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# Design of Main Block Building at IGIAT

Design of Footings

GROUPING OF FOOTINGS

## Footing Column Footing Column Size No of

Type Load Location L B Footings
(kN) (Node Nos) (m) (m)
F1 2000 18, 19, 20, 21, 0.75 0.3 10
61, 62, 63, 64,
65, 66.

17, 24, 35, 45,
50, 77, 78, 79,
80, 81, 82

39, 40, 44, 49

60, 67, 68, 75,
76, 83

57

## F6 500 25, 26, 27, 28 Circular 0.3m dia 22

29, 30, 32, 33
36, 37, 41, 42
46, 47, 51, 52,
53, 54, 55, 56
58, 59

Total 73

Page 87
Consultancy Division, Dept of Civil Engg, GVPCOE
Design of Main Block Building at IGIAT
Design of Footings

## Size of the column = 0.75 x 0.3 m

Column Load = 2000 kN
Safe Bearing Capacity of soil = 300 kN/m2.
Grade of Concrete = M 25 and Grade of Steel = Fe 415

## Size of the Footing:

Axial Load from the Column 2000 kN
Add 10% extra weight for 2200 kN
weight of the footing
Required Area of the footing 2200 = 7.333 m2.
300
Provide size of the footing 3.00 x 2.50 m
Area Provided 7.50 m2.

## Net upward Pressure acting =

2200 = 293.333 kN/m2.
7.5
Assume Overall depth of the Footing = 0.85 m
Assumed Cover = 0.05 m
(Assume 10mm dia bars as Tensile Reinforcement)
Effective Depth = 0.795 m

## Calculation of Maximum Bending Moment:

Along Shorter side of the Column:
Mu.= p x shaded area as shown in the figure x Perpendicular distance
from C.G. of shaded area to critical section X-X' 0.30
Mu.= 1.5 x 293.333 x 1.1 x 1.1
2 X
= 266.2 kN-m
Mu/bd .=
2
0.421 N/mm . 2

## From Table-2 of SP-16, Refer Pt Value for

0.75 3.00
corresponding Mu/bd2. value
By Interpolating, Pt. = 0.119 %
Area of steel (Ast) = 946.59 mm2.
Provide 12 mm φ bars @ 112 mm c/c X'
Provided Area = 1017.36 mm2. Pt = 0.128 % 1.10
Astp > Ast req Hence OK 2.50

Page 88
Consultancy Division, Dept of Civil Engg, GVPCOE
Design of Main Block Building at IGIAT
Design of Footings

## Along Longer side of the Column:

Mu.= p x shaded area as shown in the figure x Perpendicular distance 0.30
from C.G. of shaded area to critical section X-X'
Mu.= 1.5 x 293.333 x
1.125 x 1.125
2
= 278.4372 kN-m
Mu/bd2.= 0.441 N/mm2.

0.75
3.00
From Table-2 of SP-16, Refer Pt Value for X X'
corresponding Mu/bd2. Value

1.125
By Interpolating, Pt. = 0.125 %
Area of steel (Ast) = 991.04 mm2.
Provide 12 mm φ bars @ 112 mm c/c 2.50
Provided Area = 1017.36 mm2. Pt = 0.128 %
Astp > Ast req Hence OK

## Check for One-Way shear

Along Shorter side of the column 0.3 0.795
The Critical section is taken at distance d = 0.795 m from the face
of the column as shown in the figure X
Shear Force Vu = p x shaded area
= 293.333 x 1.5 x 0.915
= 402.6 kN
0.75 3.00
Effective depth at Critical sectio = 0.553 m
Shear Stress Tv = Vu = 0.243 N/mm2.
bd
Tc = 0.271 N/mm2. Tcmax= 3.1 N/mm2. X'
(From IS: 456-2000 Table-19; refer Tc value 0.31
with respect to Pt provided) 2.50
Tc > Tv Hence the section is safe against one-way shear

## Along Longer side of the column 0.30

The Critical section is taken at distance d = 0.795 m from the face
of the column as shown in the figure
Shear Force Vu = p x shaded area
= 293.333 x 1.5 x 0.825
= 362.9996 kN
0.75

3.00

## Shear Stress Tv = Vu = 0.263 N/mm2.

0.795
bd X X'
Tc = 0.271 N/mm . 2
Tcmax= 3.1 N/mm 2 0.33
(From IS: 456-2000 Table-19; refer Tc value
Tc > Tv Hence the section is safe against one-way shear 2.50

Page 89
Consultancy Division, Dept of Civil Engg, GVPCOE
Design of Main Block Building at IGIAT
Design of Footings

## Check for Two-way shear:

The critical section is taken at distance d/2 = 0.3975 m
from the face of the column as shown in the figure.
Effective depth at Critical sectio = 0.684 m 1.10
Length of critical section(bo)= 2 x 1.545 + 2 x 1.095
= 5.28 m
Shear force Vu = 1.5 x p x shaded area
= 439.9995 x 5.808 = 2555.5 kN
d d 3.00

1.545
Shear stress Tv = Vu = 0.708 N/mm2. 2 2
bod
Design Shear stress:
Tc = Ks x Tcc
where Ks = 0.5 + B/L of the column ( ≤ 1.0 always)
= 0.5 + 0.3 = 0.9 2.50
0.75
Tcc = 0.25 √ Fck
= 1.25 N/mm2.

## Tc = 0.9 x 1.25 = 1.125 N/mm2.

Tc>Tv Hence the section is safe against Two-way shear

Development of Reinforcement

## Development length is given by

σsφ
Ld = = 0.87 x 415 φ = 56.4 φ
4 τ bd 4 x 1.6 x 1.4
where 1.6 is the factor due to deformed bars
Along Shorter side of the column
= 56.4 x 12 = 676.8 mm
Along Longer side of the column
= 56.4 x 12 = 676.8 mm

Page 90
Consultancy Division, Dept of Civil Engg, GVPCOE
Design of Main Block Building at IGIAT
Design of Footings

## Size of the column = 0.75 x 0.3 m

Column Load = 1600 kN
Safe Bearing Capacity of soil = 300 kN/m2.
Grade of Concrete = M 25 and Grade of Steel = Fe 415

## Size of the Footing:

Axial Load from the Column 1600 kN
Add 10% extra weight for 1760 kN
weight of the footing
Required Area of the footing 1760 = 5.867 m2.
300
Provide size of the footing 2.70 x 2.20 m
Area Provided 5.94 m2.

## Net upward Pressure acting =

1760 = 296.296 kN/m2.
5.94
Assume Overall depth of the Footing = 0.75 m
Assumed Cover = 0.05 m
(Assume 10mm dia bars as Tensile Reinforcement)
Effective Depth = 0.695 m

## Calculation of Maximum Bending Moment:

Along Shorter side of the Column:
Mu.= p x shaded area as shown in the figure x Perpendicular distance
from C.G. of shaded area to critical section X-X' 0.30
Mu.= 1.5 x 296.296 x 0.95 x 0.95
2 X
= 200.555 kN-m
Mu/bd .=
2
0.415 N/mm2.
From Table-2 of SP-16, Refer Pt Value for
0.75 2.70
corresponding Mu/bd2. value
By Interpolating, Pt. = 0.117 %
Area of steel (Ast) = 815.53 mm2.
Provide 12 mm φ bars @ 126 mm c/c X'
Provided Area = 904.32 mm2. Pt = 0.13 % 0.95
Astp > Ast req Hence OK 2.20

Page 91
Consultancy Division, Dept of Civil Engg, GVPCOE
Design of Main Block Building at IGIAT
Design of Footings

## Along Longer side of the Column:

Mu.= p x shaded area as shown in the figure x Perpendicular distance 0.30
from C.G. of shaded area to critical section X-X'
Mu.= 1.5 x 296.296 x
0.975 x 0.975
2
= 211.2498 kN-m
Mu/bd2.= 0.437 N/mm2.

0.75
2.70
From Table-2 of SP-16, Refer Pt Value for X X'
corresponding Mu/bd2. Value

0.975
By Interpolating, Pt. = 0.124 %
Area of steel (Ast) = 859.95 mm2.
Provide 12 mm φ bars @ 126 mm c/c 2.20
Provided Area = 904.32 mm2. Pt = 0.13 %
Astp > Ast req Hence OK

## Check for One-Way shear

Along Shorter side of the column 0.3 0.695
The Critical section is taken at distance d = 0.695 m from the face
of the column as shown in the figure X
Shear Force Vu = p x shaded area
= 296.296 x 1.5 x 0.689
= 306.222 kN
0.75 2.70
Effective depth at Critical sectio = 0.485 m
Shear Stress Tv = Vu = 0.234 N/mm2.
bd
Tc = 0.273 N/mm2. Tcmax= 3.1 N/mm2. X'
(From IS: 456-2000 Table-19; refer Tc value 0.26
with respect to Pt provided) 2.20
Tc > Tv Hence the section is safe against one-way shear

## Along Longer side of the column 0.30

The Critical section is taken at distance d = 0.695 m from the face
of the column as shown in the figure
Shear Force Vu = p x shaded area
= 296.296 x 1.5 x 0.616
= 273.7775 kN
0.75

2.70
Shear Stress Tv = Vu = 0.257 N/mm2.
bd
0.695
Tc = 0.273 N/mm2. Tcmax= 3.1 N/mm2 X X'
(From IS: 456-2000 Table-19; refer Tc value 0.28
with respect to Pt provided)
Tc > Tv Hence the section is safe against one-way shear 2.20

Page 92
Consultancy Division, Dept of Civil Engg, GVPCOE
Design of Main Block Building at IGIAT
Design of Footings

## Check for Two-way shear:

The critical section is taken at distance d/2 = 0.3475 m
from the face of the column as shown in the figure.
Effective depth at Critical sectio = 0.6 m 1.00
Length of critical section(bo)= 2 x 1.445 + 2 x 0.995
= 4.88 m
Shear force Vu = 1.5 x p x shaded area
= 444.444 x 4.502 = 2000.9 kN
d d 2.70

1.445
Shear stress Tv = Vu = 0.683 N/mm2. 2 2
bod
Design Shear stress:
Tc = Ks x Tcc
where Ks = 0.5 + B/L of the column ( ≤ 1.0 always)
= 0.5 + 0.3 = 0.9 2.20
0.75
Tcc = 0.25 √ Fck
= 1.25 N/mm2.

## Tc = 0.9 x 1.25 = 1.125 N/mm2.

Tc>Tv Hence the section is safe against Two-way shear

Development of Reinforcement

## Development length is given by

σsφ
Ld = = 0.87 x 415 φ = 56.4 φ
4 τ bd 4 x 1.6 x 1.4
where 1.6 is the factor due to deformed bars
Along Shorter side of the column
= 56.4 x 12 = 676.8 mm
Along Longer side of the column
= 56.4 x 12 = 676.8 mm

Page 93
Consultancy Division, Dept of Civil Engg, GVPCOE
Design of Main Block Building at IGIAT
Design of Footings

## Size of the column = 0.75 x 0.3 m

Column Load = 1200 kN
Safe Bearing Capacity of soil = 300 kN/m2.
Grade of Concrete = M 25 and Grade of Steel = Fe 415

## Size of the Footing:

Axial Load from the Column 1200 kN
Add 10% extra weight for 1320 kN
weight of the footing
Required Area of the footing 1320 = 4.4 m2.
300
Provide size of the footing 2.10 x 2.10 m
Area Provided 4.41 m2.

## Net upward Pressure acting =

1320 = 299.32 kN/m2.
4.41
Assume Overall depth of the Footing = 0.7 m
Assumed Cover = 0.05 m
(Assume 10mm dia bars as Tensile Reinforcement)
Effective Depth = 0.645 m

## Calculation of Maximum Bending Moment:

Along Shorter side of the Column:
Mu.= p x shaded area as shown in the figure x Perpendicular distance
from C.G. of shaded area to critical section X-X' 0.30
Mu.= 1.5 x 299.32 x 0.9 x 0.9
2 X
= 181.837 kN-m
Mu/bd .=
2
0.437 N/mm2.
0.75

2.10
From Table-2 of SP-16, Refer Pt Value for
corresponding Mu/bd2. value
By Interpolating, Pt. = 0.124 % X'
Area of steel (Ast) = 797.59 mm2. 0.90
Provide 12 mm φ bars @ 126 mm c/c 2.10
Provided Area = 904.32 mm . 2
Pt = 0.14 %
Astp > Ast req Hence OK

Page 94
Consultancy Division, Dept of Civil Engg, GVPCOE
Design of Main Block Building at IGIAT
Design of Footings

## Along Longer side of the Column:

Mu.= p x shaded area as shown in the figure x Perpendicular distance 0.30
from C.G. of shaded area to critical section X-X'
Mu.= 1.5 x 299.32 x
0.675 x 0.675
2
= 102.2833 kN-m

0.75
2.10
Mu/bd2.= 0.246 N/mm2. X X'
From Table-2 of SP-16, Refer Pt Value for 0.675
corresponding Mu/bd2. Value
By Interpolating, Pt. = 0.069 % 2.10
Area of steel (Ast) = 444.52 mm . 2

## Provide 10 mm φ bars @ 167 mm c/c

Provided Area = 471 mm2. Pt = 0.073 %
Astp > Ast req Hence OK

## Check for One-Way shear

Along Shorter side of the column
The Critical section is taken at distance d = 0.645 m from the face 0.30
of the column as shown in the figure
Shear Force Vu = p x shaded area X
= 299.32 x 1.5 x 0.536
= 240.653 kN d
0.75

2.10
Effective depth at Critical sectio = 0.452 m
Shear Stress Tv = Vu = 0.254 N/mm2.
bd X'
Tc = 0.282 N/mm . 2
Tcmax= 3.1 N/mm . 2
0.26
(From IS: 456-2000 Table-19; refer Tc value 2.10
with respect to Pt provided)
Tc > Tv Hence the section is safe against one-way shear

## Along Longer side of the column 0.30

The Critical section is taken at distance d = 0.645 m from the face
of the column as shown in the figure
Shear Force Vu = p x shaded area
= 299.32 x 1.5 x 0.063
0.75

2.10
= 28.28574 kN
Shear Stress Tv = Vu = 0.03 N/mm2. X d X'
0.03
bd 2.1
Tc = 0.209 N/mm2. Tcmax= 3.1 N/mm2. 2.10
(From IS: 456-2000 Table-19; refer Tc value
with respect to Pt provided)
Tc > Tv Hence the section is safe against one-way shear

Page 95
Consultancy Division, Dept of Civil Engg, GVPCOE
Design of Main Block Building at IGIAT
Design of Footings

## Check for Two-way shear:

The critical section is taken at distance d/2 = 0.3225 m
from the face of the column as shown in the figure.
Effective depth at Critical sectio = 0.558 m
Length of critical section(bo)= 2 x 1.395 + 2 x 0.945 0.30
= 4.68 m
Shear force Vu = 1.5 x p x shaded area
= 448.98 x 3.092 = 1388.2 kN
Shear stress Tv = Vu = 0.532 N/mm2.

0.75
2.10
bod
Design Shear stress:
Tc = Ks x Tcc 0.9
where Ks = 0.5 + B/L of the column 2.10
= 0.5 + 0.3 = 0.9 ( ≤ 1.0 always)
0.75
Tcc = 0.25 √ Fck
= 1.25 N/mm2.

## Tc = 0.9 x 1.25 = 1.125 N/mm2.

Tc>Tv Hence the section is safe against Two-way shear

Development of Reinforcement

## Development length is given by

σsφ
Ld = = 0.87 x 415 φ = 56.4 φ
4 τ bd 4 x 1.6 x 1.4
where 1.6 is the factor due to deformed bars
Along Shorter side of the column
= 56.4 x 12 = 676.8 mm
Along Longer side of the column
= 56.4 x 10 = 564 mm

Page 96
Consultancy Division, Dept of Civil Engg, GVPCOE
Design of Main Block Building at IGIAT
Design of Footings

## Size of the column = 0.75 x 0.3 m

Column Load = 900 kN
Safe Bearing Capacity of soil = 300 kN/m2.
Grade of Concrete = M 25 and Grade of Steel = Fe 415

## Size of the Footing:

Axial Load from the Column 900 kN
Add 10% extra weight for 990 kN
weight of the footing
Required Area of the footing 990 = 3.3 m2.
300
Provide size of the footing 1.85 x 1.85 m
Area Provided 3.42 m2.

## Net upward Pressure acting =

990 = 289.22 kN/m2.
3.423
Assume Overall depth of the Footing = 0.6 m
Assumed Cover = 0.05 m
(Assume 10mm dia bars as Tensile Reinforcement)
Effective Depth = 0.545 m

## Calculation of Maximum Bending Moment:

Along Shorter side of the Column:
Mu.= p x shaded area as shown in the figure x Perpendicular distance
from C.G. of shaded area to critical section X-X' 0.30
Mu.= 1.5 x 289.22 x 0.775 x 0.775
2 X
= 130.285 kN-m
Mu/bd .=
2
0.439 N/mm2.
0.75

1.85
From Table-2 of SP-16, Refer Pt Value for
corresponding Mu/bd2. value
By Interpolating, Pt. = 0.124 % X'
Area of steel (Ast) = 676.38 mm2. 0.78
Provide 10 mm φ bars @ 112 mm c/c 1.85
Provided Area = 706.5 mm . 2
Pt = 0.13 %
Astp > Ast req Hence OK

Page 97
Consultancy Division, Dept of Civil Engg, GVPCOE
Design of Main Block Building at IGIAT
Design of Footings

## Along Longer side of the Column:

Mu.= p x shaded area as shown in the figure x Perpendicular distance 0.30
from C.G. of shaded area to critical section X-X'
Mu.= 1.5 x 289.22 x 0.55 x 0.55
2
= 65.61679 kN-m

0.75
1.85
Mu/bd2.= 0.221 N/mm2. X X'
From Table-2 of SP-16, Refer Pt Value for 0.550
corresponding Mu/bd2. Value
By Interpolating, Pt. = 0.062 % 1.85
Area of steel (Ast) = 337.09 mm . 2

## Provide 8 mm φ bars @ 143 mm c/c

Provided Area = 351.68 mm2. Pt = 0.065 %
Astp > Ast req Hence OK

## Check for One-Way shear

Along Shorter side of the column
The Critical section is taken at distance d = 0.545 m from the face 0.30
of the column as shown in the figure
Shear Force Vu = p x shaded area X
= 289.22 x 1.5 x 0.426
= 184.812 kN d
0.75

1.85
Shear Stress Tv = Vu = 0.26 N/mm . 2

bd
Tc = 0.273 N/mm2. Tcmax= 3.1 N/mm2. X'
(From IS: 456-2000 Table-19; refer Tc value 0.23
with respect to Pt provided) 1.85
Tc > Tv Hence the section is safe against one-way shear

## Along Longer side of the column 0.30

The Critical section is taken at distance d = 0.545 m from the face
of the column as shown in the figure
Shear Force Vu = p x shaded area
= 289.22 x 1.5 x 0.009
0.75

1.85
= 3.90447 kN
Effective depth at Critical sectio = 0.384 m X d X'
0.01
Shear Stress Tv = Vu = 0.005 N/mm2. 1.85
bd N/mm2. 1.85
Tc = 0.198 N/mm2. Tcmax= 3.1
(From IS: 456-2000 Table-19; refer Tc value
with respect to Pt provided)
Tc > Tv Hence the section is safe against one-way shear

Page 98
Consultancy Division, Dept of Civil Engg, GVPCOE
Design of Main Block Building at IGIAT
Design of Footings

## Check for Two-way shear:

The critical section is taken at distance d/2 = 0.2725 m
from the face of the column as shown in the figure.
Effective depth at Critical sectio = 0.474 m
Length of critical section(bo)= 2 x 1.295 + 2 x 0.845 0.30
= 4.28 m
Shear force Vu = 1.5 x p x shaded area
= 433.83 x 2.328 = 1010 kN
Shear stress Tv = Vu = 0.498 N/mm2.

0.75
1.85
bod
Design Shear stress:
Tc = Ks x Tcc 0.775
where Ks = 0.5 + B/L of the column 1.85
= 0.5 + 0.3 = 0.9 ( ≤ 1.0 always)
0.75
Tcc = 0.25 √ Fck
= 1.25 N/mm2.

## Tc = 0.9 x 1.25 = 1.125 N/mm2.

Tc>Tv Hence the section is safe against Two-way shear

Development of Reinforcement

## Development length is given by

σsφ
Ld = = 0.87 x 415 φ = 56.4 φ
4 τ bd 4 x 1.6 x 1.4
where 1.6 is the factor due to deformed bars
Along Shorter side of the column
= 56.4 x 10 = 564 mm
Along Longer side of the column
= 56.4 x 8 = 451.2 mm

Page 99
Consultancy Division, Dept of Civil Engg, GVPCOE
Design of Main Block Building at IGIAT
Design of Footings

## Size of the column = 0.3 x 0.23 m

Column Load = 500 kN
Safe Bearing Capacity of soil = 300 kN/m2.
Grade of Concrete = M 25 and Grade of Steel = Fe 415

## Size of the Footing:

Axial Load from the Column 500 kN
Add 10% extra weight for 550 kN
weight of the footing
Required Area of the footing 550 = 1.833 m2.
300
Provide size of the footing 1.40 x 1.40 m
Area Provided 1.96 m2.

## Net upward Pressure acting = 550 = 280.612 kN/m2.

1.96
Assume Overall depth of the Footing = 0.45 m
Assumed Cover = 0.05 m
(Assume 10mm dia bars as Tensile Reinforcement)
Effective Depth = 0.395 m

## Calculation of Maximum Bending Moment:

Along Shorter side of the Column:
Mu.= p x shaded area as shown in the figure x Perpendicular distance
from C.G. of shaded area to critical section X-X' 0.23
Mu.= 1.5 x 280.612 x 0.585 x 0.585
2 X
= 72.024 kN-m
Mu/bd .=
2
0.462 N/mm2.
0.30

1.40
From Table-2 of SP-16, Refer Pt Value for
corresponding Mu/bd2. value
By Interpolating, Pt. = 0.131 % X'
Area of steel (Ast) = 516.49 mm2. 0.59
Provide 10 mm φ bars @ 143 mm c/c 1.40
Provided Area = 549.5 mm . 2
Pt = 0.139 %
Astp > Ast req Hence OK

Page 100
Consultancy Division, Dept of Civil Engg, GVPCOE
Design of Main Block Building at IGIAT
Design of Footings

## Along Longer side of the Column:

Mu.= p x shaded area as shown in the figure x Perpendicular distance 0.23
from C.G. of shaded area to critical section X-X'
Mu.= 1.5 x 280.612 x 0.55 x 0.55
2
= 63.66385 kN-m

0.30
1.40
Mu/bd2.= 0.408 N/mm2. X X'
From Table-2 of SP-16, Refer Pt Value for 0.550
corresponding Mu/bd2. Value
By Interpolating, Pt. = 0.115 % 1.40
Area of steel (Ast) = 455.34 mm . 2

## Provide 10 mm φ bars @ 167 mm c/c

Provided Area = 471 mm2. Pt = 0.119 %
Astp > Ast req Hence OK

## Check for One-Way shear

Along Shorter side of the column
The Critical section is taken at distance d = 0.395 m from the face 0.23
of the column as shown in the figure
Shear Force Vu = p x shaded area X
= 280.612 x 1.5 x 0.266
= 111.964 kN d
0.30

1.40
Effective depth at Critical sectio = 0.285 m
Shear Stress Tv = Vu = 0.281 N/mm2.
bd N/mm2. X'
Tc = 0.281 N/mm2. Tcmax= 3.1 0.19
(From IS: 456-2000 Table-19; refer Tc value 1.40
with respect to Pt provided)
Tc > Tv Hence the section is safe against one-way shear

## Along Longer side of the column 0.23

The Critical section is taken at distance d = 0.395 m from the face
of the column as shown in the figure
Shear Force Vu = p x shaded area
= 280.612 x 1.5 x 0.217
0.30

1.40
= 91.33921 kN
Shear Stress Tv = Vu = 0.229 N/mm2. X d X'
0.16
bd 1.4
Tc = 0.262 N/mm2. Tcmax= 3.1 N/mm2. 1.40
(From IS: 456-2000 Table-19; refer Tc value
with respect to Pt provided)
Tc > Tv Hence the section is safe against one-way shear

Page 101
Consultancy Division, Dept of Civil Engg, GVPCOE
Design of Main Block Building at IGIAT
Design of Footings

## Check for Two-way shear:

The critical section is taken at distance d/2 = 0.1975 m
from the face of the column as shown in the figure.
Effective depth at Critical sectio = 0.348 m
Length of critical section(bo)= 2 x 0.695 + 2 x 0.625 0.23
= 2.64 m
Shear force Vu = 1.5 x p x shaded area
= 420.918 x 1.526 = 642.32 kN
Shear stress Tv = Vu = 0.699 N/mm2.

0.30
1.40
bod
Design Shear stress:
Tc = Ks x Tcc 0.585
where Ks = 0.5 + B/L of the column 1.40
= 0.5 + 0.23 = 1.267 ( ≤ 1.0 always)
0.3
Tcc = 0.25 √ Fck
= 1.25 N/mm2.

## Tc = 1 x 1.25 = 1.25 N/mm2.

Tc>Tv Hence the section is safe against Two-way shear

Development of Reinforcement

## Ld = σsφ = 0.87 x 415 φ = 56.4 φ

4 τ bd 4 x 1.6 x 1.4
where 1.6 is the factor due to deformed bars
Along Shorter side of the column
= 56.4 x 10 = 564 mm
Along Longer side of the column
= 56.4 x 10 = 564 mm

Page 102
Consultancy Division, Dept of Civil Engg, GVPCOE
Design of Main Block Building at IGIAT
Design of Footings

## Size of the column = 0.3 m φ

Column Load = 500 kN
Safe Bearing Capacity of soil = 300 kN/m2.
Grade of Concrete = M 25 and Grade of Steel = Fe 415

## Size of the Footing:

Axial Load from the Column 500 kN
Add 10% extra weight for 550 kN
weight of the footing
Required Area of the footing 550 = 1.833 m2.
300
Provide size of the footing 1.40 x 1.40 m
Area Provided 1.96 m2.

## Net upward Pressure acting = 550 = 280.612 kN/m2.

1.96
Assume Overall depth of the Footing = 0.45 m
Assumed Cover = 0.05 m
(Assume 10mm dia bars as Tensile Reinforcement)
Effective Depth = 0.395 m

## Calculation of Maximum Bending Moment:

Mu.= p x shaded area as shown in the figure x Perpendicular distance
from C.G. of shaded area to critical section X-X' 0.30
Mu.= 1.5 x 280.612 x 0.55 x 0.55
2 X
= 63.664 kN-m
Mu/bd .=
2
0.408 N/mm2.
1.40
From Table-2 of SP-16, Refer Pt Value for
corresponding Mu/bd2. value
By Interpolating, Pt. = 0.115 % X'
Area of steel (Ast) = 455.34 mm2. 0.55
Provide 10 mm φ bars @ 167 mm c/c 1.40
Provided Area = 471 mm . 2
Pt = 0.119 %
Astp > Ast req Hence OK

Page 103
Consultancy Division, Dept of Civil Engg, GVPCOE
Design of Main Block Building at IGIAT
Design of Footings

## Check for One-Way shear

The Critical section is taken at distance d = 0.395 m from the face 0.30
of the column as shown in the figure
Shear Force Vu = p x shaded area X
= 280.612 x 1.5 x 0.217
= 91.339 kN d
1.40
Effective depth at Critical sectio = 0.283 m
Shear Stress Tv = Vu = 0.231 N/mm2.
bd N/mm2. X'
Tc = 0.262 N/mm2. Tcmax= 3.1 0.16
(From IS: 456-2000 Table-19; refer Tc value 1.40
with respect to Pt provided)
Tc > Tv Hence the section is safe against one-way shear

## Check for Two-way shear:

The critical section is taken at distance d/2 = 0.1975 m
from the face of the column as shown in the figure.
Effective depth at Critical sectio = 0.348 m
Length of critical section(bo) = π x 0.695 0.30
= 2.182 m
Shear force Vu = 1.5 x p x shaded area
= 420.918 x 1.581 = 665.47 kN
Shear stress Tv = Vu = 0.876 N/mm2. d
0.695

1.40
bod
Design Shear stress:
Tc = Ks x Tcc 0.55
where Ks = 0.5 + B/L of the column 1.40
= 0.5 + 0.3 = 1.5 ( ≤ 1.0 always)
0.3
Tcc = 0.25 √ Fck
= 1.25 N/mm2.

## Tc = 1 x 1.25 = 1.25 N/mm2.

Tc>Tv Hence the section is safe against Two-way shear

Development of Reinforcement
Development length is given by

## Ld = σsφ = 0.87 x 415 φ = 56.4 φ

4 τ bd 4 x 1.6 x 1.4
Development Length
= 56.4 x 10 = 564 mm

Page 104
Consultancy Division, Dept of Civil Engg, GVPCOE
Design of Main Block Building at IGIAT
Design of Footings

SCHDULE OF FOOTINGS

## FOOTING FOOTING SIZE DEPTH COLUMN SIZE REINFORCEMENT DETAILS

TYPE L B Overall At End L B
Longer side Shorter side
m m D (m) d (m) m m

F1 3.00 2.50 0.85 0.5 0.75 0.3 12 mm φ @ 100 mm c/c 12 mm φ @ 100 mm c/c

F2 2.70 2.20 0.75 0.45 0.75 0.3 12 mm φ @ 115 mm c/c 12 mm φ @ 115 mm c/c

F3 2.10 2.10 0.7 0.5 0.75 0.3 12 mm φ @ 115 mm c/c 10 mm φ @ 150 mm c/c

F4 1.85 1.85 0.6 0.4 0.75 0.3 10 mm φ @ 100 mm c/c 8 mm φ @ 140 mm c/c

F5 1.40 1.40 0.45 0.3 0.3 0.23 10 mm φ @ 140 mm c/c 10 mm φ @ 150 mm c/c

F6 1.40 1.40 0.45 0.3 Circular 0.3m φ 10 mm φ @ 150 mm c/c 10 mm φ @ 150 mm c/c

Page 105
Consultancy Division, Dept of Civil Engg, GVPCOE