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CBSE Class 10 – Mathematics – Triangles - Test Paper 1

Time: 1 Hr MM: 30
1-Mark Questions
Q1: In ∆ABC, D and E are mid points of AB and AC then DE : BC is _________.

Q2: The ratio of corresponding sides of two similar triangles is 3:4 Then the ratio of their areas is ________.

Q3: Write SAS criterion for similarity in triangles.

Q4(MCQ): If ΔABC ~ΔDFE, ∠A = 30°, ∠C = 50°, AB = 5 cm, AC = 8 cm and DF = 7.5 cm. Then, which of
the following is true?
(a) DE =12 cm, ∠F =50° (b) DE = 12 cm, ∠F =100°
(c) EF = 12 cm, ∠D = 100° (d) EF = 12 cm,∠D =30°

Q5: It is given that ΔDEF ~ ΔRPQ. Is it true to say that ∠D = ∠R and ∠F = ∠P ? Why?
2-Mark Questions
AD 3
Q6: In ΔABC , DE || BC and = , AC = 5.6. Find AE
DB 5

Q7: In a trapezium ABCD, AB || DC. E and F are points on non – parallel sides AD and BC respectively
AE BF
such that EF || AB show that =
ED FC

Q8: Prove that if the areas of two similar triangles are equal then they are congruent.

Q9: Prove that a line drawn through the mid-point one side of a triangle parallel to another side bisects the
third side (using basic proportionality theorem).

Q10: A person 1.65m tall casts 1.8m shadow. At the same instance a lamp post casts shadow of 5.4m. Find
the height of the lamppost.
3-Marks Questions

Q11: (a) Prove that ratio of perimeters of two triangles is equal to the ratio of their corresponding sides.
(b) The perimeters of two similar triangles are 30cm and 20cm respectively. If one side of the first triangle is
12cm, determine the corresponding side of the second triangle.

Q12: Prove that if a line is drawn parallel to one side of a triangle to intersect two sides in distinct points
then the other two sides are divided (proportionality theorem / Thales Theorem)

Q13: Sides AB and AC and median AD of a triangle ABC are respectively proportional to sides PQ and PR
and median PM of another triangle PQR. Show that ΔABC ~ΔPQR.

Q14: (a) Prove that the ratio of the areas of two similar triangles is equal to the square of the ratio of their
corresponding sides
(b) ∆ABC ∼ ∆DEF, BC = 3cm, EF = 4cm and area of ∆ABC = 54cm 2 Determine the area of ∆DEF.

Q15: In figure, if ∠1 =∠2 and ΔNSQ = ΔMTR, then prove that ΔPTS ~ ΔPRQ.

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CBSE Class 10 – Mathematics – Triangles - Test Paper 1

Answer: Q1: 1:2


Q4: (b) NCERT Exemplar Question 9
Q5: False We know that, if two triangles are similar, then their corresponding angles are equal. ∴
∠D = ∠R, ∠E = ∠P and ∠F = Q
Q6: onwards Sakshi C:\sandeep\cl10\cl10maths_sakshi\8_Similar_Triangles.pdf

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