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Design of Footings

GROUPING OF FOOTINGS

Type Load Location L B Footings

(kN) (Node Nos) (m) (m)

F1 2000 18, 19, 20, 21, 0.75 0.3 10

61, 62, 63, 64,

65, 66.

17, 24, 35, 45,

50, 77, 78, 79,

80, 81, 82

39, 40, 44, 49

60, 67, 68, 75,

76, 83

57

29, 30, 32, 33

36, 37, 41, 42

46, 47, 51, 52,

53, 54, 55, 56

58, 59

Total 73

Page 87

Consultancy Division, Dept of Civil Engg, GVPCOE

Design of Main Block Building at IGIAT

Design of Footings

Column Load = 2000 kN

Safe Bearing Capacity of soil = 300 kN/m2.

Grade of Concrete = M 25 and Grade of Steel = Fe 415

Axial Load from the Column 2000 kN

Add 10% extra weight for 2200 kN

weight of the footing

Required Area of the footing 2200 = 7.333 m2.

300

Provide size of the footing 3.00 x 2.50 m

Area Provided 7.50 m2.

2200 = 293.333 kN/m2.

7.5

Assume Overall depth of the Footing = 0.85 m

Assumed Cover = 0.05 m

(Assume 10mm dia bars as Tensile Reinforcement)

Effective Depth = 0.795 m

Along Shorter side of the Column:

Mu.= p x shaded area as shown in the figure x Perpendicular distance

from C.G. of shaded area to critical section X-X' 0.30

Mu.= 1.5 x 293.333 x 1.1 x 1.1

2 X

= 266.2 kN-m

Mu/bd .=

2

0.421 N/mm . 2

0.75 3.00

corresponding Mu/bd2. value

By Interpolating, Pt. = 0.119 %

Area of steel (Ast) = 946.59 mm2.

Provide 12 mm φ bars @ 112 mm c/c X'

Provided Area = 1017.36 mm2. Pt = 0.128 % 1.10

Astp > Ast req Hence OK 2.50

Page 88

Consultancy Division, Dept of Civil Engg, GVPCOE

Design of Main Block Building at IGIAT

Design of Footings

Mu.= p x shaded area as shown in the figure x Perpendicular distance 0.30

from C.G. of shaded area to critical section X-X'

Mu.= 1.5 x 293.333 x

1.125 x 1.125

2

= 278.4372 kN-m

Mu/bd2.= 0.441 N/mm2.

0.75

3.00

From Table-2 of SP-16, Refer Pt Value for X X'

corresponding Mu/bd2. Value

1.125

By Interpolating, Pt. = 0.125 %

Area of steel (Ast) = 991.04 mm2.

Provide 12 mm φ bars @ 112 mm c/c 2.50

Provided Area = 1017.36 mm2. Pt = 0.128 %

Astp > Ast req Hence OK

Along Shorter side of the column 0.3 0.795

The Critical section is taken at distance d = 0.795 m from the face

of the column as shown in the figure X

Shear Force Vu = p x shaded area

= 293.333 x 1.5 x 0.915

= 402.6 kN

0.75 3.00

Effective depth at Critical sectio = 0.553 m

Shear Stress Tv = Vu = 0.243 N/mm2.

bd

Tc = 0.271 N/mm2. Tcmax= 3.1 N/mm2. X'

(From IS: 456-2000 Table-19; refer Tc value 0.31

with respect to Pt provided) 2.50

Tc > Tv Hence the section is safe against one-way shear

The Critical section is taken at distance d = 0.795 m from the face

of the column as shown in the figure

Shear Force Vu = p x shaded area

= 293.333 x 1.5 x 0.825

= 362.9996 kN

0.75

3.00

0.795

bd X X'

Tc = 0.271 N/mm . 2

Tcmax= 3.1 N/mm 2 0.33

(From IS: 456-2000 Table-19; refer Tc value

Tc > Tv Hence the section is safe against one-way shear 2.50

Page 89

Consultancy Division, Dept of Civil Engg, GVPCOE

Design of Main Block Building at IGIAT

Design of Footings

The critical section is taken at distance d/2 = 0.3975 m

from the face of the column as shown in the figure.

Effective depth at Critical sectio = 0.684 m 1.10

Length of critical section(bo)= 2 x 1.545 + 2 x 1.095

= 5.28 m

Shear force Vu = 1.5 x p x shaded area

= 439.9995 x 5.808 = 2555.5 kN

d d 3.00

1.545

Shear stress Tv = Vu = 0.708 N/mm2. 2 2

bod

Design Shear stress:

Tc = Ks x Tcc

where Ks = 0.5 + B/L of the column ( ≤ 1.0 always)

= 0.5 + 0.3 = 0.9 2.50

0.75

Tcc = 0.25 √ Fck

= 1.25 N/mm2.

Tc>Tv Hence the section is safe against Two-way shear

Development of Reinforcement

σsφ

Ld = = 0.87 x 415 φ = 56.4 φ

4 τ bd 4 x 1.6 x 1.4

where 1.6 is the factor due to deformed bars

Along Shorter side of the column

= 56.4 x 12 = 676.8 mm

Along Longer side of the column

= 56.4 x 12 = 676.8 mm

Page 90

Consultancy Division, Dept of Civil Engg, GVPCOE

Design of Main Block Building at IGIAT

Design of Footings

Column Load = 1600 kN

Safe Bearing Capacity of soil = 300 kN/m2.

Grade of Concrete = M 25 and Grade of Steel = Fe 415

Axial Load from the Column 1600 kN

Add 10% extra weight for 1760 kN

weight of the footing

Required Area of the footing 1760 = 5.867 m2.

300

Provide size of the footing 2.70 x 2.20 m

Area Provided 5.94 m2.

1760 = 296.296 kN/m2.

5.94

Assume Overall depth of the Footing = 0.75 m

Assumed Cover = 0.05 m

(Assume 10mm dia bars as Tensile Reinforcement)

Effective Depth = 0.695 m

Along Shorter side of the Column:

Mu.= p x shaded area as shown in the figure x Perpendicular distance

from C.G. of shaded area to critical section X-X' 0.30

Mu.= 1.5 x 296.296 x 0.95 x 0.95

2 X

= 200.555 kN-m

Mu/bd .=

2

0.415 N/mm2.

From Table-2 of SP-16, Refer Pt Value for

0.75 2.70

corresponding Mu/bd2. value

By Interpolating, Pt. = 0.117 %

Area of steel (Ast) = 815.53 mm2.

Provide 12 mm φ bars @ 126 mm c/c X'

Provided Area = 904.32 mm2. Pt = 0.13 % 0.95

Astp > Ast req Hence OK 2.20

Page 91

Consultancy Division, Dept of Civil Engg, GVPCOE

Design of Main Block Building at IGIAT

Design of Footings

Mu.= p x shaded area as shown in the figure x Perpendicular distance 0.30

from C.G. of shaded area to critical section X-X'

Mu.= 1.5 x 296.296 x

0.975 x 0.975

2

= 211.2498 kN-m

Mu/bd2.= 0.437 N/mm2.

0.75

2.70

From Table-2 of SP-16, Refer Pt Value for X X'

corresponding Mu/bd2. Value

0.975

By Interpolating, Pt. = 0.124 %

Area of steel (Ast) = 859.95 mm2.

Provide 12 mm φ bars @ 126 mm c/c 2.20

Provided Area = 904.32 mm2. Pt = 0.13 %

Astp > Ast req Hence OK

Along Shorter side of the column 0.3 0.695

The Critical section is taken at distance d = 0.695 m from the face

of the column as shown in the figure X

Shear Force Vu = p x shaded area

= 296.296 x 1.5 x 0.689

= 306.222 kN

0.75 2.70

Effective depth at Critical sectio = 0.485 m

Shear Stress Tv = Vu = 0.234 N/mm2.

bd

Tc = 0.273 N/mm2. Tcmax= 3.1 N/mm2. X'

(From IS: 456-2000 Table-19; refer Tc value 0.26

with respect to Pt provided) 2.20

Tc > Tv Hence the section is safe against one-way shear

The Critical section is taken at distance d = 0.695 m from the face

of the column as shown in the figure

Shear Force Vu = p x shaded area

= 296.296 x 1.5 x 0.616

= 273.7775 kN

0.75

2.70

Shear Stress Tv = Vu = 0.257 N/mm2.

bd

0.695

Tc = 0.273 N/mm2. Tcmax= 3.1 N/mm2 X X'

(From IS: 456-2000 Table-19; refer Tc value 0.28

with respect to Pt provided)

Tc > Tv Hence the section is safe against one-way shear 2.20

Page 92

Consultancy Division, Dept of Civil Engg, GVPCOE

Design of Main Block Building at IGIAT

Design of Footings

The critical section is taken at distance d/2 = 0.3475 m

from the face of the column as shown in the figure.

Effective depth at Critical sectio = 0.6 m 1.00

Length of critical section(bo)= 2 x 1.445 + 2 x 0.995

= 4.88 m

Shear force Vu = 1.5 x p x shaded area

= 444.444 x 4.502 = 2000.9 kN

d d 2.70

1.445

Shear stress Tv = Vu = 0.683 N/mm2. 2 2

bod

Design Shear stress:

Tc = Ks x Tcc

where Ks = 0.5 + B/L of the column ( ≤ 1.0 always)

= 0.5 + 0.3 = 0.9 2.20

0.75

Tcc = 0.25 √ Fck

= 1.25 N/mm2.

Tc>Tv Hence the section is safe against Two-way shear

Development of Reinforcement

σsφ

Ld = = 0.87 x 415 φ = 56.4 φ

4 τ bd 4 x 1.6 x 1.4

where 1.6 is the factor due to deformed bars

Along Shorter side of the column

= 56.4 x 12 = 676.8 mm

Along Longer side of the column

= 56.4 x 12 = 676.8 mm

Page 93

Consultancy Division, Dept of Civil Engg, GVPCOE

Design of Main Block Building at IGIAT

Design of Footings

Column Load = 1200 kN

Safe Bearing Capacity of soil = 300 kN/m2.

Grade of Concrete = M 25 and Grade of Steel = Fe 415

Axial Load from the Column 1200 kN

Add 10% extra weight for 1320 kN

weight of the footing

Required Area of the footing 1320 = 4.4 m2.

300

Provide size of the footing 2.10 x 2.10 m

Area Provided 4.41 m2.

1320 = 299.32 kN/m2.

4.41

Assume Overall depth of the Footing = 0.7 m

Assumed Cover = 0.05 m

(Assume 10mm dia bars as Tensile Reinforcement)

Effective Depth = 0.645 m

Along Shorter side of the Column:

Mu.= p x shaded area as shown in the figure x Perpendicular distance

from C.G. of shaded area to critical section X-X' 0.30

Mu.= 1.5 x 299.32 x 0.9 x 0.9

2 X

= 181.837 kN-m

Mu/bd .=

2

0.437 N/mm2.

0.75

2.10

From Table-2 of SP-16, Refer Pt Value for

corresponding Mu/bd2. value

By Interpolating, Pt. = 0.124 % X'

Area of steel (Ast) = 797.59 mm2. 0.90

Provide 12 mm φ bars @ 126 mm c/c 2.10

Provided Area = 904.32 mm . 2

Pt = 0.14 %

Astp > Ast req Hence OK

Page 94

Consultancy Division, Dept of Civil Engg, GVPCOE

Design of Main Block Building at IGIAT

Design of Footings

Mu.= p x shaded area as shown in the figure x Perpendicular distance 0.30

from C.G. of shaded area to critical section X-X'

Mu.= 1.5 x 299.32 x

0.675 x 0.675

2

= 102.2833 kN-m

0.75

2.10

Mu/bd2.= 0.246 N/mm2. X X'

From Table-2 of SP-16, Refer Pt Value for 0.675

corresponding Mu/bd2. Value

By Interpolating, Pt. = 0.069 % 2.10

Area of steel (Ast) = 444.52 mm . 2

Provided Area = 471 mm2. Pt = 0.073 %

Astp > Ast req Hence OK

Along Shorter side of the column

The Critical section is taken at distance d = 0.645 m from the face 0.30

of the column as shown in the figure

Shear Force Vu = p x shaded area X

= 299.32 x 1.5 x 0.536

= 240.653 kN d

0.75

2.10

Effective depth at Critical sectio = 0.452 m

Shear Stress Tv = Vu = 0.254 N/mm2.

bd X'

Tc = 0.282 N/mm . 2

Tcmax= 3.1 N/mm . 2

0.26

(From IS: 456-2000 Table-19; refer Tc value 2.10

with respect to Pt provided)

Tc > Tv Hence the section is safe against one-way shear

The Critical section is taken at distance d = 0.645 m from the face

of the column as shown in the figure

Shear Force Vu = p x shaded area

= 299.32 x 1.5 x 0.063

0.75

2.10

= 28.28574 kN

Shear Stress Tv = Vu = 0.03 N/mm2. X d X'

0.03

bd 2.1

Tc = 0.209 N/mm2. Tcmax= 3.1 N/mm2. 2.10

(From IS: 456-2000 Table-19; refer Tc value

with respect to Pt provided)

Tc > Tv Hence the section is safe against one-way shear

Page 95

Consultancy Division, Dept of Civil Engg, GVPCOE

Design of Main Block Building at IGIAT

Design of Footings

The critical section is taken at distance d/2 = 0.3225 m

from the face of the column as shown in the figure.

Effective depth at Critical sectio = 0.558 m

Length of critical section(bo)= 2 x 1.395 + 2 x 0.945 0.30

= 4.68 m

Shear force Vu = 1.5 x p x shaded area

= 448.98 x 3.092 = 1388.2 kN

Shear stress Tv = Vu = 0.532 N/mm2.

0.75

2.10

bod

Design Shear stress:

Tc = Ks x Tcc 0.9

where Ks = 0.5 + B/L of the column 2.10

= 0.5 + 0.3 = 0.9 ( ≤ 1.0 always)

0.75

Tcc = 0.25 √ Fck

= 1.25 N/mm2.

Tc>Tv Hence the section is safe against Two-way shear

Development of Reinforcement

σsφ

Ld = = 0.87 x 415 φ = 56.4 φ

4 τ bd 4 x 1.6 x 1.4

where 1.6 is the factor due to deformed bars

Along Shorter side of the column

= 56.4 x 12 = 676.8 mm

Along Longer side of the column

= 56.4 x 10 = 564 mm

Page 96

Consultancy Division, Dept of Civil Engg, GVPCOE

Design of Main Block Building at IGIAT

Design of Footings

Column Load = 900 kN

Safe Bearing Capacity of soil = 300 kN/m2.

Grade of Concrete = M 25 and Grade of Steel = Fe 415

Axial Load from the Column 900 kN

Add 10% extra weight for 990 kN

weight of the footing

Required Area of the footing 990 = 3.3 m2.

300

Provide size of the footing 1.85 x 1.85 m

Area Provided 3.42 m2.

990 = 289.22 kN/m2.

3.423

Assume Overall depth of the Footing = 0.6 m

Assumed Cover = 0.05 m

(Assume 10mm dia bars as Tensile Reinforcement)

Effective Depth = 0.545 m

Along Shorter side of the Column:

Mu.= p x shaded area as shown in the figure x Perpendicular distance

from C.G. of shaded area to critical section X-X' 0.30

Mu.= 1.5 x 289.22 x 0.775 x 0.775

2 X

= 130.285 kN-m

Mu/bd .=

2

0.439 N/mm2.

0.75

1.85

From Table-2 of SP-16, Refer Pt Value for

corresponding Mu/bd2. value

By Interpolating, Pt. = 0.124 % X'

Area of steel (Ast) = 676.38 mm2. 0.78

Provide 10 mm φ bars @ 112 mm c/c 1.85

Provided Area = 706.5 mm . 2

Pt = 0.13 %

Astp > Ast req Hence OK

Page 97

Consultancy Division, Dept of Civil Engg, GVPCOE

Design of Main Block Building at IGIAT

Design of Footings

Mu.= p x shaded area as shown in the figure x Perpendicular distance 0.30

from C.G. of shaded area to critical section X-X'

Mu.= 1.5 x 289.22 x 0.55 x 0.55

2

= 65.61679 kN-m

0.75

1.85

Mu/bd2.= 0.221 N/mm2. X X'

From Table-2 of SP-16, Refer Pt Value for 0.550

corresponding Mu/bd2. Value

By Interpolating, Pt. = 0.062 % 1.85

Area of steel (Ast) = 337.09 mm . 2

Provided Area = 351.68 mm2. Pt = 0.065 %

Astp > Ast req Hence OK

Along Shorter side of the column

The Critical section is taken at distance d = 0.545 m from the face 0.30

of the column as shown in the figure

Shear Force Vu = p x shaded area X

= 289.22 x 1.5 x 0.426

= 184.812 kN d

0.75

1.85

Shear Stress Tv = Vu = 0.26 N/mm . 2

bd

Tc = 0.273 N/mm2. Tcmax= 3.1 N/mm2. X'

(From IS: 456-2000 Table-19; refer Tc value 0.23

with respect to Pt provided) 1.85

Tc > Tv Hence the section is safe against one-way shear

The Critical section is taken at distance d = 0.545 m from the face

of the column as shown in the figure

Shear Force Vu = p x shaded area

= 289.22 x 1.5 x 0.009

0.75

1.85

= 3.90447 kN

Effective depth at Critical sectio = 0.384 m X d X'

0.01

Shear Stress Tv = Vu = 0.005 N/mm2. 1.85

bd N/mm2. 1.85

Tc = 0.198 N/mm2. Tcmax= 3.1

(From IS: 456-2000 Table-19; refer Tc value

with respect to Pt provided)

Tc > Tv Hence the section is safe against one-way shear

Page 98

Consultancy Division, Dept of Civil Engg, GVPCOE

Design of Main Block Building at IGIAT

Design of Footings

The critical section is taken at distance d/2 = 0.2725 m

from the face of the column as shown in the figure.

Effective depth at Critical sectio = 0.474 m

Length of critical section(bo)= 2 x 1.295 + 2 x 0.845 0.30

= 4.28 m

Shear force Vu = 1.5 x p x shaded area

= 433.83 x 2.328 = 1010 kN

Shear stress Tv = Vu = 0.498 N/mm2.

0.75

1.85

bod

Design Shear stress:

Tc = Ks x Tcc 0.775

where Ks = 0.5 + B/L of the column 1.85

= 0.5 + 0.3 = 0.9 ( ≤ 1.0 always)

0.75

Tcc = 0.25 √ Fck

= 1.25 N/mm2.

Tc>Tv Hence the section is safe against Two-way shear

Development of Reinforcement

σsφ

Ld = = 0.87 x 415 φ = 56.4 φ

4 τ bd 4 x 1.6 x 1.4

where 1.6 is the factor due to deformed bars

Along Shorter side of the column

= 56.4 x 10 = 564 mm

Along Longer side of the column

= 56.4 x 8 = 451.2 mm

Page 99

Consultancy Division, Dept of Civil Engg, GVPCOE

Design of Main Block Building at IGIAT

Design of Footings

Column Load = 500 kN

Safe Bearing Capacity of soil = 300 kN/m2.

Grade of Concrete = M 25 and Grade of Steel = Fe 415

Axial Load from the Column 500 kN

Add 10% extra weight for 550 kN

weight of the footing

Required Area of the footing 550 = 1.833 m2.

300

Provide size of the footing 1.40 x 1.40 m

Area Provided 1.96 m2.

1.96

Assume Overall depth of the Footing = 0.45 m

Assumed Cover = 0.05 m

(Assume 10mm dia bars as Tensile Reinforcement)

Effective Depth = 0.395 m

Along Shorter side of the Column:

Mu.= p x shaded area as shown in the figure x Perpendicular distance

from C.G. of shaded area to critical section X-X' 0.23

Mu.= 1.5 x 280.612 x 0.585 x 0.585

2 X

= 72.024 kN-m

Mu/bd .=

2

0.462 N/mm2.

0.30

1.40

From Table-2 of SP-16, Refer Pt Value for

corresponding Mu/bd2. value

By Interpolating, Pt. = 0.131 % X'

Area of steel (Ast) = 516.49 mm2. 0.59

Provide 10 mm φ bars @ 143 mm c/c 1.40

Provided Area = 549.5 mm . 2

Pt = 0.139 %

Astp > Ast req Hence OK

Page 100

Consultancy Division, Dept of Civil Engg, GVPCOE

Design of Main Block Building at IGIAT

Design of Footings

Mu.= p x shaded area as shown in the figure x Perpendicular distance 0.23

from C.G. of shaded area to critical section X-X'

Mu.= 1.5 x 280.612 x 0.55 x 0.55

2

= 63.66385 kN-m

0.30

1.40

Mu/bd2.= 0.408 N/mm2. X X'

From Table-2 of SP-16, Refer Pt Value for 0.550

corresponding Mu/bd2. Value

By Interpolating, Pt. = 0.115 % 1.40

Area of steel (Ast) = 455.34 mm . 2

Provided Area = 471 mm2. Pt = 0.119 %

Astp > Ast req Hence OK

Along Shorter side of the column

The Critical section is taken at distance d = 0.395 m from the face 0.23

of the column as shown in the figure

Shear Force Vu = p x shaded area X

= 280.612 x 1.5 x 0.266

= 111.964 kN d

0.30

1.40

Effective depth at Critical sectio = 0.285 m

Shear Stress Tv = Vu = 0.281 N/mm2.

bd N/mm2. X'

Tc = 0.281 N/mm2. Tcmax= 3.1 0.19

(From IS: 456-2000 Table-19; refer Tc value 1.40

with respect to Pt provided)

Tc > Tv Hence the section is safe against one-way shear

The Critical section is taken at distance d = 0.395 m from the face

of the column as shown in the figure

Shear Force Vu = p x shaded area

= 280.612 x 1.5 x 0.217

0.30

1.40

= 91.33921 kN

Shear Stress Tv = Vu = 0.229 N/mm2. X d X'

0.16

bd 1.4

Tc = 0.262 N/mm2. Tcmax= 3.1 N/mm2. 1.40

(From IS: 456-2000 Table-19; refer Tc value

with respect to Pt provided)

Tc > Tv Hence the section is safe against one-way shear

Page 101

Consultancy Division, Dept of Civil Engg, GVPCOE

Design of Main Block Building at IGIAT

Design of Footings

The critical section is taken at distance d/2 = 0.1975 m

from the face of the column as shown in the figure.

Effective depth at Critical sectio = 0.348 m

Length of critical section(bo)= 2 x 0.695 + 2 x 0.625 0.23

= 2.64 m

Shear force Vu = 1.5 x p x shaded area

= 420.918 x 1.526 = 642.32 kN

Shear stress Tv = Vu = 0.699 N/mm2.

0.30

1.40

bod

Design Shear stress:

Tc = Ks x Tcc 0.585

where Ks = 0.5 + B/L of the column 1.40

= 0.5 + 0.23 = 1.267 ( ≤ 1.0 always)

0.3

Tcc = 0.25 √ Fck

= 1.25 N/mm2.

Tc>Tv Hence the section is safe against Two-way shear

Development of Reinforcement

4 τ bd 4 x 1.6 x 1.4

where 1.6 is the factor due to deformed bars

Along Shorter side of the column

= 56.4 x 10 = 564 mm

Along Longer side of the column

= 56.4 x 10 = 564 mm

Page 102

Consultancy Division, Dept of Civil Engg, GVPCOE

Design of Main Block Building at IGIAT

Design of Footings

Column Load = 500 kN

Safe Bearing Capacity of soil = 300 kN/m2.

Grade of Concrete = M 25 and Grade of Steel = Fe 415

Axial Load from the Column 500 kN

Add 10% extra weight for 550 kN

weight of the footing

Required Area of the footing 550 = 1.833 m2.

300

Provide size of the footing 1.40 x 1.40 m

Area Provided 1.96 m2.

1.96

Assume Overall depth of the Footing = 0.45 m

Assumed Cover = 0.05 m

(Assume 10mm dia bars as Tensile Reinforcement)

Effective Depth = 0.395 m

Mu.= p x shaded area as shown in the figure x Perpendicular distance

from C.G. of shaded area to critical section X-X' 0.30

Mu.= 1.5 x 280.612 x 0.55 x 0.55

2 X

= 63.664 kN-m

Mu/bd .=

2

0.408 N/mm2.

1.40

From Table-2 of SP-16, Refer Pt Value for

corresponding Mu/bd2. value

By Interpolating, Pt. = 0.115 % X'

Area of steel (Ast) = 455.34 mm2. 0.55

Provide 10 mm φ bars @ 167 mm c/c 1.40

Provided Area = 471 mm . 2

Pt = 0.119 %

Astp > Ast req Hence OK

Page 103

Consultancy Division, Dept of Civil Engg, GVPCOE

Design of Main Block Building at IGIAT

Design of Footings

The Critical section is taken at distance d = 0.395 m from the face 0.30

of the column as shown in the figure

Shear Force Vu = p x shaded area X

= 280.612 x 1.5 x 0.217

= 91.339 kN d

1.40

Effective depth at Critical sectio = 0.283 m

Shear Stress Tv = Vu = 0.231 N/mm2.

bd N/mm2. X'

Tc = 0.262 N/mm2. Tcmax= 3.1 0.16

(From IS: 456-2000 Table-19; refer Tc value 1.40

with respect to Pt provided)

Tc > Tv Hence the section is safe against one-way shear

The critical section is taken at distance d/2 = 0.1975 m

from the face of the column as shown in the figure.

Effective depth at Critical sectio = 0.348 m

Length of critical section(bo) = π x 0.695 0.30

= 2.182 m

Shear force Vu = 1.5 x p x shaded area

= 420.918 x 1.581 = 665.47 kN

Shear stress Tv = Vu = 0.876 N/mm2. d

0.695

1.40

bod

Design Shear stress:

Tc = Ks x Tcc 0.55

where Ks = 0.5 + B/L of the column 1.40

= 0.5 + 0.3 = 1.5 ( ≤ 1.0 always)

0.3

Tcc = 0.25 √ Fck

= 1.25 N/mm2.

Tc>Tv Hence the section is safe against Two-way shear

Development of Reinforcement

Development length is given by

4 τ bd 4 x 1.6 x 1.4

Development Length

= 56.4 x 10 = 564 mm

Page 104

Consultancy Division, Dept of Civil Engg, GVPCOE

Design of Main Block Building at IGIAT

Design of Footings

SCHDULE OF FOOTINGS

TYPE L B Overall At End L B

Longer side Shorter side

m m D (m) d (m) m m

F1 3.00 2.50 0.85 0.5 0.75 0.3 12 mm φ @ 100 mm c/c 12 mm φ @ 100 mm c/c

F2 2.70 2.20 0.75 0.45 0.75 0.3 12 mm φ @ 115 mm c/c 12 mm φ @ 115 mm c/c

F3 2.10 2.10 0.7 0.5 0.75 0.3 12 mm φ @ 115 mm c/c 10 mm φ @ 150 mm c/c

F4 1.85 1.85 0.6 0.4 0.75 0.3 10 mm φ @ 100 mm c/c 8 mm φ @ 140 mm c/c

F5 1.40 1.40 0.45 0.3 0.3 0.23 10 mm φ @ 140 mm c/c 10 mm φ @ 150 mm c/c

F6 1.40 1.40 0.45 0.3 Circular 0.3m φ 10 mm φ @ 150 mm c/c 10 mm φ @ 150 mm c/c

Page 105

Consultancy Division, Dept of Civil Engg, GVPCOE

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