© ISO 2006 – All rights reserved

ISO TC 86/SC 1 N 173
Date: 2006-04-03

ISO/CD 5149-1
ISO/TC 86/SC 1 Secretariat: ANSI

Refrigerating systems and heat pumps — Safety and environmental requirements — Part 1: Definitions, classification and selection criteria
Systèmes de réfrigération et pompes à chaleur — Exigences de sécurité et d'environnement — Partie 1: Définitions, classification et critères de choix

Warning This document is not an ISO International Standard. It is distributed for review and comment. It is subject to change without notice and may not be referred to as an International Standard. Recipients of this draft are invited to submit, with their comments, notification of any relevant patent rights of which they are aware and to provide supporting documentation.

Document type: International Standard Document subtype: Document stage: (30) Committee Document language: E

ISO/CD 5149-1

Copyright notice
This ISO document is a working draft or committee draft and is copyright-protected by ISO. While the reproduction of working drafts or committee drafts in any form for use by participants in the ISO standards development process is permitted without prior permission from ISO, neither this document nor any extract from it may be reproduced, stored or transmitted in any form for any other purpose without prior written permission from ISO. Requests for permission to reproduce this document for the purpose of selling it should be addressed as shown below or to ISO’s member body in the country of the requester: ANSI 25 West 43rd Street, 4th Fl. New York, New York, 10036 Tel. 212.642.4900 Fax. 212.398.0023 info@ansi.org Reproduction for sales purposes may be subject to royalty payments or a licensing agreement. Violators may be prosecuted.

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© ISO 2006 – All rights reserved

ISO/CD 5149-1

Contents
1 2 3 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.9 3.10 3.11 4 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 5 6 7

Page

Scope ...................................................................................................................................................1 Normative references .........................................................................................................................1 Terms, definitions and acronyms ......................................................................................................2 Refrigerating systems ........................................................................................................................5 Localitions ...........................................................................................................................................6 Pressures ............................................................................................................................................7 Components of refrigerating systems...............................................................................................7 Piping, joints and fittings ...................................................................................................................9 Safety devices ...................................................................................................................................10 Fluids .................................................................................................................................................11 Heat transfer circuit ..........................................................................................................................12 Refrigerant disposal .........................................................................................................................12 Miscellaneous ...................................................................................................................................13 Acronyms ..........................................................................................................................................13 Classification.....................................................................................................................................14 Occupancies classification ..............................................................................................................14 System classification........................................................................................................................15 Location classification .....................................................................................................................19 Refrigerant classification .................................................................................................................19 Quantity of refrigerant per occupied space ....................................................................................19 Space volume calculations ..............................................................................................................20 Heat transfer fluid .............................................................................................................................20

Annex A (normative) Location of refrigerating systems .............................................................................22 A.1 General ..............................................................................................................................................22 A.2 Factory sealed units with a charge of less than 0,15 kg of A3 refrigerant ...................................32 A.3 Alternative provisions for multi-split air conditioning or heat pumps systems...........................32 Annex B (normative) Safety classification and information about refrigerants ........................................35 Bibliography...................................................................................................................................................41

© ISO 2006 – All rights reserved

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ISO/CD 5149-1

Foreword
ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization. International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2. The main task of technical committees is to prepare International Standards. Draft International Standards adopted by the technical committees are circulated to the member bodies for voting. Publication as an International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies casting a vote. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. ISO 5149-1 was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 86, Refrigeration and air-conditioning, Subcommittee 1. This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition (ISO 5149:1993), which has been technically revised. ISO 5149 consists of the following parts, under the general title Refrigerating systems and heat pumps — Safety and environmental requirements:  Part 1: Definitions, classification and selection criteria  Part 2: Design, construction, testing, marking, and documentation,  Part 3: Installation site,  Part 4: Operation, maintenance repair and recovery. The purpose of the standard is to promote the safe design, construction, disposal, installation, and operation of refrigerating systems. The industry response to the CFC issue has accelerated the introduction of alternative refrigerants. The entry of new refrigerants and blends in the market and the introduction of new safety classifications prompted the revision of the standard. This standard is directed to the safety of persons and property on or near the premises where refrigeration facilities are located. It includes specifications for fabricating a tight system. The standard is intended to minimise possible hazards to persons, property and the environment from refrigerating systems and refrigerants. These hazards are associated essentially with the physical and chemical characteristics of refrigerants as well as the pressures and temperatures occurring in refrigeration cycles. Inadequate precautions may result in:  rupture of a part of the refrigeration system, or even an explosion, with risk from projected materials;  escape of refrigerant due to a fracture, a leakage caused by bad design, incorrect operation, and inadequate maintenance, repair, charging or disposal;

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© ISO 2006 – All rights reserved

Refrigerants. water and other materials. changes of volume due to temperature changes. © ISO 2006 – All rights reserved v . for example:       b) brittleness of materials at low temperatures. Furthermore. freezing of enclosed liquid . caused by a risk in extreme temperature. their mixtures and combinations with oils. affect the internal surrounding materials chemically and physically for example. caused by siphoning. Hazards due to the pressure and temperature in refrigerating systems are essentially due to the simultaneous presence of the liquid and vapour phases. caused by inadequate cooling or the partial pressure of non condensable gases or an accumulation of oil or liquid refrigerant. or condensing in the compressor. fire. endanger persons. or when defrosting an air cooler or high ambient temperature when the plant is at a standstill.   c) from the direct effect of the liquid phase for example:     excessive refrigerant charge or refrigerant flooding of equipment. for example of a liquid cooler. d) from the escape of refrigerants. touchable hot surfaces from excessive pressure due to. due to pressure and temperature. GWP) when escaping from the refrigerating system. increase in the pressure of saturated vapour due to excessive external heating. property and the environment directly or indirectly due to global long-term effects (ODP. The specifications of such refrigerants. expansion of a liquid refrigerant in a closed space without the presence of vapour. thermal stresses. mixtures and combinations are given in other standards and are not included in this standard. loss of lubrication due to emulsification of oil. presence of liquid in compressors. for example:  fire. liquid hammering in piping. injurious effects to persons caused by low temperatures. the state of the refrigerant and the stresses that it exerts on the various components do not depend solely on the processes and functions inside the equipment. which are present in the refrigerating system.ISO/CD 5149-1  burning or explosion of escaping refrigerant with consequent risk of fire. They can. if they have detrimental properties. The following hazards are worthy of note: a) from the direct effect of extreme temperature. for example:   increase in the pressure of condensation. intended or unintended. but also from external causes.

such as high temperature at discharge. fatigue stresses. Attention is drawn to hazards common to all compression systems.ISO/CD 5149-1  explosion. for example:  injury. thermal stress.  toxicity.  asphyxiation. liquid slugging.  caustic effects. Corrosion.  hearing loss from excessive noise. when exceeded. All machinery rooms are required to have mechanical ventilation controlled by oxygen deficiency alarms or refrigerant vapour alarms. should have special consideration as conditions peculiar to refrigerating systems arise due to alternate frosting and defrosting or the covering of equipment by insulation. vi © ISO 2006 – All rights reserved . erroneous operation or reduction in mechanical strength caused by corrosion. however. erosion. liquid hammer or vibration. Table B.  damage due to vibration.  freezing of skin.  possible environmental issues such as depletion of the ozone layer and global warming. Care should be taken to avoid stagnant pockets of heavy refrigerant vapours by proper location of ventilation inlet and exhaust openings.  panic. e) from the moving parts of the machinery.1 shows the amount of refrigerant in a given space. Commonly used refrigerants except ammonia (R-717) are heavier than air. requires additional consideration including use of a machinery room or additional protective measures to avoid the risk of a hazard.

the location of the refrigerating systems.1 This standard specifies the requirements for the safety of persons and property.2 a) b) c) d) 1. This standard does not cover “motor vehicle air conditioners”. Refrigerants — Designation system ISO 5149-3. with respect to spoilage or contamination. 1. only the edition cited applies. stationary or mobile. This standard does not apply to goods in storage. classification and selection criteria 1 Scope 1. provides guidance for the protection of the environment and establishes procedures for the operation. 1. being transferred to and operated on another site. For dated references.4 This standard applies: to refrigerating systems. Deviations are permissible only if equivalent protection is ensured. and to parts replaced and components added after adoption of this standard if they are not identical in function and in the capacity. of all sizes including heat pumps. extensions or modifications of already existing systems. ISO 817. For undated references. the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. Non-ducted air conditioners and heat pumps — Testing and rating for performance © ISO 2006 – All rights reserved 1 .3 1.COMMITTEE DRAFT ISO/CD 5149-1 Refrigerating systems and heat pumps — Safety and environmental requirements — Part 1: Definitions.5 This standard is applicable to new refrigerating systems. 2 Normative references The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document.6 This standard also applies in the case of the conversion of a system for another refrigerant. 1. maintenance and repair of refrigerating systems and the recovery of refrigerants. and for used systems. secondary cooling or heating systems. Refrigerating systems and heat pumps — Safety and environmental requirements — Part 3: Installation site and personal protection ISO 5151.

1.2 3.ISO/CD 5149-1 3 Terms.4 3.2 3.4 3.1 3.2 3.2.6 3.8.6.4 3.4.7.6.3 3. definitions and acronyms For the purposes of this document.5.1.1.2 3.2.2.1 3.5.3 3.10.7.4.1 3.2.3 3.1 3.4.4.1 3.4.9.2 3.1 3.2 2 © ISO 2006 – All rights reserved .6.1 3.3 3.2 3.1.4 3.5.5 3.10. the following definitions apply: Equivalent terms in English and French Index of the terms defined in the standard absorption system azeotrope brazed joint bursting disc cascade system changeover device coil companion [block] valves compressor compressor unit compression joint condenser condensing unit crawl spaces design pressure dilution convection dilution transfer opening direct system disposal double indirect system evaporator exit exit passageway expansion volume sealed type circuit factory made flanged joint flared joint fusible plug hallway halocarbon Répertoire des termes définis dans la norme système à absorption azéotrope joint brasé fort disque de rupture Installation en cascade inverseur serpentin contre-robinets [ou robinets-vannes] de sectionnement compresseur groupe compresseur joint par compression condenseur groupe de condensation vide sanitaire pression de conception courant d'air dû à une différence de densité courant d'air dû à l'ouverture système direct mise à disposition système indirect double évaporateur sortie passage de sortie vase d'expansion réfrigération scellé fabriqué en usine joint à bride joint évasé bouchon fusible corridor halocarbure pour système de Clause number 3.1 3.3.5.5.1 3.2.1 3.3 3.4.5 3.10.1 3.

2.7 3.7.7.2.6 3.2 3.1.5 3.4.6.1.5 3.8 3.7 3.4.3 3.8.9 3.7 3.2 © ISO 2006 – All rights reserved 3 .7 3.1.2 3.2 3.4.6.8 3.10 3.4.6 3.5.2.14 3.9.4.3 3.9 3.7 3.3.ISO/CD 5149-1 (continued) header heat exchanger heat pump heat transfer circuit heat-transfer fluid high pressure side hydrocarbon indirect systems internal gross volume internal net volume isolating valves joint limited charge system liquid level cut out liquid receiver low pressure side lower flammability limit machinery room maximum allowable pressure multisplit system occupied space open air open compressor overflow valve outside air piping positive displacement compressor pressure limiter pressure relief device pressure relief valve pressure vessel quick closing valve reclaim collecteur échangeur thermique pompe à chaleur circuit de transfert de chaleur fluide caloporteur côté haute pression hydrocarbure systèmes indirects volume interne brut volume interne net robinet de sectionnement joint système à charge limitée limiteur de niveau de liquides réservoir de liquide côté basse pression limite inférieure d'inflammabilité salle des machines pression maximale admissible système multisplit espace occupé par des personnes air libre compresseur ouvert soupape de décharge air extérieur tuyauterie compresseur volumétrique limiteur de pression dispositif limiteur de pression soupape de sécurité réservoir à pression robinet à fermeture rapide régénérer 3.9 3.4 3.4.6 3.10 3.8 3.5.5.11 3.2.1.7.4.5 3.4 3.5.2.1.3 3.6 3.5 3.5.1.4 3.6.6.7.6.

ISO/CD 5149-1 (continued) recover recycle refrigerant refrigerant detector refrigerating equipment refrigerating system Safety switching device for limiting the pressure sealed system self closing valve self-contained system service duct shut-off device special machinery room strength test pressure surge drum systems tapered thread joint temperature limiting device three-way valve tightness test pressure toxicity type approved safety pressure cut out type approved pressure cut out type approved pressure limiter ultimate strength of a system unit system welded joint zeotrope récupérer recycler fluide frigorigène détecteur de fluide frigorigène composants frigorifiques système de réfrigération dispositif de sécurité de limitation de la pression système scellé Robinet à autofermeture système autonome gaine de service dispositif d'arrêt salle des machines spéciale pression de l'essai de résistance réservoir-tampon systèmes joint fileté conique dispositif de limitation de la température robinet à trios voies pression de l'essai d'étanchéité toxicité ayant subi un essai de type pressostat de sécurité ayant subi un essai de type pressostat ayant subi un essai de type limiteur de pression résistance ultime d'un système système monobloc joint soudé zéotrope 3.13 3.6 3.8 3.7.4 3.13 3.5.6.10 3.14 3.14 3.11 3.9 3.3.11 3.1.7.6.2 3.1.6.5.7 3.9.12 3.3.3.4.4.15 3.12 3.2.12 3.6.9.5.3 3.15 3.10 3.12 3.1.9 3.13 3.1.8 4 © ISO 2006 – All rights reserved .6.7.5.6.11 3.5.1.13 3.6.4 3.5 3.

1.1 Refrigerating systems 3.1. such as companion or block valves © ISO 2006 – All rights reserved 5 .ISO/CD 5149-1 3. while refrigeration is used to refer to something that is completed.5 except that the heat-transfer medium passes through a second heat exchanger located externally to the space and cools or heats a second heat-transfer medium fluid which is brought into direct contact with the substance concerned e.e. that is fabricated and transported complete. that are in direct contact with the substance to be treated 3.10 self-contained system complete factory-made refrigerating system in a suitable frame and/or enclosure. by sprays or similar means. spray systems) are direct systems NOTE For the purpose of this standard direct and indirect systems are defined with respect to the potential to leak refrigerant into human occupied space. the allowable pressure will not be exceeded when complete evaporation of the refrigerant occurs 3. the secondary coolant is in contact with the air or the goods to be cooled or heated (e.1.g.1.1. the vapour then being absorbed or adsorbed by an absorbent or adsorbent medium respectively. Systems in which.g.1.9 refrigerating system (heat pump) combination of interconnected refrigerant-containing parts constituting one closed circuit in which the refrigerant is circulated for the purpose of extracting and rejecting heat (i.4 double indirect system system similar to that of 3. or in two or more sections and in which no refrigerant containing parts are connected on site other than by isolation valves. such as the equipment (refrigeration equipment) 3.6 limited charge systems refrigerating system in which the internal volume and total refrigerant charge are such that.1. 3.1 absorption system refrigerating system in which refrigeration is effected by evaporation of a refrigerant. 3.5 indirect systems evaporator cools or condenser heats the secondary coolant which passes through closed circuit containing heat exchangers.7 high pressure side part of a refrigerating system operating at approximately the condenser pressure 3.8 low pressure side part of a refrigerating system operating at approximately the evaporator pressure 3.1. Direct and indirect systems exist where human occupied space is not involved based on the system design. from which it is subsequently expelled at a higher partial vapour pressure by heating and then liquefied by cooling 3.3 direct system evaporator or condenser of the refrigerating system in contact with the air or the substance to be cooled or heated. with the system idle.2 cascade system two or more independent refrigerant circuit where the condenser of one system rejects heat directly to the evaporator of another 3. heating and cooling) NOTE Refrigerating is used to refer to the ongoing process.1.1.1.

false ceiling voids.2. e.2.14 multisplit system split system air conditioner or heat pump incorporated a single refrigerant circuit.ISO/CD 5149-1 3. Where the spaces around the apparent occupied space are. which may or not be roofed 6 © ISO 2006 – All rights reserved .4 hallway corridor for the passage of people 3.2.6 occupied space space bounded by walls. by construction or design. closets.2. ducts.3 exit passageway passageway immediately in the vicinity of the door through which people leave the building 3. For the purpose of this standard occupied space is identified as to the occupancy intended as follows 3. not air tight. with or without a door or gate 3.g. vented by mechanical ventilation.12 systems set of components working together as a mechanism or interconnected network NOTE Examples of systems are given in subclause 4. movable partitions and doors with transfer grilles.1 crawl spaces space that is in general accessed for maintenance only and where it is not possible to walk or access by walking 3.2 exit opening in the outer wall.1.1. filled. sealed from public areas and not accessible to the public. brazing or similar permanent connection 3. etc.5 machinery room enclosed room or space. these shall be considered as part of the human occupied space. multiple indoor unit and one or more outdoor units 3.2.7 open air any unenclosed space. which is intended to contain components of the refrigerating system. Storage areas. 3.2.2.1. crawl ways.13 unit system self-contained system that has been assembled. ready for use and tested prior to its installation and is installed without the need for connecting any refrigerant containing parts 3.2 Localitions 3.11 sealed system self contained system where all refrigerants containing parts are made tight by welding. NOTE A machinery room may contain other equipment provided its installation requirements are compatible with the requirements for the safety of the refrigerating system. floors and ceilings in buildings which is occupied for a significant period by persons.1. 3.2. are not considered occupied space.

2 tightness test pressure pressure that is applied to test a system or any part of it for pressure tightness 3.3 non-positive displacement compressor compressor in which compression is obtained without changing the internal volume of the compression chamber 3. as specified by the manufacturer 3.1 compressor unit combination of one or more compressors and the regularly furnished accessories 3.4. (except where the refrigerating system is direct gas fired absorption) and accessible only to competent refrigerating personnel for the purposes of inspection.4.ISO/CD 5149-1 3.3 Pressures 3.3. having no combustion element.2. maintenance and repair 3. A header connecting the tubes of the heat exchanger is part of the coil 3.4 strength test pressure pressure that is applied to test the strength of a refrigerating system or any part of it 3. 3.3.2 compressor device for mechanically increasing the pressure of a refrigerant vapour 3.1 design pressure pressure chosen for the strength calculation pressure of each component NOTE It is used for determining the necessary materials. thickness and construction for components with regard to their ability to withstand pressure.4 open compressor compressor having a drive shaft penetrating the refrigerant-tight housing © ISO 2006 – All rights reserved 7 .3.2.1 coil part of the refrigerating system constructed from pipes or tubes suitably connected and serving as a heat exchanger (evaporator or condenser).8 special machinery room machinery room intended to contain only components of the refrigerating system.4.4 Components of refrigerating systems 3.5 ultimate strength of a system pressure at which a part of the system ruptures or bursts 3.3 maximum allowable pressure PS maximum pressure for which the equipment is designed.2.4.2.2 positive displacement compressor compressor in which compression is obtained by changing the internal volume of the compression chamber 3.3.4.2.3.4.

 control devices. condensers or liquid receivers (when required) and the regularly furnished accessories 3.4.3 heat exchanger Device design to transfer heat between two physically separated fluids 3.  component parts of sealed absorption systems.7 pressure vessel any refrigerant containing part of a refrigerating system other than:  compressors. joints and fittings.  coils. 3.10 internal gross volume volume calculated from the internal dimensions of a vessel. NOTE The receiver should provide sufficient volume to accommodate the total refrigerant charge of the circuit as vapour at ambient temperature without exceeding the allowable pressure of the system.  evaporators.4.9 liquid receiver vessel permanently connected to a system by inlet and outlet pipes for accumulation of liquid refrigerant 3.4. no account being taken of the volume of any parts within the internal dimensions 8 © ISO 2006 – All rights reserved .8 fade-out vessel vapour receiver connected to the low temperature side of a limited charge cascade system which is of sufficient size to limit the rise in pressure during system standstill.4.6 evaporator heat exchanger in which liquid refrigerant is vaporised by absorbing heat from the substance to be cooled 3.4.  headers and other components having an internal diameter of not greater than 152mm and an internal net volume of not greater than 100 litters.4. each separate section of which does not exceed 15 litres of refrigerant containing volume.5 condensing unit combination of one or more compressors.ISO/CD 5149-1 3.  pumps. 3.4.4.  piping and its valves.4 condenser heat exchanger in which vaporised refrigerant is liquefied by removal of heat 3.

7 isolating valves valves which prevent flow in either direction when closed 3. surge drum 3.13 surge drum vessels containing refrigerant at low pressure and temperature and connected by liquid feed and vapour return pipes to an evaporator(s) 3.5 Piping. condenser.4 flanged joint joint made by bolting together a pair of flanged ends 3.5. compressor.4.6 header pipe or tube component of a refrigerating system to which several other pipes or tubes are connected 3.11 internal net volume volume calculated from the internal dimensions of a vessel. adsorber. evaporator. absorber.5 flared joint metal-metal compression joint in which a conical spread is made on the end of the tube 3.5.12 refrigerating equipment components forming a part of the refrigerating system.4.9 piping pipes or tubes (including any hose. isolating sections of systems and arranged so that these sections may be joined before opening these valves or separated after closing them 3.5. generator.8 joint connection made between parts 3.4.ISO/CD 5149-1 3.5. after the subtraction of the volume of the parts within the internal dimensions 3.5. e.5.5.g. liquid receiver. bellows or flexible pipe) for interconnecting the various parts of a refrigerating system © ISO 2006 – All rights reserved 9 . joints and fittings 3.1 brazed joint joint obtained by the joining of metal parts with alloys which melt at temperatures in general higher than 450 °C but less than the melting temperatures of the joined parts 3.5.3 compression joint pipe joint in which the tightening of a nut compresses a shaped ring that presses on the outside of the pipe sealing the system 3.5.2 companion [block] valves pairs of mating stop valves.

1 bursting disc disc or foil which bursts at a predetermined differential pressure 3.6.5 overflow valve pressure relief device discharging to the low pressure side of the refrigeration system 3.4 liquid level cut out liquid level actuated device designed to prevent unsafe liquid levels 3. Generally is intended to permit servicing part of a refrigerating system without removing the refrigerant from the complete system 3. spring force.7 pressure relief device pressure relief valve or bursting disc device designed to relieve excessive pressure automatically 10 © ISO 2006 – All rights reserved .ISO/CD 5149-1 3.12 shut-off device device to shut off the flow of the fluid 3. plumbing.6.13 tapered thread joint threaded pipe joint requiring filler materials in order to block the spiral leakage path 3.3 fusible plug device containing any material which melts at a predetermined temperature and relieves the pressure 3.6. 3.6.5.15 welded joint gas tight joint obtained by the joining of metal parts in the molten state 3.6. by weight.2 changeover device valve controlling two safety devices and so arranged that only one can be made inoperative at any one time 3.5. other ducts or equivalent service required for operation of the product.6.14 three-way valve a service valve that connects one refrigerant line to one or two other refrigerant lines.10 quick closing valve shut-off device which closes automatically (e. quick closing ball) or has a very small closing angle 3.5.6 pressure limiter safety switching device for limiting the pressure that resets automatically NOTE It is called PSH for high pressure protection and PSL for low pressure protection.11 service duct duct containing the electrical supply. 3.6 Safety devices 3.5.5.g.6.5. refrigerant piping.

chlorine.2 halocarbon and hydrocarbon these are:  CFC: Fully-halogenated (no hydrogen remaining) halocarbon containing chlorine.6.6.6.11 self closing valve valve that closes automatically e.8 pressure relief valve pressure actuated valve held shut by a spring or other means and designed to relieve pressure automatically 3.6.12 temperature limiting device temperature actuated device that is designed to prevent excessive temperatures NOTE A fusible plug is not a temperature limiting device.6. fluorine and carbon.7.14 type approved pressure limiter safety switching device for limiting the pressure that.1 azeotrope blend composed of two or more refrigerants whose equilibrium vapour and liquid phase compositions are the same at a given pressure.15 type approved safety pressure cut out safety switching device for limiting the pressure that manually resets only with the aid of a tool 3. fluorine and carbon.  HFC: Halocarbon containing only hydrogen.g.13 type approved pressure cut out safety switching device for limiting the pressure that manually resets 3. 3.9 refrigerant detector sensing device which responds to a pre-set concentration of refrigerant gas in the environment 3. but may be different at other condition 3. fluorine and carbon.7.10 safety switching device for limiting the pressure type approved pressure actuated device that is designed to stop the operation of the pressure generator 3.  PFC: Halocarbon containing only fluorine and carbon. © ISO 2006 – All rights reserved 11 .6. by weight or spring force 3. automatically resets and is called PSH for high pressure protection 3.16 type approved component Component for which the examination performed on one or more samples of this component by following a recognised standard for type approval 3.6.6.7 Fluids 3.6.ISO/CD 5149-1 3.  HCFC: Halocarbon containing hydrogen.

8.7.7 toxicity ability of a refrigerant to be harmful.1 expansion volume sealed type circuit circuit completely sealed and variation of volume partially absorbed in a pressurized expansion vessel 3.ISO/CD 5149-1  HC: Hydrocarbon containing only hydrogen and carbon. water.7.9.7.to convey a product usually for scrapping or destruction 3. brine.7. inhalation or ingestion NOTE Temporary discomfort that does not impair health is not considered to be harmful.7.9. Fluoroiodocarbon (fluorine.2 reclaim to process used refrigerants to new product specifications 12 © ISO 2006 – All rights reserved . 3.1 disposal to dispose of .3 heat-transfer fluid fluid (e. or lethal or to impair a person's ability to escape due to acute or chronic exposure by contact.5 outside air air from outside the building 3. 3.6 refrigerant fluid used for heat transfer in a mechanical refrigerating system.9 Refrigerant disposal 3. air) for the transmission of heat 3.8 Heat transfer circuit 3.iodine and carbon) 3.4 lower flammability limit (LFL) minimum concentration of refrigerant that is capable of propagating a flame within a homogeneous mixture of refrigerant and air fixed at a temperature of 23 °C and a pressure of 101 325 Pa 3.  FIC.g.8 zeotrope blend composed of two or more refrigerants whose equilibrium vapour and liquid phase compositions are not the same at any point 3.7.2 heat transfer circuit circuit which is composed of at least two heat exchangers and interconnecting pipes 3.8. which absorbs heat at a low temperature and a low pressure of the fluid and rejects heat at a higher temperature and a higher pressure of the fluid usually involving changes of the phase of the fluid NOTE Most of refrigerants are listed in ISO 817.

8 m width door and 4 mm gap) that can be expected every room without intention for ventilation 3. the ODL is the concentration that reduces the oxygen content in normal air to below 18.ISO/CD 5149-1 3.11. removing noncondensables and using devices such as filter/dryers to reduce moisture. dilution.10.11.10. convection or ventilation 3.10 Miscellaneous 3.0032 m2 opening (0. 3.3 recover to remove refrigerant in any condition from a system and store it in an external container 3.10.1 factory made manufactured at a dedicated production location under control of a recognised quality system 3.4 recycle to reduce contaminants in used refrigerants by separating oil.11 Acronyms 3.11.5 RCL Refrigerant Concentration Limit © ISO 2006 – All rights reserved 13 .11.0 %.2 ODL Oxygen Deprivation Limit concentration of a refrigerant or other gas that results in insufficient oxygen causing the onset of abnormal physiological effects NOTE For ISO 5149.1 ATEL Acute Toxicity exposure Limit maximum recommend refrigerant concentration determined in accordance with ISO 817 and intended to reduce the risks of acute toxicity hazards to humans in the event of refrigerant release 3.9.3 dilution transfer opening opening which allows the leaked refrigerant to flow out from the room to an adjacent room or corridor by density difference. acidity and particulate matter 3.11.9.3 QLAV Quantity Limit with Additionally Ventilation refrigerant concentration that is basically equal to the ODL which makes the oxygen concentration of 18% assuming perfect mixing 3.4 QLMV Quantity Limit with Minimum Ventilation calculated value from based on having 0.2 dilution convection air flow caused by the density difference between the mixture of leaked refrigerant with air into the occupied space 3. assuming uniform mixing.

general Occupancies are classified in respect to the safety of the persons. dwellings. nursing homes. EXAMPLE Fospitals. 4. abattoirs. hotels.1. food. Authorised persons shall be acquainted with general safety precautions of the establishment (e. theatres. transport termini. ice and ice cream.5 Occupancy with authorised access only – Class C An occupancy which is not open to public and where only authorised persons are granted access. parts of buildings or buildings. national occupancy classification shall be placed into the following occupancy groups. 4. Refrigeration machinery rooms (part 3 of this standard) are regarded as unoccupied. 4. prisons. non-public areas in supermarkets.1. where only a limited number of people may be assembled.3 General occupancy – Class A A location where people may sleep or where the number of people present is not controlled or to which any person has access without having knowledge of safety precautions. refineries.1 General Occupancies are classified by national requirements. Refrigerants heavier than air can cause oxygen deficient pockets at low level (see relative molar mass in the informative Annex B). 4. If national standards do not exist the following occupancy groups shall be used. places for general manufacturing.g. Considerations of safety in refrigerating systems take into account the site.1. 14 © ISO 2006 – All rights reserved .g.1 Classification Occupancies classification 4.4 Supervised occupancy – Class B Rooms. some of them being necessarily acquainted with the general safety precautions. supermarkets. EXAMPLE Cold stores. lecture halls.ISO/CD 5149-1 4 4. office buildings.1. NOTE Attention is drawn to the safety of adjacent premises and occupants in areas adjacent to a refrigerating system.2 Occupied space.1.6 Systems deserving two or more types of occupancy When two or more types of occupancy are served by a refrigeration system the charge size shall be determined by the more stringent requirement. for chemicals. industrial production facilities). For the purpose of this international standard. manufacturing facilities e. EXAMPLE Laboratories. the number of people occupying the site and the categories of occupancy. restaurants.1. who may be directly affected in case of abnormal operation of the refrigerating system. 4.

buildings where only a limited number of people may be assembled.an uncontrolled number of people are present or to which any person has access without being personally acquainted with the necessary safety precautions. building where: . dairies.2.2. abattoirs.2.2. buildings where only authorised persons have access. 4. a The list of examples is not exhaustive. food. public transport termini.1 General Systems with one degree of separation from the occupied space are called direct systems. hotels. Examplesa Hospitals.ISO/CD 5149-1 Table 1 — Category of occupancy Categories General occupancy A General characteristics Rooms. . parts of buildings. ice-cream. for chemicals. schools.2. theatres. beverage. processing or storage of material or products take place. cold srores. who are acquainted with general and special safety precautions of the establishment and where manufacturing. parts of buildings. laboratories.2 Direct expansion system The refrigerant containing parts are located within the occupied space. 4. © ISO 2006 – All rights reserved 15 . lecture halls. Rooms. 4. Rooms. courts or prisons. parts of buildings. some being necessarily acquainted with the general safety precautions of the establishment.1 General Refrigerating systems are classified according to the method of extracting heat from (cooling) or adding it to (heating) the atmosphere or substance to be treated.people are restricted in their movement.2. dwellings. Supervised occupancy B Business or professional offices. supermarkets.2 System classification 4.2 Direct systems 4. into which the refrigerant could enter in the event of a leak.g. places for general manufacturing and where people work. e. Authorised occupancy Manufacturing facilities. restaurants.people may sleep. ice. refineries. . non-public areas in supermarkets.

ISO/CD 5149-1 Key 1 occupied space 2 refrigerant containing part(s) Figure 1 — Direct expansion system 16 © ISO 2006 – All rights reserved .

ISO/CD 5149-1 4. A refrigerant leak could enter the occupied space.2.2. Key 1 occupied space 2 refrigerant containing part(s) Figure 3 — Direct ducted system © ISO 2006 – All rights reserved 17 .2. Key 1 occupied space 2 refrigerant containing part(s) Figure 2 — Open spray system 4. where the indirect circuit is open to the occupied space.4 Direct ducted system Ducted air in direct contact with refrigerant containing parts. A refrigerant leak could enter the occupied space.3 Open spray system Heat transfer medium in direct contact with refrigerant containing parts. where the conditioned air is supplied to the occupied space.2.

2. A refrigerant leak cannot enter the occupied space.3.5 Open vented spray system Heat transfer medium in direct contact with refrigerant containing parts.3. and heat is exchanged with a second indirect circuit that passes into the occupied space.3 Indirect systems 4.2. where the indirect circuit is open to the occupied space. A refrigerant leak could enter the occupied space. 4.ISO/CD 5149-1 4. Key 1 occupied space 2 refrigerant containing part(s) Figure 5 — Double indirect system 18 © ISO 2006 – All rights reserved .2 Double indirect system Where a heat transfer medium is with refrigerant containing parts. Key 1 occupied space 2 refrigerant containing part(s) Figure 4 — Open vented spray system 4.1 General Systems with more than one degree of separation from the occupied space are called indirect systems.2.2.2.

class III shall apply instead of class I.3. © ISO 2006 – All rights reserved 19 . 4. liquid receivers and condensers are either located in a machinery room or in the open air. 4. The machinery room fulfils the respective requirements of part 3 of this standard.3. Evaporators including their feeding liquid lines may by located in an occupied space.3. 4. Key 1 occupied space 2 refrigerant containing part(s) P1 Pressure 1 P2 Pressure 2 Figure 6 — High pressure indirect system 4.ISO/CD 5149-1 4.2.2 Where IEC or ISO product standards exist for particular types of systems and where these product standards refer to refrigerant quantities limits. the refrigerant charge shall not exceed the amounts specified in Annex A.3 Location classification 4.4 Refrigerant classification 5 Quantity of refrigerant per occupied space 5.1 Consideration of the amount of a refrigerant charge that could enter into the human occupied space shall be made in the following manner: For occupied spaces.1 Class I – Occupied Space The refrigeration system or refrigerant containing parts thereof are located in the occupied space. If all compressors and condensers are isolated in a machinery room or in the open air.3. 5. such quantities shall overrule the requirements of this standard. The refrigerant cannot leak into the indirect circuit. general. Machinery rooms are not considered occupied space.3 High pressure indirect system Where the heat transfer medium is at a higher pressure that the refrigerant containing parts.3 Class III – Machinery room All refrigerant containing parts are located in a machinery room.2 Class II – Compressors in machinery room All compressors.

the volume of the smallest single space shall be used. The freezing point of the HTF is also permitted to be greater than the lowest temperature of the primary circuit refrigerant if the circuit contains − − − − 20 © ISO 2006 – All rights reserved . The designer shall take into account the following criteria when selecting a heat transfer fluid: − Ingestion . the volume of the smallest occupied story of the building shall be used.ISO/CD 5149-1 6 Space volume calculations 6. − Water and soil contamination – Where the heat transfer fluid has not been approved by this standard or national regulations for human consumption or release to ground water then provision shall be made in the design of the system and the building to prevent such release in the event of a leak. If the air flow to a space cannot be reduced to less than 10 % of the maximum air flow by the use of an air flow reducer. NOTE Where an indoor unit of a multisplit system is in or the system piping passes through an occupied space having a volume of such size so that the total charge exceeds the allowable charge. The pressure shall be determined under a freezing blockage at the most adverse point in the circuit. 6. Personal exposure (toxicity) . then that space shall be included in the volume of the smallest human occupied space. Marks -The system shall be marked with a design pressure rating in accordance with Part 2. A freezing point greater than the lowest temperature of the primary circuit refrigerant is permitted if the pressure of the secondary circuit does not exceed the design pressure rating of the pressure containing parts. 6. normally human occupied space shall be used in the determination of the refrigerant quantity limits. The effects due to spraying from a leak when the fluid under pressure shall be considered. 6.3 Multiple spaces that have openings (that cannot be closed) between the individual spaces or are connected with a common ventilation supply. Freezing Point – If the freezing point of the Heat Transfer Fluid is more 3 K below the lowest temperature of the primary circuit refrigerant no additional requirements apply. Unintentional leakage of "food grade" heat transfer coolants into a food product mitigates the risk. enclosed. See Annex B. NOTE Many food processing applications rely on a heat transfer fluid for indirect cooling or freezing. 7 Heat transfer fluid Where fluids listed in Annex C are used.5 The space above a false ceiling or partition shall be included in the volume calculation unless the false ceiling is airtight. Where the evaporator or condenser is located in an air supply duct system serving multiple spaces. 6.2 The space considered shall be any space which contains refrigerant containing parts. special provisions may be made to ensure at least an equivalent level of safety. Fluids that comply with national regulations which have evaluated the material for ingestion by persons are permitted to enter the ground or drainage system.Use of heat transfer fluids for cooling or heating of food products shall comply with national or regional legislation.The personal exposures of the heat transfer fluid shall determined by reviewing the Material Safety Data Sheet and assuming the total amount leaks into occupied space. Pressure .the heat transfer fluid containment circuit shall be capable of withstanding the pressures generated in the heat transfer loop in accordance with Part 2.4 Where the evaporator or condenser is located in an air supply duct system and the system serves an unpartitioned multistory building. return or exhaust system not containing the evaporator of the condenser shall be treated as a single space. the circuit shall be considered as a refrigerating circuit and the fluid as a refrigerant.1 The volume (V) of the smallest.

− − − − © ISO 2006 – All rights reserved 21 .ISO/CD 5149-1 an automatic control that stops the primary circuit refrigeration function before the secondary loop is blocked.To avoid decomposition of the heat transfer fluid the maximum operating temperature shall not be greater than the maximum rated operating temperature of the fluid as specified by manufacturer. − Decomposition Point . Non-aqueous based heat transfer fluids are inherently non-corrosive provided they are not contaminated by water. Autoignition Temperature . Thermal Expansion . Corrosion protection .The heat transfer fluid shall provide adequate corrosion protection to all system materials. Flash Point .012 7 mm per year when tested according to conditions specified by an industry accepted standard such as ASTM D1384-04. Compliance is checked by testing at 10 °C below the freezing point of the fluid or at the temperatures that can be reached under blocked conditions.The heat transfer fluid shall have an autoignition temperature greater than 100 °C. All water based heat transfer fluids must not exceed a corrosion rate for each metal used in the circuit 0.Fluids that have a positive coefficient of thermal expansion of the fluid as the temperature is lowered below the freezing point shall not cause the pressure in the secondary loop to exceed the rated pressure for the loop and shall not cause the pipe to deform under freezing conditions. whichever is lower.The flash point of the fluid shall not be less than 55 °C.

The charge limit can be an absolute value or calculated from characteristic refrigerant data and room volumes. The appropriate location shall be selected in accordance with this International Standard which takes account of possible hazards. entrances or exits used by the public.1 shows whether combinations are permitted or not. NOTE 3 The numbering system in Table A.1 General There are three types of location for refrigerating systems. In these cases the high and low pressure sides of the system can change depending on the mode of the unit. Experiences and theoretical risk evaluations for the use of B3 refrigerants respectively are insufficient to justify those requirements. Combinations which are permitted but subject to restrictions are indicated with specific requirements and/or refrigerant charge limits. Annex B of this standard does not list a B3 refrigerant. NOTE 1 Some heat pumps/air conditioners operate for either heating and cooling by reversing the flow from the compressor to the heat exchangers by means of a special reversing valve. If a secondary system employs a substance that is listed as a refrigerant under Annex B. The numbers do not represent references to other parts of this standard. the charge of that heat transfer fluid shall be calculated by using the requirements for direct systems within Table B. The three types of location are described in Clause 4. Table A.1. Refrigerating systems or parts of systems shall not be installed in or on stairways. if free passage is thereby limited. landings.3.ISO/CD 5149-1 Annex A (normative) Location of refrigerating systems A.1 is for convenience and easier reference only.1. 22 © ISO 2006 – All rights reserved . NOTE 2 Requirements for B3 refrigerants are not included in Table A.

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charge = practical limit x room volume or see A.3 8 considered as direct system. Otherwise no restrictions of charge 21 no restriction 22 no restriction 23 no restriction 24 no restriction 24 © ISO 2006 – All rights reserved .1 — Refrigerant type Refrigerant Type — A1 General Occupancy — Class A Direct Systems Indirect Systems Max. see box nr 7 Max. see box nr 13 emergency exits: treated as General Occupancy — Class B.ISO/CD 5149-1 Table A. see box nr 19 emergency exits: treated as General Occupancy — Class B. Otherwise no restrictions of charge 15 no restriction 16 no restriction 17 no restriction 18 no restriction In a human occupied space which is not in a machinery room High Pressure Side in an unoccupied machinery room or in the open air All refrigerant containing parts in an unoccupied machinery room or in the open air Occupancy with authorised access only — Class C Direct Systems Indirect Systems 19 Below ground or on upper floors without adequate 20 considered as direct system. charge = practical limit x room volume 10 no restriction 12 no restriction In a human occupied space which is not in a machinery room High Pressure Side in an unoccupied machinery room or in the open air All refrigerant containing parts in an unoccupied machinery room or in the open air 7 9 11 No restriction In a human occupied space which is not in a machinery room High Pressure Side in an unoccupied machinery room or in the open air All refrigerant containing parts in an unoccupied machinery room or in the open air Supervised Occupancy — Class B Direct Systems Indirect Systems 13 Below ground or on upper floors without adequate 14 considered as direct system.

2 16 No Restriction All other refrigeration systems: Max.5 x practical limit x room vol. charge = 0.ISO/CD 5149-1 Table A.2 22 No restriction All other refrigeration systems: Max.2. General Occupancy — Class A Direct Systems Indirect Systems 7 A/C systems for human comfort: see A.2. and not exceeding 132 x LFL .3 20 considered as direct system. and not exceeding 38 x LFL 11 A/C systems for human comfort: see A.2. All other refrigeration systems: max. Charge = 10 kg or 50 kg if density of personnel is < 1 per 10m² and sufficient mergency exits are available 21 A/C systems for human comfort: see A. charge = 25 kg 17 A/C systems for human comfort: see A.2.1 (continued) Refrigerant Type — A2L Factory sealed direct systems with charge < 0. charge = 10 kg 15 A/C systems for human comfort: see A.2 or A. see box nr 7 All other refrigeration systems: max.2. charge = 25 kg or no Restriction if density of personnel is < 1/10 m2 23 A/C systems for human comfort: see A. Supervised Occupancy — Class B Direct Systems Indirect Systems 13 A/C systems for human comfort: see A.2 or A. charge = practical limit x room vol.2.2.2.2 12 No restriction if exit to the open air All other refrigeration systems: max. and not exceeding 38 x LFL 9 A/C systems for human comfort: see A.15 kg: see A.2 24 No restriction All other refrigeration systems: No restriction In a human occupied space which is not in a machinery room High Pressure Side in an unoccupied machinery room or in the open air All refrigerant containing parts in an unoccupied machinery room or in the open air In a human occupied space which is not in a machinery room High Pressure Side in an unoccupied machinery room or in the open air All refrigerant containing parts in an unoccupied machinery room or in the open air In a human occupied space which is not in a machinery room High Pressure Side in an unoccupied machinery room or in the open air All refrigerant containing parts in an unoccupied machinery room or in the open air © ISO 2006 – All rights reserved 25 . charge = practical limit x room vol.2.2 or A.2 18 No Restriction All other refrigeration systems: No Restriction Occupancy with authorised access only — Class C Direct Systems Indirect Systems 19 A/C systems for human comfort: see A. see box nr 13 All other refrigeration systems: Max. see box nr 19 All other refrigeration systems: Max.2 10 Max charge = practical limit *x room vol.3 8 considered as direct system.3 14 considered as direct system.2.

and not exceeding 38 x LFL 9 A/C systems for human comfort: see A. All other refrigeration systems: max.2. Charge = 2 kg below ground level and 25 kg above ground level ground level and 25 kg above ground level 23 A/C systems for human comfort: see A.2 22 A/C systems for human comfort: see A.2.2.2. charge = practical limit x room vol.1 (continued) Refrigerant Type — B1 26 © ISO 2006 – All rights reserved .2.2 16 A/C systems for human comfort: see A.2 All other refrigeration systems: Max.2 24 A/C systems for human comfort: see A. Charge = 2 kg below All other refrigeration systems: Max.2 18 A/C systems for human comfort: see A. Charge = 2 kg below ground level. see box nr 13 All other refrigeration systems: Max. General Occupancy — Class A Direct Systems Indirect Systems 7 A/C systems for human comfort: see A.2.ISO/CD 5149-1 Table A.2 14 considered as direct system.2 10 Max charge = practical limit *x room vol.2. and not exceeding 38 x LFL 11 A/C systems for human comfort: see A. charge = 0. see box nr 7 All other refrigeration systems: max.2 12 No restriction if exit to the open air All other refrigeration systems: max.3 8 considered as direct system. see box nr 19 All other refrigeration systems: Max.2.5 x practical limit x room vol. Charge = 2 kg below All other refrigeration systems: Max. and not exceeding 132 x LFL . charge = practical limit room volume and not exceeding 2 kg below ground level and 15 x room volume and not exceeding 2 kg below ground level and kg above ground level 15 kg above ground level Occupancy with authorised access only — Class C Direct Systems Indirect Systems 19 A/C systems for human comfort: see A. charge = practical limit x room volume and not exceeding 2 kg below ground level and 5 kg above ground level 15 A/C systems for human comfort: see A.2. charge = practical limit x room vol.2 All other refrigeration systems: Max. Supervised Occupancy — Class B Direct Systems Indirect Systems 13 A/C systems for human comfort: see A.15 kg: see A.2.2.2 — CE Refrigerant Type — A2 Factory sealed direct systems with charge < 0.2 20 considered as direct system. charge = practical limit room volume and not exceeding 2 kg below ground level and 5 kg x room volume and not exceeding 2 kg below ground level and above ground level 5 kg above ground level 17 A/C systems for human comfort: see A.2.2.2. charge = practical limit x All other refrigeration systems: Max.2 or A. No restriction above ground In a human occupied space which is not in a machinery room High Pressure Side in an unoccupied machinery room or in the open air All refrigerant containing parts in an unoccupied machinery room or in the open air In a human occupied space which is not in a machinery room High Pressure Side in an unoccupied machinery room or in the open air All refrigerant containing parts in an unoccupied machinery room or in the open air In a human occupied space which is not in a machinery room High Pressure Side in an unoccupied machinery room or in the open air All refrigerant containing parts in an unoccupied machinery room or in the open air Table A. Charge = 2 kg below ground level and 10 kg above ground level 21 A/C systems for human comfort: see A.2 All other refrigeration systems: Max.2 All other refrigeration systems: Max. charge = practical limit x All other refrigeration systems: Max. No restriction above ground ground level.

all other systems: max charge = practical limit *x room vol.5 kg 10 Max charge = 2. max charge = practical limit x room vol.ISO/CD 5149-1 General Occupancy — Class A Direct Systems In a human occupied space which is not in a machinery room High Pressure Side in an unoccupied machinery room or in the open air All refrigerant containing parts in an unoccupied machinery room or in the open air 7 9 max charge = practical limit x room vol. see box nr 7 11 Max Charge = 2.5 kg for sealed absorption systems. 12 no restriction if exit to the open air Supervised Occupancy — Class B Direct Systems In a human occupied space which is not in a special machinery room High Pressure Side in an unoccupied machinery room or in the open air All refrigerant containing parts in an unoccupied machinery room or in the open air 13 Max charge = 10 kg 15 Max charge = 25 kg 17 No Restriction Indirect Systems 14 considered as direct system. see box nr 19 22 No restriction 24 No restriction © ISO 2006 – All rights reserved 27 . see box nr 13 16 No Restriction 18 No Restriction Occupancy with authorised access only — Class C Direct Systems In a human occupied space which is not in a machinery room High Pressure Side in an unoccupied machinery room or in the open air All refrigerant containing parts in an unoccupied machinery room or in the open air 19 Max Charge = 10 kg or 50 kg if density of personnel is < 1/10m² and sufficient emergency exits are available 21 Max charge = 25 kg or no Restriction if density of personnel is 2 < 1/10 m 23 No restriction Indirect Systems 20 considered as direct system. 8 Indirect Systems considered as direct system.

5 kg 8 Indirect Systems considered as direct system. all other systems: max charge = practical limit x room vol. see box nr 13 16 No Restriction 18 No Restriction Occupancy with authorised access only — Class C Direct Systems In a human occupied space which is not in a machinery room High Pressure Side in an unoccupied machinery room or in the open air All refrigerant containing parts in an unoccupied machinery room or in the open air 19 Max Charge = 10 kg or 50 kg if density of personnel is < 1/10m² and sufficient emergency exits are available 21 max charge = 25 kg or No Restriction if density of personnel 2 is < 1/10m 23 No restriction Indirect Systems 20 considered as direct system.1 (continued) Refrigerant Type — B2L General Occupancy — Class A Direct Systems In a human occupied space which is not in a machinery room High Pressure Side in an unoccupied machinery room or in the open air All refrigerant containing parts in an unoccupied machinery room or in the open air 7 Max charge = 2. 11 Max Charge = 2.5 kg for sealed absorption systems.5 kg for sealed absorption systems. 12 no restriction if exit to the open air Supervised Occupancy — Class B Direct Systems In a human occupied space which is not in a machinery room High Pressure Side in an unoccupied machinery room or in the open air All refrigerant containing parts in an unoccupied machinery room or in the open air 13 Max charge = 10 kg 15 Max charge = 25 kg 17 No Restriction Indirect Systems 14 considered as direct system. all other systems: max charge = practical limit x room vol.5 kg for sealed absorption systems.ISO/CD 5149-1 Table A. see box nr 7 10 Max charge = 2. 9 Max charge = 2. see box nr 19 22 No restriction 24 No restriction 28 © ISO 2006 – All rights reserved . all other systems: max charge = practical limit *x room vol.

2.2 All other refrigeration systems: Max.2.2 All other refrigeration systems: Max.2.2 All other refrigeration systems: Max. Charge = 2 kg below ground level and 25 kg above ground level 23 A/C systems for human comfort: see A. Charge = 2 kg below ground level.2 All other refrigeration systems: Max.2. and not exceeding 38 x LFL A/C systems for human comfort: see A. charge = practical limit x room volume and not exceeding 2 kg below ground level and 5 kg above ground level 17 A/C systems for human comfort: see A.2 All other refrigeration systems: Max.3 All other refrigeration systems: max. Charge = 2 kg below ground level and 25 kg above ground level 24 A/C systems for human comfort: see A. charge = practical limit x room volume and not exceeding 2 kg below ground level and 15 kg above ground level Indirect Systems 20 considered as direct system.2 All other refrigeration systems: Max. charge = practical limit x room volume and not exceeding 2 kg below ground level and 15 kg above ground level Direct Systems In a human occupied space which is not in a machinery room High Pressure Side in an unoccupied machinery room or in the open air All refrigerant containing parts in an unoccupied machinery room or in the open air 19 A/C systems for human comfort: see A. see box nr 13 room vol.2. see box nr 19 Occupancy with authorised access only — Class C 22 A/C systems for human comfort: see A.2 All other refrigeration systems: Max. No restriction above ground Indirect Systems 14 considered as direct system.2 All other refrigeration systems: max. Charge = 2 kg below ground level and 10 kg above ground level 21 A/C systems for human comfort: see A. charge = practical limit 10 All other systems: max charge = practical limit *x room vol. Charge = 2 kg below ground level. No restriction above ground © ISO 2006 – All rights reserved 29 .2 or A.ISO/CD 5149-1 Table A.2. A/C systems for human comfort: see A.2.2 All other refrigeration systems: Max. charge = practical limit x room volume and not exceeding 2 kg below ground level and 5 kg above ground level 18 A/C systems for human comfort: see A. and not exceeding 38 x LFL All refrigerant containing parts in an unoccupied machinery room or in the open air 11 Max Charge = 2.2.2 All other refrigeration systems: Max.3 — CE Refrigerant Type — B2 General Occupancy — Class A Direct Systems In a human occupied space which is not in a machinery room 7 x High Pressure Side in an unoccupied machinery room or in the open air 9 x room vol. charge = practical limit 8 Not applicable Indirect Systems High Pressure Side in an unoccupied machinery room or in the open air All refrigerant containing parts in an unoccupied machinery room or in the open air 16 A/C systems for human comfort: see A.2. charge = practical limit x room volume and not exceeding 2 kg below ground level and 5 kg above ground level 15 A/C systems for human comfort: see A.2.2.2 All other refrigeration systems: Max.5 kg 12 no restriction if exit to the open air Supervised Occupancy — Class B Direct Systems In a human occupied space which is not in a machinery room 13 A/C systems for human comfort: see A.2.

15 kg: seeA.2.ISO/CD 5149-1 Table A.2 All other refrigeration systems: Max charge = practical limit x room volume and not exceeding 1 kg below ground level and 2.2.5 kg. Systems with ventilated enclosure: see subclause 5. Factory sealed systems with limited charge: see Error! Reference source not found.2 All other refrigeration systems: Only sealed systems with max charge = practical limit x room volume and not exceeding 1.2 All other refrig.2 All other refrigeration systems: Max charge = practical limit x room volume and not exceeding 1 kg below or 10 kg above ground level 8 Indirect Systems considered as direct system. All refrigerant containing parts in an unoccupied machinery room or in the open air 12 max charge = practical limit *x room volume and not exceeding 1 kg below ground level or 5 kg above ground level Supervised Occupancy — Class B Indirect Systems In a human occupied space which is not in a machinery room High Pressure Side in an unoccupied machinery room or in the open air High Pressure Side in an unoccupied machinery room or in the open air All refrigerant containing parts in an unoccupied machinery room or in the open air All refrigerant containing parts in an unoccupied machinery room or in the open air 30 © ISO 2006 – All rights reserved ..2 All other refrigeration systems: Only sealed systems with max charge = practical limit x room volume and not exceeding 1.5 kg.5 kg.2.1 (continued) Refrigerant Type — A3 Factory sealed direct systems with charge ≤ 0.2.2. see box nr 9 High Pressure Side in an unoccupied machinery room or in the open air 10 max charge = practical limit *x room volume and not exceeding 1. General Occupancy — Class A Direct Systems In a human occupied space which is not in a machinery room 7 A/C systems for human comfort: see A. systems: Only sealed systems with max charge = practical limit x room volume and not exceeding 1 kg below or 5kg above ground level Direct Systems In a human occupied space which is not in a machinery room 13 A/C systems for human comfort: see A.2.15 in ISO 5149-2.2.5 kg above ground level 15 A/C systems for human comfort: see A.2 All other refrigeration systems: Max charge = practical limit x room volume and not exceeding 1 kg below ground level and 2.2. 9 A/C systems for human comfort: see A. 11 A/C systems for human comfort: see A.5 kg above ground level 17 A/C systems for human comfort: see A.

2 All other refrigeration systems: Max charge = 1 kg below ground level.2 All other refrigeration systems: Max charge = 1 kg below ground and 25 kg above ground 23 A/C systems for human comfort: see A. see box nr 19 22 Max charge = 1 kg below ground and 25 kg above ground 24 Max charge = 1 kg below ground and no restriction above ground © ISO 2006 – All rights reserved 31 .2.2. Systems with ventilated enclosure: see subclause 5. Occupancy with authorised access only — Class C Direct Systems In a human occupied space which is not in a machinery room High Pressure Side in an unoccupied machinery room or in the open air All refrigerant containing parts in an unoccupied machinery room or in the open air 19 A/C systems for human comfort: see A.2 All other refrigeration systems: Max charge = 1 kg below ground and 10 kg above ground 21 A/C systems for human comfort: see A. No restriction above ground Indirect Systems 20 considered as direct system. Factory sealed systems with limited charge: see Error! Reference source not found..2.ISO/CD 5149-1 Table A.2.15 kg: see A.15 in ISO 5149-2.2..1 (continued) Refrigerant Type — A3 Factory sealed direct systems with charge < 0.

If the charge size is greater than 4 m³ x LFL the maximum charge in a room shall be in accordance with the following: mmax= 2. − 32 © ISO 2006 – All rights reserved .6 m for floor location.2. systems where the refrigerant charge does not exceed 150 kg of A1 refrigerants and 75 kg of A2 refrigerants .[ (M-29)*RCL>2 ]. A.2. They are classified by ISO 817 as A1 or A2L and heavier than air. IEC 603352-89. A.  1. (5/4) h0)) 2 A.8 m for wall mounted. IEC 60335-2-40 shall be applied.2.1 General This clause shall apply only to equipment that fulfils all of following conditions: − refrigerants as listed in Table B.5 x (LFL) where: mmax = is the allowable maximum charge in a room in kg m Amin A LFL h0 = is the refrigerant charge amount in the system in kg = is the required minimum room area in m2 = is the room area in m2 = in kg/m3 = is the installation height of the appliance in m:  0.3 Alternative provisions for multi-split air conditioning or heat pumps systems.1 General For factory sealed systems with up 0. Where the LFL is in kg/m3 from Annex B and the relative molar mass of the refrigerant is greater than 43. The 3 value of (relative molar mass of refrigerant minus twenty-nine) multiplied by RCL (kg/m ) shall be more than 2.2 Factory sealed units with a charge of less than 0.15 kg of A3 refrigerant the requirements of IEC 60335-2-24.ISO/CD 5149-1 A.0 m for window mounted.5 x (LFL)(5/4) x h0 (A)1/2 or the required minimum floor area Amin to install a system with refrigerant charge m (kg) shall be in accordance with following.2 m for ceiling mounted.  2.3.  1. Amin = (m/(2.15 kg of A3 refrigerant A.2 Charge limitations due to flammability for A/C systems or heat pumps for human comfort: Refrigerant containing parts in an occupied space The maximum charge in a room shall be in accordance with the following: If the charge size is below 4 m³ x LFL special precautions between the room size and the charge amounts are not necessary.

8 and 9 of 5149-3 shall be taken.003 2 m2 opening (0.1.2or A.22 0.2 Occupancies except ones on the lowest underground floor of the building Where the refrigerant charge divided by the room volume does not exceed the QLMV then the requirements of the main text of part one of this standard shall apply with using the QLMV values instead of RCLs.18 0. at least one of the measures described in clauses 6.2. applies only when the compressor is not installed in the occupied space. The relation between RCL and QLMV and required ventilations are calculated under this assumption. for the indoor unit can be located in the occupied space.3.42 0. opening of the door generates sufficient ventilation even in such burst leak cases.ISO/CD 5149-1 − − − − − where the rated cooling (heating) capacity of the indoor unit is less than 25% of the rated cooling(heating) capacity of the outdoor unit .3. but it is not included in the calculation.3. Where the value exceeds the QLAV. In addition. where the refrigerant charge exceeds the limitation according to Table B. the value shall not exceed RCL value in the Table A.1.8 m width door and 4 mm gap) that can be expected every room without intention for ventilation.096 0.50 HFC R410A A2 R32 0. 6. the leak amount is assumed to be 10 kg per hour at the maximum.3.22 0.3 0.1 General Total charge of the system divided by the room volume shall not exceed the QLMV value in Table A. NOTE In this annex of standard. It is also assumed that there is little probability of burst leak of indoor unit without compressor in the occupied space. main pipes of the refrigeration system are not to be located in the occupied space. two or more of the measures shall be taken.3.2. Where the value is more than the QLMV but less than or equal to QLAV value.2. LFL) may be employed instead for A2 refrigerant if it is lower than ODL. © ISO 2006 – All rights reserved 33 . Only branch pipe.3. clause 8. A. gaps between floor and wall make additional ventilation when the refrigerant is leaked. A.43 0. Actually.50 0. LC50 for 2 hours may be employed if it is lower than ODL and LFL. QLAV is the refrigerant concentration that is basically equal to the ODL which makes the oxygen concentration of 18% assuming perfect mixing.1.091 0.2 Allowable charge A.3.2.4 — Allowable refrigerant charge Allowable concentration (kg/m3) RCL 0. Because it is difficult to measure and it is conservative to exclude it.59 0. applies only where the floor area of the occupancy is less than 250 m2 and.59 0. appropriate measures shall be taken in accordance with clauses A.1 except for systems in the lowest underground floor.28 Refrigerant A1 R22 R134a A1 R407C Note HCFC NOTE QLMV is calculated value from based on having 0.50 QLAV (kg/m3) 0. In cases of the rooms where the lowest floor is underground.2. If the value exceeds the QLMV or RCL. Table A.28 QLMV (kg/m3) 0. that comply with ISO 5149-3.

ISO/CD 5149-1 A.3 Occupancies on the lowest underground floor of the building Where the refrigerant charge divided by the room volume is more than the RCL value in table 1 but less than or equal to QLMV value. Where the value exceeds the QLMV. The value shall not exceed QLAV value.3. at least one of the measures described in clauses 6. mechanical ventilation shall be provided in accordance with clause 6. 34 © ISO 2006 – All rights reserved .3. A. where the largest system charge in the building divided by the total volume of the lowest floor exceeds QLMV value. two or more of the measures shall be taken.2.2.4 Effect of flow down Appropriate measures to minimize the leaked refrigerant flow from other floors shall be taken at the lowest underground floor of the building. 8 and 9 of 5149-3 shall be taken. 6. Even if there is no refrigeration system on the lowest floor.3 in ISO 5149-3.2.3.

085 0.0 84.01 0.657 2.006 0.011 0.1 40.9 2.048 0.309 6.5 0.450 2.4 – 58.0 16.7 – 161. d GWPa.0 – 128.5 0. n.008 0.0 – 4.4 120. 52.5 70.0 86. e Boiling Pointa (°C) (100 yr ITH) IPCC 2001 1 1 3 1 10 0 0.1 72.1 3 23.1 72.055 0 4600 10600 1300 14000 6900 5700 1700 1200 10 0 0 0 0 0 0 550 23 +/.0 – 40.a.4 104.1 — Refrigerants designation Refrigerant Number Chemical Nameb Chemical Formula Safety Practical ATEL/ODLg Group Limit (kg/m ) Methane Series 11 12 12B1 13 13B1 14 22 23 30 32 50 Hydrocarbons 600 600a 601 601a Trichlorofluoromethane Dichlorodifluoromethane Bromochlorodifluoromethane Chlorotrifluoromethane Bromotrifluoromethane Carbon tetrafluoride Chlorodifluoromethane Trifluoromethane Dichloromethane (methylene chloride) Difluoromethane (methylene fluoride) Methane Butane 2-methyl propane (isobutane) Pentane 2-methyl butane (isopentane) CCI3F CCI2F2 CBrCIF2 CCIF3 CBrF3 CF4 CHCIF2 CHF3 CH2Cl2 CH2F2 CH4 CH3CH2CH2CH3 CH(CH3)3 CH3CH2CH2CH2CH3 (CH3)2CHCH2CH3 A1 A1 A1 A1 A1 A1 A1 B2 A2 A3 A3 A3 A3 A3 0.1 27.884 137.0 – 81.0 – 51.ISO/CD 5149-1 Annex B (normative) Safety classification and information about refrigerants Table B.440 n.8 0.6 n/a 0.587 2.6 n/a 0.5 0.2 0.17 0.307 0.20 11 ? (kg/m ) 0.1 58.5 148.041 0.8 – 29.9 165.041 © ISO 2006 – All rights reserved 35 .169 3.10 3 Flammabilit Relative Vapour Density y molar 25°C.153 0.824 5.20 +/.3 0.0089 0.0 58.3kPaa (kg/m ) — — — — — — — — 0.5 0.038 0.061 0.2 0.68 0.8 – 82. LFL Massa 101.008 0.68 3 (kg/m ) 5.0 0 – 12 36.3 0.3 0.a.9 88.032 0.417 3 Normal ODPa.3 0.611 3.039 4.

1. e (kg/m ) 0.2 0 32.5 84.2-trichloro-1.55 0.6 0.a.064 7.6 – 79.689 1.1 0.20 1 Butane (and higher) Series 365mfc 1.239 1.a.a.49 0.0 170.2-tetrafluoroethane 1.1.3-heptafluoropropane 1.59 0.3.0 0.20 ? 47.ISO/CD 5149-1 Tableau B.1.759 1.2-trifluoroethane 1.39 0.4 0.258 n.0 42.10 0.19 0.1.0 40.3-pentafluoropropane Propane Propene (propylene) Dimethyl Ether CF3CF2CF3 CF3CHFCF3 CF3CH2CF3 CF3CH2CHF2 CH3CH2CH3 CH3CH=CH2 (CH3)2O A1 A1 A1 A3 A3 A3 1.7 0.1 3 (100 yr ITH) IPCC 2001 0.048 0. LFL Massa 101.3.39 0. 148.0 0.853 7. 7.5.1.0 252.137 6.02 – 12.0 117.495 2.1.6 0.3.4 0.282 0.696 n.9 0.0 153.1-trifluoroethane 1.84 0.13 0.438 5.3-pentafluorobutane CF3CH2CF2CH3 43-10mee 1.1.1 0 – 26.153 187.1.4 170.1.0 136.7 0.008 0.2.2tetrafluoroethane Chloropentafluoroethane Hexafluoroethane 2.2-dichloro-1.8 1 6000 9800 7200 11900 120 620 3400 1300 700 2400 4300 120 +/.3-hexafluoropropane 1.0 66.1.5 138.81 — 8.5-decafluoropentane CF3CF2CHFCHFCF3 A1 Cyclic Organic Compounds C318 Octafluorocyclobutane — n.1.1-trifluoroethane 2-chloro-1.038 0.01 3 (kg/m ) n.a.065 – 47.011 1.0 152.207 6. d GWP Boiling Pointa (°C) a.832 1.11 – 10.6 3.728 4.0 0 – 104.022 – 48.1.59 0.1.1-difluoroethane Ethane Ethene (ethylene) CCl2FCClF2 CClF2CClF2 CCIF2CF3 CF3CF3 CHCI2CF3 CHCIFCF3 CHF2CF3 CH2FCF3 CH3CCI2F CH3CCIF2 CH3CF3 CH3CHF2 CH3CH3 CH2=CH2 A1 A1 A1 A1 B1 A1 A1 A1 A2 A2 A2 A2 A3 A3 0. 4.223 3.11 0.1 0.0 –6 0 10000 36 © ISO 2006 – All rights reserved .247 0.3.036 3 Normal ODPa.982 4.027 0.0 134.268 0.429 200.6 0 0 890 1500 C4F8 0.2.3.9 – 42 – 48 – 24.9 154.49 0.1 — (continued) Refrigerant Number Chemical Nameb Chemical Formula Safety Practical ATEL/ODLg Group Limit (kg/m ) Ethane Series 113 114 115 116 123 124 125 134a 141b 142b 143a 152a 170 1150 Propane Series 218 227ea 236fa 245fa 290 1270 E170 1.11 0.6 – 1.745 1.53 0.03 0.013 0.55 0.4. n.0 0 Octafluoropropane 1.8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 8600 3500 9400 950 +/.038 0.5 120.006 3 Flammabilit Relative Vapour Density y molar 25°C.1 54.0 100.0 0 27.1 46 – 37 – 15.3.20 +/.049 0.914 188.5.0 0.009 — — — — 0. 5.09 0.008 0.3.19 0.2.0 44.418 5.1.a.2.1.8 – 39.84 0.053 0.4 14.0 0 – 89.047 0.25 0.1.2-tetrafluoroethane Pentafluoroethane 1.1-dichloro-1-fluoroethane 1-chloro-1.2-dichloro-1.0 30.008 0.1.0 0 – 25.1 0.81 0.1-difluoroethane 1.1.3kPaa (kg/m ) — — — — — — — — 0.2.0 28.25 0.0 102.

normal boiling point.008 3 Flammabilit Relative Vapour Density y molar 25°C.00035 0.2 bar Adopted under the Montreal Protocol IPCC.1 3 (100 yr ITH) IPCC 2001 0 0 0 0 +/.ISO/CD 5149-1 Table B.0 44.008 0.00035 0.041 0.104 — 0.07 0. d GWP Boiling Pointa (°C) a.450 2.1 72.1 27.0 – 33 – 78c 0 0 0 1 See Tables B. The preferred chemical name is followed by the popular name in parentheses. Triple Point is -56.808 17. Sublimes. whichever is lower. n.3 for zeotropic and azeotropic blends The vapour density.2 and B.07 0.704 1. molecular mass.041 3 Normal ODPa.440 n.038 0.10 3 (kg/m ) 2.8 Other Organic Compounds E170 Dimethyl Ether Inorganic Compounds 717 Ammonia 744 Carbon dioxide a b c d e f g h (CH3)2O A3 0.a.011 0.8 0 1 NH3 CO2 B2 A1 0.3kPaa (kg/m ) 0.6°C at 5. ODP and GWP are not part of this standard and are provided for information purposes only. e (kg/m ) 0. Third Assessment Report 2001 1998 Ozone Assessment Report Acute-Toxicity Exposure Limit or Oxygen Deprivation Limit. 58.1 72.064 1.914 46 – 24.20 +/.01 0. Lower Flammability Limit.048 0.20 11 ? 0 – 12 36. LFL Massa 101. © ISO 2006 – All rights reserved 37 .1 (continued) Refrigerant Number Chemical Nameb Chemical Formula Safety Practical ATEL/ODLg Group Limit (kg/m ) Hydrocarbons 600 600a 601 601a Butane 2-methyl propane (isobutane) Pentane 2-methyl butane (isopentane) CH3CH2CH2CH3 CH(CH3)3 CH3CH2CH2CH2CH3 (CH3)2CHCH2CH3 A3 A3 A3 A3 0.0089 0.a.1 58.011 0.

5.33 0.482 3.5 83.2 97.446 3.13 0.0/± 2/± 2 + 0.7 – 46.817 4.41 0.0/16.929 3.883 4.33 0.0/ – 42.1 / – 24.4 – 32.2 – 51.0 97.33 0.232 89.5 82.21 0.43 0.5 ± 1/± 1 + 0 – 1/+ 2 – 0/+ 0 – 1 + 0 – 1/+ 2 – 0/+ 0 – 1 ± 2/± 2/± 1 ± 1/± 2/+ 0.5 – 45.6 – 44.1. – 1.5) ± 2/+ 0.40 0.0/± 2 + 0.33 0.274 3.3 0.057 0 0 0 0 0 0.04 0.41 0.41 0.44 0.026 0.40 0.6 111.08 0.2 90.007 3.6 / – 51.0/± 2 ± 2/+ 0.07 0.7 / – 26.8 87.375 n/a n/a 3.34 0.7 92 103.7 – 33.048 0.0 101.5/+ 0.44 0.031 0 0.1 – 41.7 – 42.0 A1 A1 A1 A1 A1 A1 A1 A1 0.4 – 43.9/ – 29.055 4.131 3.13 0.5/± 1 ± 2/+ 0.2 / – 24.211 4.17 0.9 – 29.09 0.24 0.24 0.2 — Refrigerant designations of zeotropic Blends (R-400 series) Refrigerant Number Composition c (Weight %) Composition Tolerances (%) Safety Practical ATEL/ODL Flammability Vapour Density Group Limitd (kg/m ) 401A 401B 401C 402A 402B 403A 403B 404A 405A 406A 407A 407B 407C 407D 407E 408A 409A 409B 410A 410B 411A 411B 412A 413A 414A 414B R-22/152a/124 (53/13/34) R-22/152a/124 (61/11/28) R-22/152a/124 (33/15/52) R-125/290/22 (60/2/38) R-125/290/22 (38/2/60) R-290/22/218 (5/75/20) R-290/22/218 (5/56/39) R-125/143a/134a (44/52/4) R-22/152a/142b/C318 (45/7/5.4 – 43.5 – 1.5 – 1.2/ – 38.334 4.3 – 49.32 0.4 – 33.5/9.4 / – 32.9 / – 23. – 1.3kPaa (kg/m ) 3.033 0.5 / – 51.8/ – 36.4 92. – 1.040 4.6 / – 44.860 4.1 – 34.021 3.8/ – 24 .7 – 32.048 0.028 0.5/+ 1.5/± 1 ± 2/+ 0.16 0.18 0.042 1100 1200 900 2700 2300 3000 4300 3800 5200 1900 2000 2700 1700 1500 1400 3000 1500 1500 2000 2100 1500 1600 2200 1900 1400 1300 A2 A1 A1 A1 A1 A1 A1 A1 A1 A1 A1 A2 A2 A2 A2 A1 A1 0.9 86.04 0.32 0.302 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 0.05 0.0) R-1270/22/152a (3/94/3) R-22/218/142b (70/5/25) R-218/134a/600a (9/88/3) R-22/124/600a/142b (51.0/± 2/± 2 ± 2/± 1/± 2 ± 2/± 1/± 1/± 2b ± 2/± 1/± 1 ± 2/± 2/± 2 ± 2/± 2/± 2 ± 2/± 2/± 2 ± 2/± 2/± 2 ± 2/± 2/± 2 ± 2/± 1/± 2 ± 2/± 2/± 1 ± 2/± 2/± 1 + 0.3 0.9 97.8 101 101.4 – 46.6 75.48 3 g Relative molar Massa Bubble e Point/Dew Point ODP at 101.784 3.4/ – 27.08 0.6 – 28.048 0 0 0.5 96.6 38 © ISO 2006 – All rights reserved .1.186 0.055 0 0.239 0.9/–42. – 1 ± 2/± 2/± 0.420 3.41 0.8 / – 28.7 0.48 3 25°C.2/ – 47.0/39.743 4.0 ± 2/± 2/± 0.08 0.5 – 1.2 – 2.16 0.929 3.0 – 47.5 – 0.3 kPa (°C)a GWPf (100 yr ITH) IPCC 2001 LFLh (kg/m ) 0.41 0.2/ – 44.5 – 51.9 83.5/11.5 94.35 0.3 – 35.057 3 (kg/m ) n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 3 94.2 – 36.8 / – 35.17 0.5) R-22/600a/142b (55/4/41) R-32/125/134a (20/40/40) R-32/125/134a (10/70/20) R-32/125/134a (23/25/52) R-32/125/134a (15/15/70) R-32/125/134a (25/15/60) R-125/143a/22 (7/46/47) R-22/124/142b (60/25/15) R-22/124/142b (65/25/10) R-32/125 (50/50) R-32/125 (45/55) R-1270/22/152a (1.021 0.5/42.045 0.582 3.ISO/CD 5149-1 Table B.052 0.35 0.214 3.5/87.33 0.34 0.2 103.5) R-22/124/600a/142b (50.6 / – 40.03 0.8 – 44.09 0.037 0.6 / – 37.7 – 39.5/± 1 ± 2/+ 0.31 0.329 0.9 – 33.7/ – 23.43 0.0/28. 101.614 4.33 0.289 4.07 0.5/+ 0.8– 42.4 / – 27.07 0.5/4.31 0. – 1.5 – 1.041 0.8 – 34.7 72.3 92.5.5 / – 28.744 3.4 – 39.0/1.1 102.41 0.9 90.5/ – 45.2 – 2.

15 n/a 4.8 – 38. the temperature at which a liquid refrigerant first begins to boil.3 kPaa (kg/m ) 81.15 0. Practical Limit. The “dew point temperature” is defined as the vapour saturation temperature of a refrigerant at the specified pressure.0 –0.4) R-290/22/152a 51.0/75. © ISO 2006 – All rights reserved 39 .9 106. whichever is lower.7 84. Blend components are conventionally listed in order of increasing normal boiling point.1.9 – 42. at constant pressure. at constant pressure. Calculated from the values for the individual components as listed in Table B.540 111. R-125/134a/600 (46.5 R125/134a/E170 (77/19/4) r-134a/142b (88/12) ± 1/±1 ± 1/± 1 + 0.1.0/ – 32.0/+ 1.033 0 0. b c d e f g h The sum of the composition tolerances for R152a and R142b must be between + 0 and – 2 percent.443 4.4/ – 2. molecular mass. is lower than the dew point.0/39.5 ± 1/± 1/± 1 + 1 -0/+0.3 101.1/± 1.009 0 0.5/+ 0.1. Calculated from the values for the individual components as listed in Table B.1 A2 A2 A1 A1 0.5/1.0/3.0 3 g Relative molar Massa Bubble Point/Dew Point at 1. Acute-Toxicity Exposure Limit or Oxygen Deprivation Limit.028 0.0/+ 0.0/2. –0.8 – 23.6/ – 36. The dew point of a zeotropic refrigerant blend.9 70. 101.005 1400 520 950 1950 1600 2900 1400 The vapour density.1. is higher than the bubble point. The bubble point of a zeotropic refrigerant blend. Calculated from the values for the individual components as listed in Table B.2 n/a 0.2 ± 1.678 4. “bubble point” and “dew point” temperatures are not part of this standard.013 kPa (°C)a ODPe GWPf (100 yr ITH) IPCC 2001 Tolerances (%) Group Limitd (kg/m ) 3 LFLh (kg/m ) 3 (kg/m ) 3 415A 415B 416A 417A 418A 419A 420A a R-22/152a (82/18) R-22/152a (25.009 0.6/50.4 ±0.ISO/CD 5149-1 Table B.0) R-134a/124/600 (59.5 – 1.6 109. Lower Flammability Limit. they are provided for information only.5).1.2 (continued) Refrigerant Number Composition c (Weight %) Composition Safety Practical ATEL/ODL Flammability Vapour Density 25°C. the temperature at which the last drop of liquid refrigerant boils. –0.5/96. The “bubble point temperature” is defined as the liquid saturation temperature of a refrigerant at the specified pressure.5/± 1/± 0.

1/59.0 – 46.0 – 88.1 112.6 0.0/25. but are provided for informative purposes only.6 0 0.0 – 30. The extent of segregation depends on the particular azeotrope and hardware system configuration.8) R-12/31 (78.863 4.7 – 33.124 3.2 103. Calculated from the values for the individual components as listed in Table B.8/51.4 – 88.9 100.5 93.78 0.56 4.0)c R-22/115 (48. Calculated from the values for the individual components as listed in Table B.5 – 41.3kPab (kg/m ) 4.7 – 86.108 4.635 3.29 0. 101.155 98.49 0.9) R-32/115 (48.4 0. The exact composition of this azeotrope is in question.22 0. Under vapour-liquid equilibrium (VLE) conditions.45 0.282 3 Relative molar Massb Normal Azeotropic ODPg GWPg (100 yr ITH) IPCC 2001 Boiling Point Temperature (°C)b (°C)d 0 – 41 19 88 17 115 18 – 40 – 86 – 45.3 – 47.1 95. b c d e f g The vapour density.46 0 0 0 0.38 0.137 3.33 0.5 79.3 — Refrigerant designations of azeotropic blendsa (R-500 series) Refrigerant Number Azeotropic Compositione (Weight %) 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507A 508A 508B 509A a Safety Group Practical Limit (kg/m ) 3 Vapour Density 25 °C.74 0.0)c R-31/114 (55. and additional experimental studies are needed.1/44.31 0.9) R-125/143a (50/50) R-23/116 (39/61) R-23/116 (46/54) R-22/218 (44/56) A1 A1 A1 0.2/51.0 87.0/22.2 0. 40 © ISO 2006 – All rights reserved .4 124.0 – 12.1.35 99.594 3.2) R-23/13 (40.8/26.1.3 93. molecular mass and normal boiling point are not part of this standard.ISO/CD 5149-1 Table B.024 R-12/152a (73.2) R-22/12 (75.0 – 45. Blend components are conventionally listed in order of increasing normal boiling point.0 7900 3900 4500 13000 4000 n/a n/a 3900 12000 12000 5600 A1 A1 A1 A1 0.0 Azeotropic refrigerants exhibit some segregation of components at conditions of temperature and pressure other than those at which they are formulated.930 5.7 – 57.

Standard Test Method for Corrosion Test for Engine Coolants in Glassware © ISO 2006 – All rights reserved 41 .ISO/CD 5149-1 Bibliography [1] ASTM D1384-04.