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# UNIVERSITI TUNKU ABDUL RAHMAN

## CENTRE FOR FOUNDATION STUDIES (PK)

ACADEMIC YEAR 2015/2016
FOUNDATION IN SCIENCE Marks: _______

## Part B: Subjective Questions

1. (a) The variables x, v, and a have the dimensions of L, L/T, and L/T2, respectively. These
variables are related by an equation that has the form vn = 2ax, where n is an integer
constant (1, 2, 3, etc.) without dimensions. What must the value of n be, so that both sides
of the equation have the same dimensions?

(b) Find the volume of a cylinder (in cubic meter) of radius 3.0 cm and height 50 mm. Give
your answer to the correct number of figures.

## 2. (a) Find the x and y-components of:

(i) a displacement of 200 km, at 30.0o.
(ii) a velocity of 40.0 km/h, at 120o; and
(iii) a force of 50.0 N at 330o.

(b) The following force vectors act on an object: i) 50.0 N at 45.0 north of east and ii) 25.0
N at 30.0 south of east. What is the magnitude of the resultant and its angle?

3. (a) A balloon is 30.0 m above the ground and is rising vertically with a uniform speed when
a coin is dropped from it. If the coin reaches the ground in 4.00 s, what is the speed of
the balloon?

(b) A rock is dropped from rest. When will its displacement be 18.0 m below the point of
release? What will its velocity be at that point?

4. Three cars, a Volvo, a Kancil and an Axia move on a straight highway at different velocities.
The Volvo is 50 m in front of the Kancil and travelling at 30 m/s. The Kancil is travelling
towards the Volvo at 10 m/s relative to the Volvo and the Axia is moving in the opposite
direction at – 70 m/s relative to the Kancil.
(a) Calculate the velocity of the Axia relative to the ground.
(b) At what rate must the Kancil decelerate so that it does not hit the Volvo along the single
lane highway? How long will that take?
(c) What is the velocity of the Volvo relative to the Axia?

5. A captain of a ship went on deck one early morning and started to walk towards the rising sun
at 1.5 m/s. The ship was moving in an ocean at the speed of 20 km/h pointing in the direction
North-East. However, it encounters an ocean current that carries it at 1.0 m/s in the south-
easterly direction. At what velocity is the captain moving relative to the ground?
This question papers consists of 5 questions on 2 printed pages
Some suggested answers:
L L2
1. (a) The dimensions of the right hand side are  L 
T2 T2
n
L
While the dimensions of the left hand side are  
T
The right side will equal the left side only when n = 2 .

## 2. (a) (i) Dx = 200 cos 30.0o = 173 km

Dy = 200 sin 30.0o = 100 km
(ii) vx = 40.0 cos 120o = -20.0 km/h
vy = 40.0 sin 120o = +34.6 km/h
(iii) Fx = 50.0 cos 330o = 43.3 N;
Fy = 50.0 sin 330o = -25.0 N

## (b) Vector x-component y-component

A 50 cos 45o 50 sin 45o
B 25 cos 30o - 25 sin 30o
R 57.0 22.9
F3  (57.0) 2  (22.9) 2  61.4 N
22.9
  tan 1  21.8
57

## 3. (a) u for the coin = v for the balloon,

For the coin, s = v0coint+ 1/2 at2 = vballoont + ½ at2
-30 = v(4) + ½(-9.80)(42)
48.4 = 4v
v = 12.1m/s

## (b) v 2  v02  2( g ) y  0  2(9.8)( 18.0)  18.8m / s

- 18.8 = 0 + (-9.8)t or t = 1.92 s.
Or
s = v0t + ½(-g)t2
(-18.0 m) = (0)(t) + ½(-9.8 m/s2)t2
t = 1.92 s
v = v0 + (-g)t = 0 + (-9.8 m/s2)(1.92 s) = -18.8 m/s

## 4. (a) v AG  v AK  vKG  v AK  vKV  vVG  70  10  30  30m / s

(b) 0 2  10 2  2a(50)  a  1m / s 2 . 0  10  (1)t  t  10s
(c) vVA  vVK  vKA  10  70  60m / s

## vCG  vCS  vSO  vOG

5.
 1.5i  (5.56 cos 45 i  5.56 sin 45 j )  (1cos 45 i - 1 cos45 j)  6.14 i  3.22 j
3.22
vCG  6.142  3.222  6.93m / s at   tan 1  27.7
6.14