class 10 Maths Triangles Test Paper

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class 10 Maths Triangles Test Paper

© All Rights Reserved

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Time: 1 Hr MM: 30

1-Mark Questions

Q1: In ∆ABC, D and E are mid points of AB and AC then DE : BC is _________.

Q2: The ratio of corresponding sides of two similar triangles is 3:4 Then the ratio of their areas is ________.

Q4(MCQ): If ΔABC ~ΔDFE, ∠A = 30°, ∠C = 50°, AB = 5 cm, AC = 8 cm and DF = 7.5 cm. Then, which of

the following is true?

(a) DE =12 cm, ∠F =50° (b) DE = 12 cm, ∠F =100°

(c) EF = 12 cm, ∠D = 100° (d) EF = 12 cm,∠D =30°

Q5: It is given that ΔDEF ~ ΔRPQ. Is it true to say that ∠D = ∠R and ∠F = ∠P ? Why?

2-Mark Questions

AD 3

Q6: In ΔABC , DE || BC and = , AC = 5.6. Find AE

DB 5

Q7: In a trapezium ABCD, AB || DC. E and F are points on non – parallel sides AD and BC respectively

AE BF

such that EF || AB show that =

ED FC

Q8: Prove that if the areas of two similar triangles are equal then they are congruent.

Q9: Prove that a line drawn through the mid-point one side of a triangle parallel to another side bisects the

third side (using basic proportionality theorem).

Q10: A person 1.65m tall casts 1.8m shadow. At the same instance a lamp post casts shadow of 5.4m. Find

the height of the lamppost.

3-Marks Questions

Q11: (a) Prove that ratio of perimeters of two triangles is equal to the ratio of their corresponding sides.

(b) The perimeters of two similar triangles are 30cm and 20cm respectively. If one side of the first triangle is

12cm, determine the corresponding side of the second triangle.

Q12: Prove that if a line is drawn parallel to one side of a triangle to intersect two sides in distinct points

then the other two sides are divided (proportionality theorem / Thales Theorem)

Q13: Sides AB and AC and median AD of a triangle ABC are respectively proportional to sides PQ and PR

and median PM of another triangle PQR. Show that ΔABC ~ΔPQR.

Q14: (a) Prove that the ratio of the areas of two similar triangles is equal to the square of the ratio of their

corresponding sides

(b) ∆ABC ∼ ∆DEF, BC = 3cm, EF = 4cm and area of ∆ABC = 54cm 2 Determine the area of ∆DEF.

Q15: In figure, if ∠1 =∠2 and ΔNSQ = ΔMTR, then prove that ΔPTS ~ ΔPRQ.

CBSE Class 10 – Mathematics – Triangles - Test Paper 1

Q4: (b) NCERT Exemplar Question 9

Q5: False We know that, if two triangles are similar, then their corresponding angles are equal. ∴

∠D = ∠R, ∠E = ∠P and ∠F = Q

Q6: onwards Sakshi C:\sandeep\cl10\cl10maths_sakshi\8_Similar_Triangles.pdf

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