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Class 10 – Chemistry – Acids, Bases and Salts – Test Paper 1

Time: 1 Hour MM:30


1-Mark Questions
Q1(MCQ): Which of the following salts does not contain water of crystallisation?
(a) Blue vitrol (b) Baking Soda (c) Washing Soda (d) Gypsum

Q2(MCQ): If a few drops of a concentrated acid accidentally spills over the hand of a student, what should
be done?
(a) Wash the hand with saline solution
(b) Wash the hand immediately with plenty of water and apply a paste of sodium hydrogen
carbonate
(c) After washing with plenty of water apply solution of sodium hydroxide on the hand
(d) Neutralise the acid with a strong alkali
Q3: How will you test a gas which is liberated when hydrochloric acid reacts with an active metal?

Q4: Why does an aqueous solution of an acid conduct electricity?

Q5: A compound which is prepared from gypsum has the property of hardening when mixed with proper
quantity of water. Identify the compound and write its chemical formula.

2-Marks Questions
Q6: Write the chemical formula for bleaching powder. How is it prepared? For what purpose is it used in in
paper factories?

Q7: How will you prove that given salt is a carbonate of metal?

Q8: Classify the following salts into acidic, basic or neutral (write the chemical formula of these salts also):
Potassium sulphate, ammonium chloride, sodium carbonate, sodium chloride

Q9: A white powder ‘A’ is a mild non-corrosive base and is used in the preparation of cakes. When the
powder is heated, it gives another powder ‘B’. The powder B is re-crystallised to get a substance C which
has detergent properties. Identify A, B and C and write balanced chemical equations for the conversions of A
and B.

Q10: A chemical compound having a strong smell of chlorine is used to disinfect water. Name the compound
and write a chemical equation to show its preparation. Give its one use.
3 Marks Questions
Q11: A student dropped a few pieces of marble in dilute Hydrochloric acid, contained in a test tube, the
evolved gas was then passed for a long time through lime water. What changes would be observed in lime
water? Write balanced equations for both changes observed.

Q12: (a) Write an equation when Zn reacts with NaOH.


(b) You have seen lemon or tamarind juice being used to clean tarnished surface of copper vessels. Explain
why?
(c) Why should water be never added dropwise to concentrated sulphuric acid?

Q13: Equal lengths of magnesium ribbons are taken in test tubes A and B. Hydrochloric acid (HCl) is added
to test tube A, while acetic acid (CH3COOH) is added to test tube B. Amount and concentration taken for
both the acids are same. In which test tube will the fizzing occur more vigorously and why?

Q14: What is a chlor-alkali process? Write the chemical equation and draw schematic diagram of the
process.
Q15: Name the organic acids present in the following natural sources:
(a) Vinegar (b) Orange (c) Tamarind (d) Tomato (e) Curd (f) Ant sting

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