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Grammar help

Welcome!
be

Affirmative Negative
full forms short forms full forms short forms
I am I ’m I am not I ’m not
you are you ’re you are not you aren’t
he he he he
she is she ’s she is not she isn’t
it it it it
we we we we
you are you ’re you are not you aren’t
they they they they

Interrogative Short answers


affirmative negative

Am I …? Yes, I am. No, I ’m not.


Are you Yes, you are. No, you aren’t.
he he he
Is she …? Yes, she is. No, she isn’t.
it it it
we we we
Are you …? Yes, you are. No, you aren’t.
they they they

I’m fourteen years old.


She isn’t Spanish.
‘Are you from London?’ ‘No, I’m not.’

En las respuestas breves afirmativas


siempre se utilizan las formas completas.
En las respuestas breves negativas suelen
utilizarse las formas contraídas.

1 © Oxford University Press


have got

Affirmative Negative
full forms short forms full forms short forms
I I I I
have got ’ve got have not got haven’t got
you you you you
he he he he
she has got she ’s got she has not got she hasn’t got
it it it it
we we we we
you have got you ’ve got you have not got you haven’t got
they they they they

Interrogative Short answers


affirmative negative

I I I
Have got …? Yes, have. No, haven’t.
you you you
he he he
Has she got …? Yes, she has. No, she hasn’t.
it it it
we we we
Have you got …? Yes, you have. No, you haven’t.
they they they

I’ve got a guitar.


My mum hasn’t got a car.
‘Have they got a dog?’ ‘Yes, they have.’

En las respuestas breves afirmativas


siempre se utilizan las formas completas.
En las respuestas breves negativas suelen
utilizarse las formas contraídas.

© Oxford University Press 2