform rectangular cross section ofl 0 x 40
mm. For the loading shown, determine the deflection of (a) point £* (6) point F;
(c) point G.
r CS ^ Free, EF &,
yoo miw 1
750 r
1 2^ M kN
kt'
mm + 5 IM f  o :
of one $ i’ n &Z
+  0 '
 (loyqo'j  yoo
(Voo)(?Fcf ) (G£e>)CM)  o
4(?0 >0'‘
Fcf  I^.S ku  \%5 * So
1
H
; L * 3oo O.loo
* 3 (70 iva
U. *
fW L &0SS1 . I0^
 ( 7.S*UX' )t0.1oo)
)6TO\Ayvi oA f ov\ % ^ , _
FA (7o x* 10^(400
io ‘’X'Ido x(C> *)
 j‘CP^ _ (l .Syl^)(o.3oo'l
T.Sxfo
£ ‘')( 0 '3oo')
,
„ „
q
" 2o3.93x/o *,
£A xo )(7t>c>x (o‘ 64 )}
(70 Wo^K'/^HO
Lei © b* *He
%S 0 *vk 'J
c c
SP + Sf 2>Q.1£7*l o r~ 2# &.93 x
+ /£>"
„ ~£ __„ __
 
——
0. 4<3<=7
= 723.22x10 ^J,'a
a
200 mm m
37T^a,
p I..
,
 p
375 mm
250 mm +3^M C r c> tf^FAa ~**WP r o
Far  l‘ SP
Av^e «< ffF <1
f*
A (6)lz4 
1
 /^ + ^IM 6 = o: <?2 S
d “O
* Fcd  2.S P
2b 0 h\tn
L =
_ (l»gP)(M\ r A 0^7
DcPo/'iai t ow S .
C v /0 f
«. r c
Aa PA V^OOX/^X^X/O^
F^L , (3y).,feL£)
,
 /73^/ ^ld
8
?
CD
£A (2oaXio^)(/44Ma*)
'8
Det I'gBi . P«i^4 B . ^8 * £ fi
r /.0*f7 ^ 0 P ^
8
PoiWx'f C . Sc.
r «><. Se “ MS6I */cT P tx
( r s/
2X0M* J M
Sg + Sc /73^/x/q' 6 P c
'
L^fJl^jolZ
^Z*
4
„ 0 ., U JI „ lo P
L„.
8 :
P  ^3X ht P = ^4 Aa/
l
FV« « w
g*8 = E±i r
* fl
„ ,. y = J32.0to x/o"
c
m  S*
£A C73'^lQ
c,
X»2S'x/o" ft
)
§6  112 5* */o~
c
^
Defo^ah’ q»\ .
= €©.o©*/o'‘ « io.wXinS
~ 4
I D?.5" x/o" m Sc  0* & ^£~I
Proprietary Material. ©2009 The McGrawHill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGrawHill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
 t
Problem 2.28 2.28 llie length of the 2mmdiametcr steel wire CD has been adjusted so that
with no load applied, a gap of 1 .5 mm
exists between the end B of the rigid beam
A CB M& cbritacl point K
Knowi^ GPa, determine where a 20kg
block should be placed on the beam in order to cause contact between B and E>
e O.4o
20 kg  B
Poi^i OL knol/GS dO uyv., t*J A .
C
 0.0% 0 a (O.OSX3.7S' «/o~3 ) T Soo V /d
b H 0.32 in
0.08 m Sco  Sc  300 y/O'" (v,
f6V* 3  3.NKxid
c
^
£  200 *{G* Pol
ptD — .
^ ^CO
^ ^ (^o * ^ O.ZS"
X 300 Wcr £ )
_ ?5j> ^
dse jbea IV\ Ace as a 4W U„ly.  6t<>X?.SlV / 7 C .2 N
T
M +^2H^oi 0.08 Ro C 0.^0 x3Ttr  O
f
Aj *— o.soK^j O.MoX,
140. 2.
— 0.30743 ^

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2009 The McGrawHill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior mitten permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGrawHill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
y
Problem 2.29 2.29 A homogeneous cable of length X and uniform cross section is suspended from
one end. {a) Denoting by p the density (mass per unit volume) of the cable and by E
its modulus of elasticity^ determine the elongation of the cable due to its own
weight. ( b ) Show that the same elongation would be obtained if the cable were
horizontal and if a force equal to half of its weight were applied at each end.
=yjA(Lj)
d§ = ££
Bf\
,
EA
/ ?(/
>
E
•

.y > jJ
y
s = pa (Ly
5==^ a
Proprietary Material. <& 2009 The McCrawlIill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed reproduced, or
,
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGrawHill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
Problem 2.30
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any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGrawHill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
Problem 2.31 2.3 I Denoting by ethc “engineering strain” in a tensile specimen* show that the true
strain is e~t
ln(/ + e).
& *
 inf
U
=>
iO
= A(lt^) ^»(l+£) L°
Thus /» (!+£) *+
Problem 2.32 232 The volume of a tensile specimen is essentially constant while plastic
deformation occurs. If the initial diameter of the specimen is d„ show that when the
diameter is dy the true strain is e 2
t
I n(r/, /d).
£t  2 i*
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any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or Uvsed beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGrawHill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
—
Problem 2.33 233 A 250mm bar of 15 x 30mm rectangular cross section consists of two
aluminum layers, 5 mm thick, brazed to a center brass layer of the same
JbLokiK^f liit is
knowing that Ea ~ 70 GPa and Et ~ 105 GPa, determine the normal stress (a) in
the aluminum layers, (/>) in the brasslayer.
Foir AxyeVj

Aluminum
Brass Let Pa.  I non i*,ye^.
Aluminum
Pb  9oad< £>m Aye^
RcX
L&^r _
~ i L
Pub i 
It P
Of yv\
AA ”
Ft A
I of Ck 9 tO P = aft. + a 3. A" P,
vy ^ pen/' 5A ^ Pb ^ “ 7
W S'twf 1
7^ r
'7 7£Pia‘ "8 S.l~to‘P*. 6; 25.7 Mp*
5rn,
j

1^M^
Jx 5 mm *
(3©X5>® ISO^A \So*ld c A
Aluminum 5mm r oia e<^eU cdtav^iV v?A.yev*
Brass
Aluminum
P "p
te/V
 JlocJl o ^ m
P wa 4 p„= f k n£fp..*'.sa
7c? a »
E.A eS:
1 o4«< Po\^C« P  a ft. + Pl 3.5" P* •p
1
CL
= ly
7 1
§ r ts.
p° = Ecjk3
£A. *
§ X ?S L P
r£
= SA,$
e.A a l
r  T\. * H  (£A +
£  § _
"*
p
L EV.A*. + BS A&
Z S
§£CZS.)*  3,<Ztms*lo 3 n'«  3.E9HS */0‘
a 5 X
Ac,
 tj(H5o) >^WJi(£) = /5^. 3^ * /o 3 Mm
« /53.3*H * /O’’'
L ~ I , h >vi
!S5'6> x (o 3,
s
 .—— .
^ 2] y fO
_ 4
(25*lo )(/£S'3
£
H* /o' )+(2£^xfO ,
)(3.6 <
?¥5'*/o~ 3 )
c
s;  £s£ = (200 xf o'* 3/ * /O’*) r £7. / x/O pa a <S7_ J Mf«.
Proprietary Material ©
2009 The McGrawHill Companies, Inc. AH rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGrawHill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
.
2*38 For the post of Prob. 2.37, determine the maximum centric force which can be
Problem 2.38 applied if the allowable normal stress is 160 MPa in the steel and 18 MPa in the
concrete*
2.37 The 1.5m concrete post is reinforced with six steel bars, each with a 28mm
diameter. Knowing that E$  200 GPa and Ec  25 GPa, determine the normal
stresses in the steel and in the concrete when a 1550 kN axial centric force P is
applied to the post.
 c
£$  ~ 8oo*lo
* £\ 7.00 * iO^
Pe. * Et A t £  HoA c £
e
5 , RE V5 ~ EsAs
A = e;a s £
rX> L
P  Pc + Is  CEcK + a
X
As = 6 <4* = ^ = 3.6995 *(os  3,69V fx(o* v«
A*  ISxS.S^xlO^^
Ao  f s e * IG"*
\S£’.3‘i t
3 3
O<J
p = [(Zfx 0 " )(
I IS'S. 399*tO~ ) t (^oo y /O^KS.S'WJ'x/O ^ (720 w t
4
 5.33 * io M 3330 ktf
Proprietary Material. ©
2009 The McGrawHill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGrawHill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
E
Problem 2.40 2AO Three wires are used to suspend the plate shown. Aluminum wires
mm and a steel wire is used at C with
mm. Knowing that the allowable stress for aluminum ( ~ 70
a diameter of 2
GPa) is 98 MPa and that the allowable stress for steel (E = 200 GPa) is 126
MPa, determine the maximum load P that can be applied.
By sy^^e^ty PA = y
av^d = Se
A^o, 5^  %£ 
§s  S
_ iL
£a * e* * ZL j
sa = e eA
Deievr^ine Jk sl'irairt.
= §4 _ ?i 9
Wire s A* B ? c
* “ *»*/£>*
 /'^ *io~
£*
3
£ t * ^ £* * 4 8 x /0
/** s
W Cc _ C
p
C * <5L =  &£ *70
2 60 * 1 0 y
O'
.
* €« = ~
W0*)( H/rxo
J)
<5^ = £**> PA ^ AaEaSa * f
* m?7 /v
pe * /S3 87 N .
Proprietary Material. €> 2009 The McGrawHill Companies, Inc. All rights reserv ed. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
and educators permitted by McGrawHill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
2.41 cylindrical rods, one of steel and the other of brass, are joined at C and
Two
Problem 2.41 restrained by rigid supports at A and E. For the loading shown and knowing that E&
 200 GPa and Eb = 105 GPa, determine (a) the reactions at A and E\ (b) the
Dimensions in mm deflection of point" C".
i A jo C .
'• E  Zooxio* ?a.
A * ? 1 .2S£,£‘ix}o
Z
^= l.ts&&"ld*
l
EA r Z5\.ZT7*lo N
40 nun diam.
 30 inm diam.
C jo E : E  105V jo*
CO £ A  706.86 * 7o6.S6x/cT
4
EA = 7H.no»io‘ NJ
CO Un> *fo kM
Pa 5
8 /•<>£ •
P =  60V/03 L
L 57 l/^O ^v> tvj ~ O. I%0 yvi
3
c ^
PL (Ra 6O*(O Y<0.!.?cA
c>Ar
^

”
PL
£A “
(Pa  loo */o YoJoc>)
Tf.no/lo
s
4 ~
,
l,M75>5"*
_
t°
_<>
Ra ~ l3>4.73<r*/o
,
3 3
Pf = PA /OOx/0  &Z.8*{0 ~ (00y{0 Z7,Z*lO k/ S7.^tM
c
Sc  Saq 4 Sfiic
C
 I. \ E>z&7 '* lo~ '
PA  2£.$<i3xlQ‘
<{
3
 (LKZ£°i«\o )(c zs?>ix lo
> ) 2<S.8V8*/o'
~ 46 .3x(o jvi
Sc  46.2 /«*
S c  HS . S /< v* *«
*
2A3 A steel tube {Es ~ 200 GPa) with a 30mm outer diameter and a
Problem 2.43
3mm thickness is placed in a vise that is adjusted so that its jaws just touch
tllC CtldS Of tllC tube WithOUt 6X6^111 g aiiy plCSSUre Oil tllCm, ThC tWO fOlCCS
shown are then applied to the tube. After these forces are applied, the vise is
adjusted to decrease the distance between its jaws by 0.2 mm, Determine (a) the
forces exerted by the vise on the tube at A and £>, (b) the change in length of
the portion BC of the tube.
s
A * f (J*  J?) * ir(o<oZ o<oz4z) = z54.&xto~*
A +o 8 : P  t?/> bM LO'oist.
< _ £L _ l?A (CK<ns) . . ~
Ka h\
X JO L
CZCdY. )
6 fc> C; P  ie*f 32. UM > L= 0> ol$ »*»
A 47Z, X/o Ra
.
CSeoxfo^a^'SxiO )
C k 0.* P ~ £* f 8 Ln, L = 0\o~1S h
PL (RA+8<*>oUa«o*?S) „
r.
s »' ea
.
h
=>ad
£#44 ^  Oioacii
Cal 441*? WO’’ R a + xt«T
Ra = —SPS^’J d.k —
R0 = R ft + 8o«o =•
5oS77M 6 kM •*
0
ai $*c 1473 Xfo^) t£8C*n) + 47ISV/o HZYia h)
~ "ZX (0 ^ *v\ w
Proprietary Material, ©
2009 The McGrawHill Companies, Inc. AH rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGrawHill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
o
Problem 2.44 2,44 Solve Prob. 2.43, assuming that after the forces have been applied,
the vise is adjusted to increase the distance between its jaws by 0.1 mm.
the ends of the tube without exerting any pressure on them. The two forces
shown are then applied to the tube. After these forces are applied, the vise is
adjusted to decrease the distance between its jaws by 0,2 mm. Determine (a) the
forces exerted by the vise on the tube at A and /)> (b) the change in length of
the portion BC of the tube.
i 75 mm » 75 mm . 75 mm i
32 U/ 2f
k ^ e t p = ra OsolS
PL ” %*(oioi 5)
5*8 ^ pT i‘472Xfo hn .
^e<. ~ pfe,
'
l*47?xr(} £?* + 47 IS X ( h*
(50* Xlfll )CxS4* svio )
Cf® D: P •=
PA 4 eoooN L * Ovo75T
6
SGO  ^ tM^ xto h
E4 (<> )
fvviA^
Proprietary Material. ©
2009 The McGrawHill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGrawHill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
b
Problem 2.45 2AS Links BC and DE are both made of steel ( E — 200 GPa) and
are 12 mm wide and 6 mm thick. Determine (a) the force in each link when a
jlQoo 4( /*• J
3,
(9  dz777« X fo" tW 2
(a') F^.  (/*+ X (o
6
) O’ 27770
3
»io~ ) 4 kn ^
F0 e~ L*n *iv
c
) Collin * /o"
1
)
 _ i.(, bn
0o) D potv\~t A #
3
$
fl
0..Z&  (fl2)(O.Z7770 x/o" ) S* * 0*Q£
Proprietary Material. © 2009 The McGrawHill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGrawHill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
0
2.47 The aluminum shell fully bonded to the brass core and the assembly
Problem 2.47 is is
8^655 c LeJ' L be .
+Ji« cf
2
VK«. ev.s$e kA,
Ef ~ G Pcu
Zo.q *lo' / aC
e
oC  JriejcJ^jL •e.ypai.^s l&z> .
N \J \nni tit
AT  IIS  15  130“ C
~
IF 7 o G Pa
0
co\rtL\ ($ r )t = Lof t (ATl
cl  23 6 xrc>~*/ c
.
,
i
1
Afc~ 5 (2 5 T  Wo.%1 ^  Wo.27*lO~
C
3
~ 2.33 Q(>xlcf^~ .*
:>
s  (sp) b + <s h ) a
3
J
E*A„ (hS’xlo ')^ io.S7*lv )
?
(7ox./o' )(7.3366 x/o~ ^
W
I
II,., ? *
25^.6 f6 x fo ’
= nw* W
K
6^ = S.iS MPec
Proprietary Material. O
2009 The McGrawHill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited dislribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGrawHill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
 ^
Problem 2.48 2.48 Solve Prob. 2.47, assuming that the core is made of steel (E “ 200 GPa, a
1 1.7 x lO^C) instead of brass.
2.4? The aluminum shell is fully bonded to the brass core and the assembly is
Ax ^ f^ST  is * ISO°C
r\ iS : (S T V * L ^CAT)
Klg/f <eocpg>A%i^vi of' 5 wCVU res^eo'f Ao VLe. co«~t . S ~ L (o^ o/s X AT )
Y*
A*' fCasP = 44<?.&7 ^  i&0.8,7*io e
’
pv «f
^0
,
1
_ £L
S  (Sp)s + ^Sp)^
L(cu  oO(Ar) _
s £L j pl ^ K'PL
^As, E*A&
l< = ~ f
£sA a r ,,
C?.c?oxio 'iCM^37k/d' )
4
(7 ok/o‘»)(x.3366x/os ')
9 ,,i
 l£.2m«/o y fj
& 6
(23.4*U>  n. 7>jo' Viso^)
Tke„ P  _  Wo*
131. H) lv
I6.W*? x/©“*
Problem 2.49 2.49 A 1.2m concrete post is reinforced by four steel bars, each of
18 mm diameter. Knowing that Es — 200 GPa, as =11.7 X \0~ 6 /°C and
Ec ™ 25 GPa and cx<: ~ 9.9 X 10" 6 /°C , determine the normal stresses
"
induced in the steel arid in the concrete by a temperature rise of 27°C.
1
~ *f Ij
f 1
3
~ (4
X 5 °*°' &) V = G ' ooioa ^ * t
'.Sfv'tt C «* s 
£c
*
A. +
 2j +
ct*
o^CAT
ar) " •
& *• °,’ <Ar ^
w. ^ — ftWM
•Tb a. _^
SHes* iVx s4ecjp S’.’tt
5
zMMj ttgl
i ft .e*"V .
^  g, 04H^ ’
A5 0»60Cfln®
Stress i* oo^refe R , —
61  —r* 
> <Q* :
— 0 *X M.P01
At o«c^ 
Proprietary Material. ©
2009 The McGrawHill Companies, Jnc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGrawHill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
— 7
0
2.50 The brass shell («b  20.9 x 1 (F/ C ) is fully bonded to the steel core (a*  1 1
Problem 2.50 0‘ 6
.
Ia.
* ^
*3^ £3 
g^

+ o/ fa (AT i
*10*** V
Aj,  ( 0.020 Xo.ozo') S 4QO r*

c
<. *
Aw" (O.03o>>.03o)  (o.O^oXOwO^O ) » >JT(OOX/O K0
e
dt  o(s * ^A^io~ / ac
?s 
§s As * (£T*/oOO«* io
e
)  nv/0a w
e 4  3 /.STv/o''’ fT*
£« A«, Et/Ab '
(Zqoxioi )C*foox io“ (las xio*’ X^saox/o" )
)
i i 6
(3l.SS*tO~ )(2ly/0 ) “ ('J.a* l0' )CAT't
a
AT  1S.H C
Proprietary Material. ©
2009 The McGrawHill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGrawHill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using H without permission.
/
Problem 2.51 2. SI A rod consisting of two cylindrical portions AB and BC is restrained at both
ends. Portion A B is made of steel ( Es 200 GPa, as  U .7 x 1 0^/°C) and portion
6 0
^.v,^v^CJs.madj&.of brass (&& 105 01% a* & 20.9 x Hr / !). Knowing that the rod is
initially unstressed, determine the compressive force induced in ABC when there is
 steel A A fj  O/ia
~ tJ” (io — 1 $£> y*\y^  70 Q %£ * /£> iao
4 i * „
*> ^ 3 1
50nun diameter A&,= f«C = ?<&»)*  LKSstlo ‘Ids* id v^
300 mm
brass Firee, expan Sio* .
^ I ^ + l 1
c
 (0.2‘ToXll.'7 x o~ )($o) + (o.'Z>ooY2 o. ci x iO~‘)(sd)
4
~ 4S4.7S xo~
SP r
PL PL
E.A
s''jift X Aec
0,2SZ> P +
O. 300 P
& t, i
( 20Oy\o'*)(7o&.%&« lcr ) (lo S*lO ')(l.<iC, Z5’*lo‘
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c
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 3 223S *10~ P
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j i
6
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P N7.GZx lo fo P * 147.6 UM
Proprietary Material. ® 2009 The McOrawltill Companies, Inc. Ail rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGrawHill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
,
Problem 2.52 2.52 A rod consisting of two cylindrical portions AB and BC is re
6
a s — 23 .9 X 10 /°C). Knowing that the rod is initially unstressed, deter
mine (a) the normal stresses induced in portions AB and BC by a tempera
'
60 mm dmiueler ture rise of 42°C, (b) the corresponding deflection of point B
k* 
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4
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* ^ 13 P
(.(OSxiOiXlizm^Q^ c 72 Xto'* 10. 2564^0^
= 18.074* 16'* P
pot^ ze^o net" dcrfeeA©^ r Sr
§p
/8.079v'/o', P = Z27oS*lO~*
a
P* /^T.GJl *IO /V
‘ w.*< hp«. *
tE* '
<5^  •£   '
  loo.o m^Fk I00.O MR*, e
Abc I. ZSU*lO s
N
(t> ) Sa = + Pf*  UotbtA rl
fcijA^n
__ ( ns’xMiPKn} 0‘0(24>.<?wtT
e
(losxic^ X2.W7fvo»)
—  iToo x /o' ~ "0*^60
i.e. O.iToo **v*a l'
Proprietary Material. © 2009 The McGrawHill Companies, Inc* AH rights reserved. No part of this Manual maybe displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGrawHill for their individual course preparation. A student Using this manual is using it without permission.
.
Problem 2.53 2S3 Solve Prob. 2.52, assuming that portion AB of the composite rod
is made of steel and portion BC is made of brass.
6
/°C) and portion BC is made of aluminum ( Ea — 72 GPa,
aa = 23. 9X jo /°C). Knowing that the rod is initially unstressed, deter
mine (a) the normal stresses induced in portions AB and BC by a tempera
ture rise of 42°C, (b) the corresponding deflection of point B
Z
 40 mm diameter A a& ' ?  $ 0> ,o& )
'
 X/0
~ 6*
' aluminum A at  ifJe? ~ (.2 Sib Xto"
~
n .
 42
c
ts r\ B  4 a ols (LT} = (A/X //7 y l cr X*z) * o^i *to'\
CSrV ~ LgcOl/AT^  (bi)(Zi1 y \cr*)(«z ) z bios' y 10^
,1
I
p A&
ojaj
, ? PU.
Es A a?
Sf = ^Sr\i a +
.
(>0/>y I
iTT
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~
8
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Mf i,
Mm ^
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>v*
^ }(// &*/&)  (* {>2(> * [o m
So r t 4 CS P ) A i c f'l>€>rx\Q T 4 A 62 £
~ /hai A Cokc^ks ^
Problem 2.54 2.54 A (Es = 200 GPa,
steel railroad track = 1 1.7 X 10~6/°C) was
laid out at a temperature of L0°C. Determine the normal stress in the rail
when the temperature reaches 52°C, assuming that the rails (a) are welded to
form a continuous track, ( b ) are 12 in long with 6mm gaps between them.
L= /2M
0
^ = ©.0of44
i,
 L ot(AT) r (l2)(t(‘lYt<r )(S2
•
f'n.
c r
£A
« =3 r €
Cal 4 ST  o botto ^
1
+ O'oolf'}  O £T ~l2fy M,p^\
0o\
6" j 0100744  ~ 0'0C>£» <5T  ^
Proprietary Material. <0 2009 The McGrawHill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGrawHill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
*
Problem 2.55 2.55 Two steel bars (Es « 200 GPa and ^11.7x1 0^/°C) are used to reinforce a
brass bar (£*> =105 GPa, at, ~ 20.9 x 0^/°€) which is subjected to a load P » 25
1
kN. When the steel bars were fabricated, the distance between the centers of the
holes which were to fit on the pins was made 0,5 mm smaller than the 2 m needed.
The steel bars were then placed in an oven to increase their length so that they
would just lit on the pins. Following fabrication, the temperature in the steel bars
dropped back to room temperature. Determine (a) the increase in temperature that
was required to lit the steel bars on the pins, (h) the stress in the brass bar after the
load is applied to it.
ch ay) e to?
of j qvi „
™ Q*S %
S’!' 5* 0.S y lO~ yr\
^
£: of ~ ) C sOf^O ^ ^ HoO * 4O0 y /t)
( ^V \  Elk
A,£,
_ P^Caot*! _
= *fx,
o/ JIA
° )
P
i~,*
to* of : .
 4o )(/5 ^ ~ 600  600 */0~*
(
fC * P j
^ ___ ^ ( 3*00 $
_ 7ti/
' P
*)
t A Ev,
~ (Goo xo' fe )(/o5 v /o'
'
i
)
~ 3 * ^ 4*10
1
P
fc
P* = S. S M y/o3 N
$W •
B^s.' 6?
u
T!  , JzMJLl2l = /y.cgwo 4 P* * I4.6S M?*
Ab Goo y iol
Conf i'nuect
2*55 coin 4^ * ued
bo+V» H* s+eeJ* o.^ J Hte Isitass . Let %’ be fhe add; fa ovuxJ
d i's j^ac e,^ e^J ~
. A JW Oj J e.1~ Ps CK^v^cA Pt ke 4ke acPJi fa&vm.j' fat>/'c,es
deVeiopfiv i •;
>* 4k« s4«eJ? ksv^ss^ ICS'S pecfa Wedy *
 fkk _ ?b L
Asts Afefc t
u
p _ AsPs. e *  (460 uld‘ )C2QO tlo'} _ 6
S L
d 2oo
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Ho* to %'
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1^  (^Oy/O 6 ^3 f7£5"v0' 4 )
4  \z. 1 &£ v/o^ fj
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p ^ “ U.lHo
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r (3/.r^/0 )C3H‘Tf.6iW/o* y io tJ
3
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Ab
Proprietary Material. © 2009 The McGrawHill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGrawHill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
' O
Problem 2.56 2,56 Determine the maximum load P that may be applied to the brass bar of Prob.
2.55 if the allowable stress in the steel bars is 30 MPa and the allowable stress in the
brass bar is 25 MPa.
2.55 Two steel bars (Es ~ 200 GPa and as ® 1,7 x 0^/°C) are used to reinforce a
1 1
15 nun
brass bar (Eb ~ 105 GPa, ab = 20.9 x 10 ‘VC) which is subjected to a load P  25
kN. When the steel bars were fabricated, the distance between the centers of the
holes which were to fit on the pins was made 0.5 mm smaller than the 2 m needed.
Ibe steel bars were then placed in an oven to increase their length so that they
would just fit on the pins. Following fabrication, the temperature in the steel bars
dropped back to room temperature. Determine (a) the increase in temperature that
was required to fit the steel bars on the pins, ( b) the stress in the brass bar after the
load is applied to it.
40 nun
ks)«.iP
ci 1
r\ £W«o‘ Pol 1) i*e s4 .
— G ^ 7.77 wo 1
37. &5Tx/o'
'
£ 700*(0‘’
r —“ * 377.9 v lo
los* 10 *
S bn Pier
«t 6/ S • *
£  39 2 S’ ** /
.
^
Av'eas,: As
Ab
 ft)(&)(**)
Os")( 4 o)  600
o ^ =
f
400v/0' 4
tOOV 0 4 m v
’
^
Ps = E;A S £ = (500x/0‘ X400^/0" )(S%Zr»IO’ e‘)
f <i
r 3 /SSWO
3
^
e 3
Pt  PbA £ fa
" (Oi“x fo* )Ctoo x/o"* ')(37.SS’>'/o '
)  ZSII *lo A/
TH~qjP xc PPjy^ZzJz^S.
3
p *
Ps + Pfc r 3 4 2. <57/ *7o  £.70*10* h)
X s.70 kh> *
Proprietary Material. O
2009 The McGrawHill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGrawHill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
)
Problem 2.57 Z57 An brass link (Et,  lOTC) and a steel rod {Es ^ 200
105 GPa, a*= 20.9 x
GPa, a* ~ 11.7 x 10“6/°C)
have the dimensions shown at a temperature of 20°C.
The steel rod is cooled until it fits freely into the link. The temperature of the
whole assembly is then raised to 45 °C Determine (a) the final stress in the steel
50 mm (h) the final length of the steel rod.
* ti rod,
r<
m 37.5 mm
Tvn f i t ion s T~ 2,0 d w
0 J2
. in m \* 250 mm •] 30  mm diameter
AT  45“ 70 tr
Section AA
F^ee eyp.ftnsi^ qt *
6
J^k". (S T\ •=*
Ct'b (AT)L^(P^IO~ X2S)(&2So) =• !3o. m
5WI •
CS T ) 5  ds (^T)l  (I L7y/o" V2s’Xo.X5o5
t
 73. 3Jy/d‘^
C _
§  \?O*I0~ I 73.mxlO~*' tSO^.GAS'xtoT* = Q3.S* 0 *jr*
a
(Sp') = §£ = O^o^^So^a^) = «'f.‘tt*<? p
(%
^€aP = I.768MIO' p
w
(ol\
. ci
SL ^s>
Sf^es^ m sW y^J
r
afee^ V'^A .
a «
<STs r 
^
P 
Cte.O^Gx/o^)
““76
~~ 36.2k fC> & Ret S"4 r
c C
L f( = <9. 250 4i l2O.>f0' ,
+ 73. I2S*0'  (.7£S3%* /o“ ^ )(2£.0o3>
Problem 2.58 2.58 Knowing that a 0, 5mm gap exists when the temperature is 24°C,
determine (a) the temperature at which the normal aluminum bar will
stress in the
be equal to ~ 75 MPa, (/>) the conespoiiding exact length of the aluminum bah
i
p =  6iA^C7€*io h )(l& ov'o !
) “ khl
Bronze Aluminum
A — 1500 mm 2 A  1800 mm 2 dje ”P
K« 105 GPa K * 73 GPa
a  21.6 X 10 VC or  23.2 X 10
6
/°C
^
PU ,
PU
'
Eb A b EkA*
{/iSooo )(<)'}£) ^(t}Saoo)( 0 '&S)
p
— (ftXMt’X t5iom b a* ) b Om )(!#<><> X(o' )

3 X/ Mv
£>•4 .
 ^ K 7< i£l .
ChXIVO *>
(13*1 6*1 )ii*<n y/5^
^
Lexa*&'j" o* v o*xjv>i 6 O’ tfSox! ho
Proprietary Material* ©
2009 The McGrawHill Companies, Inc. AH rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGrawHill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
*
Problem 2,59 2.59 Determine (a) the compressive force in the bars shown after a tem
perature rise of 82°Gv (b) the corresponding change in length of the bronze bar.
0.5 Mini
LfcOtb(AT') + UdJAr)
^ (6‘}£)(±t' t‘(O’Wfri'ZKief) IH)
E~ GPa
105 E = 73 GPa
"6
a  21.6 X 10" VC ' a = 23.2 X .1.0 /°C
P V* ett»f>4vl5i6wv • $ ~ O* £
— J* 5
) P
e,a, fc fe
O’JT i.
=
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(ioS x/a^ >{/£»<> x/o*)
:}p
(Iftlol ) (/ Shirt X/O^J
a/
/7><f AV«
(t) Lt d k (4r) 
772
 /5 y Z
'
o'i$s£v 0'Z36^ —
croxt/tF ttJsvo* o )
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any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGrawHill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
r .
Problem 2.60 At room temperature (20 °C) a 0.5 mm gap exists between the ends of the rods
shown. At a later time when the temperature has reached 1 40 determine (a) the
normal stress in the aluminum rod, (b) the change in length of the aluminum rod.
0.5 mm
l 250 mm 
AT  Ko  Zo = 120 °c
L
EcA*/ E, A*
_ r Q.SoO _
0.2SA>
U./.5V
^ (IS* 10^X2000^ tO’ c ) (l^OX/O’l^Oy “OP
/O' )
4
* 3.C447 v/cF P
3
? » 0.247 */cP P^ 232 x /o N
W S."£,
Ah 7000 * J O' 4
„  116.5
ll6 x/0C P<^ 116.5 M&.
M UoA(AT) CJV /
e (232.3** to 1 X°s oo )
 (a,36o)(23*icr )0?c>)
CfTTioi )tnooo> tor*)
3&3 x /£> ^
0.3£3
Proprietary Material. © 2009 The McGrawHill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced* or
distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
and educators permitted by McGrawHill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
2.61 In a standard tensile test, an aluminum rod of 20mm diameter is subjected to
Problem 2.61
a tension force of P  30 kN. Knowing that v ~ 0.35 and E ~ 70 GPa, determine
(a) the elongation of the rod in an 1 50mm gage length, (b) the change in diameter
of the rod.
4
P T to K)
20nnn diameter
A  it'd
2   3 mJS* ^  SiHJ^xtcTy^
3 ? 4
 L£j  Clio/o' )0.3& 1t8’‘/o' ) <
 3e>5*/0‘ yv>
tj£j  ~(0.$S)(l*$C«l8«lo
3
)
 ~ 4'77 . U * /o~
c
s 4
(t>  d e„  (2O*!0“ X4 77.VWo' ) 
(X OO^SS m ^
Problem 2.62 2.62 A 20mm ^diameter rod made of an experimental plastic is subjected to a
tensile forceof magnitude P • 6 kN. Knowing that an elongation of 14 and a mm
decrease in diameter of 0.85 mm
are observed in a 1 50mm length, determine the
modulus of elasticity, the modulus of rigidity and Poisson’s ratio for the material.
Lef 4*f\e_ sj^ be “hk* $2.n^4b <?*f "hive Y* O Ck,v\ d +lne xevVs
Le f v'cin S •
0785" V /C>
fo
~ 17. fq.
A 'Si*/. /6 x/O' 6
‘
 O. 0*13333
L ISO
P=2o<T MP^
” Q.o^3S~
15500 s f
VVy 1> . "2^ 22 = O.^SS
1
o.o73333
G * 7o„ 3 Hpcc
3
Problem 2.63 2.63 A 2.75 kN tensile load is applied to a test coupon made from 1,6mm flat steel
plate ( = 200 GPa,
E 0.30). Determine the resulting change (a) in the 50~mm gage
length, (6) in the width of portion AB
of the test coupon, (c) in the thickness of
portion AB, in the crosssectional area of portion AB.
AsOtYurt* l*? 51 i+\
1
 liXx/o'
50 mm
p = 2.75 x JO 5 W id I*
/r~  l^Mjdd.
A l^xio*
 43.im*Jo* p*
 6* _ 1 43.129*10*
£*  716. IS'* /o'
E 300 x /O'*
 (O.SoXHC.. l5*lo‘) *  £/9.8*fx/D'
1
(a) L 0.050 ^ §y = /_£.  (O.osroXii^ is^lo" ) ~ 3 5.81* to
0. o 3 *vi ^
(W) W= O.oi^w, wBy (o.oiaAC;?/ 4 .ZH * lo
c
) = 2^578^ /o"
6
no
 O.. Q&'ZS
1
(C^ t * 0.00/6 $*. tf*.  (O.OOiC.MW.M x/o" ')  S'isyxfo'
OOdOS^S? Wfh
Proprietary Material. €> 2009 The McGrawHill Companies, Inc. AM rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGrawHill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
a
Probem 2.64 2.64 A 2m length of an aluminum pipe of 240mm outer diameter and 10mm wall
tWckness isused as a short column and carries a centric axial load of 640 kN.
Knowing E ~ 73 GPa and v  0.33, determine (a) the change in length of the
that
610 IvN
pipe, ( b) the change in its outer diameter, (c) the change in its wall thickness.
240 t to
x z
^(z^0 170 )~ 7.ZtS7~IO*
Z
l.ZZ57XI&~
goo k;
(64P*I^K 3.o<A s
_ Pi . _ _ ? ¥27 *.,y
s
AE "
C7.W^?x/0' y73 ^10^)
=  Z 43 nn
s
 1. 3.1 S3 * /o~
L 2<yo
Ejyf.
  v£   O33Xf.^>33V/0~* )
« 4oo.^ *7o~ 4
c>
(b^ A4  (24oK¥^.V^lo‘ i
“ o. 0<?£J h’lfr't —
4
Ceo At ~ teju * (loX'foa^wo • O.OOHOOw^v «<
)
Proprietary Material. €) 2009 The McGrawHill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
distributed inany form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
and educators permitted by McGrawHill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
Proprietary Material. ©2009 The McGrawHill Companies, Inc* AH rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means* without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGrawHill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
Proprietary Material, © 2009 The McGrawHill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGrawHill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
a X
Problem 2.68 2.68 For the rod of Prob. 2.67, determine the forces that should be ap
plied to the ends A and D of the rod (a) if the axial strain in portion BC of the
rod is to remain zero as the hydrostatic pressure is applied (b) ,
if the total length
AD of the rod is to remain unchanged.
2.67 The aluminum rod AD is fitted with a jacket that is used to apply
a hydrostatic pressure of 42 MPa to the 300mm portion BC of the rod. Know
ing that E = 70 GPa and v ™ 0.36, determine (a) the change in the total length
AD, (b) the change in diameter at the middle of the rod.
(£j ) C + 6^  a>61 f
')
38 rum
F ~ A  (l’/34x/o^) = 342*? 2 k1
+* ^0%) Be ^ tc
(Lag +* L co >16
**
^CcCS^&r ^
f 0 ’S' o 3 J * + + 6>^ } = O
1
0*1 o* \
which the change in the height of the block will be zero, (6) the corresponding
change in the area of the face A BCD, (c) the corresponding change in the volume
(b) A&  Lx
A= U((+ L*(! + Z 2 )
 L,Lj
AA r AA 0
^ Lx L2 C e* + + e^ z ) *
/\A  (iDOivuv\'j^'2S>v\m^ (~’2>.S I > ) o ” I. 29 x 10 ")
AA — ~ l3.iTo ^tv\
& v 0  Lx Ly L 7
Proprietary Material. O 2009 The McGrawHill Companies, Inc. AH rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGrawHill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
Proprietary Material. <D 2009 The McGrawHill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGrawHill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
2.72 For amember under axial loading, express the norma! strain c 'in a direction
Problem 2.72
forming an angle of 45° with the axis of the load in terms of the axial strain e x by
(a) comparing the hypothenuses of the triangles shown in Fig. 2.54, which
represent respectively an element before and after deformation, ( b) using the
values of the corresponding stresses o' and cr* shown in Fig. 1.40, and the
generalized Hooke's law.
X
1 n
Fig. 2.54
V
*
"Si
Fig. 1.40 (b)
<fc(l4£')
1 +£*
BeFore cleFo^vsAft’tn h d exo/* ? on
1
[/? f I + e')]*  (i + £*) 4 (ia/fyV
2 0 + 2£ 4 £* )
5
I 4 2 6# 4 $2 +   2^ £* •*
i
v £ ll
7'
H£' 4 ;?£'
*
2£* 4
^
He^ecf as 4£* = 2E*
p
£ • 

LzH p
=*
*
^x V<
t \
f /// *
p '
= J§L'
E
E
_
2A
&
<Y
^

^
I
2E ^
Proprietary Material. ©
2009 The McGrawHill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGrawHill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
Problem 2.75 2.75 The plastic block shown is bonded to a Fixed base and to a hori
zontal rigid plate to which a force P is applied. Knowing that for the plastic
used G= 385 MPa, determine the deflection of the plate when P — 36 kN.
84 hVifH
Co<o sf el fke
piUsti c kflock
TKe
po/'ee
;& pt siu'tJ
ZZ4&7S
Sic w *\ si’f'ft'io T
i 
 r
& JgS
0>oo 8433
^ t'* 
Bui r =
S  i T  #i/n
Problem 2.76 2.76 A vibration isolation unit consists of two blocks of hard rubber
bonded to plate A# and to rigid supports as shown. For the type and grade of
rubber used raM = 1.54 MPa and G — 12.6 MPa. Knowing that a centric
vertical force of magnitude P — 13 kN must cause a 2,5mm vertical deflec
tion of the plate AB , determine the smallest allowable dimensions a and b of
the block.
T4?<? is % ~
P /3 * to 3
o\r fe+vvr
.
A
A '
ar
1
oW^y J
M
1
Sot A * (3.o) b
5ke„.:. . slra.'v. . t 
J
  0. liliW.
If.' s Bf r = 
if
u $N CL J§_ _ >iT
 zo4^ hu
r ‘
o.mQj.
n ~ loS i*/n
Problem 2.77 2.77 The plastic block shown is bonded to a rigid support and to a vertical plate to
which a 240kN load P is applied. Knowing that for the plastic used G~ 1050
M Pa, determine the deflection of the plate.
A •' {$£>)( 1 20 )r

P 'IHovio fJ
SL P Vigwo ? _
“ * ,0 , p
'
A 1.6* to’*
120 Ilf G * I oso */b c
y
'
s ^
&
f Js*loL * ^3 .S/ox/O
g/0 /D

Dimensions in mm
h r >'> * O. O^o ^
3N>
§  (0. 0^0 Y? 3. 3 JO */o
l./9o */o~ I. 09 I
Problem 2.78 2.78 What load P should be applied to the plate of Prob. 2.77 to produce a 1.5
mm deflection?
2.77 The plastic block shown is bonded to a rigid support and to a vertical plate to
which a 240kN load P is applied. Knowing that for the plastic used G 1050
MPa, determine the deflection of the plate.
S ~ I. S ~ L5 * f o* ho
m
h   So * lo
"' t
G  1050 P*
Dimensions in mm
4 k p Y r &T r (tO$D» L0 )(?>0 « [ O'
i
c
 31. P * lO
'tk*.
“tk<ir
Te^oc^ive
Y <s "Me
©hspJc<cev*«i*t‘'
favo^ei^f
p^jp^Wi v**'?
~/4> € AWjr fc
H*
0
cU T . *TV<
*
(
T ^
CL
6,
~ ( /IY./0 ) oi oo S"3 > ,0/ „ a a
(X
~L
iP P
s4 re«$s r 
~JT
'

V 40 » /o'*
O'tyS **  /Hint)
w 2CZ '
CzHfitOCb^io*)
Problem 2,80 2.80 Two blocks of rubber with a modulus of rigidity G — 10 MPa
are bonded to rigid supports and to a plate A#. Knowing that b — 200 mm
and c ~ 125 mm, determine the largest allowable load /> and the smallest al
lowable thickness a of the blocks if the shearing stress in the rubber is not to
exceed 1.5 MPa and the deflection of the plate is to be at least 6 mm.
4 P
:5*f 55 r 
 if p
A ?hc
h
P  xtc *2T '(i)(0'Z)(o'i2S)(/. $K0 ) » is Lhl
s4 n T 
r
\
a d»
shown to provide flexibility during earthquakes. ITie beam must not displace
more than 10 mm when a 22kN lateral load is applied as shown. Knowing that
,
the maximum allowable shearing stress is 420 kPa, determine (a) the smallest
allowable dimension b , (b) the smallest required thickness a.
sK P  7H>c \c>‘ N
% * H2D * / o3 Pa
^ *•

AA  P. _ 5H xfo' _
%
r 5X38/ *(0 tnP
A  C?oo XfcO
, A _ 5X38
5X38 iJ'jo. _
~ S
f ~f
G
r
D. M x ( o«
r H6£.6?x/o'
Problem 2.82 2.82 For the elastomeric bearing in Prob. 2.81 with b  220 mm and « 30 mm,
determine the shearing modulus G
and the shear stress r for a maximum lateral
P  I 9 x /O
3,
W
pWZCt. A “ (?0O ~ 44x/O t tv,*,
MM v IO" 5
A MMvIo
*5 m.u xio ?
?4
43 J 2P*.
* O.^oo
 43/. 8/ v/o‘
G *
 s I.OSOWO Pa
* I.OSo MPa. «
>f ».S ass fiu+ V Ts f'll* faMg€.v\p of fb« avt^ cMern^C. This
fv><ikes Phc ir«J? <nJr l sje, cits r^o.c.« meo't” jprf'o t w»j "ft, "fit*
. x
Problem 2.83 A 150mtn diameter solid steel sphere is lowered into the ocean
*2.83
to a pointwhere the pressure is 50 MPa (about 5 kin below the surface). Know
ing that E “ 200 GPa and v = 0.30, determine {a) the decrease in diameter of
the sphere, ( b ) the decrease in volume of the sphere, (c) the percent increase
in the density of the sphere,
*
~ ife,
£T vSV    0g^»>p = = „ /o& ,;
E t ZODilcfl
Likewise s loo* to
c.
e * £* f £, f £z =  3&OX !C>
C to
(W> ~l\V * *2>£ € *  (^747X/£»^ 'jC 3o~o X to“ ')  5*3 oK/fl
m * * pv * f>v:(\+el
 *£   
A
I
/°<>
I
2£0+e) hi
i
!4e
s *
* O e +e^ «. 4 ... ")
i = e f e e%~~
4
— S  3<s>o v /o
C
y too % r (3^2) XlO~ ^(lOO
n*
Proprietary Material. €> 2009 The McGrawHill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGrawHill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
.
Problem 2,84 *2.84 (a) For the axial loading shown, determine the change in height and the
change in volume of the brass cylinder shown. ( b ) Solve part a assuming that the t
  85 ilMii
loading is hydrostatic with ax s? ay ^ .70 MPa, •
58 MPa
o.l 35" i*
105 (JPa
0.33 4
A0 * % d, ,
* ? ( 3s V" ~ s.  SIGHS'* la* m
6
<
y‘o
r A0 k 0  7 £G.O&x)(? "nf  7S6.06X/0" *,*
(a) 6^ = o ^ <5^
=  sr&ticf pa.
y
<s^  o
e =
{ _ •? >* £~> , c' . <c"* \ — 0 — % ** } §y _ { <0 . 3V ^/O^y
~
E ^ /oj'xio 1'
6
•
I Z7.8ix'l&
+ 6^  vSi'l  1^ %
(o.SV^Cyoy/Q^?
)o5~ * [0* 'VL&.&7 xio"
Ab ~
h 0 £j ~ ^
“  0.0306
I ‘
e =
E (SV ^,.5,)=
7 * ' /oi MO*
__ _ 480 „ (0

‘tCe  (jC,Q>. 0 £>xio K~ CgOrfoT^ )
  SZI ^ tq
Proprietary Material. €> 2009 The McGrawHill Companies, Inc. AH rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGrawHill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
Proprietary Material, ©2009 The McGrawHill Companies, Inc. AH rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGrawHill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
)
Problem 2.86 *2.86 Determine the change in volume of the 50mm gage length segment AB in>
Prob, 2.63 (a) by computing the dilatation of the material, (6) >y subtracting the
original volume of portion AB from its final volume.
2.63 A 2.75 kN tensile load is applied to a test coupon made from 1,6mm flat steel
plate (E ~ 200 GPa, 0.30). Determine the resulting change (a) in die 50mm gage
length, ( b in die width of portion AB of the test coupon, (c) in the thickness of
portion AB, (A) in the crosssectional area of portion AB.
mi »j
ca c t
tv\ Yt\f
(a
1
Vo^o^e “ l~ 0 A0 ~ CSoMh.z') ~
L 
”
2‘7S*lo %
/43.m*)o e Pa.  s; = O
A0
_ /„• \ Gy 111. 21 1*10* 
,u e
_ I
~ g v 6^,  V(Ty  ^
3/(5,, )1 
B Sooxioi
w !,.<>
~
‘ 714. IS
lfc,w x/C>
"
e ~ + fA  286.46 W©~ c
~& 3
 %e. ~ (
e}6o)(
726.HL *to )  0.275 vmv,
Tie J
Proprietary Material, O
2009 The McGrawHill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGrawHill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
~ —
Problem 2.87 *2.$7 A vibration isolation support consists of a rod A of radius R\  10 and mm
a tube B of inner radius R 2 “ 25 mm
bonded to an 80mmdong hollow rubber
cylinder with a modulus of rigidity G
~ 1 2 MPa, Determine the largest allowable
force P which can be applied to rod A if its deflection is not to exceed 2.50 mm.
Lgrf v* o t c * Ovz.iT
V'otkec R* £ V ^ Rx
r f
'
• • •
.
ip sfv^ss 'C a.C'J't
On CL cyj?ihtflKc*.^ SvACLte
Ch r I £
j
f— Q~ih r JL  p 
L '
Hid Lr xnrh
LMr . I.. A
' Gr 2 Tf&hr
An S ^ y*
/
« _ P
 —%r
2T1 feh
Jin r f*
i^>
=
Gr h
(A P*  AO
'
P (L ?a
^ ZnGhS
K ' XMTiT)
2irGh R,
w. lOmin * 2 0/0
( . („. 1?,  25“*^ * O. C^r *1 , K~ 3 o ^*1 =* O. 0 £& yv\
Proprietary Material. ©
2009 The McGrawHill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, of
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGrawHill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
P> r \
Problem 2.88 *2.88 A vibration isolation support consists of a rod A of radius R\ and a tube B
of inner radius R 2 bonded to a 80mmlong hollow rubber cylinder with a
modulus of rigidity C?  10,93 MPa. Determine the required value of the ratio
Rt/R\ if a 10kN force P is to cause a 2mm deflection of rod A.
cyJ'tnAer < V* ^
0* cl c.y>Pi su^P^ce
h
0
Put 1J4
of f'o*
r
d i os r
£
A
is

znrh
—
i i Mi n
1
The is
' ’
27T(?h r
2 n £h A I*
y*
1 . fe.
*
_
*’
~n S* 5 _ ( 2 ir)(io.‘i 3 y io‘ r '
k j.oxo'Ko.ooO
"— 
'
r ’ ' '
'
t.0988
IO y lo
:
Proprietary Material, €> 2009 The McGrawHill Companies, Inc, AH rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGrawHill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
Problem 2.89 *2.89 A composite cube with 40mm sides and the properties shown is made with
glass polymer fibers aligned in the x direction. The cube is constrained against
deformations in the y and £ directions and is subjected to a tensile load of 65 kN
in the r direction. Determine (a) the change in the length of the cube in the v
Ex  50 GPa v*. = 0.254
direction, ( h) the stresses rr*, <r
y,
and
15.2 GPii 0.254
li  15.2 CPa  0.428
v tjar x
ir+iir
rr v cr.
^ £ v £.
cr)
€t
~~rr
VXZ<TX i'vzO'.v
A”.’
'
iJ ?
J W Et
l
ec
E x
Os)
&$
1  s; (?)
Ezl
Ey
GJi  ^6 r = 3^6 XT ;
J— _ 0,4» _
is.% ^
f
ir.a
Oi* Sy “ Q.4286tj,
_ 0.4*3 r A
ls;a%
**
IS".
. 1«
.._
2 U
yC/
2
««
0^ 'PAZSGj + 6^
Sofv/m^. 3 t ^ ao ds 1
Sy =
= er7 * o,i3*n
JL 1
£* = £/  (0 zsh )(o.\3^m)
J
1 .

( 0. *54 Xo, 134913
_ 0.13142 S'*
£*
C
A ~ ( 4 o)^ 4 o) = ICOO = 1600 X' /o' KH*
s'/ *
^ * GOO i
rMir
1 *nto U r 40 . 6 ^5 /fo
e
TV
Co h f n i d
O
ptro\o P t'h a e el
6 ** =
6*y * o
6a.
r (o.OWC )(h¥.C 2$V/0 4) « 3.MHS^/O
fc
Ftom C*Oj £u *
xf ^ +
4^ IJ*
6*
 (Q^^r^6?.«Tx/o ) ^ t
3M^6 V fe ^
Sox to**
D _ ( (
fsiZxicy)
 3*3 73 */o~V
4
(W Sy * 4y^,= (40 w^)( 3*3.73 vfo" ) * O.OU9^
Proprietary Material, ©. 2009 The McGrawHill Companies, Inc. AH rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
and educators permitted by McGrawHill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
Problem 2.91 * 2.91 material constants £ G k and v are related by Eqs. (2,33) and (2.43).
The
Show any one of these constants may be expressed in terms of any other two
that
constants. For example, show that (a) k ~ GE/(9G  3E) and (b) v Qk>. 2G)((6k
+ 2 G).
K = G ~
iTPKT) 2 O + 2J )
k « 2£G
r S[2G  2£ + 4G I8GGF
£S
/i
(b '
\ Jl _ g_Q±id)
G 3(1
3k  Gk^ = XS+
3l<~ 2.G * +£ k
^ =• 3k  ZG
Git 4
'IG
Problem 2.92 *
2.92 Show that for any given material, the ratio G/E of the modulus of rigidity
i 1
over the modulus of elasticity is always less than  but more than [Hint: Refer
G =
WTTo) %  ZU + ^
A ss o»> e ^ .> O F oJJ wd' S.'SkfiJ' S <X*\ 2/ 2? 4V ^ po5lf\V«
Ho *
Proprietary Material. O
2009 The McGrawHill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGrawHill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
F
Problem 2,93 2.93 Knowing that P = 40 kN, determine the maximum stress when
(a) r = 12 (b) r ~ 15 mm.
3 (t>j~
“ dt ~ (0'6l?l)(0'Ol$)? fall(oYfo
h/Um 1
£ ?
(h>) yr /ITmi*,^ f 7T~ * K  1*84.
K£ _ WY4QK/Q*) _~ ,4
6
A^c*
'
A//W 4
7
Problem 2.94 2.94 Knowing that, for the plate shown, the allowable stress is 1 10 MPa,
determine the maximum allowable value of P when (a) r ~ 10 mm, ( b) r ~
18 mm.
 Ho MPq
O~ IZ& rr\tv\ d  fa 2 hvhv X'0\{>
^ > t.
Aw*  dt * (*i6t,z)(o*oif) * fa t/6yio
6 ,
n^it^
p Ak^ ^7«//£x/c ~ co n/
U *
.2*0^
*
(bl r * O'll K ~
» fa~j £>
Proprietary Material. €) 2009 T he McGrawHill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGrawHill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
^
At He \u>9c.
'
cJA = 59 24 i 51
i n  10 mm —
y*
a«if
»*
s *»
fvot* Fig a. K ~ 2*
K£ KR
4
S'**.
Am
>
' * t
1 
AC
M He P.JM t> =
STfc
* ig
*tO
 *' 316
ru“ § “ ,c> ^^  o. xS

Ftok
T^i f
Fl^ 2.C*/ t
iig ^ ( '
( 0*
\Jcl]Io2
w
0^)
1
^
iS
i
(f
k
2S)u <r)
."He

* ec)
/.TO
= O.OU^
u\Ve<?t w>i'vm rruAvi jpJLfe
6
“*«
,

K£
A.,
IH.K
 K£
d 8 1
£  20 *4
Problem 2.96 2.96 Knowing that the hole has a diameter of 10 mm, determine (a) the
radius rf of the fillets for which the same maximum stress occurs at the hole
A and at the fillets, (b) the corresponding maximum allowable load P if the
allowable stress is 105 MPa.
*
I o
For He cifcofc<s I 'ioJ/e T * rt S*HK *
£ 2
~°' oS&
d loo (O^OK*
= T
C\)C0'Oi) ~ 0.00(34
>• !.. ,’
l
2n,t
"i Ane+ = d t ~(.O'0
FU 2.C4 (X KU  z '8
= Km. p
£ Anef
A»*f o5yiQ ^
(w ?  
=. 33'l£k*J
iC 
*>'** "
kWP
~ 
'*
,
 A <SI~x s (Q'Ooo6J.)Cf<?&Kf/j
?2 ?$£>
_
" {,4' ^
2.
'
A” ;
p
From F. ?.C4 t I}.* <Hf4s£*l£K4iJ.g M« ifo Kth
3
1
2.97 A hole is to be drilled in the plate at A . The diameters of the bits available
Problem 2.97 to drill the hole range from 12 to 24 mm in 3~mm increments, (nr) Determine the
diameter d of the largest bit that can be used if the allowable load at the hole is to
exceed that at the fillets. (6) If the allowable stress in the plate is 145 MPa, what
is the corresponding allowable load P?
A+ £V $
)
)T  ^ IS m
S*
t): § * I.
~
zz 0./2 Woim F >2 2.0H b H
C
A*.,*  (75;(l2'> ~ mmA  900  9(XO*IO~
~ r
Af fie bo A’ A„*f  (D  2r ) t ,
a D^r
V I
I)  /I3.5T ^ Y’'
= '0&.At'<j$ ot o iVc^/e ~t~ 12 n**
K <s Aow a.
 A
Ff
«b  6ur ••
Pj, . K
WoJ?« r d T)^2r r/»l K A ^ ef ( m*"
4
1 2 Vn m \0O.S O.0£0 2.20 1206 * o' 62.5xo*
4 c
«?7.5 M7oX 7
1
15 **1K4 1
c
2.1 Mm 1 0.5^^ 0.115 2.C7 ion*io’ Sl.G x io :
c
24 MM (%, O vom rom 0. i3S ?.62 1 062 x fef SB. 3 x /o
a
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2009 The McGrawHill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to Leachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGrawHill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
Proprietary Material €> 2009 The McGrawHill Companies, Inc. AH rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced* or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGrawHill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
. 1 i o
Problem 2,99 2.99 The aluminum test specimen shovm is subjected to two equal and opposite
of magnitude P, (a) Knowing that E  70 GPa and
centric axial forces « 200
MPa, determine the maximum allowable value of P and the corresponding total
( b ) Solve part a assuming that the specimen has
elongation of the specimen. ,
been replaced by an aluminum bar of the same length and a uniform 60 * 15nim
rectangular cross section.
150 JB * J£ = f.25 * a
^ mi A
cd G(J ci 6o
iq
K:
Dimensions in inm
P  ^5.3 kN *
<e A*  (7s~~Y/£ ^ J
?  1. 17 S* I m
c,
O r > . ? r
^
k  12.3oS*IQ^ Jo.yso £.3oo o, IS’Q
E A 
7e> xja”' [.I.OSMo** 'Rooxjo”*’ l.n5 v /o' 3
711*10' $  0.11
Ok Uv^ ;
) or ~ >v'
6N 3
A 6J, = C?00 y /£>'* )C2^ * /^ )
 ISOx £ P ?t IgO.O VU
<; = £L _ A sojdold  t 7
m ^ 0
'
3
r 1.71 H <a
5
Proprietary Material. €> 2009 The McGrawHill Companies, Inc, AH rights reserved No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGrawHill for their individual course preparation, A student using this manual is using it without permission.
1 b
2.100 For the test specimen of Prob. 2.99, determine the maximum value of the
Problem 2.100 normal stress corresponding to a total elongation of 0.75 mm.
2.99 The aluminum test specimen shown is subjected to two equal and opposite
centric axial forces of magnitude P . (a) Knowing that E~ 70 GPa and ** 200
MPa, determine the maximum allowable value of P and the corresponding total
“
A, C JS»>* ) 0 h... i — i » t ^S*  o yv.
~
Aj. ~ (.to® **^\C{Sn\v\ ^ ^\OC>  O
O.ISo O. Zoo 0. SQ
+  eoo
l3S*lo“ 4
J
ES _ (7q*;o‘ Ko.~7S*o~M ,
a
P = 6 oo
S7.S * !D M
* Av
D . is
r r . _ 6_
1 60 i . 2 S A 60
 O. iy
7.
~ V?
. \< <T
xf _
*
(\.<?^YS?.*T x (o'
‘iooxlo u IB^x/O 6 P* <5*,* 18** M1V
4k S'— S' 6 ^,.
Proprietary Material, ©
2009 The McGrawHill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
and educators permitted by McGrawHill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
)
~ c
<R«jW * K*Gy c £3.c n«to XS45 */o<
= 2L cf<j$*(o s tJ
0Zm p = o: IJ a ~ 0.7 FAg « o
 i a. 96 7^ /©' w
lS.*?"* IrN a
3
('Zoo'SiQiytz.&nxto*)
~ % ISCkS *lo
%
oso4><lo'
0* ~ 3
S,  I. / 3. 3l9 x /<9” w 3*
Problem 2.102 2. 102 Solve Proh. 2.1 0 1, assuming that the yield point of the mild steel is 250 MPa.
<3.,.^ lo.Rx/o3 M
lO. 12.
'
$A * _ SC2 s»fcr*»>
€>'
"
J/7"
" 2.232/ */cT s r^/
S,  1.1
©'  2.1Gx/o" s ^ e
'
2.103 The square bar AB has a length L ~ 2.2 m; it is made of a mild steel
30~mm
Problem 2.103
that is assumed be elastoplastic with E  200 GPa and rrY  345 MPa. A force
to
P is applied to the bar until end has moved down by an amount Determine
the maximum value of the force P and the permanent set of the bar after the force
has been removed* knowing that (a) Sm ~ 4.5 mm, ( h ) = 8 mm.
c i
(^oo *io 3io .S'* fO* ^
If Sm 5: Sr Pm ~ A<5>  X3 it$*tQ ) "
sf  S*S'
 3,1^5 —
> = 0.7oC«m —
3
fb) Sv. » > Sy  Sio.S" x/o Kl = 3 JO.iT /< M
Determine the maximum value of the force P and the maximum amount Sm by
which the bar should be stretched if the desired value of Sp is (a) 3.5 mm* (b) 6.5
mm.
r C
A “ (3o)(3o)  l0O y* M  JOO*IO~ v*'
^
§y  L £ ry  kOn  i 2 ^X 2d£
loo*
*.LStl = H.sm'*jo *
5
= q.zizs m*,
£ l O’*
eycce^s Sy ^
j~hoS pro c}jc> « pe*** 6 *e*f
sf of Sp Y^ eKy \ vv\Jwwv t S
;
6 < ?
A<$I = (9oo x/0* )(34iV/o ) * 3/0.$vo M  SlQ.f UU
Sp  $*,  S  “ Sf Sm ~ Sp * §r
—aft
(<Xl <£)
r 3* 5 Wl m Sm * 9, * 7.81
p
Cb) Sp r ^ ^ 6.v^v*m 4 Hi 3 2 S~ ^ ^
1
~ 1 ^ S' i
Proprietary Material. €> 2009 The McGrawHill Companies* Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGrawHill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
2.105 Rod ABC consists of two cylindrical portions AB and BC; it is made of a
Problem 2.1 05
mild steel that is assumed to be elastoplastic with E  200 GPa and ay ~ 250 MPa.
A force P is applied to the rod and then removed to give it a permanent set $p ** 2
mrii, Determine the maximum value of the force P and the maximum amount A,
by which the rod should be stretched to give it the desired permanent set.
40inm
1.2 m jr
diameter 7 OG»
H
A ac j l.*566«, XfO* Vwv**' /. ’ZSb&'t * t<S
l
30imn
t &N ?
0.8 m diameter
ft,*,,
~ A_<S; . (7ot.8&* JO' )(25'OWO )
 \76,"7ir^lo M
I7G..7 kO
§
f_ £V. 4 P'Uc. _ (i7^,.7)$~xfQ s X°^ ,
076.7''*' )(i.7)
(700*10'’ Yl,7S‘6£‘i><iO~3
/S4 37T*{0 *n 
C”
or x
CT
s
cr , C 2+ KS4V7S w. si
Sf>
Problem 2.1 06 2.106 Rod /15C consists of two cylindrical portions AB and #C; it is made of a
mild vSteel that is assumed to be elastoplastic with E  200 GPa and ay* 250 MPa,
A force P is applied to the rod until its end A has moved down by an amount Sm ~
5 mm, Detcnnine the maximum value of the force P and the permanent set of the
rod alter the force has been removed,
40 min
(liumnter
A Aa ~ TjJ
T VVyWx ” * /O
2 z
^A/o)  256 £H y lO
30inin Ag c * !.
diameter
6
ft** = A^.6;  (7o6.8<*j‘/o' )^S'Ov/o^)= 76.7tSx/c? N
P~*« 176.7 /rU *»
3
P^AB y.VUie. _ 7n4.7/6^/6> )(o.8)
+ f!7^7 A 
oMQjD
EAas p Aqc (?oo/ /o* YjoCSig io'c ) o. (^cox/o'’ )0A$66‘i*to'5 )
3
/
Sp  S. s' = S*UgV37^ 3* / £ ~ 3. I G mm
Proprietary Material. ©
2009 The McGrawHill Companies, Inc, AH rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGrawHill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
)
Problem 2.107 2.107 Rod AB of two cylindrical portions AC and BC each with a
consists y
200 GPa and <ry = 250 MPa, and portion CB is made of a highstrength steel with
E = 200 GPa and ay = 345 MPa. A load P is applied at C as shown. Assuming
both steels to be elastoplastic, determine (a) the maximum deflection of C if P is
1 90 mm gradually increased from zero to 975 kN and then reduced back to zero, (6) the
maximum stress in each portion of the rod, (c) the permanent deflection of C.
C s
F»cCfu.Pr)'0 f?»FvF«» = S7S*tO N
i'u+p
Smce JW f>*
Z
cnS*IO N > 87£'x/O
i
VJ
por'Ko* AG y
i eJ7J % .
Fcb = £>c.
 P = W^*.l&97S*'l03 U= S27.S*l<? A/
Si. =
7^ «  =  307. W WO* iv  307 MP«, —
(c^ Defied /o»
7
* “ "IT~
*
C.' EtC^AC _
' _ Qt'Lcft »
** £7
He# '
 «.
^ L&
CT
4a
 _ £7*
Kc
3
F' = T75V/0 = P^Pd * =•
W7.S*/o* P
*** , (W.^y/o3 )(o.^o) 0 m
® Uoox/o’ )(a5bvio'* Y
*a'*2QHM*l<*
c
3 s
~  9* T 0.11171 Ho'  0. 2CMCf>/cT =
9p
 bQZL7' *?»i
Proprietary Material. © 2009 The McGrawHiU Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGrawHill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
t
Problem 2.108 2.108 For the composite rod of Prob. 2.107, if P is gradually increased from zero
until the deflection of point C reaches a maximum value of Sm ~ 0.03 mm and
then decreased back to zero, determine, (a) the maximum value of I\ (b) the
maximum stress in each portion of the rod, (c) the permanent deflection of C after
the load is removed.
*4 "
C is r 0,30 mm, c orwsy
^  S
m KJ 78 9
'.S ”
* f''
lO~
L ac
i
I
& f i *
S
. JiB. r  .&3gjS^   /.S78?*/o
iC6 1^0 wivi
C   2^0X10° _ r
s /w oj 1
E
£ c6
£v/,c6

0 s^ks* g  AOSjflO* 
r 
_ 1.72£>/©”
i.72SV/o~* w
(eAsf/c
^ )
'
O'
E
£ ROOKIC*
7.00 K 0*»
e
7— —nr   '«   r“  ~ F*
P‘ =ni>J*/cfw •
Rl • q«;or><7o* w
c' (ilf.OS'xlC?)
S

 ,
rr'SwT^
(2c© X(Ol)Cl?^C7 XfO *)
;nrr w o. ICB m Y O m  O.ZG 8 /‘i *,*.
Problem 2.110 2J10 Solve Prob. 2.109 T assuming that the cables are replaced by rods of the
same crosssectional area and material. Further assume that the rods are braced
so that they can carry compressive forces.
elastoplastic material for which ay ™ 345 MPa and E ~ 200 GPa. A force Q is
applied at C to the rigid bar ABC and is gradually increased from 0 to 50 kN and
then reduced to zero. Knowing that the cables were initially taut, determine (a)
the maximum stress that occurs in cable BD f (b ) the maximum deflection of point
C, ( c ) the final displacement of point C (Hint: In part c% cable CE is not taut.)
Le+ 0 ” 'reck;**
&
y
~ %3&. _ Set?
L Afi *
XTjvc
i. c
JL
00 Ct
Er ej^ op Lay ABC,
^ ^
* ^
,'P,' £> r i
j
=$ *3IM, = o: * UcE e  UQo
F„ . iaFc „
 Fe£ *Ci 0 <
&
Ass^^c GaLA? CG is yirjj^ej. Fc _ f AG^ — ( loo* to )(Z^S*f O6 ) r 3H.S % to
a
H
3
F^(n) Fao= ^(^QFrV ^)Cso*ld i
Z‘*.5'^!o
>
) 31.0 x/o KJ
Fsp
bo < A Gy r S^.S* it? tixJLJe 8D is eiAjh'c wl><M <3 fcV.
reo \A
(cC) H ^O ury stresses
5~F^es5es .
, 6ce = 0V = 345“ Mp<*.
S*> 
' %A
¥ '
 ^
loo x
?,Q * !
°l
to c  sio* (o‘ *> n 6i» ' 3I« HP.
Zb") M >
^ cM^ec>r [ t
3 ppr^i
r> C. ,
>
F«L, (3).oxlo'*)U 3
 )
c 3J X/O nn
(2.00 > l * )(/ CxO V ( o” 7
ijyi Ppftgl* i
. a'= ^ ,
s c; =•
si o ^ Wo = i s;
E JUsf to c '  FA^_~ C^oo^/o’Yioox
' io‘
6
Y£Se .'')
r Sxl._
° t S ,, /
e£, ~'
Lao t
[T '  FA Sjg , \Zoqv fo )f/oc?y/d" <? s
XS>c.
f
) _ / 0),y 0 «> g
'
FV^ta) '
r sc
1
(o')
1
Problem 2.111 2.1 1 1 Two temperedstee! bars, each 4.76 mm thick, are bonded to a
12.5mm mildsteel bar. This composite bar is subjected as shown to a cen
tric axial load of magnitude P. Both steels are elastoplastic with E 200
GPa and with yield strengths equal to 690 MPa and 345 MPa, respectively,
for the tempered and mild steel. The load P is gradually increased from zero
until the deformation of the bar reaches a maximum value 8 m ™ 1.016 mm
and then decreased back to zero. Determine (a) the maximum value of P, (b)
the maximum stress in the femperedsteel bars, (c) the permanent set after
§f . iSi fVUFVf.lv i
j.
,.
_
zzs
2.25 f.(0
", ,
1^,
 b Z.
6
p t PA 2 S^ (200x10^,) C‘^^S4’y«o )^.Qof t> /fc<)
O' 5 55"
p =•
p, + H = 445*4 tN
Cb) sses
S+r>esses 6^ =  * Gy, r £4L Avffj?
6;1

= a , ,

~ 512'
512* '
MP^
4 MP.
A, 4&'6*i<f
UtnPo&di Hi
/ _ pL _
(44^ot.)^o^S5) ^
O'l&lKlo ^
EA ^PeoXit1
n,
(miHxia 9
)
O Z* ?
Proprietary Material. €> 2009 The McGrawHill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGrawHill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
2 ^
Problem 2.1 1 2.1 12 For the composite bar of Prob. 2. II 1 if P is gradually increased >
from zero to 436 kN and then decreased back to zero* determine (a) the max
imum deformation of the bar* (b) the maximum stress in the temperedsteel
bars* (c) the permanent set after the load is removed.
HJJ sfeeJ? A t
o£oir) ~ h
Tempered s+ee^ A*  ^(o>oo^&)(6io£o£)W?'Ui o*
A = A>*A, = ^
Jl J S"f e ej?
6V,  9y  A6V, M
V > Py 0 s teeJP y!eJ?ds
P, = A, GT, = =2f^<>7T M
P, + P*  9 p  pp,  h booo if N
b
£ Aa (>eo*io1 } (4f3'6ic(p J

Uf WSV
<s; 6 = 4Ar8Xhl
46?'
§/> SK § = » 0 *
6*f 2. ~ O » I C> 4 ^
Proprietary Material. O 2009 The McGrawHill Companies* Inc, All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced* or
distributed inany form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
and educators permitted by McGrawHill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
) * ^
Problem 2.113 2.113 The rigid bar ABC is supported by two links, AD and BE, of uniform 37.5 x
6 mm rectangular cross section and made of a mild steel that is assumed to be
elastoplastic With £^ 200 GPa and &y = 250 MPa. Tbe magnitude of the force
Q applied at B is gradually increased from zero to 260 kN. Knowing that a =
jlgpi 0.640 m, determine (a) the value of the normal stress in each link, (b) the
maximum deflection of point B.
Pto = SA =
pBe 3
f^s^ Qggigg fegs g^s, * w<(0 ‘ s ,
p
e 6
 l
( is>t l0 )(o.6‘io 3)  28.80 x/O &
3
firi Since Q.  26© x/o > j
J>.*lr AD yle^s. 6/0 = 2!To MRa.
6 6
"Pfco S A $V » (225x/o' )(2SOx/o' )  S&.Z£*IO~ bJ
P8t  27. 97 fT
°ee
 ~
A a

'
27. gr7x/o
^*IO
225x10“
3
_
'
/ou 2 x/x) 6 
f>
«
= Mp*
C  Peeves _ ( 27.97 xto’X/.o) _ rr> .* ...
— £2 OO ^ l&
.
(d c)a ~ Vv^
)
a
EA
r" / n
(2oo <7\T ~t~~
*ioi)(2ZS»io'*
/
SB = o.eaa^ *
. ) o
Problem 2.114 2.114 Solve Prob. 2. 11 3, knowing that a ~ 1.76 m and that the magnitude of the
force Q applied at B is gradually increased from zero to 1 35 kR
2.1 13 The rigid bar ABC is supported by two links, AD and BE, of uniform 37.5 x
6mm made of a mild steel that is assumed to be
rectangular cross section and
elastoplastic with E  200 GPa and ay 250 MPa. The magnitude of the force
Q applied at B is gradually increased from zero to 260 kR Knowing that a “
0.640 m, determine (a) the value of the normal stress in each link, ( h ) the
maximum defl ection of poi nt B.
Pfic i l
Osfo'C j l ots,  S6 ~ I.7B &
An
Q
{zPasPic
A = (37.65(6) =
a. Jy s Ts ;
2ZS ^  72S*\Q~''
p  FA c _ (2O0*/o*) C
'
Tk ^ hi ‘ 5* ^6.</7W $A
e
= (2C>. 17*lO ‘)(2.QH Q)
t  Gf.8&»/O c 0
6^ d 
^  3 /O. 6 *'/o* e
P6E 
(
yi°k tQ? ^^~ y/p'^ § 
= 45xo‘S
L
ySxlD 5 ae *= (4S*!O
(45*lO )0.7C
fc
= f^*S
Lee
6  .
l*c>
s 0)
)0*7C 9
77.2*O fe
0 6* ~ £ss “
 v /d 1
 S"ee
eE » 332
352 0
A
ojvhcs, Q.  P« e + PAD = PeE + I 500, *PAo
&
9y *4 of ikk 8 ir <S6e  Cy  25 o */o  352 * io H
Gr
c
Oy = 7 0
f . 23 */o“ '
Since Q. a 133/ to 3 /)
1
> .Pint Be yields 6gg. “ ,6*y r 2.SO HPol *"
a
A 3
PB £. = A6)
A 6V 
* )(25o */
0?25*io )(;?5o
(225>'lo' v/ 0 ‘ )  3TG.25 */o /v
Frow, Sfa^fi CS
sf*4i‘cs j
t
P^o “~
P.o L&b (Q ~
~ Pi*£^ = 52.5 */o s
\£
(3
Ad
*a
D
it

Pao
E&a
A
_
r
'
^5 /o'*
52.5 x/o
izs'xlo^
725:
3
»/ ?*
x
, . . _ ^ 33,3 */o
c
r 233 MPa
o _ s
fAim St’5
Si's df
of
1
A 0 r
gy"ggS7(F
~ 7S .T^xfO
/ v^aJ!
Se
§3 “
r 1.76.
1. 76. 0 
r /. 322
323 * lo
^
»v%
Se = 1*322 ww, 4 ^
*
Problem 2.115
*2.115 Solve Prob. 2. II 3, assuming
magnitude of the force
that the applied at Q
B is gradually increased from zero to 260 kN and
then decreased back to zero.
Knowing that a ~ 0.640 m, determine (a) the residual stress in each link, (b) the
final deflection of point B Assume that the links are braced so that they can
.
2.113 The rigid bar ABC is supported by two links, AD and BE, of uniform 37.5 x
6mm made of a mild steel that is assumed to be
rectangular cross section and
elastoplastic with E ~ 200 GPa and tfy
 250 MPa. Hie magnitude of the force
Q applied at B is gradually increased from zero to 260 kN. Knowing that a ~
0.640 m, determine (a) the value of the normal stress in each link, (b) the
maximum deflection of point B .
~ x'/o ir?
c
Cl  3n.o&*io 9'
' Ql _ 2go *to 6
e 3 I?. 06 WO 3 17.06 Wo *
 82.0.03*10
4
6ao'
* 3JO.£ WO 1 <9 (3IO.£»lo' )($Xo.os*iQ‘)
r
* 2SH.io yio “pa
4
6
6; ~ 6:ee 6« 
fc 124.3 Wo*  I OH. 46 WO* 14.34 v/O Rt
14.34 MPa
_t *
(U G2 1.33 >IO  324. 82 WO
4C. 7/ 70 “^  0.0467^^1 *»
6
Problem 2.1 1 2.116 A uniform steel rod of crosssectional area A is attached to rigid
supports and is unstressed at a temperature of 7°C. The steel is assumed
Co^re^i\/e
1
"P he "Hut
6^ r
Gr  e' = 2SZ>X{O^*r£K( 0 6 /<#
t
Proprietary Material. €) 2009 The McGrawHill Companies, Inc. Ail rights reserved No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGrawHill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.

Problem 2.117 2.117 The steel rod ABC is attached to rigid supports and is unstressed at a
temperature of 25 °C. The steel is assumed elastoplastic, with E 200 GPa and
555
250 M Pa.
The temperature of both portions of the rod is then raised to 1 50
6
A= 500 mm' A„ 300 mm 3 °C. Knowing that d ~ 1 1.7 x 10' /°C, determine (a) the stress in both portions
MA \ C \ of the rod, (£) the deflection of point C.
= Soo x/O' wT
4
l Ac =• a \so *
c
— 150 Hint  250 mm
3oo*lO o.2SO ^
Co/'S’Vvgin^'}* • Sj
” o
A B A/ ~f~o etc i a pozruM C. 8 .
r _ £JUs _ £i£@  »
Ae oUAt
1 ^

FA«. F/W
AT  lr^ A
'
Aca
c s
p ® Pr » A^gSV
<s
Af = (Sooxio'' X^5'^^/o )  7S'*7o l7
Py Lac , Lc.& \
(AT) f
L>,aFot Ace. AeG J
75" x i.o
:
Oj£c> OA£o
6 ^  ^.812.^
(0.H0o)(2ooxf£> )0L7^/o* <i fc
) \
5o<5xo' 3ooxiQ<
7S* ?Q 3  ISO
<a) x q‘ Pa. r  \SO HPcc
5oo *{o~ & S*Ac
e; e = “= "
<5V s; 0 ^2SO MPa.
PyL,
S
c/A
+ L At d(Ai )
FAac
~ —
^ ° ^ (
7( Zooxio^LSooxio*) + (0 isoXu.7*
,L
6
io~ Yias) = ,
t I
 6
$>yiC.(£. jpc> 1 ro*!" A is STccTi on £1^1 ~ ^c/A~ I 0G.^\xlD >y>
Sc 
8 v r 1 .\ ^
Problem 2.1 1 *2.118 Solve Prob. 2.117, assuming that the temperature of the rod is raised to
150 °C and then returned to 25 °C.
H= SOff.inn 2
A 300 mm*
2.117 The steel rod ABC attached to rigid supports and
MA \ £ \ temperature of 25 °C,
is
ar~ 250 MPa. The temperature of both portions of the rod is then raised to 50 1
°C. Knowing that a~ 1 1,7 x lO'V'C, determine (a) the stress in both portions
of the rod, (b) the deflection of point C
150 mm U
'•
250 mm
* Sp + S r “ o
'
De'f 
^ >'
v, A pa GciOSg
y
t k in porPuM C.(3 „
_ JALa& i
/ a~t \
L AeOC{.A
,
FA«. EAfe
)
P f Uc
At
^ .
Left
Las Fc4. V Aac
Af P = Py * AcgSV = (300x10 6
Xllfox/cf)  ISxIcfU
fV / Lac . Lea \
Laq£^DC \ Aec Ac,Q J
CoJv'o^: (AT' * 1
25° c
£U ol(ATV
+
la,. tct;
£
IZooxlp' V 0.4ooUH.7» I0* )(2S )
o,j5c? O.^go = 10 3, ^35 x UF K)
%
4brec: P«J P'Py « 1 6 3. US * It? lS*lo  28.235'x/o^U 6h^K>*A
(a'i
C<tf Pestolc/cJ? fi* 6.
6;AC. r Bts
Bch i F5 A4= * C 6 c MPct .a
A6.5
. r $00*101 (
 jxss ?%».2S5T* /P
(5
ca '
3,oo x  6£6 !
MPa. •
Aca it?
~ yF’a
^ ~
(bt ferrtaangylt gjePJ^&T ((>8 C>P po.'«p Q. § '
£>r
“ O..0M2 M *v?»w
o
Problem 2.119 *2.I19 Bar AB has a crosssectional area of 1200 mm 2 and is made of a steel that
is assumed to be elastoplastic with £ ~ 200 GPa and a Y =* 250 MPa. Knowing
that the force F increases from 0 to 520 kN and then decreases to zero, determine
^ca
~
'Btc ~ F= Soo *id “
s
=  ZZ x lo N
Q.tgo) 3
~ _ _ Peg, Lea _ » 3333 x'/o m
e
FA (2eoy 0 1 )02oo x iO" A )
~
•p ' ( kt£ + % \ = J LtG 
** K.ea
1
FA EA /
PAc —“
1
/
FU . (SSo xfo )(©'• 4Mo o.l* o)
3
O.H'tO
3 73 ./S Z^lo
3
Lfce, * L«.a
3 S ~ 3
P
r cfa
'
=
n:  f =*
37 g.m*(o ~S2o*L°  1H. . 3/3 x/o
3
_ n: _ 378 IZZ*10 r
 c
' 3/5. IS *, j <o Pa.
6"/*C.
A ( too xlO'^
•3
c ' (378. fSZ ')(o.\Zo') OJ D<?/ X\0~ W\
S>o (ZOo x C 2oo x o
( !  M
1
$ c  S' S o. *<*3333 *(o'
3
 0 molt* to* « o.l&nxio *
(o_) s, 0 *
r
.
o.
4
 £!>.* */0 fA
urn*^ ^
(b'i <5^ r  6^ = *50 x/o‘  3/S. is*
= 6S". * MPa
6™ r«
 Cfc© “ S'cg' ' 
C
l^3.^S3y/0 + N8. IS2X/0
6
r65?xO s
P*
>
  6S“.3. =*
.
*2.119 Bar AB
has a crosssectional area of 1200 and is made of a steel that mm2
is assumed be elastoplastic with E ~ 200 GPa and cry ~ 250 MPa. Knowing
to
that the force F increases from 0 to 520 kN and then decreases to zero, determine
(a) the permanent deflection of point C, (£) the residual stress in the bar.
\a  120 mm
F “ ( 2 OO M * / 2 OO / I O
e
Fo»r r C
4x> _AC "Pac A(Tr = 0?OO>'/O* “)CaS‘O>'/O ')
= 3oo x'lo
3 hi
Fo/ l}StO* p
r +p 1
ep,
_ pR
1
S
Hr* Fcb ~ "Ric " F  3oox(0  Szo y/c^
~ 
23.0 y(O z V
(^ovlo^Co.VVOo./ao) _ „ 23S333 X/O
St*  O .
w.
c
( 200 xlO ')( l?oO KfC>~
c
)
Un fod
o' PaJL
EA
Ac.
'
'H rc(j teg
fea i< (fPa^u
PC Pc. . Lea
£A
fU
fc A £ta EA
Phr *
r CSZO y ic? ^ (o. 4 4o  o. &o ) I
3
‘
O.Wo  307.2?3^/O M
Lac+ L<
3
Pea “ PJF  Zo7.7l3*lO
i>
 v /O =  3f2. 7X7 * id AJ
O. 00 X 10 * )02°° y °" i
,
i
)
o.izoyss y/o ^
3
PA c' _ 301. 2 73 * !Q
~ 2S£>.0&\ >f to* ?a
A ixoo a fOfi

I
WMv
200 X /o~
lO
c
*
_ _ \T?.273yl°"P
•
<r 3
(c0 SC p "
o<.  O.Z32333 */o  6.33 OYiTx/o  O.ooii% x to
 0.0078 g m*v,
(b')
6*
fe  2SOxlo‘ 1S(,.06! xlo" * 6.O6//0 c P*
 6.06 HPc*.
4
6Ct8   **>95.333 y/O + 117,213 XIO 4  — 6.0^ x/o
— Q.OC ptpe». —*S
*2. 121 For the composite bar of Prob. 2 J determine the residual
Problem 2.121 1 1 ,
tric axial load of magnitude P. Both steels are elastoplastic with E “ 200
GPa and with yield strengths equal to 690 MPa and 345 MPa, respectively,
for the tempered and mild steel. The load P is gradually increased from zero
until the deformation of the bar reaches a maximum value d m — 1.016 mm
;i ;i
12.5 mm and then decreased back to zero. Determine (a) the maximum value of P, (b)
355mm ,,
i
the maximum stress in the temperedsteel bars, (c) the permanent set after
the load is removed.
:
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A6"n
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s
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 P
p A P, * Pf> = 436* /o' y/o = W.
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any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGrawHill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
o
*2>122
For the composite bar in Prob. 2.111, determine the residual
Problem 2,122 stresses in the temperedsteel bars ifP is gradually increased from zero until
the deformation of the bar reaches a maximum value 8 m ™ 10 turn and is then
decreased back to zero,
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any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGrawHill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
) 1 )
Problem 2,1 23 *2.123 A narrow bar of aluminum is bonded to the side of a thick steel
Q
plate as shown. Initially, at T\•*= 2 G* all stresses are zero. Knowing that the
temperature will be slowly raised to T2 and then reduced to determine (a) the
highest temperature T2 that does not result in residual stresses, ( b the temper
ature T2 that will result in a residual stress in the aluminum equal to 400 MPa.
Assume aa — 23 X 10'“ 6
/°C for the aluminum andX as — i 1 .7 10“ 6/°C for
the steel. Further assume that the aluminum is elastoplastic, with E = 75 GPa and
ay — 400 MPa. (Hint: Neglect the small stresses in the plate.)
c yieJUtv*^
6f
4qo * to 412*0
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n
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E E «
Problem 2.1 24 2.124 The aluminum rod ABC ( » 70 GPa), which consists of two
cylindrical portions AB and BC , is to be replaced with a cylindrical steel rod
DE ( ~ 200 GPa) of the same overall length. Determine the minimum re
quired diameter d of the steel rod if its vertical deformation is not to exceed
the deformation of the aluminum rod under the same load and if the allowable
stress in the steel rod is not to exceed 165 MPa.
* PU P ( Laa + )
Am E AecE Ate.
/ 03 0. 45
C>62>3>K(o *»
•
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= &o 4)(to V
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= oU7yio *
A
A '' e
O' /6Tx/^
^
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y
®" = foyoui n?X ~  2°[ Ha
Proprietary Material. © 2009 The McGrawHill Companies, Inc. Ail rights reserved. Ho part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGrawHill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
Problem 2.127 2.127 Link BD h made of brass (E = 05 GPa) and has a crosssectional
1
area of 250 mm 2
. LinkCE is made of aluminum (E — 72 GPa) and has a cross
sectional area of 450 mm Determine the maximum force P that can be
2
.
225 nun
Use. ABC
f
<xS «L boely
150 mm
1
t>rM c = oj o , FtfD  /.55S& P
5> ZH b =o uep * o r«’D.«T6 P
"o«£jrr6)/o*
— —   ——  •
//
— ~
 2‘$>1Z1_*/0~
^ P
f 1\
£se Ace f?2)<(O^K45DXfO *)
Fi^oxa cIc'lo/'iviA i
c I . ^iU£r
 ~l0rb*\  K JO~ P
‘
§8 + ^Ag 0
* /S*3SI4Kf
*x2.n *<6^ f
o*ooo^S^
~ 1£'1P7 LN •
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22* H Mo"
Proprietary Material. © 2009 The McGrawHill Companies* Inc. AH rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced, or
any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers
distributed in
and educators permitted by McGrawHill for their individual course preparation. A student using this manual is using it without permission.
Problem 2.128 2J2S A 250mm4ong aluminum tube (E ~ 70 GPa) of 36mm outer diameter and
28mm inner diameter may be closed at both ends by means of singlethreaded
screwon covers of I .5~mm pitch With one cover screwed on tight* a solid brass
rod (E ~ 105 GPa) of 25mm diameter is placed inside the tube and the second
cover is screwed on. Since the rod is slightly longer than the tube, it is observed
that the cover must be forced against the rod by rotating it onequarter of a turn
before it can be tightly closed. Determine (o) the average normal stress in the
tube and in the rod, (b) the deformations of the tube and of the rod.
a 
= 3f (<C ~  402. 4 oz.nvio*
.. PL _ p of * lo~*' F
Lr ^j ~ (loS 6 4
A«/ *J0 X4?o.S7vjo~ j
O' 6,
~ ( "K'fn)* l»ET  0.375“ 375“ w,
 § or c _ S*
c?f«4,e
4
3.88JS“*0* F + q.8SOS*IO~
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